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VERDRAWN pictures being; unseemly in 

Uhistory, and there being no room in this book 

I for mere"word paintings, the substantial facts 

are given as the most agreeable and lasting 

to a prosperous city. 

Bridgeport, as a city, was incorporated 
by act of the General Assembly in May, 
1836, under the name of "The Mayor, Alder- 
men, Common Council, and Freemen of the City 
of Bridgeport^' By several changes made, 
the incorporate title now is " The City of 
Bridgeport," and the title of its authorita- 
tive body is " The Common Council of the 
City of Bridgeport." 

The city is located on Long Island 
i Sound, fifty-two miles from New York City, 

and is a seaport town, with a good harbor/ It is built upon a 
sandy and gravelly soil, and therefore, as well as from all its 
surroundings, is a healthy locality. It is spread over a large 
territory, for the number of its inhabitants, and has many 
square miles of available territory adjoining it on three 
sides— east, north, and west, for its indefinite expansion. It 
has three good sized parks within its limits — two of which 
are remarkably picturesque; its streets are of good width, 
many of them made more so in appearance by the dwellings 
standing unusually distant from the streets; and the charac- 
ter and style of the public buildings are more than commonly 
elegant, and significant of enterprise and taste. A marked 
feature of its private buildings is that of double residences 
with ample space and yards about them, which in the summer 
time, being ornamented profusely with flowers and shrubbery, 

694 History of Stratford. 

give it the appearance of a city of delightful homes. Another 
feature of this city is the large number of buildings of exten- 
sive manufactures; but these structures are all new and of 
elegant proportions and styles, so that they ornament rather 
than detract from the picturesqueness and beauty of the city. 
In addition, the shore of the Sound, bordering it on the 
south, without swamp or marsh, and especially as a part of 
this southern territory of the city consists of the already far- 
famed Seaside Park ; the whole city is one of attractiveness, 
health, and facility for general industry, enterprise and homes. 

The PopulaHon of Bridgeport has increased rapidly 
since it became a city. The late Isaac Sherman, writing 
about i860, estimated the number of people residing at differ- 
ent dates in the territory embraced within the city limits 
of Bridgeport, to be: in 1790, no persons; in 1800, 250; in 
1810, 550; and in 1820, 840. 

The first time the census of Bridgeport was taken sepa- 
rately was in 18 10, it having been included in Stratford 
before that time. Jeremiah W. Beardsley was the enumer- 
ator that year, and his return is still preserved. According 
to this there were 94 heads of families in the borough, and 
the total population, including a negro slave in the family of 
Lieut. Salmon Hubbell, was 572. In 1840, Henry Edwards 
was the enumerator, and returned the number 4,570. In 1850 
the late William R. Bunnell took the census, and reported 
7,558 inhabitants. The number of colored persons was 286, 
and of foreigners 1,493, including 1,102 born in Ireland; 188 
bom in England ; 138 in Germany ; and 65 in other countries. 
In i860, George W. Lewis was enumerator, and the popula- 
tion was I3>299, having almost doubled during the decade. 
In 1870 the census was taken under the supervision of the 
late Philo F. Barnum, and showed 19,876 inhabitants, and 
during the year 1880 it was taken by supervisor W. E. Dis- 
brow, and the population of Bridgeport was 29,153, the 
number living on the west side of the river being 19,770, 
and on the east side 9,383; and as estimated by the public 
school enumeration it was, in January, 1886, 39,000. 

If inquiry is made as to what has caused this city to be 

Bridgeport. 695 

what it is, and that, too, in the short space of fifty years — as 
it is just fifty since it was incorporated — the answer is given, 
somewhat minutely, under the two general subjects. Rail- 
roads and Manufacturing enterprises, for it will be recognized 
at once that however great the present facilities for freight 
transportation by water — and they are very advantageous — 
yet without the railroads the half of the water transportation 
would never have been wanted, and without the industries 
the railroads, steamboats, and inhabitants would have a starv- 
ation time, so far as this city is concerned. 

The Motisatonic ItaUroad. — The enterprise which 

resulted in the building of this road began in 1835, it being 
among the earliest roads of the kind in America. Seven 
years previous the first locomotive had been imported into 
the country, and only one year before the Boston and Albany, 
the pioneer road of New England, had been opened for travel. 

The interest in railroad projects had become very marked. 
The Connecticut legislature had given charters in 1832 for 
the Boston, Norwich and New London, New York and Ston- 
ington, and Sharon and Salisbury railroads; in 1833 ^^^ Man- 
chester and Hartford, and New Haven roads; in 1835 the 
Hartford and Springfield, Fairfield County, and the Worces- 
ter and Hartford. 

The Housatonic road grew out of an enterprise, started 
in the Housatonic valley in 1822, to build a canal from Sau- 
gatuck to New Milford, for which a charter was secured, 
commissioners appointed, estimates of expenses and a survey 

On the 23d day of December, 1835, a public meeting was 
held at Kent, composed of ** delegates representing the towns 
on and near the contemplated route for a railroad from Dan- 
bury, through and along the valley of the Housatonic, to 
Stockbridgc, in Massachusetts." Under the direction of 
officers appointed by that meeting a survey was made by 
E. H. Broadhead, in the winter of 1835 and 6, from Danbury 
to Great Barrington, and in the May session of the legislature 
of 1836, a charter was granted. By this charter there was to 
be selected one of three lines from Brookfield to tide-water. 
The decision to be made on this question was important to 

696 History of Stratford. 

Bridgeport, and the inhabitants appreciated it and put forth 
efforts proportionate. 

In the year 1836 Alfred Bishop, of New Jersey, settled in 
Bridgeport, probably led to this locality at the time for the 
purpose of engaging in building railroads, and immediately 
on being established devoted all his energy to the location 
and construction of the Housatonic Railroad. 

In order to have this road terminate at Bridgeport, it 
was important that a considerable amount of the stock should 
be taken here, and after individuals had done their utmost 
enough was not secured. It is possible that this idea first 
suggested the organization of the borough of Bridgeport into 
a city. Hence, in May, 1836, a charter was secured for a city, 
and afterwards the corporation loaned its credit to the rail- 
road company to the amount of one hundred thousand dollars, 
and in 1838 the city issued coupon bonds, in favor of the rail- 
road, to the amount of fifty thousand dollars more. 

This debt of $150,000 created much excitement when the 
interest had considerably accumulated, there being no pro- 
vision for payment. It was found that the city held no 
property, of account, and the question whether private 
property was liable in such a case had not been decided in 
the courts of this State at that time, and therefore a test case 
was allowed to be brought before the courts for the purpose 
of deciding this question, and also to make further proceed- 
ings in raising the money legal. The court's decision con- 
firmed the claim against private property, and at once a 
sinking fund was established and the whole amount finally 
paid ; and the full benefit has been already more than realized, 
for if railroad enterprise had not made the city a central point 
for business about the time it did, the half of the money now 
in it would never have come to the city of Bridgeport. It 
was in consequence of this matter going to court for a decis- 
ion, that the report of repudiation went abroad, which was 
without foundation, since it was of the utmost necessity to 
secure such a decision in order that in the further proceed- 
ings the officers of the city might be assured of the legality of 
their acts.* 

> See this matter as explained in the Report of the Board of Trade, 1877, p. 314. 


Bridgeport. 697 

In the starting of the road for a time ex-Governor Gideon 
Tomlinson acted as president of the company, but at the first 
regular election, April 5, 1837, the following officers were 
chosen: William P. Burrall, President; William H. Noble, 
Secretary ; Jesse Sterling, Treasurer ; and William P. Bur- 
rall, Edwin Porter, Samuel Simons, Stephen Lounsbury, 
Charles DeForest, of Bridgeport, Anan Hine, Asa Pickett, of 
New Milford, Alpheus Fuller, of Kent, and Peter Bierce, of 
Cornwall, were Directors. 

The work of building and equipping this road was very 
great; embarrassments came on, and in 1844 1^ passed into 
the hands of a committee of twenty citizens, and for some 
time was operated under the name of E. Gregory and Com- 
pany ; but after a time preferred stock was issued and a new 
organization of the company was effected. Its capital stock 
is $2,000,000; namely, $820,000 of old stock and $1,180,000 
preferred. The road now, under the management for a 
number of years of Hon. William H. Barnum, as president, 
is a successful, prosperous road. The present officers of this 
road are: President, Hon. William H. Barnum; Secretary 
and Treasurer, Charles K. Averill ; Directors, William H. 
Barnum, William D. Bishop, Horace Nichols, A. B. Mygatt, 
Edward Leavitt, John B. Peck, Charles K. Averill, William 
E. Downs, D. W. Plumb. ♦ 

Alfred JBisIiop, born December 21, 1798, was the son of 
William and Susannah Bishop, and descendant from the Rev. 
John Bishop, the second minister of Stamford, Conn. For a 
time, when quite young, he taught school in his native town. 
He afterwards settled in New Jersey as a farmer, and while 
thus employed made personal experiments with his pick ax, 
shovel, and wheelbarrow, by which he accurately estimated 
the cost of removing various masses of earth to different 
distances. In this way he prepared himself for the great 
work of his life, as a canal and railroad contractor. Among 
the public works on which he was engaged, and which con- 
stitute a lasting monument to his name, are the Morris canal, 
in New Jersey ; the great bridge over the Raritan, at New 
Brunswick ; the Housatonic, Berkshire, Washington and 

698 History of Stratford. 

Saratoga, Naugatuck, and New York and New Haven rail- 
roads. But in the midst of his extensive operations, and 
while forming plans for still greater works, he was taken 
suddenly ill and died June 11, 1849. At the funeral, which 
was on June 13th, his pastor, the Rev. Dr. Hewit, preached 
the sermon, and the Common Council of the city, which had 
previously passed resolutions of respect concerning his life 
and labors, attended in a body. 

The Housatonic Railroad was projected and chartered 
before Mr. Bishop came to Bridgeport, but to him belongs 
much credit for taking the first steps to carry it into practical 
effect, and as in part the author of the complete system of 
railway communication now enjoyed by the city of Bridgeport. 

Mr. Bishop married Mary, daughter of Ethan Ferris, of 
Greenwich, Conn., and had three sons, two of whom became 
prominent as railroad men. 

The NatigtUuch Mail/road was projected by Alfred 
Bishop, of Bridgeport, who, after consultation with various 
parties whom he supposed might be interested in the enter- 
prise, brought the subject before the legislature of Connecti- 
cut, and a charter was granted in the year 1845, which was 
amended in 1847 ^^^ ^^ 1848. The following persons were 
named as grantees: Timothy D wight, of New Haven, Green 
Kendrick, of Waterbury, Thomas Burlock, of Derby, William 
P. Burrall, of Bridgeport, Philo Hurd, of Bridgeport, Alfred 
B. Brittain, of Bridgeport, and George L. Schuyler, of New 

It was proposed at first to make the road only from 
Bridgeport to Waterbury, with a capital stock of $800,000, 
but afterwards it was extended to Winsted, and the capital 
increased to $1,200,000. This amount of stock was afterwards 
increased to $1,500,000, to furnish the road with engines, cars, 
coaches, apd equipments. An organization of the company 
was effected in February, 1848, and a contract made with 
Alfred Bishop to build the road complete, and receive in pay 
$800,000 cash and $400,000 in bonds. The first officers of the 
road were: Timothy D wight. President; Ira Sherman, Sec- 
retary; and Horace Nichols, Treasurer; the last of these 
still holds the same office. 

Bridgeport. 699 

The profile and survey of the road having been made by 
engineer R. B. Mason, was presented to the directors March 
14, 1848, and was adopted, and in the following April the 
work was commenced. The contract stipulated that the road 
should be built in the most thorough and durable manner, 
with a heavy H-rail, similar to that used in relaying the 
Housatonic road, which that company had just completed. 

In constructing the road no particular change of the 
route was made, except at the south end, where, instead of 
crossing the Housatonic river at Derby and coming direct to 
Bridgeport, it was continued on the east side of the river, as 
at present, to the New York and New Haven railroad, and 
on that the Naugatuck trains run to Bridgeport. On the nth 
of June the road was opened to Waterbury, on the 23d of July 
to Plymouth, and on the 24th of September to Winsted. Mr. 
Bishop, the contractor, having died in June the completion 
was thereby delayed a few days. 

The chief office of this road is located in Bridgeport, 
corner of Main street and South avenue, and their principal 
shops and freight depot not far from it. 

Its present officers arc : William D. Bishop, of Bridge- 
port, President; Horace Nichols, of Bridgeport, Secretary 
and Treasurer; George W. Beach, of Waterbury, Superin- 
tendent; Samuel Wilmot, of Bridgeport, Auditor. The 
directors are: William D. Bishop, of Bridgeport, J. G. 
Wetmore, of Winsted, A. L. Dennis, of Newark, N. J., 
W. D. Bishop, Jr., of Bridgeport, Joel B. Sperry, of New 
Haven, J. B. Robertson, of New Haven, R. M. Bassett, of 
Derby, F. J. Kingsbury, of Waterbury, David W. Plumb, of 
Shelton, all of Connecticut except one. 

The Naugatuck enjoys the reputation of being one of the 
best managed roads in the country. It has neither floating 
nor bonded debt, pays all bills monthly, and its stock is in 
demand at a high premium. 

The tables of revenue of this road for the last nineteen 
years give matter of interest, as well as satisfaction to stock- 
holders. In 1866 the revenue amounted to $494,026.47!; but 
the next year it was a little less, then it rose gradually until 
in 1871 it was $624,761.86; then decreasing a little year by 

700 History of Stratford. 

year, it reached in 1877-8, $477,854.04; but again it took the 
rising scale, and climbing more rapidly than before, it cul- 
minated in 1881-2, at $714,898.01 ; then once more declining 
a little it stands in i884-S> ^^ $651,242.26. The balance sheet 
of the road for the year ending September 30, 1885, shows 
dividends to have been made during the fiscal year to the 
amount of $200,000. 

Since an enterprise of this kind is largely dependent 
upon the few men who manage and take care of it, a few 
sketches of those who supervised and served it longest upon 
the road, will be appropriate here. 

Alfred Sishop, the projector and builder, departed 
this life just before the completion of the road, yet he did a 
great work for the Naugatuck valley, the city of Bridgeport, 
and the State of Connecticut. A further record of him may 
be seen on page 697 of this book. 

Itev. Ethan Ferris BMiop, son of Alfred Bishop, 
was president of the road a number of years. He was educated 
at Yale and took his master's degree at Trinity College, 
Hartford, was ordained priest in the Protestant Episcopal 
Church, served some years as rector of the Church of the 
Nativity, of Bridgeport, and after much sufTering with ill 
health a number of years, departed to his final rest on the 7th 
of December, 1883. See page 657. 

Son* WiUiam D. Bishop, son of Alfred Bishop, was 
graduated at Yale College in 1849, and represented his dis- 
trict in Congress in 1859-61. He was president of the New 
York and New Haven Railroad some years, and continues to 
be one of its active and influential directors. He is now, and 
has been since the decease of his brother, president of the 
Naugatuck Railroad, and one of the most active and influen- 
tial railroad men of the State. He was a representative from 
Bridgeport in 1871, and State senator in 1877 and 1878. 

George WeUs Beach, son of Sharon Y. Beach, of Hum- 
phreysville, now Seymour, received in his native village an 
education fitting him for the duties of an active business life. 
In 1850, soon after the completion of the railroad, he entered 

Bridgeport. 701 

the service of the company at Humphreysville, as a clerk, 
with the understanding that he should fill any position that 
might be assigned him on the road. In 185 1 he was assigned 
the position of second clerk in the office at Waterbury, 
where, in the performance of various duties, he soon became 
acquainted with the management and work of the entire road. 
In 1855 he was appointed agent at the Naugatuck station, and 
in 1857 he was made conductor of the morning and evening 
passenger train, and while serving in this capacity he took 
charge of the general ticket agency, thus becoming still more 
familiar with the whole business of the road. In 1861 he was 
made agent at Waterbury, where he remained seven years. 

In 1868 the office of superintendent of the Naugatuck 
Railroad became vacant by the death of Charles Waterbury, 
and Mr. Beach was appointed to that position and therein he 
still remains, much to the credit of himself and the road, with 
the general respect and esteem of the railroad officials and the 
general public. His headquarters are at the office of the road 
at Bridgeport, but his residence is in Waterbury. Thirty-five 
years he has had an active, and most of the time, a prominent 
part in the management of the road. 

Alfred Heers^ son of Jonathan Beers, of Canaan, Conn., 
became conductor of the Naugatuck Railroad in March, 185 1, 
and served in that capacity thirty-two years, when his ner- 
vous system having become prostrated, he retired from active 
Service, the road continuing his regular salary. He is a resi- 
dent of Bridgeport and Senior Warden of St. Paul's Church. 
His son, Leander J. Beers, is conductor on the New York and 
New England Railroad, and has been some years; his son, 
C. W. Beers, is in the U. S. mail service in Bridgeport, and 
another son, Alfred B. Beers, is Judge of the Bridgeport 
City Court. 

Amos 8. Beers, of Canaan, Conn., brother to Alfred, 
above, became conductor on this road in 1855, and continues 
the same at the present time, having thus served the road in 
this capacity over thirty years. He resides in Bridgeport. 

Other conductors have served on this road as follows: 
Frederick Gregory, twelve years; A. A. Tolles, six years; 

702 History of Stratford. 

Edward Segears, as extra conductor, twenty-five years; S. 
E. Granger, twenty years; L. McDermitt, twenty-three 
years; Frank Scott, five years; F. E. Dickerman, on the 
Waterbury and Watertown Railroad, two years; and T. 
Daily, three years. 

• The following engineers have served on thisroad : Henry 
Abell, thirty years ; E. L. Downs, seventeen ; Edward Crow- 
ley, fifteen ; Bruce Lane, fifteen ; Frank Hubbell, thirteen ; 
Thomas Trueman, four; Wilbur Sherman, six; B. Baker, 
eight; Wilson Burns, six; Fred Baker, four; George Hull, 
eleven ; Charles Tomlin, four. 

New York and New Haven Railroad. — In the year 
1844 an act of incorporation was obtained from the legislature 
of Connecticut by Joseph Sheffield, of New Haven, Anson G. 
Phelps, of New York, and others, giving them permission to 
build a railroad, not exceeding six rods in width, from New 
Haven to the western boundary of the State, and to transport 
persons and property upon it by the power of steam, or any 
other mechanical force, by animals, or "by any combination 
of these which said company may choose.** On May 11, 
1846, the legislature of the State of New York granted the 
same persons permission to extend their proposed railroad 
from the Connecticut line to connect with the Harlem road 
at Williams* Bridge, N. Y. 

The first stockholders' meeting was held at New York 
City, May 19, 1846, when the following board of directors 
was elected: Robert Schuyler, Anson G. Phelps, Elihu 
Townsend, Morris Ketchum, of the city of New York; 
Henry J. Sanford, of Stamford; William P. Burrall, Stephen 
Tomlinson, of Bridgeport ; Joseph E. Sheffield, of New Ha- 
ven ; F. R. Griffin, of Guilford. At a subsequent meeting of 
the directors Robert Schuyler was chosen president, and 
William P. Burrall, secretary. 

Preliminary surveys having been made by Alexander C. 
Twining, a contract was made with Messrs. Alfred Bishop 
and Sidney G. Miller to build the road from the depot of the 
Hartford and New Haven Railroad, in the city of New 
Haven, to Williams Bridge; the work to be commenced by 
the first day of December, 1846, and to be completed by 

Bridgeport. 703 

August I, 1848. The contract price was two and a quarter 
millions of dollars, payable as follows: ''cash, in installments, 
as work is completed, $1,350,000; and $900,000 in stock." 
The contractors were each to receive, also, a free pass for the 
term of their natural lives. 

The civil engineer, Roswell B. Mason from New Jersey, 
made the final surveys of the Housatonic Railroad, and of the 
Berkshire to the Boston and Albany Railroad, and was 
Superintendent of the Housatonic from 1840 to 1845. He 
then served as engineer in the constructi6n of the New Haven 
and New York, and the Naugatuck roads. In 1850 he went 
to Chicago and for a number of years was connected with the 
land department of the Illinois Central Railroad. He was 
Mayor of Chicago at the time of the great fire in that city. 

Trains commenced running from Bridgeport to Fairfield 
September 2, 1848, but though finished from New Haven to 
Westport in October, 1848, it was not until January i, 1849, 
that the road was fully open for travel over its entire length. 
This was on only a single track. In May, 185 1, an additional 
track was laid, and the capital stock was increased to three 
million dollars. 

Two severe disasters have occurred in its history: the 
first was the terrible accident and loss of life at Norwalk 
bridge. May 9, 1853, and the second the fraudulent overissue 
of stock by its first president, Robert Schuyler, which came 
to light in July, 1854; but with these exceptions, it has had a 
career of almost uninterrupted prosperity. Much of this suc- 
cess is due to the ability of the Hon. William D. Bishop, of 
Bridgeport, who was its president from May 17, 1867, to March 
I, 1879, when ill health compelled him to resign. He is still a 
memberof the board of directors. Hon. Nathaniel Wheeler has 
also been a director from May 19, 1870, to the present time. 
Mr. John T. Moody and Mr. William H. Stevenson, of this 
city, are connected with the road — the former as superintend- 
ent a number of years, and the latter is now the superintendent 
of the New York and New Haven division, having been, pre- 
viously, superintendent of the Shore Line division. 

In the summer of 1872 the New York and New Haven 
road was consolidated with the Hartford and New Haven 

704 History of Stratford. 

road, and in June of the following year the work of equipping 
it throughout was completed. The consolidated road now 
leases the Boston and New York Air Line and the Shore 
Line. The capital stock of the consolidated road is $iS»S00r 
000, and its debt a little over $400,000. 

^\ The JParaUel JtaUrotJul.— Efforts to obtain a charter 

to build a railroad from New York to New Haven had been 
defeated in the legislature by the New York and New Haven 
Railroad, while the latter was seeking to consolidate with the 
New Haven, Hartford and Springfield road. Not being able 
to obtain the legislation necessary without the aid of the 
friends of the Parallel, a compromise, the general railroad 
law, was passed in 1871. 

Under that law the New York and Eastern Railroad 
company was organized in February, 1874. In their efforts 
before the legislature the same year to obtain permission to 
bridge the Housatonic river, they were defeated, and the fact 
was demonstrated that it was impossible, if there was any 
opposition, to build a railroad under that law. The present 
New York and Connecticut Air Line Railway company was 
organized in October, 1881. During the interval of the legis- 
lature the friends of the enterprise were not idle, but steadily 
laying the foundation, through public sentiment and other- 
wise, for certain amendments to the law that would remove 
the difficulty, which was accomplished in 1882. Immediately 
following this action of the legislature this company located 
its road and presented the plan to the railroad commissioners, 
which was accepted by them in November, 1883. On the 
24th of January, 1884, the work of construction was com- 
menced within the limits of the city of Bridgeport, by Mr. 
Henry R. Parrott, who threw out the first shovelful of gravel 
in the cut at Lindley street. Mr. Parrott is president of the- 
ijrrata. ^board of directors, has devoted more time to the enterprise 
than any other member, and to him is due, in a large degree, 
the present favorable position of the company. 

The following persons constitute the board of directors: 

S. E. Olmstead, deceased, E. R. Lockwood and George 

R. Cowles, of Norwalk; A. L. Winton, H. R. Parrott, of 

Bridgeport; W. T. Minor, of Stamford; Ira G. Briggs, of 



Bridgeport. 705 

Voluntown; Sheldon Collins, C. V. Sidell, Wm. T. Black, H. 
C. Hepburn, and C. D. IngersoU, of New York; W. W. 
Douglas, of Providence. 

Manufacturing Enterprises in Bridgeport. 

The industries of this city are many, and some of them 
are of large proportions as to money expended and income 
received. A general, historical outline of these various en- 
terprises is here given as accurately as it was possible to 
obtain information in the short time at command, for no 
consideration whatever than that of a historical record, and 
this record is set forth as showing the cause of the rapid 
growth of the city. A large proportion of the mercantile 
business of the place, aside from manufacturing, came here, 
not so much to build a city, as to meet the wants of the 
people already here. 

Hat Manufactui*ing was among the earliest enter- 
prises of Bridgeport. Thomas Gouge came here in 1792 and 
commenced business in a shop on the corner of Middle and 
Beaver streets. Reuben Tweedy came from Danbury in 
1793 and followed the same business, and was soon joined 
by his brother. Smith Tweedy. Their shops were on Middle 
street, north of Beaver. 

In the earlier stages of the business most of the hats were 
made of fur bodies, for the New York market, but subse- 
quently machinery was introduced for manufacturing wool 
bodies, which were napped with fur, and called napped hats. 

Mr. Gouge employed five or six men and several appren- 
tices. R. and S. Tweedy did a larger business, employing 
twelve to fifteen men and five or six apprentices. They 
opened a house in Pittsburgh, Pa., and another at Charleston, 
S. C, but the latter was soon relinquished. 

Samuel Hawley, Jr.. who learned his trade of his uncle, 
Nathan Seeley, of Bethel, conducted the business a short 
time on Main street, near Gold. He died young, in 1826. 

George Wade, a former apprentice, bought out Smith 

7o6 History of Stratford. 

Tweedy in 1826, and after two years Mr. Wade sold to Curtis 
Beardsley, and for several years manufactured by himself, 
until 1830, when he purchased the interest of Reuben 
Tweedy, and the firm became Beardsley and Wade. They 
introduced here the manufacture of. silk hats, Gilson Landon 
being an expert in that work. In 1837 Mr. Wade sold to 
Landon and the firm of Beardsley and Landon continued 
until 1841, when the business was given up. 

IPewter Ware manufacturing was among the earliest 
enterprises in Bridgeport, and was conducted on the site of 
the old mill at Old Mill Green. B. and W. Stillman and 
Company, consisting of Benjamin and Wyllys Stillman and 
Capt. Nathan Sherman, bought the old mill site" in 1814 — it 
being then, as it had been many years, without buildings — 
built a mill and engaged in the manufacture of pewter ware, 
such as cups, spoons, plates, and buttons. After a short time 
Mr. Sherman withdrew from the company and there was 
added the making of syringes and other articles of pewter. 
Afterwards wool carding was established, and later, cloth 
dressing, by the Stillman brothers. These were the persons 
who advertised for wool carding in 1818, as seen on page 278, 
except on that page the name is erroneously written Silliman 
instead of Stillman. The cutting of dye woods for market — 
at first by an imported expert — was also added. A then 
well known druggist, William B. Dyer, was the agent for 
their sale. His flaming advertisements of this specialty may 
be found in the local journals of that period. 

Shirt Manufacttire was commenced here in 1836. 
David and Isaac N. Judson, it is supposed, were the first 
parties in the county to make a special business of manufac- 
turing shirts for trade. They had in their clothing store in 
New York a department devoted to shirts. At first a few 
dozen shirts were cut and sent to their sister, Miss Caroline 
Judson, of Old Mill Green, who gave them out to women in 
the vicinity, who made them, laundried, and returned them, 
ready for the salesroom. The business so increased that 

' See map, page 505, No. 88. 

Bridgeport. 707 

Wyllys Stillman became the superintendent in the place of 
Miss Judson, and the work was conducted in the mill building 
at the head of Pembroke Lake, which was used many years as 
a storehouse and laundry.' 

The Rev. Cyrus Silliman, then residing at Green's Farms, 
aided in placing the work in proper hands, at first, in his 
vicinity, and afterwards conducted a separate business, in 
which he traveled through a considerable extent of country. 

Mr. W. M. Stillman, who entered the establishment of 
Messrs. Judson in New York as a boy, early became the 
superintendent of the shirt department, prepared the first 
patterns, cut, sent out, and received the work, and still con- 
tinues in the business, he must be considered a veteran. 

Mr. Thaddeus Barnes came here from New Haven in 
1849 ^"^ commenced the manufacture of shirts for Messrs. 
C. B. Hatch and Company, New York, at number 360 Main 
street. In 1853-4 Mr. Barnes built the original building of 
what is now the Burlock shirt factory, on Golden Hill, 
attracted thither by the springs of excellent soft water for 
laundry purposes. He early introduced the use of the 
Whcclcr and. Wilson sewing machines, and was one of the 
first to apply steam power for running them. Messrs. C. B. 
Hatch and Company took the establishment in 1858, and 
enlarged and run it until 1861. The present proprietors have 
still further enlarged the buildings and perfected the facilities. 

Leatlier has had a place in the industries of this locality 
from the first, but only recently has it assumed any consider- 
able proportions. About 1845 S. J. Patterson commenced 
the manufacture of patent leather in the usual varieties, but 
specially to meet the demands for carriage tops, boots, and 
trimmings. In 1849 ^^ ^^s joined by Stephen Tomlinson 
and formed the Bridgeport Patent Leather Company, which 
was again enlarged in 1866, embracing all the modern im- 
provements. The works are run by a steam engine of twenty- 
five horse power, and in ordinary times they handle and finish 
from twenty to twenty-five thousand hides per annum. The 
present officers are : President, S. J. Patterson ; Treasurer, 
S. J. Patterson ; Secretary, John E. Pond. The capital stock 
is $100,000. 

7o8 History of Stratford. 

Fumittire for home use, consisting at first of plain 
bedsteads, chairs, tables, and sometimes a chest of drawers, 
constituting the "setting out" of almost every young lady, 
was made in the vicinity of Bridgeport from the earliest 
settlement of the place, the same as in other parts of the 
country. High-post bedsteads, and high-back, ornamented 
chairs were indulged in by the more well-to-do families — a 
few enjoyed elegant chairs and court cupboards, brought 
from England. 

This furniture was produced, at first, by the village 
cabinet and chair maker, to which was added, as occasion 
demanded, the invariably one shaped coffin, made of cherry, 
or of white wood, stained red, with a rude plate bearing the 
initials and date, 01^ the same put on the lid in brass headed 

A writing desk is still preserved, which was made for 
Lieut. David Sherman. An apple tree was cut, taken to the 
saw-mill, made into boards, and the cabinet maker trans- 
formed it into a desk of great beauty and strength, for the 
period, and it appears to be good for another hundred years. 

So far as remembered, William H. Peabody was the first 
cabinet maker in Bridgeport. Lemuel Hubbell was the sole 
cabinet maker here for some years, and he had a wind-mill 
for producing power to drive a turning lathe, located on 
Beaver street. Mr, F. W. Parrott learned this trade of Mr. 
Hubbell, and made the first sofa in Bridgeport. 

About sixty years ago, a shop of considerable size was 
built on the west side of Main street, a little south of State, 
and occupied as a chair manufactory, by a New York party 
by the name of Finch, but it was continued only a few years. 
About the same period, William B. Thomas was in the same 
business on Bank street, near the North Church Chapel, and 
the veteran Fenelon Hubbell was his apprentice. Mr. Hub- 
bell, afterwards, joined Mr. F. W. Parrott, and they established 
a shop and salesroom on Main street, where Cannon street now 
enters it. During this time Carlos Curtis had purchased the 
establishment of Mr. Thomas — who removed to Savannah, 
Ga. — and enlarged the business on Bank street. After a time 
Mr. Parrott started anew near his residence on North Wash- 

%/^^ ^<^^^^^f"^ 


Bridgeport. 709 

ington avenue, and Mr. Hubbell soon united with Mr. Carlos 
Curtis, and both establishments led in the manufacture of 
newer styles of goods. Mr. Parrott changed his business* 
some years after, to the making of varnish, and Hubbell and 
Curtis are still a leading firm in the cabinet making business. 
Messrs. Frederick Lockwood and Nathan Buckingham 
commenced business together in 1838, which has grown and 
continues to be a large and important business among the 
enterprises of Bridgeport. 

Nathan Btickinghani was born in Milford, Ct., Dec. 
29, 1813, and learned the trade of a joiner and builder in New 
Haven. He came to Bridgeport in 1834 to follow his trade, 
with Je.ah Stowe, also of Milford; and their business was 
located on Water street until 1840 or '41. At this time, Mr. 
Frederick Lockwood and Nichols Northrop were man- 
ufacturing chairs and light furniture in Mr. Roswell Lewis* 
large store on the wharf, nearly opposite Union street. In 
1842, Mr. Buckingham took the place of Mr. Northrop, and 
the business was continued under the old name. In 1843, 
they established a warcroom on State street, where they were 
burned out in 1845. T^c next year F. Lockwood and Co. put 
up the brick building on Water street, the upper stories of 
which have been used for the furniture business ever since, 
by that company and its successors. In 1853, Mr. Lockwood 
sold his interest to Mr. Burr Curtis, when the firm name was 
changed to Buckingham and Curtis. They continued thus 
until 1857, when the former took the whole business, conduct- 
ing it until 1872, when he took Mr. David Stowe and Mr. Chas. 
B. Buckingham as partners. They gave prominence to 
undertaking, and, associating with them Mr. W. F. Bishop, 
opened a store on Wall street, devoted to this specialty, the 
first of the kind in Bridgeport. A branch house was also 
established in South Norwalk, which, in 1878, was taken by 
Mr. Stowe, and the other partners kept the Bridgeport house, 
which has been continued with great success until the present 
time, under the name of N. Buckingham and Company. Mr. 
Nathan Buckingham died June 16, 1885. He was a member 
of the Common Council in i860 and *6i, and was an active 

7 1 o History of Stratford. 

member of the Board of Trade. At his decease he was pres- 
ident of the Bridgeport Coach Lace Company, also a trustee 
of the City Savings Bank, and a member of the Universalist 
Society. In 1840, he married Mary A., daughter of Abel 
Booth, of Stratford, who survives him with the following 
children: Charles B. Buckingham, Mrs. M. M. Downer, and 
Mrs. J. O. Green, of Cleveland, Ohio. Mr. Charles B. Buck- 
ingham and his brother-in-law, Mr. M. M. Downer, continue 
the business at the store on Water street. 

A Furniture Manufacturing Company was formed as a 
joint stock concern in 1852, which' was run with varying suc- 
cesses for several years, when it came under the control of 
the present enterprising proprietor, Mr. Jacob Kiefer, who 
has made it one of the leading enterprises of the city. 

The work of the undertaker, now frequently a separate 
business from all others, grew out of the trade of cabinet 
making, and has become a very essential part in the fulfillment 
of the first stipulation made in nearly all the wills for two 
hundred years,— "a decent burial." Mr. Frederick W. Par- 
rott built the first hearse that was used in Bridgeport, upon 
the suggestion of his wife, Mrs. Lucelia A. Parrott. He built 
the body with his own hands, purchased the running part of 
a neighboring wagon maker, and Mrs. Parrott made the cloth 

Messrs* George JE. Northnagle and Son, furniture 
makers and merchants. They were engaged some years with 
the Hubbell and Curtis Co., until January i, 1886, when they 
purchased the stand of Kiefer and Company, at 425 Main 
street. They manufacture a general assortment and do a 
retail business, doing their own upholstering, occupying the 
four upper stories of the building. They arc practical work- 
men themselves, and propose to keep up with all the demands 
and enterprises of their line of business. 

Carriage Making became prominent early in the busi- 
ness enterprises of Bridgeport. Previous to 1833, it was 
confined to the modest establishment of Messrs. Carier and 
Porter on Middle street, and Mott and Burr, on Clinton, near 
the corner of North avenue. The late Stephen Tomlinson, 

Bridgeport. 711 

who had been identified with the Middle street establishment, 
and David Augustus Wood, both excellent mechanics, were 
joined by the late Jeremiah Judson, who contributed both 
capital and enterprise to the firm of Tomlinson, Wood and Co. 
They erected a factory on Broad, at what was the head of 
Cannon street, and entered upon what proved to be a very 
successful business. The house maintained a preeminence in 
New York City for many years. 

About 1834, the first steam power was introduced in con- 
nection with the carriage business. David and Ebenezer 
Wheeler set up a James engine, a sugar-loaf boiler, in two 
parts, the top conical in shape, set in a knuckle joint, kept in 
place by its own weight. The power was used for sawing, 
drilling, turning axles and grinding springs, the engine being 
located in the blacksmith shop on the south side of Cannon 
street. This engine also furnished steam for a bathing estab- 
lishment on the north side of Cannon street. 

About the same time, Mott and Burr removed to the 
locality on State street, since occupied by Messrs. Mott and 
Company, enlarged their business, where, with some changes 
of proprietors, they maintained a prominent position to a 
very recent period. 

Several firms of longer or shorter continuance have some- 
time since discontinued or removed, such as: Haight; Hurd, 
Fairchild and Co., North Main street; Burr and Haight; 
George Keeler, on Harrison street; the Union Carriage Co., 
in the pioneer factory in East Bridgeport ; and after them in 
the same building, Brewster and Co., who became very cele- 
brated in the sale of fine carriages in Broome street. New 
York; also Haight and Hubbell, in East Bridgeport. Also 
the Messrs. Nichols, veteran manufacturers of light wagons at 
Nichols Farms, in Trumbull, have a few years since located in 
John street. 

Nicliols, Feck and Co.^8 carriage manufactory was 
established at Nos. 97 and 99 John street. George K. Nichols 
and his brother David S. Nichols were successors to James 
K. Nichols, in manufacturing carriages at Nichols Farms. 
They made coaches and light carriages, chiefly for the South- 
ern States and Texas, making also a specialty in Mexican 

712 History of Stratford. 

coaches. At the commencement of the late rebellion the firm 
met with heavy losses in the Southern trade at their house 
in New York where in Broadway they had kept a depos- 
itory for a few years under the charge of George K, Nichols, 
the senior member of the firm. Soon after this the firm of 
Nichols, Peck and Co. was organized. In 1862, George K. 
Nichols went to Rochester, N. Y., remaining through the 
war and sometime after in charge of a depository which the 
firm had in that city. About that time they received large 
orders from Australia, and did a lucrative trade with that 
market, some years. 

In 1873, the buildings on the old Nichols estate at Nichols 
Farms were abandoned, the manufacturing having been all 
removed to the present commodious place of business in 
Bridgeport ; their principal building in John street being 
sixty feet square, four stories in height, where now between 
twenty and thirty men are employed. Mr. James K. Nichols 
died in 1883, since which time the business has been princi- 
pally owned and managed by Mr. George K. Nichols, assisted 
by Mr. Charles W. Blakeman. The firm of Nichols, Peck and 
Co. has established a well-earned reputation and enjoy the 
confidence and esteem of their fellow citizens. 

Saddlery was a very important element in the earlier 
growth and prosperity of Bridgeport ; indeed, for almost half 
a century its relative importance as compared with the size 
of the place, at the time, was fully equal to that of the sewing 
machine interest, for the last twenty years. Substantial for- 
tunes were realized by proprietors, and among the employed, 
the liberal earnings and arrangement for savings, numerous 
independent happy homes were secured, 

WiUiam JPeet, one of the early settlers in Bridgeport, 
was a tanner and saddle maker. His dwelling was on State 
street, on the site of the present post office, and his tannery 
was on Broad street, west side, between John and Cannon 
streets. He probably established this tannery before the 
year 1800, for Sheldon Smith of Derby, born March, 1791, 
was placed as an apprentice with Mr. Peet in 1805, to learn 
saddle and harness making, and soon after his majority Mr, 
Peet took him as a partner under the firm name of Peet and 

Bridgeport. 713 

Smith. The manufacturing was conducted in the second 
story of the new block near Mr, Peet's residence, and sup- 
plied little more than the local demand. 

William Wright, a native of Clarksville, N. Y., was 
a practical saddler, having learned his trade of his uncle, 
Anson G. Phelps, of Hartford. He had been employed at 
Middletown, Conn., and about 1814 had visited Charles- 
ton, S. C, by a vessel sent out from Middletown to that 
port with an assorted cargo of which saddlery formed a part. 
On his return, he came from New York to Bridgeport, and 
meeting Sheldon Smith opened the subject of establishing a 
distinctive saddlery business at Charleston, although the 
Smiths of Hartford were already there. Neither had the 
needed capital, but they applied to Mr. Peet who consented 
to assist them. A small stock of goods was made and in the 
fall sent to Charleston. On landing his goods Mr. Wright 
opened a store on Meeting street and placed over the door 
the name of Peet, Smith and Company. Many of his cus- 
tomers called him Peet Smith, and thought that was his 
name.' Mr. Wright sold his stock at good prices long before 
the season was over, but in the unsettled state of the country 
he could make no remittances, and Mr. Peet declined sending 
more goods, without receiving returns for those already sent. 

In the spring Mr. Wright came to Bridgeport and made 
report, which gave entire satisfaction to his partners, and 
after that they never hesitated to send « him all the goods he 
needed. On September 2, 1819, he married Minerva, one of 
the four daughters of Mr. Peet. The business of the firm 
prospered, and soon the profits satisfied Mr. Peet's moderate 
ambition and he retired from the firm in the year 1816. The 
firm then of Smith and Wright established themselves in a 
store on the wharf at the end of the Bridgeport Bridge, and 
they gradually enlarged their operations. 

Hanford Lyon, a native of Weston, Conn., had been ap- 
prenticed to Elijah Saniord, of Danbury, and by the receipts 
of money for overwork at the age of twenty years, purchased 
the last year of his time, and, having some money left, came 

' One of his customers, seeing Mr. Wright write the name Peet, Smith & Co., 
on the bill, blurted out *' What do you spell your name that way for ? Why don't 
you write it out Pe-ter Smith." 


History of Stratford. 

to Bridgeport and commenced the saddlery business, in the 
second story of the new block, corner of State and Main sts. 
He was joined by Lemuel Coleman and perhaps others, and 
Mr. Coleman soon followed Mr. Wright to Charleston, S. C. 
More capital was needed, and the Fairchild Brothers, of 
Trumbull, who were successful manufacturers of saddle 
trees, joined Mr. Lyon. The Fairchilds owned two stores 
on the east side of Water street near the foot of Wall, and 
into one of these the firm of Fairchild, Lyon and Co. re- 
moved,* and under this firm name in Charleston made a vig- 
orous fight against Smith and Wright for the business of that 

In this opposition neither firm made money and, there- 
fore, on March 20, 1821, a compromise was effected by which 
Smith and Wright were to remove their manufactory to 
Newark, N. J., taking Savannah and Augusta, Ga., Mobile 
and New Orleans as their market, while Fairchild, Lyon and 
Co. were to remain at Bridgeport, and hold Charleston as 
their market, which was ample for all the goods they could 

Some attention was given to local trade, as seen from the 
following fac-simile cut and copied advertisement, taken from 
the " Republican Farmer" of September 25, 1822 : 

"FaircJtildf Lyon and Co., 

Have for sale, cheap for cash or 
short approved credit, a general 
assortment of Saddles, Bridles, 
Harnesses, Trunks, Valleces, Pon- 
manteaus, Whips, Spurs, Holsters, 
*^-^ Caps, Saddlery Ware, Sec. They 
"""N^ also manufacture Cotton Web ; and 
A^ will furnish saddles with that arti- 
cle very low. 

* In ihe Euminer of tStS Barak T. Nichols, a native at Greenfield. cDgiged as 
an appientice to Fairchild, Lyon and Co.. doing chores in the old store now 
Elanding just below the south line of Wall street. Mr. Nichols, while In his 
prime, just before Ihc late war, Kllcd a large place In the saddlery business In 
Augusta, Ga., and at Newark, N. J. He is still living in North Bridgeport. 

* In 1830 Mr. Souihmayd, of Middlctown, Tailed, and quite a nntnber of jour- 
neymen and apprentices came from that manufactory to Biidgeporl, among whom 
were Chauncey Ward. James F. Banks, and William Wright, Jr. 

Bridgeport. 715 

"Cash paid for common Bark and Hemlock Tanned Sheep- 
skins, and Cattle's Hair, at the store, west'end the Bridge. Bridge- 
port, May 21, 1822." 

About 1828 the Fairchilds retired from the saddlery busi- 
ness and the firm was changed to Lyon, Wright and Co., at 
Bridgeport, and Coleman, Wright and Co., at Charleston; 
Mr. Wright retaining only a fractional interest, which was 
represented by Mr. H. K. Harral, who subsequently acquired 
Mr. Wright's interest and more, but Mr. Wright's name was 
retained for its prestige until 1837, when Smith and Wright, 
though financially sound, were forced to suspend payment 
temporarily, and the name of Harral was substituted for 
Wright. A short time brought in remittances, which set 
the Newark house right and their prosperity was scarcely 
checked by their suspension. 

JBTenrj/ JBT. SarraZ, at the age of fourteen, left the house 
of his father, Doct. George Harral, in Rochester, N, Y., to 
seek his fortune in New York City, where he obtained em- 
ployment and developed a noticeable business talent, which 
chanced to meet the quick eye of William Wright, who pro- 
posed to him to go out to Charleston and learn his business. 
To this Mr. Harral consented and proved a very valuable 
acquisition. He is said to have been one of the most success- 
ful salesmen and collectors ever engaged in the southern 
trade. He subsequently married Sarah Ann, the youngest 
daughter of William Peet, and was prominent in the finan- 
cial, municipal, political, and social circles of Bridgeport and 
Connecticut. In 1840 he purchased the home of the Rev, 
John Blatchford, D.D., on Golden Hill, and the native walnut 
grove adjoining, and in 1848 and 9 removed the old dwelling 
house, improved the grounds, and erected the large dwelling 
now owned and occupied by the Hon. Nathaniel Wheeler. 
He possessed an active and nervous temperament, and appar- 
ently a strong constitution, but in 1853 ^ chronic bronchial 
trouble became strongly developed, which he sought to 
alleviate by a winter's residence at Aiken, S. C. In this he 
and his friends were disappointed, for he died at Augusta, 
Ga., in the spring of 1854, aged 46 years. 

7 1 6 History of Stratford. 

JPhUo C. Calliaun, a native of Danbury, Conn., was 
apprenticed to Lyon, Wright and Company in 1826. The 
workman's ledger of the firm shows an entry of ten dollars 
credit to B. T. Nichols for instructing Philo C. Calhoun on 
harness. This used to be referred to as a curiosity when 
these gentlemen were at the head of their respective firms 
and filling a large place in business circles. He was of rather 
delicate health and the exposures in his work threatened to 
permanently impair his health. On this account and good 
qualities he was placed in the store at Charleston, where he 
spent a number of years associated with H. K. Harral, who 
had become the leading manager of that house. In 1835 or 6 
Mr. Lyon called Mr. Calhoun to his aid in Bridgeport, giving 
him a small interest in the profits. 

In 1838 changes were made and the firm became Lyqn, 
Calhoun and Company, consisting of Hanford. Lyon, P. C. 
Calhoun, H. K. Harral, and Willys Lyon, a relative of Han- 
ford Lyon, who for a number of years had been bookkeeper 
for the firm. In Charleston, Mr. Coleman having retired, the 
firm became Harral, Hare and Co., Robert W. Hare, a native 
of Philadelphia, and William Harral, brother of H. K. Harral, 
becoming associated. In June, 1843, H. K. Harral purchased 
the entire interest of Hanford Lyon and the latter retired 
from active business with a handsome fortune, which by skill- 
ful management was further augmented, and at his decease he 

was the largest tax payer in Bridgeport. 


Sanford Lyon was born in the town of Easton, Conn., 
in Rock House district, and was the son of Nathaniel Webb 
Lyon. His family was noted for its longevity. His father 
attained nearly loi years ; his brother David 96 years ; Sam- 
uel, 93; Levi, 90; and Walker, 81. His youngest brother, 
Jarvis, died at the age of 56. Hanford was the youngest but 
one in the family of nine children. He worked on his father's 
farm, attended the public school in winter, until he was four- 
teen years of age, when he was apprenticed at Danbury, and 
then passed through the business career as represented in the 
preceding pages concerning the saddlery business. 

Mr. Lyon was twice married. His first wife was Hettie 

Bridgeport. 717 

Ann Thompson, of Stratford, sister of the late Joseph and 
John M. Thompson, Their children were two sons: Freder- 
ick H., who married Bessie Hawley ; William, who is unmar- 
ried; and three daughters: Sarah J., who married Judge 
Edward I. Sanford, of New Haven ; Josie, married Henry T, 
Shelton ; and Adelaide. 

His second wife was Annie Mackey Frye, daughter of 
Daniel M. and Ann Butler Frye, of New York City, and 
sister of the late Major Frederick Frye. Mr. Lyon left the 
following children by this marriage, who, with their mother, 
survive him: Edward H., who married Jessie, daughter of 
Doct, D. H. Porter; Frank C, who married Ida, daughter of 
Mrs. C. M. Mitchell, of Brooklyn, N. Y.; Charles G. ; and 
Alice C, who married Col. Thomas L. Watson, of Bridgeport 
and New York. 

Mr. Lyon was a member of the first Congregational 
society from his early manhood, and united with the church 
in 1858, in which he was held in high esteem. Self-educated 
and thoroughly furnished by a large and active business 
experience, with capabilities equal to almost any position, he 
was yet unassuming and did not seek public office or distinc- 
tion. He belonged to the old whig party during its day, but 
afterwards became a strong republican and supporter of the 
union cause in the late war. He was a member of the Com- 
mon Council of the city in the years 1837, '42. *44> *4S and '48, 
a portion of the time as alderman. He was a director of the 
Connecticut Bank; director and president of the old Bridge- 
port Bank; director of the Pcquonnock Bank; first president 
ol the City Savings Bank ; director and president of the City 
Gas Light Company ; and was also a valued member of other 
important public and private institutions. He died Decem- 
ber 21, 1879. 

In 1843 ^'^^' Harral retired from the management of the 
Charleston house, making Bridgeport his only residence, and 
with P. C. Calhoun devoted himself to the Bridgeport busi- 
ness. Before the first year of the new firm had passed addi- 
tional help was needed and they employed Mr. Rowland B. 
Lacey, whose successful management of the business of the 
Housatonic Railroad at Bridgeport — which at that time 

7i8 History of Stratford. 

meant a large part of the business of the road — in close prox- 
imity to their saddlery, secured an assuring business acquaint- 
ance, and he entered their establishment in March, 1844. The 
firm of Harral and Calhoun was continued ten years, until 
June I, 1853, when Mr. Lacey became a partner, and it was 
made Harral, Calhoun and Company. 

, Railroads, at this time, began to add to the facilities of 
transportation and prosperity in business enterprises. In 
1845 ^^ company opened a salesroom at 309 Pearl street. 
New York, with Francis Harral, the youngest brother of 
H. K. Harral, as manager, and in 1847-8 an arrangement was 
made with Samuel E. SprouUs, who had much experience in 
the southern trade in the firm of Rankin, Sproulls and Co., 
hatters, of Charleston, S. C, to join the company, and the 
business was removed to the fine store numbers 119, 121 
William street, under the name of Harral, Sproulls and Co. 
In 1852 the business was removed to 24 Chambers street. 

In 1847 occurred the Mexican War, in which the United 
States acquired the territory of Texas, which opened a new 
market and called for new styles of goods. 

In 1845 Isaac Sherman, Jr., was furnished with a stock of 
saddlery goods by this company to try the St. Louis market. 
These he readily disposed of, and the next year an arrange- 
ment was made, under the firm name of Harral, Sherman and 
Co., for the sale of saddlery in St. Louis, Mo. In- 1847 ^he 
cholera appeared in St. Louis and Mr. Sherman started for 
home, but died with that disease at Rockford, 111. The 
vacancy was filled by Edward J. Sterling, a brother-in-law 
of Mr. Calhoun. The firm later manufactured extensively in 
St. Louis, as some kinds of stock and labor were cheaper there. 
In 1858 their connection with the Bridgeport house ceased. 

Mr. Harral died in 1854, but the company name and its 
business continued until June, 1858, when the firms were 
reorganized and became Calhoun, Lacy and Company, com- 
posed of P. C. Calhoun, R. B. Lacey, Henry T. Shelton, and 
George H. Meeker, at Bridgeport; Sproulls, Meeker and 
Company, composed of Samuel E. Sproulls, John B. Meeker, 
J. B. Hoover, and Samuel R. Lang, in New York; Calhoun 
and Lacey only retaining an interest in the Charleston house. 

Bridgeport. 719 

In 1853 the old building at the west end of the Bridgeport 
bridge, which had been used as a saddle factory from 1816, 
became insufficient, and the firm purchased the property on 
the corner of Fairfield avenue and Middle street, now owned 
by the Read Carpet company. This property had been im- 
proved by a Malleable Iron company, which produced mainly 
saddlery hardware, but had been burned out. These ruins 
were rebuilt as far as necessary, and fitted up in good style, 
and the business prospered until the commencement of the 
late war. 

At the opening of the war their southern trade was 
broken up and they sustained great losses on it, but they 
soon entered upon extensive production of army goods on 
orders from the United States government, and thereby 
retrieved a portion of their losses. On the opening of the 
south at the close of the war a fevv of the old customers made 
honorable settlements. In 1863 the partnership changed, Mr, 
Calhoun and Mr. Sproulls retiring, and the firm of Lacey, 
Meeker and Company continuing the business about five years 

The sketch of this business thus far is an outline of only 
one firm, the original house from which sprang others of more 
or less note. 

Selh JS. Jozies and Co., saddlery makers. Seth B. 
Jones was born in Ridgefield, Conn., December 25, 1798, and 

was apprenticed to Northrop, one of the saddlers who 

worked on the corner of Main and State streets. Hanford 
Lyon and Joshua Lord worked there at the same time. Mr. 
Jones was ambitious and economical, and was able, from the 
avails of over work, to purchase of his employer the latter 
portion of his time, and commenced business for himself in 
1820. He opened a store in Savannah, Ga., H. Cassady being 
his salesman and manager. When he was twenty-five years 
of age he had accumulated the sum of $25,000. In 1835 Noah 
B. Knapp, a native of Danbury, took charge of the business 
in Savannah, and the firm was N. B. Knapp and Company, 
His factory was the old brick house of Capt. David Hawley 
at the corner of Water and Union streets, and continued there 
until Mr. Jones retired in 1847, after a very successful business 

720 History of Stratford. 

career. The late Dea. Henry Higby was cutter and foreman 
in this factory for many years, and such men as Joshua Lord, * 
William Wright, Jr., Edwin B. Gregory, Alexander S. Gor- 
ham, were journeymen saddlers. It was the arena for the 
warm discussion of high theological themes. Munson Wade 
and the late Samuel Grumman, J. B. Barnum and Daniel W. 
Hawley were among the younger apprentices. The old shop 
was taken down in 1847 for the erection by Mr. Jones of the 
brick block on Water street north of Union, and the little 
manufacturing continued by N. B. Knapp and Co. was con- 
ducted in a loft on the east side of Water street at the foot of 
Bank street, Mr. Knapp being supplied with most of the 
saddles he needed by Harral, Calhoun and Co., at a small 
advance from cost. In 1853 Mr. Higby gave up his position 
as manufacturer for Mr. Knapp and a local business was 
continued by Barnum and Grumman, later by Grumman and 
Wilson. The present firm of Wilson and Doremus, at num- 
ber 391 Water street, is the local representative, or successor, 
of the firm of S. B. Jones and Company. 

JT. and i. Sherman constituted another company. 
Isaac and Levi Sherman were sons of Capt. Sterling Sher- 
man, whose home was in the house still standing at the 
northeast corner of Park and Fairfield avenues. They were 
apprentices to Smith and Wright, and finished up with Fair- 
child, Lyon and Co., after the removal of the former firm to 
Newark, which occurred March 20, 1821. They commenced 
the saddlery business in 1826 on the east side of Water street 
(up stairs), now number 400 Water street, and had a branch 
in Columbia, S. C. Silvanus Sterling went out to Columbia 
and assisted them in the early years of the business. Levi 
Sherman continued in the charge of the branch until about 
1840, and they were very successful for many years. 

Isaac Sherman, Jr., became embarrassed by some outside 
operations in 1837, and the factory here was given up. The 
health of Levi failed and the Columbia business was sold to 

Linus F. Hopson and Sutphen. Hopson was a cousin 

of the Shermans, and served his apprenticeship in their 
factory in Bridgeport. Hopson and Sutphen manufactured 
some goods in Columbia, but purchased saddles largely of 

Bridgeport. 72 1 

Harral, Calhoun and Co., in the busy years before the war. 
They still survive — one of the few old landmarks. 

Tievi Hawleyf a Bridgeport boy, an apprentice of Smith 
and Wright, and Fairchild, Lyon and Co., finished up •* his 
time" July 15, 1826, with a credit for overwork of $670, after 
deducting over $500 of cash drawn during his apprenticeship. 

About 1830 he started business for himself in Columbia, 
S. C, which he successfully pursued in his quiet way until 
about i860, when he retired to Asheville, N. C. 

Chauncey Ward and Joshua Lord went to Savannah and 
opened a saddlery store in 1834. Mr. Lord remained but 
one year. Mr. Ward continued about twelve years, and 
conducting a branch store in Tallahassee, Fla., in connection 
with Charles P. May, latter part of the time Charles Will's 
assistant. In 1845 ^^^ Tallahassee store was burned. This, 
with other losses, so crippled Mr. Ward that he sold his 
Savannah store to Wade, May and Company, and changed 
his business. 

Watle^ Crosby and Co., were another firm of saddlers. 
William Wade, Joseph F. Crosby, William H. May, were all 
apprentices of Fairchild, Lyon ai\d Co., and Lyon, Wright 
and Co. They commenced manufacturing in Bridgeport 
under the above firm name in 1835. They were located on 
the second floor of J. Mott and Co's carriage building, front- 
ing State street. J. F. Crosby was the manager of the factory, 
with branches at Savannah and Columbus, Ga. William H. 
May was business manager at Savannah, and Hiram Middle- 
brook at Columbus. When L and L. Sherman gave up busi- 
ness at what is now number 400 Water street, William H. 
Bissell, a well known harness maker, continued a local busi- 
ness in the premises. In 1842 Wade, Crosby and Co. moved 
their factory to this building, and Mr. Bissell took charge of 
their harness department, and held it a number of years. 

In 1848 Eli Thompson joined the firm and they moved 
their factory to the brick building on the south side of the 
west approach to the Bridgeport bridge, and the firm name 
was Thompson, May and Co. in Bridgeport for seven or eight 
years, and was very successful. They opened a house in New 

722 History of Stratford. 

York, with William Morrison (a Lyon, Wright and Co. ap- 
prentice), as business manager, under the firm name of Wade, 
Morrisonand Co., and occupied stores successively on Maiden 
Lane, Pearl street, and number 35 Chambers street. William 
Morrison had previously been in the same business in Talla- 
hassee, Fla., succeeding Ward and May, 

Most of the persons mentioned in connection with the 
saddlery business were practical mechanics, having learned 
the trade from beginning to end. In addition thereto the 
following names are extracted from the list of early appren- 
tices of Smith and Wright, and Fairchild, Lyon and Company, 
and their successors in Bridgeport, with brief notices of their 
business career, all illustrating the qualities of the young men 
of that period. 

The figures at the left hand margin denote the year in 
which each attained the age of twenty-one years.* 

182 1. Edwin Van Antwerpt — A member of the Smith and Wright house in Au- 
gusta, Ga., and Newark, N. J. 

1823. Barak T. Nichols— Ditto, and purchased the interest of E. Van Antwerpt, 
first in Augusta and afterwards in Newark and became the head of the firm there. 

182 1. Joshua Lord — Worked as a Journeyman in Bridgeport, became a leading 
citizen, justice of peace, and county commissioner. 

1822. Levi Wordin — Journeyman in Bridgeport ; was a citizen of large means, a 
director in the Bridgeport bank. Erected a fine house at northeast corner 
of Park avenue and State street. a 

1823. Nathaniel P. Crosby — Journeyman in Bridgeport ; very expert. 

1823. William Wright, 2d — Journeyman in Bridgeport; an intelligent, good citi- 
zen, and a valued member of the second Congregational church. 

1824. Peter Vandervort — From a Dutch family in New York. Lived and died 
in Newark, N. J. 

1824. Chauncey Ward — In saddlery business in Savannah, Ga., 1834-1846, with 
a branch in Tallahassee, Fla.; sold out to Wade, Crosby and Co. In clothing 
business in Macon, Ga., and Galena, 111. In Bridgeport since 1850. 

1827. Fitch Smith — Brother of Sheldon Smith ; native of Derby. He was con- 
nected with Smith and Wright's factory some years. Early and prominently 
connected with the development of Birmingham. 

. Eliud Fairchild — Became a well known landlord, first at Westport, later at 

the Sterling hotel and the Stanley house in Bridgeport. 

1829. Ezra Goodsell — Son of Joel, a veteran saddler. He was efficient and use- 
ful as foreman at Smith and Wright's and J. E. Condit's factories in Newark, 
and for a short time in Bridgeport. 

^ These names are taken from the original book opened by Fairchild, Lyon 
and Company, March 20, 1821, to which were transferred the account of such 
apprentices as they took from Smith and Wright, on the removal of that firm to 
Newark, N. J. 

Bridgeport. 723 

1827. Sheldon Curtis — ^Journeyman in Bridgeport; a good, reliable workman, 
later a farmer in Trumbull. 

. Willys Lord — Brother of Joshua ; began study in preparation for college 

before he was " out of his time." Graduated at Williamstown, Mass. Pastor 
in New Hartford, Ct.. Providence, R. I., Philadelphia, Fairfield, Ct., and 
Brooklyn, N. Y.; president of Theological Seminary, Chicago; Wooster 
College, Wooster, Ohio, until sight failed ; survives and preaches occasionally 
in the west. 

1829. S. S. Jarvis — Has followed successively druggist, hardware and shoe busi- 
ness in Bridgeport. 

1829. Philo A. Gregory — A journeyman saddler and foreman, and inspector in 
the factory of Lyon, Calhoun and Co., and their successors up to 1868. An 
excellent man and a good citizen. 

1829. Charles B. Middlebrook — Clerk steamer Nimrod, wholesale grocer, trying 
justice on Staten Island, N. Y. 

1835. Isaac O. Pettitt — Saddlery and harness business in New Milford and 

1836. Henry M. Smith — Journeyman in Bridgeport ; later an extensive manufact- 
urer in New Haven, Ct. 

1838. David Jennings — Wholesale saddler}', Condict, Jennings and Co., Charles- 
ton, S. C. I ' 

1839. Amos Higgins — Bridgeport ; farmer. 

1839. Charles Waterbury — Superintendent Naugatuck Railroad. 

1841. Benjamin Stevens — A leading workman with Smith and Co., Hartford, Ct 
1841. Baltus M. Scgee — In business in Philadelphia and vicinity. 
X842. Edwin H. Wells — ^Journeyman and later manufacturer ii^ Bridgeport. 
1841. Chester Russell — Forty years a leading grocer and baket in Bridgeport. 
1841. Charles Rockwell — Clerk on steamboat; general freight agent of N. Y., 

N. H., and Consolidated Railroads. 
. William B. Swan — Saddlery and harness in Norwalk, Ct. 

1840. Charles Wells — In Tallahassee, Fla., a time ; journeyman in Bridgeport; 
teacher and leader of vocal music in choirs and in the public schools of 

1846. Frank H. Stevens — Restaurant keeper, Bridgeport. 

8. JPl Hurd and Company. — In 1850 a special firm 
was made for business in California, consisting of S. F. Hurd, 
Joseph F. Crosby, Eli Thompson, and Alexander Hamilton, 
in Bridgeport, and Thomas Ferris and Thomas Holman, in 
San Francisco, Cal. This arrangement continued but four or 
five years and was very successful, dividing at the close 
$200,000, the four Bridgeport parties taking one half the 
sum and Ferris and Holman the other half. On the retire- 
ment of Mr. Thompson the firm, with the branches, em- 
braced Joseph F. Crosby and Sylvester S. May, Bridgeport, 
William Morrison and S. Henry Hurd, New York, William 

724 History of Stratford. 

H. May» Savannah, Ga.» and Hiram Middlebrook, Columbus, 
Ga. Mr. Hurd purchased the school building on State 
street, now numbers 200^ 202, and the manufacturing has 
since been done there, latterly by Robert D. Bissett and 
Edwin H. Wells, and said Wells and Wilson French, both the 
latter were former apprentices and journeymen in the old 
house of Lyon, Calhoun and Co. and their successors. The 
firm name in New York continued to be Morrison, Hurd and 
Co. to 1864, then Morrison, Miller and Co., and at this writ- 
ing is Miller, Morrison and Co. 

The Wheeler and WUaa^i Manufachiring Citmi- 
pany" is one of the largest industries within the city of 
Bridgeport, and probably the most celebrated. 

Between 1830 and 1850 several patents for sewing ma- 
chines were granted in England and the United States, but 
none of them fully covered the idea of a practical sewing 
machine. The first patent for such a machine was granted 
November 12, 1850, to Allen B. Wilson, of Pittsficld, Mass. 

AUen B. Wilson was born in Willett, Cortland Co., 
N. Y., October 18, 1824. His father was a mill-wright and 
was killed by accident while putting in a water-wheel. He 
left a wife, one son and two daughters. The son, Allen B., 
was indentured, at eleven years of age, to a farmer, remaining 
only a year, but he continued to work on a farm until sixteen 
years of age, also improving much time in a blacksmith shop, 
learning the trade, when he was apprenticed to a cabinet 
maker in the town of Cincinnatus in the same county. This 
place he soon left, for cause, and obtained work as a black- 
smith, and continued at it until early in 1847, when he was at 
Adrian, Mich., as a journeyman, where he conceived the idea 
of a sewing machine, having never heard of one, and settled 
in his own mind the devices and adjustments to accomplish the 

The earliest sewing machine of which there is record 
was that of Thomas Saint, patented in England in 1790, but it 
was not introduced into practical use. In 1830 Bartholomy 

^ This sketch is taken largely from the " History of Manufactures of New 

Bridgeport, 725 

Thimonnier patented in France a machine of which, in 1841, 
he had eighty at work in Paris, on army clothing. Like the 
loom of Jaquard and the spinning-jenny of Hargreaves, they 
were destroyed by a mob; but in 1848 he had another set of 
machines at work in Paris, sewing and embroidering, but 
these were also destroyed, and their enterprising inventor 
gave up in despair. In 1841 Newton and Archbold secured 
a patent in England for a sewing machine differing but little 
from that of Saint, except in the needle's eye. Then, about 
1832, Walter Hunt, of New York, made a sewing machine, 
but did not perfect it so as to bring it into use. In 1854, after 
the sewing machine with Hunt's own device, in the hands of 
Singer and others had become a success, he applied for a 
patent, with abundant proofs of his claim that he had used 
both the eye-pointed needle and the shuttle some years before. 

Elias Howe, Jr., began his experiments in 1843. In May, 
1843, h^ h^<^ ^ machine at work which was patented Septem- 
ber 10, 1846, but this machine, besides several defects, could 
sew only a straight seam. 

John Bachelor, of Boston, Mass., patented, May 8, 1849, 
an improvement on previous machines, but liable, in part, to 
the same objections as others. Mr. Bachelor devised the Rrst 
automatic, continuous feed, and, as involving this principle, 
the patent was renewed on its expiration in 1863, and again in 
1870, by special act of Congress. Mr. Howe constructed four 
machines, but did not succeed in introducing them into actual 
use. The machine now bearing his name was not patented 
until 1857, some six years after Wheeler and Wilson had made 
their machine a success. 

Mr. Allen B. Wilson devised his first machine, as has 
been said, in 1847. H^ became ill, and was not able to work 
at his trade until August, 1848, when he obtained employment 
at Pittsfield, Mass., and then resolved to develop the idea of 
a sewing machine. By November he had made full drawings 
of all the parts of the machine, according to his previous con- 
ceptions. The firm, Barnes and Goodrich, which he was then 
engaged with, dissolved in February, 1859, ^"d Mr. Wilson 
remained with Amos Barnes, who continued the business, 
with the privilege of working evenings for himself in the 


726 • History of Stratford. 

shop. On the evening of the 3d of February, the first day of 
his engagement with Mr. Barnes, he began the construction 
of his first noachine, which he completed about the first of 
April. With it he made dress waists and other articles 
requiring fine sewing, with straight or curved seams; and it 
was exhibited to several persons, who were pleased with its 


The first problem for Mr. Wilson was, what kind of stitch 
to make, and the next, how to make it. The stitch needed 
the use of the least possible quantity of thread, and a non- 
liability of the seam to rip. He arrived at the same conclu- 
sion as Walter Hunt and Elias Howe, that both of these 
conditions could best be met by the lock-stitch, made by 
two threads crossing each other within the two layers of 
cloth, and presenting the same appearance on both sides of 
it. The chain-stitch would take one-half more thread, and 
should the thread break at any point, the whole seam might 
ravel out. Mr. Wilson believed that such a lock-stitch could 
be made if a loop could be formed by one thread on one side 
of the cloth, and another thread could be passed singly 
through it. Then, by some proper device for tension, the 
two threads could be drawn tight, so as to present the same 
appearance on both sides of the cloth. For this, enough ot 
the looping thread must be pushed through the cloth to form 
a loop. It did not require much mechanical ingenuity to 
conceive of the needle, with an eye in the point at the end of 
some reciprocating mechanism, to push the needle nearly 
through the cloth, carrying the thread with it, and then to 
withdraw the needle, leaving enough of the thread behind to 
form the loop. Mr. Wilson's idea of the shuttle was an im- 
provement on that of Hunt or Howe, in that, as it was pointed 
at both ends, it would make a stitch in its motion both ways, 
so that to make the same number of stitches his shuttle would 
need to travel only half as fasti The next point was to devise 
* a feed-motion so far automatic as to secure a uniform length 
of stitch, which could not be effected by a mere guidance 
with the hand. It was also provided for crooked, or curved, 
as well as straight seams, and such seams that a sharp angle 
could be made, if necessary. Mr, Wilson's first device was 

Bridgeport. 727 

that known as the " two-motion feed," to distinguish it from 
his subsequent, more eficctive device, the ** four- motion feed." 
The two-motion feed consisted of a horizontal reciprocating, 
toothed surface, the inclination of the teeth being forward, 
always in contact with the material, and while the needle 
was in the material moving back to a new stroke. This feed 
proved usually effective, and thousands of machines having 
this device were sold. In this feed device Mr. Wilson solved 
the problem, not of making a machine which would sew after 
a certain fashion, but the first one which was fully adapted to 
the necessities of every household, and a saver of time and 
labor in many kinds of manufacturing. 

In May, 1849, having removed to North Adams, Mass., 
he built a second machine on the same principle, but of 
better workmanship. He finally induced Joseph N. Chapin, 
of North Adams, to purchase one-half of the invention for 
two hundred dollars, and with this money he secured a pat- 
ent, November 12, 1850. While his application was pending, 
he received notice from parties owning an interest in a 
machine ])atcntcd by John A. Bradshaw, of Lowell, Mass., 
November 28, 1848, that Bradshaw*s patent covered the 
double pointed shuttle which he claimed in his application, 
and that they should oppose an issue of a patent to him. 
Two of these parties were A. P. Kline and Edward Lee, of 
New York. A compromise was made, by which Mr. Wilson 
conveyed to them one-half of the patent. Mr. Wilson was 
associated with Kline and Lee for about two months before 
the issue of the patent, arranging to go into the manufacture 
and sale of the machines; but becoming dissatisfied with this 
arrangement on the 25th of November he sold to Kline and 
Lee all his interest in the patent, except the right for New 
Jersey, and that to sew leather in Massachusetts, for $2,000. 
This sum, however, was never paid to him. Before the end 
of the year he was introduced to Nathaniel Wheeler, with 
whose name his own has been associated more than a quarter 
of a century, as identified with one of the most extensive 
industries of New England. 

Natlianiel Wlieeler was born in Watertown, Conn., 
September 7, 1820. His father was a carriage manufacturer, 

728 History of Stratford. 

and the son learned the trade. He was at first employed 
chiefly in the ornamental parts of the work, and afterwards 
had the entire charge of the business, his father owning and 
conducting a farm. On attaining his majority Nathaniel took 
the business on his own account and conducted it about five 
years. At that time the manufacture of buttons and other 
articles of metallic ware had become an important industry 
in the adjoining town of Waterbury, and he decided to engage 
in it. Beginning with implements and tools involving only 
hand labor, he soon introduced machinery of various kinds. 
Among other articles, he made polished steel slides, for ladies. 
These had before been imported from Europe, and Mr. 
Wheeler was among the first in this country to engage in 
making them. The price was at first eight dollars per g^ss^ 
but was finally reduced to twenty-five cents per gross, at 
which low price, by his improvements in machinery and 
methods, he was able to make a profit. Other articles of 
his manufacture were buckles and slides for hat bands. 
These were also made, in the same town, by Messrs. Warren 
and Woodruflf. This firm was interested in the Warren and 
Newton Manufacturing Company, engaged in the neighbor- 
ing village of Oakville, in the manufacture of suspenders. 
Warren and Woodruff joined both their interests with that of 
Mr. Wheeler in 1848, and a partnership was formed, under 
the name of Warren, Wheeler and Woodruff, and a new 
building was erected for the business, of which Mr. Wheeler 
taking the whole charge, it was soon placed on a footing of 
substantial success. 

On one of his business trips to New York he heard of the 
Wilson sewing machine, which was then exhibited in a room 
in the old "Sun" building, 128 Fullon street. He examined 
it, saw its possibilities, and at once contracted with E. Lee 
and Company to make five hundred of the machines. He 
also engaged Mr. Wilson to go with him to Watertown to 
perfect the machine and superintend its manufacture. 

Their relations with Lee and Company soon ceased, and 
within a short time Mr. Wilson substituted for the shuttle the 
rotary hook and bobbin, now so well known. He had made 
in New York a model of a machine with this new device, and 

Bridgeport. 729 

had carried it with him to Watertown, and now showed it to 
Mr. Wheeler, who highly approved of it. Mr. Wilson now 
labored to perfect the new machine, with the substitution 
referred to, and secured the patent for it August 12, 185 1. 
On the same date Isaac M. Singer received his first patent on 
the machine which has since been so formidable a competitor 
to the Wheeler and Wilson machine. The main features of 
Mr. Singer's machine were, that the needle was straight, 
moving vertically at the end of a stationary arm, and that the 
feed was by means of a roughened wheel, which, it was 
claimed, was an improvement on Wilson's two-motion feed, 
since it had no backward movement while in contact with the 
cloth. It had, however, the defect of touching the cloth only 
at a very small portion of its periphery. It was inferior to 
the later four-motion feed of Mr. Wilson. This wheel-feed of 
Singer was, moreover, an infringement on Wilson's patent of 
1850. The principle of the automatic feed, covered by that 
patent, was the including between a roughened surface on 
the under side and a smooth surface on the upper side, so 
that the cloth would be held in place while the needle was 
carrying the thread through it, and, on the withdrawing the 
needle, would be pushed forward the length of a stitch, at the 
same time permitting the cloth to be turned in either direc- 
tion, to form a curve or angle in the seam. 

Messrs. Warren, Wheeler, Woodruff and Wilson now 
formed a new copartnership, under the name of Wheeler, 
Wilson and Co., and began the new machines under the new 
patent. This patent was for the combination of a rotary 
hook, which extended or opened more widely the loop of 
the needle thread, with a reciprocating bobbin, which carried 
another thread through the loop so extended. To avoid 
litigation, Mr. Wilson contrived the stationary bobbin, which 
has since been the permanent feature of the Wheeler and 
Wilson sewing machine. This rotary hook was an entirely 
novel device. 

Having begun the manufacture of the machine the next 
step was to introduce it to the public. Mr. Wheeler took 
one of the machines to O. F. Winchester, now at the head of 
the Winchester Repeating Arms Company, then largely en- 

730 History of Stratford. 

gaged in the manufacture of shirts at New Haven, Conn. 
Mr. Winchester refused even to try it ; but Mr. Wheeler had a 
shirt made wholly on the machine, Mr. Wilson's wife being the 

Bridgeport. 731 

operator; whereupon Mr. Winchester, struck by the beauty 
of the work, at once purchased the right in the machine for 
the county of New Haven. Mr. Wheeler then carried two of 
the machines to Troy, N. Y., and left them with J. Gardner, 
a leading shirt manufacturer there. After a trial of them for 
three weeks Mr. Gardner came to Watertown and purchased 
the one-half right to sell the machine in Rensselaer County, 
N. Y., for $3,000. Mr. Wheeler now devoted himself to the 
introduction of the machine, especially in New York, Boston 
and Philadelphia. Several hundred machines had been sold 
when, in October, 1853, the Wheeler and Wilson Manufactur- 
ing Company was organized. The business now had become 
so well established that various parties desired to obtain an 
interest in it, and a proposition was made to Messrs. Wheeler, 
Wilson and Co. that a joint stock company should be organ- 
ized, with a capital of $160,000, of which $100,000 was to be 
allowed for the patent, and $60,000 for the factory and machin- 
ery. The firm, meanwhile, engaged to sell stock to outside 
parties to the amount of $70,000, at par. The parties who 
subscribed for the stock gave their notes, which, however, 
they were not called on to pay, the dividends from the earn- 
ings of the company liquidating them as they became due. 

Mr. Wilson at this time retired from active participation 
in the business, while in consideration of the value of his 
inventions, he received a regular salary, without personal 
service, and considerable sums of money on the renewal of 
his patents. He has resided at Watcrbury since 1863, where 
he owns an estate of some twenty-five <icres, with a commodi- 
ous residence. Among his out buildings is a shop well fur- 
nished with tools and machinery for working in wood and 
metals, affording him ample facilities for the gratification of 
his mechanical taste. Here he has perfected several inven- 
tions. On the 19th of December, 1854, he patented his four- 
motion feed, whereby the flat, toothed surface, being in con- 
tact with the cloth, is moved forward, carrying the cloth with 
it, then drops a little, so as not to touch the cloth, then moves 
backward, then rises up against the cloth, and is again ready 
for the first motion. This feed is at once simple and effective. 

In 1865 Mr. Wilson erected a fine hotel, with a large 
public hall, at North Adams, Mass. 

732 History of Stratford. 

The manufactory was continued at Watertown until 1856, 
when, owing to the increase of the business, the property of 
the Jerome Clock Company, at Bridgeport, was purchased. 
Additions to the old brick factory already on the premises, 
were made from time to time.. A portion of these buildings, 
including the clock factory, was burned December 12, 1875, 
but was at once rebuilt. 

In the work shops of the company are made the needles 
and other minor attachments needed for the great variety of 
work to which the machine is adapted. Extensive shops are 
also devoted to the cabinet work. The new finish of the 
latter by the use of the wood-filling, was patented January 
18, 1876, by Mr. Wheeler. This invention is of value, not 
only to manufacturers of sewing machines, but in every line 
of cabinet work in which it is desirable to give a high polish 
to hard woods. The process occupies less than one>half of 
the time, and the materials cost much less than in any of the 
processes previously in use. 

Various improvements of this machine have been made 
from time to time, by the expenditure of nearly $500,000 
upon experiments, resulting in the " Improved Wheeler and 
Wilson machine, Nos. 6, 7 and 8." To the two first awards 

Bridgeport. 733 

were made at Vienna in 1873, and at Philadelphia in 1876, 
corresponding to the awards to the old machine at London 
in 1862, and at Paris in 1867.. 

Machines adapted to various kinds of work, both on 
leather and cloth, have been produced in the best styles and 
with the most advantageous improvements. 

Mr. Wheeler took a leading part in forming the combin- 
ation, in 1856, of the principal sewing machine companies. 
The three companies which were parties in it, the Wheeler 
and Wilson, the Singer, and the Groveri and Baker, had 
begun business about the same time, and the patents under 
which they were working were granted between November 
12, 1850, and August 12, 1851. 

The officers of the Wheeler and Wilson company at its 
organization, were: Alanson Warren, President; George P. 
Woodruff, Secretary and Treasurer; and Nathaniel Wheeler, 
General Manager. Mr. Warren resigned his office in 1855, 
and Mr. Wheeler was elected president, retaining the office 
of general manager. Mr. Woodruff resigned his offices in 
1855, being succeeded by William H. Perry. 

Mr. Wheeler has represented his district in the State 
Senate, and was also one of the commissioners for the build- 

734 History of Stratford. 

ing the State Capitol at Hartford, the greatest public enter- 
prise ever undertaken by the State. 

WiUiani H. JPerry is a native of Woodstock, Conn., 
and when a young man was a school teacher; after which he 
was employed by his brother, who was a contractor in the 
armory of Samuel Colt, at Hartford, Conn. Having acquired 
in this employment practical skill as a machinist, he engaged 
with his brother to execute a portion of the latter's contract. 
In 1855 h^ went to Watertown, Conn., and became book- 
keeper in the office of the Wheeler and Wilson Manufacturing 
Company, and was appointed the next year superintendent of 
the factory. In July, 1856, he was elected secretary and 
treasurer, which offices, with that of superintendent, he still 

The principal buildings of this company, situated in the 
east district of Bridgeport, on East Washington avenue, 
consist of a main factory for metal working, assembling, 
testing, etc., occupying one complete square, 368 by 307 feet, 
under one roof; a wood-working factory, covering a second 
square, 526 by 219 feet; a foundry and needle factory upon a 
third, 368 by 232 feet; the works altogether covering over 
seven acres of ground. 

The main machinery room is that in which the principal 
mechanical operations are performed in the production of the 
metal parts of the sewing machines. This fire proof room is 
L-shaped, 300 feet in length, 219 feet in width in one part, and 
100 in the other. Power is distributed from four main lines of 
shafting, which have not perceptibly deviated from correct 
adjustment since they were first placed in position. 

The Howe Setoing Machine Company was organ- 
ized in 1865, and located on Kossuth street, Bridgeport. 

Elias Howe, Jr., was born at Spencer, Mass., in 1819, 
his father being a farmer and miller. Here he resided until 
1835, when, with his parents' reluctant consent, he went to 
Lowell, Mass., to learn a trade in a large cotton mill, where 
he continued until the financial troubles of 1837. Being then 
out of work he went to Cambridge, where he obtained em- 
ployment on the new hemp carding machine invented by 


Prof. Trcndwell. His cousin, Nathaniel P. Banks, since 
speaker of the House of Representatives and Major General, 
worked in the same shop with him. From this place he went 
to Boston, to the shop of Ari Davis, where he heard a sewing 
machine first mentioned as a mechanical possibility. At 
twenty-one years of age he married, and continued a jour- 
neyman machinist. About 1845 he began to investigate the 
proposition of making a sewing machine in hope of securing 
a better fortune than the wages of a journeyman would ever 
give. Hundreds of hours of both night and day he studied 
and worked, but without success, until one day in 1844 the 
idea flashed upon him of using two threads and forming a 
stitch by the aid of a shuttle and a curved needle with the 

73*5 History of Stratford. 

eye near the poiat, and be then felt be bad invented a sewing 
machine. In October of the same year he had demonstrated, 
by a rough model, that such a machine would sew, but he 
was poor, having ceased to be a journeyman, and the days of 
darkness were upon him. 

Under these circumstances he sought help, and found it 
in a friend named Geor^ Fisher, and by him, upon the value 
of half the invention, was placed in ctrcumstaaces where be 
could construct a machine, although under great want of 
advantages. Alt the winter of 1844-5 ^^' Howe worked on 
his machine and in April he sewed a seam with it, and by the 
middle of May, 1845, ^^ ^^^ completed his work. Id July he 
sewed with his machine all the seams of two suits of woolen 
clothes, one for Mr. Fisher and the other for himself. This 
first machine, after cros»ng the ocean many times, and figur- 
ing as a dumb, but irrefutable witness, in many a court, is 
still preserved. The accompanying cut illustrates the first 
sewing machine made by Elias Howe, Jr., completed in April, 
1845, and claimed by him to have "sewed the first seam made 
by machinery." 


Bridgeport. 737 

Mr. Howe now worked another year to make a model to 
deposit in the patent office, which was accomplished, and his 
patent issued September 10, 1S46. 

Two years Mr. Howe labored to introduce his machine 
both in America and England, when he returned from the 
latter country with only half a crown as the income for all his 
labors on the invention. Upon his return he found a number 
of sewing machines in the field of curiosity and competition, 
and then followed numberless vexations and some law suits. 
A statement In a historical sketch of Mr. Howe's work says, 
that by the time the extension of Mr, Howe's patent expired 
in 1S67, the amount he had received for his machines did not 
"fall short of two million dollars," or that, "as Mr. Howe 
had devoted twenty>seven years of his life to the invention 
and development of the sewing machine, the public had com- 
pensated him at the rate of $75,000 a year. It had cost him, 
however, immense sums to defend his rights, and he was then 
very far from being the richest of the sewing machine kings." 

The buildings for the manufacture of the Howe machines 
were erected in Bridgeport in 1865, and formed an extensive 
and imposing establishment on the eastern bank of the har- 
bor, in full view from the railroad station and the public 
travel, and they arc somewhat represented in the accompany- 
ing miniature engraving. A considerable portion of these 
buildings were destroyed by fire in 1883, but soon after 
rebuilt, although not to the full extent of the older buildings. 

738 History of Stratford. 

An illustration of the latest improvements and most 
complete machine of this company is here inserted to exhibit 
the historical progress of this enterprise as contrasted with 
the machine when first made and patented. 

TUe Amei'ican Hand SetHng Machine Company 

occupies a part of the Bridgeport Power Company's building 
on South avenue. It was organized in 1S84, with the fallow- 
ing ofRcers, who are the same still : President, John J. Marvin, 
of New York; Secretary and Treasurer, E. R. Pcarsall, of 
New York; Manager, A. M. Barber, of Bridgeport. The 
principal office and salesroom is in New York. The com- 
pany manufacture a hand sewing machine, which was patented 
October 21, 1884, and it is as ingenious an invention as has 
been placed upon the market for many years. It has also 
been patented in Europe and every country having patent 

The machine is complete in every detail, may be turned 
or run by either hand in any position, and so easily that a 
child can use it. It will make a perfect stitch through half a 
dozen thicknesses of heavy woolen goods, and makes 250 
stitches a minute. It is a shuttle machine, but the patent 
covers, also, the chain and loop stitch. The skill displayed 
in making the complicated machinery and tools for the con- 

Bridgeport. 739 

struction of the different parts shows but little less inventive 
ability than in producing the machine itself. The perfect 
fitting of every part is as necessary as in the construction of 
a watch. Some idea of the expense of making these machines 
may be obtained by looking into the tool room, where may 
be seen a few implements, such as could almost be carried 
away in a person's arms, which represent an expense of $8,000 
— this for producing only one portion of the machine. 

The factory is fully equipped for the construction of the 
entire machine, even to the nickel plating used upon it. 

At present they employ but fifty hands, most of them 
skilled mechanics who came to this city with the organizers 
of the company. The business, although just started, gives 
promise of exceeding the greatest expectations of the com- 
pany, for up to the present time they have been unable to 
produce the machine as fast as demanded for market, but 
they propose soon to be able to complete one thousand a 
day. A hand bobbin, which winds with an automatic thread 
guide, accompanies each machine, which is claimed to be an 
improvement on anything now in the market. 

Mr. Adin M. Barber, who has obtained several patents, 
is the patentee, likewise, of a machine for cutting saw blades, 
by which many are cut at one movement of the machine. 
This he has sold 10 the Diamond Saw Company, in which he 
is also interested. 

The Warner Brothei*8 Corset 3lamifactory. — Prom- 
inent among the industries of Bridgeport is the corset factory 
of Warner Brothers, situated upon the south side of the rail- 
road near Seaside Park, and having a frontage of 537 feet 
upon Lafayette, Atlantic and Warren streets. It is built of 
brick with blue stone trimmings, and is impressive from its 
size and extensive frontage rather than from any beauty of 

The interior of the factory is fitted up with more than 
usual care and taste. The rooms are high and nicely fur- 
nished, heated with steam, having abundance of light and good 
ventilation. Two engines from the Pacific Iron Works, of 
forty horse power each, are employed to furnish the power 
for five hundred sewing machines, beside eyelet machines, 

740 Histvry of Stratford. 

steam presses, and two hundred machines for the maourac- 
ture of " Coraline," a special article made only by this firm, 
and used by them in place of whalebone for stiffening their 

The capacity of the factory is about 6,000 corsets daily, 
and it gives employment to from 1,000 to 1,200 hands, about 
seven-eighths of whom are women. The average wages of 
the corset stitchers is from eight to ten dollars per week, and 
as the work is very clean and tidyit is much sought after by 
the better class of help. 

This factory was first established in Bridgeport in i8;6, 
since which time it has been enlarged four times and more 

than quadrupled in size. It is the just boast of the proprie- 
tors that their factory has never been shut down a single 
working day, except for necessary repairs, it has never run 
on short hours, and no help has ever been discharged for the 
purpose of reducing production. 

Beside the manufacture of corsets the Messrs. Warner 
Brothers are also largely engaged in making base balls; the 
production this year averaging about 3,000 balls daily. This 
industry occupies about one-sixth of the factory and gives 
employment to 300 hands during the greater part of the year 
The firm consists of Dr. I. DpVer Warner, who resides in 
Bridgeport and has charge of the manufacture of the goods. 

^ -^'7^- ^^^. 


Bridgeport. 741 

and Dr. Lucien C. Warner, who resides in New York and 
has charge of the sales. They are natives of central New 
York, though their ancestors are of New England descent. 
They were both educated as physicians, Dr. I. D. Warner 
graduating in 1862, and Dr. L. C. Warner in 1866. Previous 
to 1874 they were engaged in the work of their profession, 
part of the time practicing medicine at Cortland, New York, 
and part of the time lecturing throughout the country on 
hygiene and kindred topics. 

The transition from the practice of medicine to the man- 
ufacture of corsets is not so difficult as at first appears. The 
intelligent physician is bound to consider the question of 
dress in its relation to health. Corsets, as they were worn 
twelve years ago, were mostly instruments of torture. Their 
shape had little suggestion of the ** human form divine," and 
the chief thought seemed to have been to make them as stifi 
and unyielding as possible. Fashionable modistes failed to 
recognize that a corset which prevented the natural bending 
and twisting of the body, not only was unhealthy and un- 
comfortable, but also unsightly. Only that degree of rigidity 
is required which will prevent the dress from wrinkling at 
the waist and if the corset is properly fitted to the figure this 
can be accomplished without seriously restricting the ease 
and graceful movements of the body. Physicians had long 
recognized the evils of ill-fitting and rigid corsets, but they 
lacked the mechanical skill and business sagacity to work 
out the needed reformation. This the Drs. Warner pos- 
sessed, for they had a natural taste for invention and busi- 
ness, which their professional training had not been able to 
obliterate. A few corsets were first made for their own lady 
patients, and these were received with so great favor that 
they soon abandoned their practice and devoted their entire 
time to the development and extension of their business. 
This has been prosperous beyond all precedent. Within 
five years they were in the very front rank of corset makers 
of this country, and to-day their name is recognized through- 
out both Europe and America as that of the leading corset 
house of the world. 

The superior shape and style of the corsets which the 

Bridgeport. 743 

Dn. Warner introduced have been largely copied by other 
manufacturers, and thus a complete revolution has been made 
in the style of corsets worn in this country. Through their 
labor and influence a corset no longer means to a lady tight 
k^ngi physical torture, contracted chest, and ruined healthy 
but it performs the natural functions of a garment for pre- 
•erying health, beauty and comfort. 

The JBridgepart Corset Company are located on the 
comer of Noble avenue and Burroughs street. The proprie- 
tors are I. W. Birdsey and Company, W. C. Sherwood 
aoperioteodent. They occupied at first a room in the build- 
ing of the Howe Manufacturing Company until the fire of 
December, 1883, when they removed to their present place 
in what is known as the Frary Cutlery building. They began 
at first in a building 15 by 20 feet with the help of five or six 
persons, now they employ about 300 and make 150 dozen cor- 
sets per day. They have a branch house in Birmingham^ 
Conn., — the Birdsey Corset Company — and with the work of 
these two and two other companies their united production 
is 700 dozen per day. The one business house of these com- 
panies is 71 Leonard street, New York. In the manufacture 
of these goods whalebone is nearly excluded and tricora 
fiber is used instead. Several complicated machines are used 
in this work. Everything in the business is so thoroughly 
systematized by the superintendent and furnished with ma- 
chinery by the company that corsets can be made and sold at 
an exceedingly low price and comfortable dividends made ta 
the stockholders. 

Thomson, Langdon a^nd Company, manufacturers 
of corsets, are located at the corner of Railroad and Myrtle 
avenues. The proprietors are Charles H. Langdon, of New 
.York and W. A. Nettleton, of Bridgeport, who were estab- 
lished in 1876, but reorganized January i, 1885, retaining the 
same name. They employ on an average 350 hands, their 
goods all being sold through the New York house, 70 Worth 
street Their average daily product is 125 dozen corsets. 
Their building is finely located, 120 feet long and 40 wide,. 
four stories in height. Their specialties are the Thomson 
glove-fitting corsets, and their patent unbreakable corset steels.. 

744 History of Stratford. 

H. W* Jjyon is corset manufacturer at 88 Middle street. 
He commenced at his present place, January i, 1885, the 
making of the crown corset, having a standing contract for 
all he can produce. He was engaged'previously with Thom- 
son, Langdon and Company, in 1877, and began the manufac- 
ture of corsets by himself in 1880, at 25 State street, employ- 
ing 250 hands, but after a time closed his business there. He 
then managed a branch nrianufactory for I. Newman and Co., 
of New Haven, located in Bridgeport. 

jreronie JB» Secar, manufacturer of sewing machines, is 
located on corner of Broad street and Railroad avenue. He 
came to' this city in the autumn of 1870, from Chicago, HI., 
with the Secor Machine Company. That company was dis- 
solved in 1876, and he continued to manufacture machines in 
his own name. He employs about one hundred persons, 
manufacturing entirely on orders for the Avery and Empress 
machines. He is under contract to furnish 200 weekly of the 
Avery and 500 per month of the Empress, the latter being 
comparatively a new machine. All goods go to the New 
York house. 

Tfie Canfteld JRubber Company f successors to Isaac 
A. Canfield, of Middletown, Conn., was incorporated and 
established here in February, 1885. They are located on 
Railroad avenue, corner of Myrtle. The officers are : Ratcliflf 
Hicks, of New York, President; D. M. Baldwin, of Bridge- 
port, Treasurer; and H. O. Canfield, Manager. They em- 
ploy forty hands and manufacture the Canfield seamless dress 
shields, and mould work of all kinds, and thousands of small 
goods of different styles. Soon after being established here 
they bought the rubber mould works of A. C. Andress, of 
New Haven, and have made a very successful beginning, up 
to the present time. They have two great advantages, the 
one is the complete furnishing of their establishment to make 
goods of all descriptions in their line, and the other is the 
fact that their foreman, Mr. H, O. Canfield, is not only thor- 
oughly a practical man, but also skilled in the art of working 
the various materials of which the goods are constructed into 
the most perfect form and finish. The capital stock is $50,000. 

Bridgeport, 745 

The history of the Canfields — father and son — in developing 
this line of goods is very interesting and extends over a num- 
ber of years of practical study, in a rubber manufactory in 
Naugatuck, Conn. 

The Bridgeport JPaper Box Co^npany, located at 
76 Middle street, was established January i, 1877. The firm 
consists of E. L. White, of Bridgeport, and E. W. Smith, of 
Waterbury, and they employ 150 hands and occupy the upper 
part of the large building on Middle street. They produce 
hundreds of different sizes and styles of square boxes, turning 
out 1000 daily. The business conducted with the machinery 
requires much skill and dexterity in making and finishing the 
boxes so rapidly. 

Ives, Blakeslee and Coni2)any, manufacturers of toys 
and novelties, are located on Broad street and corner of Rail- 
road avenue. The company was established by E. R. Ives 
and Cornelius Blakeslee, in the spring of 1868. In 1880 E. G. 
Williams, of New York, was added to the firm, and thus the 
company continues. They employ on an average forty per- 
sons in the factory here, but their branch manufactories, two 
in New York and one in Philadelphia, make a large number 
indirectly in their employ. 

Their specialties are mechanical toys, Fourth of July and 
holiday goods, which, with all their goods, are handled 
through their New York house, at 297 Broadway, and sold 
largely by traveling representatives of their store. Their 
quarto illustrated catalogue of over thirty pages, and their 
octavo catalogue of 192 pages, represent somewhat adequately 
their line of products. 

TJie Bridgeport Machine Tool Works, E. P. Bul- 
lard, of New York, proprietor, W. H. Bullard, of Bridgeport, 
manager, are located on the corner of Broad street and Rail- 
road avenue. This business was established here in 1880, as 
a branch of the New York house, for the special purpose of 
making a particular line of goods — namely, the manufacture 
of lathes. They employ seventy-five hands, and a general 
increase has been and probably will be needed, since they are 
behind on orders. In the first fifteen months 180 lathes were 

746 History of Stratford. 

produced. The standard of its workmanship has been gradu- 
ally increased, and it is recognized by mechanics at home and 
abroad as a superior instrument, furnished at a less price than 
other like tools, in proportion to its producing capacity. 

The Bridgeport Brass Company is located on Cres- 
cent avenue, near East Main street. In 1865 D. W. Kissam, 
Samuel R. Wilmot and John Davol, owners of the Wilmot 
and Kissam Manufacturing Company, a corporation doing 
business in Brooklyn, N. Y., recognizing the advantages of 
Bridgeport as a manufacturing city, removed their business 
to this place and formed the Bridgeport Brass Company, 
with a capital of $150,000, of which corporation John Davol 
was President; S. R. Wilmot, Treasurer; and D. W. Kissam, 
Secretary. In 1877 William H. Davol, son of John Davol, 
succeeded his father as president. 

The company engaged in the general manufacture of 
brass wire, tubing and sheets, and also of many articles of 
which brass is the principal component part, specially of 
kerosene oil burners and lamps, in the manufacture of which 
a larger amount of brass is consumed than any one article for 
which brass is used ; and they are still largely engaged in this 
branch of the business. In the year 1880 a considerable por- 
tion of the capital stock was purchased from the estate of 
John Davol by Charles M. Mitchell, George E. Somers, 
Charles A. Hamilton, and Fred. A. Mason, of Waterbury, 
Conn., and Charles L. Mitchell, of New Haven — present 
member of Congress from second district of Connecticut. 
Charles M. Mitchell became President; Fred. A. Mason, 
Vice President and Treasurer; George E. Somers, General 
Superintendent of the manufacturing department; D. W. 
Kissam remaining Secretary, which office he has filled since 
the organization of the company in 1865. 

The company's business and manufacturing facilities 
have largely increased until they now occupy about two 
acres of ground in the heart of East Bridgeport, and employ 
about 300 workmen. Their pay roll amounts to $150,000 per 
annum. They consume annually 2,500 tons of coal, and more 
than 2,000,000 pounds of copper and zinc, in the composition 

Bridgeport. 747 

of brass. They run four engines of a combined horse power 
of five hundred. 

Many branches have been added to their business, such 
as the manufacture of seamless brass and copper tubes, clock 
movements, insulated copper wire of all kinds, for electrical 

This company were the first to introduce and manufac- 
ture what is known as hard drawn copper wire, of which 
many thousands of miles are now used for telegraphic and 
telephonic lines instead of iron, owing to its greater con- 
ductivity of the electrical fluid. 

From the above record it may be seen that the amount 
of the annual pay roll equals the amount of capital stock, and 
therefore an immense amount of sales must be effected. 

Mr. JB. McGovern, manufacturer of tools and machines. 
This business may be described as that of a machinist, tool 
and model maker, and manufacturer of automatic and special 
machinery, dies, punches, brass, steel, and all descriptions of 
light metallic goods and hardware. Besides these articles 
Mr. McGovern manufactures Brooks' patent combination 
padlock and Reinhardt's numbering machine, and several 
devices of his own invention; among them are a ** safety 
stirrup," the "cowboy's friend," the "anti-rattlers," and 
others. A specialty is ** McGovern's combination Lock." 
At present Mr. McGovern is employing about forty hands. 
His shop is located on the corner of Noble and Sterling 

The Bridgeport Knife Company was organized in 
1876, and are located on East Washington avenue, corner 
Hallett street; capital stock $100,000. They manufacture 
table knives and forks in a large variety of styles, and other 
household goods. Their present production is 18,000 knives 
and forks per day, employing over 300 persons. Their agents 
canvass every State and Territory in the Union, and all 
important places are visited by these salesmen at least every 
two months. Considerable attention has been given 10 
exports, especially to South America, on both the east and 
west coast. In the first week of March, 1886, they shipped 


History of Stratford. 

goods to the following places: Callao, Arequipa, Moleode, 
Cumana, Iquique, Lima \& Pay, Arica, and Para. It takes 
from two to three months to reach some of the interior places 
of South America. Goods for this purpose are shipped to 
the ports of that country packed in boxes not exceeding fifty 
pounds weight, and then transported on pack mules to their 
places of destination. These boxes are lined with tin to pre- 
vent the articles from being injured by rust. The new cata- 
logue of this company of 114 pages, describes nearly i,00O 
different kinds of cutlery. By a telegraph code, distant mer- 
chants are enabled to order large assortments of goods with 
very few words, by which delays of shipment and much 
expense of traveling are avoided. 

In the manufacture of these goods a large amount of 


Bridgeport. y^g^ 

machinery is required, a great portion of which has been 
designed by this company. Such has been the sale of their 
goods that during 1885 they have continued their business in 
all departments on full time. The officers are: President^ 
Anton Trunk; Vice-President, C. J. Healy, of New York; 
Secretary and Treasurer, W. H. Bliss; who are also the 

Olover Sanford and SonSf hat manufacturers, are 
located at 318 Crescent avenue. The members of this com- 
pany came from the town of Bridgewater, in Litchfield 
county. Conn., where Glover Sanford had conducted the 
manufacture of hats from the year 1823, until his sons became 
associated with him, and the firm of Glover Sanford and 
Sons continued the same business there until their removal 
to Bridgeport. 

In'1877 they purchased the site and buildings known as 
the Williams Silk Mills, and upon that site built their present 
buildings — the main building being 375 feet in length and 50 
. in width, three stories in height. They employ on an average 
. 200 hands, and turn out 200 dozen hats per day, but have the 
\ capacity of 550 dozen per day. They make men*s, iboy's, 
children's, and ladies' felt hats of three hundred styles, ther^ 
being seventy-five different processes each hat passes through 
before it is finished. The business requires a 150-horse power 
engine and a 450 boiler. The building is furnished with patent 
sprinklers, so that in case of fire any room could be flooded 
with water in a few minutes, it is probably. one of the>most 
completely arranged and well furnished manufactories in the 
country, and deserves the remarkable success it possesses. 
Glover Sanford, the founder and father, died May 30, 1878, 
after enjoying for a time a satisfactory reward for the many 
struggles of his earlier life. Frederick S. Sanford, one of the 
sons, died in 1876; Charles H., Homer B., and Edward G. 
Sanford, other sons, are living and actively engaged in the 
business. Charles H., Jr., Frederick H., son of Homer B., 
and Glover E., son of Edward G. Sanford, are also engaged 
with their fathers in the business. 


The Bridgeport Power Company have a large brick 
building on the corner of Water street and South avenue, and 


750 History of Stratford. 

besides their specialty in the manufacture of squares, they 
furnish power and room for several other manufacturing 
enterprises. They have a capital stock, paid in, of $65,000, 
and employ fifteen hands. The officers are: H. Kelsey, 
President and Treasurer; Frank B. Bradley, Secretary and 

The Bridgeport Tiiek Works are located in the build- 
ings of the Bridgeport Power Company, and they manufacture 
tacks of every description, making a three-penny, fine steel, 
polished nail a specialty. The business was established in 
September, 1884, by Mr. E. Gowdy, the proprietor. He 
employs about ten hands, making up thirty tons of stock 
monthly. The advantage of machinery is here seen in the 
fact that one boy attends six machines. 

Mr. W. JE» FUzgerald is located in the Bridgeport 
Power Company's buildings, corner of South avenue and 
Water strefet. He was established here July i, 1884, ^"d 
manufactures button hooks and other specialties. 

The IHamond Saw Company is located in the Bridge- 
port Power Company's building, with a capital of $100,000. 
The officers are: C. B. Newcorab, of New York, President; 
W. S. EdVards, of Boston, Treasurer and Manager; J. D. 
Edwards, of Bridgeport, Superintendent. Their main office 
is in Boston. They are successors to M. Brown and Company, 
incorporated under New York State laws, but established in 
this city July i, 1885. They have only just commenced the 
production of saws, employing from forty to fifty hands, but 
when in full operation will turn out 20,000 weekly. They 
can manufacture saws of any description and very rapidly, 
owning the so-called Hack machine, which cuts sixty blades 
at a time. They own, also, the patent Hack frame, and 
make the butcher or meat saws on the same plan. The busi- 
ness is very successful. 

The Compressed Paper Box Com]}any is located in 
the buildings of the Bridgeport Power Company, and they 
manufacture patent pressed paper boxes of many descriptions, 
round and square, paper cans, and strong paper boxes specially 

Bridgeport. 75 1 

for hardware. They were established December i, 1883, with 
a capital stock of $50,000. The officers are: Amos S. Treat, 
President; W. E. Baillie, Secretary and Treasurer; Jonathan 
Godfrey, Superintendent. They manufacture on orders only, 
the Union Metallic Cartridge Company taking most of their 

The Aslicroft Manufacturing Company have just 
come to Bridgeport from Boston, and erected a new building 
during the winter of 1885 and 6, 200 feet long by 50 wide, 
four stories high, but which is not quite finished. They will 
employ 250 hands, many of them coming with the company 
from Boston the first of May next. Charles A. Moore, 
of New York, is President and General Manager; Martin 
Luscomb, Secretary and Treasurer; H. F. Manning, Assistant 
Treasurer; and G. W. Richardson, Superintendent. There 
is to be a foundry 60 feet by 40, connected with it, although a 
large part of their goods are made of brass. 

Tlie Knapp aiid Cowlea Manufacturing Coinpany 

were successors to Cowles Hardware Company, and they 
to Cowles and Company, and they to David A. Keys, who 
was the original manufacturer of the first mincing knives 
made in America, to be placed upon the market. The 
original manufacturer and the two successors were located 
at Unionville, in the town of Farmington, Conn. The lead- 
ing articles produced at that place by the first companies 
were the mincing knife and screw drivers, and these were 
placed in the markets only of New York, Boston and Phila- 

The Knapp and Cowles Company came to Bridgeport 
and commenced the erection of their commodious brick 
factory on Railroad avenue and Garden street, in July, 1884, 
and in November of the same year removed their entire 
business to these new buildings. 

The company have increased their variety of screw 
drivers until, instead of one, they manufacture four patterns, 
including nearly fifty sizes and kinds, which are disposed of, 
as all their articles are, in the principal cities of the United 
States, the Canadas, and foreign markets. The mincing knife 

752 History of Stratford. 

is stiU a leading staple, but twenty-four varieties are novir 
produced instead of one at first. To these have been added 
a full line of garden tools, a variety of hammock and clothes 
line hooks; ice tools, awls, carpet stretchers, box scrapers and 
openersv They are also making the geers spring hinge, and 
a line of specialties in the house furnishing goods. They 
employ about thirty men, and as an illustration of the facility 
with which they manufacture goods, it may be stated that 
they produce in the one leading article about 150 dozen screw 
drivers per day. 

The present officers are : L. S. Catlin, President ; F. W.. 
Stevens, Vice-President; George S. Knapp, Treasurer and. 
General Manager ; and Martin Cowles, Secretary and Super^ 

The- David M. Head and Company are merchants 
and carpet manufacturers. As large manufacturers of carpets 
they merit a record among the industries of Bridgeport. 

David M. Read was bom at Hoosac Falls, N. Y. His 
parents soon after removed to North Adams, Mass., where he 
passed most of his boyhood life, attending the district school 
and then the academy. He served as dry goods clerk in 
Williamstown, Stockbridge and Lenox, and in 1857 he came 
to Bridgeport and entered the employ of E. Birdsey and 
Company, with whom he remained until August, 1857. Then,, 
having saved about $1,500, he obtained as much more of 
Hanford Lyon, and associating with him W. B. .Hall, opened 
a dry goods and carpet store at 227 Main street. This firm 
continued at the old stand until May, 1869, when the store 
was removed to Wheeler's block, corner of Main street and 
Fairfield avenue, where it still remains. The partnership of 
Hall and Read continued until August i, 1877, when Mr. Hall 
withdrew, and the business was continued by Mr. Read until 
the summer of 1885, when the organization of a stock company 
was effected, and the first floor and basement of two builds 
ings, instead of one, were occupied, forming a very popular 
and elegant place of business. The business of Hall and Read 
increased rapidly — as did also the city of Bridgeport — their 
sales amounting at one time to $500,000 a year. During the 
panics of 1857, 1861, and 1873, this house remained firm, and 

Bridgeport. 753 

at their dissolution enjoyed the distinction of having always 
paid one hundred cents on the dollar. 

Mr. Read, with his brother, Charles A. Read, began the 
manufacture of ingrain carpets, in a small way, in Water 
street, with two hand looms. Afterwards they purchased 
their present location on Middle street, and increased their 
business until they were operating twenty looms. In 1873 a 
stock company was formed with a capital of $55,000, under 
the name of the Read Carpet Company, David M. Read 
being president and selling agent. This company owns the 
block on the corner of Fairfield avenue and Middle street, 
with a frontage of one hundred feet on the former and two 
hundred on the latter, and have recently added a block 
adjoining, of one hundred and twenty by sixty-six feet. This 
establishment has been furnished with fifty power looms.for 
the. purpose of manufacturing ingrain, Brussels, and Axmin- 
ster carpets, with a capacity of 450,000 yards per year. 

Mr. Read has been first alderman of the city of Bridge- 
port, a member of the Common Council, member of .the 
Board of Education, and member of the school committee. 
He is a director in the Bridgeport National Bank, and, with 
the exception of the first year, has been president of the 
Board of Trade since its organization. He is also a director 
in the Mountain Grove Cemetery Association and the Fair- 
field County Agricultural Society. He was a member of the 
Connecticut National Guard for eight years as a brigade 
commissary, with the rank of major, and was an efiicient 
officer. He was acting commissary-general at the encamp- 
ment of the Connecticut National Guard at the Centennial 
Exposition in Philadelphia in 1876, and was highly compli- 
mented by General Trowbridge for the executive ability 
displayed in the management of his department. He is a 
member of the vestry of St. John's Church. 

On December 3, 1855, ^^ married Helen Augusta, daugh- 
ter of the late Philo F. Barnum. They have two sons: 
Charles Barnum, treasurer in the D. M. Read Company, and 
David F., who graduated at Yale College in 1883, and is man- 
ager of the New York office of the Read Carpet Company, 
and one daughter, May Louise. One daughter, Helen A., 
died October 13, 1872. His residence is on Park avenue. 


History of Stratford. 

Sridg^ort MaUeable Iron Company are located at 
the corner of Railroad avenue and South street. This busi- 
ness was first established here by Mr. Henry Atwater, who 
came from the Tuttle and Whitmore Company, of Naugatuclc. 
and employed twenty-three men, with a capital of $30,000. 
In January, 1879, six months after he came here, a stock 
company under the present name was formed, and the busi- 
ness continuing to increase a reorganization was effected with 
a capital of $200,000, in May, 1884. Their buildings cover aa 
area of four and a half acres, and they employ from 400 to 
450 hands. They make malleable and gray iron castings,, 
entirely upon orders, producing an endless variety, or in fact, 
anything that is wanted in this line, being the largest and 
most fully equipped establishment of the kind east of Cleve- 
land, Ohio. They make some very heavy work. The oflBcers 
are; J. H. Whittemore, of Naugatuck, President; W. K. 
Chase, Vice-President; W. A. Griffin, Treasurer; Henry ^ 
Atwater, Secretary; and A. S. Wells, General Superintend- 
ent. All the officers except the president reside in Bridge- 


The Bridgeport Organ Company is located on Rail- 
road avenue, corner of Hancock, and was established June i, 
1877, Mr. J. T. Patterson, from Birmingham, Conn., proprie- 
tor. He manufactures organs and various kinds of musical 

Bridgeport. 755 

instruments, besides filling special orders, as desired.. He 
employs 200 hands, most of his goods being made for export 
trade, having a branch house at 124 Holborn, London, where 
he keeps a heavy stock. His building is 400 feet long, 60 feet 
wide, and four stories high. A specialty is the orchestrone, 
a patented article, made on contract, in five different styles 
and sizes, and being the only party manufacturing them in 
this country. 

The West End Mitt is one of the buildings erected by 
the organ company. It is occupied by several manufacturing 
companies, and is located on the corner of Railroad and Han- 
cock avenues. 

W. B. Bostudck and Company are located in the 
West End Mill, where they manufacture vegetable ivory 
buttons. Mr. W. B. Bostwick came from New Milford, 
where for about twenty years he had been engaged with his 
brother in the same business. In August, 1884, their build- 
ings in that village were burned, and then he came to Bridge- 
port, formed a partnership with Mr. D. B. Seward, and estab- 
lished the present prosperous enterprise, employing from 70 
to 100 hands. 

In this making of buttons, on orders only, there is almost 
an endless variety of styles, changing almost every season. 
The Bostwick brothers, having been among the first pro- 
ducers of this kind of goods, are known all over the country, 
and have had thus far large success. 

8ta/itdard Card and Paper Company ^ located in 
the West End Mill, was established June i, 1884, with a 
capital of $5,000. Mr. S. B. Hutchinson is President and 
Manager, and Mr. E. T. Baram, Treasurer and Secretary. 
They manufacture fine wedding and photograph mounting 
card board paper, entirely on orders, employing about fifteen 
hands. Mr. S. B. Hutchinson came here from Springfield, 
Mass., where he learned a practical knowledge of the business. 

Bridgeport 8Uk Company occupy a part of the West 
End Mill and was established October i, 1882. Mr. M. C. Pat- 
terson is the proprietor and manager. He came from Union 

756 History of Stratford. 

Hill, N. Jm where he obtained a practical knowledge of the 
business. He manufactures dress, carriage, umbrella, and 
upholstering silks, making a regular line, and also anything 
in these kinds of goods, to order. One specialty is a pure 
dye black silk, in stock, one of the best articles in the market; 
and another is the carriage goods, of which he produces a 
large line. He employs from 75 to 100 hands. 

Cornwall and JPatteraon Manufacturing Company 

occupy a part of the West End Mill, were established here 
October i, 1879, with a capital of $20,000; J. B. Cornwall, 
President and Manager. They manufacture. piano and organ 
hardware, and a line of base ball goods, employing twenty- 
five men. .They work on contracts, putting out large quanti- 
ties of their base ball goods to be made in private families, a 
feature of industry of which there is but very little in Bridge- 
port, most all goods being made in the manufacturing build- 

Bridgeport Steel CuUery Company is located in the 
West End Mill, and was established in March, 1886; W. 
Minor Smith, President; E. R. Ives, Treasurer; G.J.Brown, 
Secretary. Capital, $5,000. They manufacture shoe shanks, 
nails and steel work generally. 

The WUniot and Hobb8 manufacturing Company, 

on the comer of Railroad and Hancock avenues, were estab- 
lished in October, 1884, with a capital of $125,000. Their 
building is 125 by 200 feet, three stories. Samuel R. Wilmot, 
President; Willis F. Hobbs, Secretary; Charles M. Duprey, 
Treasurer. They manufacture cold rolled iron in various 
forms, carriage axle boxes and hubs, steel bells and gongs, 
bicycle rims and felloes, and many other articles of iron, 
steel and copper. They make goods upon orders and are 
driven night and day to fill the same. 

Saddle^Trees. — The manufacture of saddle-trees was 
closely allied to the saddlery business. Saddle-trees were 
early made in a small way in Danbury and at Hartford, but 
the business was more fully developed in Bridgeport and 
Newark, N. J. While Newark manufacturers supplied little 

Bridgeport. 757 

more than the requirements of the saddlers of that place, 
Bridgeport supplied her home demands and sent her products 
in this line all through the country. 

Mr. Eben Fairchild, of Trumbull, is said to have made the 
first saddle-trees in these parts. He very privately separated 
the parts of an old saddle, examined the tree, took patterns 
of the parts, made a dozen trees, carried them across the 
fields to the blacksmith and had them ironed. They were 
then, probably, suitably painted and varnished and placed in 
market. The process was repeated with increasing volume, 
and soon Mr. Fairchild was joined by his brother Reuben, 
and Isaiah Peet, having their shop at Nichols' Farms. This 
firm supplied the earlier Bridgeport saddlers and also sent 
their products to Hartford and Middletown. ^ 

Mr. Stephen Hull, a blacksmith from Danbury, com- 
menced the business on Main street. His residence was on 
the site of the Connecticut National Bank, and his shop 
immediately north, which was burned in the fire of 1835. 
Capt. William A. Peck, a leading manufacturer later, learned 
the business from him, and perhaps others did the same. 
The following persons or firms were engaged in this business 
from 1825 to i860. David and Josiah Hubbell — later David 
Hubbell, S. and G. Sterling, David Sterling, Jr., foreman ; 
F. Lathrop and F. Lathrop and Son ; William A. Peck and 
Company, and W. A. Peck, and Charles Sherman. There 
was also Fairchild, Peet and Company, and F. P. Ambler 
and Sons, at Nichols* Farms ; and George Hinman and Hin- 
man and Edwards, at Huntington. Formerly the gig saddles 
in harness were made on wooden trees, and the gig trees, to 
which Ambler and Sons gave special attention, they regarded 
as the most profitable department of their business. 

During the late war the United States government re- 
quired an immense number of the regulation saddle-trees, 
raw-hide covered; the last named firm engaged in the man- 
ufacture of these trees extensively, and it has been continued 
by the surviving member of the firm, although the West, with 
cheaper material and labor, has almost monopolized the mark- 
.ets with her cheaper product, and the former styles have been 
superseded. Not a saddle-tree of the old style is now manu- 

758 History of Stratford, 

factured in Bridgeport proper, where thousands of dozens 
were formerly produced. 

' P«m&roJ!;e Jron JV>Mn<Irt/, manufacturers of fine, light 
and medium gray iron castings, is located at the corner of 
Barnum and Hallett streets. Besides making the castings for 
light machinery and sewing machines a specialty, this com- 
pany produce a large variety of castings for general use io 
machinery. In March, 1872, the enterprise was located here, 
occupying a whole square, bounded by four streets, and their 
buildings erected under the firm name of Wilson, Parsons and 


Company, In 1881 Mr. Wilson sold his interest in the enter- 
prise, and the proprietors now are Robert E. Parsons, Anson 
H. Landon, the firm name being Parsons and Landon. Mr. 
Parsons is a native of Windsor Locks, Conn., and Mr. Landon 
of Guilford, Conn. They employ fifty men, their pay roll 
being $5;o per week, their sales about $75,000 a year. . 

Tfce Hatch Brothers Company are located at corner 
of Railroad avenue and Norman street ; G. C. Hatch is pro- 
prietor. The business was established by Messrs. Sackley 
and Undy about January i, 1885, and purchased by the 
present proprietor October i, 1885. They employ about 
twenty hands, and produce pocket cutlery, novelties, dies 

Bridgeport, 759 

and tools. They make regular stock goods and anything to 
order which may be desired, specially a fine grade of pocket 
knives, equal in quality to imported goods. The business is 
under the management of Mr. Fred Suckley, who is a prac- 
tical man of thirty years' experience, haying commenced in 
the work at nine years of age, at Sheffield, England. 

Tlie Chaplin Manufacturing Comjfany is located 
near the railroad depot, and was established in this city 
March 1, 1886. They came here from Hartford, where they 
continued their business about four years. The officers are : 
A. R. Goodrich, of Hartford, President; W. C. Mead, of 
Bridgeport, Secretary and Treasurer; and Hector McKen- 
Tiie, Superintendent. They manufacture anti-friction bear- 
ings for machinery and horse cars, and these only upon 

Mr. William I. Alvord occupies a part of the building 
at the north end of railroad depot, as a practical machinist. 
He formerly manufactured vegetable ivory buttons and a few 
specialties. He is specially engaged in inventing different 
articles of machinery. 

FoUansbee Machine Wovlcs, Mr. John S. Follansbee 
proprietor, occupy a part of the building at the north end of 
the depot, established here January i, 1884. He is a manu- 
facturer of light machinery, on orders, employing about 
twenty -five hands. He is a practical mechanic, having 
devoted most of his life to this work, commencing with the 
Roger Williams foundry and n^achine works, of Providence, 
and afterwards superintending the Diamond Pin Company, of 
Boston, from which he came to Bridgeport. 

Coulter and McKenzie Machine Company occupies 
a part of the building at the north end of the depot, was 
incorporated December i, 1882, with a stock of $7,500, doing 
a general machinist business, manufacturing light and heavy 
machine shaftings, hangers and pulleys, on orders, giving 
employment to about thirty hands. 

Giles and Clancey^s iron foundry is located at the 
corner of Water and Golden Hill streets, and was estab- 

760 History of Stratford. 

lished here in January, 1876. They employ about fortjr 
hands, doing a general work, making castings of most any 
description, upon order. 

John Sumiiltan is located at the corner of Middle 
street and Golden Hill, was established here January i, 1871. 
He is a manufacturer of plumbers' brass goods, and a general 
work of that description, to order. He makes a regular line 
of goods, which are sold entirely through a Boston house^. 
employing from ten to fifteen hands. 

Hotchkiss and Mattiband are located on the corner 
of Middle street and Golden Hill, and were established here 
November i, 1885. They manufacture all kinds of fancy 
colored leathers, for binders, pocket books, and hats, oa 
contracts, employing from ten to fifteen hands. 

J. NeaHf successor to J. Neal and Company, is located 
on the corner of Middle and Golden Hill streets, and was. 
established here January i, 1883. He manufactures white 
metal and britannia goods, canes and umbrella heads being a 
specialty, in hundreds of styles and descriptions, having con- 
tracts with New York parties for all his productions. Since 
moving into his new quarters, by improved processes and 
systematizing the business, he produces more goods with no- 
more than six hands, and at greatly reduced prices, thaa 
formerly with thirty hands. 

Waisikn Iron WarkSf located on Knowlton street in 
East Bridgeport, James Watson, proprietor, was established 
January i, 1884. He is successor to James Watson, Jr., who- 
previously conducted the business four years. He manufac-^ 
tures castings and children's iron toys, employing thirty 

The Acme Shear Company is located on Knowltoa 
street in East Bridgeport, and was established here in Sep-^ 
tember, 1882, with a capital of $5,000. The officers are: 
D wight Wheeler, President; D. C. Wheeler, Secretary; and 
J. A. Crofut, Treasurer. They employ twenty-five hands 
and manufacture plain and ornamental nickel plated and 
japanned shears, scissors, nut crackers, ice picks, and lemoa 

Bridgeport. 761 

squeezers: also Wheeler's patent perfect screw drivers and 
other specialties. They have a large export trade. 

Tlie Arinstrong Manufacturing Company is lo- 
cated on Knowlton street in East Bridgeport, and were 
incorporated in March, 1886, being successors to F. Arm,- 
strong, who had manufactured in the present locality about 
three years, and previous to that for about thirteen years as 
Armstrong and House. The present officers are: F. Arm- 
strong, President; John Evving, Secretary and Treasurer; 
with a stock capital of $100,000. They employ fifty hands 
and are continually increasing the number. They manufac- 
ture water, steam and gas-fitting tools, the Armstrong brace, 
suspender, armlets, gaiters of spiral spring, and patent panta- 
ioon and vest buckles. The spiral springs, buckles, and 
metal parts for the suspenders, armlets, gaiters, and work 
of this kind are made by the Chapman and Armstrong Com- 
pany, of Waterbury, and although a separate organization, 
they work in conjunction with each other. Their goods are 
sold through their New York office, at 132 Church street. 


Tlie House Corset 3Iachine Company is located on 
Knowlton street in East Bridgeport, and was incorporated 
January i, 1883. They are successors of J. Alfred House, 
who has been engaged in the business about ten years. The 
officers are: J. Allred House, President: Emile H. Roth, 
Secretary and Treasurer; and Charles H. Diamond, Assist- 
ant Treasurer. The stock capital is $60,000, and they employ 
twenty-five hands. The}' manufacture corset machinery, and 
<lo a great amount of embroidery work for corset companies. 
They also lease the House patent moulding machine to sev- 
eral companies. They export goods extensively to England, 
Ireland, France, and Germany. 

Tlie B. Goodman Manufacturing Company is 

located on Knowlton street, and was established in January, 
1886, with a stock capital of $75,000. The officers are: B. 
Goodman, President and Treasurer; T. C. Hotchkiss, Secre- 
tary. They manufacture elastic webbing, suspenders, panta- 
loon and vest buckles, clasps, purse frames, and many other 
articles of this kind of goods, which are sold through their 

762 History of Stratford. 

New York office, 20 Walker street. Previous to being estab* 
lished here their webbing was made at Waterbury, and their 
different styles of buckles at Ansonia. 

The Sdnies and JEdwards Stiver Company was 

incorporated in 1882. George C. Edwards is President and 
Treasurer; Morris W. Seymour, Vice-President; T, D^ 
Baker, Secretary. They have salesrooms in New York^ 
Philadelphia and Chicago. They manufacture entirely flat 
ware, and employ one hundred hands. 

Couch and WUner, manufacturers of ladies', misses" 
and children's fine shoes, are located at 430 Water street.. 
The business was established in 1870 by Mr. Ansel H. Couch^ 
on Fairfield avenue, and in 1878 Mr. Wisner became a partner 
and the firm formed as it now is. The business was continued 
on Fairfield avenue until 1881, when they removed to their 
present commodious quarters. They occupy three floors, 100 
by 60 feet, with an engine and boiler room 30 by 20 feet, on 
the first floor. The establishment is fitted with all modern 
improvements in the manufacture of shoes that lessen manual 
labor; among these are twenty-five stitching machines, six 
button-hole machines, McKay's sole sewer, Swayne and 
Fuller beating-out machine, heel trimming machine, BusselTs 
fore-part trimmer, two Union edge setters, two Tapley heel- 
burnishers, one bottom buffer, and one shank buffer. The 
machinery is run by a twenty horse power engine, and a 
boiler of thirty horse power, and they have facilities for mak- 
ing 2,000 pair of shoes weekly. They employ about 160 
operatives, about half of them men and half women. 

Mr. Ansel H. Couch, the senior member of the firm, is a 
native of Bethel, Conn. He served his country during the 
rebellion, nearly four years in the First Connecticut Heavy 
Artillery, entering as a private and being mustered out a 
second lieutenant. He participated in the siege of York- 
town, the battle of Malvern Hill, and was under General 
Grant in front of Petersburg and Richmond, and is a mem- 
ber of the G. A. R. 

Mr. Albert Wisner is a native of Warwick, N. Y., and is 
a thorough, practical business man. Mr. George E. Louns- 

Bridgeport. 763 

bury, member of the shoe manufacturing establishment of 
Lounsbury, Matthewson and Company, of South Norwalk, 
is a member of this firm, although his name does not appear 
in the title of the company. Mr. Lounsbury is a native of 
Ridgefield, and has for a long time been engaged in the shoe 

Tlie Farlst Steel Company is located on East Main 
street at the southern end, where they ship their goods 
direct on vessels at their dock on the harbor. The company 
was organized at Windsor Locks, Conn., in i860, and in 1872 
removed their establishment to Bridgeport, where they con- 
structed large, commodious buildings on a very advantageous 
site, their buildings covering several acres, They manufac- 
ture all descriptions of cast steel, hammered or rolled spiral 
and elliptic car springs, and railroad forging to pattern, 
employing fifty skilled workmen. Their main building is 190 
by 80 feet, the shop 120 by 60 feet, the gas house iio by 90, 
and the spring shop 100 by 50 feet. 

Mr. Joel Farist, the founder and president of the com- 
pany, is a native of England, and has always been engaged 
in his present business. His associates are: Mr. George 
Windsor, Secretary ; and Mr. John B. Windsor, Treasurer. 

JPacific Iron WorkSf'P. H. Skidmore and Sons, pro- 
prietors, are located on the corner of East Main street and 
East Washington avenue. This is one of the largest and 
oldest establishments in the city, it having been established 
in 1853 as a stock company, in which form it remained until 
i860, when it passed into the hands of Mr. P. H. Skidmore, 
and the change having since been made to Skidmore and 
Sons. Their buildings occupy from one to one and a half 
acres of land. Their main building, consisting of machine 
and pattern shop, is 175 by 75 feet, two stories; the boiler 
and blacksmith shop is a one story building 200 by 60 feet; 
the foundry is 200 by 75 feet, one story, besides which there 
are several other large buildings. Their business consists of 
steam engine building, boiler making, iron founding, and 
general machine work. They consume annually 1,000 tons 
of pig iron, 100 tons of bar iron, 50 tons of boiler iron, and 
15 tons of brass. 

764 History of Stratford, 

Mr. P. H. Skidmore, the senior member of the firm, is a 
native of Bethlehem, Conn. He represented the town of 
Newtown in 1870, and has held a sent in the common council 
of this city. Mr. P. H. Skidmore, Jr., is a native of Bethle- 
hem, resided in Florida six years superintending the con- 
struction of the St. Johns Railway, and then came to Bridge- 
port. Mr. Julius W. Skidmore was born in Bethlehem; has 
resided most of his life in this city but served in the late 
war for the Union. Mr. H. B. Smith is superintendent of the 
establishment, having been with the firm twenty-five years. 

The Haton, Cole and Buvnham Company.— Tht 

officers of this corporation are: John Eaton, President; E. 
G. Burnham, Vice-President ; E. H. Cole, Treasurer; J. C. 
Bloom, Assistant Treasurer, and W. H. Douglas, Secretary. 

Their works are located on Water extending through to 
Main street and occupy a considerable portion of the part of 
the block bounded and formed by the intersection of these 
two streets. 

Their New York office and warehouses are located at 82 
and 84 Fulton street, from which place their goods are dis- 
tributed to all parts of the United States and foreign countries. 

Mr. E. G. Burnham, the founder of this industry, is a 
native of Massachusetts, and learned his trade at a time when 
metals and fuel for melting had to be carted from the seacoast 
by horses. Mr. Burnham came to Bridgeport in i860, and soon 
after engaged in the manufacture of brass and iron valves, 
cocks and goods used for steam, water and gas. The busi- 
ness grew rapidly till in 1875 he associated himself with 
Messrs. Eaton and Cole, a firm doing business in the same 
line of goods in New York, and the present company was 
formed with a capital of $350,000. The formation of this 
company was the occasion of additional production, necessi- 
tating increased facilities and enlarged works for manufactur- 
ing the constantly increasing variety of goods peculiar to this 
business. These have steadily grown in volume till now they 
employ over 500 persons, and are at present erecting a build- 
ing and providing facilities for a still further increase in their 
production and the number of emplo3'ees. Great care and 

Bridgeport. 765 


pains are necessary in preparing the goods for the purposes 
for which they are to be used, and this is particularly true of 
goods intended for use in the petroleum districts, of which 
they make a very large quantity and variety. The manage- 
ment of the works is wholly in Mr. Burnham's charge, which 
he untiringly administers and yet finds time to attend to his 
duties as a public spirited citizen, being at the present time a 
member of the Board of Public Works in this city. 

The Bridgeport Ca/rt Company was established in 
this city in 1883. Mr. F. L. Perry, the proprietor, while a 
nurseryman at Canandaigua, N.Y., received a severe personal 
injury, after which he conveyed himself about in a vehicle, but 
the kind he used being uncomfortable, he devoted himself to 
construct a better one. In this he succeeded and secured a 
patent for his invention, and soon after established himself in 
Bridgeport as a manufacturer of carts of this kind, in which he 
has succeeded beyond his expectations. This article differs from 
others simply in the application of the patent spring, which is 
so constructed that it may be applied to any style of body. 

Bridgeport Button Worlcs are located at 249 Water 
street. Mr. James E. Donnelly is the proprietor, and manufac- 
tures ladies* covered dress buttons. The business was estab- 
lished in 1864 by the Bridgeport Button Company, at its present 
location, and was conducted as a stock company until 1868, 
when the present proprietor purchased the business and 
changed the title to the present form. Mr. Donnelly learned 
the business during a number of years spent in the establish- 
ment of Messrs. W. R. Hitchcock and Goddard Brothers, of 
Waterbury. He occupies two stories 100 by 23 feet, and manu- 
factures, besides ladies' covered dress buttons, undertakers* 
covered buttons, silk, gold and silver covered tacks of all sizes, 
and many other like articles. The coverings are imported 
from Europe, the fillings are of iron, brass, tin and paper. He 
employs 125 persons, principally girls. Mr. Donnelly is a 
native of Waterbury, came here in 1866, and served as super- 
intendent of the company before purchasing the business. 

27i6 JParrott Varnish Company is located at 187 
North Washington avenue, and is a prosperous enterprise. In 

^66 History of Stratford. 

1846, Mr. Frederick W. Parrott, having given his attention some 
years as a cabinet maker to the manufacture of varnish, com- 
menced the business as a distinctive enterprise. This he fol- 
lowed with good success until 1869, when he associated with 
himself his son Henry R. Parrott, and his son-in-law John D. 
Whitney. By strict attention to business and the manufacture 
of the best quality of goods, the industry has increased from 
a small beginning to large and influential proportions. The 
increasing demand for their varnishes from all quarters of the 
globe, has given them a world-wide reputation. 

Mr. Frederick WeUs JParrott* was born in Bridge- 
port, July 25th, 1806, and is still quite an active, stirring man. 
His greatgrandfather, Capt. Jedediah F. Wells, and his grand- 
father, Capt. Jedediah Wells, were also residents of this town, 
the former being the owner of considerable portion of the 
southern part of the territory of the City of Bridgeport, and 
the latter was a soldier of the War of 1812. The direct line of 
ancestry of this Wells family runs back through John Wells, 
one of the early settlers of Stratford, who was the son of 
Thomas Wells, of Hartford and Wethersfield, Conn., one of 
the early governors of the Connecticut colony. 

Mr. Parrott, in 1827, commenced business as a manufac- 
turer of furniture, and built, some years later, the first sofa 
and hearse that were ever used in Bridgeport. While en- 
gaged in the furniture business his attention was directed 
towards the manufacture of varnishes, which he commenced 
in 1846, and laid the foundation for the present firm, known 
as the Parrott Varnish Company, which was organized in 
1869. Mr. Parrott has been in active business over half a 
century, and, so far as ascertained, is the only man still in 
active life who was thus engaged fifty years agO; He has 
always taken great interest in local affairs, and has been prom- 
inently identified with the municipal government, in which he 
served as alderman, member of the Common Council, and 
board of road and bridge commissioners. His best service 
to the town was undoubtedly as first selectman, which posi- 
tion he held during the late civil war. His unbounded con- 

■ — _ - ■ ■-'-■- 

* See genealogy in this boolc. 

^«^.=<^W^ fti 

Bridgeport. ySy 


fidence in the justice and final success of the cause, and his 
strict business integrity, enabled him to fill the Bridgeport 
quotas for troops rapidly and with great financial success^ 
He married, in 1827, Miss Lucelia A. Remer, of Derby, Conn. 
Their golden wedding was celebrated May 17, 1877, ^^^ one 
feature of which was the presentation, by the Ladies' Chari- 
table Society, of a beautiful silver piece, for fruit and flowers^ 
to Mrs. Parrott, she being one of the oldest living members, 
having joined it the year after her marriage. 

Tlie Bridgeport Spring Company manufacture car- 
riage, coach and wagon springs, and are located at the corner 
of Main street and East Washington avenue. They were 
incorporated in 1864, with Edwin Banks President and Treas- 
urer, and William H. Rockwell, Secretary. The buildings 
cover an area of 200 by 125 feet, two stories in height. About 
500 tons of steel are worked into springs during a year by 
the labor of about seventy-five skilled workmen. Mr. Edwin 
Banks is a native of Greenfield Hill, Conn., and Mr. William 
H. Rockwell is a native of Ridgefield, Conn., and has held 
the position of councilman and alderman in this city. 

TJie BHdgeport Papei* Company was incorporated 
in September, 1883, with a capital stock of $150,000. The 
officers are: R. M. Pulsifer, President ; C. Canfield, Secretary ; 
J. E. Stone, Treasurer. They are located in North Bridge- 
port and manufacture various kinds of paper for newspapers. 

Jliri4l{/eport Electric Light Company is located -in 
John street and was incorporated in 1884. The officers are: 
President, Joel Farist; Secretary, H. D. Stanley; Treasurer,. 
E. G. Burnham. They manufacture electric light for the city. 

Union Metallic Cartridge Coinpany was incorpo- 
rated in 1867. The officers are: M. Hartley, of New York,. 
President and Treasurer; A. C. Hobbs, Superintendent. The 
stock capital is $300,000. See on another page. 

Wheel and Wood Bending Company is located at 
77 John street, with a capital stock of $60,000. The officers 
are: Horace Smith, President; H. W. Smith, Secretary; Eli 
C. Smith, Treasurer. 

768 History of Stratford. 

The Waies Wheel Company was incorporated in 1881. 
The officers are : Henry Wales, President ; T. F. Wales, Sec- 
retary; H. A. Wales, Treasurer; Leon A. Abbott, Superin- 
tendent. They are located on the comer of Thompson street 
and Housatonic avenue. The capital stock is %2$fioo. 

Bridgeport CoacJi Xoee Company is located at 88 
John street. Nathan Buckingham, President; F. J. Nara- 
more, Secretary ; Charles F. Wood, Treasurer. The direct- 
ors are: Charles F. Wood, Nathan Buckingham, Enoch P. 
Hincks, F. J. Naramore. The capital stock is $1 5,00a 

Bridgeport BUmUc Webb Company is located at 1 14 
John street, with a capital stock of $50,000. The officers are: 
Edward Sterling, President; E. W. Marsh, Secretary; F. B. 
Hawley, Treasurer. 

The Bridgeport Forge Company was organized in 
January, 1883, ^^ith a capital of $150,000, and is located at 
the loot of Howard avenue. The officers are: President, 
Charles H. Pierce; Secretary and Treasurer, William F. 
Pinkham; Superintendent, Benjamin Fletcher, Jr. They 
manufacture wrought iron and steel forgings of all kinds, 
and are particularly equipped for marine and engine work 
of the heaviest descriptions. Their steam hammers and 
machine tools are the most powerful in the eastern States. 
Their locality on an inlet of the Sound, affords facilities for 
shipments of some of their goods by water, and a side track 
of the New York and New Haven railroad gives ready trans- 
portation by that method. 

The Bridgeport Copper Company was organized in 
June, 1885, with a capital of $50,000. The officers are: Pres- 
ident, A. F. Migeon; Treasurer, Charles H. Pierce; Secre- 
tary, William F. Pinkham. They are the sole refiners of the 
product of the Parrot Silver and Copper Company, of Butte, 
Montana, and acting as the Eastern fiscal agents for said 
W/Cstern company. Their refined copper is marketable both 
in this country and in Europe, and is known as the P. S. C. 
brand. The company's works here are located in connection 
with the forge company, although entirely a separate industry. 



Tfte Great Mre of 184S,— Reference has been made 
several times to the destruction of houses and stores by fire 
ID t84S- The accompanying cut illustrates somewhat the 
extent of the injury done. The fire was first discovered 

Wall St 

770 History of Stratford, 

about half past one o'clock in the morning of December 12, 
1845, in a large wooden building on the south side of Bank 
street, near Water, occupied by George A. Wells (A), as a 
boarding house and oyster saloon. It originated in the cel- 
lar, where there was a quantity of shavings and wood stored 
for fuel. It had made considerable progress before it was 
discovered, and it spread so rapidly that the family of Mr. 
Wells had time only to save themselves and a few articles of 
furniture. The weather was bitter cold, with a light breeze 
from the north and northwest. The alarm being given the 
firemen responded as quickly as possible, but their facilities 
for extinguishing the fire were very limited, the tide being 
low in the harbor they were unable to obtain any water, and 
therefore were powerless. Under these circumstances the 
fire spread until a large proportion of the business part of the 
city was destroyed. The number of buildings destroyed 
were forty-nine, all being built with wood; the letters and 
figures on the accompanying chart refer to descriptions of 
parties who owned or rented these buildings, as found in the 
Municipal Register of the city for 1882. The amount of loss 
was estimated at $150,000, on which there was an insurance 
of $80,000. 

Bridgeport JPost Office** — Previous to the year 1800 
the village of Newfield, consisting of a few stores on Water 
street and a few residences on Main and State streets, va^s a 
part of, and, as a business place, only an appendage to the 
town of Stratford, at which latter place all the town, probate 
and post office business was transacted. At that date the 
place arose to the dignity of the borough of Bridgeport, and, 
under the administration of Thomas Jefferson, a post office 
was established, and Amos B. Fairman appointed postmaster 
April I, 1801. Mr. Fairman is believed to have been the 
proprietor of the public house located on the southwest 
corner of Wall and Water streets, afterwards known as the 
Washington Hotel, the business of the post office being 
conducted in the north room of the building, which was 


' Contributed by F. W. Smith, an ex-postmaster, for the Bridgeport Municipal 
Register for 1876. 

Bridgeport. 771 

occupied as a drug store. The western terminus of the 
Bridgeport Bridge was then at the foot of Wall street, which 
made this point a convenient stopping place for the change 
•of the raails. 

Mr. Benjamin Bostwick soon afterward became the pro- 
prietor of the hotel, and he and his son Charles Bostwick — 
subsequently mayor of Bridgeport — held the office of post- 
master from 1804 to 1810. At that time the mail was brought 
from New York by a four horse stage coach, and "arrived 
between eight or nine o'clock or later in the evening, accord- 
ing to the condition of the roads. The entrance of the stage 
into the village was signalled by the long sounding of the 
horn, as it came down what was then an ordinary road, but 
is now State street. Mr. Bostwick removed his business and 
the office about 1809 to the corner of Bank and Water streets, 
and remained postmaster until he sold his business to Jesse 
Sterling, when he resigned the office and Mr. Sterling was 
appointed his successor. Not long after, a block of wooden 
buildings was erected, called then "the new block,** and Mr. 
Sterling removed his business and the post office into the 
store next to Hamilton's drug store, now occupied by Albert 
J. Wentworth, fruit dealer, number 70 State street. The 
office accommodations at that time consisted of a sort* of 
upright show case about thirty inches long by twenty-four 
inches wide, located at the rear of the store, and upon the 
mantel over the fire place, arranged behind tapes were placed 
the letters. Upon the opening of the mail it was the custom 
to call the names of persons for whom there were letters, and 
thus the whole village were able to keep track of each other's 

During the later years of Mr. Sterling's incumbency the 
business was transferred to the front of his premises on Main 
street, now occupied by Turney Hall as a fancy goods store, 
and known a$ number 318, the connection with the State 
street store being kept up at the rear. An elderly citizen 
has related that while the business was conducted in the 
store on State street, a single daily newspaper, the "Journal 
of Commerce," from New York, was taken in the place, by 
isaac Burroughs. On its arrival it was considered, by the 

772 History of Stratford. 

consent of Mr. Burroughs, public properly for a short time^ 
and the company gathered were treated to the news by some 
stentorian reader. 

When Andrew Jackson was elected president he adopted 
the policy *' to the victors belong the spoils," and at that time, 
there l^ing only five Jackson men in the town — Doct. Samuel 
Simons, Stephen Lounsbury, William B. Dyer, Mark Moore, 
and Asa Benjamin — it became necessary to appoint one of 
these gentlemen as postmaster. The two contestants were 
Doctor Simons and Stephen LtOunsbury, Jr., the former being 
known through the State as an old leading democrat, and Mn 
Lounsbury only as a young man of the firm of Smith and 
Lounsbury, dry goods dealers, on the corner of State and 
Water streets. 

The postage on letters was regulated at that time by a 
table of distances, as follows: 30 miles and under, 6 cents; 
over 30 and under 80, 10 cents; over 80 and under 150, 12}^ 
cents; over 150 and under 400, 18^ cents; over 400, 25 cents. 
Although the population of the place at that time was only 
1,500, the income of the office was of considerable importance, 
and hence the contest for it very earnest. Young Lounsbury, 
however, made an early start by securing all the names of the 
Jackson party except the doctor, and a letter of introduction 
to General Jackson from Mordccai M. Noah, editor of the 
'• New York National Advocate," and other letters to Martin 
Van Buren, Secretary of State, and William T. Berry, the 
Postmaster-General, he went to Washington, and by feeing 
the president's colored messenger with a half dollar, secured 
an early audience with " Old Hickory," and soon after re- 
ceived his commission as postmaster. Mr. Lounsbury estab- 
lished the post office on State street next door to the comer 
of State and Water streets, which was the first time the office 
was dignified with an entirely separate apartment, and with 
seventy-five private boxes. Here it remained about three 
years, when it was removed back to the corner of Wall and 
Water streets, under the old Washington hotel, which was at 
that time owned by Fitch Wheeler, a leading member of the 
Fairfield county bar, and who, desiring to add to the attrac- 
tions in that vicinity, fitted the office and rented it to Mr. 

Bridgeport. 773 

Lounsbury. After two years the Connecticut Bank, having 
conducted business in the store at the northwest corner of Wa- 
ter and Wall streets, built their present building on the corner 
of Wall and Main streets, made Mr. Lounsbury a liberal propo- 
sition, which was accepted, and the office was removed into 
the room under the bank. About this time* Mr. R. B. Lacey 
made his advent into Bridgeport and became assistant in the 
post office, which position he filled very acceptably for a 
number of years. Mr. Lounsbury became a leading business 
man of the place, and built a dwelling which occupied the 
site of the present St. John's Church, at the corner of Park 
and Fairfield avenues, and ornamented the grounds in a very 
attractive style, which was the first residence of the orna- 
mented kind in Bridgeport. His business becoming so ex- 
tended that he could not attend to the duties of the office, he 
resigned his position in December, 1836, accompanied with a 
recommendation in favor of Smith Tweedy as his successor. 
Mr. Tweedy was from Danbury, a hatter by trade, and kept 
a shop on the corner of Beaver and Middle streets, and being 
a very active man soon became one of the prominent demo- 
cratic politicians, and with William S. Pomeroy and Doctor 
Simons was the committee appointed by the government to 
expend $10,000 appropriated by Congress to dig out the bar 
in Bridgeport harbor. Mr. Tweedy remained in. the office 
during the administration of Mr. Van Buren, and kept it 
under the Connecticut bank to the end of his term. 

During Mr. Tweedy's term, arrangements were made for 
a partial mail service by steamboat from New York, the stage 
coach continuing to take the mails at night, since letters 
thereby reached the city of New York and were ready for 
delivery early the next morning. During the same period 
an express mail — at triple rates — was established from Boston 
to New Orleans, which continued only about two years. 

The success of the "Tippecanoe and Tyler too," cam- 
paign involved the removal of Mr. Tweedy, and Isaac Sher- 
man, Jr., became his successor. Mr. Sherman kept the office 
in a small building on the site of numbers 27 and 29 Wall 
street for a part of his time, and then removed the building 
and the office to the lot on Main street, south of the Sterling 


774 History of Sir at ford. 

house, where he continued the office during the balance of 
his term. 

When Jamte K. Polk was elected in 1&44, Philo F. Bar- 
num was appointed postmaster for the next four years and 
served his time» the mails being more fullj transferred from 
the stage coach to the boat Nimrod» under Captain Brooks.* 

Col. JulhiS W. JKnawttan, son of William S. Knowl- 
ton, was bom in Southbridge, Worcester Co., Mass., Novem- 
ber 28, 1838. When seven years of age his parents removed 
to Norwich, Conn., and after three years to Bridgeport, 
where he was educated in the public and private schools, 
giving particular attention to mathematical studies and civil 
engineering. In i860 he engaged in the coal business in 
Bridgeport, in which he continued until the breaking out of 
the Rebellion, when in 1862 he enlisted as a private in com- 
pany A, 14th Connecticut Volunteer Infantry, and upon the 
organization of the regiment was made commissary-sergeant. 
He subsequently acted as brigade-commissary in the brigade^ 
commanded by Gen. Dwight Morris, colonel of the 14th reg- 
iment. Executive ability has been the marked feature of 
Colonel Knowlton's life, and it was strikingly illustrated on 
the night of the battle of Antietam, when, with the utmost 
despatch he pushed his provision train to the front and was 
the first to provide his brigade with supplies. He was pro- 
moted to the second lieutenantcy of company C, the color 
company of his regiment, and was in command of that com- 
pany at the battle of Gettysburg. On the third day of that 
battle he was wounded, from the effects of which he has not 
fully recovered, and remained in a hospital on the field eleven 

* List Qftkt PMtmtmiUrs mi Bridgeport, with tJU doit #/ OaV m/fmmtmmi. mi tMJbem 

frwm tk£ Defmrtmumt mt IVmskimgtom, />. C 

Amos B. Fairmao. April i, x8oi Philo F. Barnum, September ss« 1S4S 

Charles Bostwick, Janaarj i, i8a| George Wade, JoIt 16. 1S4S 

BenjamiQ Bostwick, July i. 1806 Epaphras B. Goodsell. April ^ iSs3 

Charles Bostwick. October i. 1808 Friend W. Smith, Jr, May 16, i56i 

Jesse Sterling. September 15, 1810 George F. Tracy, April jh. 1S69 

Stephen Lounsbory. Jr^ May 8, 1839 James £. Dunham, November 9, 1S7S 

Smith Tweedy, January la, 1837 Julius W. Knowltoo. October 1$, 187s 
Isaac Sherman, Jr., April 12, 1841 

Bridgeport. 775 

days, when he was removed to Baltimore, and soon after 
came home. Early in the following January he returned to 
the front, but was unable to perform arduous military duty 
because of some spinal injury caused by the shock of the 
wound received, and March 29, 1864, was discharged for 
physical disability, and at the surrender of Lee was clerk in 
the provost marshal's office at Bridgeport. 

Upon the close of the war Colonel Knowlton received an 
appointment in the Adams Express Company, and subse- 
quently, in October, 1866, was one of three who purchased 
the Bridgeport "Standard,** the company being organized as 
a stock company the next January, with Mr. Knowlton as 
secretary and treasurer and business manager. This position 
he resigned in March, 1873, to take the superintendency of 
the Moore Car Wheel Company, of Jersey City, N. J., a 
large establishment, but the memorable "Black Friday*' 
came, and the business was ruined. On the 12th of October, 
1874, he accepted the position of chief of the division of dead 
letters at Washington, which division being then fourteen 
months in arrears and in disorder, was soon regulated to a 
thorough system, all arrears cleared up, and the office placed 
in complete running order. He was then made chief clerk of 
the post office department by Postmaster-General Jewell, a 
position which he held until October 15, 1875, when he 
received the appointment of postmaster at Bridgeport, and 
on November ist took possession of the office, which he has 
conducted with. his usual ability and with great satisfaction 
to the public. 

Politically Colonel Knowlton is a republican, and is 
active and prominent in the councils of the party. He has 
served two terms in the Legislature, has been a member of the 
Republican State Committee, and was on Governor Jewell'i 
staff, with the rank of colonel. He is also a prominent mem 
her of the Masonic fraternity, for he is now serving his third 
term as Eminent Commander, having also taken the thirty- 
second degree of Ancient and Accepted Scottish Rite. He 
is a member of the Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the 
United States. He has been Assistant Adjutant General of 
the Grand Army of the Republic of Connecticut, and a mem- 

776 . History of Stratford. 

ber of the National Council of Administration of the Grand 
Army, and in 1880 was a delegate to the National Encamp- 
ment of the Grand Army. He is also a trustee of the Me- 
chanics and Farmers Savings Bank, of Bridgeport. In 1885 
he was elected for the twenty-first consecutive time, Secretary 
of the Society of the 14th Connecticut Regiment, and through 
his faithful and earnest labors in this office the society has a 
full set of the reports of the annual meetings to the present 

Mr. Knowlton married December 17, 1866, Miss Jennie 
E. Fairchild, of Newtown, Conn., and they have had two 
children, both of whom are deceased. He traces his ances- 
tors back, in a regular line, to Thomas Knowlton, who came 
to Ipswich, Mass., in 1632 or 3. 

The HydratUie Company.^* — The effort to supply 
water by pipes to the people of Bridgeport was made by the 
Rev. Elijah Waterman about the year 1818. Certain springs 
of pure water near the corner of Golden Hill and Hewit 
streets were cleared and deepened, and the water conducted 
through the principal streets in wooden pipes, or, rather, 
bored logs. The enterprise was continued at first by 
Lewis C. Segee, who succeeded Mr. Waterman about the 
year 1823, and afterwards, in May, 1833, by Jesse Sterling, 
Stephen Hawley, Seth B. Jones, Ziba Northrop, Nicholas 
Northrop, Edwin Porter, and George Kippen, as a chartered 
company — the first grant made for a water company by the 
Connecticut Legislature — under the name of the Bridgeport 
Golden Hill Aqueduct Company, with a capital of $10,000, 
the water being obtained from the springs already mentioned. 

In 1853 the need of a more extensive supply of water, 
particularly for fire purposes, being felt, the Common Coun- 
cil granted to Nathan Green — agent of the Pequonnock Mills, 
in North Bridgeport — and to his assigns the exclusive privi- 
lege of laying down water pipes in the public streets, on con- 
dition that they should furnish the city and the inhabitants 
with a full supply of pure water for domestic, mechanical, 
and all ordinary uses, both public and private. Upon this 

^^ See Municipal Register for 1873. 

Bridgeport^ . ^^'J 

the Bridgeport Water Company was incorporated to Mr. 
Greene and others for this purpose in the year 1853, with a 
capital of $160,000, and during the following year a distribut- 
ing reservoir. in North Bridgeport was constructed and pipes 
laid through the principal streets of the city, the source of 
supply being the water of the Pequonnock river, which was 
pumped into the reservoir. 

The enterprise did not prove remunerative to the stock- 
holders, and, bonds to the amount of ninety thousand dollars 
having been issued, the company eventually fell into the 
hands of the bondholders by foreclosure, and in June, 1857, a 
charter was granted to a new corporation composed of the 
bondholders. By this charter, William S. Knowlton, N. 
Greene, J. H. Washburn, Joseph Richardson, and others be- 
came, under the name of the Bridgeport Hydraulic Com- 
pany, the successors of the Bridgeport Water Company, and 
the possessors of all its rights and franchises. Serious com- 
plaint having been made for a long time both as to the want 
of a sufficient supply and as to the quality of the water fur- 
nished, an act was passed by the General Assembly, July 2^ 
1873, authorizing the city to buy the works of the Bridge- 
port Hydraulic Company, or to build new works if a pur- 
chase could not be effected upon terms satisfactory to the 
city. This act was duly ratified by the city, but «it a city 
meeting called for the purpose, August 13, 1873, resolutions 
to«purchase the hydraulic company's works for the sum of 
three hundred thousand dollars were lost by twenty-seven 
majority, the whole number of votes cast being six hundred 
and seventy-six. A new proposition made by the company 
to a committee of the Common Council, to sell the works, 
franchises, etc., for the sum of two hundred and seventy-five 
thousand dollars was rejected, November 3, 1873, by a larger 
majority than the former one, namely, two hundred and twen- 
ty-three out of a vote of seventeen hundred and forty-three. 
Eventually, Joseph Richardson, up to this time the president 
and leading stockholder, sold his stock to the Hon. Amos S. 
Treat, and a new policy was inaugurated. The sources of 
supply have been greatly enlarged, old and worn-out pipe 
has been replaced in many sections with new pipe of good 

778 History of Stratford. 

quality, and mains have been laid in localities not before 
reached. Since August 25, 1875, ^^ date of Mr. Treat's pur- 
chase, the sum of one hundred and thirty-five thousand dol- 
lars has been expended in laying mains, and thirty thousand 
dollars in building new reservoirs. The total amount of 
mains now in use is forty-five miles, and the elevation of the 
distributing reservoirs above tide-water is one hundred and 
ten feet. The company now depends for water chiefly upon 
natural flow, resort to the pump being had only in dry 

The present sources of supply are: Trumbull reservoir, 
60 acres; Island Brook reservoir, 62 acres; Bunnell's Pond 
reservoir, 50 acres ; Bunnell's Upper Pond, 45 acres ; Ox- 
stream reservoir, 15 acres; Horse Tavern reservoir, 5 acres; 
Distributing reservoir, 3 acres; total 240 acres. 

The officers of the company are : President, P. T. Bar- 
num ; Secretary, C. H. Thorp; Treasurer, Amos S. Treat; 
Superintendent, George Richardson ; Auditor, Samuel WiU 
mot; Directors, P. T. Barnum, Amos S. Treat, N. Wheeler, 
T. B. DeForest, J. Richardson, Samuel Wilmot, William H. 
Perry, Samuel W. Baldwin. 

The Bridgeport lAght-hoiise.—Tht late Capt. Abra- 
ham McNeil established a light at the entrance of Bridgeport 
Harbor about the year 1844, which was at first a lantern 
upon the end of a buoy, afterwards a whale-boat decked over 
and carrying a light, and then a group of five piles with a 
lantern upon the centre one. In 185 1, upon the petition of 
Capt. John Brooks, a small light-house was erected here by 
the government, the predecessor of the present one which 
was built in 1871. It is located about one and a half miles 
from the city, and consists of a tower and dwelling painted 
white, with slate-colored Mansard roof and black lantern. 
The house stands upon iron piles. In entering the harbor 
vessels must pass to the eastward and not nearer than two 
hundred feet. The light is a fixed, red one, fifty-three feet 
above the sea-level, and the fog-signal is a cast-steel bell 
struck by machinery every fifteen seconds. S. Adolphus 
McNeil is light-house keeper. 

Bridgeport. 779 

St. John^s Lodge, No. 3, of Free and Accepted Masons; 
of Bridgeport, was founded under a charter dated February 
12, 1762, and issued by George Harrison, Grand Master of 
the province of New York, to Eleazer Hubbell of Stratfield, 
in the county of Fairfield and colony of Connecticut. There 
was then no Grand Lodge in Connecticut ; there being but 
two local lodges — Hiram, No. i, of New Haven, instituted in 
1750, and St. John's, No. 2, of Middletown, instituted in 1754. 
The first meeting of St. John's Lodge at Stratfield under its 
charter was at the house of Capt. Samuel Wakeman which 
stood on the street now called Park avenue, a short distance 
south of State street, February 15, 1762, there being five mem- 
bers present, namely, Arnout Cannon, of the city of New 
York, who officiated as Master, pro tern.: Joseph Knapp and 
Isaac Young, of Fairfield ; Eleazer Hubbell, of Stratfield ; and 
J. Anderson, who acted as secretary, and was perhaps a visit- 
ing brother, as his name occurs but once afterwards in the 
records of this lodge. It was a special meeting called for the 
purpose of initiating David Wheeler and Wolcott Chauncey. 
The first regular meeting was held at the house of Richard 
Hubbell, who lived on the street now called Clinton avenue, 
February 24, 1762, On July 14th of the same year occurred 
the first election of officers, when Eleazer Hubbell was chosen 

The meetings continued to be held in Stratfield until 
December 8, 1762, when the lodge was removed to the house 
of Isaac Young, in Fairfield. Two years later it was removed 
to " the sign of the Anchor," probably this was the inn at 
Fairfield village. In January, 1763, it was voted that the 
lodge should have a seal and parchment, and that the secre- 
tary should charge three shillings for giving a certificate. 
The initiation fee was three pounds ten shillings until 1780, 
when it was fixed at three pounds silver money. Several 
items recorded show that the "refreshments" were what 
would now be called convivial; for among the furnishings for 
the lodge-room were glasses and a punch-bowl, while by 
special vote it was made the duty of the steward "to provide 
necessaries for the lodge, rum, sugar, pipes and tobacco." 
Frequent mention is made, in the records, of the celebration 

78o History of Stratford. 

of the two St. John's Days — ^June 24th and December 27th, 
when the members of the lodge and invited guests usually 
dined together after listening to a sermon by some of the 
clergy. The Rev. Andrew Elliot, of Fairfield, was a fre- 
quent guest upon these occasions, and the names of the Rev. 
Messrs. Lamson, Sayre, Baldwin and Shelton also occur in 
this connection. Tokens of good will were often voted to the 
officiating clergymen, such as a piece of calico (then seventy- 
five cents a yard) for a summer gown to the Rev. Mr. Elliot, 
a pair of silk gloves to the Rev. Mr. Stebbins in return for a 
"very ingenuDus and pathetic discourse" in memory of a 
brother lost at sea. The following also, dated February 25, 
1793 : •• Voted unanimously. That Bros. Lacey and Cannon 
wait on the Rev. 'Philo Shelton and present him with the 
thanks of this lodge, as likewise one guinea, for his excellent 
discourse on St. John's Day, 27th December 1792, at New- 

. Among the prominent members of the lodge while it re- 
mained in Fairfield, were Jonathan Bulkley, who for seven- 
teen years was elected Master ; General Elijah Abel, the 
county sheriff; Lieut. Isaac Jarvis and Capt. Samuel Smed- 
ley, of Revolutionary fame, the latter, afterwards the col- 
lector of customs for Fairfield District; and Dr. Francis 
Forgue, the leading physician of the village, who for many 
years was a constant attendant. On Christmas Day, Decem- 
ber 25, 1782, the following resolution was passed in the lodge: 
" That Brother Abel be desired to wait on Brother Forgue 
and know whether it is his desire that prayers be desired for 
him at the Throne of Grace, under his present indisposition 
of body." A few weeks later the brethren followed his body 
to its last resting-place. 

On January 14, 1784, St. John's Lodge participated by its 
delegates in the formation of the present Grand Lodge of the 
State, on which occasion Pierrepont Edwards, of New Haven» 
but afterwards of Bridgeport, was chosen Grand Master. 
No allusion to either, the Revolution or the War of 1812, is 
made in the records, but in December, 1799, it was voted> 
**That the members of the lodge wear suitable mourning 
upon the arm, during the pleasure of the lodge, in token of 

Bridgeport. 781 

respect for the memory of the late M. W. Grand Master of 
the United States, George Washington.** 

During the War of the Revolution intervals of several 
months occurred in which no meetings were held, and from 
1786 to 1789, the meetings wer^ very infrequent and but 
slenderly attended. In 1789, through the eflForts of Josiah 
Lacey, Lambert Lockwood and Daniel Young, influential 
members of the order engaged in business at the thriving set- 
tlement of Newfield, which centered near the present corner 
of Water and State streets, in Bridgeport, the lodge was re- 
moved to this place. The first meeting was held at the house 
of Daniel Young, which is still standing on the southwest 
corner of Union and Water streets, June 24, 1789. Nine 
members and four visiting brethren were present, and officers 
were elected, and delegates to the convention chosen ; after 
which the brethren adjourned to the public-house of William 
Peet, " where they dined and drank in good harmony." 

On January 27, 1790, the lodge voted to meet at the 
house of Mr. William Peet, innkeeper, upon the north side of 
State street, where the post-office now stands, ** until a more 
convenient place can be provided," and on December 14^ 
1791, it was voted "to remove to the chambers of Brother 
Josiah Lacey's house," which stood on the south side of State 
street, between Main and Water. On December 12, 1792, it 
was voted to remove to the house of Isaac Hinman,' which 
^tood on the southwest corner of Wall and Water streets. 

From 1809 to 1812, by order of the Grand Lodge, this 
lodge was obliged to meet within one mile of the court-house^ 
in the town of Fairfield. In 1812, it returned to the house of 
Ephraim Knapp, who succeeded Mr. Hinman on the corner 
of Wall and Water streets, and since then it has met in 

During the years 1831 and 1832, on account of the sup- 
posed abduction of Morgan, public feeling ran high against 
Free Masonry. It was accused of being an institution danger- 
ous to the community and injurious to morality and religion. 
To meet this, a defense of Freemasonry, signed by fifty mem- 
bers of St John's Lodge, was published in the local newspa- 
pers, and among the names were the following well known 

782 History of Stratfara. 

men : Hanford Lyon, Philo Hurd, Wilson Hawley, Gen. 
Enoch Foot, Charles Foote, William Peet, Rev. H. R. Judah, 
rector of St. John's Church, Dr. William B. Nash, Abijah 
Hawley, Ezekiel Hubbell, Eli Thompson, and Gideon Thomp- 
son, as well as others of equal standing in the community. 
After 1847, Masonry beg^n to revive, and meetings were held 
at first in the old lodge-room, in the upper story of the 
school-house No. 200 State street, afterwards upon the north- 
west corner of State and Water streets, then over Ferris 
Hurd's store on Water street, at the foot of State, and finally, 
in 1855, in the present well known and elegant rooms in the 
Sturdevant Building, corner of Main and Bank streets. 

On February 12, 1862, the centennial anniversary of St. 
John's Lodge No. 3, was celebrated by interesting exercises 
held in the First Methodist Episcopal Church, and a supper 
at Franklin Hall, at which about four hundred members of 
the order with invited guests were present. 

The present membership of St. John's Lodge No. 3, is 
about five hundred. 

The Corinthian JOodgCg No. 104, was chartered May 
22, 1868, and now numbers about one hundred members. It 
meets in the same rooms as the St. John's Lodge. 

JECamMton Commandery, No. 5, Knights Templar, 
was chartered, under the name of Hamilton Encampment, 
May 10, 1855, with sixteen charter members, all of whom had 
originally belonged to Clinton Commandery. 

The following are the names and dates of organization of 
other Masonic bodies in Bridgeport: 

Jerusalem Chapter ^ No. 13, R. A. M., October 21, 18 13. 

Jerusalem CoiincU, No. 16, R. and S. M., in 1827. 

DeWUt Clinton Lodge of Perfeetlorif in May, 1858. 

Pequonnoek CJiapter, R. C, June i, 1858. 

Washington Council^ P. of J., June i, 1858. 

Lafayette Consistory^ S. P. of R. S., June i, 1858. 

Bridgeport. Jr83 

IivAependent Ovder of Odd Fellows. — The Quinni- 
piac Lodge, of New Haven, instituted September 3, 1839, 
was the introduction of the society of Independent Order of 
Odd Fellows into Connecticut. In April, 1840, Charter Oak 
Lodge, No. 2, of Hartford, and Middlesex Lodge, No. 3, of 
East Haddam, were founded, followed June 11,1841, by that 
of the Pcquonnock Lodge, No. 4, of Bridgeport, the petition 
for which was signed by George H. Johnson, John M. Wil- 
son, Gilson Landon, Samuel L. Eldred, and George Walters, 
all of this city. The first place of meeting was in a small 
room in the upper story of number 35 Wall street, but in 
January, 1845, ^ larger hall was occupied at number 407 
Water street. On February 4, 1847, Arcanum Lodge, No. 
41, was instituted, its first officers being Ira Morse, N. G. ; 
W. H. Lacey, V. G. ; W. H. Williams, Secretary; L. C. 
Shepard, Treasurer. The place of meeting was the same 
with the Pequonnock Lodge. For a number of years these 
lodges prospered financially and numerically, but the interest 
having declined, and secret societies generally being out of 
favor with the public, in 1856 Arcanum Lodge surrendered 
its charter, and in i860 its example was followed by Pequon- 
nock Lodge. 

Steuben Lodge, No. 83, of this city, was instituted April 
I, 1867, and for a long time met at the old hall on Watefr 
street, but on July 9, 1879, having greatly increased in mem- 
bership and in funds, it removed to its present elegant rooms 
in Stanton block, on State street. The charter of the Pequon- 
nock Lodge was renewed February 2, 1869, on petition of 
Martin Concord, F. H. Stevens, J. L. Roberts, Ebenezer 
Wheeler, and Lewis Sherman, former members. Its meet- 
ings were held at first on Water street, but in January, 1871, 
it removed to the hall over the People's Savings Bank, corner 
of Main and Bank streets, and on April 19, 1873, ^^ >ts present 
hall in the upper story of the Burroughs Building, on the 
corner of Main and John streets. These rooms were fitted, 
frescoed, furnished, and carpeted very handsomely by the 
lodge, and the hall is the largest occupied in the State by the 
order. Arcanum Lodge, Ncj. 41, was revived March 17, 1875, 
and meets at present in the hall of the Pequonnock Lodge, 

784 History of Stratford. 

while Lessing, No. 94, organized December 14, 1874, has 
always met over the People's Savings Bank, and, like its' 
parent, Steuben Lodge, works in the German language. 

In the year 1876 it was thought advisable to begin to 
hold meetings of the order in East Bridgeport, and Harris 
Lodge, No. 99, was begun October 27th of that year, at num- 
ber 224 East Main street, with thirty-eight members; but a 
severe storm having unroofed the building,. the lodge removed 
to its present rooms on East Washington avenue, about Jan- 
uary I, 1877. Charity Lodge, No. 4, and Friendship Lodge,. 
No. 13, Degree of Rebekah, were instituted May 7, 1870, and 
on February 13, 1874, the latter working in the Germaa 
language. Both of these bodies are composed of members 
of the other subordinate lodges and their wives, and are in a 
flourishing condition. 

Stratfield Encampment, No. 23, was instituted July 16,. 
1869, with seven charter members, and meets in the hall o£ 
Pequonnock Lodge. The whole number admitted to mem- 
bership in it is 231. It now numbers about 100, including a 
battalion of about forty uniformed patriarchs. Bridgeport 
Encampment, No. 22, was chartered May 17, 1870, and meets 
in the hall of Steuben Lodge, on State street. Its member- 
ship is about ninety. Each of the lodges and encampments 
makes its own by-laws respecting the amount of admission 
fees and weekly and funeral benefits. 

The Mutual Aid Association, composed of odd fellows 
throughout the State, has about 400 members in Bridgeport. 
It pays upon the death of a member $1,500 in one class, and 
$500 in another class. There is also a sick benefit association 
in connection with the Pequonnock and Arcanum Lodges^ 
which pays five dollars per week during sickness, in addition 
to the regular benefits paid by the lodge. Another mutual 
aid association of members of these two lodges has about 100 
names upon its roll, each one of whom pays two dollars upon 
the decease of any member of the association. 

In addition to the necessary expenses of fitting up lodges 
and rents, there has been paid for relief of members of Bridge- 
port organizations since the revival of the order, in 1867, not 
far from $18,000, while the whole number of persons admitted 
to membership during the same period is about 1,200. 

Bridgeport. 785 

In addition to the masons and odd fellows, there are in 
Bridgeport more than fifty societies of various descriptions, 
holding regular meetings, and some of ihem doing excellent 
work. Among them are some fifteen diflFerent temperance 
organizations, a Bible society, the Knights of Pythias and 
Knights of Honor, a dramatic society, a medical association, 
the St. George, Caledonian, Emmett, and other clubs, the 
Fireman's Benevolent Association, the Ladies' Charitable 
Society, a Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals, 
several military companies, and other singing and gymnastic 

Bridgeport Division j No. 24, Sons of Temperance, 
meets every Tuesday evening at G. A. R. Hall. W. P., Ralph 
Ritch ; W. A., Mary Abbott; R. S., Minnie Hawes; A. R. S., 
Harry S. Gaylord ; F. S., Robert P. Hinckley; Treasurer, 
Henry Chewenhill ; Chaplain, William J. Smith; C, Jennie 
G. Hawes; A. C, Drucillia Friar; I. S., Charles Comstock; 
O. S., George J. Mills. 

lAving 8i}Hng Division, No. 22, Sons of Temperance, 
W. P., Frank W. Mellen ; W. A., Sarah F. Jackson ; R. S., 
Charles W. Hinckley ; A. R. S., Rosa Kinsella ; F. S., Ste- 
phen L. Conner; Treasurer, Mrs. C. M. Conger; Chaplain, 
•Mrs. Nellie Thompson; C, Mrs. Sarah Wooten ; A. C, Sadie 
McNaughton; I. S., W. L. Bayles; O. S., Mrs. Electra Cot- 
trell; P. W. P., Mrs. Emma J. Emmons. The regular meet- 
ing is held every Monday evening, in Temperance Hall, at 
J 8 Beach street. 

JPequonnock Lodge, No. 30, Good Templars. This 
lodge was instituted March 22, 1866. The following are the 
present officers: W. C. T., Thomas Walker; Secretary, Mrs. 
H.E. Havens; Treasurer, Annie E. Fox ; P. W. C. T., William 
H. Foskct; Lodge Deputy, Frederick L. Bray. The regular 
meeting is held every Friday evening in Grand Army Hall, 
over the post office. 

Nonpareil Lodge, No. 187, Good Templars. The rcg. 
ular meeting is held every Thursday evening in Temperance 
Hall, in Beach street. 

786 History of Stratford. 

Crystal Fount Temple of Honor and Temperance. 

—W. C. T., J. A. Keinsella ; W. V. T., L. C. Williams; W. R,, 
L. J. Maynard; W. A- R.» Joseph Youngs; W. F. R., H. C. 
Bartlet; W. T., T. Hands; W. Chaplain, C. Bogardus; 
W. U., G. Tngalls; W. D. U., F. Jefiers; W, G., J. Rhodes; 
W. S., J. Sawyer; Trustees, J.- A. Keinsella, C. Bogardus, 
R. W. Davis, The regular meetings are held on Thursday 
evenings, in Pythian Hall, at 45 Wall street, corner of Main. 

Father Matthew Young Men^s T. A. B. Society ^ 

was organized October, 1868. President, J. J. Hagerty; 
Vice-President, John Reilly; Recording Secretary, George 
T. Kelly ; Financial Secretary, John Kearney ; Corresponding 
Secretary, W. H. Barry; Treasurer, Patrick Kane; Marshall, 
John Maher ; Sergeant-at-Arms, Patrick Noonan. The regu- 
lar meetings are held on the first Sunday and the third Thurs- 
day in each month, at number 444 Main street. 


St. Mary^s T. A. B. Society f was organized May 24, 

1868. President, John A. Muldoon; Vice-President, John 
Curran; Recording Secretary, John O'Hara; Finance Secre- 
tary, Thomas E. Hearan; Treasurer, Martin Quinlin. The 
regular meetings are held the first and third Tuesday even-^ 
ing in each month, in St. Joseph's Convent. 

St. Patricias T. A. B. Society was organized October, 
1868. President, Timothy Shanahan; Vice-President, John 
McCarthy.; Secretary, James Noonan; Financial Secretary, 
John Nagle; Treasurer, Hugh McCaughalty ; Marshal, Ed- 
ward Hanley. The meetings are held on the first Thursday 
of each month, at 444 Main street. 

Woman^s Christian Temperance Union. — Presi- 
dent, Mrs. C. E. Sanford; Secretary, Mrs. S. R. Wilmot; 
Treasurer, Miss E. C. Porter; Executive Committee, Mrs. 
C. E. Sanford, Mrs. S. R. Wilmot, Miss E. C. Porter, Mrs. 
S. P. Gay, and Miss J. E. Prindle. Woman's meeting on 
Thursday at 3 o'clock P. M. 

TJie Orphan Asylum. — The Bridgeport Protestant 
Orphan Asylum was organized December 11, 1867, and in- 
corporated May 6, 1868, **lor the purpose of relieving, sup- 

Bridgeport. 787 

porting, and educating children who are friendless and deso- 
late," Miss Lydia R. Ward, Mrs. Eliza S. W. Jones, Mrs. 
Mary L. Clapp, and forty-seven other ladies being the in- 
corporators. The building now occupied as an asylum, 
number 119 Lafayette street, was completed March 31, 1870, 
and cost $13,000 The land upon which it stands was the 
gift of Nathaniel Wheeler, Isaac H. Whiting, and Francis 
Ives. A new building for hospital purposes has been added 
at a cost of $1,000. 

The officers of the institution are: Miss Lydia R. Ward, 
President; Mrs. Edward Sterling, Vice-President ; Mrs. S. B. 
Sumner, Chief Manager; Mrs. Gustav Ohnesorg, Recording 
Secretary ; Miss Henrietta M. Noble, Corresponding Secre- 
tary; Miss Georgiana Gossling, Treasurer; Miss S. C. Ward, 
Mrs. Russell Tomlinson, Providers; Mrs. Russell Tomlinson, 
Miss S. C. Ward, Mrs. E. L. Gaylord, Standing Committee; 
and Nathaniel Wheeler, George Mallory, E. S. Hawley, 
Edward Sterling, Clapp Spooner, and William D. Bishop, 

Tlie BHdffejwvt Scientific Society.— In August, 1877, 
a society under the name of the Bridgeport Society of Natural 
Science, afterward changed to ** The Bridgeport Scientific 
Society," was formed with the following officers : President, 
H. N. Powers, D.D.; Vice-President, Clarence Sterling; Sec- 
retary, Geo. C. Waldo; Corresponding Secretary, W. L. 
Sherwood; Treasurer, T. E. Peck; Curator, H. T. Hickok; 
Librarian, Leonard Sterling. Miss Annie Sterling was after- 
wards appointed Historian, which position she occupied till 
her death. 

It rapidly increased in numbers, the interest in its work 
developed largely and the community was very much im- 
pressed with its efforts and the various public meetings 
which it held from time to time. Its museum and library 
grew to very considerable proportions, and the success of its 
members in the various fields of study and research adopted 
by them has been very gratifying. The society has rooms in 
the Wales Building on Main street, second story, and all except 
its more important public meetings have been holden there. 
It has had hundreds of papers read before it, has given hun- 

788 History of Stratford. 

dreds of public lectures by members of the society and scien- 
tists from abroad, which have been well attended, and its in- 
fluence is widely felt and acknowledged. Classes in various 
scientific branches have been organized under competent in- 
structors, and the work done is of a very satisfactory charac- 
ter. The Rev. Dr. Powers continued president of the society 
till 1885 when he left Bridgeport, and Mr. Isaac Holden was 
elected in his place. The present officers are: President, 
Isaac Holden, Esq.; Vice-President, Charles M. DePuy, Esq.; 
Secretary, W. T. Van York; Assistant Secretary, Dr. C. S. 
Hoag; Corresponding Secretary, L. H. Baker; Treasurer, 
G. J. Brown ; Assistant Treasurer, Rev. G. B. Day ; Curator, 
C. K. Averill; Librarian, L. H. Baker. The society has a 
very fine Herbarium, containing upwards of 500 specimens of 
local plants, collected largely through the efforts of the Presi- 
dent, Mr. Holden, and which is being increased from time to 
time as new species are discovered. 

Hawef^ Opera Jlotise, located on Fairfield avenue, is 
the only institution of the kind in the city. Mr. Edmund V. 
Hawes, a native of Sherman, Conn., came to Bridgeport in 
1864, and commenced building this house for an Opera, in 
August, 1876, and completed it April, 1877, upon land pur- 
chased of Hanford Lyon. The dimensions of the theatre are : 
60 feet by iio, on the ground floor, with balcony and gallery, 
having a seating capacity of 1,300. There are four aisles be- 
low making sections A. B. C. ; three aisles in the balcony 
making sections D. E. F. ; four proscenium boxes seating 
thirty persons. The proscenium arch is 32 feet; stage 40 feet 
by 60; height of scenery 20 feet. The building is heated by 
steam, and is managed by Mr. Hawes, the proprietor. The 
theatre, for nearly ten years has been occupied by the highest 
class of dramatic and musical entertainments and lectures, 
and is a popular place of entertainment. 

Bridgeport City Government for 1885-6. 

Mayor — Hon, Henry H. Pyle, 

Aldermen — ist ward, Civilian Fones ; 2d ward, Daniel W. Kissam ; 3d ward, 
Philo H. Skidmore, Jr.; 4th ward, Thomas Ronan, Jr.; 5th ward, Jerome OrcuU ; 
•6th ward, Aurelius Steward. 



Aldermen at Large — ^Jacob B. Klein, Henry A. Bishop, Henry R. Parrott, Wil- 
Ham Lowe, Daniel M. Ford, Charles Paul. 

Councilmen — ist ward, Richard B. Cogswell, Walter Nichols, William Couch ; 
8d ward, George B. Whitney, Howard G. Hubbell, William F. Pinkham ; 3d ward, 
James H. Dorus, John N. Near, Michael Frawley ; 4th ward, Patrick J. Kelly, 
James A. Howard, John T. Logan ; 5th ward, Horace L. Eames, George E. Somers, 
Henry T. Hawley ; 6th ward, John B. Sullivan, Rudolph Laubscher, Jacob W, 

City Clerk — Christopher A. Mooney ; City Treasurer— Traccy B. Warren ; 
City Auditor — Bernard Keating. 

Judge of City Court— Alfred B. Beers ; Deputy Judge — Charles A. Doten ; 
City Attorney— David B. Lockwood ; Prosecuting Officer— John C. Chamberlin ; 
City Sheriffs— Joseph H. Perry and Dwight Thompson. 

Collector of Assessments — William W. Robinson. 

Board of Public Works— Peter W. Wren, Edward R. Ives. George A. Nor- 
throp, Charles R. Brothwell, E. G. Burnham, Charles G. Sanford. 

Street Commissioner — Bradford D. Pierce. 

Park Commissioners— William H. Noble, Albert Eames, William H. Perry, 
P. T. Barnum. 

Sealer of Weights and Measures — Edward Lehman. 

City Surveyor — H. G. Scofield. 

Fire Marshall — ^Joseph Hotchkiss. 

Janitor— Patrick Lynch. 

Board of Health— B. D. Pierce, Doct. Francis J. Young, William R. Palmer; 
Clerk — Christopher A. Mooney ; Health OflTicer — Richard Fitzgibbons. 

Mayors of the City of Bridgeport and year of their election. 

1836 Isaac Sherman, Jr., 

1837 Daniel Sterling, 

1838 Alanson Hamlin, 

1839 Charles Foote, 

1840 Charles Bostwick, 

1841 William P. Burrail, 

1843 James C. Loom is. 

1844 Henry K. Harral, 
1847 Sherwood Sterling, 
1849 Henry K. Harral, 
i8si John Brooks. Jr., 
185a Henry K. Harral, 

1853 Charles B. Hubbell, 

1854 John Brooks, Jr., 

1855 P. C. Calhoun, 
1858 Silas C. Booth, 
i860 D. H. Sterling, 

1863 Clapp Spooner, 

1864 Jarratt Morford, 

The following reduced fac 
qualifying of the first Mayor of 


1865 Stillman S. Clapp, 

1866 Men son Hawley, 

1868 Jarratt Morford, 

1869 Monson Hawley, 

1870 Jarratt Morford, 

1871 E. B. Goodsell, 

1874 Robert T. Clarke, 

1875 Phineas T. Barnum, 

1876 Jarratt Morford, 

1878 Robert E. DeForest, 

1879 John L. Wessells, 

1880 Daniel N. Morgan, 
188 r John L. Wessells, 

1882 Carlos Curtis, 

1883 John L. Wessells, 

1884 Daniel N. Morgan, 

1885 Henry H. Pyle. 

1886 Civilian Fones. 

simile certificate was given, as it shows, upon the 


History of Stratford, 


9^ '^i^irT//^^* 


Clerks of the City of Bridgeport and year of their election. 

1836 Ira Sherman, 

1868 William E. Barnett, 

1844 J* H. Adams, 

1869 Wilfred E. Norton. 

1845 Stephen Hawley, 

1870 Stephen S. Blake, 

1854 John M. Wilson, 

187X Morris W. Seymour, 

1857 Samuel Jones, 

1872-3 James King, 

1858 George F. Tracf, 

1874-5-6 Morris B, Beardsley, 

. 1864 John T. Shelton, 

1877-1882 Bernard Keating. 

1865 David B. Lockwood, 

1883-4-5 Christopher A. Mooney. 

1867 George F. Tracy, 

Representatives ^ 

from Bridgeport. 

182a Enoch Fooie, 

1840 Joseph Thompson. 

1823 Joseph Backus, 

1841 James Fitch. 

1824 William Peet, 

1842 Abijah Hawley, 

1825 William DeForest, 

1843 Sherwood Sterling, 

1826 Noah Plumb, 

1844 Alexander Hamilton. 

1827 Smith Tweedy, 

1845 Dwight Morris, 

1828 Thomas C. Wordin, 

1846 Joseph F. Crosby. 

1829 Smith Tweedy, 

1847 Joshua Lord, 

1830 Samuel Simons, 

1848 Henry F. Huggins, 

1831 Enoch Foote, 

1849 Silas B. Booth, 

1832 Noah Plumb, 

1850 William S. Pomeroy, 

1833 Smith Tweedy. 

1851 Wyllys Lyon, 

1834 Noah Plumb. 

1852 Wyllys Lyon, 

1835 Daniel O. Wheeler. 

1853 Joseph F. Crosby, 

1836 Smith Tweedy, 

1854 Thomas S. Oakley, 

1837 William S. Pomeroy, 

1855 Silas C. Booth, 

1838 Henry Dutton. 

1856 James C. Loomis, 

1839 Henry Dutton, 

1857 Philo C. Calhoun. 

The word "me" is out in the origin 

al fac-simile. 



1858 Amos S. Treat, 

1859 Allison A. Peuengill, 
i860 James C. Loomis, 

1 861 George W. Bacon, 
1 86a Amos S. Treat, 

1863 Russell Tomlinson, 

1864 Dwight Morris, 

1865 Samuel Larkin, 

1866 Nathaniel Wheeler, 

1867 George Mai I or}', 

1868 Nathaniel Wheeler, 

1869 Amos S. Treat, 

1870 Nathaniel Wheeler, 

1871 William D. Bishop, 
187a Nathaniel Wheeler, 

1873 Goodwin Stoddard, 

1874 Robert Hubbard, 

1875 Carlos Curtis, 
David B. Lock wood, 

1876 Robert Hubbard, 
George W. Bacon, 

1877 Carlos Curtis, 
George W. Bacon, 

1878 Phineas T. Barnum, 
Stephen Nichols, 

1879 Phineas T. Barnum, 
Amos S. Treat, 

1880 Dwight Morris, 
John Sexton, 

1881 David M. Read, 
Robert E. Deforest, 

1 88a A. H. Abernethy, 
Peter W. Wren, 

1883 David B. Lockwood, 
Daniel N. Morgan, 

1884 William H. Noble, 
Albert M. Tallmadge, 

1885 John J. Phelan, 
L. Myron Slade, 

1886 John J. Phelan, 
Henry A. Bishop. 

Tlie Fire Department of Bridgeport, One of the first 
public measures of the citizens of the village of Newfield, was 
to form themselves into a fire company, which was incorpo- 
rated in 1797. Another act in regard to it was passed in the 
following year, and in 1834 a third fire company was char- 
tered, followed, in 1840, by the Phoenix Fire Company, No. 4, 
and the Pequonnock Fire Company, of North Bridgeport, 
and in 1845 by the Bridgeport Hose Company. The engines 
at first were of the kind that the water was poured into them 
and then thrown by the instrument upon the fire, so that at 
the alarm of fire the citizens ran to the place with their fire 
bucket in hand, formed a line to a convenient well, and passed 
the buckets filled, and poured the water into the engine tank. 
The first very large fire occurred in 1835, when the buildings 
of a considerable district in the heart of the city were con- 

A great conflagration occurred in the morning of Decem- 
ber II, 1845, when the buildings on the eastern side of Water 
street and both sides of Wall and State streets were destroyed. 
Forty-nine buildings were consumed, and the loss was esti- 
mated at $125,000. See cut on page 769. 


792 History of Straiford, 

The first effective engine was that purchased for company 
No. 5, which was built in New York at a cost of $i,ooo. 
Within a week after its arrival the steam flour mill near the 
corner of Water street and South avenue was burned, and ten 
days after the Methodist Episcopal Church edifice shared the 
same fate. Previous to 1847 there was no organized fire 
department, the several companies being not only independ- 
ent of each other, but frequently antagonistic. A by-law 
drafted by R. B. Lacey, providing for the appointment of a 
board of engineers and the enforcement of better discipline^ 
was adopted in that year, and continued in force until the 
adoption of a paid fire department. The steam fire engine 
D. H. Sterling, No. i, was purchased by the city in January, 
1864, and proved so successful that in May, 1865, steamer 
Proctor, No. 2, was purchased, and in August of the same 
year steamer Excelsior, No. 5. 

In October, 1872, the volunteer fire department was dis- 
banded, and a paid department substituted for it. Charles A. 
Gerdenier, who had been at the head of the volunteer organ- 
ization since 1869, was appointed chief engineer and has held 
this important office since that time. This department of the 
city government is equipped with the usual engines, bell- 
towers, alarms, common in the cities of the day, at a cost of 
over one hundred thousand dollars. 

Besides the chief engineer, the active force of the depart-- 
ment consists of nine assistant engineers, seven drivers, and 
forty-five hose and hook and ladder men ; in all, sixty-two 
persons. The government is in the hands of a board of com- 
missioners. It has had good success since its organization in 
subduing fires, although there have been several serious con- 
flagrations effecting considerable loss of property, such as the 
burning of the steamboat Alice at the dock, July 22, 1852, 
loss, $25,000; the carriage factory of F. Wood and Company^ 
on Broad street, December 22, 1865; the lumber yard of 
Beardsley, Wilson and Company, May 28, 1871 ; the planing 
mill and lumber yard of S. Nickerson and Son, September 
30, 1872; the Courtland Block, February 21, 1873; ^^^ Pres- 
byterian church, December 9, 1874; the cabinet factory of the 
Wheeler and Wilson Company, December 14, 1875; and the 

Bridgeport. 793 

hat factory of Glover Sanford and Sons, June 7, 1877, on 
which occasion eleven lives were lost by the falling of a wall ; 
and the burning of the large building of the Howe Manufact- 
uring Company in 1883. 

The present commissioners of the fire department are: 
Samuel W. Baldwin, William E. Seeley, Eli Dewhurst, Henry 
Atwaten The Chief Engineer is Charles A, Gerdenier, and 
the assistants are: Joseph B. King, Peter Ring, Daniel 

Adanis Exi)re88 Company^— Vf\\\\2im F. Harden was 
the first man to commence running an express between Bos- 
ton and New York in February, 1839, ^"^ ^s regarded as the 
founder of the express business in this country. In May, 
1840, Alvin Adams commenced in opposition to Harden, and 
for several years Mr. Adams was his own messenger, cashier, 
clerk and porter. In 1843, he first began to use horses and 
wagons in delivering packages, and soon afterwards Adams 
and Company made a contract with the Treasury Depart- 
ment for the transportation of government funds, which their 
successors still continue. On the opening of the New York 
and New Haven railroad, October 26, 1848, a daily express 
was established. 

The office of the Adams Express Company was after- 
wards located under the Sterling House, but subsequently 
removed to the York House building, on the West side 
of Water, near Union street, and thence to its present loca- 
tion, in the depot building at the foot of Fairfield avenue. 
The Adams Express Company was formed by the consolida- 
tion of some half a dozen other lines, July i, 1854. The head- 
quarters of the New England division were removed from 
Hartford to Bridgeport, April 2, 1865 ; to Boston, September 
I, 1868; to Hartford, September 2, 1869, and again to Bridge- 
port February 6, 1876, which is still the central office in New 
England. The officers and representatives of this company 
residing at Bridgeport are : Henry Sanford, General Super- 
intendent ; Clapp Spooner, Resident Manager, and Superin- 
tendent of the New England Division ; William L. Hubbell, 
Auditor; S. J. B. Dibble, Cashier ; John C. Curtis, Agent. 

794 History of Stratford. 

The Grain JElevator of Bridgeport is the only one on 
the coast between New York and Boston. It was erected in 
1871, by the firm of Crane and Hurd, and grew out of their 
connection and experience with the grain trade in the West. 
It is forty by fifty feet at its base, and one hundred feet in 
height. It is run by a twenty-five horse power engine and 
the labor of five men, and is capable of taking in and storing 
eight thousand bushels of grain per day of ten hours, from 
either a railroad car or boat at the dock. As many as one 
and a half million bushels of grain have passed through this 
elevator in a single year. Mr. John Hurd is at present the 

The Oas Light Company of Bridgeport was incor- 
porated in 1849, ^"d commenced business in December, 185 1, 
with seventy-six private consumers and twenty-six public 
street lamps. Among the original corporators named in the 
charter were, Horace Nichols, R. B. Mason, W. P. Burrall, 
Philo Hurd, and Hanford Lyon. H. K. Harrall was the first 
president, and P. C. Calhoun the first treasurer. After the 
decease of Mr. Harrall, in June, 1854, his place was filled by 
the election of Hanford Lyon, who held the office until April 
2, 1868, when he was succeeded by Amos S. Treat, who has 
continued in the same to the present time. The original cost 
of the works was seventy-five thousand dollars, but more than 
one hundred and seventy-five thousand dollars additional has 
been since expended upon them. The late John Cornwall 
was secretary and treasurer for twenty years, from 1854 to 
1874 and C. A. Gerdenier the present superintendent has 
been connected with the company since 1864. 

The officers of the company at present are: Hon. Amos 
S. Treat, President; L. N. Van Keuren, Secretary and Treas- 
urer; S. B. Beardsley, A. S. Treat, William H. Perry, Horace 
Nichols, A. C. Hobbs, S. C. Trubee, H. L. Clark. William R. 
Higby, William B. Hincks, Directors, and C. A. Gerdenier, 

Ttie Horse Itailroad Company of Bridgeport was 
incorporated in 1865, with a capital of one hundred thousand 
dollars, their charter giving the privilege to extend the line 

Bridgeport. 795 

from the starting-point near Pembroke Lake to Mountain 
Grove Cemetery and Black Rock, with a branch to Seaside 
Park. Cars first commenced running from the Sterling 
House to the eastern terminus January 23, 1866. 

Public attention was first called to this subject by an 
article in the "Standard;" and the next day Mr. Hanford 
Hayes called on the editor of that paper, Mr. John D. Candee, 
and stated that he had been considering the same subject. 
These parties invited a number of prominent business men of 
the city to meet and consider the matter. This was done and 
a charter was granted. The work was commenced by the 
president, Mr. George S. Sanford, digging the first shovel of 
earth at the top of the hill at the eastern end of Noble's 
bridge, in East Bridgeport. 

The officers are: President, Albert Eames; Secretary 
and Treasurer, Frederick Hurd ; Superintendent, B. F. 
Lasher; Directors, N. Wheeler, P. T. Barnum, C. A. Hotch- 
kiss, James Wilson, Albert Eames, H. E. Bowser, and F. 

T/ie BviAlncport a^iid West Strafford Horse Mail^ 
road Comjpany was chartered in January, 1885, with right 
to build a road from the Depot of the Consolidated railroad 
in Bridgeport along Stratford avenue to Nesumpaws creek, 
also a branch through East Main street to Crescent avenue. 
The incorporators were : H. N. Beardsley, A. J. Beardsley, 
Warren B. Nichols, H. B. Drew, Samuel Wilmot, James 
Staples, V. R. C. Giddings, D. F. HoUister, Jacob Borstle- 
man and James Bounds. The company was organized June 
I3f 1885, by the election of the following officers: D. F. 
Holhster, President; H. B. Drew, Secretary and Treasurer; 
and H. N. Beardsley, A. J. Beardsley, H. B. Drew, D. F. 
HoUister, W. H. Bunnell, Jacob Borstleman and Warren B. 
Nichols, Directors. Work was begun on the road about the 
first of August, 1885, and the cars commenced running Octo- 
ber I2th of the same year. The road has already proved to 
be a success in every respect." 

- < ■ I I ■ I I • - • ' — ■ — • — 

'' Further notices of manufactories may be found in the chapter following. 




UBLIC parks constitute a noticeable feature 
Lof the city of Bridgeport. The extent of ler- 
I ritory in them, with the public greens — three 
in all— is about two hundred and forty acres, 
— Seaside Park having about one hundred, 
Beardsley Park about one hundred and 
twenty-five, and Washington Park, Pem- 
broke avenue — Old Mill Green— ^and the 
Parade Ground, over fifteen more. This 
extent of park territory gives one acre to 
every 170 persons of the city, if there are, 
as supposed, 40,000 inhabitants in it, which 
is, probably, a larger park area to the num- 
ber of inhabitants than in any city in the 
United States, and hence the propriety of 
i the name " Park City." It is said that " the 

park system of Chicago, III.,' is one of the most extensive in 
the world." It has 1,850 acres of parks to 500,000 inhabitants, 
or about one acre to 330 persons, and therefore Bridgeport 
has nearly double the acreage of parks to the number of in- 
habitants that Chicago has, and is so far ahead of that city. 

Seaside Park lies along the shore of the Sound in the 
southern part of the city, about one mile from the post office, 
on State street. Public attention was first directed to the 
shore of Long Island Sound, in front of the city of Bridgeport, 
as aii -appropriate and picturesque place for a city park, by 
the encampment of the seventeenth regiment upon it in the 
summer of i86z, and the experiments of General Gillmore 
with the Ames gun in the same locality two years later. On 

' The Encytlopzdla Brilannica, *ol. v, 613. 

Bridgeport. 797 

October i, 1863, an article in the "Standard" urged the 
importance of one or more public parks for the city, and on 
September 9, 1864, another article in the same journal rec- 
ommended the purchase of this tract of land for such a pur- 
pose, describing it in the following graphic terms: 

"It is a beautiful piece of land, free from rocks, skirted 
for a considerable part of the way on the north by fine forest 
trees, and bounded on the south for its entire length by the 
sparkling waters of the Sound. From this water-front, which 
is cool and pleasant in the hottest days, a picturesque and 
enchanting water view is obtained. On the left, as we stand 
facing the harbor, is the city, with its tall spires and chimneys 
pointing skyward from among the trees; the harbor, dotted 
with its sailing craft, and the wooded point opposite, with its 
cottages ; to the west the green, sloping shores of Black Rock 
stretch far around to the lighthouse. Far away to the south, 
across the Sound, rise the hills of Long Island in picturesque 
beauty, while upon the intervening, placid waters, float a 
constant panorama of white-sailed vessels, passing up and 
down these blue waters of the Sound." 

These articles attracted the attention of leading citizens, 
who began to move in the matter, and Mr. Frederick Hurd 
called on the owners of the land and secured their pledges to 
give a number of acres for the purposes of a park. Messrs. 
Phineas T. Barnum and James C. Loomis favored the enter- 
prise from the first, and the former, especially, pushed it with 
his usual energy. Early in November, 1864, a survey of the 
land was made by E. R. Lambert and George Beckwith, and 
a map of it hung in the post office, showing the area of the 
proposed park to be about thirty-five acres, thirteen of which 
were located in the town of Bridgeport, and the remainder 
within the territory since annexed, but at that time a part of 
the township of Fairfield. Additions were made to this ter- 
ritory in 1868, for the purposes of a trotting park, so that there 
were about seventy acres, and the whole was gradually im- 
proved from year to year until the autumn of 1884, when Mr. 
P. T. Barnum gave nearly thirty acres more, by which the 
area and boulevard are extended west to Black Rock Harbor. 
This boulevard will eventually be one of the most beautiful 

793 History of Stratford. 

and charming in the nation. The trotting course within this 
park is one of the finest of the kind, being an amphitheatre 
from eight to fifteen feet below the carriage bed of the boule- 
vard, and the track passing around a placid lake, the surface 
of which is about on a level with the water of the Sound out- 
side the boulevard. 

Two monuments already grace this park, very appropri- 
ately ; the one is the soldiers* monument and the other the 
statue of Elias Howe, Jr., the inventor; the latter was a 
present to the city upon condition that it should furnish an 
appropriate pedestal, which it did, and the statue was placed 
upon it, facing the ocean, in the autumn of 1884. '^^^ loca- 
tion of it is very fitting and advantageous in every respect. 

The soldiers* monument is the pride of the city, for, while 
it is not the most expensive of its kind, nor grand in magni- 
tude, it is beautiful, appropriate, elegant as a work of art, and 
gives great satisfaction to all the people. It is a monument 
to all the soldiers in the late war, although but the names of 
those who died during the war are inscribed upon it. This 
monument was secured by the ladies -Soldiers* Monument 
Association, aided by a special appropriation by the town of 
Bridgeport, and cost about $30,000. At the close of the late 
war the Soldiers* Aid Society, composed of more than one 
hundred and fifty women, which had done a great and noble 
work during the war, resolved itself into the Soldiers* Mon- 
ument Association, and by a most successful career they 
raised more than $10,000, to which was added by the town 
about $18,500, and with this united sum the society placed in 
the park the very satisfactory monument as it now stands. 

The Beardsley Park is located in the northeastern 
part of the city, bordering on the Pequonnock river and lake, 
and contains in all over one hundred and twenty-five acres of 
beautiful and appropriate territory, rich in soil and varied in 
its scenery. The Housatonic railroad passes on the opposite 
or western side of the lake, and there will eventually be a 
station to accommodate picnic parties and others in visiting 
the park, and soon the horse railroad will be extended north- 
ward to the southern end of the park, when all the city can 
reach it with ready and easy facility. 

Bridgeport. 799 

The land contained in this park was donated by Mr. 
James W. Beardsley to the city upon certain conditions of 
improvement within a certain number — a few only — of years, 
which conditions have thus far been met, and there is not the 
least fear of failure in completing the same. The land — every 
acre of it — was purchased by Mr. Beardsley at different times 
and was no part of the old homestead which descended to 
him from his uncle, James Walker. The greater part of 
this land now included in the park was laid out originally to 
Robert Walker in 171 5, and held in the Walker family nearly 
one hundred years, when it was sold, and after some years 
was purchased by Mr. Beardsley, and by him cultivated as a 
part of his farm a number of years and then given to the city, 
as above stated. The homestead which descended to him 
through his mother, Betsey Walker, daughter of James Wal- 
ker, Jr., who married EHsha H. Beardsley, father of James 
W., is now Mr. Beardsley's residence, kept very choicely as 
the home of his ancestors for three generations, or since 1739.* 

" The site of the Beardsley Park, compared with the 
Seaside Park, is elevated, broad, of diversified surface, 
and naturally of a pastoral, sylvan, and idyllic aspect. Al- 
though it commands a distant view of the sea, its best and 
most characteristic outlook is over a great landscape in the 
opposite direction. Except when broken by ledges of rock, 
the modeling of its surface is large, simple, and graceful, and 
the outcropping ledges present valuable elements and oppor- 
tunities for producing picturesque incidents. Fine views are 
to be had from the upper part of Walker's Hill, especially to 
the northward, eastward, and southward. At the north end 
of Walker's Hill there is a prominent, smooth-topped ledge, 
upon which people standing will have before them a rarely 
beautiful prospect, the finest from the park."' 

Acceptance of the Park by the City, 

"Office of the City Clerk. Bridgeport, April i8, 1878. 
James W. Beardsley, Esq.: — 

Dear Sir: — At a meeting of tlie Common Council of Bridgeport, held on 
Monday, March 25, 1878, the following Resolutions, olTered by Councilman Mid- 
dlebrook, were adopted : 

* See page 555 of this book. 

' Extract from the Report of the Landscape Architects, F. L. and J. C. Olm- 
stead, Sf!ptcmhcr, 1884. 

8oo History of Stratford, 

Resolved^ That the heartfelt thanks of the City of Bridgeport are due to and 
are hereby, through their representatives, the Common Council of said City, 
tendered to their fellow citizen, James W. Beardsley, for his magnificent gift to 
the City of a public Park, and that the appreciation of this body and of the public 
of his public spirit, may be perpetuated, it is further 

Resolved^ That these resolutions be spread upon the City Records, and a copy 
thereof be presented to Mr. Beardsley. 


Bernard Keating, City Clerk'' 

Mr. James Walker Beardsley, son of Elisha H. and 
Betsey (Wialker) Beardsley, has been a farmer all his life, and 
is still actively engaged in the same. He is a native of the 
town of Monroe, where his father pursued the same occupa- 
tion, and is descended in regular line from William Beardsley, 
one of the first settlers of Stratford ; and on his mother's 
side from the Rev. Peter Prudden, of Milford, by his great 
great great grandmother, Abigail Prudden; also from the 
Rev. Richardson Minor, of Unity, by her mother. Prudence 
Minor, wife of Philip Benjamin, as also through his mother's 
father, from Robert Walker, one of the founders of the Old 
South Church, of Boston, in 1669. Mr. Beardsley is not only 
interested in his ancestry, searching them out by diligent 
inquiry, but has carefully preserved many old manuscripts 
and books which have been of much assistance in presenting 
a number of items in this history in a much more correct 
form than they otherwise could have b^en. 

It cannot be doubted that he takes great satisfaction in 
seeing the improvements which the city is making from year 
to year in the Beardsley Park, and to which he gives consid- 
erable attention by way of consultation by special request of 
the Park Commissioners. 

Officers of the Bridgeport National Bank} 

Munson Hawley, President; F. N. Benham, Cashier; Directors: Munson 
Hawley, Thomas B. Bartram, Plumb N. Fairchild, Carlos Curtis, Thomas B. 
DeForest, David M. Read, John M. Wheeler, Rowland B. Lacey, Frank N. 

^ This list of otlicers should have appeared on page 608 of this book, in con- 
nection with the history of the bank to which they belong. 

^^^i^u^^u,^ A 

Bridgeport. 8oi 

The City Savings JBanfe.— The petition for the incorporation of the 
City Savings Banlc, of Bridgeport, was drawn up and presented to the legislature 
by D. F. Hollister. and a charter was granted for the institution in May, 1859. At 
the first meeting of the corporators, held at the city council rooms July 16, 1859, 
the following officers were elected : President, Hanford Lyon ; Vice-Presidents, 
Russell Tomlinson, D. H. Sterling, Ira Gregory, D. W. Thompson ; Secretary and 
Treasurer, S. M. Middlebrook ; Trustees, Sherman Hartwell, P. C. Calhoun, Hor- 
ace Nichols, D. F. Hollister, George P. Stockwell, Stephen Lounsbury, H. N. 
Hayes, John Brooks, A. A. Pettengill, E. B. Goodsell, Burr Knapp, R. T. Clarke, 
Thomas Hawley, Josiah Baylies, and S. C. Booth. 

To commence business rooms were hired on Wall street, near the corner of 
Water, and several of the trustees deposited one hundred dollars each in the new 
bank. Two of these accounts, those of Horace Nichols and George P. Stockwell, 
are still open. Two others, those of Hanford Lyon and Josiah Baylies, were 
allowed to accumulate for about twenty-four years, and when closed amounted to 
nearly $400 each, the increase being due to interest solely, no additional deposit 
having been made. In this connection it may be mentioned that the sum total of 
the fifty-three dividends declared by the bank from January, i860, to January, 
1886, is about (1,700,000. Mr. Middlebrook continued to act as treasurer until his 
death, in 1883, and to his prudence and fidelity the success of the bank was largely 
due. He was a man highly respected in this and adjoining communities. Soon 
after the decease of Mr. Middlebrook the trustees made choice of William B. 
Hincks as treasurer, and William N. Middlebrook as secretary. 

Mr. Lyon died in 1879. ^^^ ^^^ succeeded as president by Ira Gregory, who 
died in 1883. Horace Nichols, who Is now president of the bank, has been one of 
its officers for nearly twenty-seven years, and has witnessed Its increase until its 
depositors number over 6,300, and its assets amount to about $2400,000. 

An interesting event in the history of the bank was the run, which took place 
February 17th and 18th, 1877, during which about (150,000 was drawn out by 
depositors who had become alarmed without any apparent cause. All calls were 
promptly met by Mr. Middlebrook, the treasurer, the bank being kept open two 
hours later than usual for the purpose. Ofifers of loans from individuals and 
Institutions to the amount of nearly a million dollars were declined, the help not 
being needed. . • .-. 

About the beginning of the year 1884 it was felt by the trustees that the rooms 
on Wall street which had hitherto been rented for banking purposes, though 
twice enlarged, had become entirely inadequate, and that the City Savings Bank 
should possess a permanent home of its own. After careful deliberation it was 
decided to purchase one-half the lot of the Bridgeport National Bank, on the 
corner of Main and Bank streets, and that both institutions should unite in erecting 
a structure to be known as the United Bank building, of Bridgeport. Messrs. Nicli- 
oli, Hollister and Hincks were appointed a building committee on the part of the 
City Savings Bank, to co(Sperate with Messrs. Read, Wheeler and OeForest, the 
committee of the Bridgeport National Bank, and full powers were given to them by 
the trustees. The utmost care was taken by the committee ; all the leading build- 
ings in New York City, and not a few in New England, were visited, with a view 
of combining as many desirable features as possible in the new edifice. Plans 
embodying these features were prepared by W. R. Briggs, architect, and on the 
tyth of August, 1884, contracts were signed. Sixteen months later, on December 


Hiitory of Stratford. 

15. 1885, Ibe building ma (uliy completed and occupied for buiioesi. The com 
of ihe north half, nhich ia owoed and occupied by ibe Ciij Savings Bank, includ- 
ing land, lutnilute and in maaiioe fits and burglar piool vaalt, i« tome ^3,000^ 
upon which amouni ihe rentals received yield • reiurn of aboui four and a half 
pet cent. Ttie nei* banking rooma are well lighied. hmied and ventilated, and 
may lately be said to be second to none In New England In point o( coDvenlence 
and beautj of fitting up, white their location is the Imsi in the city. 

Following are the officers ol the Ciiy Savings Bank for the j-ear 1S86 : Presi- 
dent, Horace Nichols ; Vice-Presidents, D. F. Holtiiler, David H. Read, Court- 
land Keltey.John M. Wheeler; Treasure, William B. Hlncks; Secretary, WU- 
Ham N. Middlebroolt ; Trustees, Horace F. Hatch. F. W. PanotI, Burt Cniti^ 
C. K. Averlll, Levi B. Booth, George P. Stockwfll, D. F, Holliitei, Horaca 
Nichols, G«orge K. BIrdtey, Edwin Bunks, David M. Road. John H. WbMlar, 
Edward A. Lewis, Courtland Kelsey, W. N. Hiddlebrook. WtllUm B. Hlncks ; 
Bookkeeper and Teller, Willatd S. Plumb. 

The Fettple'B Savinga Bank, represented in the above cut, was organ- 
ized in May, lE>6o. under the laws of the State of Conneciicui, with the followinr 
persons as corporators, " by the name, style and title of ihe People's Savings Bank, 
of Bridgeport, Conn. :" Naihanie] Wheeler, James C. Loomis, Sherwood Sierltng. 
Ira Sherman, P. C. Calhoun, George B. Waller, Frederick Wood, Samuel B. 
Ferguson, Robert T, Clarke, Abijali Hawley, Thomas Ransom. James Daskam, 
Elbert E. Hubbell. William G. Lineburgh. William H. Perry, Heniy Burr, and 

Bridgeport, 803 

Stephen Hawley. The action of the legislature was approved June 15, i860, and 
on the second day of July following, at four o'clock p. m., the following corpora- 
tors met at the office of Shrrman and Marsh for the purpose of organization : 
P. C. Calhoun. Ira Sherman, George B. Waller, Frederick Wood, Samuel B. 
Ferguson, Robert C. Clarke, Abijah Hawley, Thomas Ransom, James Daskam, 
Elbert E. Hubbell, William G. Lineburgh, Henry Burr and Stephen Hawley. 
P. C. Calhoun was chosen chairman, and Stephen Hawley, secretary. Stephen S. 
Booth and G. Bradley Sanford were voted in as corporators. The following offi- 
cers were elected for the ensuing year : Ira Sherman, President ; George B. Wal- 
ler, Vice-President ; Stephen Hawley, Treasurer ; and Abijah Hawley. Thomas 
Ransom, Nathaniel Wheeler, S. B. Ferguson, James Daskam, Elbert E. Hubbelli 
William G. Lineburgh, William H. Perry, G. Bradley Sanford, and Stephen S. 
Booth, a Board of Trustees. A seal was adopted with the inscription, People's 
Savings Bank, of Bridgeport. 

Rooms over the Pequonnock Bank were rented and the first loan made July 
9, x86o, which was on a house and lot on Myrtle avenue, and on July i, i86x, the 
first semi-annual dividend was declared, which was three per cent. 

In addition to the above the following tiamed persons have served as corpo- 
rators: Samuel W. Baldwin, Egbert Marsh, William E. Seeley, D. W. Kissam, 
Edward W. Marsh, Stephen S. Booth (deceased), G. Bradley Sanford (deceased), 
Russell Tom4inson (deceased), Philo H. Skidmore (removed), Salem H. Wales 
(removed), Charles B. Hotchkiss, Francis W. Marsh, Eli C. Smith, John E. Pond, 
William H. Rockwell. Ira Sherman, the first president, died in May, 1869, and 
was succeeded by George B. Waller, the first vice-president, and is still the presi- 
dent of the bank, having occupied that position nearly seventeen yearv. 

In July, i8(>9, William G. Lineburgh was elected first vice-president and 
William E. Seeley, second vice-president. The former resigned his position as 
vice-president and trustee in 1878, and Mr. Seeley was elected first vice-president, 
which position he still holds, and James Daskam was elected second vice-presi- 
dent, and continued in that office until his decease, in November, 1879. In the 
December following Russell Tomlinson^was elected second vice-president, and 
served until his decease, in April, 1885. Mr. Egbert Marsh, the present incum- 
bent was elected second vice-president in July, 1885. 

Mr. Stephen Hawley, the first secretary and treasurer, died in November, 1861, 
and Mr. Egbert Marsh was elected to fill the vacancy for the remainder of |he year. 
In January, 1862, Courtland Kelsey was elected secretary and treasurer, and 
served until May, 1862, when he resigned, and Philip E. Lockwood was chosen 
his successor. He resigned in June, 1864, and was succeeded by Mr. J. F. Han- 
ford, who served until i863, when he resigned. At the January meeting Mr. 
Egbert Marsh was elected secretary and treasurer, and served thirteen years, 
when, in July, i88x, his resignation was reluctantly accepted. His successor was 
Mr. Francis W. Marsh, who had been several years teller of the bank, and he 
resigned, to take effect June i, 1886, and Edward W. Marsh has been elected to 
this position. 

On January i, 1872, Mr. Homer S. Curtis was appointed the first teller in this 
bank, but found it necessary to resign in July, 1873, on account of ill health. He 
was succeeded by Mr. Francis W. Marsh until July, 1881, when he was elected 
secretary and treasurer, and Mr. Orange Merwin succeeded him as teller. He 
has resigned, to take effect June i, 1886, and Mr. Frank Hubbard has been 

8o4 History of Stratford. 

appointed his successor. Messrs. F. W. Marsh and Orange Menriii retire from 
this bank, having associated with them Mr. H. C. Lemmon, for the purpose of 
doing a general insurance and banlcing business, with a safe deposit vault. 

The present officers are: President, George B. Waller; first Vice-President* 
William E. Seeley; second Vice-President, Egbert Marsh; Secretary and Treas- 
urer, Francis W. Marsh ; Teller, Orange Merwin. 

The Board of Trustees are : Samuel W. Baldwin, Edward W. Marsh, D. W. 
Kissam, EH C. Smith, John E. Pond. Elbert E. Hubbell. C. R Hotchkiss, William 
H. Rockwell, Henry Atwater, F. A. Bartram. 

In December, 1864, this bank purchased the lot on the corner of Main and 
Bank streets, and in 1870 erected the building on it which it now occupies, the 
bank being located in the front rooms, on the second floor. The First NatioSal 
Bank have rented the first floor, and the remaining portion of the building Is 
rented for various purposes. 

The bank has 5,000 depositors. Its investments are carefully selected under 
a conservative management, and its officers, to whom this trust is committed, and 
upon whom the responsibility of its prosperity depends, represent many of the 
important financial institutions and industries of the city. 

The T*ir8t National Bank, of Bridgeport, is located on the comer of 
Main and Bank streets, and was organized March 18, 1864 ; being a successor to 
the Farmer's Bank. At the organization Mr. Edmund S. Hawley was elected 
president, and William E. Seeley, cashier, and they still occupy the same posi- 
tions. The following persons have served as directors, the terms indicated by 
the dates, those with the dates 1886 are still in office : Edmund S. Hawley, March, 
1864, to 1886; Asahel L. Lyon, March, 1864 to 1874 ; Henry Beers Glover, March, 
1864, to March, 1870 ; Salem H. Wales, March, 1864, to August, 1867 ; Lewis W. 
Burritt, March, 1864, to 1878 ; Allison A. Pettengill, March, 1864, to 1867 ; Rus- 
sell Tomlinson, March, 1864, to 1885 ; Samuel B. Ferguson, March, 1864, to 1873 ; 
Bartlett Doien, March, 1864, to 1869 ; William E. Seeley, August, 1867, to 1886 ; 
Horace Nichols, August, 1867, to 1886 ; Thomas Lord, January, 1868, to April 50, 
1870; Egbert Marsh, January, 1871, to 1877; Edward Sterling, December, 1871, 
to 1886; Charles K. Averill, January, 1877, to 1886; Stephen S. Booth, 1878 to 
1880; Charles A. Granniss, January, 1880, to 1886; Horace L. Falrchild, January, 
1880, to 1886; Alexander Hawley, January, 1881, to 1886; Enoch P. Hincks» 
November, 1885, to 1886. 

The bank organized with a capital of (210,000, and has accumulated a surplus 
of (130,000, and has divided (531,300, an average dividend during the twenty-two 
years of eleven and one-half per cent, per annum. The statement to the comp- 
troller of the currency, March i, 1886, shows investments drawing interest of 
(920.000, and deposits of (450,000. The present officers are: Edmund S. Hawley, 
President; William E. Seeley, Cashier; O. H. Brothwell, Assistant Cashier; 
Tracy B. Warren, General Bookkeeper ; Frank R. Sammis, Deposit Bookkeeper ; 
Robert E. Wheeler, Clerk. This bank occupies the first story of the People's 
Savings Bank building, on the southeast corner of Main and Bank streets. 

The Tequannoch Bank of Bridgeport was incorporated in May, 1851* 
with a capital of (200,000. The subscription book was opened on the first Tues- 
day of August, 1851, under the supervision of three commissioners, Charles Adams, 
John Gould and W. A. Judson. The first meeting of the stockholders was 

RRI'C'JKII IN 1878. 

Bridgeport. 805 

bdd at the Sterling House on Monday the xith of August, 1851. The following 

were chosen directors: Hon. P. T. Barnum, Charles B. Hubbeli, Samuel F. Hurd, 

Monson Hawley, Seth B. Jones, Thomas Ransom, Philo F. Barnum, Joseph 

Thompson and Samuel B. Peck. Hon. P. T. Barnum was elected President, and 

held the office until Nov. 28, 1855, when removing to New York, he resigned, and 

Mr. Charles B. Hubbeli was elected to fill the vacancy and held the office until 

May 33, i860, when he resigned and Mr. C. Spooner was appointed and held that 

office until August 15, 1865. During his administration the Pequonnock Bank 

was reorganized into a National organization under the title of the Pequonnock 

National Bank of Bridgeport. Mr. Monson Hawlcy was elected President 

August 15, i86s, and continued in office until January 12, 1869, when Mr. Charles 

E Hotchkiss was appointed, and he held the office until January 15, 1885. At 

that time Mr. David Trubee was elected President and Mr. John L. Wessels, 

Vice-President. William R. Higby was the first Cashier, appointed October 16, 

i8si, and held the office until February 20, 1869, when he resigned and Isaac B. 

Prindle was appointed, and still holds the office. Tlie bank has owned and 

occupied the building on the corner of Main and State streets since the autumn 

of 1853. While the building was being erected the business was conducted in 

one of the stores in the Bailey Block on State street. 

The Bridgeport Savings Batik was chartered in May, 1842, and 
began business at a store on Water street in July of the same year. 

Of the twenty-two corporate members mentioned in the charter, but three are 
now living, viz: Messrs. Gideon Thompson, William H. Noble and Thomas Ran- 
som. At the time the charter was granted there were but eight Savings Banks in 
the State, some of them just organized, and none west of New Haven. 

The Bank was afterward removed to No. 21 Wall street and in 1850 to a 
bailding upon the site now occupied, on the corner of Main and State streets. 
The present handsome Bankine House was completed in 1878. The first Officers 
and Trustees of the Bank were chosen July 16th, 1842, as follows : President, 
Sherwood Sterling ; Vice-Presidents, Josiah Hubbeli and William B. Dyer : 
Treasurer. Smith Tweedy ; Secretary, William H. Noble ; Trustees, Samuel 
Simons, B. G. Noble, Henry Shelton, Elihu Beach, David Perry, Gideon Thomp- 
son, Schuyler Seeley, Starr Beach, W. Stillman, Mark Moore, Joshua Lord, Ben- 
jamin Wheeler, Lemuel Coleman and Thomas Ransom. The following gentlemen 
have been Presidents of the Institution : Sherwood Sterling, elected in 1842 ; 
Smith Tweedy, in 1843 ; Daniel O. Wheeler, in 1850 ; Lemuel Coleman, in 1851 ; 
Sherwood Sterling again, in 1864 ; Hervey Higby, in 1870, and £. S. Hawley in 
1875. 1*^® Bank has had five Treasurers, viz : Smith Tweedy, Sherwood Sterling, 
George Sterling, Charles P. Porter and Alexander Hawley. The prosperity of 
the Bank is owing in a large degree to the prudence, integrity and good manage- 
ment of its former able and faithful Treasurer, Mr. George Sterling, who held the 
position for twenty-seven years and until his death in 1871. The total number of 
Deposit Accounts opened during the existence of the Bank, is 36,829. The 
present number of Depositors, Is 8,538, and the total amount of Deposits, (2,957,. 
266x>x. The Bank has a surplus of $150,000. Since its organization the Bank 
has not (ailed to pay its regular Semi-annual dividends. The dividends for the 
firstjrear ending January, X844. amounted to $33i*74i being at the rate of 5 per 
cent, per annum ; and the dividends for the last year ending January, 1886, 


8o6 History of Stratford. 

amounted to $134,67345, ^yl per cent.; and the aggregate of dividends paid to the 
depositors, being $3,807,933.05, averaging s)i per cent, per annum for the whole 
period. The present Officers of the Institution are: President, Edmund S. 
Hawley ; Vice-Presidents, Samuel C. Trubee and Luzon W. Clark ; Secretary 
and Treasurer, Alexander Hawley; Trustees, Esekiel Birdsey, Philip Conrad, 
Thomas B. DeForest, Curtis Thompson, Edward Sterling, F. B. Hawley, William 
R. Higby. William H. Perry, F. W. Benham and Alexander Hawley. 

The Bridgeport City Bank, now the City National Bank, was organ- 
ized January 17, 1854, with a capital of $100,000, which was increased after five 
years to $200,000, and nationalized with a capital of $350,000, March 15, 1865. It 
now has a surplus of $135,000, an increase of $73,000 during the past seven years, 
aside from other undivided profits. The bank paid its sixtieth dividend last 
January and is now paying four per cent, semi-annually on a conservative basis ; 
the market value of the stock is about $150 per share. 

This City National Bank began business in the old post office building on 
the north side of Bank street ; removed thence to the southwest comer of Wall 
and Water streets, and in 1861 completed and occupied its spacious building at 
Nos. 17, 19 and 3i Wall street. 

The following gentlemen have served as presidents of this institution : Adam 
P. Houston, S. F. Hurd, Ira Sherman, Sherwood Sterling, George B. Waller, and 
the present incumbent, Daniel N. Morgan, who has served since January, 1879. 

The following have officiated as cashiers : G. H. Fairchild, E. Lacey, R. T. 
Clarke, J. F. Fayerweather, and T. L. Bartholomew, the last having served since 
December, i88a 

The present directors are: Nathaniel Wheeler, Elbert E. Hubbell, Miles 
Beardsley, Edwin G. Sanford, T. L. Bartholomew, D. B. Booth, George Mallory, 
Daniel N. Morgan, D. W. Kissam. 

Hon. jyaniel Nash Morgan^ son of Ezra and Hannah 
(Nash) Morgan, is a. native of Newtown, Conn., and was 
educated in the common school, Newtown academy, and in 
the Bethel high school. His ancestry runs back in every 
line to the early settlers in New England. The Morgan 
family came from Wales, England, and early established the 
family at New London, Conn., and Springfield, Mass. In the 
southern portion of Newtown, Conn,, may still be seen the 
site of the dwelling house of Captain Zedekiah Morgan, the 
first of the family in this part of the country, which was in 
the days of the Revolution the Captain's 690 acre farm, and 
which is still known as the Morgan farm. His ancestral lines 
run back through the Sanford family of Redding, and the 
Nash and Camp families of Norwalk. His grand parents in ' 
the Morgan family passed away in the 84th, 90th, 96th, and 
8oth year of their ages. His father, Ezra Morgan, was born 
m Redding, February 21, 1801, but resided most of his life in 

Bridgeport. 807 

Newtown. He tnarried Hannah Nash, of Westport. During 
a busy life as a merchant for forty years, a farmer on a large 
scale, and president of the First National Bank of Bethel for 
several years, he still found time to devote to politics, among 
other positions being a Representative from Newtown in 
1842, 1862, and 1868, and for a long time, until disqualified by 
age, a justice of the peace. He died June 9, 1871, in his 71st 
year. His widow died April 15, 1883, J" ^^^ 68th year. 

Daniel N. Morgan was born August 18, 1844. At the age 
of sixteen years he became permanently a clerk in his father's 
store, and was educated a merchant. Of his own volition he 
was placed on a salary usually given for a five year's service, 
namely, $50, $60, $75, $85, and $100; and with this sum for 
all expenses except his board, came out at twenty-one years 
of age with $50, saved from this and other sources, and with 
this he commenced his business life. His recreations were 
such as getting up with the sun in the summer, and far ahead 
of it in the winter, and starting for Bridgeport with a load of 
produce at six o'clock in the morning. The first year of his 
majority he conducted the business of the store as proprietor. 
After that for a few months he was clerk in the dry goods 
house of Taylor and Joyce, of Bridgeport, then for about 
three years, to September, 1869, was of the firm of Morgan 
and Booth, of Newtown Centre, when he again came to 
Bridgeport and was of the dry goods and carpet. firm of 
Birdsey and Morgan. In 1876 he took a trip to Europe, and 
during 1877 he was connected with the firm of Morgan, Hop- 
son and Company, wholesale grocers. In 1873 and 1874 he 
was a member of the Common Council of this city, a member 
of the Board of Education in 1877, Mayor of the city in 1880 
and 1884, a member of the Legislature in 1883. ^^ 1884 he 
was elected Senator for the fourteenth district for two years. 
In January, 1879, he was elected president of the City Na- 
tional Bank, a position he continues to occupy. He is also 
first vice-president of the Mechanic's and Farmer's Savings 
Bank, and for years has been a member of the board of 
directors and of the executive committee of the Bridgeport 

On June 10, 1868, Mr. Morgan married Medora Huganin 

8o8 History of Stratford. 

Judson, daughter of Hon. William A. Judson» of Bridgeport, 
but formerly of Huntington, a descendant of Colonel Agur 
Judson, of Revolutionary fame^ and also of the first Judson 
family of Stratford. Their children now living are: Mary 
Huntington and William Judson Morgan. 

The Ctn^nectieut Bank was incorporated as a State bank in May, 1831. 
Its original capital stock was raised by subscription, under the superin tendency 
of five commissioners: Cyrus H. Beardsley, Daniel Sterling, Jeremiah Sturges, 
Jedediah Graves, and Enoch Foote. Within three months after the incorporation, 
as rei|uired by the statute, a branch of the bank was established at Mill River, now 
Southport, in the town of Fairfield. It is known to-day as the Southport National 
Bank. The act of incorporation required thai, within twelve months from the time 
the bank should commence discounting, there should be paid by it to the treasurer 
of Yale College, for the use of said college, $3,500, and to the treasurer of Wash- 
ington — now Trinity — College, fi.soo. The act also stipulated that at the end of 
two years a second $3,500 be paid to Yale, and a second $1,500 to Washington 
Colleges.. The bank proved a success from the start, and was able not only to 
meet these requirements, but to declare regular dividends, and it has continued to 
do so uninterruptedly ever since. In the history of the bank no such thing as a 
dividend skip can be found. The bank's first president was Captain Ezekiel 
Hubbell, who was elected in 1835; the second, Daniel Thatcher, in 1840; the 
third, Hon. P. C. Calhoun, in 1848, who continued in that position until 18^4, 
when he resigned to take the presidency of the Fourth National Bank of New 
York City, which he held to the time of his death, in i88a. Hervey Higby was 
his successor, in 1864, and at his decease, in 1875, Hon. Daniel H. Steriing was 
chosen to fill the place. Upon his demise, in 1877, the present incumbent, Mr. 
Samuel W. Baldwin, was elected president. A pleasant feature of the history of 
the bank is the fact that during its fifty-four years of existence it has had but three 
cashiers ; the first, Hon. Charles Foote, who held the place until his death, io 
1862'; John T. Shelton, who succeeded him and resigned to become the treasurer 
of the New York and New Haven Railroad Company, in 1868; and Mr. H. B. 
Drew,. who succeeded him and is cashier at the present time. His association 
with the bank covera a period of twenty-four years. The present directors of the 
bank are: Samuel W. Baldwin, Samuel C. Trubee, Jarratt Morford. William D. 
Bishop, Henry B. Drew, William R. Higby, Marehall E. Morris, Clapp Spooner, 
and Henry A. Bishop. 

The bank was located at first on the corner of Wall and Water streets, where 
it remained until the completion of their building, the site for which of siaty feet 
front, was purchased January 28, 1834, on the northeast corner of Main and Wall 
streets. In the autumn of 1885 this building was taken down and the new one, to 
be completed in the summer of 1886, commenced, the corner stone being laid 
October 30, 1885. On this occasion the box was deposited in the place prepared 
for it by Miss Kittle C. Drew, the little daughter of the cashier. She performed 
her part well, using a silver trowel, with a handle of rosewood, which she keeps as 
a memento of the occasion. The building is constructed of rock-faced Leete's 
Island red granite, with Springfield brown stone trimmings to the height of the 
second story window sills ; above this Philadelphia pressed brick are used with 

Bridgeport, 809 

Springfield brown stone trimmings. On the fifth story moulded brick and terra 
cotta are used, forming a pleasing frieze. There are five full stories above the 
sidewalk, one half story devoted to stores below grade, and a sub-cellar and 
boiler-room under these stores. 

The banking room is situated on the corner of Main and Wall streets, about 
five feet above the sidewalk level, and is provided with every modern convenience. 

There are eight offices on each floor, reached from the Main street entrance, 
making thirty-two in all. These are easily accessible, either by stairs or elevator 
—the latter being constructed on the hydraulic principle and is the first passenger 
elevator to be used in the city. 

A new material to this city has been introduced in the sidewalk, known as 
Granolithic, and is considered a vast improvement on anything now in use in the 

Since the organization of the bank the following gentlemen have been con- 
nected with the institution as directors : Daniel Thatcher, Hanford Lyon, Reuben 
Twedy, Nathaniel Wade, Josiah Hubhell, Eli Mygatt, David Brooks, Seth B. 
Jones, Daniel Sterling, Enoch Foote, Lyman Mine, David Fayerweather, Samuel 
Stratton, Joseph Thompson, J. W. Sterling, Alexander Hamilton, Lemuel Cole- 
man, Josiah Gorham, E. J. Staples, L. H. Russell, Eben Fairchild, P. C. Calhoun, 
John Gould, Charles Foote, Hervey Higby, Charles Bennett, George Keeler, 
Thomas Lord, Samuel C. Trubee, Daniel H. Sterling, Marcus DeForest, Samuel 
W. Baldwin, William D. Bishop, David F. Holltster, Jarratt Morford, Henry B. 
Drew, William R. Higby, Marshall E. Morris, Clapp Spooner, Henry A. Bishop. 

Hie Mechanic's ami Farmer's Savings BatUe was chartered in 
1871, but was not organized until in July, 1873, when the incorporators held 
their first meeting and elected a board of trustees: George W. Hayes, Presi- 
dent ; Andrew Burke and George Lewis, Vice-Presidents ; and Lyman S. Catlin, 
Secretary and Treasurer. The bank was located, at first, in a small, one story ' 
building on East Washington avenue, near East Main street. This building was 
erected as a temporary place for the bank, by George Lewis and L. S. Catlin. 
The books were opened October i, 1873, and deposits were soon made, ten cents 
being sufficient to open an account, and many who started with that small sum 
have now a respectable bank account. The bank remained in that location, with 
practically the same officers, until the summer of 1878. At the annual meeting of 
that year Mr. Hayes declined a reflection and William G. Lineburgh was elected 
president in his place. The bank was removed about September ist of that year 
into the basement of the Connecticut Bank building, corner of Wall and Main 
streets, where it remained until May i, 1880, when it was removed into the 
Barnum building, at 407 Main street. In July, 1883, some changes were made in 
the board of trustees and Mr. Andrew Burke was elected President, and D. N. 
Morgan and John L. Wessels, Vice-Presidents. These officers, with Mr. Catlin for 
Secretary and Treasurer, have been reelected each year since that time. On 
December 15, 1885, the bank was removed into the City Bank building in Wall 
street, where it remains. It has grown steadily in public confidence and favor, 
and is now firmly established, with assets of over $550,000. 

8io History of Stratford, 

Additional Manufactories in Bridgeport, 

Qeorge I}o6litUe occupies a part of the Coach Lace Company's building 
in John street. He is a practical engineer and inventor, spending a large propor- 
tion of his time on experimental work. 

Bridgeport Elastic Web Company is located on John street and has 
the following officers: E. Sterling, President; F. B. Hawley. Treasurer; E. W. 
Marsh, Secretary ; Joseph Bidmead, Superintendent ; E. D. Friswell, Salesman ; 
with $50,000 of capital stock. The business was started by the Spring Perch 
Company in 1879, commencing with seven looms, but this number was soon 
increased, and then large additions to the buildings were made, extending them 
to 135 feet by 40. They now run forty looms, but have just purchased twenty-five 
more. They employ eighty hands, which number will soon be increased to 125. 

The work requires skilled help, which has most of it been secured from 
England, as well as the machinery ; in fact. It might be said that an English 
concern hltd been purchased and brought here. They, with four other companies, 
make, at present, about seven-eighths of all the webbing used in this country, but 
when they commenced nearly seven-eighths of all used was imported. 

Besides the shoe goring, in many shades and qualities, they make some extra 
elastic for corsets. The yam used is of American and Egyptian stock, and the 
silk, to a considerable extent, Is imported. Their goods are all handled by one 
jobbing house at the East, and are sold in the West direct to the consumers. 

AnM H* Couchf minufacturer of a fine grade of ladies' hand and 
n)achine-sewed shoes. He was seventeen years engaged on Water street under 
the firm name of Couch and Wisner, and in September, 1885, commenced his 
present establishment as sole proprietor. He employs fifty hands, and keeps 
several men as salesmen on the road. 

Bridgeport Patent Leatlier Manufacturing Company is 

located on Cannon street ; as a previous account of this company shows. The 
business was commenced by Mr. S. J. Patterson in 1848, and the next year a stock 
company was formed, with a capital of $20,000; Mr. S. Tomllnson, being Presi- 
dent, and S. J. Patterson, Secretary and Treasurer. Upon the decease of Mr. 
Tomlinson in 1872, Mr. Patterson was elected President and Treasurer, which 
position he still holds, and Mr. J. E. Pond was elected Secretary, in which he con- 
tinues. In 1866 the stock ivas increased to $100,000, as it is at present. They 
manufacture patent and enameled leather, employing about fifty hands. 

Tlie Wheel ami Wood Bending Company is located in John street ; 
and the officers are : Horace Smith, President ; H. W. Smith, Secretary, and E. C 
Smith, Treasurer. They manufacture ivheels, hubs, spokes, and woodwork gener- 
ally, for carriages. The business was established as Smith and Barloiv in 1854, 
and continued thus until 1866, when the present company was formed. They 
employ from thirty to fifty hands. 

The Jr. D. Oatea and Coiupany are located in John street, corner of 
Broad, and manufacture all kinds of fine carriages. The business started by Mr. 
Gates in 1870, while he was running a liver}' stable on State street, and began it 

Bridgeport. 8ll 

because of the heavy expenses in repairing carriages. The business so increased 
in a short time that he sold the former interest and devoted his entire time to this. 
He has a large repository in California, where he spends about half of his time, 
and one at 184 State street in this city, keeping from 160 to 200 carriages on hand. 
Also in the proper season here they keep a line of sleighs. The larger portion of 
their work is upon orders from New York, making a specialty of the BuUshead 
wagon for exercising and training horses. They employ about forty hands. 

The Bridgeport Electric Light Company occupy a part of the 
Coach Lace company's building on John street. The officers are : J. A. Gilbert, 
President; James English, Secretary and Treasurer; with a capital stock of The company was established in 1884 by J. Farrist, E. G. Burnham and 
other citizens. In July, 1S85, a consolidation was effected with the Brush Swan 
company when the present oflScers were chosen. The Thompson Houston system 
is used. This sketch is a correction of the one on page 767. 

ITw BHdgeport Boiler WorJes, William Lowo, proprietor. They 
were established by Humphrey, Watson and Company In 1866, and continued 
until the death of Mr. Humphrey in 1872, when Mr. Lowe bought his interest and 
the business was conducted under the name of Lowe and Watson until 1884, 
and then Mr. Lowe became the sole proprietor. He manufactures boilers for pro- 
pelling steam engines; the specialties being the Lowe boiler and feed water 

Mr. Lowe is thoroughly educated to his business. He was indentured to the 
firm of Fairbanks, Bancroft and Company, of Providence, R. L, steam engine 
boiler makers. In 1844, and served under their successors, Bancroft, Nightingale 
and Company ; and Corliss. Nightingale and Company. Mr. Lowe helped build 
the first Corliss engine put into use, which was a horizontal one. 

In 1851 Mr. Lowe took the foremanship of the Woodruff and Beach Iron 
Works at Hartford ; and in 1854 he took the foremanship of the Pacific Iron 
Works of Bridgeport, under Noble T. Green as superintendent, and on Mr. 
Green's retiring In 1855 Mr. Lowe became superintendent, and in 1872 he became 
proprietor in these works as above stated. In 1877 Mr. Lowe patented what is 
called the Lowe steam superheating boiler, and also afterwards the Lowe feed 
water heater, both being Improvements of great value. He has more recently 
patented valuable improvements in boiler furnaces, and made improvements in 
boiler fronts, so that the smoke nuisance is abated, whatever fuel may be used. 

TFie Bridgeport Spring Company f located at the corner of Housa- 
tonic and East Washington avenues, was established in 1864. They manufacture 
to order carriage springs of every description, employing about fifty hands* The 
ofiicers are : Edwin Banks, President and Treasurer, and Wm. H. Rockwell, Sec- 
retary. Their building Is of large dimensions, equipped with powerful engines, 
and all the mechanical appliances which facilitate production of the best quality 
and greatest quantity. The best of skilled workmen are employed, and the springs 
are said to be tempered by a process known only to this concern ; and every 
spring is tested before leaving the shop. 

Ot*eenwood and jirttold, located in Cannon street, are manufacturers 
of tin cans of every description, making varnished cans a specialty. John H. 
Greenwood and Thomas Arnold, the proprietors, are practical men In their 

8 12 History of Stratford. 

business. They came from New York and established the copartnership in 1883. 
and employ about ten men, and work on contracts, for all they produce the year 

The Bridgeport Lumber Company, located at the foot of Gold 
street, was organized in 1882, with these officers : C. H. Hawley, President ; R. S. 
Neilhercut, Vice-President ; F. V. Hawley, Secretary and Treasurer. They are 
successors to C. H. Hawley. The business was started about fifty years ago by 
Charles Hawley, who, having several partners and changes, continued the same 
until his death in 1850. Then Julius Hawley, who had been in the business with 
his brother Charles a number of years, bought the enterprise, and, under the name 
of Smith and Hawley, carried on the establishment until he was succeeded by his 
son, C. H. Hawley, in 1876; and he continued it until May, i88a. 

They manufacture moldings and house trimmings generally, and deal in all 
kinds of lumber. 

The Cfranniss and Hurd Lumber Company, is located on 
Stmond's dock. They are successors to Lyon, Curtis and Company; the mill 
having been established in 1846 by the latter company. In 1866 Mr. Granniss 
purchased a portion of the stock, but the firm name continued the same until 
1882, when Mr. Lyon having died in 1874 and Mr. Curtis in 1879 <h® "^^ com- 
pany was organized. The present officers are : C. A. Granniss, President, and F. 
W. Hurd, Secretary and Treasurer, with a capital stock of $75,000. They are 
dealers in lumber, and manufacture a great variety of building material and 
cabinet ware in all kinds of wood, employing about seventy-five men. 

WiUiam F. Swords, lumber merchant and manufacturer of building 
material, is located on the corner of East Washington avenue and Water street 
The business was started in 1852 under the name of Swords and Stilson. The 
latter died in 1874, ^^^ Mr* Swords continued the business. In 1879 he built the 
present buildings with all modern improvements. He employs from 75 to 100 
hands and conducts a large business for this part of the country. 

27^ Fequonnock Manufacturing Company, located at North 
Bridgeport, was conducted some years by William R. Bunnell and his brothers 
James F. and Thomas F. Bunnell, and it was prominent among the first industries 
in the city. 

7Fm« JS« Bunnell had been for a time connected with the celebrated New 
York Mills, near Utica, N. Y., where he had gained much practical knowledge in 
the manufacture of muslins. So interested did he become in the business that he 
sold a fine grazing farm of 1,100 acres, stocked with 3,000 merino and Saxony 
sheep, in the towns of Burns and Ossian, Alleghany Co., N. Y., and in 1854 
bought the interest of his uncle. Dr. Thomas Fitch, of Philadelphia, in the woolen 
mills at North Bridgeport. Subsequently the three Bunnell brothers greatly 
enlarged the establishment, added another mill, imported many English and 
Welch operatives, and introduced the most improved machinery of the time. 
They made a high grade of broadcloth, as well as cotton goods. They conducted 
the business with much success until under the Polk administration the repeal of 
the tariff brought financial ruin upon them and hundreds of other manufacturers, 
in 1846. Retiring to the city of Bridgeport Mr. Bunnell resided for many years 



afterwards in LBfayette fireel ai the head of Liberty iinei. He wat well known 
a* a man of atrong rellgloua principle*, of iirlct Integrity In all his bustnesa irana* 
actions, and of active Christian benevolence. For ten years he vraa a cliy and 
lowa uaesBot, and for eight yeara clerk of the First Coogrcgatlooal Church. He 
died November 6, 1873, at the age of atxty*s]x jrears. 

The JtfontMnentoJ Bronz« Company was oiganlied and eaubljihed In 
this city in the early pail of the year 1B74, looted on corner of Barnum and Hal- 
lett streets, and ha* proved a succestful enterprise. About the year tS6B Mr. M. 
A. Richardson wal placed in charge of the Slierman ce me lory ground* In Chautau- 
<)ua county, N. Y., and during several years of service there became Impressed 
with the need of something more duiabtc than alone for monumental use. His 
studies in the matter led him litit to investigate llie qualities of stone china as 
an article for such use, but after three journeya to Tienlon, N. J., and other 
researches in the matter, turned his atientlon to the practicability of using 
galvanised Iron for this purpose. In testing this material he made at Buf- 
falo a small monument, placing slalncd glass tablets upon It with an Inscrip- 
tion, but after three years ho found the stained glass, which ho had been told 
would endure against the weather, peMed olT, and hence was of no value in this 
kind of work. During this lime his investigatinns, by a chance observation, were 
directed to the qualilies of cast or molded zinc, and soon after he came to the con- 
clusion that this was the article to meet his purposes, and with this he galvanized 
his monument and took It to his home in Sherman and began to solicit capital, for 
the purpose of producing this kind uf monument. He found Mr. O.J. Wlllard 
willing to become partner in the business, and they went to Patleraon, N. J., ia 
May, 1873, where they contracted with a firm to manufacture this klad Of monu- 


8 1 4 History of Stratford. 

ment. Mr. Willard made a trip into the countrj and obtained about thirty orders* 
but at this point the woric ended, because the contractors failed to produce good 
castings. Another experiment was made in Broolctyn, N. J., to obtain the cast- 
ings, but it failed. After several other failures, these persevering men built a 
shanty, put in a furnace, hired a molder, and at the end of three weeks produced 
some very good castings for their purpose, which astonished the other parties who 
failed, and had proclaimed that these castings could not be made. Some further 
efforts being made to interest capital having failed, the matter was given up as 
dead, and to be buried without a monument. Soon, however, a contract was made 
with Mr. Wm. Walter Evans of Patterson, N. J., cashier of the great locomotive 
works, giving him the exclusive right to manufacture for the United States and to 
sell the same to Mr. Richardson's and Willard's agents at a stipulated price. He 
proceeded with the business about a year when he sold his interest to Wilson, 
Parsons and Company of Bridgeport, in the early part of the year 1874. When 
the enterprise began in Bridgeport, it is said one man could do all the work then 
to be done, and the full development of the present methods had not been 
obtained, but by various experiments previous and afterward the system was per- 
fected. Soon after the company came here Mr. Daniel Schuyler was admitted as a 
partner, and the firm of Wilson, Schuyler and Company continued until the year 
1877, when Mr. A. S. Parsons became a partner and the name was known as 
Schuyler, Parsons, Landon and Company, and the business increased more 
rapidly until 1879, when it was formed into a stock company with a full paid cash 
capital of $300,000, under the title of the Monumental Bronze Company. Since 
then the business has rapidly increased, and the company are now able to produce 
anything In the monumental or statuary line, however great the size. The com- 
pany have established manufactories in the following places : one at Chicago^ 
known as the American White Bronze Company; the Western White Bronze 
Company at Des Moines, Iowa ; the St. Thomas White Bronze Monument Com- 
pany, at St. Thomas, Can.; and the New Orleans White Bronze Works, at New 

The one great claim of the company in favor of their work, is durability far 
beyond any stone that can be obtained, and of this quality there is certainly great 
need as exhibited by the decaying stones in all the cemeteries and burying- places 
in the United States, The present officers of this company are : President, A. S. 
Parsons, formerly contractor in the Wheeler and Wilson Sewing Machine Com- 
pany ; Vice-President, E. N. Sperry, of New Haven ; Treasurer, W. O. Corning, 
from New York ; Secretary, R. E. Parsons, from Norwich, Ct. 

IAdi€T%ifn Broiliers are cabinet makers, at 315 Water street. They com- 
menced their business here in 1865, occupying one floor, 100 feet by 25. where 
their manufactory now stands, and now they use the whole building, four stories, 
for manufacturing, besides three stories of the building at 3 and 5 State street, 
each floor being 120 by 54, as salesrooms. They produce all styles of goods in 
their line, special attention being given to upholstering. A skillful undertaker is 
also employed, and careful attention is given to this branch of the business. The 
brothers came from Germany to this country about 1855 and resided in Birming- 
ham, Conn., for seven years, and came thence to this city in z86i. William 
Lteberum has represented the First Ward, in which he resides^ in the Common 
Council, and is a mason and odd fellow. August Lieberum, the junior brother,, 
is also a mason and a member of the knights templar. 

Bridgeport^ 81$ 

I}avid Qin/and^ In the business of cutlery and edge tools at 43 Wall 
street, established this enterprise here in 1868. He occupies a floor 15 by 50^ the 
front being the salesroom and the rear the manufactory. He produces to order 
Any style of knives and gives special attention to repairs on all kinds of goods in 
Ills line. He is a native of Germany, but has resided In this country thirty-two 
jr^srs. He has been a member of the board of education for the last eight years» ^ 
id is a member of the St. John's masonic lodge. 

Thib Smith and Egge ManufacHiring Catnpany is located at x88 
I«afayette street and was organized in the spring of 1S74 and incorporated in 
September, 1877, with the same oflScers as at present, namely, Friend W, Smith, 
President, and W. H. Day, Secretary and Treasurer. 

They employ from one to two hundred men, who are under the superintend- 

«ncy of Mr. Frederick Egge. There Is probably no concern in this city so well 

and favorably known to the United States Government as this establishment. 

They have for several years past manufactured all the post office mail locks In 

use in the United States, and in all probability will supply thorn for several years 

to come. They also originated the system of carrying the mail key attached to 

the person of the carrier or route agent by a length of chain, and also in like 

manner fastening it to the mailing table In every post office in the country. For 

this use they have supplied the government with over 300,000 feet of chain, and 

the loss of keys Is now very seldom reported. They have also supplied Mexico, 

Hayti, Chili, and St. Domingo with mail locks and keys. Since every lock bears 

on its face the imprint, "Manufactured by the Smith & Egge Co.," they have 

given a wide-spread fame to Bridgeport, and the city has doubtless realized 

material advantage from the celebrity. In addition to mail locks and keys they 

have supplied the government with all the postal punches for use In connection 

with the postal notes, and each of these also bears the name of Bridgeport. Conn. 

They have also furnished the Post Office Department with all their cord fasteners 

and label cases, numbering many hundred thousand. They have also had large 

dealings with the Treasury and Navy Departments of the government. 

For the general trade they manufacture a great variety of articles, prominent 
among them are the giant padlock, giant drill check, and giant metal sash chains. 
The giant metal sash chain is a noticeable article. About eight years ago they 
conceived the Idea of making a chain that could be sold at a popular price as a 
substitute for cord for hanging weights to windows, and they filed out the first 
samples by hand and were the originators of the chain represented In the accom- 
panying cut. It has been adopted by the United States for their public buildings 

and Is in general use in all parts of the country. To produce it cheap enough 
and Cast enough to meet the demand, Mr. Frederick Egge invented a machine, 
into which the metal being fed, the links are cut out, put together, shaped, and the 
completed chain drawn out under a strain that tests its tensile strength sufiiciently 
to discover any flaw In the metal, and at the rate of five feet a minute, without any 
hnman hand touching it. It Is a marvel of Ingenuity and does the work of several 
men. The firm keep several of these machines running continuously. They are 

8i6 History of Stratford. 

also sole proprietors of the metal from which the chain is made, it being known in 
the market as the giant metal, and is said to be superior to any other for the pur- 
pose. Besides this and other chains they make special goods for large consumers, 
and for years have manufactured in this line sewing machine hardware for the 
Singer Machine Company, Wheeler and Wilson. Domestic, Estey Organ, and 
other companies. They have also for several years made the universal button 
hole attachment, and have lately put on the market a family button hole attach- 
ment that is capable of being applied to all the leading machines, enabling the 
sewing machine to do what it has not heretofore done successfully, that is, to 
make the button holes for the family without very much additional expense. 
They have also much valuable and special machinery made by and for themselves, 
not found in any other establishments In this or any country, and they employ 
many highly skilled mechanics. The company have a representative in New 
York and In Chicago, but their business is mainly conducted through their office 
in this city, and both the president, secretary' and treasurer give it their constant 
and personal attention. The original firm was composed of Mr. Friend W. Smith 
and Mr. Frederick Egge. Mr. Smith is well known as having been postmaster 
of Bridgeport eight years, during both terms of President Lincoln's administra- 
tion. Mr. Egge has won for himself the reputation of being one of the best and 
most ingenious mechanics in the country. Mr. Warner H. Day, who came into 
the concern, bringing additional capital, in 1877, has twice been, and is its secre- 
tary and treasurer. He is well known in Bridgeport and in New^York City, 
where he was engaged in the wholesale hardware trade for many years. 

Joseph Keller and Company , manufacturers of square and upright 
pianos, are located in the building of the coach lace company. They established 
their business here in 1884, employing fifteen hands and increasing them as they 
were able to turn their own resources, being content with the daily production of 
one piano until the natural increase of their business permitted them to further 
enlarge their facilities. They make only one grade of instrument, the difference 
being only in the style of the case. Already their instrument is being acknowl- 
edged as most superior, and besides four awards of minor importance they 
received the first premium at the New York State fair in 1885. 

Mr. Keller's reputation as a practical musician and piano maker is the very 
best, he being one of a family including the father and seven brothers, all either 
manufacturing or employed in manufactories of pianos. He was in New York 
City thirty years, commencing as an apprentice at the age of twelve years, and 
worked in some of -the leading manufactories until he established himself in 
Bridgeport as above stated. He was also educated as a pianist and organist, 
which enables him to study and perfect the tone of his instruments. Every part 
of an instrument he has made hundreds of times with his own hands, which has 
qualified him for the personal inspection he gives to the smallest details of his 

The company have met with success far beyond their most sanguine expecta- 
tions, so much so that their orders are greater than they can fill for months to 
come. Although they have spacious rooms, yet enlargement has become neces- 
sary and is soon to be secured. All this is owing to the manner of constructing 
their instruments and the effect secured. All the wood parts of their instruments 
are double, cross-grain veneered, both within and without, the material thoroughly 
kiln-dried, and while able to resist any atmospheric changes the instruments 

Bridgeport. 817 

sire novels of taste and beauty; while possessing a beautiful finish, noth- 
ing in the whole work is neglected, but manufactured by skillful workmen 
from the best material to be found, the principal aim being to make a first-class 
piano in every respect with special attention to its durability. These pianos unite 
every advantage produced, containing every valuable improvement science has 
suggested, including a number of their own inventions. In each piano the plank, 
or pin-block, is composed of five thicknesses of maple wood, the grain running in 
different directions, through that the turning-pin is held all round by endwood, 
the advantage being that changes of temperature do not swell or contract. This 
departure tends to keep the instrument in tune longer than by the ordinary 
method,— a great point in piano economy,— and by this system of crossing the 
grain of the wood all danger or liability of splitting the rest plank is removed. 
Their tone combines the greatest possible volume and richness, together with 
a beautiful and refined sweetness and purity, and remarkable for its extraordinary 
prolongation and singing quality, as well as perfect evenness throughout the 
entire scale; touch of the greatest lightness, elasticity, and pliancy, enabling the 
performer to control the instrument perfectly, and to vary the tone from the softest 
whisper to the most powerful fortissimo, 

Ilincks and d'ohnsan, manufacturers of fine heavy carriages, such as 
coaches, landaus, broughams, coupes, hansom cabs, established their business on 
Broad street in May. 1879, "^ successors to Wood Brothers, who, with Stephen 
and Russell Tomlinson, gained a well deserved reputation during seventeen 
years of successful labors in the business. Mr. David Wood was among the first 
to commence a manufactory of heavy carriages in this country, beginning in 1838, 
under the firm name of Tomlinson, Wood and Company. Mr. Hincks is a native 
of this city, and Mr. Johnson was engaged In New York for a term of years before 
starting the business here. They occupy the original edifice built in 1831, with 
such additions as have been made from time to time, and now cover over two 
acres of ground floor, giving employment to 100 or 150 hands. They turn out 
complete about 200 of the larger carriages or coaches yearly, and of other styles 
a greater number, being, in fact, the largest establishment of the kind in New 
England and the second in this country. The departments for construction in 
wood and iron work each in itself would make a large business. They were the 
first to introduce recently the London hansom cabs, making some changes from 
the English design, and have already sold a large number of them in the most 
populous cities of the country. All their business is transacted at the office of 
their manufactory. 

The White Manufacturing Company is located at 95 Cannon street, 
and produce coach lamps, carriage mountings and hardware. The officers are : 
George H. Johnson, President; William B. Hincks, Treasurer; H. S. Wilmot, 
Secretary; Thomas Boudren, Superintendent. 

This enterprise was started in 1832 by Rippen and Sturges, who were suc- 
ceeded by George Rippen, and he was succeeded by White and Bradley, who in 
turn were succeeded by Thomas P. White and Company. This firm was merged 
into the present White Manufacturing Company, which was organized as a joint 
stock company in x86i, with a capital of $40,000. They employ sixty hands in 
the manufacture of the finest grade of carriage lamps and mountings, and hearse 
trimmings. They have the reputation of making only the best class of goods, 
which are sold in every State in the Union, and also in Mexico and Cuba. 

History of Stratford, 


Th» Atlantic House ia locaied on ibc corner of Fairfield avenue and 
Water aireet, and was erected about 1861, but hai been enlarged alnce that lime. 
It aland* acioss the street from the Nevr York and Nevr Haven railroad depot, 
and is a first clasa hotel. The building, although plain In aijrte. Is an ornament to 
that pan of the citjr. 

Sir, Feter Foiand, the proprietor. 1* a native of Schoharie countj, K. Y.. 
where he married Mias Annie Ellsa Kilmoie. Me resided In Albany about thirty 
yeara, where he kept the Duniap and the Mansion Houses on Broadway, and also 
the Poland House on Washington avenue, where the State House now atands. 
In Albany he aerved a term ai alderman. He left Albinj- and waa proprietor. Tor 
a time, of the Nelson Home at Po ugh keep ale, N. Y,, and from that place came 10 
Bridgeport in 1B80, where hs has earned a high and honorable reputation ai pro- 
prieioi □( the Atlantic House and a* a public clilion. Many of the bast class of 
cltiiena reside In hi* house. He is efficiently assisted by his son. Mr. Worthing* 
ton Foland, who hai always resided with his father. HI* daughter, Ida. married 
Mr. Holland H. TerrilT. of Albany, and (hoy reside with Mr. Foland. 

Bridgeport. 819 

The JEiifn House is located at 36 John street, it having been a private 
dwelling until within a few years. In 1884 it was enlarged and became decidedly 
in public favor, and has been very prosperous since. It is conducted as a temper- 
ance house. 

Mr* «r« JR. Itockfellerf the proprietor, is a native of New York State, a 
member of the societies of odd fellows, royal arcanum and knights of pythias. and 
is having success in this enterprise. 

Recreation Jl(M is located at Main street ; was erected by Hon. P. T. 
Barnum for the purposes of recreation and amusement. It is 200 feet by 80, two 
stories, built with brick, the front being Philadelphia brick with terra cotta finish, 
ornamented with griffins* and statuary. The arrangements in the interior of the 
building are very complete on a large scale. Mr. H. G. Husted is the originator 
of plan and equipments, and is the lessee of the building. 

Tlie jBiMoon Ascension of September 6, 1852, was made at Bridgeport, 
by the largest balloon ever used in the United States. It was made of French 
flag silk, 100 feet in height, and 72 in diameter, and held 3500 feet of gas, half of 
it being supplied by the Bridgeport Gas Companyi and the rest manufactured in 
a tank by Monseiur Petin. The balloon was one of three of the same size and 
workmanship, and made for an aerial trip across the Atlantic ocean, but failed to 
accomplish that journey. It ascended to an altitude of 23,500 feet, continued its 
aerial journey one hour and a half when it landed in the ocean, off the village of 
Bridgehj«mpton, L. I., about six miles out. The persons who ascended in it, were : 
Monseiur Petin, aeronaut ; Gustave Reynaud, machinist ; J. W. Dufour, inter- 
preter ; and Mr. Seetch, a school teacher of East Bridgeport. After battling with 
the waves for two hours, they were rescued by a life saving crew, thus narrowly 
escaping a watery grave, and returned to Bridgeport four days from the time they 
made the ascension. The cost of this balloon was $3500, and it was a total loss. 
Monseiur Petin returned to Paris and engaged in ballooning in the interest of the 
French government. Gustave Reynaud remained in Bridgeport for a time but 
died while on a visit to his native country. The only survivor of the party is J. 
W. Dufour who resides now in Stratford, Conn. But few old Bridgeporters but 
that remember Petin*s signal when beginning his most grand ascension on that 
occasion ; "Six inches let go." '* Six inches let go.*' Mr. Dufour says that while 
thousands of feet high In the air they could distinctly see the fish In the water of 
the Sound. 

The Newspapers of Bridgeport. 

Tlie lte%nihlican Fa%*^nev was started as a weekly newspaper in 1790 
at Danbury, under the name of the Farmer's Miscellany. After various fortunes 
and absorbing one or two rivals it was removed to Bridgeport in 18 10, by Stiles 
Nichols ; and has been consecutively published here since by Stiles Nichols, 
Stiles Nichols and Son, Pomeroy and Nichols. William S. Pomeroy, Pomeroy and 
Morse, W. S. Pomeroy again, Pomeroy, Gould and Company, and Gould and 
Stiles, the present owners. The '* Daily Farmer" was started January i, 1750, by 
W. S. Pomeroy, and has been published since that date except for about a month 

820 History of Stratford. 

in the summer of 1861, when the office was mobbed and sacked for alleged oppo* 
siiion to the civit war. The present proprietors became sole owners in 1870. It 
has always been a staunch Democratic paper, supporting Jefferson and bis suc- 
cessors, and Jackson and all the later Democratic administrations ; has steadily 
groivn with the increase of the population of the town and county, and is a wide- 
awake newspaper. 

27i0 American Teleg^*aph was started here by Lazarus Beach, a printer, 
bookseller and stationer, in 1795. It was issued weekly from the office at the 
corner of Wall and Water streets, opposite the old Washington Hotel. 

The Bridgeport JEEerald, a weekly paper, was commenced about the 
year 1805 by Samuel Mallory. Copies of it are now extremely scarce, much more 
so than those of its predecessor, the "Telegraph," of which quite a number have 
been preserved. 

The Bridgeport Advertieer was started in 1806, by Hezekiah Ripley, 
and published weekly for several years at the rate of one dollar and fifty cents per 

Tlie Connectictit Courier was commenced in 1810, by Nathaniel L. 
Skinner, and continued by him for upwards of a dozen years. 

The Connecticut Batriot was commenced in 1826, by L. Bradley and 
Company, at their office on the corner of Main and State streets, opposite the 
Steamboat Hotel, afterwards the Franklin House. 

The Spirit of the Times was published and edited by George W. 
Smith, Jr., at the corner of State and Water streets, which met with considerable 
success. This paper was started in 1831, when public opinion ran high on 
Masonry, soon after the disappearance of the unfortunate Morgan. It was devoted 
to ihe cause of anti-Masonry, and for a while had a circulation of eight hundred 
copies. It was afterwards sold to John Swaine. 

The Bridgeport Chronicle was first published September g, 1848, by 
B. H. Munson, at the corner of State and Water streets. It was issued weekly, at 
one dollar per annum, and enjoyed but a brief existence. 

The First Bridgeport Leader suspended after fifteen numbers. U 
was edited by T. M. Clarke, subsequently editor of the Winsted " Herald,'* and 
published by the Bridgeport Printing Company. The date upon its first number 
is March 25, 1854. 

The newspapers published in Bridgeport at the present time are the " Far- 
mer," Democratic; the "Standard," Republican; the "Morning News," Inde- 
pendent; the "Evening Post," and the "Sun." 

The Bepublican Standard was commenced in the year 1839, ^X A. A. 
Pettengill, who was both editor and proprietor. He purchased of Edmund 
Fanton at that time the " Bridgeport Republican," a weekly paper commenced 
by Mr. Fanton in 1830. In the spring of 1848, Julius S. Hanover was admitted 
to an interest in the business. In 1853 a tri-weekly edition was begun, followed 
in 1854 by the publication of a daily. In September, 1863, Mr. John D. Candee, 
formerly of New Haven, became the successor of the firm of Pettengill and 

Bridgeport. 821 

lianover, and on January i, 1867, the Standard Association was organised, with 
a capital stock of thirty thousand dollars, which has since been largely increased. 
At the time of the organisation Mr. Candee was President of the association and 
J. W. Knowlton Secretary and Treasurer. Mr. Knowlton was also business 
manager for about ten years. At the present time the paper is edited by 
Messrs. John D. Candee and George C. Waldo, the business management 
being under the direction of Mr. Alexander Wheeler. It has also a telegraphic 
news editor, Mr. S. O. Canfietd, a city editor, Mr. F. C. Smith, and three reporters, 
Messrs. Fqink A. Wood, F. H. Nash and Frank W. Boland. The job depart- 
ment is under the charge of Mr. Patrick Wade, Jr., and Mr. George B. Whitney is 
foreman of the netvspaper composing department. Wm. H. Parrott is bookkeeper 
and accountant ; and the entire force numbers from twenty-five to thirty men. 
Large daily and weekly editions arc published and the paper has a wide circula- 
tion and influence. It has always been decidedly republican in politics. The fine 
brick building on the corner of Fairfield avenue and Middle street^ owned and 
occupied by the Standard Association, was erected in 1870, at a cost of over 

John Dutton Cmtdee, son of Benjamin and Almira C. 
(Dutton) Candee, was born in Pompey, Onondaga county, 
N. Y., June 12, 1819. His parents were natives of Oxford, 
Connecticut. He had four sisters and one brother. His 
ancestors in both lines were descendants from the earliest 
settlers in the country who were of pure English blood, 
except one on the paternal side who came from France and 
settled in England. 

Mr. Candee's parents removed from Pompey to Connec- 
ticut about 1825, and the following year his father died at 
Cheshire, leaving a widow, and six children from six weeks to 
fifteen years of age, without property. His mother removed 
to New Haven, where by great skill and hard labor she suc- 
ceeded in maintaining her family, but her struggles left a 
vivid impression on the mind of her son. 

When nine years of age young Candee walked to Oxford 
to work on a farm with his great-uncle, Capt. Job Candee, 
and since that day he has supported himself without aid from 
any friend or relative. He regards the three years spent on 
that farm as among the most valuable of his life. Captain 
Candee was a soldier in the Revolution who never tired of 
telling stories of that war, and from these the boy imbibed 
those sentiments of patriotism which fire his spirit, and some- 
times blaze out in the Bridgeport " Standard." When about 
ten years of age he first learned something of the institution 


822 History of Stratford. 

of slavery, and he so instinctively felt the supreme wrong of 
that institution that he has ever been an intense opponent of 
all oppression and slavery all over the world. 

When thirteen years of age he engaged in a printing 
office as a •* roller boy" and continued at that trade ten 
years, and thereby mastered every detail of the business. 

Thirsting for knowledge and living in sight of Yale Col- 
lege he became imbued with a strong desire to go through 
that institution, and although without means he accomplished 
his object and was graduated in 1847. Still he went on, and 
spent the next two years in the Yale Law School, under the 
tuition of Governors Bissell and Dutton. After graduating 
he went to Iowa to practice his profession, but returned the 
following year to New Haven and opened a law office. For 
five years he was the prosecuting attorney or grand juror of 
that town, and it fell to his lot to enforce the so-called Maine 
law, which he did successfully. After that he followed his pro- 
fession for seven years in New Haven, being the city attorney 
for two years. While the profession of law secured satisfac- 
tory remuneration, yet by his peculiar sensitiveness and per- 
sonal tastes he did not like it, and hence accepted the 
editorial department of the New Haven " Journal and Cou- 
rier ** for three months, and, finding that occupation congenial 
he purchased a two-thirds interest in the Bridgeport daily 
and weekly ** Standard," and entered upon his new duties 
September 12, 1863. 

On the 29th of October following, he married Miss 
Sarah Bryant Smith, daughter of the Rev. Samuel F. Smith, 
D.D., of Newton Centre, Mass. They have had three daugh- 
ters, of whom two, Almira Louise and Hattie Kate are living. 

When Mr. Candee assumed control of the " Standard " 
it was a small paper and in a very precarious condition, but 
it soon began to grow, and this prosperity has continued so 
that the paper has been enlarged several times. For a time 
he did all the editorial work himself, but gradually was able 
to add one assistant after another until it requires the work 
of six men to conduct it editorially, while the business depart- 
ment, which formerly afforded but light work for one man, 
now requires four, and the job department has correspond- 

Bridgeport. 823 

ingly increased. Determining to avoid certain, errors ot 
journalism^ and to pursue a line of general progress for the 
public good, his paper has become a great success. This 
prosperity Mr. Candee does not attribute wholly to himself 
but much to his associates, with whom he has maintained 
very pleasant relations. Mr. George C. Waldo, associate 
editor, has been on the " Standard " for nineteen years ; Mr. 
Alexander Wheeler, the business manager, seventeen years, 
and the type setters on an average twenty years. The public 
career of the paper for nearly twenty-three years renders 
useless any effort to describe its principles, or those of its 
chief editor, and his associates. The prosperity of the paper 
in a commonly moral and intelligent community reveals its 
high moral tone and public spirit. In politics Mr. Candee is 
Republican, solely from a conviction that the principles ot 
that party are right. He thoroughly believes in universal 
education and works with perseverance for that end and for 
public progress in all directions. He has asked for no office 
and has held none in Bridgeport except three years in the 
Common Council, but he accepted the nomination for Lieut- 
Governor in 1882, and was defeated. 

In person he is six feet and one inch in height, weighs 
about 260 pounds, stands erect, and moves with dignity and 
self-possession ; and in the most literal meaning as to his 
acquirements, is a self-made man. 

Oearge Curtis Waldo was born in Lynn, Mass., in 
1837, and is the eldest son of the Rev. J. C. Waldo, a promi- 
ncnt Univcrsalist clergyman, now for many years retired at 
New London, Conn. Deacon Cornelius Waldo was the first 
of the name to come to this country (1654), and from him the 
entire family with all its branches has sprung. The family is 
of ancient date. Deacon Cornelius tracing his descent back 
to Thomas, brother of Peter Waldo, founder of the WaU 
denses (1170). On his mother's side Mr. Waldo is related to 
the old Huguenot family of Ballou, his mother being Elmina, 
daughter of the Rev. Hosea Ballou of Boston, and cousin of 
Eliza Ballou the mother of James A. Garfield. Mr. Waldo 
was graduated at Tufts College, Mass., in i860, and studied 
law in the office of the Hon. Andrew C. Lippitt of New Lon- 

824 History of Stratford. ^ 

don, Conn., with T. M. Waller. Both he and Gov. Waller 
enlisted as privates in the first company raised in New Lon- 
don for the Civil War, and served through the campaign of 
1861. After his discharge from the army, his health being 
poor, Mr. Waldo abandoned the study of the law and entered 
more active business in New London and Bridgeport from 
the years 1862 to 1867, and, in the latter year he engaged as 
city editor of the Bridgeport " Daily Standard." He occu- 
pied this position for two years and in 1869 he bought the 
interest of Major L. N. Middlebrook in that journal and 
became associate editor of the paper with the Hon. John D. 
Candee, a position which he has occupied ever since. In 
1874 he married at New Orleans, Annie, daughter of Major 
Frederick. Frye, formerly of Bridgeport, and their children 
are Selden Connor, Rosalie Hillman and Maturin Ballou. 
For eight years Mr. Waldo has been a member of the vestry 
of Christ Episcopal Church Parish and for four years was its 
Junior Warden. He was, with the Rev. Dr. H. N. Powers, 
one of the founders of the Scientific Society and for five years 
its secretary. He was among the founders of the Historical 
Society and is one of its Vice-Presidents. For five years he 
was a member of the Board of Education, was a member of 
the Building Committees of the Board and the Town in the 
construction of the New High School, and for two years 
was chairman of the Committee on Schools. He has never 
sought political office, the duties of his business being all that 
he has had time to undertake. He was the first President of 
the old Eclectic Club, is one of the vice-presidents of the Sea 
Side Club, is a member of the Grand Army of the Republic 
and the Army and Navy Club of Connecticut, was a charter 
member of the first lodge of the Knights of Pythias, and has 
belonged to other similar organizations. He is a connoisseur 
in art and literature, has many works of art and a fine miscel- 
laneous library. In 1882 he built the residence No. 85 Golden 
Hill, where he now resides. 

Tlie JEhfening Pos^.— Strangers who visit the busy establishments of the 
" Evening Post " are often surprised to hear old citizens who are conducting ▼isi- 
tors through it say : " Now show us the press you first started with." And when, 
in response, a forlorn and battered three-dollar card-press is produced, they feel 
that the story of the "Post" is indeed one of small beginnings. Starting with 
this small press. George W. Hills, the founder of the " Evening Post." worked his 

Bridgeport. 82; 

way on unlit, ihougli siill a boy, lie carried on a small but thriving job prinilng 
butineu in a Utile frame building at 304 East Main sireet. Several buslnesi men 
of Easi Bridgeport, nho had been his earliest patrons, used to urge him, haU-jest- 
liglVi to issue a daily one-cent paper. February 7th. 1883, saw (he first number 
of ihe " Post," a neatly printed four-column sheet, ijxaa, apity described by a big 

contemporary as " handkerchicr size." It received a heariy nelcome from the 
public, and in May, iSBj, ii nas enlarged lo 5 columns. September, of the same 
^ear s.11* iis expansion to six columns, and in July, 1S84, it attained Its present 
dinienilonii, being nov* a handsomely -printed 7-coIumn daily, exactly the same 
■be as llie " Nen York Sun." From the first It found cordial supporters among 
wealthy and influential adveriisers, nho ireie quick to perceive the advantages of 
a penny paper with lis nide circulaiion among people who usually spend their 
money in their onn cily. The pcoliis of the paper were steadily devoted 10 ill 
improvement, and Hoe presses and other machinery of Ihe besi descrjpiion speed- 
ily look ihc place of Ihe first primitive contrivances. In January. 1SS5, George 
W. Hills associated with him his brother Henry M. Hills, ibus forming the 
present firm of Hills Brothers, It September, 1SB5, ihe "Post" migrated from 
Ihe lillle frame building which It had long outgrown, to the stately bricic block 
erected on Middle sireet. by A. L. Winlon, Esq. Here increased prosperity haa 
folloned ll. lis sworn circulation is 4,000 daily, and it has an immense advertis- 
ing patronage. Visitors receive a hearty welcome, and It is one of the sights of 
Bridgeport 10 see ihe " Post" printed and delivered 10 its waiting army of boya. 
Politically Ihe "Post" is Independent, and always ready 10 lend ils support 10 
"honest men and honest measures," 

826 History of Stratford. 

The Morning NewB, as a daily paper, was first published on September 
7, 1874, bjT Major Henry M. Hoyt, L. C. Prindle and John Beardsley. The olBce 
was under the Atlantic House from which it was issued just thirty days and dis- 
continued. It had been fairly patronized, but it neither made nor lost a dollar. 
On October 27, 1879. the "News" was staned again by Major Hoyt, who con- 
ducted it with the assistance of A. W. French as city editor, and T. W. Wood as 
night editor, until February i, 1885, when it was purchased by Rufus A. Lyon and 
L. C. Prindle. This firm continued until December 9. 1885, when by mutual con- 
sent Mr. Prindle purchased Mr. Lyon's interest, and became proprietor and editor, 
and thus it continues with good success. On December 17, 1885, Arthur W. 
French became the night editor. 

27i« JBridgeport Sun, originally known at the *' Budget,'* was established 
in 1867, by William H. May, at ai Wall street It is democratic in its principles 
and independent in character, and is now published in Hawes* Opera House 
Block, on Fairfield avenue, every Saturday morning. 

W.'H. May, the editor of the **Sun,'' was the editor of the **Boneville 
Trumpet," which acquired considerable fame as a comical monthly soon after the 
war, and displayed at its ** mast-head " the motto : 

*' Independent, like It or lump it. 
We'll tell the Truth in the Bonevillk Trumpet." 

During a period of fourteen months in Rebel prisons pens, at Camp Ford, 
Tyler, Texas, he printed with a pen in imitation of types, a paper called **TiiB 
Old Flag," which was lithographed after his exchange and lac-simile copies 
furnished to old ex-prisoners. This is the only instance in the war of '61-5 when 
a newspaper was ever successfully published by prisoners in the hands of the 

The First Universalis^ Society^ was organized in April, 1844, >n<l 
they built their first church edifice the following summer on Cannon street, the 
Rev. Samuel B. Britain, formerly an Episcopal clergyman, being their minister. 
The church was organized January I3, 1845, with the following members : Ammon 
Williams, Charles M. Marvin, Richard Thompson, William Gould, Oliva Williams, 
Lucy A. Landon, Mary A. Davis, Mana Thompson, Thomas Lewis, S. S. Lyon, 
Sarah W. Lyon, Elizabeth C. Britain, Henry Edwards, Amanda Wells, Harvey 
K. Knight. Samantha Mettler, Francis Marshall, Amy Edwards, Lewis B. Edwards, 
Alba Briggs, Susan Robinson, Ann E. Pollard and F. P. Ambler. 

Previous to the organization of the society Rev. Menzies Raynor and Rev. 
Forbyce Hitchcock preached here as missionaries. Mr. Britain left about 1846, 
and the Rev. F. S. Fletcher succeeded him, remaining two years. The Rev. 
Hosea Ballou preached here a number of limes before 185a The Rev. Moses 
Ballou was settled here September i, 1848, and remained six years. The church 
edifice was burned in May, 1850, and the present one built on Fairfield avenue, 
near Broad street, that year. The Rev. Edwin C. Boll was ordained pastor here 
July 30, 1855, and remained about one year. He was educated in Trinity College 
in Hartford. The Rev. Thomas Lathrop was settled pastor here several years, 
beginning in 1861. The next pastor was the Rev. Selden Gilbert, commencing in 

* Received too late for insertion in its proper connection, on page 678. 

Bridgeport. 827 

May, 1868, who remained about ono year. In 1869, Miss Olympia Brown, after- 
wards Mrs. Olympia Willis, became the pastor of this church, and labored with 
success until in 1875 when she resigned, and the present pastor, the Rev. John 
Lyon succeeded her. 

The addition to the church edifice, securing a comfortable Sunday school 
room and parlor, was built in 1880, and the church debt was paid in spring of 
« 886, by the special and persistant labors, of the pastor. 

Mev. John I/yoUf the present pastor of the Church of 
the Redeemer, was born in the city of Glasgow, Scotland, 
December 31, 1844. He received his early education in the 
excellent national schools of Glasgow, and when about four- 
teen years of age became attached to the Bridgeton public 
school as a pupil teacher, remaining there some four years, 
attending at the same time the Glasgow University, which he 
entered in his sixteenth year. Soon after entering the univer- 
sity he opened a private school, which was successful during 
the four years he directed it. 

Determining to come to this country he left Glasgow, 
and after a stormy passage of fifteen days arrived in New 
York on Washington's birthday in 1867. Proceeding West 
he taught school in Michigan for nearly three years, and 
married in Detroit, Carrie C, youngest daughter of Mr. 
Henry Barnum, formerly a citizen of Bridgeport, Conn. 
Removing to Nebraska, he followed teaching, at the same 
time studying for the ministry. On January 22, 1871, he .was 
admitted to Orders in the Episcopal Church, and on April 6, 
1873, ordained to the priesthood. Withdrawing from the 
ministry of the Episcopal Church he received in July and 
August, 1874, calls from the Liberal Churches in Bolton and 
Ware, Mass. He accepted the latter and was duly installed. 
On November 16, 1876, he received a unanimous call to the 
First Universalist parish of Bridgeport, and accepting it,' 
entered upon the duties of pastor on the first Sunday in 
December of the same year, now nearly ten years since. His 
labors have been very earnest, steady and influential, espe- 
cially in regard to the great questions of moral reform of the 
present day. In 1882 he visited Scotland, to secure rest and 
revive old memories. In 1886 he received the honorary 
degree of Master of Arts from Tufts College, Mass. 

Besides writing considerably for public journals both 

828 History of Stratford. 

essays and sermons, he has published " What I Believe Con- 
cerning Endless Punishment," and the reply to it by the Rev. 
R. G. S. McNeille, "What I Believe Concerning Endless 
Punishment," with " Replies thereto by the Rev. John Lyon," 
82 pages, i2mo. He has also nearly ready for the press, 
" Vergilia, a Tale of the Primitive Church," 300 pages, i2mo. 

Itev. JEdtain Johnson,* the seventh pastor of the Sec- 
ond Congregational Church, was born in Plymouth, Ct., 
December i, 1826, and died in Morrisania, New York City, 
December 26, 1883, aged 57 years. Mn Johnson was grad- 
uated at Yale College in 1846, being the class poet, and after 
two years' study at Union Theological Seminary, New York, 
graduated there in 1850. He married Miss Sarah K., daughter 
of James and Lucy Bartlett of Portsmouth, N. H., who with 
three daughters survives him. 

He was acting pastor at Milford, Conn., one year during 
1850 to 1851 ; was ordained pastor of the Congregational 
Church at Jacksonville, 111., beginning June 6, 185 1, where he 
remained about seven years; was installed pastor of the Bow- 
doin street Church, Boston, Mass., June 29, 1859. O^ Octo- 
ber 16, 1861, he commenced labors at the Hammond street 
Church, Bangor, Me., where he remained until late in the 
year 1865. He was pastor of the Congregational Church in 
Baltimore, Md., from 1867 to 1869, and was installed pastor 
of the Second Congregational Church in Bridgeport, Conn., 
November 8, 1870, and continued its pastor until November 
2, 1876. After this he preached regularly, until his death, in 
the Congregational Church at Morrisania, N. Y., where he 
had charge of a school for young ladies. 

During his successful labors with the Second Church in 
Bridgeport, there were 202 persons added to the membership 
— 107 on profession of faith and 95 by letter, and therefore 
left the church in a good state of prosperity. He was a ready 
writer, and contributed articles to religious press and various 
magazines, and in 1873 published the •* Mouth of Gold," a 
series of dramatic sketches illustrating the life and times of 

* See page 646. 

Bridgeport. 829 

Upon receiving the intelligence of his decease the Second 
Congregational Church, passed the following: 

" Whereas, the sad intelligence was received yesterday 
of the death of Rev. Edwin Johnson, formerly pastor of this 
church, therefore 

^^Resolved, That we have heard with sincere sorrow of 
this affliction which has befallen his family, and that we take 
this means of conveying to them our sympathy, and assuring 
them that their grief is also ours, and that we share with 
thern the sad feelings of loss and bereavement which they 
now suffer. 

'^Resolved^ That this church desire to place^once more on 
record its high esteem for Rev. Mr. Johnson as a consistent 
and eminently faithful pastor, and as a sincere and unselfish 
friend whose loss we deeply lament. 

'^Resolved, That as an expression of our feeling, a com- 
mittee be appointed to attend the funeral in our behalf, 
and convey these assurances to his sorrow stricken family ; 
the following persons being the committee: Rev. R. G. S. 
McNcille, the pastor, Deacons Edward Sterling, Edward W. 
Marsh and Thomas Calef ; and Messrs. S. W. Baldwin, L. D. 
Sanford, M. Neville and E. A. Lewis. 

Deacon Blakeslee, of this church, was chosen February 3, 

Rev. Jiobert G. S. McNeiUe was born in the city of 
Philadelphia, April i, 1841, and was the second son of Perry 
R. McNeille, a merchant of that city, and of Hannah (Shep- 
herdson) McNcille. His early education was obtained prin- 
cipally in the public schools of the city and he graduated at 
eighteen from the high school with the degree of A.B. He 
subsequently graduated at Yale College in the class of 1863, 
and after a course of law in the office of G. M. Wharton, Esq., 
and in the University of Pennsylvania, he followed for two 
years the practice of that profession. He then graduated 
from the Yale Theological Seminary in New Haven and after 
a term of travel in Europe became, in 1870, the first pastor of 
the East Church, now the Humphrey Street Church, which 
he had founded while in the seminary. 

830 History of Stratford. 

He accepted a call to the Porter Church, in Brockton, in 
1872, and subsequently became pastor of the South Congre- 
gational Church in Bridgeport in December, 1877. 

St. John^B JBpi9eapdl (JF^ureh closed on page 627 with a sketch of the 
Rev. Dr. Maxcy's labors in it. Since the writing of that article work has been 
commenced on the new chapel at the north end of the church. This chapel will 
be 86 by 67 feet, one story high and basement. The cost is estimated at $30,000, 
and the expense is defrayed by the legacy of the late Catharine A. Pettengill, the 
material being the same as the church edifice — blue stone. The chapel will con- 
tain a lecture room, two parlors, library, kitchen, pastor's study, and retiring 
rooms. The building will be called the *' Burroughs Memorial Chapel." 

Tlie Rev. Edgar A. Enos, of Towanda, Pa., became rector of this church in 
December, 1885. 

PriV€Ue Scii-ools^ were well sustained in Bridgeport from about 1830 
until the consolidation of the public schools in 1876, and the establishment of the 
high school grade. 

Rev. Samuel Blatchford and Rev. Elijah Waterman had private schools, not 
only for candidates for the ministry but for others ; and Rev. Birdsey G. Noblo 
had one, also, on Fairfield avenue in 1834. Amos A. Pettengill kept such a 
school in 1838. Also the following: Mr. Abbott, in the basement of the South 
Church in 1835-6 ; Mr. Isaac H. Johnson, in the same place in 1837 ; Mr. Warren 
W. Selleck, on the corner of Main and State streets in 1835 and continued for 
twenty-five years, with. several changes of location; Rev. Henry Jones, Cottage 
Classical School, .already spoken of; Rev. Guy B. Day, a classical, an^ English 
school ; George W. Yates, at 89 Counland street in 1845. Mr. Yates removed to 
Bennington, Vt., and the school was continued by Mr. Day for many years; 
Emory F. Strong had a select school and military institute; and Seth B. Jones 
one of the same kind at 176 Park avenue, which is still continued. 

Young Ladies* Seminaries have been as follows: Mrs. M. M. Mallapar, 
daughter of' William Eaton, Esq., first located at the foot of Toilsome Hill — Park 
avenue — abonx 1837, removed to 89 Courtland street, where the institution 
flourished as a popular boarding school a number of years. Mrs. Mallapar was 
the organist at St. John's Church, also, many years. 

Misses Lydia R. and Susan C. Ward conducted a very popular select school 
for young ladies from about 1835. in the basement of the South Church, and later 
for* many years at 307 Lafayette street, to about 187a In the later period they 
educated many of the daughters of their earlier pupils. The Misses Ilinsdalo 
succeeded the Misses Ward for a few years. 

Miss Emily Nelson conducted a select boarding and day school for young 
ladies at 23 Harrison street, known then and since as Golden Hill Seminary, and 
after some years removed to her present elegant location, 107 Golden Hill street, 
as heretofore noticed. 

Miss Whiting commenced the Hillside Seminary which has been continued 
by others at 235 East Washington avenue. 

^ Received too late for insertion in the proper connection. 

Bridgeport. 831 

HiUside Seminary, a boarding and day school for young ladies and 
children, is advantageously located on Golden Hill in Bridgeport. In 1856 or '57 
Miss E. B. Whiting openied, on Gilbert street, with four children the school now 
known as Hillside Seminary. It soon became too large for its accommodations. 
The room was enlarged, but proving, then, insufficient, Miss Whiting, in 1867, 
secured the present location on Washington avenue, known as the '*OId Bost- 
wick Place." In 1868 the building was enlarged and improvements made. The 
school was prosperous, when in 1871, Miss Whiting married Mr. T. James Rundel, 
and Miss Wolcott took her place for three years. Then Mrs. Whiting-Rundel 
renewed her connection with the school, remaining as its principal and owner 
until her final withdrawal in 1876. During these years the school was particularly 
known as a French and English institution,, and earned for itself the highest 

In 1876, Miss A. J. Stone, Miss Knowles — afterwards Mrs. F. E. Fitch — and 
Miss Slade — afterwards Mrs. W. R. Hopson — succeeded Mrs. Rundel, continuing 
the lino of studies much the same as it had been, but gradually bringing science 
and classics to the front. In 1881, Mrs. Knowles-Fitch removed from the city, 
and Miss Stone and Mrs. Slade^Hopson continued the institution. Extensive 
additions and alterations were then made in the building, which under successive 
improvements has been most excellently arranged for school purposes. Under 
its present principals the school has maintained its previous creditable reputation 
and high standing, and laid the foundation for increased estimation. Its grad- 
uating courses have been made more and more systematic and thorough, and the 
AIumnsB of Hillside Seminary have maintained creditable standing compared 
with similar institutions. 

Tlie First School in the Bridgeport school district was located on the 
north side of State street at what is now No. 200. The building was built 
of brick in octagonal form, and the teachers were changed every year. 

Among ihem were Rev. Bronson, a Baptist clergyman, who served the 

Stratfield and Stepney churches ; and James Seeley of Easton, father of Mr. 
William K. and Fred. O. Seeley, of Bridgeport. 

About the year 1826, the old brick building was removed and another, three 
stories high, built of wood, was erected, which was dignified with the name ol the 
" High-School house," but which was really " high " only in the eminence oi 
the structure. The public school occupied the first and second stories of this 
building while the upper story was the room of St. John's Lodge. Up to 1840, 
the town and other meetings were held at this house. Here the late Eben French 
of North avenue — Fresh Pond— -wielded the rod a number of years. He was an 
excellent penman and left his marlc as a teacher of that art, in the hand-writing 
of many of the citizens of this town. 

In 1827, in a spasmodic attempt to improve the schools, Miss Lydia R. 
Ward, a native of Salem, Mass., was secured as a teacher, to introduce the moni- 
torial or Lancasterian system. But little success attended this effort. On the 
erection of the Second Congregational Church in 1830, Miss Ward with her sister 
Sarah C. Ward, opened a select school for Misses and young ladies and achieved 
therein great success. These ladies afterwards purchased a fine lot on Lafayette 
street and erected on it their ample residence. No. 309. In 1846 they erected on 
the same lot their Gothic school building and occupied it until 1876, when their 


History of Stratford. 

personal supervision was relinquished. Few teachers have made a longer, more 
successful or honorable record. It must be a matter of great satisfaction to 
look over the long and distinguished list of the Alumni, including the wives 
and daughters of many of the best citizens of this region of country. It has been 
Miss Ward's rare fortune to educate the daughters of many of her former pupils. 
Miss Ward excelled In penmanship and was very successful in imparting her 
own style and quality of writing to her pupils, which were In decided contrast 
with the angular scrawls which characterized other schools then and since. 
These qualities she still retains in a remarkable degree, even at the advanced jige 
of more than four score years, although the lines give unmistakable evidence of 
the (rerobling hand, as appears in the following fac-slmile of a note of a recent 
date, here inserted by pesnission, and which will introduce Miss Ward in another 
rdle as the President and Patron of the Bridgeport Protestant Orphan Asylum : 



Bridgeport. 833 

Hhe I^ubiic Xf{&f*ai*t/«— In the beginning of the sketch of the Bridgeport 
Public Library and Reading Room, on page 688, some erroneous statements are 
made and some items are left out, which are here corrected and supplied from the 
records of the old library association. After many fruitless efforts to render the 
library self-supporting, the Directors of the Library Association at a meeting held 
May 37th, 1881, resolved: '^That the Library be closed on and after June 15th, 
1881. until further notice." Mrs. Hills, the Librarian, signified her willingness 
to serve as librarian without charge on Thursdays during the enforced closure, 
which offer was accepted. No further action was taken by this meeting, as Mr. 
D. B. Lockwood, president of the Library brought copies of the law passed at 
the last session of the State Legislature in regard to public libraries, and it was 
thought best to see what action the citizens of Bridgeport would take towards 
availing themselves of the Act. 

On the 38th of May an article by Judge D. B. Lockwood appeared in the 
Bridgeport "Standard," explaining to the public the provisions of the Con- 
necticut Public Libraries Act, and suggesting that the city should found a public 
Library provided the directors of the Bridgeport Library Association would 
transfer their property as a nucleus for it. A letter signed H. (Mrs. Hills) sug- 
gesting a petition to the Common Council was published in the *' Standard" of 
June 3d. The following day Rev. DrJ Powers circulated a petition among the 
most prominent tax-payers, and on June 5th Mr. W. J. Hills had 1,000 petitions 
printed from Rev. Dr. Powers* copy, which, with the aid of Mr. Clarence Sterling 
and others were circulated in stores and factories. 

On the evening of June 6th, Alderman Charles Sherwood presented petitions 
bearing 1,963 signatures (this was afterwards increased to over 3,000), headed by 
the petition circulated by Rev. Dr. Powers, to the Common Council. Under 
the rules the hearing went over to the next meeting, Monday, June 30th, when 
Judge D. B. Lockwood explained the legal aspects of the case, and speeches in 
favor of the library were made by Alderman Charles Sherwood, Councilmen J. J. 
Phelan, Clarence Sterling, G. W. Warner and others. Only one speech opposing 
it was made. The establishment of a Free Library was passed by a vote of so 
to I — three members of the council being absent. 

After many efforts to get a quorum of the Directors of the Library Associa- 
tion together, and many legal technicalities of the law unravelled by Judge D. B. 
Lockwood, the formal transfer of the property of the old library to the Free 
Public Library took place August ist, 1881. 

Hie BtHdgepart HospiUzl was incorporated by the Legislature in 
January, 1878, and is probably as complete in its adaptation and appointments 
as any institution of the kind in the country. The marble tablet in the spacious 
corridor of the main building has inscribed the name of Mrs. Susan Hubbell as 
the first donor towards founding a hospital. Her bequest was originally about 
$i3fSOOt ^Ith an acre of ground on Mill Hill avenue. The fund accumulated, 
and by donations and collections from churches, societies, and other sources, the 
amount was increased to over twenty thousand dollars. Upon an appeal to the 
Legislature, it appropriated $50,000 for this object, when the corporation had 
$SO,ooo subscribed and paid in, besides the site. This was accomplished through 
the indefatigable efforts of Dr. George F. Lewis of the soliciting committee, 
assisted by the other members, Robert J. White, William B. Hincks and D. N. 

Bridgeport. 835 

The following were the first officers of the corporation : P. T. Barnuni, Presi- 
dent ; £. F. Bishop, Vice-President ; George F. Lewis, Secretary and Treasurer ; 
Jarratt Morford, Wm. B. Hinclcs and Robert White, Executive Committee ; P. T. 
Barnuro, Samuel W. Baldwin, George F. Lewis, F. B. Hal), R. W. Bunnell. E. P,. 
Bishop, Robert J. White, Amos S. Treat, William B. Hinclcs, Charles B. Hotch- 
kiss, Jarratt Morford, Samufel C. Trubee, Directors. The building was erected 
under the direction of the executive committee at the time consisting of Samuel 
W. Baldwin. Wm. B. Hinclcs and O. N. Morgan, at an expense of over $100,000. 
It was opened to the public November 11, 1884, and since that date to June 38,. 
1886, 390 patients have been received. 

The present officers of the corporation are : P. T. Barnum, President ; Jarratt 
Morford, Vice-President ; Dr. W. H. Bunnell, Secretary ; S. C. Kingman, Treas- 
urer ; Samuel W. Baldwin, Wm. B. Hinclcs and D. N. Morgan, Executive Com- 
mittee ; Wm. H. Rockwell, Auditor ; P. T. Barnum, R. W. Bunnell, S. W. 
Baldwin, David W. Plumb, D. A. Morgan, Joel Farist, Wm. B. Hincks, Charles 
B. Hotchkiss, Jarratt Morford and Samuel C. Trubee, Amos S. Treat (deceased)*. 
Directors. The physician in charge is George F. Lewis, M.D., and the House 
physician George V. Price, M.D. The consulting and visiting physicians 
and surgeons, also the specialists, have taken the deepest Interest In the success 
of the institution since its formal opening. This hospital, although now finely 
equipped, will, in the future, need additional facilities, but it is believed that an 
institution so grand and humane in its object, cannot fail to meet with generous- 
remembrances by those who may be able to render such aid as it shall need, 

A Young Men^s Christian AssocitUion was organized in Bridgeport 
in 1868, with a constitution and by-laws. In 1869-70 the officers were : Dabney 
Carr, President; Henry Sterling, Emery F. Strong, and R. P. Chapman, Vice- 
Presidents ; C. P. Porter. Treasurer ; and William F. Fosket, Secretary. This 
society continued its work with much effort and success, held regular meetings,, 
maintaining a free reading-room and doing much work by committees, in the idea 
of evangelical Christian work, until 1873, when the efforts were discontinued. 

The Young Men^s Christian Association of Bridgeport now in 
operation, was organized June 4, 1883, and incorporated in February, 1884, Dur- 
ing the summer of 1883 the association employed Mr. W, E. Colley, then general 
secretary of the Salem, Mass., association, as general secretary, and he entered 
upon his work September i, 1883. The next November the association took 
possession of their present rooms, which were fitted by the proprietor with special 
view to the needs of the association, and the work has gone forward with decided 
success to the present time, so much so that they are in need of much more ample 
quarters for the accommodation of their work. 

The public services are held regularly in their hall at four o'clock on Sunday 
afternoon, consisting of addresses and singing, accompanied by an effective and 
pleasing orchestra, and devotional exercises. Besides this service and other 
meetings during the week, they have an educational department, consisting of 
classes in vccal music, penmanship, educational studies, and the reading-room, 
all free to the members of the association. They have, also, the social department,^ 
physical culture, employment and boarding house, and boy*s department, each of 
which is placed In charge of a special committee. Under this generous arrange- 
ment much very valuable work has been accomplished. 


History of Stratford. 

The officers of the assocUtion are : Pretideot, Doctor L DeVer Warner ; Vico- 
Presidents, Daniel W. Kissam, Daniel £. Martb. Marshall E. If orris ; Treasorer. 
Francis W. Marsh ; Recording Secretary, Doctor W. H. Donaldson ; Geneiml 
Secretary, W. E. Colley ; Auditor, George Manger. 

The BhiianuUhean 8oeieiy»^The society which was wdl known in 
Bridgeport by this name twenty years ago. was a literary association of onasnal 
excellence, dignity and tenacity of life. It was the successor of a society formed 
about 1854, of which James L. Gould, Lemuel J. Beardsley, John Coggswell, 
Curtis Thompson, Luther R. Rlggs, John B. Dunning, and others were membeim. 
The Philomathean society was probably organised in 1855 and continued in active 
operation most of the time till the latter part of 1866. It had at one period over 
seventy members and many will remember its public debates and eatertalnmcnts, 
notably those of January 11 and April 19, 1858. The following annotated list of 
members is interesting and shows concisely the malce-up of tlie society. 

NoTK. — Those marked f died In the service of their country in the war of tlie 
rebellion, r, became clergyman. /, lawyers. /, physicians. 

George W. Banks. . 
John A. J. Barnes. 
John Samuel Beers, c 
George K. Birdsey. 
Charles K. Bishop. 
Robert C. Booth. £ 
James S. Bunnell. 
Samuel R. Calthrop. c 
Oscar Chamberlain. / 
H. W. Chatiicld. f 
Thomas Connor. 
R. R. Crawford, f 
Heman Crosby. 
Frederick L. Curtis, f 
Wright Curtis. 
Charies F. Daniels. 
L. W. Eaton. 
Walter Fletcher. 
William H. Foote. 
G. Fredericks. 
John S. Gaflfney. 
L. Gannon. . 
Frederick Giraud. 
James L. Gould. / 
Henry S. Gregory. 
Andrew Grogan. 
Henry T. Hanford. 
Chauncey M. Hatch. 
Alexander Hawley. 
Marcus C. Hawley. 

William H. Hawley. f 
Edward Y. Hincks. c 
Enoch P. Hincks. 
John H. Hincks. c 
William B. Hincks. 
Charies E. Hubbell. 
William L. Hubbell. 
Peter Hughes. 
O. S. Jennings. 
Charles N. Judson. / 
Frederick N. Judson. i 
Pixlee Judson. 
Walter Judson. 
Courtland Kelsey. 
S. Clayton Kingman. 
Charles F. Lemon. 
Benjamin B. Lewis. 
George F. Lewis. / 
Philip E. Lockwood. 
Roger H. Lyon. / 
Brainard W. Maples. 
Edward W. Marsh. 
J. H. Osbom. 
John Ogle. Jr. 
Albert M. Palmer. 
J. Wilbur Parrott. / 
Jewett Peck. 
Nathan F. Peck. 
Tbaddeus E. Peck. 

H. P. Pelton. 
Benfamin P. Penield. 
Noel B. Sanborn. 
L. A. Sanchez. 
C. E. Sanford. / 
William E. Seeley. 
Henry M. Sherman, e 
Lucuis Sherwood. 
E. Silliman. 
Lewis B. Silliman. 
Frederick W. Simmons. 
John B. Snow. 
Henry S. Steriing. 
Sherwood Sterling, Jr. 
H. Stevens. 
E. A. Sl John. 
E. A. Thayer. 
Curtis Thompson. / 
Frederick H. Thompson. 
C. Edward Toucey. 
Joshua G. Towne, 
Morris Tuttle. / 
Daniel H. Wardwell. 
Clarence H. Waugh. 
Charies B. Wheeler. 
Alva E. Wilcox, f 
Henry T. Winslow. 
Augustus N. Wood. 
N. Eugene Wordin. / 

Gilead S. Peet. / 

The society gave to the Bridgeport library association at different times $150. 
It was succeeded by the Philologean Society, composed of younger members, 
which existed but a short time. 

Bridgeport. 837 

Delightful reunions were held in the summers of 1875 and 1876; several 
numbers of an interesting and able manuscript paper called the " Philomathean 
Review/' were at different times prepared and read. These, with the records of 
the society, were carefully preserved by William B. Hinclcs, Esq. A large num- 
ber of the former members of this society are among our foremost citizens, and it 
is not too much to say that they owe much of their success to the practical train- 
ing which they received at its meetings. 

Hie Cemeteries of Bridgeport are six in number; two having been 
removed to the later ones. 

Mountain Grove Cemetery contains about 80 acres and is located in 
the north%vestem part of the city, and is bounded on the west by the beautiful, 
meandering stream called Ash Creek, but in early times Uncoway River. The 
Association, for its construction and care, was organized in 1849, ^^d opened 
with appropriate ceremonies on June 7, 1850. In 1852, Miss Hayes — a celebrated 
singer — while the guest of Mr. P. T. Barnum, preparatory to a professional tour 
in California, was induced to give a concert for the benefit of this cemetery, and 
the proceeds were devoted to the erection of the beautiful stone tower and 
gateway at the entrance of these grounds. 

In 1878, a fair held by the citizens of Bridgeport, at St. John's Hall, realized 
eleven thousand dollars profits, %vhich were expended in grading and beautifying 
the grounds of this cemetery. 

The grave stones with a large proportion of the remains of the old Division 
street or Park avenue burying ground were removed to this cemetery in 1873. 

l^einbroke Cemetery is situated in the northeastern part of the city, 
north of Old Mill Green, and bordering on Stillman's Pond. It was chartered in 
October, 1811, and originally contained but one acre of ground, to which 77 rods 
were added in 1844. From 1862 to 1872, the old ground being full, it became 
overgrown with brush, and burials in it ceased. In 1872, the charter of the 
association ivas amended, permission being given to purchase one hundred acres 
of land, to sell the old ground, and to remove the dead to the new inclosure. 
Sixteen acres were accordingly purchased at the above described place, and fitted 
In good style, and the place is fast being filled with monumental stones. 


Park Cetnetery is located in the northern portion of the city territory, 
and was organized in 1878. It contains about 44 acres, and many interments 
have already been made in it. 

Hie Stratfieid Cemetet*y is located in the northwestern part of the 
city, and is described on page 541 of this book. 

Two Catholic Ceinetei*ies are located within the city limits ; one 
between Arctic and Shelton streets in the eastern part of the city, fronting on 
Pembroke Lake, and the other on Grove street — formerly Cook*s lane — in the 
western part of the city. In 1885, another Catholic cemetery was secured and 
the grading of the grounds commenced, in West Stratford. It is extensive and 
very fine in location, and sandy soil. 

27ie Sea^Hde Club was organized at a meeting held at the Sterling House 
on April 30ch, 1884. The following is a copy of the original call for this meeting, 
issued in circular form : 

838 History of Stratford. 

" Bridgeport. Conn., April s6, 1884. 
"/>Mr iSfr'>— Thora has been for a long time an oxpratMd desire among manj 
gentlemen in this city owning and interested in ' Road Driving Hones,' that an 
association he organised and have for its purpose of meeting a suitahle room or 
rooms, where pleasant ' Horse Sense ' may he indulged In and anything 'per- 
taining thereto discussed. To this end the following named gentlemen have 
been invited to meet at the Steriing House parior. on Wednesday. April 90, 1884, 
at 8 o'clock,. P. M., to have an eapression of opinion. As your name appears in 
the list, it is hoped that you have an interest sufficient to l>e present and help 
organise, as a charter roeml>er, what is thought will be a pleasant and most desir- 
able association. Nathaniel Wheeler, Wm. H. Perry, E. G. Bumham, Ciapp 
Spooner, D. M. Read. Francis Ives, Thos. DeForest, Joel Farist, Chas. F. Wood, 
E. R. Ives, Dr. I. DeVer Warner, Col. T. L. Watson, E. C. Bcssick, David Troboab 
D. E. Manh, Elesier Parmly, J. C. Tallman, C. G, Lyon, Fnnk Miller, Edward 
Downs,' Saml. T, Banks, Wm. T. Hubbell. Edwin Banks, Zalmon Goodsell, Chas. 
R. Willett, Frank H. Whiting, W. Minor Smith, Erwin Strickland, Chas. A. Ives, 
Geo. Bnshnell, Henry Setser. Jr., B. F. Lasher, S. T. Gate, O. C. Smith, & M. 
Gate,, Jr., Henry B. Drew, L. W. Besse. Tracey B. Warren. Geo. E. Botsford, 
Chas. Wilson. Alex. Leverty, Chas. F. Williams, and P. J. Naramore. Making a 
total of forty*three names." In response to this call twenty-eight gentlemen were 
in attendance at this meeting and completed the organization with E. R. Ives as 
President, Chas. F. Williams, Treasurer, and P. J. Naramore, Secretary. At a sob* 
sequent meeting Mr. Ives resigned and Mr. Nathaniel Wheeler was elected In his 
place, and Mr. E.G. Burnham ist Vice-Pretident, Francis Ives. ad Vice-President 
The following named gentlemen were chosen as the Executive Committee : E. G. 
Burnham, Francis Ives, D. M. Read. Erwin Strickland. B. F. Lasher, W. R. 
Briggs, E. R. Ives, and the President. Secretary and Treasurer, as meml>era 
tX'Cffiiip, The present rooms in the Bishop building were selected and some 
$8,000 expended in fitting up and furnishing. This money was realized from the 
memberahip fees and yearly dues without any assessment, and was entirely paid 
for the firet year. Every gentleman in the original call became a member, and 
after several meetings had been held, there were so many who expressed a desire 
to become members, and yet were not owners of horses nor particularly interested 
in them, it was voted to drop the word "Driving" and make the club name 
'* The Sea-side Club." and under this cognomen make it a social or business 
men's club. From this. time the membership constantly Increased, and at the 
present time the membership roll is two hundred and eighty. Nothing can speak 
louder in terms of praise for the character and stability of this club than the fact 
that in many cases fathers have proposed their sons for memberehlp into this club 
to become acquainted and associated with sound conservative business men, men 
who represent the large manufacturing and mercantile interests of our city. On 
many occasions the club have extended to out-of-town bodies the use of their 
rooms for meetings, which has been highly appreciated, and these handsome 
rooms have reflected great credit not only upon the club, but upon our city and 
its citizens. The constitution and by-laws of this club are very conservative and 
quite different from those generally governing organizations of this kind. 

The Bridgeport Board of Trade was organized at a meeting of 
citizens in the Mayor's office, January 15, 1875, and the following officers elected : 
Hon. Robert T. Clarke, President ; Nathaniel Wheeler, P. T. Barnum, Jarratt 
Morford, E. V. Hawes and J. D. Alvord, Vice-Presidents ; T. R. Cruttenden, 

Bridgeport. 839 

Secretary ; Thomas L. Watson, Treasurer. The following Directors were also 
elected : Robert T. Clarke, N. Wheeler, J. Morford, E. V. Hawes, B. Soules, M, 
VV. Seymour, D. W. Sherwood, C. B. Hotchkiss, Handford Lyon, P. T. Barnum, 
J. D. Alvord, James Staples, George Mallory, D. M. Read, Wro. H. Noble, 
Frederick Hurd, S. C. Kingman, E. S. Burnham, Charles Hough, E. G. Westcott, 
S. W. Baldwin, R. Kost, Z. Goodsell, G. W. Bacon, W. H. Wessels, S. C. Nicker- 
son, E. Parmly, N. Buckingham, A. C. Hobbs, E. L. Gaylord, R. B. Lacey, N. G. 

The scope and objects of the Board are set forth in the following extract from 
the original articles : 

** It shall be the duty of the Board of Directors to encourage and stimulate in 
every suitable way the business interests of the city. They may appoint com- 
mittees from the members of the association to examine all plans and suggestions 
that may seem important to the general interests of our city, to investigate 
mechanical inventions, and manufacturing and other enterprises, and report to 
the association the value of the same and what steps, if any, may be necessary to 
procure their development and location in our midst. Also to receive applica- 
tions in behalf of meritorious inventions and enterprises and bring them to the 
attention of capital seeking investment." 

At the end of the first year the secretary reported 144 names on the roll of 
membership. The Board was incorporated by act of the Legislature at its May 
session in 1876, which was accepted ; a new code of by-laws adopted and the old 
organization merged into the new one. On due application the Board became 
associated with the National Board of Trade, in which it holds an honorable 
position. The first annual banquet of the Board was held ;it the Sterling House 
February 3, 1876, and these annual gatherings have been a marked feature of this 
successful organization ever since. 

David M. Read, Esq., is serving his eleventh year as President and R. B. 
Lacey his tenth as Secretary. A large share of the real labor of the association 
devolves upon the officers and Mr. James Staples of the executive committee, and 
while a hearty cooperation is rendered by others, a large measure of the efficiency 
attributed to the Board is due to their effprts. In prosecuting its work a map of 
the city, with accompanying descriptions was published, but is now out of print. 
A reduced fac-Simile has been secured for this book, and is herewith inserted. 

JP. T. Barnuin^s Greatest Sliow on EartK has a 

home in Bridgeport, where it quietly rests about five months 
in each year. It is a collection resulting from the skill and 
experience of many years in this line of business, by Messrs. 
P. T. Barnum, J. A. Bailey, J. L. Hutchinson and others, 
as an instructive exhibition of trained animals and human 
beings. In the exhibitions made under one or other of these 
gentlemen during the last forty years there have been 
various specialties presented to the admiration and wonder 

^ The author is indebted to the Courier Printing Company, of Buffalo, N. Y., 
for the use of the full page illustrations, accompanying this article, which they use 
as publishers of " P. T. Barnum's Life, written by Himself." 

840 History of Stratford. 

of the people, but during the last sixteen years the special- 
ties have culminated in one monster or mammoth show 
which defies delineation, and is only approximately repre- 
sented by the unequaled posters seen in large cities a month 
in advance of the progress of the exhibition itself. The 
buildings which provide " Winter Quarters" for the animals 
and carriages during the winter months, cover several acres 
of ground, and, instead of being unsightly and unwelcome, 
are so constructed and kept as to be rather picturesque 
and agreeable, and are welcomed by the people of the city. 
Mr. Barnum and his great show with their world-wide 
reputation, having been portrayed by a million or more 
copies of his book, " Struggles and Triumphs," as well as 
having been seen by tens of millions of people, need no 
eulogy nor publication in this book, but it is equally evident 
that any work purporting to be a history of Bridgeport, 
without a careful review of his life career, would be a mis- 
nomer, and unworthy to be read under such a title. As 
with all the actors on the present stage of life, so with Mr. 
Barnum, he will soon be known only to history, and any 
work of this character on Bridgeport that did not approx- 
imately represent the relations to it of the most celebrated 
man who ever lived in it — if not in America — would be a 
dishonor to its author and the citizens of the celebrated 
Park City. The difficulty of the task of making such a 
representation within the limited space possible, is appre- 
ciated by the present author, not for the want of any moral 
qualities in the subject — those being high above any ques- 
tion whatever — but because of the varied, unusual and 
almost marvelous relations of the subject to this city, as 
well as to the whole world for more than half a century; 
relations made and effected by the most intensely active, 
energetic and successful life, clouded by such mammoth 
financial misfortunes under the highest moral rectitude 
as defy description, and would have crushed, seemingly, 
anybody but P. T. Barnum. His book — the autobiography 
— is well named, giving as it does the actual facts, " Strug- 
gles and Triumphs," but fortunately for him and the world 
it can be emphatically said, in the words of the often repeated 
announcement of a popular vote — the Triumphs ''have it** 



Bridgeport. 84 1 . 

Hon* JP. T. Barnum was born in Bethel, Conn., July 
5, 1810, and named Phineas Taylor Barnum by his mother's 
father, Phineas Taylor. Having passed his boyhood and 
youth, bis start as a showman began in 1835 by the purchase 
and exhibition of Joyce Heth, a colored woman said to have 
been the nurse of Gen. George Washington and 161 years of 
age. His next venture was the exhibition of *' Signor Anto- 
nio" and "a Mr. Roberts." In 1836, he connected himself 
with Aaron Turner's traveling circus, going south, and the 
year following he organized a new company and went west, 
reaching the Missouri river where he purchased a steamer 
and sailed down the river to New Orleans. There he sold 
his steamer for sugar and molasses and arrived at New York 
June 4th, 1838. The year 1840, he spent in the mercantile 
business, selling shoe blacking, and on a minstrel tour 
through the west, returning again to New York in the 
Spring of 1841. That year he bought the American Museum, 
and commenced a series of improvements by way of attrac- 
tive exhibitions. One of these was the model of Niagara 
Falls, illustrated with real water; another was the cele- 
brated mermaid, which in a short time became the topic for 
talk and joke, all over the United States ; another was free 
music by a band at his museum, and the powerful Drum- 
mond Lights, which lighted Broadway as it had never been 
before. He introduced the Lecture Room, a reform of the 
stage or theater. Then were added paintings all over the 
museum and a zoological garden outside of the building. 
When crowds of people gathered on holidays, the cry of 
humbug was started, but this only made the people talk and 
go the more to the museum. Following these, came the 
baby shows, with premiums for the prettiest baby, or the 
fattest, or the most beautiful twins or triplets; and a free 
buffalo hunt in the Jerseys' a good joke for advertising. In 
1843, came the Woolly Horse, a truly curious appearing 
animal but really a horse, followed by the Indians from the 
west, and then the purchase of Peale's Museum, a pretended 
rival institution, having a valuable collection of articles. 

The museum now became almost a mania with Mn 
Barnum. He was constantly searching for and obtaining 

842 History of Stratford, 

something new, amusing or wonderful, and all the exhibi- 
tions .he made were instructive to the people — moral and 
elevating. His methods of bringing his institution constantly 
before the minds of the people and the success thereby 
secured, first impressed the American mind with the advan- 
tages of advertising* His odd or striking, yet appropriate 
names, startled the people and kept them talking about his 
"Mermaid," "Woolly Horse," "Sea Lion," "Tom Thumb," 
and "What is it?" All over the country, the boys who 
never saw Barnum nor a ticket to his museum or show, 
learned these names, and laughed and joked about them, and 
then at the earliest opportunity, went to the show. 

General Tom Thumb was secured for exhibition by 
Mr. Barnum in 1842. His first name was Charles S. Stratton, 
son of Sherwood E. Stratton of Bridgeport. He was very 
small, not two feet in height, weighed less than sixteen 
pounds, perfectly formed, bright-eyed, light haired, with 
ruddy cheeks, possessing the best of health, but exceedingly 
bashful. An engagement was made with his parents, and the 
child with the mother arrived at Mr. Barnum's Museum on 
Thanksgiving day, December 8, 1842, and he was announced 
on the museum bills as "General Tom Thumb." This name, 
like those of all the other specialties of Mr. Barnum, was the 
most fitting and captivating of any that could have been 
chosen. " What is in a name?" A hundred thousand dollars, 
sometimes. Great success attended the exhibition of Tom 
Thumb for nearly two years, and then on January 18, 1844, 
Mr. Barnum sailed with him and his parents for Liverpool, 
where, on arrival, the exhibitions were renewed. They went 
to London and soon to the presence of the Queen at Buck- 
ingham Palace, and afterwards two other visits were made to 
the same place by her royal commands. From London the 
party went to Paris where the General received great atten- 
tion and won golden crowns, in great numbers. He was 
invited to the presence of the Kipg and Queen and the royal 
family, and his visits to King Louis Philippe, of France, were 
repeated twice by invitation. For the first day's exhibition 
to the general public in Paris, Mr. Barnum received 5,500 
francs. The accompanying cut represents General Tom 

Bridgeport. 843 

Thumb in his carriage, occupying, by royal permission, a 
place in the avenue, reserved only for the Court and diplo- 
matic corps, ort a great day of parade. The General's stay 
in Paris was a triumph rather than a success. From that 
place the party traveled through France and Belgium and 
back to England, where the profitable exhibition continued 
until the return to New York in February, 1847. 

The General's father, on returning from England with a 
handsome fortune, placed a portion of it at interest for the 
General, and more for himself, and with thirty thousand dol- 
lars built a substantial dwelling on the corner of North 
avenue and Main street, at Bridgeport, where he resided 
until his decease. 

After returning to America, Mr. Barnum made a tour 
with his little General through the United States and Cuba. 
It was during this tour in 1847-8 that he had his beautiful 
dwelling built at Bridgeport, which he called ** Iranistan " — 
the word signifying " Oriental Villa ;" — and on November 
14, 1848, nearly one thousand invited guests were present at 
an old-fashioned " housewarming.** It stood a little back 
from the northwest corner of the present Fairfield and Iran- 
istan avenues, and some years after it accidentally took fire 
and was consumed. This beautiful and very remarkable 
structure, built in Oriental style, was the first great boom for 
the celebrity of Bridgeport. The picture of it went over the 
country in the illustrated newspapers, as **a thing of beauty," 
a marvel of wonder, and an honor to all America. Mr. 
Barnum says in his book that he did not care to know " how 
much it did cost to build it,'* but as a fact it finally cost him 
nothing, since by it his museum receipts were probably 
enough more than to pay the cost. This picture was cut 
out of the newspapers, framed and hung in the houses, put 
in scrap books, and in many ways preserved and admired by 
the people all over the country. 

The Jenny Lind enterprise was the next great undertak- 
ing of Mr. Barnum. It was conceived by him in October, 

1849, ^^ engagement made with the great singer January 9, 

1850, by which $187,500 were to be deposited by Mr. Barnum 
in advance of all proceedings, and which was done. Miss 

844 History of Stratford. 

Lind arrived in New York September i, 1850, and the first 
concert occurred September 11 following, the proceeds of 
which amounted to $i7,864.oS.* Ninety-three concerts were 
given under Mr. Barnum's contract, terminating in May, 1851, 
the receipts for which amounted to $712,161.34. It was the 
greatest project of the kind ever introduced into America, 
unto that day, and probably to the present, unless it be 
** Barnum*s Greatest Show on Earth ;" and was successfully, 
even grandly carried through. Such was the immense cele- 
brity of the enterprise and the singer that it was Jenny Lind 
everything; — the clothes worn, the food eaten, the sonj^ 
sang, the carriages. the people rode in — everything of any 
particular consequence offered for sale, or elegant at hornet 
had the name Jenny Lind; the only secondary thing in 
America, was P. T. Barnum. 

During this time the American Museum was running 
finely, with Tom Thumb in attendance, and many other 
entertainments added every year. . : 

After fitting out his ''Great Asiatic Caravan, Museum 
and Menagerie," at an expense of over $100,000, and exhibit* 
ing it four years, Mr. Barnum sold the same, excepting one 
elephant, which he brought to Bridgeport and used for 
ploughing on his farm land at this place. This ploughing 
was done precisely on the old Indian field, where the Indiana 
had for scores of years planted their corn before a white 
man's face had been seen by them ; along close to the side of 
the railroad. The elephant, as well as his keeper, in Turkish 
dress, were regularly at work with the plough while the rail- 
road trains were passing, at other times they had occasion to 
rest or tie-up at the barn. Soon this great agricultural enter- 
prise appeared in the papers and went the entire rounds of 
the press in this country and very much in Europe. Hund- 
reds of people came many miles to witness the spectacle, and 
hundreds of letters came, with the questions : ** Is the ele- 
phant a profitable agricultural animal ? How much can he 
plough in a day? How much can he draw? How much 

' The accompanying illustrations-^the portrait of Jenny Lind and her appear- 
ance at Castle Garden — are secured from A. Nichols & Co., of Springfield, Mass., 
the publishers of the work entitled "Our First Century." 

Bridgeport. 845 

does he eat? What is the price of an elephant? Where can 
elephants be purchased?" For a long time, but few persons 
suspected that the ploughing was all done for the American 
Museum on Broadway in New York. 

But the illustrated papers were full of the pictures of 
Barnum's elephant ploughing at Bridgeport, and thousands 
of people became familiar with that representation of this 

In 1851, Mr. Barnum purchased of Mr. William H. Noble 
of Bridgeport, the undivided half of his late father's estate, 
consisting of fifty acres of land lying on the east side of the 
river, opposite the city of Bridgeport. They intended this 
as the nucleus of a new city, which they concluded could 
soon be built, in consequence of the many natural advantages 
it possessed. In view of securing this end a clock company 
in which Mr. Barnum was a stockholder was prevailed upon 
to transfer its establishment from the town of Litchfield to 
this new city. In addition to this it was proposed to transfer 
the entire business of the Jerome Clock Company, of New 
Haven, to East Bridgeport, and for this purpose Mr. Barnum 
lent that company money and notes to the amount of $110,- 
000, with the positive assurance that this would be the 
fartherest extent of the company's call on him, but by pecu- 
liar management by the company they soon had Mr. Barnum 
involved to the amount of over half a million dollars. Then 
they failed, and after absorbing all ol Mr. Barnum's fortune 
they paid but from twelve to fifteen per cent, of the company's 
obligations, while, in the end, they never removed to East 
Bridgeport, although this was the sole reason why Mr. 
Barnum was prompted to lend a dollar to their rotten con- 
cern. Mr. Barnum's extrication of himself from this gulf of 
obligation by paying such a per centage on the whole as 
could be met by the sale of all his property at the time was 
a financial feat of the highest genius, energy and honor. 

Early in 1857, Mr. Barnum again went to Europe, taking 
with him General Tom Thumb, and also little Cordelia 
Howard and her parents, and traveled through England, 
Germany and Holland, experiencing with his little folks a 
most cordial and enthusiastical greeting all the way. Dur- 

846 History of Stratford. 

ing which time he amused himself (!) by remitting money as 
fast as secured, to pay the claims of the creditors of the 
abominable old clock company. 

Not long after his return to New York, another great 
calamity befell him, as also Bridgeport and America, in the 
burning of the marvelously beautiful Iranistan, in December, 
1857, the only building in this peculiar style of architecture of 
any pretensions in America. Many persons, every year, 
some from a great distance, visited Bridgeport to see this 
celebrated building and home of the great showman. Some 
workmen had been repairing it for some weeks, and it was 
supposed to have taken fire from a lighted pipe left in the 
dome of the building. 

Early in 1858, Mr. Barnum returned to England, taking 
Tom Thumb, and with some help to manage the exhibition 
through Scotland and Wales, as well as elsewhere, he devoted 
himself to the *• lecture field," taking for his theme •'The Art 
of Making money," and by it he made money, hand over 
hand, and sent it home to apply on the clock enterprise. In 
1859 1^6 returned to the United States, and pushing on his 
museum found himself in i860 within $20,000 of extinguish- 
ing the last claim from the old clock business. This he pro- 
vided for and resumed the full control of his old museum. 

In i860 he built a new house in Bridgeport on Fairfield 
avenue about one hundred rods west of the site of Iranistan 
which was named Lindencroft, in honor of Jenny Lind, and 
gave his attention anew to the building of his pet city. East 
Bridgeport. This had already made great progress. In 
1856, the Wheeler and Wilson Sewing Machine Company 
had purchased the old clock shop, greatly enlarged it, and 
were employing something like a thousand hands. Churches, 
dwellings, and other manufactories, including that of the Howe 
Sewing Machine Company, had been built and the place had 
become quite a city. It now constitutes a large proportion 
of the city of Bridgeport, and is rapidly growing by the erec- 
tion of elegant dwellings, large churches, and immense manu- 

From i860, to the present time, Mr. Barnum, although en- 
gaged with the New York Museum for years, and since that. 

Bridgeport. 847 

with his great sHow, has not ceased to give much attention and 
energetic effort to the building, prosperity and success of the 
city of Bridgeport, and like others has made money by the 
growth of the city in the increase of the value of property^ 
This growth has not been an accident resulting particularly 
from natural causes, but because Mr. Barnum and many other 
citizens, particularly such men as Nathaniel Wheeler, William 
H. Noble, Elias Howe, Jr., and many others determined, at 
the expense of great effort and much money, to make it grow r 
and more recently this effort has been combined under the 
control of the Bridgeport Board of Trade \Vith very great 
success. The increase of manufacturing enterprises in the 
city since the organization of this Board has been surprising 
to all the people. 

In 1861, Mr. Barnum introduced into his museum Com- 
modore Nutt, a dwarf, of most perfect form and bright intel- 
lect; and in consequence of whom there was another great 
run of visitors at the museum. 

Then in 1862, he secured another dwarf in the person of 
a most perfectly formed, well educated young lady, Miss 
Lavinia Warren. This young lady and the then celebrated 
citizen of Bridgeport, General Tom Thumb, became inter- 
ested in each other — a genuine love-match — and were mar- 
ried in Grace Church, New York City, on February 10, 1863^ 
creating a most remarkable sensation throughout America 
and Europe, and during their lives thereafter the appearances 
were that they were among the happiest of married people 
in the United States. 

General Tom Thumb — or more correctly, Charles S» 
Stratton — was a native of Bridgeport — his ancestors having 
resided within this territory over a hundred years — and after 
his marriage he and his wife continued the exhibition life to 
which they both had been introduced by Mr. Barnum. They 
traveled over the civilized world, were successful in accumu- 
lating money, established a beautiful home in Middleboro, 
Mass., where he died July 15, 1883, in the 46th year of his 
age, and was buried in Bridgeport. His was a remarkable 
life. He became a good business manager ; took care of his 
own money, and was wealthy at his decease. 

348 History of Stratford. 

On the 13th day of July, 1865, the American Museum in 
New York was burned, with great loss; but Mr. Bamum 
built another, which was also burned on March 3, 1868. 
Therefore about a million dollars worth of Mr. Bamum's prop- 
erty in one dwelling and two museums, had been destroyed 
by fire. 

In 1867 he sold his home, Lindencroft, on Fairfield avenue, 
and removed to the locality where he now resides, where, in 
1868 he commenced the erection of his present residence, 
which was completed the next year. This he named Walde- 
mere, the word meaning " Woods-by-the-sea." When he 
purchased this land, it lay adjoining the west end of Seaside 
Park — being a considerable portion of an old farm — and 
extended from Atlantic street to the shore of the Sound. Be- 
lieving as he did then that Seaside Park would be of very 
great advantage to the people of the city, he gave seven 
acres lying in front of his residence, extending to the shore 
and from near the old Division street line to what is now 
Iranistan avenue to the city for enlargement of the park. 
This portion of the park is now largely occupied by the 
" Trotting Course." In 1884, he gave thirty acres more, ex- 
tending the park westward toward Black Rock harbor. The 
park is ornamented conspicuously by his residence, and a 
number of others, on its northern border, and it is also true 
that the residences are ornamented by the park.* 

In the autumn of 1870, Mr. Barnum commenced prepara- 
tion for a great show and enterprise, comprising a museum, 
menagerie, caravan, hippodrome and circus, and to this show 
he has devoted a great proportion of his untiring energies 
since that day, and which he calls "The Greatest Show on 
Earth,'- and in this name as well as many others his genius 
seems to have hit the mark. 

Mr. Bamum's " Show " opens for a few weeks every 
spring in the large Madison Square Garden, in New York, 
and during each summer it visits the principal cities in the 

* It should be stated that, whoever originated the idea of the park, it was Mr. 
Barnum that first moved in the matter to have the work done. He caused the 
article on the subject to be written for the ** Standard" on October i, 1863 ; and 
he gave at first one thousand dollars for beginning the improvements ; and hence 
some statements on page 797 of this book on this subject are erroneous. 

Bridgeport. 84^ 

United States and Canadas, from Quebec and Montreal on 
the East to Omaha in Nebraska, West; exhibiting under im- 
mense tents in one of which can be seated 20,000 persons. It 
consists of a large menagerie of rare wild beasts, a museum 
of human phenomena and living specimens of savage and 
strange tribes and nations, including without regard to cost 
everything rare and marvelous which the wealth, energy and 
perseverance, and half a century's experience as a public 
manager could gather. Much of this is accomplished by his 
agents who traverse nearly every part of the globe ; some- 
times expending as much as $200,000 in a single year. Added 
to this is his reproduction of the ancient Roman Hippodrome 
with its chariot and other races, and various descriptions of 
equestrian and athletic performances, by Japanese, Chinese,. 
Arabs and other nations. 

The " Ethnological Congress " of this show contained the 
greatest collection of different types of strange and savage 
tribes, gathered from the remotest corners of the earth 
ever seen together. Among them were Nubian warriors^ 
Australian Cannibals, Boomerang Casters, fierce Afghans, 
devotional Burmese, Syrians, Aztecs, Malays, Nautch danc- 
ing girls from India, Hottentots, CafTres, Hindoos, Patago- 
nians, Bushmen, high and low caste Indians, Asiatics, dwarfs 
from India, giants from China, Todas people from the Niliqui 
mountains of India, Guatemalians, wild Zulus, Quiche people,. 
Hungarian Gypsies, Sioux Indians, Siamese, Hawaian Island- 
ers, Ceylonese, and a dozen other types, numbering in all 200 
men, women and children, arrayed in the costumes of their 
various countries. Among them were worshipers of Bud- 
dha, of Mahomet, of Joss, of idols, and of the Sun. Some of 
them would eat no meat, others would slay and drink the 
blood of animals and cook the carcass. Still others con« 
sidered roasted snakes, lizards, and dried worms and insects 
the most delicate food. 

The great elephant. Jumbo, purchased by Mr. Barnum 
from the Royal .Zoological Garden in London, being the 
largest land animal seen for centuries, and 40 other African 
and Indian elephants, including two baby elephants, one of 
which was born in Bridgeport, Conn., and named Bridgeport 
— the only elephant ever born in captivity — these and scores 

•850 History of Stratford. 

of trained animals transported on nearly a hundred railway 
-cars belonging to Mr. Barnum, created an expense of $5,000 
to $6,000 each day, and brought in over a. million dollars in a 
single season. 

Mr. Barnum has taken three experienced partners, Messrs. 
W. W. Cole, J. C. Hutchinson and J. E. Cooper. The con- 
tract of copartnership extends to 1899, and arrangements are 
made for its continuance after that tim6 by their successors. 

Another item of Mr. Barnum's business is book making 
and selling. Each year he adds an appendix to his Autobi- 
ography, and sells the books, under the tents to his show pat- 
rons only, at the exact cost — fifty cents — but at the book stores 
it sells for one dollar. It has over 350 pages, 40 full page illus- 
trations, well bound, is printed in editions of 20,000 copies, 
and over a million copies have been sold. It has been printed 
in London, Paris, and Leipzig in Germany. 

Mr. Barnum has been Mayor of Bridgeport, a member.of 
the Legislature four times, president of the Pequonnock 
National Bank of Bridgeport, president of the Bridgeport 
hospital, president of the Bridgeport Water Company, and 
Commissioner of Seaside Park. 

He gave nearly one hundred thousand dollars to Tufts 
College, Mass., with which was erected and stocked ** The 
Barnum Museum " of Natural History. He has been a total 
abstainer from intoxicating drinks for forty years, and from 
tobacco twenty years. Hence he is a very active man, attend- 
ing to a great amount of labor, retaining a marvelous memory 
of the details of his whole business life. Scarcely a fact, or 
joke, or anecdote has escaped ; and all are ready in his mind 
at a moment's call. 

East Bridgeport by Personal Observation, 


Bridgeport, about 1830, was a very aboriginal town, just creeping out of its 
small beginnings, after being cut loose from old Stratford. The old salt works 
and their plant were then visible, and the old pottery works, located south of 
what is now Lumber street, were then in full blast. Tlje saddlery business of 

*^ This history of East Bridgeport is by permission taken from the manuscript 
of General William H. Noble, contributed to the Historical Society, and although 
containing considerable detail in the description is for that reason the more 

Bridgeport. 851 

Lyon and Company and the carriage works of Tomlinson and Company were 
about the only industries in the place of any consequence. All Golden Hill north 
of Golden Hill street was farm land, and the whole territory west of Main street 
and north of Golden Hill street was the same, much of it being wooded land. 
Where Washington avenue now is was a narrow road, running most of the way in 
a ditch. 

When General William H. Noble first became acquainted with Bridgeport he 
came to the place for the purpose of taking passage for New York on the little 
steamboat John Marshall, commanded by Captain Benson, of Fairfield. The size 
of that boat can best be estimated by its inability to cope with the tide at Hurl 
Gate, for when she arrived at Hallett's Point she essayed three times to go out of 
the eddy, but each time as she struck the current was nearly upset by its force, 
and was finally compelled to lay up until the tide had flowed in from the Sound. 
In 1833 General Noble came to reside in Bridgeport with his father, the Rev. 
Birdsey G. Noble, who took, for a private school, the house on Courtland street 
which is now occupied by the Rev. G. B. Day. At that time the only houses in 
that part of the city were the one Just spoken of, the old red house of the Kirtland 
family on the southwest corner of Washington avenue and Courtland street, the 
house on the opposite corner, which was then owned by Isaac Sherman, Sen., 
afterwards the first mayor of the city of Bridgeport, the house now occupied by 
Mr. Horace Nichols, and the front part of the house now occupied by Major Wil- 
liam L. Hubbell, but at that time belonging to Captain E. Rossiter. The street 
now called Courtland street should be called Kirtland street, since it was laid out 
by Samuel C. Kirtland, one of the most enterprising citizens of Bridgeport, who, 
from his personal resemblance, was often taken for the Hon. Daniel Webster. 
The house on this street occupied by the late Russell Tomlinson, was then 
called the Van Polanen place, and was occupied by the widow of a Mr. Van 
Polanen, who had been Belgian or Dutch Consul to this country. The old lady 
was remarkably fond of cats. She subsequently built with Colonel O. B. Hall, 
the house on State street now occupied by the Misses Hunt and David C. Peck, 
Esq. All the space then between Courtland street. State street down as far as the 
residence of Doctor Nash, and Fairfield avenue to within about fifty feet of Broad 
street, was essentially a swamp, and the major part of it was offered some years 
afterward for a very small sum to the city by David B. Nichols for a public square, 
but was not accepted, although such a statement is almost beyond belief at the 
present time. The old brewery, in which much of the enterprise and money of 
Bridgeport was sunk, still stood and was operated by a gentleman named Samuel 
Swan, where now stands the hotel and the block of buildings on Harrison street 
owned by the estate of the late George Keeler. 

The first enterprise in real estate in Bridgeport was commenced about that 
date by Lemuel Coleman, who bought a big stone-walled orchard and meadow 
lying between Pequonnock street, Washington avenue and the residence of the 
Hon. William D. Bishop. He removed the stone wall, built a nice picket fence 
further from the street, making the place desirable for residences. The first house 
on this improvement was built by Jesse Sterling, and is that now occupied by his 
daughter, Mrs. P. C. Calhoun. 

While the Rev. Mr. Noble was occupying the Day place on the hill and 
looking around to find a site for a large private school, he decided on the property 
now known as East Bridgeport, which was then, all the way from Nichols street 

8s 2 History of Stratford, 

to Old Mill, open farm land, with the exception of two dwellings and aome woods. 
From a point on Nichols street, about two hundred feet east of Kossuth street 
there was a high wooded bank, extending up to Sterling street with but one angle 
At about Sterling street it met a line of woods running through Granny's Hollow 
— now occupied by Noble avenue — including Washington Park, and sweeping 
thence below Sterling street, consisting mostly of large, beautiful forest trees. 
From this Granny's Hollow, at about the junction of Sterling street and Noble 
avenue, there ran a high, partially wooded bank, following up the line of the 

The area essentially between Bamum avenue and a line about one hundred 
feet south of Sterling street. East Main street and the hart>or, of about fifly acres» 
belonged, at that time, to William Wright, United States Senator from New Jersey. 
Benjamin Brooks owned about seventeen acres just north of It, and Isaac Keeler, 
an old Revolutionary soldier, a like tract Just north of Mr. Brooks. From thia 
were taken — just north of Maple street — the stone with which was built the old 
Bridgeport bank. Judge Joseph Wood owned about twelve acres near the south* 
west corner of the above described fifty acres. South of this the late Isaac Bur- 
roughs, from whose daughter, Mrs. Catharine Pettengill, the Bridgeport library 
received so munificent a donation, owned about fifteen acres upon the harbor, 
running back to East Main strset, in the locality of the present Burroughs and 
Howe streets. This whole territory was. In 1834, one of the loveliest pieces of 
country that could be found. Its girdle of woodland along the harbor running 
northward to the old Berkshire Bridge, and that of which Washington Park Is a 
part, extending to about Burroughs street, were fine pieces of forest,' furnished 
with all the apparel and undergrowth of such territory. The channel of the 
Pequonnock river washing at high tide as far back as Knowlton street, quietly 
flowed from Noble's bridge around a sharp point much inside of the present 
position of the dock at the elbow of Knowlton street. From the bank above it of 
about twenty feet in height, the slopes of which were covered by a thin growth of 
evergreen and deciduous trees, there was an unobstructed outlook over the 
harbor. Golden Hill, the Sound and the Point, which formed a most charming 
view of land and water. At that lime everything was quiet and still as If It were 
twenty miles from any habitation of man. The channel along this bluff, and 
especially at the elbow below the railroad bridge, was a famous fishing ground. 
North of Cedar street there was no dwelling between that street and Old Mill,, 
except a small cottage now standing on the corner of Pembroke and Hamilton 

About 1835 the Rev. Birdsey G. Noble bought the fifty acres of Senator 
Wright and the year after he applied to the General Assembly for a bridge charter 
across the harbor from this property. It was originally intended to put the bridge 
across where now the Centre bridge stands, but such was the determined opposi> 
lion by the people, kindled by the fear of creating uptown and downtown com- 
munities, like Norwalk and Old Well — now South Norwalk— on a promise of 
aid from the then owners of the property now occupied by the Grannls and 
Hurd lumber company, it was concluded to build the bridge at its present loca> 
tion. The promise of aid was never fulfilled, but Noble's bridge vras built on its 
present site as a toll bridge and so continued for many years. The next year, 
and for a year or two afterwards, an effort was made by the Rev. Mr. Noble and 
his son, William H. Noble, to get a charter for an extension of East Washington 

Bridgeport. • 853 

avenue through nearly on the line of Barnum avenue, to Washington bridge, on 
the Honsatonic river. This effort was bitterly and successfully opposed at every 
trial by the town of Bridgeport, the town of Stratford and the old or lower bridge 
company, that bridge being a toll bridge. This opposition isolated that district 
from commercial connections and no improvement was made upon it until in 1836 
William P. Green, of Norwich, through the agency of his brother abolitionist, Mr. 
Jocelyn, of New Haven, made a purchase of some seventy acres belonging to 
Benjamin Brooks. On this he commenced the improvement that is known as 
Walter and Green streets, building a few small houses. He also built a dwelling 
for his agent. George Walter, whom he placed on the property just north of Arctic 
street on Pembroke. 

After this no improvements were made in East Bridgeport until the death of 
the Rev. B. G. Noble, in 1849, when the above mentioned fifty acres and the bridge 
property came into the hands of William H. Noble as creditor of his father's estate. 
On taking the title of this property he applied to the next Legislature for a foot 
bridge charter, to follow the line of the railroad across the harbor, and after great 
opposition from the town of Bridgeport and the old bridge company, secured the 
same and permission from the railroad company to attach this bridge along the 
line of their track. He built the bridge in 1850. This was the first advance 
towards all the improvements that have taken place in that part of the city of 
Bridgeport. It opened a short and easy route for laborers and those who wanted 
dwellings in any part of that district. Lewis Curtis. All Andrews and others 
owning property on the upper borders of the Yellow Mill Pond at cuce cut their 
fields into streets and building lots and offered them for sale, thus laying the 
foundations for their fortunes. William H. Noble had mapped all his land into 
streets and building lots as they now stand, wiih the exceptions of a few altera- 
tions. A few lots were sold from the map, and among the rest a piece to Carmi 
Hart of nearly an aero, which now forms a part of the triangle between Sterling 
street and Crescent avenue, where he built a foundry for the manufacture of rail- 
road car wheels. This was the first industry established upon that side of the 
harbor, but it was from that time an obstruction to all improvements in that part 
of the town until the foundry was torn down. 

The Hon. P. T. Barnum saw Mr. Noble's advertisements and decided to join 
him in the development of that real estate district. He purchased an undivided 
half of the property, and agreed to furnish the money to buy as much more land 
as might be deemed expedient, he to own three-quarters and Mr. Noble one- 
quarter of all that should be purchased. This bargain occupied about fifteen 
minutes at the Museum in New York, and it was put into writing, occupying 
about half a better sheet, and Mr. Noble came home with about $20,000 in his 
pocket, and with it was purchased eventually nearly the whole area between 
Berkshire road and Sheldon street, Pembroke Lake, Church street and its exten- 
sion, and Burroughs street. A new map of this property was made, Washington 
Park was laid out into its present shape and devoted to public use, the ground 
now occupied by the M. E. Church at the northwest corner of the park was given 
to that society with a donation in money, for a church. At that time sites were 
offered to any denomination that would erect a church, but the above was the only 
one that embraced the offer. Crescent avenue to* the mill-pond and all the other 
streets were graded, trees were planted on all the streets as they now stand 
throughout East Bridgeport ; houses, stores and manufactories were built. In 

854 Histifry of Stratford. 

1852 a charter was obtained for the center bridge, running from the foot of William 
street across the harbor and over the Housatonic rmilroad to where Middle street 
now extends. The bridge — which was a draw bridge with a covered fooc-way, as 
indicated in the accompanying cnt, was built by Messrs. Bamnm and Noble at a 
cost of |i6,ooo, being a toll bridge until bought by the city. 

The first building put up by Bamum and Noble was the coach factory on 
William street, which was recently torn down. It was a very conspicuous object 
on the landscape in its day. The next was a sash and blind factory, the chimney 
of which— the original structure having been burned — is now used by Mr. James 
House in his manufactory. About a dosen houses were located on different parts 
of the property, and all this was done In about a year. Soon after a clock com- 
pany was organised and a building erected for them on ground given by Bamum 
and Noble, on the site where the present eastern building of the Wheeler and 
Wilson company stands. The company not meeting with success, Mr. Bamum 
was induced by fraudulent representations, to replace them by the Jerome Clock 
Company of New Haven, to whom he gave, in his effort to sustain them, his 
endorsements to the amount of $400,000. This, for a time, put an end to Mr. 
Barnum*s improvements in Bridgeport, but soon after the Wheeler and Wilson 
company finding this great empty building, purchased and fitted it for their use. 
From this time dates the great prosperity and growth of Bridgeport. It not only 
brought new business to the toilers of the city, but also a lot of new inhabitants, 
men of vigorous mind and liberal enterprise, and a class of educated, skilled 
mechanics, unequaled anywhere in the country. Through the influence of this 
manufactory upon the fortunes of Bridgeport, the city has been enabled to take 
the lead in all enterprises of an industrial character, and to constantly enlarge 
and multiply the structures occupied by their workers. It brought in such men 
as Nathaniel Wheeler, J. D. Alvord, William H. Perry. George W. Bacon. S. C. 
Kingman, Frederick Hurd, Albert Eames, Isaac Holden and a number bf others, 
later, who have been intimately associated, not only with the Wheeler and Wilson 
industry, but with the enterprise and improvements of Bridgeport, and the advent 
of new industries. They have been a power, pushing Bridgeport Into prominence 
and prosperity and giving it fame throughout the land. 

The entanglement of Mr. Bamum with the Jerome Clock company compelled 
a division of the property held In partnership by him and Gen. Noble, and Mr. 
Bamum's portion was immediately mortgaged to cover his liabilities. His 
struggle to rid himself of this trouble is a memorable financial feat, surpassed by 
few persons in the country. During the time he was accomplishing this Mr. 
Noble continued to work for the advance of East Bridgeport. In one way and 
another two hotels were built ; one which was burned and the Staples House, 
now the Pequounock Hotel, in the place of it. and the brick block opposite to it, 
and many other houses. The crisis of 1857. and the agitations of the public mind 
previous to the war put an end. for the time, to progress in East Bridgeport, except 
that which resulted from the great industry of the Wheeler and Wilson company 
which rapidly increased in every direction. Then Mr. Barnum recovered the 
control of his property, and even during the war of the rebellion there was no 
retrograde tendency. 

Ellas Howe, Jr., was brought to Bridgeport through the Wheeler and Wilson 
company, and before the war. had purchased Mr. Bamum's ** Iranistan.** Full of 
patriotism, he became a soldier in the 17th Conn. — the regiment that was com- 

Bridgeport. 8$$ 

manded by Col. Wm. H. Noble — as long at his weak legs could carry him. When 
be returned he purchased of Mr. Barnum a large tract of what was called the Bur- 
rooghs property, and on it erected the Howe Sewing Machine Factory, and after- 
ward bought additional land of Mr. Noble upon which he erected the present 
main shop, as illustrated on page 737. 

Since the war great additions have been made to the original layout of East 
Bridgeport by the purchase of the town property, where the old Alms House stood 
on William street, by Mr. Barnum ; and of the Stillman, Lathrop and Stewart 
estates by Messrs. N. Wheeier and W. H. Perry, extending the area to the 
Huntington road and Old Mill Green. This had been laid in streets by those 
. proprietors. 

The Old Mill Green — now Pembroke Green — is being constructed into a 
public park including about 20 acres. Noble street has been changed to Noble 
avenue and extended to Beardsley Park. This tract of about 150 acres was 
accepted by the city on the gift of Mr. James W. Beardsley, the title to the whole 
being conditioned upon the outlay of $30,000 upon it by the city within ten years. 
Ao expenditure of about |ia,ooo has already shaped its fields and knolls Into a 
picturesque landscape and is fast becoming one of the famous parks of this 
Park City. 

In addition to the industries already mentioned as located In East Bridgeport, 
there have been est.iblished, the great Union Metallic Cartridge Company, the 
Bridgeport Brass Company, ,the Winchester Arms Company, the Hotchkiss 
Manufacturing Company, and later, the Glover Sanford Sons Hat Company, the 
Silver Steel, now the Farist Steel Works, the Armstrong Factory, and various 
cutlery works and several smaller enterprises, which make East Bridgeport, 
•lone, a great manufacturing city. Then, also, West Stratford, a borough adjoin- 
ing East Bridgeport, is the result of these industries, and will soon become a part 
of the city of Bridgeport. 

About 1870, the old " Point Burying Ground " as it was called— quite an old 
place of burial — made way for the march of Improvements and the relics were 
transferred to the Pembroke Cemetery. This old ground was located between 
Maple and Arctic, and East Main and Pembroke streets. 

The highways, named Barnum and Noble avenues, wore named after the 
original proprietors. Noble avenue has recently been extended to Beardsley 
Park, and Barnum avenue will eventually be extended direct to Washington 
bridge on the Housatonic river. William, Harriet, Clarence, Ogden and Sheldon 
streets were named for General Noble and his family, and Brooks street for the 
General's father-in-law, Benjamin Brooks, who at one time owned nearly all the 
land between Pembroke Lake and Pembroke street, East Washington avenue and 
Sheldon street, which was called by him Cow Park. Caroline, Helen and Pauline 
streets were named for Mr. Barnum's daughters, and Hallet street for their 
mother's maiden name. Sterling street was named for Charles F. Sterling, the 
brother-in-law and law partner of General Noble, a Bridgeport man of marked 
talent and literary ability. Jane street should be Jaynes street as it was named 
after Bishop Jaynes of the M. E. Church, at the wish of a gentlemen who bought 
the first lots on that street. Kossuth street was named in honor of the Hungarian 
patriot, who about that time was in this country. Knowlton street was named in 
honor of Wm. S. Knowlton, the builder of the original and present Center bridge, 
the first railroad foot bridge and the docks now occupied by Messrs. Wheeler and 

8s6 History of Stratford. 

Howes. Walter and Green atreets were named for Mr. Green and his agent, 
George Walter, who established a small colony on those streets. From Mr. 
Walter the Waltenrille district lakes its name. Burroughs and Howe streets were 
named for Isaac Burroughs and Ellas Howe, Jr., the successive proprietors of the 
contiguous land. 

The first church established in East Bridgeport was the old St. Mary's Church, 
in 1853, the wooden structure still standing on Crescent avenue, and now used as 
a parish school. On October 14, 1877, the new St. Mary's, on Pembroke street, 
was dedicated. Next, on September la, 1853, the Washington Park M. E. Church 
was organised, and the edifice built, that year, aided by a donation of the lot and 
$500, from Messrs. Barnuro and Noble. It was rebuilt in 1867, and again in 1883. 
St. Paul's Church was organized at the house of General Noble, June 4, 1858, and 
named by Mrs. Noble. Worship was held for a time in various places, and the 
corner stone of the present edifice was laid October 6, 1868, by Bishop Williams* 
The Park Street Congregational Church was organised January is, x868, and 
held its services in Bethesda chapel until October 17, 1871, when its present 
place of worship was erected. The East Washington avenue Baptist Church was 
organized January 30. 1874, and bought the Bethesda chapel which it has used 
since, for a place of worship. The Advent Christian Church, organized in 1849, 
holds it services in East Bridgeport ; and the West Stratford churches and mis- 
sions owe their existence to the growth of '* New Pasture Point." 

Of the older ponion of New Pasture Point, but little is said here, because its 
settlement antedates that of the town of Bridgeport, and has been particularly 
described heretofore in this book. 

The beauty of this whole region, of old and East Bridgeport, was admirably 
described by Dr. Timothy Dwight. President of Yale College in his ** Travels in 
New England," in 1815. He says : "There is not in the State (of Connecticut) a 
prettier village than the borough of Bridgeport. In the year 1783, there were 
scarcely half a dozen houses in this place. It now contains probably more than 
one hundred, built on both sides of Pughquonnuck river, a beautiful mill stream 
forming at its mouth the harbor of Bridgeport. The situation of this village is 
very handsome, particularly on the eastern side of the river. A more cheerful 
and elegant piece of ground can scarcely be imagined than the point which 
stretches between the Pughquonnuck and the old mill brook, and the prospects 
presented by the harbors at the mouth of these streams, the sound and the sur- 
rounding country are, in a fine season, gay and brilliant, perhaps, without a 

Qeiu WUliatn Henry Nohlef son of the Rev. Birdsey 
Glover and Charlotte (Sanford) Noble, was born in the home- 
stead of his grandfather, John Sanford, Esq., of Newtown, 
Conn., on the i8th of August, 1813. His father was then, 
and for fifteen years after, rector of Christ Church, Middle- 
town, having been graduated at Yale in the class of 1810, and 
studied theology at the General Seminary of the Episcopal 
Church in New York City. On his father's side Wm. H. 
Noble was descended from Thomas Noble of Westfield, Mass., 

Bridgeport. 857 

through John, the pioneer of New Miiford, and seven genera- 
tions of his family lie side by side in the old burial ground in 
the southern part of New Milford ; on his mother's side, from 
the Sanfords of Newtown, descended from the pioneers of 

His early education was completed at the celebrated 
military school of Capt. Alden Partridge, U. S. A., formerly 
a superintendent at West Point, which stood at Middletown, 
Conn., on the grounds now occupied by the Wesleyan Uni- 
versity. There during four years he received general literary 
and scientific instruction with the rudiments of a military 
education. As a boy, with the cadets of this school he carried 
his musket in the ranks of the procession which celebrated in 
New York city the soth Anniversary of American Independ- 

His father having become one of the founders and trus- 
tees of Washington (now Trinity) College, Hartford, he 
entered the freshman class there at the age of 15, remained 
until the springtime of the sophomore year and left to join 
the sophomore class of Yale, from which college he was grad- 
uated in the class of 1832 with honors. After a short interval 
he took the school of the Rev. Ambrose Todd, of Stamford, 
and there remained for a year and a half, an inmate of his 

He came to Bridgeport early in 1834 as a teacher of 
French and Spanish in the School of his father, who occupied 
for that purpose the house on Golden Hill, now owned by 
the Rev. G. B. Day — but very soon entered the law office of 
Judge Joseph Wood as a student, and was admitted to the 
bar of Fairfield county in 1836. In that year he was instru- 
mental in securing the charter of the city of Bridgeport and 
the charter of the Housatonic Railroad Company, and was 
Secretary of that company for a number of years. 

For several years he was Clerk of the Courts in Fairfield 
county, and in 1839 ni^^rried Harriet Jones, daughter of Ben- 
jamin Brooks, Esq., of Bridgeport. In 1846 he was State's 
Attorney for Fairfield county. In 1850 he was nominated by 
the Democratic party for Congress, but his large majority in 
Fairfield county was offset by the adverse vote of Litchfield 

858 History of Stratford. 

At about this date he began the laying-out of East Bridge- 
port, a fuller account of which is given in the history of that 
enterprise in this volume. In this work he was actively em- 
ployed for the next ten years, building, or assisting to build 
houses, hotels and factories, and laying out and grading the 
streets, and setting the trees which line them, .throughout. 
Sharing in the expense of building or repairing all the bridges 
which connect it with the city proper — and aiding with 
money, or land, or influence, the first churches which estab- 
lished themselves there. He purchased and rebuilt the old 
Bridgeport Bridge, erecting the first covered foot-way on 
the same, and built, at his own expense, the first railroad foot- 
bridge in 1851. In 1852, with Hon. P. T. Barnum he dedi- 
cated Washington Park to public use. 

During this period in 1853 ^^ purchased the charter of the 
Bridgeport Water Company in behalf of Nathaniel Greene 
and his associates, who carried out the undertaking. This 
enterprise, becoming complicated with Mr. Greene's other 
affairs, fell into the hands of its bond-holders, for whom in 
1857 Mr. Noble obtained a grant of incorporation under the 
name of the Bridgeport Hydraulic Company, under which 
charter the water supply of the city is now procured. He 
was a commissioner of both companies and sanctioned their 
bonds issued. 

In 1856 he was instrumental, with Francis Ives, Esq., in 
disentangling the affairs of the Jerome Clock Company and 
Mr. Barnum, to admit of the Wheeler and Wilson Manufac- 
turing Company getting possession of, and title to, the prop- 
erty of the Clock Company, and their subsequent removal 
from Watertown to Bridgeport. The effort was resisted 
through the timidity of those who had interest in the Clock 
Company's property, and who were, only after the greatest 
difficulty, convinced that their own interests and the interests 
of the public were all concerned in risking a great deal to bring 
the greater industry to Bridgeport. 

In i860, as a Douglas Democrat, he took a prominent 
part in the organization of the Union Party in Connecticut, 
the election of Gov. Buckingham, and the support of all war 
measures. In 1862, at the recommendation of the principal 

Bridgeport. 859 

loyal men of Fairfield county, he was commissioned by Gov. 
Buckingham as Colonel of the 17th Conn. Vols. Gov. Buck- 
ingham was persuaded to allow it to be distinctively a Fair- 
field county regiment, and to rendezvous at Bridgeport, 
where it occupied the grounds now constituting the promi- 
nent and main portion of Seaside Park, which was called 
Camp Aiken, after Gen. Wm. A. Aiken, then Quartermaster- 
General of the State. 

Colonel Noble received his commission on the 22d of 
July, 1862. Within thirty days a thousand men were ready 
for the front. They were mustered into the United States 
service on the 28th of August and left for the front on the 3d 
of September, with directions to report to General Wool at 
Baltimore for further orders. This period was that, follow- 
ing the second Bull Run disaster, when Lee was threaten- 
ing the communications with Washington. Colonel Noble's 
regiment was therefore detained and put into Fort Marshall, 
defenses of Baltimore. About the 15th of October they were 
sent to Fort Kearney, defenses of Washington, and on the Sth 
of November ordered into the field at Gainesville, Va., with 
Sigel's Corps, with which in December they were sent as a 
reserve to support Burnside at Fredericksburg. During the 
winter the regiment was severely taxed by marches and 
counter-marches, but finally settled down into winter quar- 
ters at Brooks* Station, Va., until the Chancellorsville cam- 

At the battle of Chancellorsville Colonel Noble's regi- 
ment, with the rest of the corps under General O. O. Howard, 
formed the extreme right wing of the army under General 
Hooker, in the baitle of May 2d, 1863. The resolution with 
which they withstood the terrible onslaught of Stonewall 
Jackson on that day has gone into history ; Horace Greeley, 
in his "American Conflict," mentions their brave and hope- 
less rally in the face of defeat and retreat all about them. 
Just after this rally Colonel Noble was wounded, having the 
main artery of his left arm cut ofT by a minie ball, being 
struck on the left knee by a fragment of shell, and having his 
horse shot under him. He was led tainting from the field ; 
the fortunate clogging of the artery prevented his bleeding 

86o History of Stratford. 

to death, but circulation having stopped in the lower arm he 
only saved his arm from immediate amputation, at the field 
hospital where he was taken, by insisting upon waiting to see 
Surgeon Robert Hubbard of his. own regiment. Surgeon 
Hubbard found a slight pulse, said the arm could be saved 
but ordered him immediately to Washington, whence he re- 
ceived a furlough home for twenty days. At the end of this 
time, not having recovered sufficiently to go into the field, 
his furlough was extended for a like term. About five days 
before its termination, hearing of the threatened invasion 
of Lee which terminated at Gettysburg, he reported at 
Washington for directions to reach his regiment; none could 
be given and he was ordered to report daily for instructions, 
which he did for some ten days before any direction was 
given by which he might reach his command, such was the 
ignorance at Washington concerning the relative position of 
the two armies. Having procured a horse to replace that 
killed at Chancellorsville, through an order of Quartermaster- 
General Meigs, and the wagon train which he anticipated 
joining having been captured just out of Washington, he was 
finally directed by the authorities there to report to General 
Schenck, at Baltimore, for instructions as to his chances of 
reaching the army. On reporting to General Schenck, who 
knew, apparently, as little of the exact position of the two 
armies as was known at Washington, he was directed to take 
train for Westminster the next morning. The train was two 
days reaching Westminster, only twenty-two miles, so block- 
aded was the railroad with the transportation of government 
stores. On the way the officers who were striving to reach 
their commands found that the battle had commenced, for by 
putting their ears to the ground or rock the thud of a heavy 
cannonading was heard. At Westminster Colonel Noble 
started on his ride to Gettysburg with General Hayes, of the 
brigade in which was the fourteenth Connecticut, Captain, 
afterwards General, Graham, of the artillery, and an assistant 
surgeon of the 144th N. Y. They rode most of the day to the 
sound of cannon and reached the battle-field about five o'clock 
in the afternoon. On arrival Colonel Noble found himself in 
command of the brigade. General Adelbert Ames having 

Bridgeport. 86i 

taken command of the division in place of General Francis 
Barlow, severely wounded. Lieutenant-Colonel Fowler, of 
his regiment, had been killed, Major Brady wounded and 
many of its rank and file .killed, wounded or captured, but a 
brave remnant remained guarding the declivity of Cemetery 
Hill. The battle was then nearing its close, there being only 
one severe engagement that night. Early the next morning 
the brigade commanded by Colonel Noble was advanced into 
the town of Gettysburg to clear out the enemy's sharp- 
shooters and was afterwards stationed at the foot of Cemetery 
Hill until the commencement of the march after Lee, which 
was continued into Virginia. 

At Catlett's station Colonel Noble's regiment with the 
rest of the brigade was ordered to South Carolina to reinforce 
the troops under General Gilmore at the siege of Charleston 
and Wagner, and took transport for Folly Island, S. C, in 
August, 1863. On the day of his arrival Colonel Noble was 
ordered to take command of a thousand men in the trenches 
before Wagner, while his regiment, with the rest of the 
brigade, immediately went into camp on Folly Island as a 
reserve force in case of a sally from, Wagner upon the siege 
approaches. Colonel Noble, in command of his regiment or 
other forces, was several times in the trenches during the 
siege and found his duty, under fire night and day, the most 
trying of his military life. 

He volunteered, with the other colonels of Ames* brigade^ 
to make a night assault upon Fort Sumter, which was never 
ordered because the navy claimed the honor of making the 
attack as their right. An account of this is given in General 
George H. Gordon's War Diary. 

After the fall of Fort Wagner the regiment was ordered 
to Florida and stationed first at Jacksonville, where Colonel 
Noble commanded a brigade, and was then sent to relieve the 
loth Connecticut, at St. Augustine, which post the regiment 
held during its after service, garrisoning the town and the 
old Spanish fort of San Marco. 

In Florida Colonel Noble was placed in command of the 
district comprising all of Florida east of the St. John's River^ 
with headquarters at St. Augustine. While occupying this 

862 ^ History of Stratford. 

position he was in command of brigades in various raids in 
difierent parts of Florida, breaking up Confederate recruiting 
stations and drilling camps, and on various expeditions under 
Oenerals Birney, Gordon, Hatch, and others. On December 
24, 1864, he was captured by rebel guerillas while crossing to 
St. Augustine from Jacksonville, where he had been sum- 
moned as a witness on a court martial, and although every 
effort was made by the forces in East Florida to recapture 
him, he was taken first to Tallahassee, imprisoned for a while at 
Macon, Ga., and about the middle of February sent to Ander- 
sonville and confined in the officers' prison. They were 
making every eflfort to effect their escape when the order for 
a general exchange of prisoners brought about their release 
about the middle of April. 

Colonel Noble came out with a thousand men fresh from 
the horrors of the prison pen of Anderson vi lie. They went 
first to Vicksburg, whence he was ordered east in charge of a 
thousand of the released Union troops to Annapolis, Md., in 
June, 1865, and was about that time, by recommendation of 
General Grant, commissioned by Congress as brigadier- 
general by brevet. He then returned to Florida to look after 
his ordnance account, and was mustered out of service with 
his regiment on the 19th of July, 1865, at Hilton Head, S. C. 
Thus closed the service of a regiment in whose field, staff and 
line, or in whose ranks were many of Bridgeport's most 
honored citizens and of which the Adjutant General of Con- 
necticut in his final report says: *' the superior of which in 
intelligence, morale, courage and endurance was not found in 
the army.** 

Every year since its service one or another town of 
Fairfield County has entertained its veterans at their annual 
reunions, and in 1884 the regiment erected at Gettysburg a 
memorial tablet to those of its number who fell in that battle. 
As chairman of its executive committee General Noble re- 
ceived the monument and submitted it to the care of the 
Gettysburg Memorial Association, through the vice-president. 
Judge D. A. Buchler, in the presence of a large concourse of 
people who had assembled on Barlow's Knoll to witness the 
unveiling of the monument. 

Bridgeport. 863 

Since the war, although much reduced in health by his 
three years of hard service, General Noble has followed his 
profession and filled various public trusts. Has been an 
alderman or common councilman of the city at various peri- 
ods, chairman of the board of park commissioners for many 
years, and member of the Legislature in 1884, in which he 
was chairman of the military committee of the House and one 
of the committee of the ceremonies at the unveiling of the 
statue of Governor Buckingham in the Capitol. In the midst 
of a busy life he has found time to devote a great deal of 
attention to horticulture and fruit-growing, having, probably, 
the largest variety of pears in the State. At the request of 
the State Pomologist he exhibited specimens of his fruit in 
the Connecticut collection at the Centennial Exposition at 
Philadelphia, and in the New Orleans Exposition of 1884-85. 

Mev. Ethan Ferris Bishop, son of Alfred and Mary 
{Ferris) Bishop, was born in Madison, N. J., March 27, 1825, 
and died in Bridgeport, Conn., December 7, 1883. He entered 
Yale College in 1845 i" ^^e same class with his brother, now 
the Hon. William D. Bishop, who was some years his junior; 
but soon relinquished study on account of impaired sight, 
caused by an accident in his early youth. He acted with his 
brother in closing the accounts relating to the New York and 
New Haven, the Naugatuck, and the Washington and Sara- 
toga Railroads, with which their father had been connected. 
Ethan Ferris Bishop was president of the Naugatuck Rail- 
road from 185 1 to 1855, when he resigned and became inter- 
ested in Western railroads, chiefly the Milwaukee and Chi- 
cago, Milwaukee and Watertown. and the Dubuque and 
Sioux City. At first Hon. William D. Bishop was associated 
with him in these enterprises, but taking a wide interest in 
politics he withdrew and became representative of his district 
in the National Congress, then Commissioner of Patents, 
while still quite young; was president of the Naugatuck 
railroad for some time and president of the New York, New 
Haven and Hartford Consolidated road, being quite distin- 
guished in business and political circles. 

Ethan Ferris Bishop was admitted to the Connecticut bar 
in 1851, but never practiced that profession. He then pur- 

864 History of Stratford. 

sued the study of theology, for which he had a natural apti- 
tude. Although of Presbyterian parentage he was advanced 
in his ideas of churchmanship and showed the bent of his mind 
in this direction as early as 1843 or 4, when eighteen years of 
age, he then being a member of the Bridgeport Lyceum, took 
part in a discussion of Catholicity against Protestantism, on 
the side of Catholicity, with such earnestness as to leave no 
doubt in the minds of the audience — made up partly of ladies, 
who were admitted at that time — what his true opinions were. 
Among the speakers who took the side of Protestantism were 
the Rev. Bronson B. Beardsley, of Bridgeport, and Hon. 
Henry B. Graves, of Litchfield, Conn. 

Mr. E. F. Bishop was president of the Naugatuck railroad 
at the time of his death and had just resigned that of the 
Bridgeport Steamboat Company, which he had held for many 
years. He was a member of Hamilton Commandery, St. 
John's Lodge of F. and A. M., Jerusalem Council and Jerusa- 
lem Chapter, R. A. M. 

JRev. Natlianiel JSauton, an apprentice to Stiles Nich- 
ols, a printer of Bridgeport. He was converted under the 
labors of Mr. Peter Lock wood, then a student at Yale. 
Through the efforts of Mr. Lockwood and his father, Lambert 
Lockwood, the time of Mr. Bouton was bought of his em- 
ployer and he, by the help of friends and great perseverance^ 
fitted for college. During vacations he, like Mr. P. Lockwood, 
engaged in holding meetings and .aiding ministers in the 
neighboring towns. ** Upon leaving the theological seminary 
he accepted a call to the first church of Concord, N. H., and 
continued the faithful and beloved pastor of that church for 
forty-two years. His influence was widely spread and his 
labors abundantly blessed, and it may be said that the Rev. 
J. P. Gulliver, D.D., ascribes his conversion to a sermon of 
Dr. Bouton's, preached from the text, * Choose ye this day 
whom ye will serve.* ** This sermon was known by Dr. Bou- 
ton to have been the direct means of the conversion of no 
less than eighty-three persons." 

Captain John Brooks, of Bridgeport, was induced to 
attend the meetings held by Peter Lockwood, a student in 

' " Memorial of Rev. Peter Lockwood, ar. 

Bridgeport. 865 

theology, by which his life was changed and he became a 
different man, zealous for the interests of the church. He 
was firm and resolute in his adherence to evangelical doc- 
trines, giving liberally of his increasing wealth, and in the 
latter part of his life he aided much in building a church in a 
new part of the city of Bridgeport. Upon this building being 
destroyed by fire he rebuilt it largely at his own expense." 

Major FredetHck Frye was the son of Daniel M. 
Frye, Esq., of New York City, grandson of Capt. Frederick 
Frye and great-grandson of Colonel James Frye of Andover, 
Mass., who died from wounds received at the battle of 
Bunker Hill ; and he was thus the last of a race of citizen 
soldiers Who had taken active and honorable part in the wars 
of the last century and a half in this country. At the break- 
ing out of the late war Major Frye was practicing law in 
Bridgeport in company with General W. H. Noble. He 
immediately enlisted, serving as a Captain in the Third Con- 
necticut Volunteers through the first campaign and after- 
wards raised a company for the Ninth regiment with which 
he served as Captain and Major. He served with honor 
through the war and at its close settled in New Orleans 
where he resumed the practice of the law, being at one time 
Justice of the Sixth District of that city. Failing health at 
length compelled him to abandon the profession, and he took 
a clerkship in the Custom House, which he filled at the time 
of his death, June 22d, 1881. Major Frye was graduated at 
Columbia college. New York, was a man of culture and 
attainments, of manly character and genial disposition and 
was greatly beloved by his many friends. He was a member 
of the Society of the Cincinnati and preserved unsullied the 
enviable record of his ancestors.*' He married Matilda, daugh- 

'* Memorial of Rev. Peter Lock wood, aa. 

'* The following article from the Bridgeport "Standard" of April 30th, 1861, 
gives an account of an affair in which Major Frye was an important actor: 

One of the most interesting occasions which we have ever known in Bridge- 
port, occurred last evening at Washington Hall. Company D, 3d Regiment, 
Conn. Volunteers, were marched into the crowded hall at T% o'clock, and a 
public presentation took place of the following articles from the ladies of Bridge- 
port : A sword and belt and pair of epaulets to Captain Frye, and Lieutenant's 
epaulets to the two Lieutenants of the Company— from Samuel Baldwin, Esq., a 

866 History of Stratford. 

ter of the late Benjamin Brooks of Bridgeport, who survived 
him, with two daughters, Mrs. George C. Waldo of Bridge- 
port, and Mrs. J. W. Hillman of Hope Villa, Louisiana. He 
was fifty-seven years of age at the time of his death. Major 
Frye left no brother but he had three sisters, Mrs. J. E. Rock- 
well of Staten Island, Mrs. Geo. K. Sistare of New York 
City, and Mrs. Hanford Lyon of Bridgeport. 

The Ancient Commissions granted to James Frye'* under 
George the 2d and George the 3d, by Phipps, Shirley and 

revolver to Captain Frye. A revolver was alto presented to Orderly Sergeant 
Doane and some other articles to other members of the Company. The presen- 
tation address was made by H. T. Blake, Esq., and Captain Frye and his officers 
happily responded, after which Rev. Mr. Thompson addressed the Volunteers in 
some appropriate and eloquent remarks. Captain Frye who leaves a large and 
excellent law practice in this ciiy, and a most interesting family, in order to serve 
his country, comes of a gallant and distinguished lineage, his ancestors for five 
generations back having served as officers In the various wars of our country's 

In 1698, James Frye served as Captain in the Massachusetts troops against 
the Indians. In 1744, his son, James Frye, was present as a Lieutenant from. 
Massachusetts at the capture of Loulsburg, and was afterwards Colonel in the 
"Old French Wars." An original draft of the terms of the capitulation of Louis- 
burg is still in the possession of the family. In 1775, kit son, James Frye, was 
present as Colonel at the battle of Bunker Hill, and with him there was his scm, 
Frederick Frye (then 18 years of age), who afterwards received a Lieutenant's 
commission in the Revolutionary Army. The latter was In command at Gover- 
nor's Island during the War of iSia, and his son, Daniel M. Frye, father of the 
present Captain Frye, served as captain In the same war. We had the pleasure of 
examining last evening the original commissions that were Issued to these gallant 
men bearing the autographs of Wm. Stoughton, Wm. Shirley. John Hancock, 
Joseph Warren, Geo. Washington and others. We were also shown the badge 
and certificate of the Order of Cincinnati, received by Lieutenant Frye in 1784, and 
of which order Captain Frye is at present a member. This certificate is signed by 
Geo. Washington, who was president of the society at the time it was issued. 
One of the epaulets worn by Colonel Frye at the battle of Bunker Hill was also 
exhibited. Captain Ffye has raised his company by his own exertions, and left 
with them this morning for Hartford. He Is followed by the warm regards of a 
host of friends, and from our own knowledge of his many noble and manly qual- 
ities, we feel assured that he will approve himself a worthy representative of his 
illustrious ancestry. 

1^ The Salem, Mass., *' Gazette," In an issue during 187s makes the following 
allusion to the Frye family : 

Colonel James Frye, — One of Ike Heroes of Bunker Hill, 
Among the notices which have been made of the recent celebration in Boston, 
the name of Colonel Frye is simply given, while many who bore a far less impor- 

Bridgeport. 867 

Harrison Gray, his commission as Colonel of Continental 
Troops, signed by Joseph Warren just before the battle of 
Bunker Hill, and .another signed by John Hancock the week 
after the battle, the epaulet worn at the battle by Colonel 
Frye, the draft of the capitulation of Louisburg, the certifi- 
cate of membership in the Order of the Cincinnati signed by 
Washington and Knox, Major Frederick Frye's service sword^ 
the sword presented to him by the ladies of Bridgeport, as 
related below, his commissions in the Federal army, etc., etc.^ 
are, with many other family documents and relics, in posses- 
sion of George C. Waldo, of Bridgeport, son-in-law of Major 

Bion. JEpaphrcts Bwi^r GoodseU was born in Brook- 
field, Conn., near the close of the year 1817, and his early 
education was obtained in the schools of that town. At the 
age of thirteen he left home to make his own way in the 

tant part in the first great battle of the Revolution have been made the subject of 
special and extended notice. 

In Alden Bradford's account of the battle of Bunker Hill, referring to the oflS- 
oert who particularly distinguished themselves by their activity, zeal and courage, 
he says: *'We may justly name General Israel Putnam, Colonel William Pres- 
cott, Ebenezer Bridge, James Frye, and Moses Little," etc. Why the name of 
Colonel Frye should have been wholly omitted in the historical notices and 
orations of the present celebration can only be accounted for by the fact that non& 
of his family are now around Boston to call attention to his history. 

He was the fourth in his line who had held office and done service in the old 
Continental armies during the French and Indian wars. His ancestors had settled 
in New England early in the 17th century and the family lived in Salem and after- 
wards In Andover, where was a famous elm which stood near the mansion^ 
long known as the Frye tree. When the war of the Revolution began. Colonel 
Frye at once placed himself and his soldiers at the service of his country, and was 
called into action at the battle of Bunker Hill. Here he received a wound which 
resulted in his death about three months after. But although his career was thus 
early terminated his name and family continued to be represented in the army. 
On the night before the battle, his son, Frederick Frye, then a mere youth, accom- 
pinled him to the field as a volunteer, and for his bravery was shortly after pro- 
moted to a captaincy, in which capacity he served during the war. Captain Frye 
afterwards had command at Governor's Island in New York harbor, and at Fort 
Mifflin. He died in the city of New York at the residence of his son, D. M. Frye» 
Esq., about the year 1830. His grandson, Frederick Frye, named after him, 
enlisted in the army at the first call for volunteers during the late civil war, served 
as captain in the battle of Bull Run, and during the rest of the war was major of 
the 9th Connecticut regiment. He was the sixth in bis line who had been in the 

^68. History of Stratford. 

world. He became a merchant and was a manufacturer of 
iron furnaces, in the town of Kent, was interested in the fur- 
nace at Bull's Bridge, and at one time was postmaster. About 
1848 he came to Bridgeport and soon his interest in public 
affairs brought him prominently forward as a politician, and 
he was appointed in 1852 postmaster of this city by President 
Franklin Pierce, serving four years, and again in 1856 by 
President Buchanan, holding the office until the accession of 
President Lincoln — eight years in all. He was popular and 
efficient, and his office was excellently conducted. He was 
mayor of the city in 1871-72-73, and filled many minor city 
offices. He was one of the founders of Trinity Episcopal 
Church, was long a Vestryman, and at the time of his death 
was its Junior Warden. Mr. Goodsell died October loth, 
1884, at Brookfield Center, in the house in which he was 
born. Through life he had manifested a strong attachment 
for his birthplace, and seemed happiest while among the 
objects which brought to his mind memories of it. In matur- 
ity this feeling grew stronger and he decided to improve and 
embellish the place, which he did, afterwards repairing there 
<each successive season. It became known as the Goodsell 
House, and many a city-seeker for pleasure has been charmed 
by its situation and natural beauties. 

Mr. Goodsell was a man of genial temperament, kind, 
considerate and hospitable, and possessed a host of friends. 
He had seen Bridgeport grow from a little village to a large 
city and had taken an active and honorable part in its develop- 
ment. A self-made man, working up from small beginnings 
and limited opportunities, he secured the respect and esteem 
of his fellow-citizens and was honored for his excellent char- 
acter as a man, his fidelity in every public trust, and his con- 
sistent illustration of the faith which he professed. His family 
consisted of his wife, four sons, Zalmon, Granville W., Perry 
S. and E. B. Goodsell, Jr., and one daughter, Mrs. Samuel S. 
Banks, all of Bridgeport." 

>* The Goodsell family,— Vi, B. Lacey, Esq., President of the Fairfield County 
Historical Society, furnishes the following record of the family of the Hon. E. B. 
Ooodsell : Epaphras Burr Goodsell was fifth in descent from the first or original 
settler of the Goodsell name in this country, from whom a very numerous and 
worthy family has descended. Thomas Goodsell, of Wales, emigrated from Liver- 

Bridgeport. 868« 

Hohert Hvhhardf M.D., was born in upper Middle- 
town, now the town of Cromwell, Conn., April 27, 1826, being 
the son of Jeremiah and Elizabeth Hubbard. His father was 
a sea captain for many years in the West India trade; but 
finally left the sea and gave his whole time to the cultiva- 
tion of his farm. He was descended from a prominent line 
of the Hubbard family which came to Boston about 1634, and 
afterwards removed to the vicinity of Hartford or Middle- 
town. Thj mother of Robert Hubbard was Elizabeth 
Roberts, whose father was a farmer of Middletown, Conn., 
and whose land possessions included the beautiful site now 
occupied by the Connecticut Hospital for the Insane. 

Robert Hubbard was reared on the farm, attending public 
school winters, as was the custom at the time, until he was 
seventeen years of age, when he entered the academy at 
Cromwell, Conn., Mr. Jared O. Knapp — afterwards a clergy- 
man — being principal, and whose special favor was of great 
value to the young student, who gave every energy to the 
improvement of his opportunities for education, during the 
two succeeding years, employing his vacations on the farm 
and in other ways to replenish the continued depleted treasury. 
At the end of three years he had prepared himself, and 
entered Yale College in 1846. At the end of the Freshman 
year he was offered the position of principal in the Durham 
Academy, which he accepted intending to return to college 
after securing funds for that purpose. During the first year 
in the academy he continued his college studies, but was then 
induced by Doct. Benjamin Fowler to enter upon a course of 
medical study, and at the end of the second year in the 
academy he entered Doctor Fowler's office as a medical stu- 
dent. From the first he manifested peculiar aptness in this 
study, and hence success in it was no difficult attainment. 
At the end of one year with Doctor Fowler, he removed to 
New Haven and entered the office of Doct. Nathan B. Ives, 
where he continued his studies, and also attended Medical 
lectures at Yale College, where he was graduated in 1851, as 
Valedictorian of his class. 

In the autumn of 185 1 he settled in Bridgeport as a physi- 
cian and hung his sign in the shutter of a drug store in Wall 

868* History of Stratford. 

street and boarded with Capt Hinman, then proprietor ot 
the City Hotel. He rapidly secured friends and an established 
practice and in May, 1854, formed a co-partnership* with Doct. 
David H. Nash, which continued successfully for seventeen 
years. On April 25, 1855, he married Cornelia Boardman, 
youngest daughter of Sherman and Sophia Hartwell, and 
they have one son and two daughters, all residents of Bridge- 

In 1861, upon recommendation of the State Medical 
Society, he was appointed by Governor Buckingham one ot 
the eight Medical Examiners of Surgeons and assistant Sur- 
geons for regiments raised in this State. In 1862 he was 
commissioned Surgeon of the 17th Regiment, Conn. Volunteer 
Infantry. After a few months service in this capacity he was 
promoted to be Surgeon of brigade under General Howard 
and shortly before the battle of Chancellorsville was pro- 
moted to be Surgeon of General Devon's division. For 
meritorious conduct at Chancellorsville he was again pro- 
moted to Medical Inspector — assistant medical director — on 
his staif. At the battle of Gettysburg he served as Medical 
Director in charge of the nth corps, after which he joined 
his regiment at Collett's Station, Va. When the nth corps 
was ordered to Lookout Mountain he again served as its 
Medical Director under General Hooker and in that capacity 
took part in the battles of Lookout Mountain, Missionary 
Ridge and Ringold. Shortly after this campaign he was 
forced, on account of ill health, to resign his commission and 
return to his practice at Bridgeport. In 1870 a severe attack 
of sciatica impelled him to spend some months in Germany. 
In 1871, his' wife, Mrs. Hubbard, died, and the same year his 
partnership with Doctor Nash was dissolved. In 1874 and 
also in 1876 he represented the city of Bridgeport in the 
General Assembly, and twice he was nominated on the repub- 
lican ticket for the 4th Congressional district. In 1879 he was 
elected president of the Connecticut Medical Society. In 
1883, he spent the summer in European travel, and again in 
1885 he went abroad for a short time. Doctor Hubbard, 
notwithstanding his thirty-five years of constant labor in his 
profession is still engaged in active labor as a physician. 

C.,:^^^, ^^^^^ 

Bridgeport, 869 

WiUiani B. HaU, son of Wm. Stewart Hall, for- 
merly of Wallingford, is a native of Springfield, Mass. He 
began his mercantile life as clerk in the store of T. P. Chap- 
man of New Haven, on the 15th day of July, 1846, which 
gives him just forty years of experience in business life. Mr. 
T. P. Chapman's wife was the daughter of Sherman Hart- 
well, of Bridgeport, and hence began Mr. Hall's acquaint- 
ance in this city, to which he came after serving four years at 

pool, Eng., to this country about 1678. His name first appears in the records of 
Branford»or East Haven, Conn., 1679. In 1705 he was taxed on ;Ci28 estate. In 
1708-9 on ;Ci57 — the highest on the list of that town. He was a prominent and 
influential man. In 1679, at the age of ihirty-three years, he married Sarah 
Hemingway. Tlieir sons were Samuel, born 1685 ; Rev. Thomas, born 1702, and 
Rev. John, born December 21, 1705. John was educated at Yale College, mar- 
ried in 1724 Mary Lewis, of Stratford (Old Mill) and was settled as the first 
minister of the Church of Christ on Greenfield Hill (Fairfield) at its organization 
in May, 1726. This was his only settlement. His ashes repose in the Greenfield 
Cemetery under the slab with this simple inscription : 

" Here lies buried the body 

of the Rev. Mr. 

John Goodsell, 
who departed this life 
December 26th, 1763, 

Aged 57 years." 

Rev. John and Mary (Lewis) Goodsell had ten children, of whom Epaphras 

was the ^/M, or of the sons the sico»td. He married Burr and had six 

children, three of whom were sons and of whom Zalmon was the youngest. 
2^1mon married Eliza Cornwall, of Brookfield, Conn., where he spent most of his 
life and raised a family of two sons and five daughters. Hon. £. B. Goodsell was 
the second son of Zalmon and was born in 181 7, as has been stated, in the same 
houto in which he died. 

Cnptniii William Goodsell of Bridgeport was an older brother of Zalmon. 
He was in the butchering business here in the early part of this century and the pio- 
neer in that line. He lived on Main street where Congress street enters it. His 
slaughter house stood on the bank in the rear of the present C. W. Fox property 
extending over tide water supported by high posts. In later years we have heard 
a great deal about Captain Goodsell's '* old slaughter house yard " in the contro- 
versies of Mr. Benjamin Ray vs. others as to title of land in that vicinity. 

Captain William Goodsell married Prudence Nichols. They had sons — Burr 
(born 1803), George of New Haven. Conn., William and Henry — and daughters. 

Jane married Nathaniel Paddock Crosby. 

Elizabeth married William H. Bissett. 

Maria married Starr Sherwood. 

None survive except Burr, the oldest, who now resides in Hartford. 

Burr Goodsell and Pad. Crosby were famous saddlers in the palmy days of 
that industry, and William H. Bissett a well known harness maker. 


870 History of Stratford. 


New Haven. He engaged in the employ of Messrs. E» 
Birdsey and Company of Bridgeport, dry goods merchants^, 
where he remained seven years, and then formed a partner- 
ship with Mr. David M. Read under the name of Hall and 
Read, which continued twenty years, and was then dissolved 
in 1877. 

In 1878 Mr.. Hall had erected, fitted and arranged spe- 
cially for his business, the building where he is now located, 
under the firm name of W. B. Hall and Company, corner 
of Main and Cannon streets, and although ample at first 
he has had it twice enlarged, and has a contract made for 
a third and spacious addition. At present the floor space 
for the retail department is 130 feet by 90, or including a por- 
tion of the basement, 10,500 square feet, in actual use every 
day. The arrangement of each and every department is very 
complete, business-like and convenient ; but the need of more- 
room is evident on any day of middling favor for shopping. 
The proprietors' office and the book-keeper's desk are favor- 
able for consultation at any moment required, the well 
ordered business arrangements being such that it is not neces- 
sary for the proprietor to hide out of sight at a distance ia 
order to secure quiet sufficient to conduct the work of the 

This is a first-class dry goods house; the sale of im» 
ported goods — specially silks of various styles and qual- 
ities — being a large department of the house. Also the 
sales by mail and express has grown into surprising pro- 
portions. It is a matter of credit to Bridgeport that a. 
dry goods house of only eight years standing is now deliv- 
ering goods in every State in the Union amounting to tens 
of thousands of dollars ; it being a matter of actual history, 
that Bridgeport, through one of its leading dry goods 
stores, as well as by its score of mammoth manufacturing 
houses, is being published in fame all over the great States of 
the nation, and that the riches of the Republic of America are 
flowing into it. This may well be called a family dry goods 
house, because of the great number of families it regularly 
supplies with merchandise, thousands of dollars' worth of 
goods being sent to each of a score or more cities in this fam- 

Bridgeport. 871 

ily trade ; Chicago, the Queen of the West in commerce, being 
one of them. The department of ready made ladies goods, 
especially cloaks and dresses, is very large, two cutters of these 
goods being constantly .employed; and their custom-made 
work keeps a number of the most thoroughly practiced hands 
employed steadily. The storage department of the house is 
a wonder. Here, in the basement of the building, goods, hav- 
ing been bought in large quantities, are kept in stock until 
wanted in the salesroonns; and each morning the clerks go 
down and select such goods as they need for sale that day. 
To build up such a house is a fitting reward, and well worth 
the steady efforts of any man for forty years, as has been the 
case with Mr. Hall. 

ILev. CHdeon Uawley^* son of Gideon and Eunice 
(Jackson) Hawley, was born in Stratfield, November 5, 1727. 
I^is mother died when he was three days old, and his father 
about three years after. He was graduated at Yale College 
in 1749, and having early in life resolved to be a missionary 
to the Indians, was licensed to preach by the Fairfield East 
Association May 23, 1750, and commenced his missionary 
career at Stockbridge, Mass., in 1752, under the patronage of 
the Rev. Jonathan Edwards, then pastor at that place. Here 
he labored until the next spring when he was sent by " the 
Commissioners of Indian affairs'' at Boston to establish a mis- 
sion on the Susquehanna among the Iroquois nation. He re- 
turned to the East the next year and was ordained as mis- 
sionary to the Indians, at the Old South meeting house in 
Boston. Shortly after, he returned to his field of labor on the 
Susquehanna, at the place called Oughquanga, where he 
continued until May, 1756, when he was obliged to withdraw 
from that country on account of the French war. 

In 1757, the Commissioners of the society for propagating 
the Gospel, persuaded him to visit the tribe of Indians at Marsh- 
pee. Here he was installed April 10, 1758, and here he 
passed the residue of his life — nearly half a century — in the 
most benevolent and self-denying labors for the salvation of 
the Indians. He died October 3, 1807, aged 80 years. 

>* Sprague't Annals i, 497. 

872 History of Stratford, 

Alfred Charles JBLohbSf^ the third son of John L. Hobbs» 
was born in Boston, Mass., October 7. 1812. His father, a 
carpenter and joiner by trade, came from London, England, 
to Charleston, South Carolina, to dp the work on a dwelling 
house for the governor of that State. His mother came from 
Welch Pool, a town in Wales, and was living with her brother, 
on Sullivan's Island, near Charleston, where she became ac- 
quainted with Mr. Hobbs, and they were married. After the 
work on this house was completed they removed to Boston, 
Mass., where he established a shop on Water street, on a part 
of the land now covered by the Boston post office. The son 
well remembers, when about three years old, that his father 
left Boston with a party to settle in Florida, leaving his family 
to follow as soon as a house could be built. The party landed 
at Mobile, the father went up the river to St. Stevens, pur- 
chased a place and commenced building a house, but died 
very suddenly before it was finished, leaving his family in 
Boston destitute. Young Hobbs lived with his mother until 
ten years of age, going to school occasionally, playing truant 
quite often, and in many ways trying to earn a few pennies, 
which went into the grand fund for family support. 

In the month of February, 1822, he left Boston with 
James Fowler, of Westfield, Mass., then a member of the 
legislature, to do chores and work on the farm, where he 
found that a Boston boy 100 miles from home was a fit sub- 
ject for training by all the other boys, but within a month he 
had tried titles with so many and came off the best that he 
soon led the van in the frolics and fun of the place. In 
accomplishing the work he had to do — rising with the sun 
and milking the cows often after dark — he had learned, at the 
end of the four years, all he desired to know of farming, and 
returned to Boston to find another occupation. He obtained 
a place in a dry goods store in Cornhill, but soon went to 
learn the trade of wood carving, having an older brother over 
him. This place did not suit and he tried next a carriage 

^^ At a regular meeiingof the Fairfield County Historical Society held February 
12, 1886, it was, on motion. 

*' Resolved, That Mr. A. C. Hobbs be and is hereby requested to furnish a sketch 
of his professional career as an expert with locks, and to furnish his portrait, both 
to be in the History of Stratford and Bridgeport." 

^ /^ //^rU 

Bridgeport. 873 

body maker, but the owner, Mr. Willard, in a short time 
failed, and this caused another change to the rudiments of 
carriage painting, which consisted in rubbing off the paint 
from old carriages with pumice stone and cold water. This 
employment did not suit and the next proposition was to be 
a sailor. He secured a position on board the ship Leonidas, 
bound for Charleston, S. C, and thence to Havre, France, 
but on arriving at Charleston it was decided to return to 
Boston, which was pleasing news to the would be sailor, as 
he had enjoyed sufficient of that sort of life before the mast. 
He then tried tin plate work, and then coach trimming and 
harness making, which also failed to satisfy, and having ar- 
rived at the age of sixteen years he resolved to leave Boston, 
and therefore went to Sandwich, Mass., and finished an ap- 
prenticeship at glass cutting at the Boston and Sandwich 
glass works. After remaining in that place about eight years 
he returned to Boston and established the glass cutting busi- 
ness for himself, occupying a part of a building on Brom- 
field street. One part of this work, the cutting of glass 
door knobs, and a new method of fastening the knobs into the 
socket by which they were attached to the locks, was in- 
vented and patented by Mr. Hobbs, and this business brought 
him for the first time in contact with some of the lock makers, 
jind he was finally induced to enter partnership in that busi- 
ness under the name of Jones and Hobbs, but a very short 
time satisfied him with that enterprise. During 'this time 
spent in Boston, which was about five years, he had joined 
the fire department at the lime that the volunteers disbanded 
because the mayor would not allow them to have their own 
way, and he assisted in forming the first paid fire department 
in Boston. The first position he held was clerk of company 
No. 13, but in consequence of change of residence he left that 
and joined No. 7, and from that was appointed foreman of 
No. I. He was also a member of the Washington Light 
Guard, doing both fire and military duty. He was also pres- 
ident of the Boston Musical Education Society, and a member 
of the Massachusetts Charitable Mechanics Association. 

After giving up the firm of Jones and Hobbs an arrange- 
ment was made with Edwards and Holman, lock and safe 
makers, to open a store in New York and sell their locks and 

8/4 History of Stratford. 

fire proof safes. This arrangement did not prove satisfactory 
to Mr. Hobbs, but during the time thus employed the con- 
struction of locks was carefully studied and those locks that 
others valued seemed worth but little to him. He soon 
became acquainted with Day and Newell, the prominent 
bank lock makers, and made an arrangement with them to 
take the entire charge of selling their bank locks. In order 
to succeed in this line it was necessary to prove to bankers 
that the locks they were using were not secure. Therefore 
he made a very fine set of tools by which he could demon- 
strate the proposition that their vaults and safes could be 
opened. Equipped with a lock and his box of suspicious 
implements, he made his first call on a bank at Stamford, 
Conn. They had on their doors what was known as a Jones 
padlock, which was considered invulnerable. It held an iron 
strap over the key hole of an Andrew's bank lock, which had 
cost the bank $150. In addition they had what is known as a 
Warded lock, making three locks, any one of which was 
considered quFte secure against being opened without the 
proper key. Also a supposed secure lock was placed on the 
outside door of the bank. After a long conversation with the 
bank directors it was decided that if the lock on the outside 
of the door and the vault could be opened in two hours with- 
out injuring the locks, they would purchase a new lock. Mr. 
Hobbs then, after examining the key holes, selected a few 
instruments from his assortment, opened the outside door and 
the three locks on the vault in twenty-three minutes. No 
further argument was needed, the new lock was purchased 
and their vault made secure. This occurred in January, 1847. 
From that time until 185 1 his whole attention and time was 
occupied in visiting banks, including nearly all in the United 
States. The following letter is of interest. 

"Treasury of the United States. 
Washington. 22 February, 1850. 

"We hereby certify ihat Mr. H. C. Jones sold 10 the Department one of bis 
best, large, pntem combination locks, which was placed on one of the doors of the 
money vault in this office. Mr. Jones seemed confident that it was impossible for 
his said lock to be picked, and said many things to prove his confidence in its 
perfect security. Having become satisfied that Mr. Jones's combination lock had 
been picked in New York and elsewhere, wc lost confidence in the one o( his on 
the vault door, which we reported to the treasurer. The department authorized 

Bridgeport. 875 

the purchase of a lock exhibited by Mr. A. C. Hobbs, agent for * Day and Newell's 
Parantoptic Bank Lock/ After the same had been carefully examined by some 
of our most skillful and competent mechanics it was put upon the vault door in 
the place before occupied by Mr. Jones's combination lock. 

**We further certify that Mr. Hobbs did, without having seen the key or 
interior, pick and open the said Jones lock without the least injury' to the same. 

Wm. D. Nutt." 

In the year 1848 Mr. Hobbs was at the bank of Lancaster, 
Pa., putting on a lock that he had sold them. As the cashier 
came in the bank with his morning paper, he said, '* Mr. 
Hobbs, there is something for you," throwing down his New 
York paper, in which was an advertisement from a Mr. 
Woodbridge, of Perth Amboy, offering $500 to any one who 
would open his lock then on one of Herring*s safes in the 
Merchant's Exchange reading room in New York. Mr. 
Hobbs said to the cashier, ** That is my money." ** What," 
said he, "do you think you can open it?" " Yes," said Mr. 
Hobbs, "and I leave for New York as soon as I have finished 
putting on this lock." Away went Mr. Hobbs to New York, 
found Mr. Woodbridge, saw the lock and safe with a card on 
the door offering the reward of $500 to any one who would 
open the lock in thirty days by any instrument of their own, 
or he would let them have the use of the key for one dollar 
per hour, first having the movable bits taken out and dis- 
tributed. There being twelve bits to the key would give 
479,001,600 changes, or diff'erent ways of putting the bits 
together, leaving but one way only that would open the lock. 
In order to have the test fairly conducted, there were three 
arbitrators appointed to attend and decide upon the arrange- 
ment for the trial. Mr. Woodbridge had unlimited confidence 
in his lock and thought he knew all about making and opening 
it. The arbitrators agreed that if Mr. Hobbs did not open 
the safe he should write a certificate that ** He had access to 
the lock for thirty days and could not open it, and therefore 
considered it perfectly safe and recommended it to the pub- 
lic." Mr. Woodbridge had a check on the Mechanics' Bank 
of New York for $500, signed by his father. This was put in 
an envelope and placed in the safe, to be the property of the 
one opening the safe. 

Mr. Hobbs then said to Mr. Woodbridge, "You don't 
own that money. It is a check of your father's, and I do not 

876 History of Stratford, 

want it under such circumstances. Let the arbitrators open 
the safe, take your check out and give me my certificate,, 
withdraw your advertisement, and call it square. But if you 
leave it there I will surely take it." Mr. Woodbridge, with 
a derisive laugh, said, " Go ahead, 1 will risk it." Mr. Hobbs,. 
knowing the general construction of the lock, had his instru- 
ments all made, and arranged with the janitor of the room to 
have the use of it at night. Mr. Woodbridge had so con* 
structed the lock that if any attempt was made to withdraw 
the bolt before the tumblers were all in their proper position,, 
any key or instrument that might then be in the key hole 
could not be withdrawn, and by that means the opening of 
the lock would be made impossible. After the room was 
cleared at nine o'clock in the evening Mr. Hobbs began his 
work on the lock, and at half past eleven had the measure- 
ments of the required position of the tumblers all marked out 
and the bolt ready to be withdrawn. Instead of having any- 
thing that could be held in the key hole he had a piece of 
bent wire with which he could withdraw the bolt, and left 
the safe in that condition through the night. He called on 
Mr. Woodbridge quite early in the morning and told him 
there was some trouble with the lock, and requested him ta 
be at the room by ten o'clock sure. Mr. Woodbridge 
seemed quite happy and evidently thought his trap had 
caught something in the lock. Mr. Hobbs also notified the 
arbitrators to be there at ten o'clock and then returned and 
sat down by the safe, with the piece of wire hanging out of 
the key hole, to prevent any one touching it. Sometime 
before ten o'clock the room began to fill up, and all were 
wondering about the result of the night's work. Some 
thought it must be a failure and others expressed doubts. 
The arbitrators came, but Mr. Hobbs answered no questions. 
Soon after ten o'clock Mr. Woodbridge came and there being 
quite a crowd around, he called from a distance: ** Hallo, Mr.. 
Hobbs, what is the trouble?" ** There is something the mat- 
ter with the lock," said Mr. Hobbs. " What is it?" said Mr. 
Woodbridge. Mr. Hobbs then carefully moving the wire, 
pulled the door of the safe open and said, " Your lock wont 
keep the door shut." 

The arbitrators handed the check and certificate to Mr. 

Bridgeport. 877 

Hobbs, who went immediately to the Mechanics' Bank, ob- 
tained the $500, and destroyed the certificate, leaving Mr. 
Woodbridge in charge of his lock and safe, a wiser man than 
he was the day before. 

Mr. Hobbs continued traveling and selling bank locks, 
and as it was important that he should carry his box of what 
might have been called a set of burglars' tools to demonstrate 
the insecurity of the locks in use, it was also advisable to 
have with him letters and documents which would secure 
him from trouble or difficulties of suspicion while among 
strangers. On proposing to go to Europe he received the 

following : 

"Office of the Chief of Police. 

New York, April i8th, 1851. 
"Alfred C. Hobbs, Esq., 

*^ Dear Sir: — Understanding that you are about to go to Europe on profes- 
tiopai business, and that it is your intention to attend the World's Fair to be 
bolden at the city of London, I thought it would be acceptable to you to have in 
your possession a few lines from me by way of recommendation. 

'* I have had the pleasure of your acquaintance since my first connection with 
the police of this city, and I can unhesitatingly bear ample testimony to your 
character as a gentleman and a citizen. Having been for many years connected 
with the mnnufacturo of the most celebrated locks In this country, I know that 
your knowledge of their structure is unsurpassed, and would highly recommend 
you to the authorities and police of whatever European city you may visit. Wish- 
ing you much success, I have the honor to be 

Your friend, George W. Matsell, 


Mr. Hobbs had often heard of a wonderful lock that was 
placed in the window of the celebrated lock maker, Bramah, 
of London, and the offer of 200 guineas reward to any one who 
should open it without the key, and having seen several of 
the Bramah locks he felt quite sure he could open this one 
for which the reward was offered. Therefore he left New 
York in April, 185 1, on the steamship Washington, for South- 
ampton, with the lock of Day and Newell to exhibit, and also 
his small chest of tools to test the locks of European make. 
While landing at Southampton the custom officer requested 
him to open the small box, which he did, but the expression 
of the face of that official when he saw the contents cannot 
well be described. However, handing a letter to Mr. Croskey, 
the American consul, who stood by, an explanation of the 
purpose of the implements soon made all things right, so that 

SyS Hisiary of Siratferd. 

the mischievous box was passed. This box or tmnk was 
fifteen inches long, eight wide, and eight deep, having six 
trays in which the tools and instruments were carried. Dur- 
ing a few hours spent with Mr. Croskey he desired to know 
what was to be done, and after hearing the explanation, and 
Mr. Hobb's binding him to say nothing about it, Mr. Croskey 
said that for the first time he had heard an American express 
a desire to have anything he knew kept quiet, and if anything 
could be done to raise the comparative standard of the Amer- 
icans he would be delighted, for their show at the* Crystal 
Palace was very poor, consisting as it did of a few barrels of 
shoe pegs, some bunches of brooms apd a few American car- 

A few days after Mr. Hobbs arrived in London he called 
on the American minister, Mr. Abbott Lawrence, with whom 
he had been acquainted in Boston, and informed him some- 
what with the object of his visit The locks of Day and 
Newell had not been on exhibition long before they attracted 
considerable attention, especially by many of the exhibitors 
of locks, and much to the annoyance of Mr. Hobbs. His 
reputation as an expert on locks having gone before him, he 
was asked many questions which did not receive direct 
answers, since he carefully avoided saying anything about 
what he intended to do or what he had done. He visited and 
examined the great variety of English locks, and having 
several times stopped at the window of Bramah, where the 
prize lock was exhibited, became more satisfied about opening 
it, but said nothing to any one about opening or picking locks. 
A short distance from the Day and Newell show case, in the 
Crystal Palace, was a case that contained a very good assort- 
ment of Colt's revolving breech riHes and pistols. One day 
t|iere was quite a crowd gathered around it and presently one 
of the guards came and said to Mr. Hobbs that His Grace, 
the Duke of Wellington had come to see Colt's revolvers, but 
the attendant was not there, and asked if he could open the 
case and explain them to the duke. Knowing where the key 
was kept he complied with the request. Being through with 
this exhibition the duke said : ** Now, Mr. Hobbs, what have 
you to show me?" His Grace was then led to the case con- 
taining the locks, and upon their exhibition he expressed 

Bridgeport. 879 

much pleasure, taking Mr. Hobbs by the hand he said, " With 
your permission I shall come and see you again." The next 
morning about ten o'clock he came with the Marchioness of 
Duro and another lady, and said : " I am so much pleased 
with your wonderful lock that when I told the ladies they 
immediately desired to see it, so 1 have brought them." After 
having seen the lock the duke wanted to re-examine the rifles 
and pistols, and Mr. Hobbs explained them as before. The 
duke, taking Mr. Hobbs by the hand, said : '' I shall want to 
see you and talk about America." In about ten days he came, 
and taking a seat near the lock case with Mr. Hobbs, the 
conversation lasted some time. Then the duke said : ** Now, 
Mr. Hobbs, I want you to explain that model of Ni-a-gft-ra 
Falls" (that stood near by). After this explanation His Grace 
again shook Mr. Hobbs' hand and thanked him for his atten- 
tion. A short time after this, at one of the queen's drawing- 
rooms, as the American minister was passing, the Duke of 
Wellington (who was standing near the queen) said: "Mr. 
Lawrence, I am pleased to see you. I have seen the great 
American lock. It is one of the finest things in the exhibi- 
tion, and Mr. Hobbs is one of the cleverest of men." A few 
days after. Her Majesty, the Queen, with Prince Albert, sev- 
eral ladies in waiting, the Prince of Wales, with attendants, 
came to see the locks, having the day before notified Mr. 
Hobbs that they were coming. From that time to the close 
of the exhibition Mr. Hobbs was favored with visits from 
many of the Royalty to see the great American lock. 

The remembrance of these visits and conversations from 
the great persons of England is very pleasant, after more than 
thirty years have passed, and especially as he drew some 
little attention and credit to the genius of America. 

During this time speiit in the exhibition Mr. Hobbs had 
carefully examined all the locks that Bramah had in the exhi- 
bition, stopped and looked at the lock hanging in the window, 
and made himself fully prepared before making any attempt 
upon the Bramah lock. This lock and the 200 guineas filled 
his eye exactly. During this lime, also, many rumors had 
been floating about that he could open all the locks in the 
exhibition, and there were several gentlemen who were 
anxious to have Mr. Hobbs show how it was possible to open 

88o History of Stratford. 

a Chubb's look. Mr. Chubb had also given several challenges 
to get Mr. Hobbs to make a trial. Therefore he informed 
several gentlemen that if he got a chance to test a lock in use 
on some door, he would show them whether or not it could be 
opened. The following letter was sent to Mr. Chubb so that 
he could be present, — taken from the London ''Observer." 

'* Gbntlkmbn: An attempt will be made to open a lock of your manufacture 
on the door of a Strong-room at 34, Great George-street, Westminster, to*morrow, 
Tuesday, at 11 o'clock a. m. You are respectfully invited to be present, to wit- 
ness the operation. Yours respectfully. A. C. Hobbs. 

"American Department, Crystal Palace, July ai. 

*'To Messrs. Chubb and Son, St. Paul's Churchyard." 

Although Mr. Chubb took no notice of the communica- 
tion he sent a man to look on. The following extract from 
the London ** Observer" gives the result of the operation : 

** London, July aa, 1851. 
'* We, the undersigned, hereby certify that we attended, with the permission of 
Mr. Bell, of 34, Great George-street. Westminster, an invitation sent to us by A. C. 
Hobbs, of the city of New York, to witness an attempt to open a lock throwing 
three bolts, and having six tumblers, affixed to the iron door of a strong room or 
vault, built for the depository of valuable papers, and formerly occupied by the 
agents of the South Eastern Railway Company ; that we severally witnessed the 
operation, which Mr. Hobbs commenced at 35 minutes past 11 o'clock, a. m., and 
opened the lock within 25 minutes. Mr. Hobbs, having been requested to lock it 
again with his instruments, accomplished it in the short space of seven minutes, 
without the slightest injury to the lock or door. We minutely examined the lock 
and door (having previously had the assurance of Mr. Bell that the keys had 
never been accessible to Mr. Hobbs, he having had permission to examine the 
keyhole only). We found a plate at the back of the door with the following in- 
scription : — * Chubb's new patent (No. 161461). St. Paul's Churchyard, London, 
maker, to hf r Majesty.' 

'* Mr. Hardlby. 26, Great Earl- street. 

Mr. William N. Marshall, 42. Charing-cross. 

Mr. W. Armstead. 35, Belitha-vlllas. Barnsbury Park. 

Mr. G. R. Porter, P.uiney Heath. 

Mr. F. W. Wenham. Effra-vale Lodge. Brixton. 

Mr. A. Shanks, Robert-street, Adelphi. 

Mr. T. Shanks, Robert-street. Adelphi. 

Colonel W. Cufton, Morlcy's Hotel. 

Mr. Elijah Galloway, 42. Southampton-buildings. 
. Mr. Paul R. Hodge, 9. Adam-street. Adelphi. 

Mr. Charles H. Peauody. i, Norfolk-street. Strand." 

Notwithstanding the above testimony Mr. Chubb con- 
tinued to deny that his lock had been fairly opened. 

Bridgeport. 88 1 

Mr. Hobbs, having disposed of Chubb*s lock, thought it 
about time to give his attention to the challenge lock of Mr. 
Bramah, and hence went into the shop where the lock was 
hanging in the window and asked the shopman if that was a 
real lock. **Of course it is," said the man. "Then I would 
like to see it," said Mr. Hobbs. The man, not knowing who 
he was speaking with, asked if he were a locksmith, to which 
the reply was, no; but that he was very curious about locks 
and would like to see it. Placing the lock in Mr. Hobbs* 
hands the man turned to wait on a customer. Mr. Hobbs, 
taking his pen-knife and feeling of the points of the lock, the 
man became very much annoyed, and said: ** What are you 
doing?" "I was only feeling of those pieces to see if they 
would move," said Mr. Hobbs, for he had been told they 
would not, and that the lock was a trap. But the examina- 
tion assured him that it was not. The man seemed very 
much excited and took the lock. Presently one of the pro- 
prietors came in and Mr. Hobbs told him he desired to try to 
open the lock, and also told who he was. In reply he called 
Mr. Hobb's attention to the challenge, which read: "The 
artist that will produce an instrument that will pick this lock 
shall receive 200 guineas reward the instant it is produced." 
Mr. Hobbs then said that it was generally understood that 
the offer was to anyone that would pick the lock without 
injuring it, regardless of how it was done, and that if they 
would not submit it to a fair test they must take it out of the 
window or he would make it known to the public as a fraud. 
The gentleman said he would consult the proprietor and give 
an answer. 

It so happened on the following morning that the London 
" Times " had an article giving a description of a case of 
jewels, a collection of great value belonging to Hope, the 
banker, and saying, that "the case was secured by one of 
Bramah's locks; that it was also understood that an Ameri- 
can gentleman had thrown down the gauntlet and offered to 
pick both Chubb's and Bramah's locks. Is it safe?" 

The following morning a letter was published in the 
"Times" from both Chubb and Bramah saying; " If the 
American gentleman or any other person will pick our lock 

882 History of Stratford. 

he shall have the 200 guineas reward." Mr. Hobbs went 
direct to Bramah and said he was satisfied he intended to do 
what was right, and in order to have a fair test they would 
have three arbitrators to make the arrangements and see that 
the test was fairly made. The arbitrators were chosen, the 
lock fastened to a door, and Mr. Hobbs was notified that all 
was ready. 

He first took measurements of the keyhole. The follow- 
ing from the London "Observer" gives the method of pro- 
cedure in opening the lock : 

We neit come to the mode in which Mr. Hobbs felt out the notches in the 
sliders for the purpose of adjusting them 10 their proper places. For this purpose 
he used a plain steel needle, with a moderately fine point, and another with a 
small crook at the end, and something like a crochet needle ; the former for push- 
ing in the slider, and the latter for drawing It back when it had been pushed in too 
far. By feeling along the edge of the slider delicately the notch was found and 
adjusted, and its exact position was then accurately measured by means of a thin 
and narrow plate of brass for future reference, and marked upon the brass slider, 
by way of a record; so that when the operator left the lock at night everything was 
in its usual normal position, and to all intents and purposes as if nothing had been 
done to it, but he meantime carried away with him the results of his day's 
progress, and began on the succeeding day from the point where he left off. The 
lock which was the subject of Mr. Hobbs' operations had no less than i8 sliders, 
each of which had to be adjusted to its proper place, and the reader will be able 
from this to appreciate the time, and labor, and patience required. Independently 
of the two small instruments we have described, Mr. Hobbs used a third bent one 
as a substitute for the small lever or projection at the end of the key by which the 
bolt is shot and withdrawn. This was also permanently fixed in the lock during 
his operations, and by a simple piece of mechanism so arranged as to exert a con- 
tinual pressure on the cylinder. The two hands of the operator being thus at 
liberty, he was enabled to use both in feeling out the notches in the slides, com- 
mencing with those that offered the greatest resistance, and moving them up and 
down until he felt that the resistance had ceased, by the notch being adjusted to 
the steel plate. He thus proceeded through the entire eighteen, and then the 
barrel moved a little round, and he by this means ascertained that he had got 
the sliders adjusted to the false notches, and had to commence de novo. By 
repeated trials in this way he succeded in finally adjusting the whole of the sliders 
to their proper places ; the cylinder then revolved, and the lock was opened. 
Although the operation was performed by steps, and although different Instru- 
ments and different steps were taken to accomplish it — the spring being held 
down by one piece of mechanism, the sliders adjusted by another, and the cylinder 
turned by a third, the committee have, on a full consideration of all the circum- 
stances, come to the decision that Mr. Hobbs has fairly picked the lock, and have 
decreed that he should obtain the two hundred guineas. 

And also the following is the report of the committee : 

Bridgeport. 883 

*^ Report 9f tki Arhiirai^rs §0 wUm tki Bramak LhM Cmtwwirsy kms ban Referttd. 

** Whereas for many yeara past a padlock has been exhibited in the window ' 
of Messrs. Bramah's shop. In Piccadilly, to which was appended a label with these 
words - ' The artist who can make an instrument that will pick or open this lock 
shall receive 200 guineas the moment it is produced ;' and Mr. Hobbs,of America, 
having obuined permission of Messrs. Bramah to make trial of his skill in open- 
Ing the said lock. 

** Messrs. Bramah and Mr. Hobbs severally agreed that George Rennie, Esq., 
F.R.S., of London, and Professor Cowper, of King's College, London, and Dr. 
Black, of Kentucky, should act as arbitrators between the said parties. 

** That the trial should be conducted according to the rules laid down by the 
arbitrators, and the award of 200 guineas be decided by them ; in fine, that- they 
should see 'fair play' between the parties. 

**On July 23d it was agreed that the lock should be enclosed in a block of 
wood and screwed to a door, and the screws sealed, the keyhole and the hasp only 
being accessible to Mr. Hobbs, and when he was not operating the keyhole was 
to be covered with a band of iron, and sealed by Mr. Hobbs, that no other person 
should have access to the keyhole. The key was also sealed up, and was not to 
be used until Mr. Hobbs had finished his operations. If Mr. Hobbs succeeded 
in picking or opening the lock, the key was to be tried, and if it locked and 
unlocked the padlock it should be considered as a proof that Mr. Hobbs had not 
injured the lock, but had fairly picked or opened it, and was entitled to the 200 

" On the same day {^vXy 23d) Messrs. Bramah gave notice to Mr. Hobbs that 
the lock was ready for his operations. 

"On July 24th Mr. Hobbs commenced his operations, and on August 23d 
Mr. Hobbs exhibited the lock opened to Dr. Black and Professor Cowper (Mr. 
Rennie being out of town). Dr. Black and Mr. Cowper then called in Mr. Edward 
Bramah and Mr. Brazalgette, and showed them the lock opened. They then with- 
drew, and Mr. liobbs locked and unlocked the padlock in presence of Dr. Black 
and Mr. Cowper. 

** Between July 24th and August 23d Mr. Hobbs' operations were for a time 
suspended, so that the number of days occupied by Mr. Hobbs was 16, and the 
number of hours he was actually in the room with the lock was 51. 

'*On Friday, August 29th, Mr. Hobbs again locked and unlocked the padlock, 
in presence of Mr. G. Rennie, Professor Cowper, Dr. Black, Mr. Edward Bramah, 
Mr. Braxalgette and Mr. Abrahart. 

** On Saturday, August 30th, the key was tried, and the padlock was locked 
and unlocked with the key by Professor Cowper. Mr. Rennie, and Mr. Gilbertson, 
thus proving that Mr. Hobbs had fairly picked the lock without Injuring it Mr. 
Hobbs then formally produced the instruments with which he had opened the lock. 

" We are therefore unanimously of opinion that Messrs. Bramah have given 
Mr. Hobbs a fair opportunity of trying his skill, and that Mr. Hobbs has fairly 
picked or opened the lock, and we award that Messrs. Bramah and Company do 
now pay to Mr. Hobbs the 200 guineas. 

" Gborgb Rennie, Chairman, 
Edwd. Cowper, 
J. R. Black. 

** Holland street, Blackfriars, September 2d, 1851." 

884 History of Stratford. 

Comments of the London newspapers : 

Since the opeaing of Messrs. Bramah's lock, Mr. Hobbs and his lock hare 
become the objects of much interest and curiosity to the visitors of the Great Exhi- 
bition. Hard*handed and intelligent mechanics and delicate ladies, scientific 
men and savant, with dandies and dileiianti, crowd round him whenever he makes 
his appearance in the United States department, and listen with an eagerness 
which at tiroes threatens serious consequences ; for he is almost overwhelmed by 
the numbers and the pressure to hear his explanations and illustrations of the 
principle on which the parantoptic lock is constructed. Whatever may be thought 
. of the vauntings of some of his countrymen, we must say that Mr. Hobbs has 
invariably referred to himself and his performances with much modesty, and never 
makes any allusion to them until questioned and pressed by those around him, 
and then treats them, not as something wonderful to boast of, but the natural 
result of his intimate acquaintance with the mechanism of locks. 

We confess that the Americans in the two public contests in which they have 
recently been engaged with us, have shown a propriety and good feeling which is 
calculated to shake our preconceived notions of the American character. Commo- 
dore Stevens, in his conduct of the yacht challenge, exhibited throughout a gentle- 
manly courtesy and a disposition to accede to the wishes of his opponents, which 
must produce a favorable impression upon the minds of all who have read the 
correspondence and the details of the contest. Mr. Hobbs, flushed with victory, 
and looked upon by three-fourths of the public as little else than a wisard, has been 
snubbed and sneered at by some of his opponents ; but yet there is not a line or a 
word in any of his published letters at which the most captious could take offence. 
He has a very humble opinion of his own merits, and believes that there are a 
hundred men in London, who, if they set themselves seriously to work, could do 
what he has done. 

Mr. Hobbs always takes great pleasure in referring to the 
kind treatment and attention he received in the several con- 
tests he had with his many competitors during the time of 
the World's Fair in London, and well he might, for they 
made of him a lion, and for once he received his merited 

The excitement caused by the complete overthrow of 
the locks in general use in England brought out many new 
inventions, and some, although the parties had reason to 
believe to the contrary, still held to their old ideas. Mr. 
Hobbs had been in London but a short time when he received 
a letter from William Brown of Liverpool, the head of the 
House of Brown, Shipley and Company, bankers, requesting 
him to call at St. James Hotel. Complying with this request, 
he found Mr. Brown was the inventor of a lock, which was 
then in use on the bank of the company. This lock he 
thought very secure, and after explaining its construction, 

Bridgeport. 885 

making sketches o( some of its parts, and showing how many 
thousand and million combinations it had, the various ways 
it could be locked, with only one way to open it, he asked 
Mr. Hobbs how it was possible to open it without knowing 
the word on which it was locked? Mr. Hobbs replied that 
he thought the lock very much like the Letter Pad Lock in 
point of security, and if so, it could easily be opened. Mr. 
Brown in much surprise said, '' you certainly do not under- 
stand me." Mr. Hobbs requested him to explain it again, 
which he did, very carefully pointing out the impossibility of 
opening it with its many obstructions, and then asked again, 
" Do you really think it could be opened?" Mr. Hobbs saw 
that he was well satisfied with the lock as his own invention, 
and on his repeating the question a third time concluded to 
let him enjoy his own opinion and said he could not give an 
opinion without seeing the lock itself. Mr. Brown seemed 
well pleased at this and requested Mr. Hobbs to call at their 
Banking House whenever in Liverpool. 

About five months after, Mr. Hobbs received a copy of 
the proceedings of the Archeological Society of Liverpool, 
which contained a paper on locks by William Brown, M.P., 
in which the same lock was described, and it wound up as 
follows: •* During the time of the exhibition in London, 1 saw 
Mr. Hobbs and described this lock to him. At first he 
seemed to think he could open it, but after a more thorough 
explanation was made to him, so that he more fully under- 
stood the lock, I again asked him, and his answer was so 
evasive that I concluded he could not opei; it, and I am hav- 
ing another like it put on a new safe that is now being made 
for our bank." 

Mr. Hobbs, thinking it now time to give Mr. Brown a 
call, went to Liverpool and met him at his Banking House. 
Mr. Brown was very glad to see him, and said his new safe 
was just coming in, therefore he could not shdw the new lock 
but that the old one would do as well. Calling his cashier 
he directed him to lock the safe, which he did. Mr. Hobbs 
then began to explain what he should do if he should attempt 
to pick the lock. There was no key, but there was a T 
wrench to put in a hole to throw the bolts when the pointers 


8§6 History of Stratford. 

on the dial were in their proper position. Mr. Hobbs said, 
** you do not think anything of that wrench, do you ?" " No/' 
he said, " we put that on the top of the safe at night." Mr. 
Hobbs then said, " if I wanted to open the safe I should take 
the wrench and put it in, so that I could feel the bolts while 
turning the pointers on the outer dials." Presently the cash- 
ier called Mr. Brown, saying, a gentleman wished to speak 
to him. Mr. Brown asked to be excused and turned to go 
away, but before he reached the door, the bolts went back, 
and the safe door came open. Mr. Hobbs then called to Mr. 
Brown saying, <' Don't leave me here with this safe open." 
Mr. Brown, in great surprise said, "How did you open it?" 
** I don't know," said Mr. Hobbs, " I was turning the pointers 
round and it came open ; perhaps it was not properly locked, 
have it locked again. The cashier locked it ag^in, and Mr. 
Hobbs said, " I will now show you how easy it is to open this 
lock." Then turning his back to the door, and without look- 
ing at the lock opened it in less than ten minutes, showing 
Mr. Brown that his lock was worthless. Mr. Brown seemed 
very well satisfied, but not much pleased by the information 
he had received. 

This success of Mr. Hobbs in showing the failings of the 
locks then in use in England, and the- want of proper machin- 
ery in the business, suggested the idea of starting a lock factory 
with the view of getting it fairly running within three years 
and then disposing of it. Hence a partnership was formed 
and a building hired in Cheapside, London, and the securing 
of machinery to tajce the place of hand labor was begun. The 
progress was so slow that during the first year but little head- 
way was made. Being then convinced that the time required 
would be much longer than at first supposed, Mr. Hobbs sent 
for his family, being determined to carry out what had been 
started. The second year began to make some show, and at 
the end of the third year a new building was required for the 
factory, which was built outside of the city, retaining the one 
at Cheapside for a store. 

Mr. Hobbs was soon convinced that there was a great 
difference between the English and American way of doing 
business, and while pushing matters as fast as possible, he 

Q.tlbtt&^ttmiwxtlS54! . 

^UCrxd (Shades Mab\xa.:MBat:3ml : (S.0. 

Bridgeport. 887 

began to think about returning to the United States, although 
he had formed acquaintances and associations that he did not 
like to give up. The character and notoriety gained during 
the exhibition held on, and he received much attention from 
many in high position. He became a member of the Society 
of Arts, and by request gave a lecture before it on the subject 
of ancient and modern locks. Afterward he was called on for 
the same by many corresponding societies. He was also an 
associate of the institution of Civil Engineers, and wrote a 
paper on the principles and construction of locks. From this 
society he was awarded the Telford Medal, the highest 
premium ever given by it, and this was the third one brought 
to the United States, a representation of which is herewith 
presented in illustration. It is a most beautiful thing in itself 
and as an honor bestowed as it was, is well worth the price- 
less estimate placed upon it by its owner. 

As time went on the business of lock- making increased 
and the addition of machinery suited for that special purpose 
was almost daily obtained. A new store was added, and a 
large portion of the business of the Government and Bank of 
England were given the firm, which added very much to 
their position and standing. In August, i860, Mr. Ashly, one 
of the firm, died, and Mr. Hobbs then 3aw an oppprtunity 
to sell out and go home. A very satisfactory bargain was 
made on one condition, which was that the name of Hobbs 
should be continued on the sign, for which a premium was 
paid ; and the name of Hobbs, Ashley and Company was 
changed to Hobbs, Hart and Company, ^(> Cheapside. If any 
one should go there and ask for Mr. Hobbs they would proba- 
bly be informed that he had stepped out. 

Mr. Hobbs and his family left London in October, i860, 
and arrived in New York November ist. He has visited 
London several times since, and there is no business more 
flourishing in that city than Hobbs, Hart and Company. 

During the nine and a half years Mr. Hobbs had been in 
London great changes had occurred in New York, so that he 
found it not easy to enter into satisfactory business arrange- 
ments. He went to Boston, but finding nothing there more 
promising, he, after a few months returned to New York. 

888 History of Stratford. 

There he soon met Elias Howe, Jr., with whom he had an 
intimate acquaintance before he went to England. Mr. Howe 
proposed that he should go to Bridgeport and take charge of 
a factory that was being built for making sewing machines. 
This position he accepted, after a few visits of inspection, and 
took charge of the completion of the building and the fitting 
up of the machinery. Although he had no knowledge of 
sewing machines, yet the business was started entirely 
under his supervision, and this continued until Mr. Howe's 
interference with the details ot the running of the factory 
and giving and contracting orders, made it advisable for him 
to resign his place, which he did about 1865. 

While engaged in the Howe shop the Metallic Cartridge 
Works were built by the firm of Schuyler, Hartley and Gra- 
ham of New York. They purchased two small concerns of 
this character, one in Springfield, Mass., and the other in 
South Coventry, Conn. In looking for a suitable place to 
build a manufactory they fixed upon Bridgeport, and pur- 
chased a lot of land between East Washington avenue and 
Barnum street, and bounded on the east by Pembroke Lake 
which gave them the advantage of a water front. They built 
a main building of 120 feet by 40, three stories in height, and 
a few small wooden buildings around the yard. 

When this was ended there was but little use for metallic 
cartridges. The breech-loading pistols and guns were not 
largely upon the market, and for some time the business 
looked rather doubtful. Mr. Hobbs had been out of employ- 
ment for a few months, when on his way to Washington he 
went to the store of this firm in New York, and inquired if 
they desired any one to take charge of their cartridge works, 
when the reply being in the negative he went on to Washing- 
ton. The next morning he received a telegram from Mr. 
Schuyler requesting him to return to New York at once. On 
meeting the firm he made arrangements to take charge of the 
cartridge shop for one year. This was in 1866. Things 
looked very blue. But little could be done excepting putting 
up machinery and trying experiments. The next year, how- 
ever, made quite a different showing. Soon their buildings 
were filled, more added, and at times from 1,000 to 1,500 hands 

Bridgeport. 889 

employed. Frbm that time — 1868 — great progress has been 
made. Cartridges have been made in great numbers, machinery 
been constructed for making them, and a very large home 
trade established. More land has been purchased, new build- 
ings erected, and a large number of hands employed. The 
manufacturing department has been under the charge of Mr. 
A. C. Hobbs, it being considered one of the largest and most 
successful enterprises of the city of Bridgeport. 

PhUo Hurd was born in Brookfield, Conn., July 25, 
1795. He was the son of Jabez and Lucy (Blackman) Hurd, 
and attended school from an early age until his fourteenth year, 
assisting his father in the work of the farm, more particularly 
in the summer months, and gaining thereby a vigorous con- 
stitution and industrious habits. He had a great desire for a 
thorough education, and for a time attended the private 
school of the Rev. Dr. Williams, but from lack of means he 
was compelled to relinquish his studies, and at the age of 
fifteen he entered the store of Oliver Warner in New Milford. 
Here he remained several years, during which Mr. Warner 
presented him with the uniform and accoutrements of a 
cavalry soldier at an expense of more than $100. This was 
during the war of 18 12, but he was too far from the seaboard 
to see active service. Mr. Warner meeting with reverses 
young Hurd spent the summer in farming and afterward 
found a position as clerk in Woodbury. In 1816, in connec- 
tion with Frank Taylor of Danbury, he opened a dry goods 
store at Augusta, Ga. They Linded at Savannah during a 
most severe prevalence of yellow fever, October 3, 1816. 
They were quite prosperous, but great inducements having 
been offered from Darien, Georgia, Mr. Hurd went there the 
following year, remaining several years, during which his 
brother Samuel Ferris Hurd joined him. In 1823, with his 
brother, he opened a dry goods store on the corner of Wall 
and Middle streets under the firm name of P. and S. F. Hurd. 

On the 6th of October, 1823, he married Melinda, daughter 
of Agur Tomlinson of Brookfield, Conn. After several years 
he united with Isaac and William DeForest in the Boston 
coasting trade, after that, with Stephen Burroughs in the West 
India trade, having an interest also in the whaling business. 

890 History of Stratford. 

He was sheriff during a period of ten years, and while occupy- 
ing this position was invited by Alfred Bishop to engage in the 
railroad business, then in its infoncy. This was about the year 
1838. He bought the right of way for a portion of the Housa- 
tonic railroad, then was engaged on the N. Y. and N. H. rail- 
road in the same business. He located the line of the Nauga- 
tuck railroad, bought the right of way, superintended the 
construction of the road until its completion and in the mean- 
time was made superintendent of the road, which position he 
held for seven years, and on resigning received a handsome 
silver salver and pitcher from the employees of the road in 
token of their regard. He then took charge of the Madison 
and Indianapolis railroad and its extension then building to 
Peru, as Vice-President and Superintendent, but receiving in 
less than a year a handsome offer, he came to New York and 
accepted the Vice-Presidency of the Hudson River railroad, 
remaining a few years until he was offered the presidency of 
the N. Y. and Harlem railroad. He brought that road and its 
affairs into a prosperous condition, but at the expense of his 
own health, and after partially recovering from a severe ill- 
ness, he resigned his position and went to Florida and the 
Western States, and the following year to Europe, taking the 
" grand tour '* and spending the winter in Italy. He returned 
in good health and engaged in a few business enterprises, but 
for the last twenty or more years of his life he has enjoyed a 
quiet leisure, often passing his winters in Florida or some 
other genial clime and his summers in Saratoga Springs and 
at Bridgeport with his daughter Mrs. J. E. Dunham. 

In appearance he was very like his mother, having all the 
Blackman traits, slender form, active temperament, black hair 
and eyes. He possessed great energy of character, industry 
and perseverance. In his late years his loveliness of charac- 
ter outshone all other traits. He was a superior conversa- 
tionalist, polite in his manners and a great favorite. 

On the 6th of October, 1873, he and Mrs. Hurd celebrated 
their golden wedding in Bridgeport, gathering together a 
number of their old friends for the occasion. Mrs. Hurd died 
on the 3d of October, 1882, having lived with her husband 59 
years. In Bridgeport he engaged in many public enter- 

Bridgeport. 891 

prises ; was alderman of the city, recorder for many years, 
clerk of the Court of Probate; vestryman and treasurer of 
St. John's Church; and director of the Connecticut State 
Prison. He died August 14, 1885, aged 90 years and 20 days. 
He left three children, twelve grandchildren and three great- 

WUliavi 8. jBCnou;Zton.— Prominent among the men 
who were identified with Bridgeport's growth and pros- 
perity is the name of William S. Knowlton, who was 
bom September 27th, 1810, at Shrewsbury, Worcester Co., 
Mass. He early learned the trade of a cutler but did not 
follow it long, devoting himself to the study of music and 
graduating at a then famous musical institute. From 1838 to 
1842 he composed many pieces of sacred music, a number of 
which now rank among the most solid and popular of devo- 
tional compositions, and although without his name in modern 
reprints, are recognized by many as enduring monuments of 
his musical taste and remarkable skill in harmony. In 1848 
he formed a co-partnership for the prosecution of railroad 
contract work, and the firm soon had heavy contracts in the 
construction of the New York and New Haven railroad, 
which work ultimately led him to this city. On the com 
pletion of that road he decided to make Bridgeport his home, 
and continued to reside here till the time of his death. Many 
of the public works of the city were built by him as con- 
tractor, the last being the Congress street bridge, after the 
completion of which he retired from active business life. 
Mr. Knowlton was widely known and universally respected 
among the business men of the community and throughout 
the State. He was a man of sterling integrity, genial, kindly 
ieeling, quick to sympathize in the misfortunes of others and 
ever ready to do his share in every good work. He was 
thrice married, and at his death left one son. Colonel Julius 
W. Knowlton, at present (1886) Postmaster of Bridgeport. 

llowland Bradley Lacey, only son of Jesse and Edna 
(Munson) Lacey, was born at Easton, Conn., April 6, 1818. 
His early years were spent on his father's farm. After the 
manner of the period, at proper age, his time was divided 

892 History of Stratford. 

between farm work and attendance upon the common district 
school. Later he had the advantages of Mr. Eli Gilbert's 
select school in Redding and of the Easton academy. Before 
he reached the age of sixteen years he commenced teaching 
school, which work he pursued for several terms in his native 
town and in Redding, " boarding around/' as was the custom. 
Mr. Henry Sanford, of this city, and his brother Aaron, long 
a resident of Newtown, and Henry B. Fanton, of Danbury, 
Conn., were among his pupils. In April, 1836, at the age of 
eighteen years, he took up his residence in Bridgeport, occu- 
pying the position of assistant postmaster with Stephen 
Lounsbury and his immediate successor, Smith Tweedy, for 
nearly four years. Bridgeport was then a borough with less 
than three thousand inhabitants, and everything, including 
the mail service, was in marked contrast with the present. It 
was incorporated as a city in 1836. Mr. Lacey having been a 
continuous resident from that period and closely identified 
with its various interests, is specially conversant with its 
entire municipal history. 

Upon the opening of the Housatonic railroad in Decem- 
ber, 1839, h^ secured the po3ition of agent at Bridgeport, 
which involved a large share of the responsibility of operating 
the road. For several years during the winter season this 
was the only steam line between New York and Albany, and 
hence the traffic was very heavy, taxing to the utmost the 
resources of the road. In March, 1844, he resigned this posi- 
tion with the railroad, not without the remonstrances of 
Alfred Bishop and other leading men connected with the 
road, to accept a position offered him by Messrs. Harral and 
Calhoun as book-keeper in their saddle manufactory. This 
was at the time one of the leading manufactories in the State 
of Connecticut, doing a large southern trade, having a ware- 
house in New York and branch establishments in Charleston, 
S. C, and Saint Louis, Mo. Mr. Lacey soon became assistant 
manager of the manufactory, and in 1853 became a member 
of the firm of Harral, Calhoun and Company. In 1858, after 
the death of Mr. Harral, the firm was reorganized under the 
name of Calhoun, Lacey and Company, and in 1863 the title 
was changed to Lacey, Meeker and Company. The market 


Bridgeport* 895 

of the saddlery business being chiefly in the south, the late 
war involved heavy losses to them and caused this firm, with 
others, to withdraw and close up the business. 

Between the years 1840 and 1850 Mr. Lacey was con- 
nected with the old volunteer fire department as private 
member, as foreman of Company No. i, and as assistant 
engineer. In 1848 he drew and procured the adoption of a 
city by-law for a better organization of the fire department^ 
which continued in force until the adoption of the paid system 
in 1870. J 

He was a member of the common council in 1848, 1852^ 
1853, and 1864. In 1870 he was requested by Mayor Morford 
and others to visit neighboring cities and ascertain their 
methods of iceeping public accounts, and he then drew the 
plan of the present financial system, which, upon some revis- 
ion by Francis Ives, Esq., was adopted by the common coun- 
cil February 20, 1871. At the same time he was appointed 
city auditor for three years, and to this office he was reelected 
in 1874, 1877, and 1880. He was also connected almost con- 
stantly during the above period with the street and sewer 
departments, as the clerk of the board of road and bridge 
commissioners and secretary of the park commissioners, and 
in the adjustment of damages and benefits for street and sewer 
improvements. He introduced system into the accounts of 
the town of Bridgeport and since 1876 has had the sole charge 
and management of the Town Sinking Fund — involving a 
heavy responsibility. 

The Bridgeport Annual '* Municipal Register" originated 
with him in 1873, and for ten successive years he prepared 
and supervised its publication. It was fully appreciated from 
the first and is regarded as an invaluable work of reference* 

His services have been much sought for on important 
committees, and as trustee, executor or administrator on 
numerous estates. 

One of the earliest fields of usefulness aside from his 

regular employment was in the public schools of Bridgeport^ 

which he found at a very low ebb. His efforts resulted in 

marked improvement of the central school. Other pressing 

^engagements withdrew him from that field and the only part 

^94 History of Stratford* 

taken by him in the more recent measures was in the adjust- 
ment of the intricate financial questions and interests between 
the town and the former school districts in connection with 

He has always been interested in local history, and this, 
in fact, might be styled his hobby, or his field of recreation, 
since in the house and by the way he lightens every work and 
enterprise with inquiry and anecdote of history. 

It was at his suggestion that his father-in-law, Deacon 
Isaac Sherman, wrote a valuable series of articles, embody- 
ing his own early recollections together with many facts 
handed down from the first settlers. These sketches, revised 
and corrected by Mr. Lacey, are published in this work, much 
to the honor of the early settlers of the locality. He has 
also written, at the expense of much time, research and 
labor, many papers, articles and obituary notices, which have 
been published in various forms — in the *' Municipal Regis- 
ter " and public journals of the city, and read before the His- 
torical Society, which have added very greatly to the remem- 
brance of the early inhabitants of the place, and to the pleas- 
ure and satisfaction of the present generation. A very busy 
man with present, living issues, he has yet found time to 
rescue the graves of the fathers and mothers of the early set- 
tlement from disgraceful neglect. Those who have ancestors 
or friends buried in the ancient Stratfield burial ground owe 
him a lasting debt of gratitude for his liberal expenditure of 
time, labor and money for the accomplishment of this end. 

In the whirl, excitement and cares of an intensely busy 
life, he never lost sight of his moral and religious obligations. 

He began life a total abstainer from intoxicants and man- 
fully adhered to the principle through many temptations. 
Very soon after he took up his residence here he identified 
himself with the First Congregational Church, then under 
the pastoral care of Rev. John Blatchford and entered the 
choir and Sabbath school. In July, 1837, he became a mem- 
ber of that church by the removal of his relations from the 
Congregational Church in Redding, Conn. How thoroughly 
he has been identified with the First Church all these years 
since, few now on the stage can know or appreciate. The • 
records of the Sabbath school, the Church and Ecclesiastical 

Bridgeport. 895 

Society best reveal it. He was elected deacon of the church 
August 30, 1850, and has served continuously since — also a 
number of years as clerk and treasurer. For nearly fifty years 
he has served in one or more of the following capacities: 
society's treasurer, chairman of the society's committee, Sun- 
day school teacher, librarian, teacher of the Bible class and 

Jtev. Peter Lockwood, son of Lambert and Elizabeth 
Lockwood, was born in Bridgeport, Conn., February 8, 1798, 
and was the third of a family of five children, one of whom was 
Roc Lockwood, a well known book seller in New York. He 
was descended from Puritan ancestry, who stoutly resisted the 
encroachments of the Romanists in the days of Charles L 
He often related the story told by his mother of the escape 
from Ireland in 1641 of one of her ancestors by the name of 
John Roe. ''This John Roe and his brother, in endeavoring 
to reach the sea shore as they fled from persecution, took 
refuge in the house of a wealthy lady whom they kneWj and 
while receiving refreshment were alarmed by the arrival of 
officers in search of them. The good housewife hastily hid 
them in a closet filled with soiled clothes. The officers 
demanded, and she delivered her bunch of keys to them, 
having previously removed the key of the closet where the 
men were hidden, but when the officers had searched the 
house they asked if she had delivered all her keys to them. 
She replied ' There is the key of the closet where I keep my 
dirty clothes, if you want to look in there,* at which they 
were so disconcerted that they took their departure." 

Peter Lockwood's youth was passed in his native place 
learning the art of printing and book-binding. 

In 1813, at the age of fifteen years, he entered Yale Col- 
lege, where, in the midst of a successful scholarship, " he, 
with many others, publicly professed Christ in the college 
chapel, on April 2, 1815, and where he graduated in his 
college course in 18 17." He at once entered the theological 
seminary at Andover, where he was graduated in 1820; and 
in 1821 was ordained an evangelist, which work he pursued 
three years in New York city, Richmond, Va., and in New 

896 HistiMy of Stratford. 

On the second day of October, 1822, he married Matilda, 
the daughter of the Hon. John Davenport, of Stamford, Conn. 
In 1824 he was settled as pastor at Peekskill, on the Hudson, 
where he labored two years, after which, for a time, he pur- 
sued his evangelistic labors in Western New York. 

On Sunday, August $, 1827, he preached his first sermon 
in the first Presbyterian church of Binghamton, N. Y., 
where he became pastor and labored as such with great 
success six years. From 1834 he continued a classical school 
in Binghamton for two or three years. From October, 1837, 
he served as pastor of the Presbyterian church at Cortland, 
N. Y., for five years. From this place he removed, in 1842, 
to Berkshire, Tioga county, where he labored as pastor 
another five years, after which he made his residence in 
Binghamton until his decease, which occurred November 
16, 1882, in the 85th year of his age. 

The Rev. J. P. Gulliver, D.D., one of the successors of 
Mr. Lockwood in the Binghamton church, wrote of him: 
*' 1 have always regarded Mr. Lockwood, since I knew him, 
as a very remarkable man. His force of character seemed to 
press up into view on all occasions and in all directions, as if 
from an inexhaustible fountain. His simplicity and artless- 
ness were even more remarkable, as it seemed to me. Happy 
shall we be if we can leave such a record. 

Son. James C Loomis was born in Windsor, Conn., 
April 24, 1807. He prepared for college at the grammar 
school in Hartford, entered Yale College in 1824, at the age 
of seventeen, and graduated with honor in the class of 1828. 
Among his classmates were the Rev. P. T. Holly, for a time 
of this city, ex-Governor Hoppin, of Rhode Island, Judge 
William Strong, of the United States Supreme Court. 

Mr. Loomis read law first at Charlotteville, Va., and 
finished his law studies with Judge Clark Bissell, of Norwalk. 
He was admitted to the bar of Fairfield county in 1832, and 
settled in his profession with the Hon. Samuel B. Sherwood, 
at Saugatuck, now Westport. He took from the first a very 
respectable stand as a lawyer, but regarding Bridgeport as a 
more promising field for his profession, he removed thither in 
1840, and soon became actively interested in public matters. 

Bridgeport. 897 

In 1848 h« formed a law partnership with George W. Warner, 
which continued several years. He was city attorney for a 
number of years, and mayor of the city in 1843. He twice 
represented this town in the lower house of the State Legis- 
lature, and once or twice the tenth district as Stale Senator, 
and by virtue of this position became a member of the corpo- 
ration of Yale College. 

He married Miss Eliza Mitchell in 1833, who, with her 
young son, departed this life in 1841, which was a v^ry afflic- 
tive occurrence to him. 

In 1844 he married Mary B., daughter of Ira Sherman, 
Esq., and immediately settled in his beautiful home on Golden 
Hill. His two children deceased while he was living, the 
daughter in early childhood, his son, of great promise, when 
a member of the senior class in Yale College. 

Mr. Loomis was successful in business and financial en- 
terprises, and was a public spirited citizen. Upon the con- 
solidation of the city schools he was made the first president 
of the board and had a very active part in the organization of 
the schools. He was one of the first projectors of the Seaside 
Park, and as one of the commissioners of it was very active 
and influential in its early improvement. He was president 
of the stockholders* association for the erection of the present 
edifice of the first Congregational society from 1849 until 
about i860. At his decease, September 16, 1877, he was 
president of the following boards and associations: Bar Asso- 
ciation of Fairfield County, the Board of Education, the 
Mountain Grove Cemetery Association, the Bridgeport Li- 
brary Association. He was also an active director in the 
City National Bank and trustee of the People's Savings Bank. 

Henry U. Parrott was born January 4, 1829. At 
that time his parents, Frederick W. and Lucelia (Remer) 
Parrott, resided on the corner of Main and Wall streets. Mr. 
H. R. Parrott's education was obtained in the private schools 
ol Ebenezer French and Warren W. Selleck of Bridgeport, 
and three years* course at the Danbury Academy under the 
instruction of Rev. John W. Irwin. His business life began 
in the dry goods store of Beers and Oviatt, where he remained 
until they closed their business. After that he was in the 

898 History of Stratford. 

employ of James W. Beach for a few years, and then for 
about eight years in the store of E. Birdsey and Company. 
In 185s, he entered as agent the service of the Adams Express 
Company, which had just been organized. He left that com- 
pany in 1869 and organized the present Parrott Varnish Com- 
pany, the products of which have now a world-wide reputa- 
tion, Mr. Parrott being the manufacturer and general man- 

' While not having any desire for political office, he has 
nevertheless strong, pronounced views, and is a thorough 
Republican* and as such during the late war by his fearless 
expressions and activity did much service in the cause. In 
recognition of his loyalty and business ability, the Adams 
Express Company in 1861, after the battle of Bull Run, 
selected him to reorganize and place upon a proper footing 
their extensive business in Washington, D. C. 

In his own city he has been a member of the Board of 
Aldermen, twice a member of the Common Council, and six 
years a member of the Board of Police Commissioners. In 
1873 he was elected a director of the New York and Eastern 
Railroad Company, the first organization looking to the build- 
ing of a parallel road from New York to New Haven. For 
thirteen years he has steadily advocated the project, and the 
present favorable condition of the New York and Connecti- 
cut Air Line Railway Company, of which he is the president, 
is largely due to his labors in that direction. 

Henry Seymo^ir Sanford, only son of David C. San- 
ford, Judge of the Supreme Court of Connecticut, was born 
in 1832, graduated with honor at Yale College in 1852, 
admitted to the bar in 1854, practiced at New Milford until 
1864, when he removed to Bridgeport where he has since 

Mr. Sanford is noted for great energy and activity under 
a very great misfortune. In 1 861, in consequence of an acci- 
dental injury he was rendered totally unable to walk or even 
to stand, by paralysis, which also seriously affected his arms 
and hands. But with constant effort he has exercised his 
strength to recover from this misfortune ; and since 1864, has 
followed his profession, both in the courts and in his office 

Bridgeport. 899 

Steadily, and has now a practice as extensive as any lawyer 
in his county. 

In 1863, while temporarily living in New York, he wit- 
nessed an instance of gross cruelty to a horse, which led hino 
to write a letter to the New York ** Daily Times," proposing 
the formation of a society for the prevention of cruelty to ani- 
mals. This letter was conspicuously published in that paper, 
and is believed to have been the first suggestion for such a 
society published in New York or the United States. This 
letter attracted much attention ; the suggestion was adopted,, 
and as is well known, successfully carried out by Mr. Bergh. 
H. B. Claflin, an uncle of Mr. Sanford's wife, bequeathed 
$25,000 to this New York society, and like societies have been 
organized throughout the country." 

Mr. Sanford spends considerable time in the summers at 
New Milford, and in the spring of 1871 he proposed the 
scheme and drew the papers for the "Village Improvement 
Society," of that place, which has had very decided success,, 
and become quite celebrated throughout the country, through 
lectures by the Rev. B. G. Northrop on this subject, in which^ 
taking for his text the New Milford Society, he was influen- 
tial informing more than three hundred similar societies. 

» " January 4, 1864, New York Daily Times. 

After describing the exposure and terrible suffering of the horse so cruelly 
abandoned by its owner and left uncared for by the authorities of the city, Mr. 
Sanford concludes his letter as follows : 

"Where the fault lies in the neglect of this terrible case, I do not know, but 
in the name of humanity I beg that it may be ascertained and an efTcctive remedy 
applied. The country has but lately rung with eloquent denunciation of the 
brutality of a prize fight perpetrated by lawless men, contrary to law, but in some 
measure palliated by public opinion. This brutality was perpetrated by officers 
of the law. according to law, though outraging every type of public opinion. 

"Such instances of brutality to the helpless animals who serve us are becom- 
ing very common. They should be stopped. If the law is defective, amend it. 
If the police are remiss, punish them. Good men should interest themselves in 
this matter. In Great Britain there is a rich and powerful society for the preven* 
lion of cruelty to animals. There is need enough, heaven knows, for such aiv 
agency here. Let us all remember 

" * He prayeth best who loveth best 
All things both great and small. 
For the dear God who loveth us 
He made and loveth all.' 

" H. s. %r 

9o6 History of Stratford. 

Judge IJuetus Mf/ran Slade, son of Joel and Clarissa 
{French) Slade, was bom in the town of Hartland, Hartford 
count}% Conn., June 19, 1828. His ancestors in both lines 
were of the good old New England type and character. 
Abner Slade, his grandfather, served through the seven 
years' war of the Revolution. Joel Slade, the father, married 
Clarissa, daughter of William French, and spent the early 
part of his married life in Hartland. Having improved the 
advantages of the district school, Lucius M. Slade entered 
upon an academic course and was fitted for college. He then 
engaged as a teacher, and for ten years pursued this work in 
private and public schools. 

He entered the law office of Hon. Hiram Goodwin of 
Riverlon, and completed his legal course with the late F. A. 
Palmer of Stonington, and was admitted to the New London 
county bar, September 13, i860. The first three years of his 
professional life were spent in Mystic. Having attained to a 
successful professional standing, he looked about for a more 
advantageous location, and as such fixed upon Bridgeport. 
Here he established his law office in 1863, and soon after was 
elected Chief Judge of the City Court; and in 1866 was 
elected to the office of Judge of the Probate Court for the 
district of Bridgeport, which office he held for six consecu- 
tive years, with great acceptance to the public. Declining a 
reflection, he resumed the practice of his profession, which 
he has continued since that time. In 1885, he was elected to 
the Legislature, where he distinguished himself as a success- 
ful worker and debater, and was one of the leaders of the 
House. He was appointed on the Judiciary Committee, and 
also chairman of the committee on " Revision of Rules." 
He did considerable towards shaping the action of that 
body, especially in the line of advanced legislation. One of 
these items was the adoption of the " Homestead Bill," by 
which a certain amount of property as a homestead was 
exempted from execution. Another item was the bill which 
was passed effecting important changes in the Municipal 
Charter of the city of Bridgeport, securing particularly the 
division of the Common Council into two bodies, the alder- 
men and the councilmen, and establishing a board of public 
works. To this he gave special attention and effort. 

Z'K^" >^^ 


Bridgeport. 901 

Another bill of interest to the whole State was drafted 
and advocated by him. It was the bill passed to regulate the 
observance of the Fourth of July, confining the celebration to 
the daytime and relieving the night before the Fourth of the 
customary disturbances of this kind, which had become such 
a nuisance as to be almost unbearable by well people, saying 
nothing of the sick, and the great injury frequently done to 
public and private property. 

Judge Slade never married, but has a pleasant home on 
Fairfield avenue where he resides, continuing the practice of 
his profession. The Judge frequently delivers public lectures 
on commercial law as connected with business life. He has 
always been found interested in the growth and prosperity of 
the city of his adoption. 

Sidney JB. Beardsley, son of Cyrus *H. and Maria 
(Burr) Beardsley, was born in Monroe, Conn., August 20, 
1822. He was educated at Wilton Academy and Yale Col- 
lege; studied law with Reuben Booth, of Danbury, and 
was admitted to the bar in August, 1843. ^^ commenced 
practice in Norwalk, where he remained until 1846, during 
which period he was Judge of Probate. In 1846 he removed 
to Bridgeport, where he has since resided. In 1858 he was 
elected State Senator and has been a candidate for Congress. 
In 1874 he was elected by the Legislature Judge of the Supe- 
rior Court. 

Hon. PhUo Clarlc CaZJiotinf born in Danbury Decem- 
ber 4, 1810, was the son of Philo Calhoun, whose father had 
for many years been a practicing physician at Washington, 
Conn., and of Sally J., daughter of John McLean of Dan- 
bury. Mr. McLean was an old resident of Danbury, hav- 
ing held a position of trust under the government during 
the Revolutionary War, and whose losses at the burning of 
Danbury were such that large grants of land were afterwards 
given him in the Western Reserve. Mr. Calhoun was re- 
lated to the Hon. John C. Calhoun of South Carolina. 

He came to Bridgeport about 1826 to learn the saddle 
and harness business with Lyon, Wright and Company. 
His health failing somewhat he was sent by the firm to 

902 History of Stratford. 

Charleston, S. C, with Lemuel Coleman to assist in the store. 
In. 1833-4, he returned to Bridgeport and became assistant to 
Hanford Lyon in the saddlery business, with an interest in the 
profits of the establishment, which relation continued until 
1838, when the firm of Lyon, Calhoun and Company was 
formed. In 1843, another change was made to Harral and 
Calhoun, which continued ten years, Mr. Harral having been 
at the head of the house in Charleston. In 1853, ^^^ ^^^ he- 
came Harral, Calhoun and Company by the addition of Mr. 
R. B. Lacey. In 1858, a change to Calhoun, Lacey and Com- 
pany occurred, which lasted until 1863. In the mean time 
Mr, Calhoun had largely withdrawn from the details of the 
business and devoted himself to the management of the Con- 
necticut National Bank, of which institution he became Presi- 
dent in March, 1847. He continued in this position until 1864, 
when he resigned and accepted the Vice-Presidency of the 
Fourth National Bank of New York City, organized that year, 
Morris Ketcham being President, and in the same year he 
was elected President. Upon his taking control, the deposits 
of the bank quadrupled in a short time, and it was owing 
largely to his management that this became one of the largest 
deposit banks in the country. In 1875, upon the dissolution 
of the firm of Hoover, Calhoun and Company, Mr. Calhoun 
established in Newark, N. J., a stock company for the manu- 
facture of saddlery, in which he owned a controlling interest 
at the time of his death. 

During his Presidency in New York the bank was en- 
gaged in several large transactions, among which were the 
purchase of United States bonds, the bank taking $5,000,000 
worth at a time. One of his greatest efforts was during the 
panic of 1873, when in a little over two days more than $13,- 
000,000 in cash were paid out through the Paying Teller's 

In Bridgeport Mr. Calhoun held many prominent offices. 
He entered the Common Council in the year 1845, ^"d con- 
tinued in that body during that and five successive years. In 
1852, he was elected Alderman, and in October, 1855, was 
elected Mayor, which office he held for three years afterward. 
He was one of the originators of the town and sinking funds, 
and the manager of them for a number of years. He was one 


Bridgeport^ 903 

of the original stockholders of the Bridgeport Gas Light Com- 
pany ; also one of the first to subscribe liberally towards the 
public library, and was very prominent in the Common 
Council when the water question was under consideration, 
being of great aid in furthering the enterprise. He repre- 
sented the town in the Legislature and also the loth district 
in the Senate. But very few men have exerted more influ- 
ence in oflicial circles that Mr. Calhoun. He wa-s originally 
a Whig, but when that party broke up he united with the 
Democrats^ and as such was elected to the various offices 
which he held. 

He was a straight- for ward business man, not afraid to 
take responsibility, always true to his engagements, and 
hence his character was beyond reproach. A prominent 
feature of his character was the interest he took in young 
men, whom he was always ready to assist. He was at the 
time of his death President of the Fourth National Bank of 
New York, and director of the Connecticut United Bank, a 
director in the Farragut Fire Insurance Company, treasurer 
of the New Central Coal Company, and trustee of the mort- 
gages of several railroad companies. He also held member- 
ship in the Union League and Union Clubs. Socially he was 
very genial, and all who came in contact with him, whether 
of high or low degree, loved him and delighted to be his friends. 

He had a most remarkable memory, being able to repeat 
on the spur of the moment long pieces of poetry. His 
memory was even more retentive in regard to matters of im- 
portance. On financial, mercantile or political questions, he 
was ever ready with the item, and page of the book which 
sustained his proposition. 

Mr. Calhoun, after a short illness with pneumonia, died 
March 14, 1882, leaving a widow and five adult children. His 
wife, Caroline, was the daughter of Jesse Sterling, who was a 
prominent dry goods merchant here many years and Post- 
master of Bridgeport during four administrations. His son, 
Edward S. Calhoun, married Alice Hersey, and his son 
Charles M. is unmarried. His daughter, Louisa C, married 
G. VV. Latham of Lynchburg, Va., now deceased ; Julia E. 
married W. B. Cragin of New York City, and Mamie S. mar- 
ried J. S. Burke of Brooklyn, N. Y. 

904 History of Stratford. ' 

The following lines were written by a citizen of Bridge- 
port on the decease of Mr. Calhoun : 

I »aw him, as he lay in state. 

And, with abated breath, 
I noted with what courage great. 

He had confronted death. 

Old statues were recalled to me 

Of heroes passed away. 
And in those features I could see 

A masterpiece of clay. 

Three score and ten of active years 

Were represented there. 
With all their hopes, achievements, fears. 

And lines of thought and care. 

But ; over and encircling all. 

A grandeur was expressed 
Which change of worlds could ne'er appaU 

As there he lay at rest. 

This cannot be the whole of life ; 

There must be broader sphere. 
Where chieftains in this mortal strife, 

With vision sure and clear. 
May act some nobler, higher part. 

In enterprise above. 
And satisfy the yearning heart 

With stores of endless love. 

Peter Foland, a native of Scoharie County, N. Y^ 
established a grocery store .with Riley Peck in the city of 
Albany in the year 1850. In 1852 he sold his interest in this 
store and rented the Peck Hotel in Albany, which interest he 
sold in 1857 ^"d went to Burlington, Iowa, where, with a Mn 
Brown, he opened a wholesale stove store. This he continued 
two years when he sold it in 1859, returned to Albany, and 
with Mr. Van Dewerken bought the Frisby livery. In i860 
he sold this and bought the lease and furniture of the Gallup 
Hotel in Albany. In 1864 he leased the Beardsley Hotel of 
Albany, and in 1867 he bought the lease and furniture of the 
Mansion House, on Broadway, Albany. Having sold this 
interest he went on his farm, one mile from the capital, and 
in the fall of the same year returned to Albany and bought 
the lease and furniture of the City Hotel, which he sold in 
1876 and removed to Poughkeepsie, where he leased the 
Nelson House. This he sold in 1880, came to Bridgeport, 

-1^^^:«<^^*^<ir>t -^ryrTye^ 

Bridgeport* 905 

and bought the lease and furniture of the Atlantic Hotel. 
This is a first class hotel and is illustrated on page .818 of this 
book, where there is some further account of Mr. Poland and 
his familyi 

Hon. CivUion FoneSy the present mayor of the city of 
Bridgeport, is a descendant of two French Huguenot families. 
His paternal great-grandfather, Daniel Fones, was one of the 
exiles to England during the reign of Louis the XIV, and 
afterward became an oflScer in the English navy, and when 
retired was given a tract of land embracing 1,500 acres in the 
State of Rhode Island, where the old town of Wickford now 
stands and on which he located. His son Daniel the grand- 
father, and Christopher the father of Civilion, were born on 
the ancestral acres, and the latter married Sarah A. Marigold, 
of South Carolina, who was also a descendant of French 
Huguenots. While his father was temporarily residing in 
Toronto, Canada, superintending work in the line of his occu- 
pation as architect and builder, Civilion was born October i, 
1836, the year of the incorporation of the city of which he is 
now the mayor. He resided during his youth in Canada and 
the State of New York, and came from New York City to 
Bridgeport in the year 1858, where he has since resided. 

He was educated to the occupation of his father and 
engaged in it for a short time, but then became identified 
with the pioneer dental manufacturing establishment of the 
late Doctor D. H. Porter, whose works and residence were 
located on the corner of Park and Fairfield avenues, the 
present site of St. John's Church, where he commenced to 
learn his profession as dentist, but subsequently graduated 
from the Maryland College of Dentistry, and also the Balti- 
more Dental College. He has been engaged in the practice 
of his profession on the northwest corner of Main and Bank 
streets for about twenty-five years, and the appreciation of 
his professional brethren has been expressed by electing him 
president of the Connecticut Valley Dental Association for an 
annual term. 

He has been identified with the republican party since its 
organization, but never held political office until the year 
1884, when he was elected to represent his ward as council- 
man. The following year he was elected alderman, and at 

9o6 History of Stratford. 

the April election in 1886 was elected mayor of the city, 
overcoming an .opposition party majority of about 800, and 
hence received an unusual support from both political parties. 
He married, October 21, 1863, Phebe E., daughter of 
Alfred S. Wright, of New York City, and they have had 
three children : George, who died in early childhood ; Grace, 
and Alfred C, who are now living, with their parents. 

JoAyoh Kiefer was born in a small town of Rhenish 
Bavaria, near the border of France, in the year 1829. His 
father, Jacob Kiefer, was the master builder and cabinet 
maker of the place. His mother died when he was about 
one year old. In 1833 ^^^ father concluded to go to America, 
taking young Jacob with him, arriving in New York after a 
two months passage by a sailing vessel, and settled at first in 
Maryland, then coming to New York City where he carried 
on the business of cabinet making until his death in 1*849. 
Young Jacob received his education at public school No. 7, 
in Christie street, New York City. At the age of ten years 
he entered the service of Benjamin Mooney and Company, 
wholesale hardware merchants at 82 Pine street, as an ap- 
prentice, where he remained about four years, when, having 
more mechanical than mercantile ideas, he commenced the 
manufacture of guitars in his father's cabinet shop, under the 
direction of Signor Bini, the finest guitarist then in this 
country.^ The superiority of workmanship and tone of his 
instruments attracted the attention of the musical public, and 
at the American Institute fair held at Castle Garden in 1846, 
he received the first premium, his competitors being the best 
makers in the United States. His father consenting, he came 
to Bridgeport at the solicitation of Mr. Fenelon Hubbell, to 
work as a journeyman cabinet maker, where, after a time, con- 
ceiving the idea of manufacturing furniture by the aid of ma- 
chinery, he, in 1850, commenced business on his own account in 
a small building, and by the aid of steam power manufactured 
furniture for his old employers. In 1852, in connection with 
several business men of Bridgeport, he organized the Furni- 
ture Manufacturing Company, and for several years he acted 
as superintendent and built up the largest furniture business 
in the eastern States, employing over four hundred hands. 
Since 1868 he has been the president and treasurer of this 

Bridgeport. 907 

immense establishment, the goods produced being known 
throughout the country as the standard of excellence. 

Mr. Kiefer is a public spirited and enterprising citizen. 
Having been a member of the old volunteer fire department 
for about fifteen years, he was one of the first to suggest the 
use of steam and the organization of the present efficient paid 
fire department, but which at the time made him many ene- 
mies in the old department. He was one of the first sub- 
scribers to a fund for laying out Seaside Park, and for several 
years one of the park commissioners. For a number of years 
successively he was a member of the common council, and in 
April, 1886, was elected president of the board of aldermen of 
this city. In politics he is republican in practice, and was 
raised in the old Dutch Reformed Church. 

In 1850 he married Effie Jane, daughter of Gabriel Decker, 
of Pompton Plains, N. J., and they have three children : Emma 
Louisa, who married W. Henry Wilson ; Hattic J., who married 
W. E. Burnham ; and Frank W., who married Leota Saladee, 
daughter of George L. Weed of Stamford. 

David JSenJmnin Lochwood was born at Weston, 
Conn., January 7, 1827. His father, David Lockwood, was 
born at Weston, Conn., April 27, 1791, and his mother, Abi- 
gail (Gray) Lockwood, was born at Westport, Conn., January 
2, 1802. His grandfather, Reuben Lockwood (son of John), 
was born April 17, 1762, at Fairfield, Conn.-, and served in the 
Revolutionary war. The family is descended from Robert 
Lockwood, who settled in Fairfield in 1649. David B. 
has one sister, Rhoda Ann Lockwood, and. one brother, 
Wakeman D. Lockwood. He prepared for college at Staples* 
Academy in Easton, Conn., and entered the Wesleyan Uni- 
versity at Middletown, Conn., in 1844, and was graduated 
there in 1849. He received the degree of B.A. upon his grad- 
uation, and three years later the degree of M.A. He com- 
menced the study of law with Hon. Thomas B. Osborne, 
of Fairfield, and concluded it in the office of Hon. Sidney B. 
Beardsley, of Bridgeport. He was admitted to practice in 
1851 and opened an office at Bridgeport where he continued 
in his profession until 1856, when he removed to New York 
City. He continued his practice there until the breaking out 
of the war of the rebellion, when he returned to Bridgeport. 

goS History of Stratford. 

In 1862 he enlisted in the 2d Connecticut Light Battery and 
served as first sergeant until the close of the war, participat- 
ing in the battle of Gettysburg, the siege of Fort Gaines and 
Fort Morgan, and the battle of Blakeley in the war at Mobile. 
After the close of the war he was for a while local editor of 
the '' Daily Standard," and in 1866 was assistant editor of the 
Waterbury ** Daily American." In 1867 he resumed the 
practice of his profession in Bridgeport which he has contin- 
ued until the present time. From 1869 to 1871 he was judge 
of the City Court of Bridgeport. In 1875 and 1883 he was 
representative in the General Assembly. He was city attor- 
ney of the city of Bridgeport in 1880 and 1885. He drew the 
act conferring upon the city court criminal jurisdiction and 
was the first judge of that court after its jurisdiction extended 
to the trial of criminal cases. He was president of the Bridge- 
port Library Association in 1880 and 1881 and was largely 
instrumental in reorganizing that institution into the present 
Bridgeport Public Library and Reading Room, under the act 
of the General Assembly of 1881. He was appointed one of 
the directors of the library and has been continued until the 
present time. He drew the act of incorporation of the 
Mechanics' and Farmers' Savings Bank of Bridgeport and 
procured its passage through the General Assembly in 1871, 
and has since been one of its directors. He drew the amend- 
ment to the city charter dividing the common council into 
two separate boards. He drew the act relating to county 
law libraries and organized the Fairfield County Law Library 
Association and has been a member of its library comniittee 
from its organization to the present time. When he took 
hold of this library it consisted only of a few books given by 
Roger M. Sherman and Judge Butler, but it now contains the 
reports of twelve States complete, besides the United States 
Supreme Court and English common law. 

He married Caroline Amelia Redfield, of Clinton, Conn., 
January 11, 1856, by whom he had two children: Alice Red- 
field, born October 2, 1856, and Lester Burchard, born Sep- 
tember 25, i860. His wife, Caroline A., died November 5, 
1865. He married Lydia Ellen Nelson October i, 1868, and 
their children are: Harriet Eugenia, born August 8, 1869^ 
Lucy Bettie Josephine, born November 19, 1870, and Sidney 
Nelson, born November 14, 1872. 

oiXa-^i^-i-U-. /J , ^Za-t-'f^^.'xj-tJTM^ 

Bridgeport. 909 

Judge Lockwood is of commanding presence, being six 
feet three inches in height and weighing nearly three hundred 
pounds. He is ranked as one of the leading members of the 
Fairfield county bar. Hon. Alfred B. Beers studied law with 
him and upon his admission to the bar in 1871 entered into 
copartnership with his instructor, the name of the firm being 
Lockwood and Beers, which has continued to the present time. 

Frederick J. Lockwood is the owner of one of the 
model residences in the city of Bridgeport, and has granted 
the use of the accompanying cut as a representation of it. It 
is located on West avenue, one of the finest in the city. Mr. 
Lockwood is a young man, a native of Bridgeport, and has 
been connected with the Bridgeport Savings Bank for a num- 
ber of years, being a successful business man. He is the son 
of Mr. Frederick Lockwood, who was in former years engaged 
in the furniture business with Nicholas Northrop and later 
with Nathan Buckingham. 

Frederick J. Lockwood is a descendant, through his 
mother, of Robert McEwen, who came to Stratford, from 
Dundee, Scotland, in 1686, and whose descendants have occu- 
pied very honorable positions in this countrj'. He married 
in 1884 Miss Elizabeth C, daughter of Thomas Cook Warden, 
Jr. They have occupied their residence since it was com- 
pleted in 1885. 

David 31. jRead, merchant and manufacturer in Bridge- 
port, was born at Hoosac Falls, N. Y., and soon after removed 
with his parents to North Adams, Mass., where he was edu- 
cated. His father, Moses Farnam Read, was born in Smith- 
field, R. I., and his ancestors in this country in a direct line 
were as follows: i. Col. Thomas Read, from Hertfordshire, 
England, came to America in 1630 with Winthrop and settled 
at Salem, Mass.; ii. Thomas, son of Col. Thomas, lived in 
Salem, was a captain of the militia ; iii. Jacob, sop of Capt. 
Thomas, born September 7, 1663, married Elizabeth Green, 
and lived in Salem ; iv. Jonathan, the second son of Jacob and 
Elizabeth, was born in Salem, January 12, 1701, and married 
a Hanson ; v. John, son of Jonathan, married also a Hanson ; 
vi. David, son of John, settled in Smithfield, R. L, where his 
son, vii. Moses Farrand Read, was born and where he resided 
until he removed to Hoosac Falls, and from that place soon 

9IO History of Stratford. 

after he removed to North Adams, Mass. He married Sally 
Hopkins and their children were: Charles A., Caroline M., 
Rhoda A. and David M. 

David M. Read became a merchant and manufacturer, as 
described on pages 752 and 53 of this book, having attained as 
a merchant, as well as a manufacturer, the position of the first 
class as to the extent and success of his business. Besides the 
public positions filled by him as indicated on page 753, he was 
a meniber of the Legislature in 1882 and is vice-president of 
the City Savings Bank and a director in the Bridgeport 
National Bank. His residence is on Park avenue and his store, 
occupying the first floors and basement of two buildings in the 
Wheeler block, corner of Fairfield avenue and Main street. 

JUt. James Staples^ son of Capt. Hezekiah and Eliza- 
beth Staples, was born in Swanville, Maine, January 19, 1824. 
He worked on his father's farm until seventeen years of age, 
when he commenced teaching school, and continued in the 
same much of the time until he came to Bridgeport in 1854. 
He engaged first as a lumber merchant, which he pursued 
until 1858, when he changed to the Real Estate business; 
beginning at first in a small way, but with a steady purpose 
of successful work. Soon he added to this Insurance, and in 
1874 the Banking business. He has been a very active officer 
of the Board of Trade from its organization and done much in 
securing and locating many of the manufacturing concerns in 
this city. He has been for many years an active and useful 
member of the Board of Education, giving his time and atten- 
tion freely to the public interests in this important department. 
He is a very busy man, but as such is not an exceptional 
character in the city of Bridgeport, where nearly all, how- 
ever much favored with earthly goods, even in advanced 
years, attend to business and public interest with much faithful 
attention and perseverance. Hence Bridgeport is not an old 
fogy city. * 

Mr. Staples married Harriet H. daughter of Hugh Shirley, 
January 19, 1851, who died April 2, 1852. He married 2d, on 
September 21, 1858, Sarah E. only daughter of Andrew and 
Sarah (Turney) Truby of Bridgeport. They have one child, 
Frank T. Staples, who, with his wife and son, lives in the house 
with his parents, and where his mother was born. 


Bridgeport. 911 

JTon. J>aniel H. SterUng was born July 10, i8i9» 
and departed this life Margh.i, 1877.*' He belonged to one 
of the families most thoroughly identified with Bridgeport 
and the surrounding communities. Jacob Sterling, the first 
of the name in this country, came from England, not far from 
the beginning of the eighteenth century, and located at Haver- 
hill, Mass. That settlement suffered a terrible experience by 
massacre from the French and Indians on the night of the 
29th of August, 1708, by which all but a thirteenth part of the 
population were slaughtered and their village burned. From 
that desolated village young Jacob removed to Lyme, Conn.^ 
and thence to Stratford, bringing all his worldly wealth with 
him — his axe — upon his shoulder. 

He was the son of Daniel and Hannah (Judson) Sterling. 
His mother was the daughter of Col. Agur Judson, of Hunt- 
ington. He was descended from Jacob Sterling, through 
Stephen, Abijah and Daniel. He was fitted for college in the 
school of Rev. Birdsey G. Noble and entered Yale in the class 
of 1839, but changed to Union College, at Schenectady, N. Y., 
and was honorably graduated in 1840. Soon after he entered 
the firm of P. C. Wheeler and Company, wholesale grocers^ 
consisting of Mr. Wheeler and Woolsey G. Sterling. In this 
house Daniel H. became a partner, and upon the decease of 
Mr. Wheeler, in May, 1841, the firm became D. H. Sterling 
and Company. The place of business was on Water at the 
foot of Wall street. It was at the time the leading grocery, 
house of the place. In 1849 his brother retired and D. H, 
Sterling, left alone, engaged in the flour trade. On September 
7, 1854, he was elected a director of the Connecticut Bank and 
continued such until June 5, 1875, when he was elected presi- 
dent of that institution, which position he held at his decease. 
He was also a corporator of the City Savings Bank and one 
of its vice-presidents. 

He was elected mayor of Bridgeport in i860, and reelected 
in 1861 and 1862, and during that time was a thorough Union 
man, sustaining the efforts of the model war governor — Buck- 
ingham, by whom he was highly appreciated. The first steam 

'* Selections from a funeral discourse by the Rev. Charles R. Palmer, deliv- 
ered March 11, 1877. 

^ ! 2 History of Stratford. 

fire engine was introduced during his administration, and is 
yet doing good service, bearing his name — The D. H. Stcfrling, 
No. I. He was also vice-president of the Board of Education 
and chairman of the finance committee. In the years 1848-51, 
in 1853, 1858* 1870 and 1871, he was in the common council, 
and in 1855 and 1859 i" ^^^ board of aldermen. 

He was a valued member of the First Congregational 
Society, acting as committeeman and treasurer for a number 
of years. As a public citizen he was a model man in all the 
walks of life. 

In 1842 he married Miss Maria M. Beck, granddaughter 
of Paul Beck, Jr., of Philadelphia, who still survives him. 

Colonel WUliam JS. Stevenson was born in Bridge- 
port in 1847. H^ is the son of William G. and Lucy T. 
Stevenson. In 1869 he married Mary H., daughter of Wm. 
J. and Mary H. Shelton, and their children are, William 
Shelton, Henry Cogswell, Louis Shelton, and Mary Bell. 

Colonel Stevenson received a good education and was 
fitted for college but did not enter, going into business 
instead. He graduated at Eastman's National Business Col- 
lege, Poughkeepsie, N. Y., with the deg^ree Master of Ac- 
counts, and entered in 1864 the Housatonic Railroad office at 
Bridgeport, where he remained several years, and in 1872 was 
appointed Special Agent of the New York and New Haven 
Railroad, remaining until 1874, when he was appointed Pay- 
master of the New York Central and Hudson River Railroads. 
Here he served for a portion of the year, and in July, 1874, he 
received, the appointment of Superintendent of the Shore 
Line Road, one of the leased lines of the New York, New 
Haven and Hartford Road. This road he continued to man- 
age, bringing it to a high state of efficiency and popularity 
till October, 1882, at which time he was appointed Superin- 
tendent of the New York Division of the New York, New 
Haven and Hartford Railroad. This position he now holds. 
This road is one of the best for its length in the United States, 
and the traffic over it has immensely increased in the last 
quarter of a century. In April, 1875, he was elected a member 
of the Common Council and served upon the Finance Commit- 
tee ; in 1876 he was elected Alderman from his ward and served 
as chairman of the Finance Committee and the Committee of 


Bridgeport. 913 

Ways and Means; he was reelected Alderman in 1877 and 

acted as chairman of the same committees. In the same year 

he was nominated for Representative to the Legislature on 

the democratic ticket, but was defeated by P. T. Barnum, 

republican. In 1878 he was again reelected Alderman and 

chairman of the Finance and Ways and Means Committees. 

In this year, having passed the required examination, he was 

admitted a member of the Fairfield county bar. In 1881 he 

was nominated by the democratic party for Mayor of the 

city, but was defeated. In 1884 he was President of the 

Young Men's Democratic Cleveland and Hendricks Club, 

and took an active part in the campaign. Colonel Stevenson 

was appointed Aidde-Camp, with rank of Captain, on the 

staff of Brigadier-General S. R. Smith, of Connecticut 

National Guard in 1879. He served as Captain till 1884, 

when he was promoted to be Brigade Commissary with the 

rank of Major, on the staff of General Smith. In 1884 he was 

appointed Aid-de-Camp, with rank of Colonel, on the staff of 

Governor Thomas M. Waller. 

Colonel Stevenson is an active and prominent member of 
several societies. He was the third President of the old 
Eclectic Club of Bridgeport, for ten years one of the most 
successful and popular social institutions in the city, and was 
its last President at the time that it wound up its affairs, paying 
every debt and declaring a dividend to members. In 1884, 
after serving in all the lower offices, he was elected Grand 
Master (of the Grand Lodge, Independent Order of Odd 
Fellows) of the State of Connecticut. In 1885 he was elected 
by the Grand Lodge, I. O. O. F., of Connecticut, as Repre- 
sentative to the Sovereign Grand Lodge. In 1886 he was 
appointed General Aid with the rank of Colonel on the staff 
of Lieutcnant-General Underwood of the Military Branch, 
" Patriarchs Militant," of the Order of Odd Fellows. He is 
also a member of the Masonic Order, having joined St. John's 
Lodge, F. and A. M., of this city. 

In 1885 Colonel Stevenson was elected President of the 
Association of "American Railroad Superintendents," and in 
1885 w^s elected a member of the **01d Guard" of New 
York City. In 1885 1^^ was chosen "Exalted Ruler" of the 
Bridgeport Lodge of the Order of Elks. Beside this, he is a 

914 History of Stratford. 

Director in the Railway Telegraph Company, also Director 
in the New York and New Eifgland Railroad Company, and in 
the Bridgeport Board of Trade. He was appointed at the last 
meeting of the Order in Boston — 1886 — Grand Marshal of 
the Sovereign Grand Lodge, jl. O. O. F., of the United States. 
Colonel Stevenson resides on Golden Hill in the brick 
block recently erected on the site of the residence of the late 
Wm. J. Shelton. He has been connected with St John's 
Episcopal Church, and a member of its vestry for many years 
and has been active in its affairs. 

IR^v. Thomas J. Synnott was born in the county of 
Kilkenny, Ireland, in 1818. After the ordinary preliminary 
education, he entered Carlow College, a well known institu- 
tion of Ireland, and there studied for nine years completing 
his theological course. As a student he was noted for the 
thoroughness with which he mastered his subject, and always 
stood high in his class, among whose members was the dis- 
tinguished prelate. Most Rev. Archbishop Ryan, who at 
present so ably governs the Archepiscopal See of Philadel- 
phia, Penn., and between whom and Father Synnott a warm 
friendship sprang up which lasted through life. 

He came to the United States, arriving in Philadelphia 
in the year 1850. Soon after this he was received into the 
diocese of Hartford which at that time included what are now 
the dioceses of Hartford and Providence, and in 185 1 was 
elevated to the priesthood by the Right Rev. Doctor O'Reilly, 
Bishop of Hartford. 

Immediately after his ordination he was attached to St. 
Patrick's Church, Providence,* as assistant to Rev. Father 
Wiley, whom, after about one year, he succeeded as Rector. 

St. Patrick's parish did not long enjoy his rectorship. 
Bishop O'Reilly recognized in the young and zealous priest 
qualities that eminently fitted him for the building up of an- 
other portion of his diocese, and in the month of August, 1852, 
he was transferred to Bridgeport, succeeding Rev. Father 
Lynch as pastor of St. James' Church, which at that time was 
the only Catholic church in this vicinity. It was a brick 
structure situated at the corner of Washington avenue and 
Arch street. The number of parishioners at that time was 


Bridgeport. 915 

about 500. His new field of labor was a place that required 
hard work, and much tact, in the exercise of authority, and 
the reverend gentleman fulfilled the duties of his position to 
the entire satisfaction of his superiors. 

There are some yet living who remember the noble. and 
commanding presence of the young priest who then came to 
dwell among them, and who lately, after over thirty years of 
service, beheld him laid to rest within the shadow of the 
noble edifice reared by his untiring zeal and energy. 

Not only the Catholics of Bridgeport, but also those of 
the surrounding country looked to him for religious instruc- 
tion, and the administration of the Sacraments. East Bridge- 
port, Fairfield, Stratford, Stepney, and other towns enjoyed 
the fruits of his labors, and he was often obliged to travel 
long distances on errands of mercy. Within a short time after 
his arrival he found it necessary to enlarge St. James' Church 
to accommodate his growing flock, and also establish a mission 
church in East Bridgeport, where he erected the building 
known as St. Mary's, situated at the junction of Crescent 
avenue and Church street, and now used as an academy by 
the Sisters of Mercy. 

All this was accomplished within three years. About 
the year 1855 St. Mary's became an independent parish. 

Father Synnott then turned his attention to the building 
of a mission church in the town of Fairfield, and, in a short 
time St. Thomas' was completed. Thus, with rapid strides 
did his energy push forward. 

St. Jauics' Church, although enlarged, had now become 
inadequate for the wants of the parish and the reverend gen- 
tleman directed his efforts to the erection of a suitable edifice, 
and the result of his labors is the beautiful church of St. 
Augustine which now adorns the city, situated on Washing- 
ton avenue. The corner stone of the church was laid August 
28th, 1866, and was dedicated by Right. Rev. Bishop McFar- 
land in June, 1868. 

His next work was the erection of the magnificent struc- 
ture now known as St. Agnes' Convent and situated at the 
rear of the church, which for style of architecture and beauty 
of finish is unexcelled by any building of its kind in the country. 

9i6 History of Stratford. 

Although not entirely finished at the time of his death, 
the work was completed in a most thorough manner by his 
worthy successor, the Rev. M. F. Kelly, and opened as a 
school under the charge of the Sisters of Mercy December 
2 1 St, 1884. 

When prostrated by his last illness he was engaged in 
laying out a tract of land, some forty acres in extent, situated 
in the northern part of the city, which he had donated to the 
church corporation, and which in time will prove a valuable 
acquisition to the parish. 

One of the latest acts of his life was the purchase of the 
Billings homestead, now the pastoral residence. He always 
claimed that the property would not be complete without it, 
and it had long been his desire to secure it. 

Now that he is gone, his judgment is manifest, for, he has 
left a church property which,for worth, beauty and excellence 
of location is unsurpassed by any in the country. 

A more universally respected and dearly beloved pastor 
is seldom found. He had the faculty of attracting to him 
everybody with whom he came in contact, being possessed of 
abundant personal magnetism, whereby, as well as by his 
deeds of charity and sympathy, he endeared himself to many 
outside his congregation. 

On March 17th, 1884, a short timd previous to his death, 
he was presented by his parishioners, in token of their esteem, 
with a beautiful gold chalice, accompanied by a handsomely 
engrossed set of resolutions. 

As a citizen, he was upright, honest, and sincere; as a 
priest, he was a firm upholder of the doctrines of the church 
and always solicitous for the spiritual welfare of his flock. 
The cause of education found in him an earnest champion. 
He was a member of the Board of Education for several 
years, and during that time not only maintained kindly rela- 
tions with his colleagues, but endeared himself alike to teach- 
ers and pupils. 

To meet him socially was a pleasure. A keen observer of 
human character, a gentleman well informed on the leading 
topics of the day. possessing a correct knowledge of the 
affairs of his adopted country, and with a mind enriched by 
extensive travels abroad, his conversation was a source of 

Bridgeport. 917 

entertainment and instruction, to ail those who enjoyed his 
acquaintance. He was also a wise counselor, and his advice 
was frequently sought on matters of importance, and always 
cheerfully given. 

In April, 1883, Father Synnott was taken with a very 
severe attack of pneumonia, from which he never fully recov- 
ered. In April of the following year, he was again taken 
sick, this time with chronic diarrhoea, which resulted in his 
death on Wednesday, April 30th, 1884, aged 66 years. His 
remains, dressed in priestly robe, and enclosed in an elegant 
casket, reposed on a catafalque in the church at the head of 
the main aisle. There, surrounded by beautiful floral ofier- 
ings, with the chalice lately presented to him, clasped in his 
hands, lay the body of the dead priest. During the day and 
night the church was visited by thousands who called to pay 
their last sad respects to one whom they loved and esteemed. 

The funeral service took place on Saturday, May 3d. At 
ten o'clock the church doors were opened, and the vast edifice 
was soon filled. Many persons of note were present, includ- 
ing clergymen of other denominations. The Board of Educa- 
tion attended in a body. At the conclusion of the Mass, the 
Rev. Augustine F. Hcwit, C. S. P., of New York, ascended 
the pulpit and delivered the eulogy, in which he paid an 
eloquent tribute to the memory of his departed friend, whom 
he had known since he came to Bridgeport ; he spoke of his 
exemplary public life, of his stainless character both as a priest 
and citizen, and of the great work he had done for the cause 
of Catholicity and education, — work that will probably stand 
till the end of time. He said : " When we look around us and 
see the great work he has done, we can say it is enough for 
one man, his church will be his monument, with his record 
engraven on marble or stone, it will stand while generation 
after generation passes away, and will be handed down to the 
latest posterity." 

In compliance with a wish expressed by the deceased he 
was buried in the church yard to the right of the main 

This is only a brief outline of the life and labors of the Rev. 
Father Synnott, but doubtless in years to come a more com- 

91 8 History of Stratford. 

plete history of the Catholic Church will be written, when 
justice will be done to the memory of one who has done more 
than any other man to promote the cause of Catholicity in 
this part of the country. 

Curtis T/wmpsan, M.A., was born October 30, 183s. 
in Trumbull, Conn., where his parents, George and Lucy 
Ann (Curtis) Thompson, resided a short time. 

They were both of Stratford birth and the descendants 
respectively of John and Mirable Thompson, and William and 
Elizabeth Curtis, and were related through the intermediate 
ancestors to the Wells, Peck, Blakeman, Booth, Judson, Lewis 
and other old families. 

George was the son of David Thompson and Phebe 
Wells. David was lost at sea in the Brig William of Bridge- 
port in 1 8 10. Phebe was a descendant of Thomas Wells, an 
early governor of Connecticut. 

Lucy Ann was the daughter of Truman and Anna (Peck) 

Curtis Thompson attended the public and private schools 
of Stratford, and after reaching the age of sixteen worked at 
mechanical pursuits and taught school while still pursuing 
his studies with private instructors, and at the Stratford 
academy. While thus engaged he attended the Debating 
Society in Stratford, and with Seymour Wells, Abijah Mc- 
Ewen, Walter Wilcoxson, Oliver Beardslee, Lemuel J. 
Beardsley and others became an active participant in the 
debates. There was in the days of his youth at Stratford a 
library of about 400 volumes of well selected books. John 
Bruce was for a long time the librarian. To this library for 
a small fee he had access, and the opportunity was most dili- 
gently improved for many years. 

The school teachers of that generation in Stratford, as he 
remembers them, were Dr. Lewis, Frederick Sedgwick, 
Hamilton Burton, Peter P. Curtis, George Judson, Miss Jane 
Stillson, Oliver Beardslee, Albert Wilcoxson and others, and 
they will long be remembered for their faithful and intelligent 
work. Oliver Beardslee was a young man of great worth 
and promise ; an enthusiastic student and eloquent debater, 
and of great learning, whose untimely and sudden death cast 
a great gloom over Stratford. 

Bridgeport. 919 

Mr. Thompson afterwards became actively engaged in 
the Bridgeport Debating Society and the Philomathean 
Society, and studied law, with George W. Warner, Esq., and 
D. F. Hollister, Esq., and at the Law Institution of Harvard 
University. He was admitted to the Middlesex county, 
Mass., bar, December 14th, 1863, and to the Fairfield county, 
Conn., bar, April 28th, 1864, and to the United States Courts 
November 2ist, 1870. 

Dr. J. T. Denison, having been elected Judge of Probate 
for the Fairfield District in 1864, he appointed Curtis Thomp- 
son the Clerk of that Court, and for the next four years 
the clerk did most of the Probate business in the dis- 
trict. In 1865, 1866 and 1867, he represented the town of 
Stratford in the General Assembly, serving on the Judiciary 
Committee in 1865, and as chairman thereof in 1866, and as 
chairman of the Committee of Incorporation in 1867. 

Since August, 1865, he has had an office in Bridgeport, 
Conn., and practiced law. In 1868, 1869 and 1872, he was 
Deputy Judge of the City Court of Bridgeport. In 1871 
Yale College conferred on him the degree of Master of Arts. 

In 1872 he was elected Corporator and Trustee of the 
Bridgeport Savings Bank, and ever since has held the same 

In 1874, 1875 and 1876 he was Councilman and Alderman ; 
in 1879. '^^2 and 1886, City Attorney; in 1883, Town Attor- 
ney. He was for many years a director of the old Bridge- 
port Library. He is member of South Congregational Church 
and society (committee for many years). 

In 1867 he was married to Marie Louise Willcox, daugh- 
ter of James and Catharine (Barry) Willcox, of New York 
City. Mr. Willcox was then president of the Willcox and 
Gibbs Sewing Machine Company. Three surviving children 
are: James Willcox, Lucy Curtis and Catharine Barry 

Hon. Ilussell Tofnlinson, son of William and Amy 
(Curtiss) Tomlinson, was born in Southbur}^ Conn., April 5, 
1807, and died April 23, 1885. His father died when he was 
twelve years of age and Russell worked for neighboring 
farmers until he was fifteen, when he went to Amenia, N. Y., 

920 History of Stratford. 

where he worked on a farm in the summer and in a black-* 
smith shop during the winter. From that place he went to 
Salisbury and worked at blacksmithing for two years. About 
the year 1827 he came to Bridgeport and was employed for a 
time by his brother, Stephen Tomlinson, in a small carriage 
shop, for $1.25 a day. Afterwards he was in Columbia, S. C, 
through one winter as foreman of the blacksmith carriage 
shop of I. and L. Shuman. Upon returning to Bridgeport he 
opened a blacksmith shop, where he turned his energies 
chiefly to the making of carriage springs. This was the 
beginning of the extensive manufactory which in late years 
has been known as the Tomlinson Spring and Axle Company. 

When he had accumulated $450— quiie a sum for a young 
mechanic in those days — he removed to Derby and began the 
manufacture of carriages, which he continued three years, 
when on selling his interests there he found himself in pos- 
session of $i4So* He then returned to Bridgeport, purchased 
a steam engine and worked for a year or two making axles 
and sawing timber, when he bought half of his brother's inter- 
est in the carriage manufacturing firm of Tomlinson, Wood 
and Company. Here he continued about fifteen years, during 
which the business largely increased and established a name 
all over the country for manufacturing all descriptions of car* 
riages. From this company he retired, and in the year 1852 
organized the Tomlinson Spring and Axle Company, which 
had a run of great success. 

He was elected president of the Naugatuck railroad 
company in i860, which office he held until 1867, when he 
resigned. In 1863 he was elected representative to the Gen- 
eral Assembly and in 1878 to the State Senate, where he was 
chairman of the State prison committee. He was director of 
the First National Bank of Bridgeport, twenty-one years, 
and vice-president of the People's Savings Bank from 1879 
until his decease, and president of the Mountain Grove Cem- 
etery several years. He was also agent for the Golden Hill 
Indians twenty-four years, or from 1861 until his death. He 
has at different times filled nearly all the offices in the town 
and city government of Bridgeport. He was a thoroughly 
self-made man and owed his success in life to his sagacity and 


Bridgeport. 921 

energy. His character was intensely practical and his tem- 
perament calm and genial. Few men relished better a good 
story, or took more quiet pleasure in cheerful, social conver- 
sation. In politics he was first a Whig, then a very decided 
and earnest Republican. 

He continued active in business to the close of life, and 
his ability, integrity and popularity placed him in the first 
rank of the successful manufacturers and valued citizens of 
New England. 

Mr. Tomlinson married Feb. 10, 1831, Martha M., daughter 
of Capt. Lent M. Hitchcock, who died June 26, 1881. He mar- 
ried, second, Miss Mahalah Bell, in 1882, who still survives him. 

He had three children : Mrs. William D. Bishop, of this 
city, Munson H. Tomlinson, deceased, and Stephen Tomlin- 
son, also of this city. The sons were associated with their- 
father in the Tomlinson Spring and Axle Company. 

H.on. Amos Sherman Treat, son of Daniel A. and 
Almira (Sherman) Treat, was born in Bridgewater, Conn., 
February 5, 1816, being a lineal descendant of Richard Treat, 
one of the patentees in the Colonial charter, and of his son, 
Robert Treat, who was Governor of Connecticut. On the 
maternal side he was descended from Henry Shearman of 
England, who was born about 1490, and whose grandson 
Edmund came to America and was the father of Mr. Samuel 
Sherman, one of the first settlers at Stratford, Conn. 

Gov. Robert Treat was one of the patentees of the town- 
ship of New Milford, and his right of land there descended to 
his grandson, Joseph Treat, Jr., who gave the inheritance to 
his sons, John and Gideon, who settled upon it. Amos S. 
Treat was the grandson of this Gideon, and was raised on the 
old homestead of his grandfather. He prepared for college 
at Hudson, Ohio, and entered Yale College. Afterward he 
taught school in South Carolina, and then in New Jersey. 
He studied law with Hon. Jacob W. Miller of Norristown, 
N. J., and with C. R. Butler of Plymouth, Conn., and was 
admitted to the Litchfield county bar in 1843. He followed 
his profession ten years in Newtown, Conn., where he was a 
member of the Board of Education and took an active part in 
town affairs, being postmaster one year and Judge of Probate 

922 History of Stratford. 

two years, and then, in July, 1854, he came to Bridgeport, 
where he resided, with the exception of the time from May, 
1871, to November, 1874, when he lived in Woodbridge, Conn. 
He was clerk of the Fairfield county court from 1854 to 1859; 
member of the Peace Congress of 1861 ; represented Bridge- 
port in the Legislature in 1858, 1862, 1869 and 1879, and 
Woodbridge in the same body in 1871, 1872 and 1873. He 
was Speaker of the House in 1872, chosen to that position by 
the republican party, of which he was a member from its 
organization. At the close of this session the House presented 
him with a valuable watch and chain as a token of their high 
appreciation of the courteous, proper and impartial manner 
in which he discharged the duties of Speaker. 

In the Masonic fraternity Mr. Treat had taken a promi- 
nent position. He was made a Mason in 1855, and had held 
nearly all the offices of the order, including master. He also 
held nearly all the offices in Hamilton Commandery, in which 
he was created a Knight in 1858, and has been its Eminent 
Commander. He was Grand Commander of the State in 1868 
and 1869. He was a thirty-third degree Mason, which is the 
highest rank in the order, and took an active part in Masonic 
matters to the last. Until his decease Mr. Treat was actively 
engaged in his profession, his later associate being Mr. 
Charles Sherwood of Bridgeport. He was president of the 
Bridgeport Gas Light Company, treasurer of the Bridgeport 
Hydraulic Company, president of the Compressed Paper 
Box Company, a director in the "Standard Association" 
since its organization, and a stockholder in several other in* 
dustrial concerns. He possessed considerable wealth, and 
with his family took every opportunity for social enjoyment. 

Mr. Treat was a man of fine judicial mind ; was an able 
lawyer and counselor, and his advice was widely sought. He 
was a republican and an astute politician, with views which 
were far-reaching and nearly always based upon sound prem- 
ises. He was a strong and persistent opponent and a firm 
and reliable friend, and although shunning everything like 
ostentatious charity, he did many good works. He assisted 
many young business men at a time when their need was 
great and their friends few. He was a member of the North 


Bridgeport. 923 

Congregational Society and a regular attendant for many 
years at that church. 

He married Miss Mary Clark, daughter of Treat Clark, 
of Woodbridge, Conn., December 15, 1869, who survives 
him with a daughter, Mary Clark Treat. He died April 
24, 1886. 

Colo'ixel TJionias LansdeU Watson was born at 
Bridgeport, Conn., December 13th, 1847. His father was 
William Lansdell Watson, M.D., a graduate of the University 
of Baltimore, Md. His mother was Jeannette Nichols of 
Bridgeport, descended from the Nicholses of Greenfield 
Hill. Thomas L. Watson was educated at Bridgeport and 
at the Military Institute at New Milford, with a view to 
West Point, which, owing to a temporary incapacity, was 
given up. His business career began as a clerk in the Far- 
mer's Bank of Bridgeport ; from there he went to the City 
National Bank, and left this to become a partner in the pri- 
vate banking and brokerage business with the late Daniel 
Hatch. The firm began Nov. ist, 1866, as Hatch and Watson, 
and has been continued since the death of Mr. Hatch b}' Col; 
Watson as T. L. Watson & Co. Col. Watson extended his 
business to New York City in 1879 ^"d became head of the 
firm of Watson & Gibson, which firm is in successful opera- 
tion. Col. Watson has held positions of responsibility and 
trust both in Bridgeport and New York. He was treasurer 
of the Building Fund of the new St. John's Church, and for 
many years has been a member of the vestry of that church. 
He has been a director in the City National Bank, Auditor of 
the City Savings Bank and treasurer of the Board of Trade. 
Since the completion of the Boston and New York Air Line 
Railroad he has been a director and secretary of that road. 
He is also a director of the American Loan and Trust Com- 
pany of New York City. 

Col. Watson has for several years been a director in the 
Consolidated Stock and Petroleum Exchange of New York, 
and its predecessors. Chairman of its Finance Committee, 
and one of its Vice Presidents. Since Jan. 1885, he has been 
President of the Fairfield County Agricultural Society. He 

924 History of Stratford. 

is President of a Gas Company, and a Water Company, in 
Illinois, and of a Gas Co. in New York. He accepted the 
position of Paymaster on the staff of R. B. Fairchild, Colonel 
of the. 4th Reg. Conn. National Guard, and was commissioned 
Lieutenant in that position, May 28th, 1877. He was pro- 
moted Aid-de-Camp to Gen. S. R. Smith, commanding the 
C. N. G., and commissioned Captain, July 6, 1878. He was 
promoted to be Brigade Quartermaster with rank of Major, 
Jan. 30th, 1879, ^"d elected Colonel of the 4th Regiment, 
C. N. G., which commission, bears, date April 23d, 1884. He 
is senior Colonel in the Connecticut National Guard, and was 
specially active in securing the present fine armory accom- 
modations in Bridgeport. Col. Watson was tendered the 
position of Adjutant General of Connecticut by Governor 
Lounsbury, but declined the honor, preferring, his earnest 
work of maintaining the high standard of excellence in his 
regiment. In politics he is a republican and has declined 
nominations to public office on several occasions. He is a 
member of the Union League and other leading New York 
Clubs. He lives in his handsome residence at Black Rock, and 
although having business connections in New York, is thor- 
oughly identified with Connecticut interests. 

Colonel Watson married May 4th, 1874, Alice Cheever 
Lyon, youngest daughter of the late Hanford Lyon, Esq., of 
Bridgeport. They have two children, Alice Lyon and Arthur 
Kent Watson. 

Andrew L^ Winton was born in Bridgeport, Conn., 
November 20, 1822, from which place he went to Weston in 
1836 and remained on a farm, working summers and attending 
school at Weston academy winters. At the age of nineteen 
he taught school and two winter seasons afterwards. When 
twenty-two he engaged in a store with his brother at Easton 
and the next spring started a store for himself, on temperance 
principles, at a place called the ** Devil's Den," on account of 
the intemperance in the place, and succeeded in business, 
leaving the place at the end of eight years without a grog 
shop in it, and went to Saugatuck, where, in 1853, he built a 
store and residence, and after continuing business thirteen 

Bridgeport^ 925 

years sold out and left Saugatuck with about $25,000. While 
at that place he was induced to take charge of a flouring mill 
about two miles above Westport, which he run successfully 
for three years. In 1863 he came to Bridgeport and pur- 
chased the Berkshire Mills, which were then very much in 
want of repairs. He at once commenced the work of im- 
provement and is still at it, with good success in several 

A custom grist-mill was built in 1783 by William Pixlee 
and James French on the east side of the river, and in 1792 
secured to them by charter, biit that was afterwards bought 
by a Mr. Penny, who built the present mill on the west side 
and did a large trade in kiln dried meal for the West Indies. 
The mill then passed into the hands of General Enoch Foote, 
who continued the same business for a number of years. 
Then James Porter bought the property and while he owned 
it the dam and the east side mill went off in a flood. The 
dam was rebuilt but not the east side mill. The mill was 
afterward owned by Anson Ryan, then Wasson and Craft, 
then Ryan and Wells, and in 1863 passed into the hands of 
the present owner. 

Mr. Winton has been a member of the Congregational 
church since 1842, and served as deacon at Westport. He 
has. two sons: the eldest, David Terry Winton, is now the 
editor and publisher of a local newspaper at Hanover, Michi- 
gan, and Andrew Lincoln Winton, who was graduated at the 
high school in Bridgeport and at the Sheffield Scientific 
School of Yale College in 1884, and at once received an 
appointment at the State Agricultural Experiment Station in 
New Haven, where he is now engaged, having been promoted. 

Nathaniel Sherwood Wordin, son of Thomas C. and 
Ann (Sherwood) Wordin, was born July 12, 1813, in the house 
now standing on the corner of State street and West avenue, 
then the old Wordin homestead. He attended the district 
school; the house, then an octagonal building, stood where is 
now the harness manufactory of Wills and French ; the Rev. 
Asa Bronson being the teacher, and also the pastor of the 
Stratfield Baptist Church, who drove from his home every 
morning, bringing a bundle of new whips, which he freely 

926 History of Stratford. 

used during the day ; and taking his dinner at the " Bull's 
Head Hotel" across the way from the school house. Though 
severe in discipline he frequently gave certificates of credit to 
his pupils. The following is one given to young Wordin : 

** The bearer of this humble scroll 
For good behavior while at school! 
Must have that praise which is his due 
From Parents, friends and Teacher, too. 

Asa Bronson." 

It was while young Wordin was at school that the brick 
structure was taken down, and the wooden building, remem- 
bered by many, built in its place ; and this enlarged school 
had the dignity of two departments ; that of the boys taught 
by Rev, Mr. Wilcox, and the girls by Miss Lydia Ward. 
Mr. Wordin next attended the Easton Academy, taught by 
the Rev. Nathaniel Freeman, pastor of the Congregational 
Church. He then, at the age of fifteen, became a clerk in his 
father's drug store, on State street, which store was used in 
that business by different parties until 1879, when Mr. F. S. 
Stevens removed from it to Main street. 

At the age of twenty-one Mr. Wordin became partner 
with his father in the store, and soon after assumed full con- 
trol of it, the father giving his attention to his farm and his 
Norwalk flouring mills. On May 29, 1839, ^^ married Fanny 
Augusta, youngest daughter of Doctor Frederick Leaven- 
worth of Waterbury. They have had five children, one of 
whom died at the age of three years. 

Mr. Wordin's drug store was the focal point for calls by 
physicians out of town, and sea-faring men needing medicines. 
He prepared medicine chests, with a little book, giving the 
name, dose and purpose of each drug, which eafned for the 
druggist quite a reputation and the title *' Doctor." Needing 
more room he contracted for the erection of a building on 
Water street, a portion of which is now occupied by Liebrum 
Brothers for a salesroom, and the upper part of it was used 
as a ball-room, called Wordin's Hall. 

About 1850, he retired from active business, leaving the 
interests of the store to his brother, Thomas C. Wordin, and 
since that time has enjoyed the quietness of his home, yet by 
no means an inactive man. 


Bridgeport. 927^ 

He was for a time treasurer and one of the directors of 
the Bridgeport Mutual Savings Bank and Building Associa- 
tion ; and also, director in the Farmer's Bank, now the First 
National, from 1854 to 1859. He was an incorporator and 
one of the first depositors of the Bridgeport Savings Bank, 
his deposit book being No. 10. He was also an incorporator 
of the Farmer's and Mechanics Savings Bank. He held the 
position of City Treasurer during the years 1841 to 1845, and 
of Assessor from 1859 ^^ 1862, and from 1867 to 1868. In 1848, 
he numbered the houses of the city in obedience to the Com- 
mon Council. In the militia he was commissioned, Septem- 
ber 6, 1836, Surgeon's Mate in the 4th Regiment Light Artil- 
lery, by Colonel George Robbins. In music, his talent was 
largely, and advantageously to the public, exercised in the 
organization, November 11, 1852, and continuation of the 
Bridgeport Musical Society, of which he was the secretary. 

He had a fine tenor voice, played the flute and violin, 
and double bass-viol, and was for many years the leader of 
the choir of the First Congregational Church, and made for 
their use a choice collection of sacred music, transcribed from 
the best authors with his own hand. He still holds the fol- 

"Mr. Daniel Sterling, Treasurer of the Stratfield Congregational Society, wo 
hereby recommend that you pay to Mr. Nathaniel S. Wordin the sura of Twenty 
Dollars out of the money collected by contributions in aid of the Choir, it being 
for a Balance due him in the purchase of the Double Bass-Viol. 

I. Sherman, 
Isaac M. Conklin, 
** Sept. as, 1839. Society's Committee." 

He united with the First Congregational Church in 1831, 
and is the oldest male member now living. He was chosen 
clerk of the Society in 1834, and filled that office with great 
faithfulness over fifty years, and in more than fifty meetings 
during that time he did not fail of being present to call the 
assembly to order, while his penmanship, in elegance and cor- 
rectness for that length of time, is probably unequaled in the 
county. But, having been seriously affected with apoplexy 
in February, 1885, he resigned this place of benevolent service. 
Few men are more skillful with the pen and brush than he. 

928 History of Stratford. 

Drawing with India ink and a crayon was a favorite amuse- 
ment to him, and the walls of his house are ornamented with 
oil paintings of his own execution. For one of these paintings 
he was awarded a prize at the State fair held in this city. 
The monument which he has erected in Mountain Grove 
Cemetery was modeled by himself and was one of the first 
erected there. 

ThonuM Cook Wordin, son of William, Jr., and 
Dorcas (Cook) Wordin, was bom in 1787, in a house that 
stood on the northeast corner of State street and Park 
avenue ; the whole square running north to Fairfield avenue 
and east to the eastern boundary of Mr. N. S. Wordin's 
present residence on State street, being owned by his grand- 
father, Capt. William Wordin, who was a soldier in the Revo- 
lution, and which land he purchased in 1772, it being the first 
he bought in the town of Stratford. 

When quite a lad Thomas C. became a clerk in the drug 
store of Samuel Darling of New Haven, and when twenty-one 
years of age he commenced the same business in this city 
occupying during all his active life a store located just west 
of the post office on State street, Samuel Kirtland's tailor 
establishment being next door west of him and Jesse Ster- 
ling's dry goods store the second. Some persons will remem- 
ber the quaint business sign over the door — a female figure 
holding the scales, weighing the drugs. 

This store was built by Mr. Wordin about 1816. The 
entire block, extending to the corner of Main street, was 
erected by a company, each one of five paying for his own 
portion. The land was hired from Squire Peet who lived on 
the site of the present post office. The leases were renewed 
every ten years, and when the occupant desired no longer to 
renew, Mr. Peet was, by the terms arranged, obliged to take 
the building at an appraised value. 

In an advertisement in an old Bridgeport "Advertiser," 
dated October 13, 1808, "notice" is give that "Samuel Dar- 
ling having entered into partnership with Thomas C. Wordin," 
the latter would attend to the business in Bridgeport and the 
former in New York, by which " it is expected they will be 
able to afford articles in their line much lower than can be 

([f, /%V"^»1^ 

Bridgeport. 929 

sold by any other in the place, or in Connecticut ;" and that 
they ** are now opening, and offer for sale, a fresh assortment 
of Medicine and Paints.*' He was successful in business,, 
but always attributed this success to "his strictly upright 
and honest intentions," yet it is freely reported by those who 
knew him well that he was one of the most far-sighted and 
prompt business men of his day. Some very interesting 
anecdotes are told of him in the purchasing of goods just 
before the price went up to a high figure. He made no osten- 
tatious appearance, any more than some of his descendants^ 
Being in Boston at a large sale of opium, when that drug was 
scarce, the other buyers on consultation agreed to let him 
bid off the article rather than run it up to a high figure, as he 
would want — as they supposed from his appearance — only a 
little of it, and then they would take the greater part of it, to 
relieve him and so purchase for less money. After the sale 
one approached ** the little country Doctor" with the inquiry,, 
"how much will you take of the drug?" ** I will take the 
whole," said he. 

He married Ann, daughter of Philemon Sherwood, in 1812. 
About the close of the War of 18 12-14, he left his wife and infant 
son for a trip to Boston on the sloop Othello commanded by 
Capt. Joel Thorp. They were captured by the British, and 
he had much difficulty in being released and returning home. 
His money, in notes, which he had concealed in his stockings, 
was ground into pieces. While he was gone, his wife becom- 
ing alarmed at the frequent reports that the British had landed 
to pillage Bridgeport, took her infant son before the morning 
dawn and walked to her father's house, a distance of nearly 
three miles. That infant is now Mr. Nathaniel S. Wordin of 
State street. 

Thomas C. Wordin was trained up in, and believed in 
Puritanical ideas, and his integrity, high personal honor, and 
unpretending life, were the consequences. 

He was the owner of the Norwalk flouring mills, and 
after some years he remodeled them for grinding spices, and 
the first ground spices in the market in this vicinity were from 
his mills. He offered two thousand dollars towards establish- 
ing a green or public square west of Courtland street, but the 

930 History of Stratford. 

offer was not acted upon. He died November 20, 1852, aged 
65 years. His children were: Nathaniel Sherwood; Susan, 
who married Charles Kelsey ; Lucy, who married E. S. Haw- 
ley ; Ann B., who married Deacon John W. Hincks ; Caro- 
line, who married W. W. Naramore; Thonjas C, who married 
Betsey A. Plumb; Elizabeth; and four that died in child- 

Peter W. Wren was born in New: York City August 
20th, 1847. By trade a printer, he became a resident of 
Bridgeport in 1870, organizing the firm of McMahon and 
Wren, wholesale Wine and Whisky Merchants. Starting in 
a small way and with limited capital, the firm by fair dealing, 
strict attention to business, and rare business qualifications, 
has built up a trade second to none in our State. Mr. 
Wren was elected a member of the Bridgeport Board of 
Education in 1881, and is still a member of the same body, 
having served as chairman of the Committee on Schools for 
several years to the entire satisfaction of the Board and of our 
citizens. In 1882 he was elected Representative to the 
General Assembly, and served with credit on the Finance 
Committee of the House. In 1885 he was elected President 
of the Board of Public Works, a new organization taking the 
place of the former board known as the Road and Bridge 
Commission, and the work of the new board, for complete- 
ness, efficiency and economy, merited and received the com- 
mendations of every citizen. He is a director of the Pequon- 
nock National Bank. In politics he is a democrat and in 
religion is a member of the Sacred Heart Roman Catholic 
Church. In public, as well as private business, Mr. Wren 
merits the reputation which he has gained of sound judgment, 
capacity and enlightened public spirit. 

In 1869 he married Hannah M. Carey, of New Haven, 
Conn., and they have five children : Marion, George, Fred- 
erick, Sarah and Peter W. His residence is 322 State street. 

Col. Samuel B. Suinner is a native of Great Barring- 
ton, Mass. His father was Increase Sumner, for a long time 
a leading lawyer in Western Massachusetts, for many years 
District Attorney for the District comprising the four western 
counties, several times a member of the Legislature in both 
branches, and once the Democratic candidate for Congress. 
At his decease he was Jud^e of the District Court for South- 
ern Berkshire. 

Col. Sumner's maternal grandfather was Hon. Samuel 
Barstow, M.D., a prominent physician in Great Barrington, 
after whom he was named. 

After preparatory studies at Great Barrington and Lenox 
Academies, he entered Williams College where he was grad- 
uated in 1849, and ^'^ ^^5^ ^^ ^^^ admitted to the bar .in Berk- 
shire County, where he commenced law practice in company 
with his father. 

He was Postmaster at Great Barrington during the Pierce 
and Buchanan administrations, and in i860 was State Senator 
from the South Berkshire District, comprising the. seventeen 
towns south of Pittsfield. 

In 1862 he enlisted in the 49th Regiment,' Mass. Volun- 
teers; was Captain of a company and afterwards promoted to 
the Lieutenant-Colonelcy of the Regiment. He was wounded 
by a bullet in the shoulder at the assault on Port Hudson, La., 
on May 27, 1863. 

Returning from the war he removed to Bridgeport where 
he had married his wife, and resumed practice of the law. 
He has been several times City Attorney, once City Judge, 
and for four years Judge of Probate. For six years he was 
law-partner of Judge Sidney B. Beardsley, the firm being 
Beardsley & Sumner. 

He was appointed Clerk of the Courts, Supreme and 
Superior, for Fairfield County in 1884, which office he now 

Col. Sumner is widely known as a poetic orator on pub- 
lic occasions, and in conjunction with his brother, Ex-Con- 
gressman Charles A. Sumner, of California, published a vol- 
ume of poems in 1877, which has, since that time, passed 

through enlarged editions. Some of these poems have been 
delivered on special occasions of such interest as to become 
of historical value in the future. 

He is a member of the Elias Howe, Jr. Post of the Grand 
Army, and honorary member of the Society of the Army of 
Potomac, before which he delivered the poem at the Annual 
Re-union at Hartford in 1881. He has been Noble Grand of 
Arcanum Lodge, I. O. O. F., and has been W. M. of Cincin- 
natus Lodge of the F. and A. M. of Great Barrington three 
years, and three years Eminent Commander of Hamilton 
Commandery of the Knights Templars. 

Col. Sumner married in 1855, Georgiana Davis of Bridge- 
port, recently deceased. He has a son, Edward Stewart 
Sumner, a lawyer, and three daughters, one the wife of C. C. 
Godfrey, M.D., and all are residents of Bridgeport. 

Bridgeport. , 


Old Militia Records, 1817 to 184.7. 

From the Orderly Book for the Fifth Company, First JEiegintent, 
lAght ArtiUery, Bridgeport, Conn., in possession of the Fairfield County 
Historical Society, we extract the following muster roll for September i, 1817': 

John Fayerweather,. Captain. 

Stephen Hawley ist Lieut. 

Vacant 2d " 

Charles Foote, ist Sergt. 

Albert E. Sherwood, 2d 

James French. Jr., .-.3d 

Philip P. Porter 4th 





Alanson F. Lewis ^..istCorpl. 

Solomon Curtis, Jr., 2d 

Siarr Peck.. 3d 

Peter C. Pixlcy, 4th 

Arnold Hurd FIfer. 

David Hubbell, Drummer. 




Ephraim French, Jr. 
Lewis W. Hubbell. 
Wakeman Hull. 
Mitchel C. Peet. 
Sterling Hiill. 
Lemuel Hubbell. 
Joel Mitchel. 
Judson Curtis, Jr. 
Johnson Tuttle. 
Joseph E. Mallet. 
David Mallet, 3d. 
Asa French. 

Josiah M. Nichols. 
Henry Judson. 
David Judson. 
Philo Nichols. 
Anson Beardslee. 
Morriss Piatt. 
Roswell S. Nichols. 
Eli Curtis. 
Ezra Wheeler. 
David Fayerweather. 
Bill W. Pcct. 
Charles Sherwood. 

Samuel Peet. 
Plumb Nichols. 
Burton Gray. 
Joseph Silliman. 
Daniel Bulkley. 
Levi Turney. 
Abijah Morehouse. 
Alvin Curtis. 
Oliver L. Beardslee. 
Elijah Peet, Jr. 
Daniel O. Wheeler. 

From the same record under date of May 5, 1823, we find the following roll of 

•officers and men : 

Charles Foote, 

Albert E. Sherwood,. 

Philip P. Porter 

Peter C. Pixlcy, 

James A. Clifford,... 

Alpha Carrier. 
Alfred Turney. 
Asa French. 
Alvin Curtis. 
Anson Hawley. 
Agur Pixice. 
Bill W. Peet. 
Charles Sherwood. 
Charles Wakley. 
Charles L. Nichols. 
Charles Hubbell. 
Charles Crocker. 
Chauncey Lum. 
David Mallett, 3d. 
David C. Booth. 
Daniel O. Wheeler. 

..1st Lieut. 
.2d " Sergt. 
.2d •• 

David I. Hawley. 
Ezra Peet. 
Elijah Peet. 
Epraim Middlebrook. 
Epraim French, Jr. 
Ezra Wheeler. 
Ezra Morehouse. 
Fitch Taylor. 
Gideon Thompson. 
George W. Lewis. 
Henry Judson. 
Hanford Lyon. 
Hal pin Blake. 
Ira Curtis. 
Ira Bliss. 
Joel Mitchel. 

Isaac E. Beach, 3d Sergt. 

William B. Thomas 4th " 

Beard Blackman, Fifer. 

Ellas Hodge, Drummer. 

Nathaniel B. Booth, 

John Lyon. 
John W. Beardsley. 
Josiah Hubbell. 
Lewis Turney. 
Lewis W. Hubbell. 
Lewis Fitch (removed). 
Moses Piatt. 
Monson Seeley. 
Mitchel C. Peet. 
Roswell Scelcy. * 
Stephen Hull, Jr. 
Wakeman Hull. 
Wm. H.Youngs(removed). 
Lemuel Hubbell \ Rem. to 
David Hubbell V other 
Sterling Hull ) comp*y. 


History of Stratford. 

With September 17, 1825, the Orderly Book for the Fifth Company, First 
Regiment, Light Artillery, ceases, and that of the Second Company, Fourth 
Regiment, lAght AvHttery, Bridgeport, commences. . 

The first entries are May 24, 1826, and Peter C. Pixley is Captain, Daniel B. 
Oviatt, ist Lieutenant, and Ellas A. Hall, sd Lieutenant, 

In 1830, September ix, we find the following full muster roll of Second Com- 
pany, Fourth Regiment : 

Nelson Burroughs, .Captain. 

George Robbins xst Lieut. 

Shelton B. Stratton, ad *' 

Henry W. Stillman ist Sergt. 

Ira Bartram ad 

Harry Bray, 3d 

Charles A. Turney, 4th 

John Tucker ist Corpl. 




Divine Chatfield ad CorpL 

Bard Blakeman, Fifer. 

William Thompson, ** 

Frederick W. Parroti....... Drummer. 

Frederick Lathrop, ** 

David Beach Bass drummer. 

Madison A. Treat '* 


Asa French. 
Anson Hawley. 
Alfred, Hawiey. 
Benjamin Lewis. 
Charles W. Lewis. 
Caleb Tomlinson. 
Charles H. Wakley. 
David Middlebrooks. 
David Meeker. 
Ezra Peet. 
Elijah Peet. 
Ezra Wheeler. 


Harpin Blake. 
John W. Beardsley. 
John Hall. 
James H. WInton. 
Justus Allen. 
John Hayes. 
James Downs. 
Jeduthan Thompson. 
John Barton. 
Lewis Turney. 
Lewis Burr. 
Lorrin Nichols. 

Ezra D. Smith. 

Monson Smith. 
Robert Turney. 
Sidney N. Lewis. 
Seth L. Stratton. 
William E. Ells. 
George Crawford. 
Elbert Hawley. 
Burton Gray. 
Charles H. Peck. 
Elam Nichols. 
William M. Dunning. 
John E. Chatfield. 

Roswell Seeley. | Munson Seeley. | William Ward. 

Ten years later, September 7, 1840, we find the following muster roll of the 
Second Company, Fourth Regiment, Light Artillery, of Bridgeport : 

Officers and Men. 

Aaron B. B. Downs, ist Lieut. 

Ira W. Peet ad " 

Fenelon Hubbell, ist Sergt. 

Thomas StUIman, ad ** 

Sheldon Beach 3d Sergt 

Moses O. Banks, ist Corpl. 

John J. Stillman, ad " 

Bryant Parrott, Drummer. 

Elbert Hawley. 
Henry Hurd. 
Johnson Hayes. 
Roswell Whiting. 


Sherwood Stratton. 
George B. Smith. 
William G. Nichols. 
Abija L. Peet. 

Matthew Lord. 
Payton R. Bishop. 
William Blake. 
James Robertson. 





Benjamin W. Ward 

(not warned). 
Stephen S. Sterling 
Morris Crawford 
Fredcriclc N. Hurd 
Benjamin Lewis (sick). 
Charies N. Olmstead 

(not warned). 
David Middlebroolc " 
Ephraim C. Young (fined). 
J ames Downs(not warned). 
John Stevenson " 



Robert J. Mills 

(not warned). 
George M. Benjamin " 
Chauncey Keeler 
Wm. M. Dunning 
Silliclc Nichols 
Sidney N. Lewis (fined). 
Benjamin Stilhnan 

(not warned). 
Tames H. Winton 
Jarvis Poll/ 
Edward Jones 








Abijah Taylor 

(not warned). 
Sheldon H. Nichols *« 
John Parrott 
William Squires 
John G. Taylor 
Christopher Beardsley 
William L. Wheeler " 
Nathan B. Abbott " 
JohnW.Beardsle3r(fined 35) 
Alanson Beardsley 
Charles W. Lewis 







Passing down to 1843, on May ist we find the following roll of officers and 
men who "appeared at the usual place of parade and were inspected :" 

Fenelon Hubbell Captain. 

Thomas U. Stiliman ist Lieut. 

George B. Smith ad " 

William B.Johnson, 3d Sergt. 

John F. Bartlelt, 4th " 

George Goulden, .ist Corpl. 

Matthew Lord. 
Hezakiah Lockwood. 
Peyton R Bishop. 


John Stevenson. 
William G. Nichols. 
Bryant Parroll. 

Abraham Couch. 

Curtis Ritch. 
Thomas Lewis. 
Fred. G. Schut*. 

On May 5, 1845, the following is the entry for the parade of that date: 

Fenelon Hubbell, 

Thomas U. Stellman, 

G. B. Smith, 


1st Lieut. 


Frederick Stiliman...... 2d Sergt. 

John F. Barllctt 3d " 

Hezckiah Lockwood. 
Abraham Couch. 
Thomas Lewis. 
Rodney N. Burrett. 
Burritt W. Humiston. 

Wilson Beardsley. 
Elias N. Plumb. 

Curtis Ritch. 

James Parkcrlon. 
Frederick G. Schultz. 


Andrew Holste. 
William £. Johnson. 
Edgar Blake. 
Levi Silliman. 
Levi H. Hubbell. 

Clark Scclcy. 
William Seeley. 

I Henry B. Seeley. 


Lemuel B. Sherman. 
Wakcman W. Wells. 
Bryant Parrott (drummer). 

Barzila Banks. 
Wheeler Beers. 
Abmham Hendrickson. 
William N. Bartrom. 
George Goulden. 

Lewis M. Seeley. 

I Peyton R. Bishop. 

Lemuel Wilklns. 
Henry Kimball. 



History of Stratford. 

The last master roll is in 1847, under date of October 191b, and is as follows : 

Silas D. Baldwin, Capuin. 

Jobn F. Bartlett, ist Lieut 

Leri G. Sllllnian sd *« 

Wbeeler Beers, jd ** 

Wakeman W. Wdls, ist SergL 

Ljuian B. Munson, ** 

Theodore Skidmore,.... 3d ** 

Samuel W, Reemer,... 4tb ** • 

Baralla Banks. 
Abraham Couch. 
Leri H. Hubbell. 
Henry Hubbell. 

Heniy Kimball. 
Thomas Lewis. 
Clark Seeley. 
Lewis N. Seeley. 

Wilson Beardslej. 

William Seelejr. 
Ellas N. Plumb. 
Geoige N. Morehouse. 
William Bartram. 

We cannot leave this very valuable old miiilary relic and interesting historical 
record without transcribing from the last page the following, which tells the story 
of its rescue and preservation : 

VThis book was purchased from a dealer in paper stock by J. S. Hanover in 
the year 1866. and preserved by him until its presenution to the Fairfield Histor- 
ical Society, August 8, 1882.— J. S. H." 

From the ** Inspection Return" of the " Republican Grays," the Third Flank 
Company of the Fourth Regiment of Infantry, Bridgeport. 1839," we make the 
following abstract : 

Officers and Men^-Names and Hank, 


James Sacket Captain. 

Monson H. Hyde, ..Lieut. 

Charles B. Hubbell Ensign. 

Stiles Hurd Sergt. 

David Falconer '* 

Seymour Whiting, 

Charles Edwards. 
Charles Waterbury. 
Charles Wordin. 
Jesse Bradley. 
Sherman Wood. 
Henry Hill. 

William E. Booth Sergt. 

David Hull, Corpl. 

Charles B. Nichols, " 

A. C. Higgins •• 

Henry Hinman, ............ " 

William Beebe. 
William Shelton. 
George Hyde. 
Jacob Gumsey. 
Theodore Burr. 
Henry Booth. 

James Pennoyer. 

Edward Taylor. 
Charles Spinning. 
Edward Crocker. 
Edward Nichols. 
Edward Smith. 
Henry Hall. 

The abstract of the return shows i captain, i lieutenant, i ensign, 4 sergeants, 
4 corporals, i drummer, i fifer, i bugler, and 30 privates, in all 34 (present and 
absent). Also, 18 uniforms, 3 swords, 20 muskets, 20 bayonets, 20 cartridge 
boxes, 20 bayonet scabbards and belts, no spare flints, 20 priming wires, no 
powder horns, loose balls, pouches or knapsacks. A most formidable showing. 

ElioA Howe, Jr.f JPost, No. 3, O. A. B.,^ I>epartfneni of Con^ 
necticiiU — From records compiled by George W. Keeler, of Elias Howe, Jr., 

** No correct list of the soldiers in the late Rebellion is to be had. A list 
corrected and published by the State will soon be given to the public. In view 
of these facts only the record of the Grand Army of the Republic In the Post at 
Bridgeport is given. 

Bridgeport. 935 

Post, No. 3, G. A. Rm it is sliown tliat a convention of tlie delegates representing 
the Posts of the Grand Army of the Republic organiied in the State of Connecti- 
cut, was held at Hartford, April 11, 1867, at which time a permanent department 
of the order was organized, to be known as the I>epartfnent of Connecticutf 
Grand Army of the HepuMic, Edward Harland, of Norwich, being elected 
Grand Commander. The department was divided into four districts, similar in 
extent with the Congressional districts of the State. District No. 4 was placed 
under command of Gen. Wm. H. Noble, of Post No. 3, who appointed as his 
assistant Adjutant General Captain William L. Hubbell, and as A. Q. M. G., 
S. M. Nichols, also members of Post No. 3. 

The charter of Post No. 3 was granted and dated April 15, 1867, with the 
following named veterans as thartermevibers : AVilliam H. Noble, James E. Dun- 
ham, Albert W. Peck, J. R. Cumming, William H. Lacey, E. A. Stebbins, 
S. M. Nichols, Samuel E. Blinn, Wheeler Hawley, H. L. Cowles. On April 25, 
1867, the above named comrades met in Gen. William H. Noble's office (Sturde- 
vant building), and post No. 3 was duly organized by Gen. William H. Noble, 
commanding the fourth district of the department. 

At this meeting the following officers were elected to serve until election, to 
take place in July, 1867: James E. Dunham, Post Commander; William H. 
Lacey, S. V. Commander; J. R. Cumming, M.D., J. V. Commander; Albert W. 
Peck, Adjutant ; Philip B. Segee, Quartermaster; J. R. Cumming, M.D., Surgeon. 

S. M. Nichols was appointed Officer of the Day; Samuel £. Blinn was ap- 
pointed Officer of the Guard ; S. W. Hawley, sentinel at the outpost ; J. V. Com- 
mander, sentinel on duty at the reserve. 

July, 1867, following comrades wore elected officers for ensuing six months: 
James E. Dunham, P. C; William H. Lacey, S. V. C; Henry L Coles, J. V. C; 
Albert W. Peck,*' Adj.; Philip B. Segee, Q. M.; J. R. Cumming, M.D., Surgeon ; 
William H. May, Chaplain. 

January. 1868, following comrades were elected officers for ensuing six months : 
Samuel E. Blinn, P. C; Alfred B. Beers, S. V. C; John M. Speidel, J. V. C; John 

G. Stephens, Adj.; George A. Staples, Q. M.; A. D. Powers, Surgeon ; , 


W. W. Pardee appointed Officer of the Day ; C. F. Hall was appointed 
Officer of the Guard. 

June 25, 1868, following comrades were elected officers for ensuing six months : 
Samuel E. Blinn, P. C; Alfred B. Beers, S. V. C: John M. Speidel," J. V. C; 
John G. Stevens, Adj.; George A. Staples, Q. M.; Gustave Ohnesorg, M.D., Sur- 
geon ; George A. Parkington, Chaplain ; William F. Daly, Sergt. Major ; William 
H. Bowman, Q. M. Sergt. 

December, 1868, following comrades were elected officers for six months 
ensuing: Alfred B. Beers, P. C; Henry L. Sturges, S. V. C; George A. Staples, 
J. V. C; Rod S. Beers, Adj.; C. F. Hale, Q. M.; A. H. Abernathy, Surgeon ; 
George A. Parkington, Chaplain ; William E. Disbrow, Sergt. Major ; L. M. 
Louvelle, Q. M. Sergt. 

'* A. W. Peck resigned as Adjutant and J. G. Stevens appointed in place. 

** J. M. Speidel resigned as J. V. C. July 23, 1868, and H. L Sturges elected 
August 6, 1868. 

936 History of Stratford. 

Janier Boswonb wai appointed Officer of the Day ; Stolpher was ap- 
pointed Officer of the Guard. 

June 84, 1869, the following comrades were elected officers for six months 
ensuing: Alfred B. Beers, P. C; George A. Staples, S. V. C; Thomas Bondieo, 
J. V. C; Rod S. Beers, Adj.; C. F. Hale, Q. M.; George A. Parkington. Chaplain; 
A. H. Abernathy, M.D., Surgeon ; Russ Glenn, Sergt. Major ; F. W. Wales, Q. M. 

W. W. Walker was appointed Officer of the Day ; John A. Ludford** was ap- 
pointed Officer of the Guard. 

December 30, 1869, the following comrades were elected officers for six months 
ensuing: George A. Staples. P. C; William F. Dailey, a V. C; Rod S. Beers, 
J. V. C; Henry M. Capper,*^ Adj.; F. N. Cox, Q. M.; W. a Nichols, Surgeon; 
George A. Parkington, Chaplain ; Fred Goodrich, O. of D.; Russ Glenn,** O. of 
G.; William Finnemore, Sergt. Major ; Nonral Green, Q. M. Sergt. 

June 30, 1870, the foUewing comrades were elected officers for six months 
ensuing : George A. Parkington, P. C; David B. Lockwood, S. V. C; Reuben 
Blake, J. V. C; Lyman L. Rose, Adj.; Frederick N. Cox, Q. M.; Charles S. 
Wells, Surgeon ; Charles W. Scarritt, Chaplain ; James Cahill, O. of D.; Stephen 
Wearer. O. of G.; William C. Geddes, Sergt. Major ; Norval Green, Q. M. Sergt.; 
Frederick M. Wilmot, Drum Major. 

January 5, 1871, the following comrades were elected officers for ensuing year 
(1871): George A. Parkington,** P. C; Reuben Blake,*^ S. V. C; John Cahill, 
J. V. C; Lyman L. Rose.** Adj.; Dwight H. Cowles.** Q. M.; Charles H. Wells.** 
Surgeon ; Charles W. Scarritt, Chaplain ; D. H. Jennings, O. of D.; Stephen 
Weaver. O. of G.; William C. Geddes. Sergt. Major; F. A. King,** Q. M. SergL; 
Fred Wilmot, Drum Major. 

December 21, 1871, the following comrades were elected officers for enso* 
ing year (1872): Rod S. Beers, P. C; Thomas C. Coats, a V. C; William R. 

** J. A. Ludford resigned October ai, 1869, and a C. Paul elected to fill 

** J. T. Piatt appointed adjutant February 3. 1870. vice Capper resigned, and 
served to end of term. 

*' A. DeForest elected O. G. March 10, 1870, vice Glen, resigned. A. DeForest 
elected O. D. April 7, 1870, vice Goodrich, resigned. James Cahill elected O. G. 
April 7, 1870, vice DeForest, promoted. 

** William F. Dailey elected P. C. March 16, 1871, vice Parkington, resigned. 
George A. Staples elected P. C. August 24, 1871, vice Dailey, resigned, and served 
to end of term. 

^ S. V. C. Blake and J. V. C. Cahill both resigned before expiration of their 
term. Rod S. Beers was elected S. V. C. and Fred N. Cox J. V. C. and served to 
end of term. 

** L. L. Rose resigned as Adjutant July 20. 1871. and Henry W. Stevens was 
elected to serve balance of term. 

** William E. Disbrow elected, but declined to serve. June 15, 1871, D. H. 
Cowles resigned as Q. M. and comrade Disbrow was elected to fill the vacancy. 

*° A. H. Abernathy elected Surgeon November 9. 1871. vice Wells, resigned. 

'* C. B. Downs appointed Q. M. S.. vice King, resigned. 

Bridgeport. 937 

Palmer. J. V. C; Henry W. Stevens," Adj. (appointed); William E. Disbroiv, 
Q. M.; George F. Lewis, M.D., Surgeon; Charles W.Scarritt, Chaplain; T. P. 
Callahan, O. of D.; Charles Shaller, O. of G.; Henry C. Larramie, Sergt. Major 
(appointed); John R. Kimball. Q. M. Sergt. (appointed). 

January 2, 1873, the following comrades were elected officers for ensuing year : 
James Bozworth, P. C; Charles Rawlings, S. V. C; Charles M. Shailer, J. V. C; 
Chauncey B. Downs," Adj. (appointed); William E. Disbrow, Q. M.; F.J. Younff, 
M.D., Surgeon ; Charles W. Scarritt, Chaplain ; T. P. Callahan, O. of D.; Henry 
W. Stevens,** O. of G.; Edward Ward, Sergt. Major (appointed); John R. Kimball, 
Q. M. Sergt. (appointed); J. G. Cornell, Drum Major. 

December 18, 1873, the following comrades were elected officers for ensuing 
year (1874): William E. Disbrow. P. C; T. P. Callahan. S. V. C; Norval Green," 
J. V. C; Harry C. Isard, Adj. (appointed); John R. Kimball, Q. M.; A. H. Aber- 
nathy, M.D., Surgeon; George Hill, Chaplain; James H. Bumes, O. of D.; 

Charles Dimond, O. of G.; , Sergt. Major; , Q. M. 

Sergt.; . Drum Major. 

December 30, 1874, the following comrades were elected officers for ensuing 
year (1875): William E. Disbrow, P. C; T. P. Callahan." S. V. C; John Oliver, 
J. V. C; Henry W. Stevens, Adj. (appointed); John R. Kimball. Q. M.; Robert 
Landen, M.D.. Surgeon ; George Hill, Chaplain ; Charles Dimond," O. of D,; 
George C. Carpenter, O. of G.; Charles E. Moore, Sergt. Major (appointed); 
Moses Mills. Q. M. Sergt. (appointed). 

December 30, 1875, the following comrades were elected officers for ensuing 
year (1876): William E. Disbrow, P. C; John Oliver. S. V. C; Charles E. Moore, 
J. V. C; John S. Caroli," Adj.; John R. Kimball." Q. M.; A. H. Abernathy, M.D., 
Surgeon ; Rev. Daniel O. Ferris, Chaplain ; John A. Ludford, O. of D.; George 
E. Betts, O. of G.; William H. Downs, Sergt. Major; Joseph Kiley, Q. M. 

December 7. 1876, the following comrades were elected officers for ensuing 

" Henry W. Stevens resigned as Adjutant July I, 1872, and Chauncey B. 
Downs appointed to fill the position. 

" C. B. Downs resigned as Adjutant September 11, 1873, and H. C. Isard 
appointed to fill vacancy. 

" H. W. Stevens resigned as O. G. January 16, 1873. ^* C. Geddes elected 
January 23, 1873. 

" N. Green resigned J. V. C. May 14, 1874. John Oliver elected to fill 
vacancy May 21, 1874. ' 

"T. P.Callahan resigned September 9, 1875, and John Oliver elected Sep- 
tember 16, 1875, to fill vacancy. Oliver Treadweli elected to J. V. C, vice Oliver, 

" Charles Dimond resigned O. D. October 7, 187$, and George C. Carpenter 
elected October 14, 1875, to fill vacancy. John A. Ludford elected O. G., vice 
Carpenter, promoted. 

" J. S. Caroli resigned as Adjutant August 10, 1876, and George W. Keeler 
was appointed to position August 24, 1876. 

"J. R. Kimball resigned as Q. M. September 14, 1876, and Ansil H. Couch 
elected to fill vacancy September 21. 1876. 

938 History of Stratford. 

year (1877): William E. Diabrow,^ P. C; Henry W. Stevens, S. V. C; George E. 
Belts, J. V. C; George W. Keeler, Adj.; Ansil H. Couch/> Q. M.; A. A. Holmea, 
M.D., Surgeon ; Rev. D. O. Ferris, Chaplain ; John A. Ludford, O. of D.; Richard 
A. Clancey, O. of G.; Will H. Weicht.** Scrgt. Major ; Fred. L. Warren,« Q. M, 

December 6, 1877, the following comrades were elected officers for ensuing 
year (1878): George A. Staples,** P. C; John Oliver,** S. V. C; E. J. Sherwood,** 
J. V. C; George W. Keeier, Adj.; William E. Disbrow, Q. M.; A. A. Holmes, 
Surgeon ; Lewis G. Logan, Chaplain ; Richard A. Clancey, O. of D.; Charles E. 
Williams,*^ O. of G.; John Burke,** Sergt. Major ; Frederick A. Booth, Q. M. Sergt. 

December $, 1878, the following comrades were elected officers for ensuing 
year (1879): Julius W. Knowlion,** P. C; John A. Ludford, S. V. C; Terrance 
O'Brien, J. V. C; George W. Kceler, Adj.; William E. Disbrow, Q. M.; A. A. 
Holmes, M.D., Surgeon ; Lewis G. Logan, Chaplain ; Richard A. Clancey, O. of D.; 
Joseph Tyler, O. of G.; Will H. Welcht, Sergt. Major ; Frederick A. Booth, Q. M. 

December 4, 1879, the following comrades were elected officers for ensuing 
year (1880): Lewis G. Logan, P. C; Richard A, Clancey ,*• S. V. C; Terrance 
O'Brien, J. V. C; George W. Keeier, Adj.; William E. Disbrow, Q. M.; Byron 

** W. E. Disbrow resigned as P. C. October zi, 1877. Henry W. Stevens was 
elected October 18, 1877, to fill the vacancy, and November i, 1877, George E. 
Bctts, J. V. C, was elected S. V. C, vice Stevens, promoted, and November 8, 
1877, E. J. Sherwood was elected J. V. C, vice Betts, promoted. 

** A. H. Couch resigned as Q. M. August 2, 1877, and Btrdsey L. Sherman 
was elected to fill vacancy August 9, 1877, and resigned same October 11, 1877, 
W. E. Disbrow was elected October 8, 1877, to fill vacancy. 

** W. H. Welcht resigned as S. M. August x6, 1877, and Charles E. Williams 
appointed to fill vacancy September 6, 1877. 

** F. L. Warren resigned as Q. M.- S. September 6, 1877, and L. L. Rose 
appointed to fill position same date, but declined the honor. 

** First ballot Alfred B. Beers received nearly every vote, but declined to 
accept position. 

*• John Oliver died July 5, 1878. John A. Ludford elected July 25, 1878, to 
fill vacancy. 

** £. J. Sherwood resigned July 18, 1878, as J. V. C. George E. Luinscoe 
elected July 25, 1878, to fill vacancy. 

*^ C. E. Williams resigned position O. G. March 28, 1878. Joseph Tyler 
elected April 4, 1878, to fill vacancy. 

** John Burke resigned August 15, 1878, and W. H. Lyon appointed to fill 

** J. W. Knowlton declined to accept position Of P. C, and Lewis G. Logan 
was elected to position, W. H. Lyon being elected as Chaplain, vice Logan, 

*^ R. A. Clancey declined to serve as S. V. C, and Christian Quien was 
elected December 18, 1879, (o ^^ position, and R. A. Clancey was elected O. D. 
at same time and resigned same April 29, 1880, when Will H. Wcicht was elected 
to fill position. William H. Downs was elected O. G., vice Welcht, promoted. 

Bridgeport. 939 

W. Monson, Surgeon; William H. Lyon, Chaplain; Christian Quien, O. of D.; 
Will H. Weicht, O. of G.; Edward F. Clark, Sergt. Major ; Frederick A. Booth, 
Q. M. Sergt. 

December 2, 1880, the following comrades were elected officers for ensuing 
year (1881): Lewis G. Logan," P. C; Christian Quien," S. V. C; William H. 
Hinc, J. V. C; George W. Kecler, Adj.; William E. Disbrow, Q. M.; Byron W. 
Munson, Surgeon ; William H. Gray, Chaplain ; Joseph Tyler, O. of D.; Marcus 
E. Comstock, O. of G.; John P. Jaquith, Sergt. Major ; Bradley Banks,** Q. M. 

December i, z88i, the following comrades were elected officers for ensuing 
year (1882): George W. Keeler, P. C; Richard A. Clancey,** S. V. C; Joseph 
Tyler, J. V. C; Will H. Weicht. Adj.; William E. Disbrow. Q. M.; Byron W. 
Munson, Surgeon ; Daniel Worcester, Chaplain ; Marcus E. Comstock,** O. of D.; 
William Derringer, O. of G.; John P. Jaquith, Sergt. Major ; Charles E. Moore, 
Q. M. Sergt. 

December 7, 1882, the following comr.ades were elected officers for ensuing 
year (1883): Daniel Worcester, P. C; Joseph Tyler, S. V. C; William Derringer, 
J. V. C; John P. Jaquiih.** Adj.; William E. Disbrow, Q. M.; Byron W. Munson, 
Surgeon ; James L. Green, Chaplain ; William H. Lyon, O. of D.; Henry H, 
Smith, O. of G.; David R. Waters.*' Sergt. Major ; George W. Keeler, Q. M. Sergt. 

December 6, 1883, the following comrades were elected officers for ensuing 
year (1884): Daniel Worcester,** P. C; Joseph Tyler.** S. V. C; William Derrin- 
ger, J. V. C; Charles E. Moore. Adj.; William E. Disbrow, Q. M.; Byron W. 
Munson, Surgeon ; Henry Stephens, Chaplain ; Henry H. Smith,** O. of D.; 

** L. G. Logan resigned as P. C. October 13, 1881. October 20, 1881, George 
W. Keeler was elected for unexpired term. 

*'C. Quien resigned as S. V. C. July 14, 1881. July 21, 1881, William H. 
Hine was elected to fill position, F. L. Warren being elected J. V. C, vice Hine, 
promoted. Will H. Weicht was appointed Adjutant by Commander Keeler. 

** B. Banks resigned as Q. M. S. October 27, 1881. and C. E. Moore was 
appointed to fill vacancy. 

*^ R. A. Clancey refused to accept position S. V. C. January 19, 1882, Lewis 
G. Logan was elected to fill vacancy. 

** M. E. Comstock resigned position O. D. June 29, 1882. July 6, 1882, WiU 
liam Derringer was elected O. D. to fill vacancy. W. H. Lyon was elected O. G.., 
vice Derringer, promoted. 

**J. P. Jaquith resigned position Adjutant September 20, 1883, and C. E. 
Moore was appointed to fill vacancy. George C. Stewart was appointed S. M., 
vice Moore, resigned. 

*' D. R. Waters resigned position S. M. January 18, 1883, and C. E. Moore 
was appointed to position. 

** D. Worcester resigned position P. C. September 25, 1884. W. Derringer 
elected to fill vacancy October 2, 1884. 

** J. Tyler resigned position S. V. C. June 5, 1884. June 12, 1884, W* Derrin- 
ger elected to fill vacancy. Thomas Boudren was elected J. V. C, vice Derringer, 
promoted. When Derringer promoted P. C. promoted S. V. C. James P. Smith, 
promoted J. V. C. 

** H. H. Smith resigned position C. D. August 14, 1884. James P. Smith was 

940 History §/ Stratford. 

Jaows P. Sflrii&, O. oT Gu; George C. Siewan, Serft. Major; George W. Kcelcf; 
0,M. Sergf. 

December 4, it&i, dbe fbllowuig comcades were elected oficers for ^'^^^^ 
fear (itSs): WIltiauB H. Lfos, P. C; Hkmbss Bowlres, & V. C; Eageae Ward. 
J. V. C; WniuA H, Hioe. Adj.; Willias E. DistMov. Q. Bf.; B^roo W. Mbmm. 
M.D^ Sorgeon ; Hearj Scepheas, Ckaplaia ; George C Stewart. O. of D. Siepkca 
WrfgKt, O. of G.; Fred U Werrea, Sergt: Major ; George W. Keder, Q. If. Serge 

Deceaibcr 3, 1895, ike fbllowiag coearadee were e!eaed o^ceri for easatag 
j^9x (iSS6>: Tboans Boodrca, P. C; Eageae Ward, S. V. C^ George C. Siewart« 
J. V. C; George W. Keder, Adj.; Wniiaai E. Disbrow, Q. M.; George L. Porter. 
Bf.D^ Sorgeoo ; Warrea W. Porter," Chaplain ; Hearj A. NortK O. of D.; Hearj 
Crofott, O, of G. 

Members of Poet No. 3 who have been booored with Departmeat and Natioaal 

Wniiam H, Noble, Commander Foonh Dtstrici, Depan Conn^ 1867. 

William L. Hnbbell, A. A. G^ Foonh Dtstrict, Depc Coon., 1867. 

S, M. Nichols, A. Q, M. G., Foorth District, DepL Conn., 1867. 

William H. Mallorj, J. V. Grand Commander, Depi. Conn., 1868; S. V. 
Grand Commander, Dept Conn., 1869; Grand Commander, Depc Conn., 1870 
and 1871. 

Louis N. Middlebrook, C. of A., Depi. Coon., 1869 and 1871 ; Judge Advo- 
cate, Depc Conn., 1870, 1873 and 1873. 

Alfred B. Beers, .^sst. Inspector, Dept Conn., 1869 and 187s : C. of A., Dept. 
Conn., 1873 ; J. V. Commander, Dept. Conn., 1878 and 1879 ; S V. Commander, 
mander, Dept. Conn., 1880 ; Commander, Dept. Conn., 1881 ; Commander Fitch's 
Home, 1882. 

George A. Staples, Delegate National Encampment, 1871 ; Asst. Inspector, 
Dept. Conn., 1871 ; A. Q. M. G., Dept. Conn., 1876, 1877 and 1881. 

Rod S. Beers, C. of A., Dept. Conn., 1873 ; Assi. Inspector, Dept. Conn., 1873. 

William £. Disbrow, J. V. Commander, Dept. Conn., 1873; S. V. Com- 
mander, Dept. Conn., 1874 and 1875 \ Commander, Dept. Conn^ 1876 and 1877. 

John OliTer, Asst Inspector General (National). 1875. 

T. P. Callahan, Asst. Inspector, Dept. Conn., 1875. 

Rev. D. O. Ferris, Chaplain, Dept Conn., 1876 and 1877. 

Julius W. Knowlton, A. A. G., Dept Conn., 1876 and 1877 ; C. of A. (Na- 
(ional), 1878 ; Delegate National Encampment, i88a 

Charles E. Moore, Asst Inspector, Dept Conn., 1876 and 1877; C. of A., 
Dept Conn., 1878 and 1879. 

Lewis G. Logan, C. M. O., Dept. Conn., 1879 ; C. of A., Dept. Conn., Dele- 
gate National Encampment, A. D. C. (National). 1882 ; Asst Inspector, Dept 
Conn.. 1883. 

Joseph Tyler, A. D. C. (National), 1882. 

Will H. Wcicht A. D. C. (National), 1882. 

elected to fill vacancy. Ulrich Burghardt being elected O. G., vice Smith, pro- 
moted, was elected O. D., vice Smith, promoted J. V. C. Philo A. Morris elected 
O. G., vice Burghardt, elected O. D. 

'* W. W. Porter declined to be installed as Chaplain and Henry Stephens was 
elected to the position. 

Bridgeport. 941 

Henrj Huss, C. of A. (Nationml), 1876 and 1877. 

George W. Keeler. A. A. G., Dept. Conn^ 1881 ; C. M. O., Dept. Cooo.» 
1883 ; lospector, Dept. Conn., 1884 ; Commander Fitch's Home, 1885 and 1886. 

George E. Betti. A. A. A. G., Dept. Conn^ 1881. 

Henry M. Hojt, A. D. C. (National). 1881. 

John C. Copeland, A. D. C, Dept. Conn., 1882 ; A. D. C. (National). 1886. 

Fred L. Warren, C. of A., Dept. Conn.. 1883. 1884. 1885 and 1886. 

Daniel Worcester, AssL Inspector, Dept. Conn., 1884 ; A. D. C, (National), 

William H. Lyon, Asst. Inspector, Dept. Conn., 1S84. 

Byron W. Munson. Med. Director, Dept. Conn., 1885. 

Thomas Boudren, Delegate National Encampment, 1869 and 1886. 

Samuel J. Chaffee, A. D. C. (National), 1885. 

George C. Stewart, Asst. Inspector, 1886. 

Historical Notts* 

The Post was organized in the office of Gen. William H. Noble, in Sturdevant 
building, April 25, 1867, and it continued to hold its meetings there until June 29, 
1867, when Lafayette Hall was secured and meetings were held there until 
December 19. 1867. when it removed to Good Templars' Hall. March 19. i868» 
removed to Odd Fellows' Hall, as then known, on Water street ; March 4, 1869, 
to hall known as Harral's Hall ; April i. 1870. to hall in Sturdevant building, and 
thence to hall in Waller's building. In May, 1874, removed to Lafayette Hall, and 
thence, September 1, 1883. to hall over the post office, where they are at present 
located. With one exception the halls occupied by Post have been known at 
Grand Army Hall while occupied by them. 

August 17, 1876, the soldiers' monument was dedicated. 

The Post, since its organization, has hold each year some kind of an entertain- 
ment or entertainments for the purpose of raising funds to assist the broken down 
comrades, the widow and the orphan of comrades mustered into the Grand En- 
campment above. With very few exceptions their efforts have been crowned with 
success, the net proceeds running from $50 to $1,200; this, of course, could not 
enable them to be very liberal, and therefore many comrades' widows and orphans 
have been assisted by contributions from the comrndcs' pockets. In 1883, under 
Commander Worcester, the Post held a fair, and it was then that the veteran found 
out. if he never knew it before, that the people were his friends indeed, the fair 
netting the organization $10,000. This gratifying result was largely due to the 
persistent and judicious efforts of comrades A. B. Beers. George Keeler and Wil- 
liam E. Disbrow, of the executive committee. 

In 1884 the Post was incorporated by act of the Legislature. 

Memorial Day. — Each year is this national day observed, each grave of a 
departed comrade is decorated with a wreath of green and the first flowers of 
spring, and his resting place marked by the flag he helped to save. This year 
(1886) for the first time the comrades were assisted in the pleasing duty by a detail 
from the Sons of Veterans (William H. Mallory Camp, No. 11). This Camp was 
named after a comrade who. when living, was a Grand Army man, and the sons 
did well in honoring their Camp with his name, as when living he was always 
honored by his comrades. The sons are an organization which, if kept up, will, 
in time place a wreath and a flag over the grave of the last veteran of the Grand 
Army of the Republic. 


History of Stratford. 

The following vetennt were membert of the Poit during its fine year's exisr 


Winiam H. Noble, Col. 17U1 C. V.; Bvt Brig. 

Gen. U. S. A. 
B. N. Stebbeni. 

James B. DuDham, CapU Co. 6, 17th C. V. 
Samuel B. Bllon, lat U. Co. D, iTth C. V. 
J. R. Cumming, M.D., Surf eon, isth C. V. 
Wheeler Hawley, iit Conn, Cav. 
William H. Lacey, Capt. Co. D, 17th C. V. 
Henry L. Cowles. 

Albert W. Peclc, itt Lt Co. D, 17th C. V. 
L. M. Nichols. 

John M. Andrews, Co. M, ist C. H. A. 
Anthony Algeltlnger, Corp. Co. B, 4xst N.Y.V. 
Charles F. Anderson, Lt. Co. H, ad C. H. A. 
Alfred B. Beers, Capt Co. B, 6Ui C. V. 
Henry Biebel, Capt Co. H, 6th C. V. 
George F. Bllnn, Co. M, ist C. H. A. 
Theo. P. Bradley. 

Frederick A. Booth, sd Conn. Lt. Bat 
John Beck, Co. M, xst C. H. A. 
Wesley H. Botsford. 
Eugene N. Botsford, U. S. N. 
S. G. Bailey. 
Charles Bailey. 

James Bosworth, Sergt Co. D, 17th C. V. 
James Burton. 
Frederick C. Bowman. 
Allen G. Brady. • 
Roderick S. Beers, Co. 1, 6th C. V. 
Charies H. Brotherton, Co. 1, 6th C. V. 
Cyrus T. Bachelder, Sergt. Co. D, 17th C. V. 
John H. Beck. 

John C. Bayles, Co. 1, 9th C. V. 
Walter Baxter, Co I, ixth N. Y. Cav. 
John F. Bartlett, Co. D, X7th C. V. 
Garrett D. Bonne, Sergt. Co. D, 17th C. V. 
Hiram H. Blish, Band, ist and 17th C. V. 
Reuben Blake, Mus. Co. F, xst C. H. A. 
Samuel Burr, Sergt. Co. G, xith R. L V. 
Oscar R. Beers, Co. A, 14th C. V. 
Charies B. Beers, Co. M, xst C. H. A. 
Philo M. Beers, Co. H, xst C. V. 
Frederick H. Carpenter, Corp. Co. D, X7th C.V. 
Homer S. Curtlss. 
H. B. Chamberialn. 
George S. Crofutt. 

Blliott M. Curtiss. Major 4th U. S. Vet V. 
Marcus Coon, Capt ist Squad C. Cav. 
Pierce D. Colburn, Sergt Co. D, 9th C. V. 
James Caffrey, Co. D, 9th C. V. 
Lyman S. Catlin, Lt. and Q. M. 5th CJ. S. C. C. 
Henry L. Crampton, Co. D, xst N. Y. V. 
Henry R. Chaffee, Lt sd C. Lt Bat. 
Frederick N. Cox, Serg. Co. E, 38th N. Y. V. 
Dwight H. Cowles, Co. I, 9th C. V. 
John B. Clark, xst Lt. Co. B, 8th U. S. C. H. A. 
William E. Disbrow, Corp. Co. H. ad C. V. 

Alexander Doran, xst C. L. Bat 

Jacob Dietrich. 

WiUiam F. DaOy, Co. 1, 6tk C. V. 

Charles DImon, Co. D, 9th C. V. 

Andrew J. Davis, Mus. Co. I, ajth C. V. 

Montgomery Bgbert, Co, M, xst C. H. A. ' 

Burr H. French. 

William FInnemore, Co. D', xjth. C. V. 

Wilson French, Capt Co. G, X7th C. V. 

B. D. S. Goodyear, Lt. Col. xoth C. V. and Byt 

Brig. Gen. 
B. N. Goodwin, xst Lt Co. K, a4th C. V. 
Wniiam Geilner, Mus. Co. H, 6th C. V, 
Russell Glenn, xst Serg. Co. A, X4th C. V. 
R. Charles Gotschalk, sd C. L. Bat 
James G. Goodwin, U. S. N. 
Steadman Greenwood, U. S. N. 
Miles W. Gray, xst Lt sd C. L. Bat 
James L. Green, Co. I, xsth C. V. 
William C. Geddes, Co. 1, 90th N, Y. V. 
Robert Hubbard, M.D., Med, Director xxth 

Army Corps. 
William L. HubbeU, Capt Co. D, X7th C. V. 
James Hanford, Co. K, xst C. H. A. 
George Hill, Seig. Co. B, 9th C. V. 
H. K. Hall, Chaplain X7th C. V. 
Justus B. Hawley, «d Lt ad C. H. A. 
Charles W. Hall, Capt Co. D, 83d C. H. A. 
Samuel O. Hodges. 

Walter S. Hotchklss, Capt sd C. L. Bat 
T. M. Holcomb. 
O. H. Hibbard. 

John R. Hull, Artificer xst C. L. Bat 
Chariea F. Hall. 

John Haryey, xst Lt. Co, B, X7th C. V. 
Charles Hurd, Co. H, sd C. H. A. 
Charles Hull, Wagoner Co. 1, 6th C. V. 
Peter Haefner, ad C. L. Bat 
Franklin H. Hull, Serg. Co. D, xst C. Cav. 
AlYin S. Hunt, Co. A, axst C. V. 
Orris S. Jennings, Corp. Co. A, 8th C. V. 
D. Homer Jennings, Co. D, 5th N. Y. Cav. 
John Johnson, sd C. L. Bat 
Thomas Knablin. 
Michael Kelley. 

Justin S. Keeler, Mus. Co. C, x7th C. V. 
Rudolph Kost, ad Lt Co.'H, 6th C. V. 
Michael Kelley, Capt. and Bvt Major ad C.H.A. 
Henry Krouse, Co. B, xst C. Cav. 
Robert Lander, M.D., Corp. Co. K, xith R.L V. 
Edward H. Lyon, Co. 1, 6th C. V. 
John Laurie. 

David B. Lockwood, xst Serg. ad C. L. Bat 
Dennett L. Lewis, Capt. Co. B, 6th C. V. 
Moses Lonsella, Co. K, 8th C. V. 
Stephen C. Lewis, Co. D, xTth C. V. 
WillUm H. May, Capt. Co. I, aad C. V. 



Moses M. Mills. 

Georxe N. Munger, Lt ad C. L. Bat. 
Robert U. Marvin, Serg. Ck>. D, ist C. Cav. 
Louis N. Mid<11ebroolc«Capt. Co. D« ist C. Cay. 
William H. Mallory. Major Harris L. Cav. 
Rufus Mead, Jr., Com. Serg. stli C. V. 
George C. Morris, Co. H, i6th C. V. 
Jesse S. Nasli, HosplUl Steward 17th C. V. 
William R. Nichols, Wagoner Co. A, 14th C. V. 
Josepli W. North, Band, 5th and 17th C. V. 
Isaac Northrop, Serg. Co. I, ad C. H. A. 
G. Ohnesorg, Asst. Surg., 46th N. Y. V. 
Charles H. Orchard, Co. C, 30th Mass. H. A. 
Charles E. Plumb, ad Lt. Co. — , ajd C. V. 
Otis F. Porter. Co. — , slh C. V. 
A. D. Powers, Co. I, 6th C. V. 
John T. Plait, Serg. Co. K, 9th C. V. 
William W. Pardee. Lt. Co. B, xst C. H. A. 
George Piatt. Mus. Co. I, ajd C. V. 
Henry W. Pettitt, Co. G, 17th C. V. 
Jacob Powlouich, Co. I, 6th C. V. 
George A. Pariclagton, ad C. L. Bat. 
Addis E. Payne, Capt. Co. H, 9th C. V. 
Ashael Porter, Co. P, ist C. H. A. 
George S. Quinn. 
William Rexinger, ad C. L. Bat. 
Darwin S. Reade, Co. C, 31st Mass. V. 
Lyman L. Rose, Serg. Co. E, 46th N. Y. V. 
John M. SpeldeU Lt. Col. 6th C. V. 

Lorenzo E. Snow, Co. A, X4th C. V. 

John G. Stevens, ist Lt Co. I, ajd C. V. 

Charles B. Shelton, Corp. Co. 1, 83d C. V. 

Samuel B. Spinning, ad C. L. Bat 

Henry L. Sturges. 

Henry Stagg, Co. A, 7th N. Y. V. 

John H. Stratton, Co. I, 6th C. V. 

George E. Stowell, Serg. Co. B, X3th N.Y.H.A . 

George D. Squires, Co. A, 5th C. V. 

George A. SUples, xst Serg. Co. I, 6th C. V. 

Fredericic Smedel, Co. 1, 9th C. V. 

Joseph N. Shailer, Co. B, 14th C. V. 

William H. Smith, Co. A, 8th C. V. 

Legrand Stratton, Co. D, X7th C. V. 

Horace B. Sherwood, Co. A, ad N. H, V. 

William H. Smith, Co. G. X7tli C. V. 

William R. Spencer, Co. K, asth C. V. 

George H. Spall, ad C. L. Bat 

J. F. Tupper. 

James A. Thompson, Co. B. ist C. H. A. 

Benjamin H. Toquet 

John W. Thompson, Co. E, 48th N. Y. V. 

George E. Underbill, Co. D, X7th C. V. 

Myron H. White, ad C. L. Bat. 

Robert Wilson, Co. D, 6th C. V. 

Joseph F. Wales, Co. L. xst C. Cav. 

David R. Waters, Co. A, loth C. V. 

Lyman F. Warner, Co. K, xoth C. V. 

Veterans who have belonged to the organizntion since its first year and not at 
present members. This list includes those who have died, been honorably dis- 
charged, received transfers to other Posts of the G. A. R., and who have been 
dropped from the rolls for various causes. 

Elbert B. Ayres, Co. B, 17th C. V. 
Jesse Atherton, Co. H, xsth C. V. 
Charles H. Andrews, Corp. Co. D, 144th N.Y.V. 
B. A. Atwater, Co. A, 3d Mich. Y. 
Edwin H. Allen, Co. K, x6th C. V. 
William F. Alexander, Co. D, ist C. V. 
Byron M. Atherton. Co. M. ist C. H. A. 
Augustus A. Abernathy. M.D., Asst Surgeon 

U. S. N. 
H. W. Aldrich, Serg. Co. D, 34th Mass. V. 
George F. Abbey. Artificer Co. M, ist C.H.A. 
Fredericlc Allstreet. Co. G, 5th N. Y. V. 
Henry E. Batchelder, Co. A, X4th C. V. 
James B. Bennett Corp. Co. I, ist C. H. A. 
W. B. Brlggs, ist Serg. Co. B, xoth Mass. V. 
Samuel II. llarnum, Hos. Steward, 17th C. V. 
John W. Bennett, Act Eng. U. S. N. 
John B. Boughton, Corp. ad C. Lt. Bat 
Gershom B. Bullcly, Co. D, asd C. V. 
William Butterworth, Co. G, xsth C. V. 
Edgar Beers, Co. B, x7th U. S. In(t. 
Robert Byers, Co. I, 5th CJ. S. Art. 
Richard Bennett, Co. B, 9th C. V. 
Robert S. Brownell. 

WlUiam M. Blake, Q. M. S. Co. M, xst C.H.A. 
H. R. Brown, Bugler Co. 8, N. Y. Cav. 

William Bestick, Co. M, xst C. H. A. 
Henry C. Beers. Co. C, xsth C. V, 
Horace N. Banks. 

Thomas A. Brown, Co. C, ad N. Y. Cav. 
Robert Bunten, Corp. Co. A, aSth C. V. 
Charles C. Baldwin, Co. M, xst C. H. A. 
Herbert C. Beecher, ad C. L. Bat 
Patrick Burns. U. S. N. 
Horace C. Bronson, Mus. X4th U. S. Inf. 
James A. Bailey, Co. D, aSth C. V. 
George H. Batchelder, Co. A, X4th C. V. 
H. L. W. Burritt, M.D., Surgeon U. S. V. 
Walter P. Bryan, Co. G, aoth C. V. 
Frederick Butler, Co. G, ad C. H. A. 
James M. Porter, Mus. Cd. A, S7th 111. V. 
Lucicn J. Beebee, Corp. Co. C, aoth C. V. 
John Browne, Co. E, X7th C. V. 
Michael Blake, xst Serg. Co. F, ad N. Y. V. 
John Burton, Co. E, 48th N. Y. V. 
John Burke, Co. D, ad N. Y. Cav. 
Theo. Birdsell, Co. A. 6th N. Y. Art. 
B. P. Blakeman, Co. A, xoth C. V. 
Legrand E. Booth, Co. F, 6th C. V. 
Oliver Brower, Co. I, X3th N. Y. H. A. 
Frank P. Burton, Co. D, X7th C. V. 
James Birmingham, Co. B, X7th C. V. 


History of Stratford. 

Willi* N. Benham, Serr. ad C. L. Bat. 
William F. Brown, Co. B, »3d C. V. 
Thomas Burns, U. S. N. 
Michad Brecklenberx. Co. B. 45th N. Y. V. 
John F. Beardsley, Co. I, 6th C. V. 
Samuel T. Bradley. 
Lambart Becker, Co. H, 6th C. V. 
Lewis Bissell, Corp. Co. A, ad C. V. 
Ashbel J. Carrier, Ser|{f. Co. F, nd C. V. 
Timothy W. Crowther, U. S. N. 
George H. Carpenter, Co. B, ad Cav. 
James N. Coe, Capt. Co. H. ad C. H. A. 
George C. Carpenter, Co. B, 15th C. V. 
John Conley, Co. — , 4th C. V. 
George S. Cooley, Co. M, ist C. H. A. 

Willkm Connelly, Co. >, 17th C. V. 
Thomas R. Colbey, Co. B, sst C. H. A. 
James Cahill, ist Lt. Co. D, 9th C. V. 
Gusuve Claas, Artificer Co. B, ist N. Y. Cav. 

A. H. Clark, Co. B, xst N. Y. Drag. 

Jamea H. Cowan, ad C. L. Bat 

Michael Conway, Co. I, 7th C. V. 

Frederick Curtis, Serg. Co. D, ist C. Cav. 

George A. Chatfield, Corp. Co. B, 7th C. V. 

W. M. Conley. 

J. A. Cross, Co. C, x6th Me. V. 

William B. Caofield, Serg. Co. M, ad C. H. A. 

Henry M. Capper. 

James W. Conley, Serg. Co. I, 8th C. V. 

William Callahan, Corp. Co. F. 159th N. Y. V. 

John H. Cogswell, Q. M. Serg. sad C. Y. 

Thomas Carroll, U. S. N. 

Henry L. Cutts, Co. A, loth C. V. 

John Gallon, Co. K, S4th C. V. 

Thomas Carroll, U. S. N. 

John Cogan, Mus. Co. K, 7th Ind. Cav. 

Patrick Carley, Co. G, 49th Mass. V. 

Ed. F. Clark, U. S. N. 

James W. Curry, Corp. Co. B, aoth N. Y. V. 

H. K. Cooley, Capt. Co. K, »7th Mass. V. 

Marcus E. Comstock, Co. A, 17th C. V. 

E. J. Grossman, Co. F, ist N. Y. Cav. 

Fred F. Callender, Co. I. 5th C. V. 

Rufus W. Carley, Mus. 5th C. V. 

George A. Campana, Co. B, 7th C. V. 

J. P. Commet, Co. E, 3d N. Y. V. 

Lawrence Cummeford, Co. 1, 14th U. S. Inf. 

Timothy P. Callahan, Corp. Co. G, iCth Ms. V. 

Charles W. Cooley, Co. K, 17th C. V. 

John C. Coventry, Co. E, 5th N. Y. V. 

John G. Cornell, Serg. Co. D, ad C. V. 

James W. Conley, ist Serg. Co. A, 8th C. V. 

John Curtiss, Serg. Co. H, ist C. H. A. 

August Courtright, Corp. Co. B, 8th Mass. V. 

Michael Curley, Co. G, sd C. H. A. 

Michael Carey, Co. I, 7th C. V. 

James Cullen, Co. F, 3ad Mass. V 

James E. Clark. 

John Dunn, Co. B, 17th C. V. 

Hosmer C. Dowd, Co. F, a4th C. V. 

Sylvanna H. Daets, U. S. N. 

Alfred DeForest, U. Co. A, X4di C. V. 

George W. Dimond, Corp. Co. A, ad VL Y. 

Nathaniel Dayton, Co. D, tst C. Cav. 

Levi Dart. 

John Daly, Co. C, lotth N. Y. V. 

Thomas L. Dennis, Co. B, xsth C. V. 

WiUhim H. DoolitUe, Co. K, ist C. H. A. 

WilUam H. Downs, Co. 1, 6th C. V. 

Charies H. Dailey. Co. B, x8th C. V. 

Warren T. DeCreaney, Sag. Co. D, isth Me. V. 

George B. Dnrfee, Co. M, ist C. H. A. 

Owen Dennenney, Co. D, 7th C. V. 

Chauncey B. Downs, xst Serg. Co. H, 7th U. S. 

Inf. and Co. F, 17th G. V. 
Matthew Ddtz, Serg. Co. G, is6th N. Y. V. 
Charles H. Ensign, Co. B, xaSth N. Y. V. 
Byron Bddy, Co. C, nth R. I. V. 
Simeon M. Bldrldge, Capt. Co. D, 6ist Ms. V. 
Edward T. English. 
Patrick Began, Corp. Co. K, a4th C. V. 
Charles Englehardt, Co. D, jsth N. Y. V. 
George M. Boole, Co. I, »3d C. V. 
Isaac L. Elderd, C^. M, ist C. V. 
F. W. Fox, Co. I, ad N. J. V. 
William H. Foote, U. S. N. 
John C. Fowler, Co. 1, 4th Me. V. 
Crdghton B. French, Co. C, 5th VL V. 
Rev. Daniel O. Ferris, Chap, xy^ N. Y. V. 
Aaron Fox, Co. H, 8th C. V. 
WUlhun Fisher, Co. A, 8th C. V. 
John J. Ford, Co. K, 49th Maas. V. 
Joseph FiUpatrick, U. S. N. 
Henry L. Ferry, Co. C, 31st Mass. V. 
John Fltzpatrick, Corp. Co. B, X4th C. V. 
Charles H. FInnemore. 
Mattheas Govean, Co. D, 9th N. Y. V. 
William H. Gray, Serg. Co. A, x7th C. V. 
Frederick GreUe, U. S. N. 
William Greiseoger, Co. — , 103d N. Y. V. 
Charlea E. Gilbert, Co. D, xst C. V. 
WUlUm H. Gundlock, Co. A, x99d Pa. V. 
J. J. Gorham. 

Zephenhih L. Gilbert, Co. I, ist C. Cav. 
W. A. Gates, Co. A. ist C. Cav. 
Augustus Gray, Corp. Co. C, lath C. V. 
George H. Gregory, Co. D, 17th C. V. 
Frederick Goodrich, Drum Major xath U. S. Inf. 
Joseph Gerard, Co. I, ad N. Y. Art. 
Robert Geisler, Serg. Co. C, iith C. V. 
Elijah Gregory, M.D., Asst. Surg. X7th C. V. 
George Greim, ist Serg. Co. E, 41st N. Y. V. 
Charles W. Gleason, ist Lt. Co. M, ist C.H.A. 
Harry Greatarex, Mua. Co. — , 6th C. V. 
John Geatley, Serg. Co. A, X4th C. V. 
Norval Green, Serg. Co. I, loth C. V. 
John Gorman, Serg. Co. D, 9th C. V. 
William J. Gould. Serg. ad C. L. Bat. 
George S. Gorgas, Co. D, 17th C. V. 
Frederick P. Godfrey, Corp. Co. M, ist C.H.A. 



Henry M. Hoyt« Capt. Co. A, 8th C. V. 

Aahbel B. Hunt, Co. A, loih C. V. 

John HftKley, Corp. Co. G, loth C. V. 

George Httter, Co. H, 48th N. Y. V. 

Lewis Holmes, Co. K, 43th Mass. V. 

John D. Hall. Corp. Co. D, asth Mass. V. 

Park Hill, Co. D, ajd C. V. 

Geo. A. Hall, ScrgL Co. F, ist C. Cav. 

Wm. H. Hubbell. Co. M, 1st C. H. A. 

Henry T. Hawley, Co. C, 17th C. V. 

Frank Houge, Sergt. Co. 1, 6th C. V. 

Wm. Harty, Capt. Co. G, 91st N. Y. V. 

C. H. Hayes, Co. K, ist C. Cav. 

George Hunt, Co. B, aoth Ohio V. 

Seth W. Hungerford, Mus. Co. A, 14th C. V. 

Albert Hermes, Co. D, aoth C. V. 

Wm. B. Hill, Sergt. Co. D, 4th U. S. Art 

L. F. Hurd, U. S. N. 

F. L, Hearson, Bng. U. S. N. 

Robert Hayes, Corp. Co. D, 46th Mass. V. 

John Hagle, Corp. Co. G. loth C. V. 

Alfred Hoyt, U. S. N. 

Henry HofTman, Co. H, ist Pa. Reserves. 

Adam Hagerty, Co. H, 17th U. S. Inf. 

John S. Halt, Corp. Co. I, ad C. H. A. 

Henry Houpt, Sergt. Co. H, 6th C. V. 

Bugene Hyatt, Co. C, ad C. H. A. 

Brsklne H. Holmes, Co. G, xst C. V. 

Wm. T. Hawes, Capt. Co. B, aSlh N. Y. V. 

Abel L. Hall, Co. D, ajd C. V. 

J. S. Hanford, Co. M, isl C. H. A. 

John 11. Unlllgnn, Sergt. Co. II. aSth C. V. 

J. C. Hall, U. S. Navy. 

Bdward Hope. Sergt. Co. M, xst C. H. A. 

Cornelius Heron, Corp. Co. K, ia4th N. Y. V. 

Philip Hafner, Corp. Co. I, ist C. V. 

Chas. W. Hurst, Co. H, 8th C. V. 

Philip Hurdbolt, Co. A, 8lh N. Y. V. 

Wm. H. Harrison, Co. D, ad C. H. A. 

Wm. B. Hayes, Sergt. Co. D, 150th N. Y. V. 

S. S. Hooker, Co. A, a7th Mass. V. 

Henry C. Isard, Co. G, 8th N. J. V. 

W. H. Ingalls, Co. G, x8th N. H. V. 

Joseph Jacobs, Co. I, 156th N. Y. V. 

Wm. Jahn, Corp. Co. F, 45th N. Y. V. 

J. Jenkinson, Co. 1), ist N. J. Cav. 

James H. Jerinan, Co. D. 6th C. V. 

Wm. P. Jessup, Co. G. ia7th N. Y. V. 

George H. Josslyn, Co. G, 18th Mass. V. 

Charles Johnson. 

Wm. A. Johnson, Co. E, 5lh C V. 

Chas. Jensen. 

Geo. F. Jennings. 

H. g. Judd, Corp. Co. G, X7th C. V. 

<3Vi. W. Johnson, Mus. Co. U, i6ad N. Y. V. 

William H. Keelcr, Q. M. S. 17th C. V. 

Ambrose Kirkham, Co. A, 115th N. Y. V. 

William Krapp. Corp. Co. I, ajd C. V. 

Henry F. Keyes, Band 9th and 17th C. V. 

John R. Kimball, Sergt. Co. B« 4th N. H. V. 

Jat. KIley, ist Lieut. Co. H, aSth C. V. 

Frank A. King, Co. A, X4th C. V. 

Jas. Kllcy, U. S. N. 

Joseph B. King, xst Sergt. Co. D, ist C. Cav. 

Wm. Kriogle, Co. D, 6ad N. Y. V. 

George KurU, Mus. Co. — , 14th C. V. 

Chas. B. Keeler, Co. H. 4th C. V. 

Chas. Krapp, ad C. L. Bat. 

Thos. Kelley, Co. M, 14th N. Y. H. A. 

Robert D. Kelley, Mus. Co. 1, 6th C. V. 

William Keen, Co. B, x6th C. V. 

Jos. Killenbeck, Sergt. Co. B, aoth C. V. 

G. S. Keeler, Brig. Band, U. S. A. 

John Kountzman, Co. D, 79th N. Y. V. 

Wm. C. Keller, ad C. L. Bat 

Patrick Kelley, Sergt. Co. K, 9th U. S. V. 

Lewis King. 

Henry Kmieter. 

Sevil Knight, Co. G, 4th Mass. V. 

Geo. E. Lover, Co. H, X4th C. V. 

Jsmes P. Lockwood, Co. F, Ps. Reserves. 

Henry Lsndlvcg, Co. G, 56th N. Y. V. 

Calvin J. Lathrop, Co. D, xst C. Cav. 

W. H. Langdon, Co. A. 5th C. V. 

Dennis Leary, Mus. xst Brig, ad Div. 

James R. Lockwood, Corp. Co. E. asd C. V. 

John Lotty, Co. A, X4th C. V. 

Philip B. Lever, Mus. Co. A, 3d C. V. 

Geo. F. Lewis, M.D. 

Henry Lintenroyer, Co. F, 56th N. Y. Vol. 

R. La FonUin, Co. — , lath N. Y. Cav. 

William Lien, Co. K, X7th C. V. 

John Laurie, Co. D, 9th C. V. 

John H. Logan, ist Sergt Co. D, a8th C. V. 

Henry C. Laramie, Corp. Co. D, xa7th N. Y. V. 

W. H. Lee, U. S. N. 

Peter Lynch, Corp. Co. G, ist U. S. Inf.; Co. 

H, 7lh Kan. Cav. 
Samuel Lloyd, Co. I, loth C. V. 
Geo. Laughlin, Co. A, a4th C. V. 
James R. Middlebrook, Corp. Co. D, X7tli C. V. 
Samuel Moore, Co. H, aoth C. V. 
Hazen H. Martin, Corp. Co. I, ad N. H. V. 
Wm. H. Marshall, ist Lt Co. I, xoth C. V. 
Julian Manchester, Co. E. ist C. V. 
James McDermott, U. S. N. 
Harry Mehan, Co. 1, 5th N. Y. Vols, 
Robert McManus, Co. A, ist C. V. 
John McConnell, U. S. Navy. 
Lewis E. McLaughlin, Corp. Co. A, 8a N. Y. V. 
Daniel Morrell, Co. G, 153d 111. V. 
John Mullen, Co. L, ad P. A. H. A. 
George W. Myer, ad C. L. Bat 
George E. Mltchel, Co. E, 34th Mass. V. 
Chas. McElroy, Co. K, 17th C. V. 
Walter L. Murphy, Co. G, 17th C. V. 
James A. Morris, Co. I, 6th C. V. 
Charles E. Marlton, Co. H, 19th C. V. 
Wm. McNeil, Sergt Co. G, aoth C. V. 
Charles Mayer, Sergt Co. B, 13th N. Y. V. 


History of Stratford. 

Harvey Meekin, Serfft. Co. I, 5th N. Y. Cav. 

Richard Mar»haU, Drum Major, 5th C. V. 

Nicholas Muth, Co. B« 98th Penn. V. 

John H. Murphy, Co. P, ist C. V. 

C. Andrew Morehouse, Sergt. Co. C, aad C. V. 

Frank Marshall, Corp. Co. K, 7th C. V. 

George A. Maime, Co. H, ist C. V. 

Timothy Murphy, Co. M, sst N. Y. C«y. 

Charles Morgan, Co. A, 4th N. Y. H. A. 

Chandler McCarty, Hosp. Steward, CJ. S. A. 

Chas. D. Miller, Co. G, ayth Mass. V. 

W. H. Miller, Co. I, ixth C. V. 

Chas. D. Millikin. 

A. A. Murray, Co. I, 6th C. V. 

John H. Mills, Corp. Co. A, X7th N. Y. V. 

James H. Nash, Co. D, 6th N. Y. V. 

George B. Nlckerson, Co, H, 71st N. Y. V. 

Chas. H. Newton, Co. F, 4ad Mass. V. 

John Nichols, Corp. Co. K, ist C. H. A. 

David Northrop, Co. G, X7th C. V. 

Bdward Olden, Jr., Co. H, xa7th N. Y. V. 

James S. Olmstead, Co. 1, 9th C. V. 

Thomas R. O'Hara, Co. B, 4th Mass. Cav. 

James Owens, Co. B, 83d C. V^. 

John Oliver, xst Sergt. Co. A, 178th N. Y. V. 

and ist U. S. Cav. 
Istftc B. Osborn, Co. I, sjd Penn. V. 
John Osborn, Co. B, sjd C. V. 
J. C. Oatlcy. Co. L. ad R. I. V. 
Gilbert Oakley, Co. K, ist Wis. Cav. 
Norman Provost, Lieut. Co. 1, 6th C. V. 
Jacob Penn, Co. D, 17th C. V. 
Joseph Peoria. 

BenJ. B. Penfield, Adj. 6th C. V. 
James H. Porter, Act. Comdr. U. S. N. 
Myron Purdy, Co. C, aoth C. V. 
James Parks, ist Sergt Co. li, sd C. H. A. 
Geo. A. Parkins^on, ad C. L. Bat. 
C. B. Payne, Co. F, 7th Me. V. 
Patrick Purden, Co. F, 17th C. V. 
Thaddeus E. Peck, Serg. Lt. U. S. N. 
Joseph Perry, Co. F, 133d N. Y. V. 
S. C. Paul, Co. I. 9lh N. Y. V. 
C. T. Piatt, Co. A, loth N. Y. V. 
Albert M. Porter, Com. Serg. lath C. V. 
Robert E. Paddock, ist Lt. Co. I, aoth C. V. 
Conrad Pulils, Co. L, ist C. H. A. 
Charles W. Pect, Co. D, a3d C. V. 
George C. Potter, Co. M, 12th N. Y. Cav. 
Lewis F. Pelton, Co. G, i6th C. V. 
C. L. Paddock, Mus. 3d Vt. V. 
Abram T. Peck, Co. A, 5th C. V. 
James B. Prescott, ist Serg. Co. F, 9th C. V. 
James M. Prindle, Co. A, ad C. H. A. 
John Prindle, U. S. Navy. 
Wiliard W. Pettingell, Co. A, Lt. Artil. 
Christian Quinn, ad Lt. Co. F, nth C. V. 
Chester B. Russell, Corp. Co. I, ist C. H. A. 
Angevine Rogers, ad C. Lt. Bat. 
Geo. W. Raymond, ist Lt. Co. I, 5th C. V. 

W. H. Romer, Jr., Co. E, 6th C. V. 

Chas. H. Rows, ad C. Lt Bat. 

Alfred Rich, Co. G, 17th C. V. 

Wm. Rebstock, Co. H, 6th C. V. 

Henry Roscoe, Co. B, aSlh C. V. 

Chas. Rlnaldl, Co. I, aad C. V. 

Henry A. Root, Co. K, asd C. V. 

Nathan H. Root, ist Serg. Co. M, ad C. H. A. 

James. P. Reed, U. S. Navy. 

Henry C. Roff, Mus. Co. H, xoth N. Y. V. 

Chas. Rawlins. 

Benj. F. Ross, Co. F, 15th C. V. 

Thomas Russell, Master-at-Arms, U. S. N. 

J. Wilbur Range, Mus. Co. K, 8th C. V. 

Simeon C. Rosenberg, Band, 5th C. V. 

Philip B. Segee, ist Lt C. Lt Bat 

Chas. W. Shaller, xst Lt Co. K, 7th C. V. 

Theophllus T. Smith, Co. B, 6th C. V. 

Jacob Spagle, Co. H, 7th C. V. 

Thomas H. Sterling, Co. H, xsoth N. Y. V. 

Walter F. Sage, Co. G, xst Coon. H. A. 

D. G. Silllman, ad C. Lt Battery. 
Birdsey L. Sherman, Co. A, 9th N. Y. V. 
Wm. Sheriden, Co. K. ist N. Y. Cav. 
Geo. W. Smith, Co. A, 14th C. V. 
David G. Sheriden, Co. C, 9th C. V. 
Nicholas Sanger, Co. B, 1st C. V. 
Patrick W. Seevey, Co. G, 51st N. Y. V. 
August W. Stotper. 

Michael Schneider, Co. F, aoth N. Y. V. 

P. Joseph Schonberger, Co. C, 40th N. Y. V, 

Alonzo Scranton, Co. D, 17th C. V. 

P. Shonenberger. 

Jos. Sanger, Co, D, 4th U. S. Infantry. 

Peter Seman, Serg. Co. C, ist C. Cav. 

Horace B. Stoddard, Co. D, xath C. V. 

E. G. Sherwood, Co. B, ist C. H. A. 
U. D. H. Smith, Co. G, 17th C. V. 
Solomon C. Shumway, Lt. Co. H, ai Mass. V. 
Chas. Scarritt, ad C. Lt. Battery. 

Michael Snyder, Co. F. 51st N. Y. V. 

Chas. W. Speer, ad C. Lt Battery. 

George E. Swinscoe, Captain and Mustering 

Officer, U. S. V. 
Joseph Strange, Co. A, 79th N. Y. V. 
John Slattcry, Co. D, i73d N. Y. V. 
John Simpson, Co. I, ist C. H. A. 
W. H.Smlth. Co. A,8thC. V. 
Gilbert L. Street, Co. M, ist C. H. A. 
Maurice Smend, Co. G, ist N. Y. Art 
Theodore Smith, Co. A, 8th C. V. 
L. W. Sherman, Corp. Co. I, 43d N. Y. V. 
Benjamin St John, Co. L asd C. V. 
Ernest Schultz, Co. A, 9th Ohio V. 
Edgar Squires, Co. G, i7lh C. V. 
Bennett Smith, Co. E, 8th C. V. 
Barney Shanley, Co. F, ist U. S. Art. 
J. L. Selden, Co. B, 6th Mass. V. 
Frederick Speer, Co. H, 6th C. V. 
Samuel N. Smith. Lt. Col. 7th Mich. V. 



OUver W. Treadwell, Co. D, itt C. Cav. 

Albert Tllton. 

J. M. Turney, Co. H, ist C. C«y. 

OllYcr R. Tomllnaon, Co. A, 14th C. V. 

Hormtio Tyrrell, 3d C. Lt. Btt. 

John Thornton, Co. C, ist C. H. A. 

Istac S. Taylor, Co. I, 6th C. V. 

St. Clair Techner, Lt Co. E, 9th Ohio V. 

James R. Vans, ad C. Lt. Bat 

George Valentine, Co. K, ist Vol. Bng. 

Odel B. Vredenburgrh, Co. B, 19th N. Y. V. 

Richard Wallace, Co. A, 14th C. V. 

Alexander Weed, Co. A, 28th C. V. 

Thomas K. Wood, xst Lt Co. K, sist N. Y. V. 

Bdwin S. Wilherall. Co. B, 90th Me. V. 

Martin V. Willoughby, Co. F, aad C. V. 

Daniel J. West, ist Lt. Co. I, 6th C. V. 

James W. Waterbury, U. S. N. 

James Wheeler, Capt Co. H, ist C. Cav. 

W. L. Wentwortb, Mus. Co. H, ist C. V. 

Chat. S. Wells. Co. D, 17th C. V. 

Fred M. WUmott, Mus. Co. D, 17th C. V. 

W. H. Wales, Co. I, 6th C. V. 

H. Walschilger, Co. A, ist U. S. S. S. 

W. W. Wallcer. Co. I, 6th C. V. 

Jot. B. Wells, Co. G, xoth C. V. 

Thos. N. Wheeler, Corp. Co. H, 4th N. Y. Art. 

Thomas Wood, ad Lt Co. B, 51st N. Y. V. 

G. W. Wright, Co. D, xst C. Cav. 

A. A. Watrous, Co. G, xSsth N. Y. V. 

Edward Ward, Co. K, ist Mass. H. A. 

P. D. Warner, Mus. X4th U. S. Inf. 

Benjamin E. Watrous, Corp. Co. — , xojd Vet 

R. C. 
L. F. Warner, Co. K. xoth C. V. 
David S. Walker, ad C. Lt Bat 
C. H. Whitney. 

Stephen Weaver, Co. C, 40th N. Y. V. 
David R. Waters, Co. A, 10th C. V. 
Charles P. Wurtz, Co. G, X7th C. V. 
Henry Werner, Co. — , ist C. V. 
Mark D. Wilbur, Lt Co. 159th N. Y. V. 
N. L. Wentworth, Co. F, ist Mass. Cav. 
Frank A. Wood, Q. M. xst C. Cav. 
Daniel Westrick, Co. G, 45th N. Y. V. 
Edward J. Watson, Corp. ad C. Lt Bat 
John B. Young, Lt Co. I, 7th C. V. 

Present Members, 1886. 

Wm. C. Aumack, Serg. Co. B, a9th N. J. V. 

Jacob Arnald, Co. B, ist C. V. 

Alfred C. Arnnid, Co. G, xoth C. V. 

Stephen P. Almy, isth uiiattnched Co., Mnss. V. 

Aaron S. Abbott, Co. A, 14th C. V. 

James H. Angevine. 

Antone Aitengeltinger, Corporal Co. E, 4x8t 

N. Y. V. 
GusUvus A. Abbott, Co. I, 6th C. V. 
Alfred B. Beers, Capt Co. B, 6th C. V. 
Charles E. Beers, Corp. Co. M, ist C. H. A. 
Lathrope Beers, Co. M, xst C. H. A. 
Bradley Banks, ad C. Lt Bat. 
James H. Burns, Co. I, loth C. V. 
George B. Betts, ad Lt Co. I, X9th C. V. 
Thomas Boudren, Major asth U. S. C. T., and 

Capt Co. I, 6th C. V. 
George W. Babcock, Co. G, 4th R. L V. 
Thomas Burke, Serg. Co. A, 5th N. Y. Cav. 
Thomas J. Bartley, Co. K, aoth N. Y. Cav. 
Ashbel B. Bartram, Corp. Co. I, 8th C. V. 
Wm. C. Blush, Co. F, 46th Mass. V. 
Wm. P. Burroughs, ad C. Lt Bat 
RoUin C. Baker. 
Sylvester Blinn, Co. I, 6th C. V. 
Alexander Bend, Co. H, 1x9th N. Y. V. 
JUmes H. Blakeman, Co. D, 17th C. V. 
B. C. Blakeman, Co. A, xoth C. V. 
Wm. H. Burr, Co. D, aad C. V. 
Luther S. Brocious, Co. H, 93d Penn. V. 
August S. Bodine, xst Lt Co. B, xa7th N. Y. V. 
Thomas L. Bartholomew, Adj. 9th N. Y. V. 
John B. Beardsiey. 

Ulrlch Burghardt, Corp. Co. B, X3th C. V. 

Alfred P. Buss. 

Lyman S. Catlin, xst Lt and ^. M. 5th U. S. C. 

John S. Caroll, Mus. Co. I, asth N. J. V. 
George F. Cook, Co.*D, 9th C. V. 
Tliomas C. Coats, Capt. Co. D, 9th C. V. 
James G. Clark, Co. K, ad C. H. A. 
George H. Conch, ad Lt Co. F, xst C. H. A. 
Ansii H. Conch, ad Lt Co. K, ist C. H. A. 
John C. Curtis, ist Lt Co. I, 9th C. V. 
Wra. H. Curtis, Co. C, X7th C. V. 
Henry B. Curtis, Co. A. 5th C. V. 
Henry Crofutt, U. S. N. 
Theo. A. Crofutt, Co. I, 6th C. V. 
Henry R. ChsflTee, ad Lt. ad C. Lt. Bat 
Samuel J. Chaffee, Capt 49lh Mass. V. 
John C. Copeland, Lt Co. A, X3th N. Y. V. 
Joseph P. Crossman, ad Lt. Co. E, xath C. V. 
John J. Cavanaugh, Corp. Co. C, laad N. Y. V. 

Richard A. Clancey, ist Lt Co. D, 9th C. V. 

William E. Disbrow, Corp. Co. H, ad C. H. A. 

Charles L. Derrick, Corp. Co. I, a3d C. V. 
Jacob Dietrich, Co. M, ist C. H. A. 

Patrick Donovan, Serg. Co. H, 37th Mass. V. 

Cliarles C. Drew, Co. C, x6th C. V. 

Edwin L. Downs, Co. H, aoth C. V. 

William Derringer, Corp. Co. G, X37th N. Y. V. 

Edgar A. Dean. 

Hugh Dunn. 

John B. Earl, Co. K, xst N. Y. Eng. 

Charles H. Frank, Corp. Co. K, a3d C. V. 

Philip Flynn, Corp. Co. G, 73d N. Y. V. 


History of Stratford. 

Henry J. Flint, Co. D, iiC C. Cav. 

Anson B. Fldd. Co. G, jth C. C«y. 

George H. Fox, Co, I, «lh C. C«v. 

John Fox» Co. A, 14th C. V. 

Mlohtel Frewley, Co. D, loCh C. V. 

Richard FluGlbboni, Co. H, ist C. V., Lt. Col. 

William Flnnemore, Serg. Co. D, 13th C. V. 
Edwin Freeman, Mut. Co. I, agth C. V. 
Runell Glenn, iit Serg. Co. A, S4th C. V. 
Isaac W. Gilbert, Co. A, 17th C. V. 
Wellington H. GIbbs, Co. E, Tlh C. V. 
Peter O. Gregory, Co. D, aad C. V. 
Wm. C. Geddes, ist Serg. Co. 1, 70th N. Y. V. 
James L. Green, Serg. Co. 1, 15th C. V. 
Wro. H. Green. 

James G. Goodwin, Co. D, 99th N. Y. V. 
Peter Gabler. 

Augustine Harlow, C*l>t. Co. D, 13th Mass. V. 
Joaeph Hammond, Mus. Co. F^ 83d C. V. 
Charles W. Hall, Capt. Co. D, *3d C V. 
James Haugh, Co. E. 17th C. V. 
Justus B. Hawley, ad Lt. ad C. Lt. Bat 
Rechus Hartnlng, Co. H, 6th C. V. 
Charles C. Hoyt, Cspt Co, D. 8th N. H. V. 
A. A. Holmes, Aas't Surg. 15th Me. V. 
Sylvester S. Hooper, Corp. Co. A, a7th C. V. 
Louis Held, Co. B, ist C. V. 
Henry A. Hurd, Co. M, sst C. H. A. 
Henry Hues, Mus. Co. D, 17th C. V. 
William L. Hubbell, Capt Co. D, 17th C. V. 
A Win S. Hunt, Co. A, aist C. V. 
John W. Hunt 

William H. Hlne. Corp. Co. H, asd C. V. 
Thomas F. HIckey, Co. M, ist N. Y. Cav. 
John R. Hull, Artificer, ist C. Lt. Bat 
Samuel S. Hunter. 
John Holzer. 
George Heialer. 

John P. Jaqulth, Corp. Co. C, i3«at Ohio V. 
Oris S. Jennings, Corp. Co. A, 8th C. V. 
Silas D. Johnson, Corp. Co. F, X4th R. L H. A. 
Wm. M. Jones, Band, 17th C. V. 
Henry Jaquet. 

Jno. U. Kable, Co. K, 17th C. V. 
George W. Keeler, Co. D, 17th C. V. 
John Keppy, ist Serg. Co. C, asd C. V. 
Fred C. Keller, Artificer, Co. 11, xst U. S. Arlil., 

and Co. H, 6th C. V. 
Thomas Knablln, Co. O, 9th C. V. 
Julius W. Knowlton« ad Lt Co — , 14th C. V. 
Rudolph Kost, ad Lt. Co. H, 6th C. V. 
Christian Kohlus, Ca H, 6th C. V. 
Michael Kelly. Rvt Major ad C. H. A. 
Wllllara H. Lacey, Capt. Co. D, 17th C. V. 
William H. Lattimer, U. S. N. 
Robert Lauder, Corp. Co. K, zith R. \. V. 
Patrick Laydcn, Co. B, 9th C. V. 
Charles P. Lewis, Co. I, 7th C. V. 
George M. Lewis, Co. I, 5th C. V. 

David B. Lockwood, Serg. ad C. Lt Bat 

Uwis G. Logan, xst Lt. Co. I, xst C. H. A. 

George W. Lovejoy, Corp. Co. M. xst C. H. A. 

Wm. H. Longdon, Co. A, slh C. V. 

John A. Leonard, Co. B, 95th N. Y. V. 

John A. Ludford, Corp. Co. K, ad C. H. A. 

William H. Lyon, Serg. Co. D, a7th Penn. V. 

George W. Lawmaster. 

Joseph LsYoy. 

Edward W. Marsh, Capt Co. M, ad C. H. A. 

Wm. H. Maby, Co. D, X7th C. V. 

Barney Marshall, Co. D, X7th C. V. 

John Marshall, xst Lt. xoth U. S. C. A. 

Albert Mertlus, Co. B, xst C. V. 

Moses M. Mills, Co. 1, 9th C. V. 

Frank Miller, Co. I, ist C. H. A. 

Wm. U. Mitchell, Mus. Co. A, sad Mass. V. 

Philo A. Morris, Co. E, ist C. H. A. 

Charles E. Moore, xst Serg. Co. B, 6th C. V. 

Michael McCormIck, Serg. Co. G. 6th N. Y. 

H. A. 
Chas. T. Moody, Drummer, Co. H, sth N.H. V. 
Wm. H. McNeill. 
Byron W. Munsen, Com. Surg. Co. G, xst C. 

George Munger, ist Lt ad C. Lt Bat 
• Joseph Molt, Co. D, 17th C. V. 
Fred C. Nicholas, Co. C, sad C. V. 
Sylvester Nichols, ad C. Lt Bat. 
Chas. H. Nichols, Capt. Co. D. 6th C. V. 
John Nunheimer, Seig. Co. A, xosd Battery, 

N. Y. V. 
Henry North, xst U. Co. D, X7th C. V. 
Wm. H. Nordaby, Co. K, X4th N. Y. V. 
Wm. H. Noble, Col. 17th C. V., Bvt Brig. Gen. 
Terrance O'Brien, Corp. Co. I, xoth C. V. 
Thomas W. Oatley, Co. F, ad R. I. V. 
John O'Conner, Co. I, a7th Mass. V. 
Charles 0*Nell, Co. E, ad Mass. V. 
Albert W. Overton, Co. M, ist C. H. A. 
William R. Palmer, ad C. Lt. Bat 
Stephen T. Palmer, Co. C, slh C. V. 
William C. Peck, Seaman, U. S. N. 
Edward Peet, Corp. Co. I, xath C. V. 
George L. Porter, Ass't Surgeon, U. S. A. 
Warren W. Porter, ist Lt Co. L, 7th 111. Cav. 
Michael Pickett, Co. K, X7th C. V. 
Edward M. Presbrey, Co. A, 13th C. V. 
Granville Piatt, Co. I, 6th C. V. 
Horace Plumb, Co. D, i7th C. V. 
W. E. Parker. 

John H. Porter, Serg. Co. K, 17th C. V. 
Charles W. Phipps. 

Lyman L. Rose, Serg. Co. E, 46 Mass. V. 
Renj. F. Remington, Co. F, loth Mass. V. 
Charies Rohrback, Corp. Co. B, ist C. \. 
Wm. H. Robertson, Co. A, ist Cal. 
Michael Rock, Co. C, 7th C. V. 
Elbert Ruggles. 
Harian P. Rugg, Capt Co. 1, 5th C. V. * 



WnilAm RyMi, Co. 1, aad C. V. 

Chftrles H. Russell, Major, ist Md. Cav. 
James Reddy. 

Walter L. Savage, sd Lt. loth C. V. 
Fred*k O. Seeley, ad C. Lt. Bat 
Henry J. Seeley, loth Indep. Lt. Bat. 
George A. Staples, xstSerg. Co. I« C. V. 
Henry W. Stevens, Co. C, 14th C. V. 
Henry G. Stevens, Co. E. 31st N. Y. V. 
Charles W. Stevens, sst Serg. Co. I, 7th C. V. 
Henry Stephens, Co. H, asth N. Y. V. 
Wm. W. Stevens, Corp. ad C. Lt. Bat, 
George C. Stewart, Co. C, ad C. H. A. 
Joseph Strasburger, Co. I, sjd C. V. 
Henry Shadt, Serg. Co. G, ad C. H. A. 
John S. Selden, Co. B, 6th Mass. V. 
Charles B. Shelton, Corp. Co. I, ajd C. V. 
John M. Speldel, Lt. Col. xst and 6th C. V. 
John H. Sweet, Co. G, 7th C. V. 
Bamum Slocum, xst Serg. Co. G, N. Y. V. 
Samuel B. Sumner, Lt. Col. 49th Mass. V. 
Henry Stagg. 

James H. Smith, xst Lt. Co. H, 43d N. Y. V. 
Frederick Smith. Co. K, 6th C. V. 
James P. Smith, Co. K, xsth C. V. 
Henry H. Smith, Corp. Co. I, a7th C. V. 
Charles L. Smith, Co. F, X7th C. V. 
Thomas P. Smith, Co. D, xgad N. Y. V. 
Seaman Hiclcs, Mus. Co. C, ad C. H. A. 
Samuel Thorpe, Serg. Co. K, 17th C. V. 
Joseph Tyler, ist Serg. Co. A, loth C. V. 
Frank B. Taylor, Co. E, N. Y. V. 
Lyman M. Turney, Serg. U. S. Marines. 

Frederick D. Tomlinson, Co. B, ist C. H. A. 

Blam M. Tongue. 

Jno. W. Thompson. 

Horace Treat 

Geo. S. Thompson. 

John L. Thomas. 

Bdmund Thompson, Corp. ad C. Lt. Bat. 

Frederick Uschman, Serg. Co. B, 68th N. Y* V. 

William Van Gasbeck, Co. D, asd C. V. 

George C. Waldo, Co. B, ad C. V. 

Patrick Wade, Jr., Serg. Co. K, x7th C. V. 

Fred L. Warren, Co. A. a3d C. V. 

Frank J. Warner, Corp. Co. H, ad C. H. A. 

Henry E. Walte, Co. K, X7th C. V. 

Eugene Ward, Lt. Co. B, Louisiana Engineers. 

Wm. N. Walsh, Co. K, 14th Mass. V. 

Frank M. Welch, xst Lt. Co. F, 54th Mass. V. 

Will H. Weicht, Co. L, 3d Pa. Cav. 

Osmer B. Wells. 

Wm. Wellington, Artificer, 34th Indep. Battery, 

N. Y. V. 
Frank H. Whiting, xst Lt ad C. Lt Bat 
Wm. H. Whiting. 

Chas. E. Williams, Com. Serg. ad N. Y. Cav. 
Geo. E. Williams, Co. A, ad C. V. 
Stephen H. Wright, Co. B, 75th N. Y. V. 
Daniel Worcester. 

Myron H. White, Corp. ad C. Lt. Bat. 
L. Whittaker. 
Wm. H. Wheeler. 

Sylvanus Wordin, Co. C, loth N, Y. V. 
Wm. B. Wilcoxson. 
Frank J. Young, A. A. Surgeon, U. S. N. 

List of Physicians in Bridgeport. 

Daniel Clifford, was 
drowned June, 1781. 

James Eaton Beach, 1778, 
d. 1838. 

Dr. Tisdale. 

Thomas Holman.** 

Samuel Simons. 

William B. Nash. 

Samuel Beach. 

David H. Nash. 

Frederick J, Judson. 

Hanford N. Bennett 

Robert Hubbard. 

Joseph S. French. 

J. R. Gumming. 
Elijah Gregory. 
G. Ohnesorg. 
A. E. Barber. 
H. L. W. Burritt 
George L. Beers. 
L. H. Norton. 
Ed. W. Winslow. 
G. F. Lewis. 
A. H. Abernelhy. 
Seth Hill. 
William H. Hine. 
A. J. Smith. 
Richard W. Bull. 


Henry H. Davidson. 
C. E. Sanford. 
Curtis H. Bill. 
Francis J. Young. 
Robert Lauder. 
George L. Porter. 
N. E. Wordin. 
Charles W. Sheflfrey. 
A. A. Holmes. 
George M. Teople. 
Sidney Bishop. 
Stanley P. Warren. 
Edward T. Ward. 

** Doctor Holman, the first missionary physician to the Sandwich Islands, 
returned to Bridgeport in 182a and died here in 1826. 



History of Stratford. 

Martin J. Buetch. 
Bjron W, M unton. 
F. M. Wilion. 
John Becker. 
William J. Wakeman. 
T, F. Martin. 
J. W. King. 
F. A. Rice. 
B. F. Bronson. 

Mary J. Rising. 
W. B. Beet>e. 
W. H. Bunnell. 
J. W. Wright 
F. B. Downs. 
C. S. Hoag. 
W. C. Bowers. 
H. P. Coie. 
W. T. Delamater. 

A. M. Lyons. 

A. N. Phillips. 
Jacob May. 
C. C. Godfrey. 
W. H. Donaldson. 
Samuel Garlick. 
Andrew Gilroy. 
Henry Blodget. 
John E. Kelly. 

IA9t of the Lawyers who have practiced in Bridgeport, with the date of 
tlteir admittance to the bar, to far as could be ascertained, at the time. 

Thaddeus Benedict, Stratford, 1797; 

died here Oct. 6, 1799. 
Benjamin Hall. 
Pierrepont Edwards, New Haven about 

Charles Winton. 

Joseph Backus, 

Alanson Hamlin. 

Joseph Wood. 

Fitch Wheeler. 

Mark Moore. 

Henry Dutton. 

James C. Loomis, 1832. 

Elisha S. Abernethy. 

Richard C. Ambler, 1878. 

Oswald P. Backus, 1883. 

Frank E. Baldwin. 

Sidney B. Beardaley, 1843. 

Morris B. Beardsley, 1872. 

Alfred B. Beers, 1871. 

William D. Bishop, 1875. 

William D. Bishop. Jr.. 1886. 

Henry T. Blake, 1851, Fairfield Co.; 

Hartford Co. 1850. 
John A. Boughton. 
Stephen S. Blake. N. H. Co., 187a. 
Ebenezer Burr, 1874, N. H. Co.; 1874, 

Fairfield Co. 
Israel M. Bullock, 1866; died Oct., 

Charles S. Canfield. 1875. 
Frank M. Canfield. 
Frederick Chittenden. 
John C. Chamberlain. Olmstead Co., 

Minn., 1874 ; Fairfield Co., 1876. 
James H. Cooney. 
Joseph H. Collins. 
William H. Comley, 1884. 
Howard J. Curtis, 1883. 
Daniel Davenport, 1875. 
Robert E. DeForest, N. H. Co., 1869. 
Charles A. Doten. 1872. 
Theodore W. Downs. Litchfield Co. to 

Fairfield Co., 1874. 

** Judge Pierrepont Edwards, son of the metaphysician, born at Northampton. 
, Mass.. April 8. 1750; died at Bridgeport, Conn., April 14. 1826. was graduated at 
Princeton College in 1768. His father being a missionary to the Stockbridge 
Indians, his youth was passed among them, and he acquired their language per- 
fectly. He commenced the practice of law in New Haven in 1771 ; took an early 
and efficient part in the councils of Connecticut in favor of Independence ; served 
in the Revolutionary army, and was in two hard fought battles, including that of 
Danbury. He was a member of the old Congress. 1787-8, and an able advocate 
for the Constitution of the United States, in the convention held to ratify it. He 
was judge of the United States district court of Connecticut at the time of his 
decease. He was the founder of the "Toleration party" in Connecticut, and by 
his ability and perseverance drew upon himself the animosity of the Calvinists. 
He w^s the first Grand Master of Masons in Connecticut, and was the father of 
H. W. and Ogden Edwards. 



Frederick J. Fox. 

VanReosselaer C. Giddings, Litchfield 

Co.. 1861 ; Fairfield Co., 1869. 
Louis K. Gould, 1882. 
Fredericlc B. Hall, 1871. 
Edwin F. Hall, 1881. 
William T. Havlland. 1882. 

David F. Hollister, 1851, Litchfield Co.; 
Fairfield Co., 1854. 

Gideon H. Hollister. 

Henry Hugins. 

William H. Kelsey, 1880. 

Frank L. Holt, 1877. 

Sherman H. Hubbard, 1881. 

Frank J. Hughes. 

Francis Ives, 1848. 

Joseph A. Joyce, 1878. 

Bernard Keating, 1880. 

Jacob B. Klein, 1883. 

Howard H. Knapp. 

Frank G. Lewis. 

David B. Lockwood, 1851. 

Michael C. McGuinness, 1878. 

Hugh D. McGee. 

Edward F. Mocker, 1877. 

Louis N. Mlddlebrook. 

Eugene Morehouse, 1882. 

Dwight Morris. 1841. 

William H. Noble. 

Frank P. Norman, 1879. 

Wilfred E. Norton, N. H. Co., 1867. 

J. Wilbur Parrott. 

Eugene B. Peck, 1875. 

John J., 1878. 

Charles Bostwick.^ 

Patrick Phelan, 1886. 

Frank L. Rodgers, z88i. 

Joseph J. Rose, 1885. 

Henry S. Sanford, Litchfield Co., 1854. 

William K. Seeley, 1852. 

Morris W. Seymour. 

Edward W. Seymour, 1856 ; Fairfield 
Co., 1876. 

Cyrus M. Shelton, 1886. 

Henry T.Shelton, Jr. 

William R. Shelton, 1872. 

Charles Sherwood, 1875. 

Lucius M. Slade, N. Lond. Co., 1861 ; 
Fairfield Co.. 1863. 

Friend W. Smith, Jr., 1882. 

Ernest L. Staples, 1883. 

William H. Stevenson, 1878. 

Goodwin Stoddard, 1868. 

Isaac M. Sturges. 1837. 

£. Stewart Summer, 1878. 

Samuel B. Sumner, Mass., 1852 ; Fair- 
field Co., 1863. 

Albert M. Tallmadge. 1877. 

Curtis Thompson, Middlesex Co., 1864 ; 
Fairfield Co., 1864. 

Amos S. Treat, 1843 ; died 1886. 

Morris Tuttle. 

George W. Warner, 1848. 

Levi Warner. 

George W. Wheeler, Jr., 1883. 

Mark D. Wilbur. Fairfield Co.. 1877. * 

William C. Wildman. 

James A. Wilson, 1865 ; N. H., 1874. 

Albert M. Wooster, 1883. 

^ Hon. Charles Bostwich was graduated at Yale College in 1796 , 
studied law under Judge Reeve at Litchfield, Conn., and was admitted to the bar 
of Fairfield county in 1799. ^^ continued in the practice of the law at Bridge- 
port until 1810. when he removed to the city of New York, where he was exten- 
sively engaged in mercantile business until 1837, when he retired from business 
and resumed his residence at Bridgeport. 

In 1840 he was elected mayor of the city and chief judge of the City Court. 




ESPECTING this town a whole volume 
I might be written,' and probably will be; but 
I it would require years of time to do it. The 
territory was originally a part of Stratford 
and was owned by Stratford inhabitants 
seventy-eight years before the ecclesiastical 
society of Ripton was organized, and hence 
all of its history during that time — whether 
littleor great — was connected with Stratford, 
and whatever public records there are con- 
cerning it are mingled with those of Stratford 
township. After this the society continued 
seventy-two years before the privileges of a 
town were granted. These things, with 
others, make the task of securing a complete 
history more arduous but not less interesting. 

Philip Denman and Daniel Collins are the first persons 
found as actual settlers in what is now the town of Hunting- 
ton. These persons leased some land of John Hurd and 
located on it to work it and fulfill their agreement, but as 
they had not been accepted as inhabitants by the vote of the 
town, an effort was made to send them out of the town, 
although it did not succeed. The act of the town meeting 
November 12, 1697, says: "Voted that Philip Denman and 
Daniel Collins should not have liberty to live and dwell at 
Pagassutt on Stratford side the river during their lease of 
land with John Hurd ; the townsmen to use their discretion 

' For Indian deeds of ihis tett\ioij see pages ai to a$, and (or some plans for 
dividing Ihe land see pages 3B3 and 384 of this book. For ibe itact of land owned 
bjr Joseph Judson in (his localiif see page 351. 

XL yr'JKasxa^ the Iswr a^soiat rheoLT ti JamarTr r^T^-ftx 
tnit r^xeii ^'^ caxTj chis nrnfrfrr aefisre dte Geueiii l Court; 
iftiut aibtmraris seme nird&er cruoisie arose out of it., bat tbe 
^dr::i» *SjI occ {ts at cixat rime. Sor Joixa Barrf s fiimiers ooa- 

A UtcLe Tj^Sex^ the jear t^x Abnifffn Wooster settled oa 
f!A0t vuTjTJi ttrie ot Farmill rrrer^ aear its moutk^ wbcrc ni 1710 
f>»erai DskTi/i Wocscer was bonx. Oa dus &n&, fast ia tlie 
r«r ^/ the procat paper null oa FanniK rivcTp oa the bbf, 
iras a baryoig^'pUce of asosderable nrmt. A few grare 
«Me$ are there sow franrffng. There were probsbt j quite a 
snm !xr of the earliest tsbabctaflLts of the loczlit j buied there. 

EiCi^lestastxcal societies were oftea the isremnersof tmrn- 
thtp4 ift the cfAaaj rJL Coonecticnt* as ia the case of Hanting* 
Uj^s 'vhere the iocietj existed serentj-tvo jcars bcfinre the 
ti>wa iras organixed. Upoo its or^asixatioB, vhich made the 
thtrd i/jcietj wttbia the township of Stratford, the priril^es 
xtA retpoftiibilities of such societies were niore definitely 
e^ik?>U%hed bj the General Coart than thej had been before/ 
it bein^ a necessary precaatioa against neglect as well as 
arbitrary assumption of power. 

7 he petition which secured the privilege of a separate 
ecclesiastical society for the inhabitants of the northern part 
of the to^n of Stratford was dated April 29* 1717, and had 
orily three names attached to it at the end, and although the 
re^iuest of the petition was granted the next May. yet the old 
Stratford society required these northern settlers to pay their 
ef;cl^%iastical tax for the support of the minister at Stratford 
villaffe for six months after the grant, until by the Assembly 
they were regularly released. 

Petition f§r EtcUsiastUal PriviUgts} 

"To fh« Ilon'ble Gourr and Represeniatiues of bis Majesties Colinj of 
Coftftter.ui u> b« coonend at Hartford oa the 2 Thursda/ of Ma/ aexL 

** Tb« humble petition of Jonas Wosier in the bebalf of himself and the inhab. 
Iiaois of the northen partf of Stratford humbly sheweth 

"Thai whereas the aforesaid inhabitants by reason of there distance from 
5itratford canut haue the benifite of the publick ministry some liueing 8 miles 

* See Colonial Records, VII, 34. 

' HfKik, Ecclesiatiical Papers, State Librar)*, toI. II, 189. 

Huntington, 957 

some 6 miles and some 10 miles of from the town and by reson cannot santifie the 
Sabbath as they ought to do and considering that faith comes by hearing the word 
preached and how can wee hear without a preacher, do pray this Hon'able Court 
that they may haue a minister amonge themselus at there own charges and that 
they may be freed from paying to the town of Stratford. 

"They do altso pray this Hon'able Court that they may be a Village by them- 
seWes and that they may haue the priuieledges belonging to a vilage. 

"They do allso pray this Hon'able Court that whereas the township of Strat- 
ford is I a miles northerly from the sea that they might haue the northermost 6 miles 
belonging to there village: so as to begin at the mouth of the Furmill Riuer and 
run westerly to the 6 miles bounds at Trapfall Hill below The Beardly hous and 
so 6 miles from the sea till they come to the west side of Stratford bounds or to 
Stratfeild bounds. 

"Wee pray this Hon'ble Court if it is with reason as we are now begining 
with this great concern we hope for the glory of God and the good of the publick 
and being at great charges if this Uon'able Court would please to remit our 
publick charges for some certain time would be great incoragment to us and your 
petioners shall euer pray. 

"Stratford 29 Aprill 1717. Daniel Shilton. 

Peter Malyde.? 
Samuel! Walker." 

The Grant for Ecclesiastical Ptivileges, 

"May, 1717. Upon consideration. of the petition of the farmers inhabiting the- 
northern parts of the town of Stratford : This Assembly do now grant to the said 
farmers the liberty and privilege of a parish and a society by and of themselves 
within the said town of Stratford, for the settling, upholding and maintaining of 
the public worship of God amongst tliem, with all such liberties, powers and 
privileges, as other societies and congregations in this Colony generally have and 
do enjoy by law ; and that the bounds of the said parish or society shall be as fol- 
lows, viz: to begin at the mouth of the Far Mill river, and from thence the line 
to run to a Six Mile bound, near Mr. Stiles* mill, and from thence to a Six Mile 
bound near Thomas Beardsley*s house, and from thence westward as far as Peter 
Burr, Esq., Capt. Joseph Wakeman and Lieut. Richard Hubbell, upon their view 
of the circumstances of the land, shall think is necessary for the said parish ; and 
that all the lands northward of the aforesaid line within the bounds of said town 
of Stratford shall be one entire parish until this Assembly shall see meet to 
divide the said lands into two distinct parishes. Provided always, that no person 
who is owner of any lands northward of the aforesaid line and doth not dwell 
there, shall or may be taxed or rated for his said lands for or towards defraying 
the charge of (he said society."^ 

This grant was not complete in the powers and privileges 
needed, and the General Court in the next October, 1717, 
enacted the following : 

"This Assembly having granted In May last, to the farmers inhabiting the 
^ Col. Records VI., 8. 

958 History of Stratford, 

northern parts of the town of Stratford, the liberty and privilege of a parish and 
society, by and of tbemseWes, for the settling, upholding and maintaining the 
public worship of God amongst them, with all such liberties, powers and privi- 
leges as other societies and congregations in this Colony generally have and do 
enjoy by law. Upon consideration of the petition of the said farmers now pre- 
sented, praying they may be enabled, by allowing them their country rates for 
four years, to pay parish charges; This Assembly grant that the inhabitants of 
said parish shall be and are hereby discharged from paying country rates during 
the time of four years next ; provided they pay the like sums as their county rates 
shall amount to, unto Mr. Benjamin Curtice and Mr. Daniel Shelton of Stratford, 
to be disposed of towards the promoting and settling the public worship of God 
within the said parish ; and that the said parish be called and known by the name 
of Riptonr^ 

This was the society of Huntington, still known as the 
Congregational, and the above acts constituted its organiza- 
tion, when its officers had been elected. The name " Ripton" 
is said to have been chosen because it was that of the place in 
England from which Daniel Shelton came, and this evidences 
that Daniel Shelton had a leading influence in the organiza- 
tion of the society. 

. As may be seen by the act of incorporation of this society, 
a large proportion of the land within its bounds could not be 
taxed for the support of a minister because the owners resided 
out of its bounds, that is, in Stratford village, and hence it 
was very difficult to secure a minister. The proprietors of 
the common landd residing in the old village saw the import- 
ance of securing a resident minister in Ripton, and hence in 
1719, appropriated 56 acres* as settlement for a minister who- 
ever he should be, to which in 1720-21 they added 44 acres 
more for the same object; and in April, 1723, a town record 
says, that Ripton having prevailed with Mr. Robert Treat to 
settle with them, the town of Stratford voted to give him the 

■ Col. Records VI., 29. 

* September 15, 1719. For the encouragement and settlement of the ministry 
in Ripton Parish the proprietors by vote did grant for the settlement of a Presby- 
terian minister amongst them ten acres of land for a home lot and sixteen acres of 
pasture land and twenty acres of upland and ten acres of swamp land for meadow, 
all to belong to said minister that shall settle in the work of the ministry among 
them and continue with them in said work to his death then said lands to be his 
own forever — the committee for laying out land, to measure it and bound it at the 
charge of Ripton Parish." — See Town Acts. 

Huntington. 959 

100 acres of land upon his ordination. But Mr. Treat for 
some reason or cause, unknown, did not settle here. 

The difficulty of raising sufficient funds or salary to sup- 
port a minister was so great after being released from paying 
country rates the resort to the Assembly by petition was 
again employed, and resulted in making Stratford village' 
people pay back double and treble what they had collected 
of Ripton society for the first six months of this society 

"May, 1722. Upon the petition of the parish of Ripton: It is granted and 
ordered by this Assembly, that it may and shall be lawful for the society of the 
parish aforesaid to levy a tax of two shillings on every hundred acres of land 
within the bounds of their parish which are laid out to particular persons living In 
the town of Stratford and not lyabte by the law to be put into the publick list ; 
and that the unimproved lands belonging to those who do not dwell in the town 
of Stratford shall pay a tax of one penny an acre for four years next coming ; and 
that ail the lands which ought to be put into the public list shall be paid for to the 
said parish by those who live out of the parish as by those who dwell in it ; and 
all the improved lands within said parish to pay to the parish till this Court shall 
order otherwise ; and all the money granted to said parish to be improved for a 
minister settled according to the establishment of this government."^ 

The settlers in Ripton were, many of them, the children 
of Stratford land proprietors and these proprietors were all 
interested in having a minister settled in Ripton, and schools 
established, in order to the further settlement of the place as 
well as their religious improvement. 

But few of the Ripton settlers were middle-aged, wealthy 
men, yet the society soon attained a large influence in the 
county, and its ministers quite celebrated in the Colony. 

Jonas Wooster's name is mentioned in the beginning 
of the first petition, as the leader of the petitioners, although 
his name was not among the signers at the end of it. He was 
the son of Edward Wooster, the first settler at Derby, born 
about 1675, and perhaps had been living near his brother 
Abraham at Farmill river some years. In 1717 he purchased 
the grist mill on the south side of Farmill river of William 
Smith, with three acres of land, and his descendants remained 
in the vicinity many years. 

' Col. Records VI., 314. 

960 History of Stratford. 

JDanM Shelton is said to have come from Ripon, a 
village on the river Ure in Yorkshire, England. He arrived 
in Stratford apparently in the early part of the year 1686, 
for in a town vote May 6, 1686, he was granted the privilege 
of building a warehouse and wharf, and improved the grant, 
for his warehouse is mentioned the next December in a town 
vote and he continued a merchant of the place about twenty 

He married Elizabeth, daughter of Capt. Samuel Wells of 
Wethersfield, April 4, 1692 ; and purchased a house and lot 
of the Rev. Zechariah Walker, the deed being dated the day 
after his marriage, April 5, 1692. This house stood south of 
the green on Watchhouse Hill, a little way from the meeting 
house. The Rev. Mr. Chauncey's house stood on the corner 
of the green next east from Mr. Shelton's, and James Judson's 
next west on the Judson place. 

Mr. Shelton's iirst piece of land was purchased in 1689, 
ten acres ''upon Pagassett river above the White Hills.*' In 
1691, he received deeds for 230 acres of land not laid out, 
they being pieces he purchased of several parties, called 
division land, that is, land that had never been located. 

A peculiar record is made by the town clerk of Stratford 
immediately under the deed of the iirst ten acres, as follows : 

'' May a, 1692. The Marshall of the county of Fairfield by virtue of a writ 
under Governor Treat's hand bearing date 23 April, 1692, arrested the body of 
Mr. Daniel Shilton, who was his prisoner above one hour and said Shilton pre- 
sented these ten acres of land bought of Josiah Nichols, above recorded and the 
Marshall accepted thereof as security for his appearace to enforce said writ. 

Test. Joseph Curtiss, Recorder. 

" Samuel Squire, Marshall of the foresaid county of Fairfield appeared before 
me this 25th of A prill, 1693, and released the above said land. 

Joseph Curtiss, Commissioner." 

No definite information is given as to the occasion of this 
arrest, but it being by order of the Governor, it was probably 
something connected with his business as an importing mer- 
chant, such as duties on goods, for it could not have been 
town matters. His having a warehouse and wharf shows 
that he was a shipping, as well as a retail merchant, and about 
a year later the sheriff released the land, showing that Mr. 
Shelton cleared himself from all claims. 

Huntington. 961 

A little over four years later Mr. Shelton lost a horse^ 
apparently by the neglect of the town, for which he entered 
suit, but the town voted him a certain amount of damages^ 
which the record says was to his satisfaction.* 

Another item shows how he obtained some of his land. 
Having furnished various articles and provisions for the 
Indian war in 1693, and waited seven years for his pay — debts 
did not outlaw then — he petitioned the General Assembly for 
some land in remuneration for his goods and loss by delay of 
payment, and the Assembly gave him 200 acres, to be located 
outside of the claims of individuals and towns.' This land he 
sold to Mr. John Reed, who preached in Stratford four years 
from 1703, and Mr. Reed located it near "Hogg Ridge, be- 
tween Danbury and Fairfield," and which afterwards consti- 
tuted a part of the town of Redding. 

Another enterprise is found in which Daniel Shelton was 
interested. In 1671, Henry Tomlinson and others purchased 
a tract of land at Weantinock, now New Milford, and in 1706, 
a decision in the General Assembly was rendered in favor of 
Mr. John Reed, Richard Blackleach, Lt. Agur Tomlinson 
and Daniel Shelton, as owners of this tract.** 

Mr. Samuel Eells, Joseph Treat, Joseph Peck, Edward 
Camp and others of Milford had recently purchased of the 
Indians this same tract of land — nearly 30,000 acres ; and as 
soon as they began work on it Mr. Reed and his company 


* *' March 5, 1696-7. The town considering Mr. Daniel Shilton's loss in loosing 
his horse by breaking his leg by jumping over the fence or runing over the bridge,, 
have this day by vote granted to Mr. Shilton twenty shillings to be paid by the 
town treasurer at or before the first day of March next, in current marchantable 
pay, and hereupon said Shilton withdrew his process against the town upon the 
account of his horse and declared himself satisfieid. 

Joseph Curtiss, Recorder." 

* '* May, 1700. Daniel Shelton, manifesting to this Assembly that he hath 
suffered much loss and damage by supplying the country with several provisions 
as rum and other things, in the Indian war, by reason he was not paid in seven 
years after, and petitioning this Assembly to give him some of the country land to 
recompense him ; upon the consideration aforesaid, this Assembly doth grant to 
him, the said Daniel Shelton, two hundred acres of land, provided he take it up 
where it may not prejudice any former grant to any plantation or any particular 
person." — Col. Records IV., 322. 

'• Col. Records V., 112, 133. 

962 History of Stratford. 

sued them. According to a letter written to the General 
Assembly some years later by Mr. Reed, this case was tried 
in Court fifteen times, in which Mr. Reed's company were 
victorious, but the sixteenth time before the General Court in 
1 7 10, they lost it, and then gave up the contest." Mr. Henry 
Tomlinson's purchase of the Indians was made by special per- 
mission of the General Court, and hence the decision of the 
Court was so many times in favor of his heirs, but when the 
case reached the General Court the sixteenth time the Deputy 
Governor being then one of the New Milford company, the 
case was decided against Mr. Reed's company. 

A petition dated 20th of April, 171 7, was sent to the 
General Assembly by the •' inhabitants of the northern parts 
of Stratford " to be made a village, as then called, or in other 
words an ecclesiastical society, and Daniel Shelton's name is 
the first on this petition." The request was granted at the 
May session of that year; and at the same time Mr. Shelton 
was appointed to a military office according to the following 
record : 

*' May, 171 7. This Assembly do establish and confirm Mr. Daniel Shilion of 
Stratford to be Lieutenant of the company or trainband at the village of the 
northern parts of the town of Stratford aforesaid." 

The next autumn this village petitioned the Assembly to 
release them from the ** country tax *' so as to aid them in 
supporting a minister, which petition was granted and the 
society was named ** Repton," after the village of Ripon in 
England from which Mr. Shelton came. This society was 
the Ripton Congregational Society, afterwards changed to 
the town of Huntington; and upon being released from 
country taxes for four years, the Court required that the 
same taxes should be raised and used to promote "the public 
worship of God within the said parish," and this money was 
to be paid into the hands of ** Mr. Benjamin Curtice and Mr. 
Daniel Shelton ** for the specific purpose named. 

Here, then, was Daniel Shelton as one of the two 
foremost men in this Congregational Society in 1717. In 

" New Milford History, 15. 

" Vol. II, 189, Ecclesiastical Records. Stale Library, Hartford. 

Huntington. 963 


May, 1723, this society obtained a further release for two 
years from country taxes, to aid in support of the gospel, and 
at that time a complaint was* made against Daniel Shelton 
according to the following record : . 

" May, 1723. And whereas this Assembly at their session in October, 1717, 
ordered that the country rate to be levied on said parish for the space of four 
years next after said session, should be discharged from the public treasury and 
paid unto Mr. Benjamin Curtice and Mr. Daniel Shelton of Stratford, who were 
entrusted to dispose of the same for the setting up the public worship of God In 
said parish : And whereas the inhabitants of said parish complain that Mr. Daniel 
Shelton hath not disposed of the money he has received by virtue of said act of 
this Court according to the true intent of said act, and refuseth to deliver such 
sums of money, or be accountable for the same : This Assembly do order Mr. 
Daniel Shelton to make up accounts of all such moneys as he hath received of 
said rates, before Capt. John Ilawlcy and Mr. Edmund Lewis of Stratford, some 
time in the month of Juno next, and forthwith, after such auditing and settling 
said accounts, to pay in to Mr. Benjamin Curtice what he shall be found in arrear 
in said accounts ; and said Mr. Curtice is ordered and impowered to improve 
said moneys for setting up and promoting the public worship of God in said 

The explanation of this is, doubtless, that the communi- 
cants of the Episcopal church had made, in 1722, an effort to 
establish Episcopal services in Ripton, and as some of them 
had paid taxes in raising this money Mr. Shelton held it in 
order to have a decision of the General Court as to whether 
any part of it and any taxes for the future could be secured 
for the support of the Episcopal church. 

It is important 10 notice here the reported persecutions 
of Daniel Shelton, because he was a communicant in the 
Episcopal church. That there were such proceedings under 
Connecticut law, something like those described, and called 
persecutions, in order to collect ministerial rates for legal 
churches, is not denied, but what to make of this representa- 
tion as to Daniel Shelton is the question. 

In a book called ** Church Documents*' in ** Connecticut,** 
page 39, it is stated : **A true narrative of the late persecu- 
tion, which hath been cruelly acted by the authority of the 
Colony of Connecticut in New England, upon and against the 
members of the Church of England.*' This whole "narra- 
tive,** of six octavo pages, is related against the inhabitants of 

" Col. Records VI., 375. 

964 History of Stratford. 

the town of Stratford, and to it are attached ten names of 
Stratford men, namely: Timothy Titharton and William 
Smith, as church wardens, and William Rawlinson, William 
Jeanes, John Johnson, Richard Blacklatch, Daniel Shelton, 
Archibald Dunlap, Jas. Humphrys and James Clarke ; none 
of them belonged to the families of the original settlers except 

One mystery about this ** narrative" is that it is without 
date, although it is represented to be an application to the 
Honorable Society of England for an Episcopal minister to be 
sent to Stratford. 

In this paper it is said : " The above said town of Strat- 
ford, in the fore mentioned year 1705, being destitute of a 
minister." This is literally untrue, for Mr. John Read, a 
licensed preacher, was regularly employed by the town of 
Stratford from 1703 until March, 1707, as their minister in 
view of a settlement among them. 

It is in the eighth section of this "narrative" that Daniel 
Shelton is represented as having been taken to prison in the 
year 1709 because he would not pay the taxes laid upon him 
for the support of the legal (or Congregational) minister.'* It 
should be remembered that at that time there were no regu- 
lar services held in Stratford by an Episcopal minister. Was 
Daniel Shelton the man to refuse to support the gospel unless 

'^ ** Notwithstanding all thif they ftill persisted with rigor to continue their 
persecution, and seized the body of Daniel Shelton, at his habitation or farm, being 
about eight miles distant from the town, and hurrying of him away toward the 
town in order to carry him to the county gaol ; passing by a house, he requested 
of them that he might go in and warm him. and lake some refreshment, which was 
granted ; but they being in a hurry bid him come along, but he desiring a little 
longer time, they barbarously laid violent hands on his person, and flung his body 
across a horse's back, and called for ropes to tie him on the horse ; to the truth of 
which several persons can give their testimony, and are ready when thereunto 
called ; and having brought him to the town, they immediately seized the bodies 
of William Rawlinson and Archibald Dunlap, and carried them, all three, to the 
county gaol, it being the 16^^ day of January, 1709, and there confined them until 
such time as they disbursed such sums of money as the gaoler demanded of them, 
which money was left in the hands of the Lieut. Governor, Nathan Gold, Esq., he 
promising them that the next general court should hear and determine the matter, 
and that the money left in his hands should be disposed of as the court should 
order, and they were at present released, being the 17^'* day of the same instant." 
— Church Documents, I, 42. 

Huntington. 965 

in his own church, under the circumstances of those days? 
Nothing in his whole life indicates such a spirit. He had, 
apparently, supported the Congregational church by paying 
his ministerial taxes during, at least, eighteen preceding years, 
without complaint, and eight years later he stands at the head 
of a petition for a legal Congregational society at Ripton, 
and the society was named in honor of him, and he and Ben- 
jamin Curtiss were made the committee of that society to 
receive and disburse the money raised by taxes for the Con- 
gregational minister. If he was " barbarously" taken to 
prison as represented, he was a fine example of Christian life, 
in forgiving all those fellows who handled him so roughly, 
and in a few years after joining with them, heart and hand, to 
support just such a society as had haled him to prison on a 
cold day of January, without sufficient food to eat, if the nar- 
rative be true. 

Then, how could they take Daniel Shelton to jail for a 
small debt, when he was the owner of something near a 
thousand acres of land, and had personal property enough, 
doubtless, to support a minister alone one year? How could 
it be done when the specific terms of every writ issued in 
such cases, said to the shcrifi": "And for want of such money, 
goods or chattels of the said [person] by him shown unto you, 
or found within your precincts, for satisfying the aforesaid 
sums, you are hereby commanded to take the body of the said 
[person] and him commit unto the keeper of the county gaol 
in the county aforesaid, within the said prison"? The col- 
lection of ministerial tax was under the same law as the col- 
lection of any other ordinary debt of business transactions, 
and to take a debtor to jail when he had property to answer 
the claims, would have been a violation of the freedom of that 
day as well as at the present, unless the individual upon his 
own decision elected to go to prison rather than to surrender 
his property. Therefore if he did go to jail — which is proba- 
ble — he went for the purpose of testing the legality of collect- 
ing a tax of. a member of the Episcopal church to pay a 
Congregational minister. And this is just what the Fairfield 
churchmen did in 1727, as stated by the Rev. Philo Shelton 
in his historical sermon. 


History of Stratford. 

As to the •' persecution" and " barbarous" treatment, if 
the •* narrative" be literally true, how much did Daniel Shelton 
care about them ? Just so much that only eight years after he 
became the leading man in just such a society as had taken 
him to prison, and thereby stood in position to boss the job of 
taking some of his Episcopal brethren to prison as he had been. 

Benjamin Oiirtisa, son of John the first in Stratford, 
probably settled on lands given him by his father, or his 
father-in-law. He married Esther, daughter of Joseph Jud- 
son, who owned a large tract of land where Huntington 
village is located. He was probably among the first settlers 
in that vicinity, and was for many years a prominent man in 
the society. and place. 

Huntington Burying-places, 

The first meetinghouse in Ripton was located about half 
a mile east of the present churches of Huntington village, 
a little way up the hill, on the north side of the road, where 
now are four grave-stones with inscriptions, and several 
others without any lettering or dates. The following are the 
inscriptions still remaining; several stones, doubtless, having 
been removed. 

In Memory of 

Mr* "Nathan Letvis, Who departed 
tins Life after a painful sickness with 
the small-Pox, April y" 4 A.D. 1777, 
& in the 58 year of his Age. 

In Memory of 

Mrs, Itvth Lewis, Wife of Mr. 
Nathan Lewis, who died Feb. 10, 1807. 

In memory of 
Mr, ZechaHah lieardslee, who 

departed this Life Sept' 17*^ A.D. 
1748, in the 62<* year of liis age. Also 
In Memory of 
Mrs. Elisabeth, his Wife, who de. 
parted this Life May 22**, A.D. 1776, 
Aged 84. 

The memory of the Just Is Blessed. 

Oitleon Wheeled* Died May y* — 
1740, in ye 98 year of his age. 

Huntington Burying-place. 


Inscriptions in the Huntington Village Burying^place.* 

In memory of 
SoUy Betsey f daughter of Lemuel L. 
& Esther Adams, who died Aug. 10, 

1828, in her 17 year. 

Eliaha AUia, died Aug. 10, 1825, in 
his 45 yr. 

JPIiebe AnUf daughter of Elisha & 

Laura Allis, died Apr. 26, 1825, JE, 

10 mo. 

Be rendy you who see 
This monumental stone, 
For soon your days will flee 
Like ours forever gone. 

Isaac Ailis, Born 1785, died July 19, 
1858, iE. 73. 

In memory of 
Zepjfjff'w'ih o( Isaac Ailis, who died 
April 1, 1827, aged 36. 

In memory of 
Thifnothy Allis, he died Aug*^ 28, 
1801 in the 49*^ year of his age. 

In memory of 
JElizabeth, wife of Thimothy Allis, 
who died Oct. 15. 1817, Aged 66 years. 

James C. Andrews Died Sept. 8, 
1851, Aet. 48. 


Oari*y G. Atwood, Died Dec. 25, 
1862, yE. 53. 

ElUaA. His Wife Died June 11. 
1855, iE. 43. 

In memory of 
JElias Baldivin who died March 21, 

1829, JE, 90 years & 3 mo. 

In memory of 
JMaHha, wife of Elias Baldwin, who 
died Jan. 24, 1828, aged 75 years & 4 

John Baldwin Died March 21, 1854^ 

JE. 68. 
Esther, his wife, Died Aug. 12, 1853, 

iE. 60. 

Jacob Baldwin Died Nov. 21, 1868, 
Aged 91 yc.irs. 

Hannah Baldwin died April 10, 
1857. Aged 73 years. 

HtUdah Baldwin died in New 
Haven, Mar. 31, 1882, Aged 87. 


In memory of 
Cathari^te SlieUon daughter of the 
Rev. Edmund D. & Cornelia Barry, 
whodiedat Jersey City, June 11, 1830, 
aged 8 years & 6 mo. 

Lydia A. Benedict Died in Trum- 
bull March 26, 1879, -^^ 77 y"* 

In memory of 
Isaac. Bennett who died Dec. 25, 
1839, Aged 65. 

There is a land of pure delight, 
Wherb saints immorul reign, 
Infinite day excludes the night 
And pleasures Iwnish pain. 

S<tUy jP,, wife of the late Isaac Ben- 
nett, Died Jan. 23. 1864, iE. 90 yrs & 
7 mo. 

I am in the hands of the Lord. 

In memory of 
Nathan Bennett, Jr. who died 
Oct. 9. 1837, aged 28 yrs. 
Blessed are the dead who die in the Lord. 
Calm be the spot where his form now reposeth ; 
May the friends who so loved revisit his grave, 
And feel, though the cold sod his ashes en- 

He lives in the presence of Him who can save. 

In memory of 
Ji^phraini Bcnnitt who died Juno 
I, 1799, in 49^^* year of his age. 

In memory of 
Edncy M. daughter of Lyman & Eliza 
Bennet, who died Mar. 16, 1828, iE 
I year & 9 mo. 

In Memory of 
I^Iiebe, wife of James Beard, who died 
Aug. I, 1833, aged 25 yrs. & 10 ds. 
Also of two infant children, One 
died Jan. 21, 1828. The other, May 
5. 1829. 

Betsey Lucintla, daughter of James 
& Caroline Beard, Died Aug. 21, 1842, 
iE. 3 yrs. I mo. & 14 Ds. 

Anna Maria, Daughter of James & 
Caroline Beard, Died Apr. 10, 1857, 
iE. 20 yrs. I mo. 16 ds. 

Dear daughter thou hast left us, 
Hence thy loss we deeply feel, 
But 'tis God that hath bereft us 
He can all our sorrows heal. 

* There are in this burying-phice three hundred and twenty or more graves 
without inscriptions ; most of them marked by small field stones set at the head 
and foot of each. It is said to be difficult to make a new grave in this yard with- 
out digging into a former grave. There have been in all about burials made 

in this place. The yard has an elegant iron fence around it and Is finely and 
creditably cared for. 


History of Stratford. 

James MorHtner, son of James & 

Caroline Beard, Died May 7, 1864, 

i£. 23 yrs. 2 mos. 6 ds. 
This is rest forever, here will I dwell for I 
hsye desired It 

Mary Lucinda, Daughter of James 

& Caroline Beard, Died Jan. 16, 1866, 

iE. 17 yrs. 10 mos. 
DsuKhter dear, where art thou now, 
Since Death has laid his hand on thee. 
Art thou a spirit Just arrived. 
To realms of spotless purity ? 


WilHam Beard Died Mar. 4, 1870, 

-^. 74 yr». 
Ccitharine, wife of William Beard and 
daughter, of William Hawley, Died 
June 1, 1822, iE. 23 yrs. 9 mo. & 9 Ds. 

Sarah, wife of William Beard and 
daughter of William Hawley, Died 
Nov. 22, 1861, iE. 53 yrs. 5 mo. & 12 

WiUiam Henry, Son of Ebenezer 

6 Betsey Beard, Died Mar. 13, 1841, 

iE. I yr. & 10 mo. 

This lovely babe so younpf A fair 
Called hence by early doom 
Just come to show how sweet a flower 
In paradise would bloom. 

Jiff, Ebenexer Beard died Feb. 14, 

1809, aged 49 years & 10 months. 
Mrs. Anna Beard, Wife of Mr. 

Ebenezer Beard, died July 7. 1807, 

aged 4 years. 

In memory of 
Ebenezer Beard, who died Dec. 4, 

1842, aged 53 years. 
Bmily J. Biirritt, Wife of Charles 

Beard Died Mar. 23, 1875, -^- 39 yrs. 

7 mos. & 19 ds. 

Nelson Beard Died Nov. 13, 1861, 
iE. 24 yrs. 3 mos. & 13 Ds. 

In memory of 
Samuel Beard, who died Aug. 22, 
1831, -<E. 44 years. 

In memory of 
Mr.Abraliam Beardslee who de- 
parted this Life July g*"*, 1776, in the 
8i*^ year of his Age. Also his Consort, 

Mrs* Esther Beardslee who de- 
parted this Life Novemb' 11, 1772, in 
the 74**^ year of her Age. 
Elisha Beardsley died April 24, 
1865, iE. 78 yrs. 
There is a land mine eye hath seen 
In visions of enraptured thought, 
So bright that all which spreads between 
Is with a radiant glory frought ; 
A land upon whose blissful shore, 
There rests no shadow, falls no stain, 
There those who meet shall part no more 
And those long parted meet again. 

Buth, wife of Elisha Beardsley died 

Feb. 3. 1874, iE. 88 yrs. 

The days of our years are three aoore years 
and ten, ff by reason of strength they be four 
score jrcars } et is their strength labor and sor- 
row, for it is soon cut off aoowe fly away. 

Aurelia, daughter of Mr. Elisha & 
Mrs. Ruth Beardslee, died August 2, 

1 8 19, aged 8 years. 

Amarylus Beardsley died SepL 
10, i860, iE. 72 yrs. 
Now rest thee loved one rest In peace 
Asleep In Jesus arms ; 
Thy happy spirit now hath rest 
From death and vain alarms. 

In memory of 

Mr, David Cook Beardsley who 

died Dec. 19, 1817, aged 27 yrs. 
Praises are titles vainly spent 
A man's good name b hb best monument. 

In memory of 
Isaac Beardslee who died April 16, 

1820, aged 86 years. 

Mehitable, his wife, died March 25, 
1820, aged 83 years. 

Here lyes Buried the Body of 
Mr. James Beardslee, Who de- 
parted this Life Oct. the 19^, 1768. In 
y. j^ui Year of his age. 

Len^uel Beardsley Died Jan. 16. 
1870, iE. 78 yrs. 

Nancy, Wife of Lemuel Beardsley 
died Nov. 24, 1826, aged 33 years. 

WiUiam, their son died Dec. 21, 1826, 
aged 2 years 8 months. 

Lemuel Beartlsley Died Dec. 23, 
1806, /E. 63. 

Deborah, His Wife died Mar. 19, 
1850, JE. 93. 

Sally Beardsley Died June 21, 1863, 
JE. 69 yrs. 

In memory of 
Mr. Stephen Beardsley who de- 
parted this life Feb. i6*'» 1804, JE, 62. 
If a roan die shall he live again ? 

Capt, Hiaddeus Beardsley died 
Feb. 6, 1840 aged 88. 

In memory of 
Sarah, wife of Thaddeus Beardsley, 
died Aug. 25. 1833, aged 78 years. 
Go home dear friends, dry up your tears, 
I must lie here till Christ appears. 
My debt is paid, my grave you see 
Prepare yourselves to follow me. 


Hon. Hiaddeus Beardsley died 

Sept. 12, 1844 aged 50 yrs. 

Behold the upright for the end of that man Is 

Huntington Burying-place. 


WiUiam Beardsiee died Feb. 15, 
1822, aged 89 y., 11 mo., & 18 d. 

JPriscUla, his wife died Feb. 22, 1820, 

in her 78 year. 
JSMier Beach died March 22, 1818, 

iE. 93 years, 

In memory of 
AJbhy B0 wife of Joel Beach who died 
June 5, 1846 aged 68 years. 

8eba Beach Died in Trumbull March 
5, 1874. M, 70 yrs. 

Cluirles E. Died Nov. 30, 1868, i£. 5 

yrs. 9 mo. & 14 ds. 
Menry, Died Oct. 29, i860, JE, 3 


Children of Henry & Sarah Betls. 

Mrs, Elizahethf widow of Job Bert- 
ram, Esq. died Aug. 26, 1824, JE, 80 

In memory of 
Mannahf Dau'^ of Ebenezer & Euniul 
Birdsey of Cornwell, who died May 
2, 1787, Aged 2 years & 3 months. 

Alvirttf daughter of Plumb & Sarah 
Blackman, died Feb. 11, 1837, aged 3 
yrs. & 8 mo. 

In memory of 
Mr* Ban lei Blackviau, who died 
Oct. 20, AD 1787, JE, 60 years. 

3frs» Mary Blaclcinan, Rclect of 
Daniel Blackman, who died June 11, 
AD 1802, ^£69. 

Baniel Blackman died Oct. 27, 
1858, ^. 62. 

In memory of 
JSbenezer Blackman who died Feb. 
16, 1789, aged 60 years. Also 

Mary, rclect of Ebcnczcr Blackman 
who died Oct. 26, i82i,agcd 89 years. 

In memory of 
Eli Blackman who. died Nov. 21, 
1 82 1, aged 60 years. 

In memory of 
Mary Ann^ wife of Ell Blackman 
who died July 22, 1838, aged 71 yrs. 

In memory of 
Eheneze^* Cf son of Eli & Mary Ann 
Blackman, who died Oct. ii, 1823, 
aged 19 years. 

Ezra C, son of Eli & Sally Black, 
man died Mar. 16, 1833, in the 5 year 
of his age. 

Blackman. TA Monument.] 
Father 8 Grave. 
Eli Blackman Died Mar. 26, 1882, 
in his 89*^ year. 

Mother's Grave. 

Sally Beardsley his wife Died Dec. 

24, 1879. ^^ hc'' ^^^ Year. 
At Rest. 

In memory of 
Eliliu Blackman, Who Departed 
this Life October the 31, A.D. 1777, 
in the 24 Year of his age. 

In memory of 
Cliarles Blackman, Son of Mr. 
David and Mrs. Catharine Blackman, 
who died Oct® 21, 1800, aged 9 years 
& 4 months. 

Esther M. Blackman Died Jan. 
19, 1778, Aged 34 years. 

Elisha Blackman died Dec. 17, 
17871 s^scd 27 years. 

BfUh Blackman his widow died 
Sept. 20, 1840, aged 80 years. 

Apotne Bla^iktnan died May 16, 
1849, ^* ^9* 

In Memory of 
Mrs. Hannah Bladanan wife of 
Mr. Asa Blackman and daughter of 
Deac" Hezokiah Blackman and Mrs. 
Sarah Curtiss, who was born July 15, 
1771, and died Jan. 21** i799i In the 
28^'' year of her age. 
**Now tho' buried Jeep la duit, 

My fleah shall be thy care 
These withered limbs with thee I trust 
To raise them strong and fair. 

Frank A. Blackman Died Feb. 
22, 1877, aged 20 years. 

Hannah M. Wife of N. W. Black. 

man, Died Dec. 17, 1877 aged 58 


Ix)vcly and useful In life 
Peacciul and happy In death. 

J'enneU, Wife of Lucius Blackman 

Died Oct. 26, 1852, JE, 38 yrs. 5 mos. 

and 6 Days. 

Tnere Is rest in Heaven. 

In memory of 
tToel Blakeman who died Jan. 29, 
1832, In the 69 year of his age. 

JPhiletia, wife of Joel Blakeman died 
Oct. 19, 1852, i£. 82. 

Miss Betsey, daughter of Mr. Joel & 
Mrs. Philena Blackman, who died 
Sept. 8, 1817, aged 18 years. 

In memory of 
Fhilo Blackman who died Nov. 2, 
1820, aged 45. 


History of Stratford. 

Sarah, daughter of George & Phebe 
Blackman, Died July 3, 1835, M. 2 
years & 5 mo. 

2VuifU»n lUtuihfnan Died Dec. 25, 
1850 i£ 62 Yrs. 

In memory of 

SCepsa, wife of Truman Blackman 

Esq, who died July 20 1845 in the 60 

year of her age 

Wrapt in tne ihadea of destli 
No more the friendly tkce we tee 
Empty all empty every place 
Once filled to well by the. 

J'an^es Increase son of Truman & 

Hepsa Blaclcman died July 8, 1822 in 

his 13 year 

Sleep quiet here my child 
Death can't us lonf^ decide 
A few more rolling suns 
Will lay me by thy side. 

In memory of 
Ann JEHza daughter of Truman & 
Hepsa Blackman, who died Oct. 16, 

1832 aged 8 yrs & 5 mos. 

DeaHi like an overflowinff stream 
Sweeps us away, our life's a dream 
This lovely youtA an opening flower 
Cut down and witherea in an hour 

Wnt* W. Blackman Died Dec. 17, 
1877, Aged 23 years 

Naihan TonUinsan Blackman 

died Nov. 3, 1840, .£. 72 yrs. & 9 mo. 

Sarah, his wife, Died Dec. 6, 1856, 
M, 86. 

In memory of 
Joseph Blackleach, Esqr.^ Who 

Departed this Life June 20^ A.D. 
1756, in the 62 Year of his Age ; 

Also of 
Mrs. Ann Blackleach, his Wife, 
who Departed this life March the 20^ 
A.D. 1 771, in the 66*** Year of her 

Here lyes y* Body of 

Mary Bl€ickleach^ Daut' of Joseph 
Blackleach, Esqr. Sc Mrs. Ann his 
Wife. Who Died April y* 11. 1751. in 
y* 4*** Year of Her Age. 

JLewis Booth, Died July 13, 1870, 
Aged 49. 

Ezra Botsford, Died Dec. 31, 1864, 

Aged 34. 

Be ye also ready, for In such an hour as ye 
think not, the Son of man cometh. 

Annie BeU, Daughter of Ezra & 
MaryE. Botsford, Died Nov. 17, 1861, 
i£. I yr & 9 mo. 

There will t>e no more parting there. 

lAiLcy Bray, wife of William Bray, 
died July 17, 1828, aged 2$ years. 
This is my tomb as yon may see. 
Dear youth prepare to follow me. 

Oliver Bronsan, died Oct. 9, 1848, 
i£. 41. 

Ann M; Wife of H. I. Brownson, 
Died Nov. 18, 1878. Aged 29 Years. 
Asleep in Jesus. 

{Jhloe Ann, daughter of Sheldon M. 
& Alma Brownson, died Jan. 23, 1854, 

Aged 22 years, 2 mos. & 22 ds. 
'* Will you meet me In heaven ?*' 

In memory of 
Ctiriis Buckinglutm, who died 
Oct. 19, 1807, iE. 43. 

Twas In an Instant he was called 

Eternity to view. 
No time to regulate his mind. 
Nor bid his friends adieu. 

In memory of 

Mary, wife of Samuel Buckingham, 

who died June 13, 1830, iE. 47 yrs ; 

Harriet, wife of Samuel Buckingham, 

Died Mar is, 1867. M, 76 yrs. 8 mos. 

She has attained that rest for the people of God ; 

But before us shines brightly the path riie has 

We would follow her footsteps, her virtues pur- 

Till our mother In glory with Jesus we view. 

In memory of 
MartHn J'., Son of Samuel & Mary 
Buckingham, who died at Quincy, 
Florida, March 21, 1836, M. 24 years ; 

Almira, died Jan. 6, 1827, M, 17 yrs.; 

John C, died June — , 1824, iE. 13 
mo., daughter & son of Samuel & 
Mary Buckingham. 

In memory of 
Mary Alsey, Eldest daughter of 
Samuel P. & Sarah A. Buckingham, 
who died May 3, 1850, iE. 7 yrs. 8 

mo. & 13 ds. 
Sleep on sweet child and take thy rest, 
God called thee, he thought it best ; 
Sleep till the resurrection day. 
Then rise from etrth and soar away. 

Sarah Jane, daughter of Samuel P. 
& Sarah A. Buckingham, died Sept. 
10, 1854, iE. 6 yrs. 10 mos. & 10 ds. 
This lovely bud so young and fair 
Called hence by early doom 
Just came to show how sweet a flower 
In Paradise would bloom. 

Marvin Seymour, eldest son of 
Samuel P. & Sarah A. Buckingham, 
died Feb. 19, 1855, iE. 11 yrs. & 26 ds. 
Wrap*d in the silent shades of death, 
No more thy friendly face we see ; 
Empty ! ah empty Is tne place. 
Once so well fiUed by tnee. 

Huntington Burying-place. 


Mary Eleanat; daughter of Samuel 
P. & Sarah A. Buckingham, Died 
July 29, 1865, Aged 13 yrs. 10 mo. 
20 Ds. 
Oh call me not back from my heavenly home I 
From the presence of Jesus I never would roam 
A crown and a harp to me have t>een given 
1 say will you all meet me, meet me in heaven. 

Mr» EnocJ^ Buckingham died 
May 12, 1814, In the 74 year of his 

In memory of 
anaf relict of Enoch Bucking- 
ham, who died March 18, 1823, in her 
80 year. 

In memory of 
JEnoch Buckinghanif tTr,, who 

died July 12, 1843, /E. 65 yrs. 

In memory of 
Mat*y, wife of Enocii Buckingham, 
who died July 23, 1858, ^E. 76 yrs. 

In memory of 
Metiry A,, who died Nov. 19, 1828, 

in his 5 year. Also of 
J'oel, who died Feb. 8, 1806, ^. 7 
Sons of Enoch & Mary Buckingham. 

Isaac Btickinghatn Died Feb. 22, 
1852, in his 63 year. 

In memory of 
Mrs. Nancy BuckingFutui, wife 
of Mr. Isaac Buckingham, who died 
Jan. 2, 1822. ngcd 25 vcars. 
Ah lovely youth, how short thy race 
Thy spirit sought a better place. 

J'on€U/ian JitUkeley, Born Aug. 28, 
1783, Died Nov. 24. 1869. 
**I know that my Redeemer liveth and that he 
shall stand at the latter day upon the earth." 

Shernian L. Burritt Died Oct. 6, 
i873t Aged 72. 

In memory of 
Elorsy Burritt, wife of Sherman L. 
Burritt, who died Dec. 29, 1840, aged 
37 years. 

In memory of 
Cteovge W», son of Sherman & Elorsy 
Burritt who died Aug. 25, 1832, aged 
2 mos. 

Joseph Burritt Died March 6, 18 13, 
Aged 51. 

Mabelf His Wife, Died March 25, 1852, 
Aged 84. 

"We all do fade as a leaf but the word of the 
Lord, that shall sUnd.'* 

Charles K» Burritt Died Sept. 29, 
1873, Aged 39 years & 4 mos. 

In memory or 

Jane M. wife of Wm. M. Campbell, a 
resident of the City of Brooklyn, L. I. 
and daughter of Ezra C. Wheeler of 
this town, who departed this life July 
22*», 1847, aged 30 years & 5 months. 
Them also which sleep In. Jesus will God 

bring with him.— xst Thess. 4th chap. S4th v. 

This monument is erected to the mem- 
ory of 
Mr, Israel Cathings, who died 
June 6. 1815, iEt. 90 yrs. 
Our moments fly apace 
Nor will our minutes stay 
Just like a flood our hasty days 
Are sweeping us away. 
Blessed are the dead that dfe in the Lord. 


Ban Chatfield, Born 1 761* died 1845. 
A veteran soldier of the war for American 

Sarah CJiatfleld, daughter of Dan 
Chatfield, and wife of Lemuel Sum- 
mers, Born Aug. 28, 1788. Died Jan. 
8. 1873. 

Bavid Chatfield, Born June 8, 1794, 
died June 30, 1836. 

yaney, his wife, born April 5, 1796, 
died Aug. 25, 1879; daughter of Dan 

Erected by David II. CliatSeld, son of 

David Chatfieid. 
John E. Chatfieid Died Jan. 5, 1877 
Aged 66 Years. 

Asleep in Jesus blessed sleep 

From which none ever wake to weep. 

Hezekiah Chicliester Died Dec. i, 
1844, aged 70 yrs. 

Abigail M., wife of Frederick Clark, 
Died March 2, 1868, ^. 34 yrs 6 mo's 
& 12 days. 

In memory of 
WiUiain Clarkf who died June 26, 
1843 ago<^ 6' years. 

In memory of 
liUcretia Clark, who died Feb. 20, * 
1 84 1 aged 61 yrs. 

In memory of 
Alfred O. Clark, who died Dec. 13, 
1838 aged 46. 

In memory of 
Blagge Clark, who died April 12, 
1823, i£. 72 years. Also, 

I/Ucy, his wife, who died Jany 31, 
1832. J£. 78 years. 


History of Stratford. 

In memory of 
MiBS lAicy dark daughter of Mr. 
Blagg and Mrs. Lucy Clark, who de- 
parted this life August 3^ A. D. 1803 in 

the 18 year of her age. 
Say pensive muse wiioai disoial Kenes ddiglit. 
Frequent at tombs ft in the realms of night 
This truth how certain, when this life to o'er 
We die to live ft live to die no more. 

Here lyes j* Body of 
Hexehiah Clark son of Mr. Heze- 
kiah & Mrs. Eunice Clark Who De- 
parted this life May 29, A.D. 1753 
Aged 20 Years & 7 Mos. 

Eiisfia A. dark Bom March 1766 
died Aug. 21. 1853 iE. 87. 

Jtfr. SamtUi dark died Sept 6, 
1815 ; in the 76*^ year of his age. 

Mrs. liheuama, his wife, died June 
I, 1810 ; in the 73 year of her age. 

Thomas J*, darksan died Mar. 10, 

1878, Aged 52 yrs. 7 mos. 

Edna O. His wife died Oct. 22, 

1879, Aged 66 yrs. 4 mos. 

Sacred to the memory of 
Sa^Miel P. devnnonsj who de- 

parted this life July 25. 1851, JE, 81. 
Let the dead rest. 

Susa, wife of Samuel P. Clemons died 
June 30. 1825. /E. 55 yrs. 
Reader behold as you pass by, 
As you are now so once was I ; 
As I am now you soon must be 
Prepare for death and follow me. 

DrussiUa demons died Oct. 17, 
1820; j£. 25 yrs. 

Sleep quiet here my child 
Death can't us long divide ; 
A few more rolling suns 
Will lay me by your side. 

In memory of 
Alanson demons f who died May 
23, 1849, aged 53 years. 
Wrapt in the silent shades of death 
No more thy friendly face we see 
Empty, ah empty every place 
Once filled so well by tnee. 

In memory of 
Mr, Abel Curtiss, who died Nov. 
18, 1830; aged 85 years. 

In memory of 
Cfp^tiS, Son of Beach & Polly Curtis 
Who died Dec. 19. 1824 in his 17 

In memory of 
Mary Ann daughter of Beach & 
Polly Curtis, who died April 15, 1833 
i£. 8 years. 

In memory of 
Capt. JBphraim Curtis who died 
April 50, 1794, in the s6<^ year of his 
age. Also in Memory of 

Mrs^ Anna CttrUs wife of Cape. 
Ephrairo Cunis who died Jan 15* 
1802, in the 60*^ year of her age. 

In memory of 
Aqur CurHss son of Capt. Ephraiai 
& Anna Curtiss who died Aagiist 
30^ 1801, in the 16 year of his age. 

In memory of 
Jfn Ezra CurtisSf who departed 
this life May 4*^ A.D. 1809 ; In the 
63^ year of his age. 

Levi Curtis Died April 8, i8si, iE. 


In memory of 
Mrs. Abigail Curtiss, wife of Mr. 
Levi Curtiss, who died Jan. 9, 1809, 
in the 42 year of her age. 

In memory of 
Abbe, wife of Levi Curtiss, who died 
Sept. 9, 1836. aged S9 years. 

Neftemiah Curfis Died May 11, 
1816. JE., 5f. 

Ann Curtis, his wife. Died Nov. 16, 

1836. JE. 77. 

Lydia Curtis, their daughter. Died 
March 20, 1848, JE, 61. 

In memory of 
Thilo Curtiss. who died April 21, 
1832, in the 60^ year of his age. 

In memor)' of 
Sarah, wife of Philo Curtiss, who 
died Dec. 26, 1823, aged 45 years 8 
mo. 9 da. 

Sacred to the memory of 
Sarah JET. Curtiss, daughter of Philo 
& Sally Curtiss, who died Jan. 24, 
1821, aged 23. 
1 Go thou blest maid the silent grave's thy dooa. 
Our sighs and tears shall consecrau thy tonb ; 
Yea, take these tears, mortalities relief 
And till we share thy joys forgive our grief. 

Ann Jt^ecca, Daughter of Philo & 
Sally Curtiss, died Oct. 4, 1811, in the 
9 year of her age. 
Our blind affection could hare wished thy slay. 
But God more wise has called his child away. 

Cumss. [A MoNimKMT.] 

Dea. Hezekiah Curtiss Died Mar 

5. 1822, iE. 74. 

Sarah, His Wife, Died Dec. 7, 1805 

/E. 58. 

HezeJciah Curtiss, Jr., Died Dec 

31, 1807, JE. 33. 

Huntington Burying^place. 


Isaac Ciimfnifigs Died Mar. 15" 
1858, JE. 66. 

ElizabeU^ A., His Wife, Formerly 
Wife of Hezlc. Curtiss, Jr., Died Mar. 
9, 1857. iE. 77. 

In memory of 
J>ea. Hexekiah Curtiss, who died 
Mar. 5, 1822, aged 74. 
He sustained with credit the office of Deacon 
•of the Conff relational Church a8 years. 
What manner of man he was, 
The Rreat day wiil show. 

Oeovge Smith died Sept. 16, 1820, 
aged 3 years & 3 mo. 

Levi died Sept. 6. 1820, aged i year & 
5 mo.. Sons of Samuei C. & Melissa 

Curtis. [A Monumbnt.] 

Capt. Sainuel ۥ Curtis died May 
8, 1867, iE. 78 yrs. 

Melissa, His Wife, Died Nov. i, 1867, 
iE. 78 yrs. 

David W, CuHis Died June 22, 
1867, i£. 41 yrs. 
I die with the blessed hope of immortality. 

Xet*i Curtis Died Sept. 6, 1820, i£. 
15 mos. 

Oeorffe 8. Curtis Died Sept. 16, 
1820, JE, 3 yrs. 

Sacred to the memory of 
Sarah Curtis, dauglitcr of John & 
Hann.ih Curtis, who died Jan. ii, 
1815, aged 19 years. 

Beiijainin Dawson died March 5, 
1850, M. 50. 

Mary Dawson, wife of Benjamin 
Dawson, died Nov. 13, 1849, M. 44. 

Jlobert Dawson, Born Sept. 24, 
1825, died Mar. 25, 1873. 

IFilliain Dawson died Jan. 18, 
i860, i£. 31. 

[A Monumbnt.] 

Sacred to the memory of 

Betijamin DeForest, who died 

Aug. I, 1784, in the 34 year of his Age. 

Leaving a disconsolate widow, also six orphan 
children : none of whom could do better than 
follow their Father's example & imiute his vir- 

This monument Is erected by his surviving 
children, as a token of filial reverence & respect, 
Aug. i8a8. 

Bct^anxin DeFore^ 'died Apr. 17, 
1780, in the 64 year of his age. 

JEst/ier DeForest his first wife & 
mother of his children, died Mar. 22, 
1763, in the 40 year of her age. 

Sarah DeForest, His second wife, 
died Aug. 19, 1780, in the 64 year of 
her age. 

Ezra DeFot*est died Feb. 6, 1868, 
JE. 86 yrs. 

Laura, wife of Ezra DeForest, died 
Jan. 9. 1862, M. 73 yrS. & 7 mo. 

Benjamin C« DeForest died May 
6, 1862, ^. 48 yrs. & 3 mo. 

David IF. DeForest, M.D., died 
at Jacksonville, Florida, ^E. 29 yrs. & 
6 mo. 

[A Monument.] 

Othniel DeForest. Esq,, who died 

Suddenly Feb. 21, AD 181 1, Aged 50 


' " Is Death at distance ? No." 

'* Those hours that lately smiled. 

Where are they now?" 
*' That life is long which answers Life's great 

In memoryof 

Mrs, Han^uih DeForest, wifo of 
Othniel DeForest, Esq. She was 
born Mar. 28, 1764, Died Sept. 1, 

1803, ^' 39. 

Let love immortal undlssembled love 
Still, still pursue her to the realms above, 
Where may we join her at this Ufa's end 
And there unite with our departed friend. 

In memory of 
Lynson D Forest, Son of Othniel 
& Hannah D Forest, who died Feb'y 
8, X787, Aged I Year & 10 Months. 

Beach Edwards, bom Dec. 15, 
1768, died Apr. 16, 1837, aged 68 yrs. 
& 4 mo. 

BCannah, wife of Beach Edwards, 
born Oct. i. 1769, died Mar. 30, 1837, 
aged 67 3'rs. & 6 mos. 

Cliarles Edwards Died Oct. 28, 
i860, JE. 27 Yrs. Erected by his 

Hanson Fkiwards Died Nov. 11, 
1870, Aged 77. 

Amelia Booth, wife of Hanson S. 

Edwards, Died July 12, 1872, Aged 

Beach M, Edwards Died May 7, 

1853. ^' 43- 
Henry J, Edwards Died May 22, 

1859, JE. 42 yrs. 9 mos. & 5 Ds. 

JPhebe, Wife of Henry J. Edwards, 
Died Oct. 22, 1847, JE. 29 yrs. 3 mos. 
& 7 Ds. 

Mary J",, Wife of Henry J. Edwards, 
Died Mav 14, 1858, JE. 34 yrs. 10 mos. 
& i8 Ds.' 

In memory of 
Mr, WiUiain Edwards, who died 
Dec. 22*, 1808, in the 66*^ year of his 


History of Stratford. 


In memorir of 
Mn. Charity Edward»9 the virtn- 
ous & amiable Consort of M r. William 
Edwards, who departed this life June 
18*, 1787, in y« 40** year of her age. 
She wsi a virtuous Womaa 
WboM price to above RuMet. 

Sarah, wife of William Edwards, died 
Sept. 20, 1825, iEt. 77. 

WiUiam JR. Edwards Died Feb. 
I3« 1858, iE. 66 yrs. s mo. & 13 Ds. 

5|fltf/a. wife of William R. Edwards, 
Died Feb. 31, 1866. JE. 77. 

[A MoNtniiiiT.I 
be Reverend 
David Ely, JD.D., Was born at 
Lyme, June 7, 1749; ^^' ordained 
.Pastor of the First Cbarch and So- 
'ciety in Huntington, October 37, 1773, 
And, after a life of devotion to tbe 
cause of Religion and Learning, Died 
In the Faith and Hope of tbe Gospel, 
February 16, 1816 ; In the 67 year of 
his age. And the 42 of his ministry. 
Thto monument to erected by bto children as 
a tribute of filial affection to the memory of a 
beloved Father. 

Mrs* IlepBey Ely, wife of The Rev. 
David Ely, Died September 26, 1803 ; 
In the 49 year of ber age. 

[An old Stonb.] 
In memory of 
Mrs. Hepaa Ely, Wife of Rev^ 
David Ely. wbo died Sept. 26*^, 1803, 
Aged 48 years. 

Lovely In Death the beautlous ruins toy. 
She lives beyond the Grave. 

JDanid Henry Ely, Died Apr. 25, 
1841, iE. 23. 

Solem emblem of the griefs of earth. 

Elisha Ely, Son of Rev. David Ely. 
Departed this life Dec. 3, 1846, M, 64. 

Elaisa, wife of Elisba Ely, died Mar. 
I, 1863, aged 72 yrs. 

Harriet Ely, Born Sept. i. 1824, 
Died Aug. 23. 1849. 

In memory of 

Eli Fairchild, who died May 9, 

i837> aged 61. 

Boast not thyself of tomorrow, for thou 

knowest not what a day may bring forth. 

Urania, wife of Eli Fairchild. died 
Dec. 26, 1862, iE. 85 yrs. 
All the days of my appointed time will I watt 
till my change come. 

In memory of 
Mr. Joseph Fairchild, who died 
April 2i*S 1802, Aged 74 Years. 

In memory of 
Mr. Nathan EaireMld, wbo died 
Jan. 2, 1843, in the 81 jrear of his age. 

JDaniei French Died Sept. 5, 18489 
iE. 64* 

iMdia, wife of Daniel French, Died 
Sept XI, 1855, iE. 68. 

In memory of 
Mr. JTames French, who died Jnly, 
1807. aged 49 years. 

In memory of 
Mr. Joseph French, who died 
April 13*^, 1 78 1, Aged $1 years. 

• In roemoiyof 
Cliarity Freuch,^\it of Mr. Joseph 
French, who died Feb. 20^, I7fliaaged 
49 years. 

In memory of 
Jonas French, who deceased Oct 
^3* i834f Aged 83 years. Also 

Susan, his wife, deceased Sept. 6^ 
1840. Ag^ 85 years. 

In memory of 
JontUhan Fretieh, who died Ocl 
24, x8oi, In the 80*^ year of his age. 
Also his wife, 

Hannah, who died Nov. 5, i8o2» io 
the 82 year of her age. 

In memory of 
JLetvis French, M.jD., who died 

Aug. 21. 1828. aged 39. 

Maria, wife of Dr. Lewis Freacht 
Died Feb. 14, 1880. Aged 86 Years. 

In memory of 
lAiey French, who died Aug. s, 
1840, in the 30 year of her age. 

Eli Gilbert died Oct. 8. 1844, iE. 83. 

Lydia, His Wife, died Sept. 2, 1840. 

iE. 80 ys. 
Farewell friends and diOdren dear 
Prepare for death while we deep here. 

Qeorge li.. Son of Nelson & Nancy 

Gilbert, died Jan. 14. 1842, aged 6 


Thto lovely bud, so fresh ft bir. 
Called hence by early dooai, 
Tust came to show how sweet a flower 
In Paradise may bloom. 

In memory of 
Mr. John'Oilbert, who died April 
16, 1842. aged 62 years. Also 

Betsey, bis wife, died May 18. 184a, 
aged 57 years. 

Jesse Oilbert died Nov. 20, 1864* 

Aged 77. 
Abigail, his wife, died Nov. si, 1873, 

Aged 87. 

Huntington Burying-place, 


In memory of 
Itemuel OUbert, who died Dec. i, 
2833, in the 80 year of his age. Also 
his wife 

AmarUliiis, who died Jan. 2, 1846, 
in the 85 year of her age. 

Sacred to the memory of the Just 
Shall flourish while they sleep In dust. 

In memory of three children of Joel 
& Patience Gilbert : 
yaticu died Nov. i, 1792, iEi. 9 


David died April 8^\ 1788. JEK a 

Naticy died June 4, 1803, in the 10^ 
year of her age. 

ThoincM Gilbert died Jan. 26, 1847, 
aged 93 years. 

Mary, wife of Thomas Gilbert, died 
Sept. 28. 1795, aged 39 years. 

Etmicef wife of Thomas Gilbert, died 
Aug. 12, 1822, in her 49 yr. Also 

Nancy JDaskani Died Nov. 20, 1822, 
In her 30*** yr. 

In memory of 
JDea. David Hawtey, who after a 
life of distinguished usefulness, died 
very suddenly Nov. 26, 1824, aged 66. 

\\y his active exertions, his liberal fflfts and 
ttlli more liberal be(|uosl8, he was tne chief 
Instrument In laying the foundation for the 
perpetual support or the Gospel Ministry In 
this phice. 

(fenerations vet unknown will riso up and 
call him blessed. 

**But, O Lord, who am I and what is my 
people, that we should be able to offer after 
this sort ? for all thines come of thee, and of 
thine own have we given thee, for we are all 
strangers before thee, and sojourners as were 
all our fathers, our days on the earth are as a 
shadow, and there is none abiding." 

** O Daughter of Zion your sorrows restrain 
Nor mourn that his spirit has quitted his day. 
Soon, soon shall we follow and meet him again, 
Bright rob'd as a seraph in mansions of day.'* 

In memory of 
Mary, wife of Dea. David Hawley, 
who died June 5, 1846, in the 91 year 
of her age. 

Emma J., Daughter of Silas & Bet- 
sey \, Hubbell, Died June 28, 1862, 
iG. 10 vrs. & 6 mos. 
** What I do now thou knowest not know, 

but thou Shalt know hereafter." 

Elixaiteth U. Hawley Died April 
29, 1870, i£. 51 yrs. & 8 mos. 

jE?ren<ceJTafi;^6//^ wife of David Haw- 
ley, died Jan. 22, 1849, ^S^d 56. 

Henry Burrouglis, son of David & 
Eunice Hawley, died Sept. 27. 1819, 
aged 4 years 9 mo. & 9 da. 

James Hawley, Born Jan. 8. 1760, 
Died April 14, 1836, Aged 76. 

Jam,es Hawley died Jan. 8, 1842,. 
./E. 28 years. 

Not with a fearful view of the great change, 
But contemplative, calm. exprMsing still 
Sweeter resignation to a Dlgher will. 
In confidence a bright eternity. 

Anna Hawley died Jan. 20, 1842,. 
./E. 58 years. 

Joseph Hawley died 1792, JE, 43 

Anna, his wife, died Nov. 18, 1833, 
i£. 80 years. 

Charles died May 3, 18 14, aged 3 yrs. 

Cfutrles died Sept. 5. 18 14. aged i year; 
sons of Joseph & Laura Hawley. 

Joseph Hawley died May 18, 1841^ 
.£. 66 years. 

Laura, wife of Joseph Hawley, died 
Oct. 15, 1849, ^' 64 years. 

Ruby Ella Smith died February 13,. 
1879, Aged 2 years & 6 months. 
Safe In the arms of Jesus. 

Sacred to the memory of 
Mr, Mattliew Hawley, was born 
Feb'y 16, 1720, and died May 31, 1790, 
iEt. 70. 

In mcmorv of 
Mrs» Bethia Hawley, wife of Mr. 
Matthew Hawley, was born March 19^ 
1725, and died Jan'J^ 24, 1786, i£t.6z. 

Here lyes Burled, the Body of 
3Ir. Obadiah Hawley, Who De- 

parted this Life June 10^ Anno Domni 
1751, in y» 43* Year of his age, 

Eoswell Hawley Died May 15, 1873,. 
M. 63 Yrs. 6 mos & i day. 

James Frederick, son of Rosweil 
& Abigail D. Hawley, Died May 32, 
1849, M» 3 yrs. 4 mo. & 25 ds. 

Emma Almira, dau*' of Rosweil & 
Abigail D. Hawley, Died Nov. 13, 
1848, ^.13 mo. & 10 ds. 

Sally died June 8, 1805, in her 2* year; 

Francis TFm. died Oct. 5, 1813, in 
his 14*'' year ; 

Eliza Auffusta died Oct. 22, 1819, In 

her 8 year. 

Children of Capt. W"* & Abby B. 


Thus blooming youth are snatched away by 

And parents mourn their tender offsprinflr gone, 

The parents, too, when called must yield their 

And with them moulder In the silent urn. 


History of Stratford, 

JPhilo Hawley Died Tune i6. 1856, 
i£. 30 yrs. 3 mos. & 3 Ds. 

Caja. WiUiam Hawley died Oct 

14, 1819, in his 44 year. 
Death 1 *tii a melancholy call, 
A certain judgment on us all ; 
Into Its ley arms *twlll fold 
The gay, the great, the young, the old. 

As we have borne the Image of the earthly 
We shall also bear the image of the heavenly. 

Mev. William Hatvley Died April 
18, 1 861, JE, 40. 

Asleep In Jesus, blessed sleep. 
Prom which none ever wake to weep ; 
A calm and undisturbed repose 
Unbroken by the last of foes. 

Frank J"., only son of W" & S. C. 

Hawley, Killed by lightning June 16, 
1868, aged 13 yrs. 

Gone home 1 methlnks I hear a voice 
From yonder starry sky ; 

Why weep ye, loved ones ? sorrows tear 
Can never dim mine eye ; 

A golden harp is in my hand, 

A crown Is on my brow , 

Then dry those tears that fiill for me 

For I am happy now. 

In memory of 
Mr, John Jlnhbeu, who departed 
this Life May 7, AD. 1782, in ihe 73* 
year of his ago. 

In memory of 
Mr» Nathan HuUaell, who depart- 
ed this Life May 27, AD. 1788, in 
the 69 Year of his age. 

Mary Anna, wife of Gideon Hub- 
bell, Died Dec. 20, 184 1, aged 41 years. 

Here lyes Buried the Body of 
Capt Richard Ilubbell, Who De- 
parted this Life Novb' 27, AD. 1758, 
aged 74 Years. 

Here lyes y* Body of 
Mrs. Abigail Ilunl, Who Deces* 
July >•!•*, A. D. 1756, in y» 45*'' Year 
of her Age, 

Ann Maria, widow of Arnold Hurd. 
and former wife of Eli Wheeler, died 
Feb. 17, 1875, M. 76 yrs. 5 mos. 

Here lyes Buried y* Body of 
Mr. David Hurd, Who Departed 
this Life sepiemb' y* I9»»», A. D. 1758, 
in y* 6i»* Year of his Age. 

Here lyes y* Body of 
Mary Hurd, Daugh*' of Mr. David 
& Mrs. Susanna Hurd, Died Janu'}* 
y* 2**, 1753, in y» \b^^ Year of Her Age. 

Here lyes y» Body of 
Elnathan Hura, Son of Mr. David 
& Mrs. Susanna Hurd. Died August 
)•• 4*'*. 1753. in y* 22** Year of his Age. 

Here lyes y« Bod? of 
Hexehiah Hunt, Son of Mr. David 
Hurd & Mrs. Susanna his wife, who 
Died March y* y^, A. D. 1755, in y« 
22^ Year of his Age. 

Mr. Ebenezer Hurd Died May 7, 

1788, Aged 87 years. 

Mr8. Itebecea, His Wife, Died April 

16, 1783, Aged — years. 

In Heaven there Is res(L 
Elizabeth Hurd Died July 2, 1849, 

iE. 77 years. 

Henrietta A., daughter of Samuel 
A. & Sarah Hurd, died July 15, 1842, 
aged 4 years & 10 mo. 

Sleep on dear child and take thy rest. 
In the Si ■ • 

Saviour's arms thou art bleat. 
With thv sister calmly sleep 
Whilst fond parents o'er Uie weep. 

Mary Esther, daughter of Samuel 
A. & Sarah Hurd, died Sept. 4, 1841, 
s^Red 5 years. 

In memory of 
Mrs, Polly Hurd, Wife of Ebenezcr 
Hurd, who departed this life April 
19^'', 1806, In the 59*'* year of her age. 

In memory of 
Abnei* Hyde, who died Oct. 30, 1840, 
aged 76 years. 

Here lyes Buried the Body of 
Capt. Daniel Hide, Who departed 

this life , 1771, in the 71** year 

of His Age. 

[This stone is broken and gone, and 
some of the above items are from the 

Here lyes Burrled the Body of 
Mrs. Deborah Hide, V/ He to Capt. 
Daniel Hide, Who departed this life 
February the 17**', 1754, Aged 56 

This monument Is erected by Abncr 
Hyde in memory of his Hon. Father, 

Daniel Hyde, who died Dec. 2, 1810, 
aged 82 years. 

This monument is erected by Abner 
Hyde in memory of his Hon. Mother, 
Mary Hyde, who died Sept, 2, 1808, 
aged 75 years. 

In memory of 
Ebenezer Hyde, who died Sept. 18, 
1842, In the 84 year of his age. 

In memory of 
Eliza Ann, wife of Ebenezer Hyde, 
who died Feb. 29, 1836, aged 73 years. 
This monument is erected by her son. 

Huntington Burying-place, 


In memory of 

Elizabeth Ann Hyde, Daughter of 

Ebenezer Hyde, who died Oct. 6^,- 

1808, Aged 17 years. 
^* Life Is a vapor, 
No one is sure of life.*' 

In memory of 
Xrene Hyde, who died Dec. 24, 1837. 
aged 41 yrs. 

Erected by her three brothers. 

Erected in memory of 
Mr. EUakini Hide, Who was born 
May 13, 1727, and died June 15, 1791, 
in the 6$^'* year of his age. 

Erected in memory of 
Mrs. Martha Hide, wife of Mr. 
Eliakim Hide, who was born Nov' 
24, 1726, and died June 16, 1776, in 
the 50 Year of her age. 

In memory of 
Elislia Hyile, wlio departed this life 
Oct. 2r, 1836, in the 75 year of his age. 

Abigail, wife of Elisha Hyde, died 
Aug. 8, 1851. M. 87. 

Hepsey Hyde Died Dec. 30, 1855, 

iE. 72. 
Obediah Hyde Died Nov. 2, 1874, 

^. 83 yrs. 3 mo. 23 Ds. 

Jlebecca, wife of Obediah Il3'dc, died 
June 23, 1820, /E. 32. 

Eliza Ann, their daughter, died June 
12, 1855. iE. 43. 

James Imnan Died June 27, 1874. 
Aged 78. 

Janies 8. Ininan, Jr,, Died at 
Atlanta. G.A., Sept. 30, 1864, Aged 29. 

John Intnan Died June 10, 187 1, 

Aged 47. 

A kind and affectionate husband. 
'* Gone, but not forgotten." 

Cluirloit, wifo of John Inman, Died 
Feb. 8, 1876, Aged 47 yrs. 
Asleep in Jesus. 

In memory of 
^Hscilla, wife of John P. Jackson, 
Who died April is. 1829, aged 37 

In memory of 
EalbarineJudd,x9ho died Mar. 19, 
1840, aged 85. 

In memory of 
Abigail, wife of Balbarine Judd, who 
died Nov. 22, 1823, ^E. 66 yrs. 

Miss Naomi, daughter of Mr. BaU 
marine & Mrs. Abigail Judd, died 
April 17, 1804, aged 23 years. 

Miss Hannah, daughter of Mr. BaU 
marine & Mrs. Abigail Judd, died 
August 9. 1818, in the 18 year of her 

JLewis H. Judd died Jan. 30, 1833. 
iE. 37. 

Elizabeth A., his Wife, died Sept. 
12. 1851, iE. 34. 

Sleep quiet here my friends 
Death won't us long divide ; 
A few more rowling suns 
Will lay us by your side. 

In memory of 
Col. Affur Judson, who died Dec. 
29» 1837, in the 87 year of his age. 

In memory of 
Mrs. Ann.xvife of Col. Agur Judson, 
who died Dec. 29, 1831, in the 80 year 
of her age. 

William^ Son of Mr. Agur & Mrs. 
Ann Judson, died October I4^'», 1774, 
aged 6 months & 15 Ds. 

Agur Judson Died Sept. 24, 187 1, 
iE. 91 Yrs. 

Eebecca B., Wife of Agur Judson, 
died Nov. 28. AD. 1859, iE. 72 Yrs. 
** Into thine hand I commit my Spirit, thou 

hast redeemed me, O Lord God of truth.** 

In memory of 
David Judson, who died Nov. 4, 
1848, iE. 60. 

In memory of 
Betsey Judson, who died June 16, 
1847, iE. 69. 

In memory of 
Beacon Ephraim Judson, who 

departed this life Nov»»' 14^, 1782, In 
the 88*'> vear of his age. 
He used the office of a Deacon welL was a 
Lover of good Men, his Saviour & his God. 

Sarah F,, Daughter of Albert & 
Nancy Guthrie, died Nov. 11^, 1852, 
iE. 20. 

Here lyes Buried y* Body of 
Mrs. Bebeckah Jtulson, Wife to 
Deacon Ephraim Judson, who de* 
parted this Life Decem' 16^, 1754, in 
the 59"* year of her age. 

Here lyes Buried y* Body of 
Epiiraim Judson. M.A., Son of 

Deac** Ephraim Juason & Mrs. Re- 
beckah, His Wife, who Departed this 
Life July S***, Anno Dom» 1751, in the 
30**» Year of His Age. 

Here lyes the Body of 
Mrs. Abigail Judson, Wife to Dea. 
Ephraim Judson, Who departed this 
life Feb'y the 9»\ 1774. in y* 66*^ Year 
of Her Age. 


History of Stratford. 

IBphraim 8* Judson Died May lo, 
1855, Aged 28. 

In memory of 
Ephraim tTtidson, who died Dec. 
15, 1826, iE. 40. 

€^auld JtuUan Died June 37, 1883. 
JE, 62 yrs. & 6 roos. 

jiddaide, daughter of Gould & Cor- 
nelia Judson, died May 18, 1855, Aged 
4 years & 6 mos. 

I§€Uie Judson died Dec. 4, 1853, M, 

Poily, wife of Isaac Judson, died May 

18, 1856, Aged 66. 

JFranceSf daughter of Isaac & Polly 
Judson, died May 11. i8s3. -£• 18 
yrs. & 9 mo. 

Jane Judson died July 18, 1878, JE, 
54 years. 

John Judson died May 17, 1873, 
Aged 77 years. 

In memory of 
JPamelaf wife of John Judson, who 
died June 30, 1834, in the 36 year of 
her age. 

In memory of 
Mr. Jonathan Jutlson, who de- 

parted this life April 6, 1799, aged 71 

Death will invade us by the means appointed. 
And we must bow to the King of terrors ; 
Nor am I anxious if I am prepared 
What shape he comes in. 

In memory of 
I^oUy, wife of Jonathan Judson, who 
died Feb. 28, 1S43, aged 85 yrs. 

In memoryof 
Letnuel Judson, Esq., who de- 
parted this life March 26, 1842, in the 
78 year of his age. 

In memory of 
Sarah Judson, wife of Lemuel Jud- 
son, Esq., who died July 12, 1817 ; in 
the 49 year of her age. 

Itobert Judson f son of Henry & 
Julia Smith. Robbie Died March 8, 
1866, aged 14 mos. 

In memoryof 
lioswell Judson, Esq,, who died 
Mar. I, 183s, in the 66 year of his age. 

William B, Judson, Born Oct. 20, 
1841, Died Oct. 4, 1871. 

Not lost but gone before. 

Marietta, Wife of William A. Jud- 

son. Born Mar. 8, 1815, Died Mar. 23, 

She endeavored lo fulfill every duty. 

SaUy Kassan, daughter of Mr. Adam 
& Mrs. Honor Kasson, died SepL 19, 
181 1 ; in the 26 year of her age. 
She lived but to die, and died to live agaiii. 

Enoch Lane, Died October 6, 1856, 
Aged 80 years & 10 mos. 

Pamelia, wife of Enoch Lane, Died 
Dec. 22, 1 86s, ^- 86 years & 8 mo. 

Miranda, daughter of Enoch & Pam- 
elia Lane, died Nov. 6, 1 81 7, aged 10 
years & 6 mos. 

ToUy Ann, their daughter, died Nor. 
16, 181 1, aged 9 mo. & 8 ds. 

Here Ives y* Body of 
Mrs. llHUUth Lane. Wife to Mr. 
Charles Lane. Jun' (s daughter of 
Mr. Timothy Blackman), who depart- 
ed this life Jan'y, y« 28*^, 1759, in j* 
22* Year of Her Age. 

Here lyes y* Remains of 
Mr. Jacob Lane, who Lived in a 
Course of Piety & virtue, & Ex- 
changed this life in hopes of a Bless- 
ed Immortality April the 14*^ 1763, 
in the 52** Year of his Age. 

lihnily. Daughter of Lyman & Loisa 
Lattin, Died Apr. 21, 1866. Aged 1$ 
yrs. 4 mos. 

Lyman 8., Son of Lyman & L. Lat- 
tin. died June 3. 1843, /E. 13 mo. 
This lovely bud, so young and fair, 

Called hence by early ooom. 
Just came to show how fair a flower 
In Paradise could bloom. 

Nathan li.. Son of Lyman & Loisa 
Lattin, died Jan. 16, 1844, ^. 4 yrs. & 
2 mo. 
This lovely plant we wish to raise. 

Resign it here we must 
Into the hands of God who gave. 
And in bis mercy trust. 

Frank, Son of Lyman & Lucy Dor- 
man, Died Aug. 4, 1865, JE. 11 yrs. & 
I mo. 

Also an infant Brother, Died Dec. i, 


In memory of 
Mr. TJiomas LeUten, who died 

Oct. 22'*, 1776, aged 83 years. 

In memory of 
Mrs. Mary Latten, wife of Mr. 
Thomas Laiien, who died June 18^, 
I773f aged 76 years. 
Death has dysolved these sacred ties. 

May each to happier realms remove. 
There meet and range the blissful fields 
• *****• 

In bands of everlasting love. 

Huntington Burying-place. 


In memory of 
CapU Edniond Leavetisworth, 

who departed this Life July 28**', 1785, 
in the 61*^ year of his age. 

By long experience ha^e I known 

Thy sov'reign power to save ; 
At thy command I venture down 
Securely to the grave. 

In memory of 
JLhigail, Wife of Edmond Leavens- 
worth, who died Mar. 18, i — , aged 
83 years. 

In memory of 
Abijah Leavenworth, Son of Capt. 
Eomond & Mrs. Abigail Leavenworth, 
who died Nov. 9, 1777, aged 19 years. 

Here lyes Interr'd the Body of 
JDoct.TIionias Leavenworth, who 

Departed this Life Aug** 4"'. AD. 
1754. in y' 81'* Year of his Age. 

In Memory of 
JUrs* Mary, tlie Wife of Doct. Thomas 
Leavenworth, Who Died June y* — , 
A. D. 1768, in }• 89**' Year of her Age. 

This Stone is solemnly inscribed by 
Mrs. Anna Lester to the memory 
of her husband, 
DocU John Lester, who died Jani^ 
5**i 1795. In ihc 35 year of his age. 
And to their son, 
John Cou shier Lester, who was 
born Nov' 30*'', 1788, and died Nov' 

23. 1794. 

In memory of 
Miirry Lester, who died Sept. 5, 
1795. Aged 71. 

In memory of 
3Ir, Abel Lewis, who died Jan. 2, 
1818, aged 75 years. 

3Ir8* Hannah, his wife, died June 
7, 1788, aged 43 years. 

In memory of 
Tolly Jtetsey Lewis, Dau*' to Mr. 
Abel & Mrs. Hannah Lewis, Who 
Departed this Life August, 1773, in 
the 3d year of her Age. 

In memory of 
Birdsey Lewis Died Nov. 27, 1822, 
Aged 72 Years, Also 

Jeitisha, his wife. Died June 9, 1821, 
In the 66^ year of her age. 

JElihu Lewis, Son of Birdsey & Mrs. 

Jerusha Lewis, who departed this 

Life sepr i'*. 1794, Aged 20 Years 

the day that he died. 
If there Is a power above. He must delight In 
virtue, and toat which he delights In must be 

Cyrus Letvis Died Aug. 25, i86i,i£. 
83 yrs. 

Alice, His Wife. Died May 36. 1861, 
-/E. 68 yrs. 

Cyrus B. Died Nov. 16, 1816. 
Antasa B, Died May 17. 1822. 
Ellis jET. Died Jan. 6, 1827. 
Edgar B* Died April 20, 1830. 
Edgar B. Died Sept. 15. 183a, the 

infant children of Cyrus & Allis 

Jane A, Died Nov. is« 1826^ iE. 2 

Mary B, Died Dec. 7, 1826, M, 7 


The daugh*" of Cyrus & Alllce Lewis. 

Our Mother 
Charily, wife of Nathan Lewis died 
Jan. 21, 1851, iE. 78. 

[a monumsnt.1 - 
rWest Side.] 

JDavid Lewis Died Feb. 13. 1871, M, 

EUy Lewis Died Mar. 3, 1873, iE. 76. 

[North Side.] 
Harriett, Died May 13, 1826, JE. 23. 

Hannah Died Jan. 29. 1867, M. 69. 
Wives 01 Elly Lewis. 

[Rast Side.] 

Sarah, Wifo of David Lewis, Died 
Feb. 2. 1871. iE. 66. 

Amelia, Wife of David Lewis, Died 
Apr. 26, 1832, M. 36. 

[South Side.] 
Julia, Wife of Joseph a. Lewis, Died 
Sept. I, 1832, iE. 34. 

Ephraini Lewis Died Sept. 25, 1810, 
iE. 42 yrs. 

Mehetahle, his wife, died June 2, 1852, 
iE. 81 yrs. 

In mcmorv of 
Mrs. Sarah Lewis, Wife of Mr. 
Ephraim Lewis, who departed this 
Life May s***, 1776. in her 53* year. 

Here lyes y* Body of 
Betiinnah Lewis, Daughter of Mr. 
Ephraim & Mrs. Sarah Lewis Who 
Died Jany y* 19***, I753» Aged 6 Years 
& I month. 

Here lyes Buried y* Body of 
Eben Lewis, son of Ichobod Lewis, 
Esq'. & Mrs. Sarah, his wife, who 
departed this life Nov»»' i8'»», 1754. In 
y* 13*'' year of his age. 

He Rests secure Beneath the Dust, 
Till the BHght Morning Just. 
Then he shall rise and ever shine, 
Adorn'd With Beautys all Divine. 


^ . _• 1 

1879. ^- »~_-e, *«« •' « 48. 

^^^^ «U.a T. Mm.. Died 
1794. «^***' c^ fOHUf ««^-^^af born a6 


lames '^• 

='8*'^*" ,. memory o« 

"* In metno7 "^ «,.,,„ of Mt. 

pc\ ol Chnsi ^^y^ o«,**/®^tk Year . 

of his age* 5* ' 

Also ^ memoiy "I ,^^^ consort 

11 1«K«. »^^« I? Us tvlio aV«« 

jed.d>a»\ « ^.(„ AP«»» "• " 

Huntington Burying-place. 


In memory of 
WUliam Mills who died Sept. 22, 
1833, aged 34 years. 

In memory of 

Mrs. Estlier MUcFiell, the wife of 

Mr. John Mitchell, who left this world 

March 14. 1810, in the dg^** year of her 

In hopes of a blessed immortality. 
The sweet rememb'rance of the just 
Shall flourish when they sleep in dust. 

John It. MUdicil Died Dec. 25, 
1869, M. 69. 

I>oUy, His Wife, Died Sept. 26. 1872, 

iE. 77. 
Lewis MUcFiell Died Jan. 15, 1823, 

-/E. 34- 
Abby, His Wife, died Oct. 20, 1862, 

iE. 73. 

In memory of 
Noah Monroe f who died Dec. 11, 
1836, nged 32 years. Also 

Marti £7.; daughter of Noah& Abigail 
A. Monroe, died April 5. 1837, aged 
I yr. & I mo. 

Sarah 3Ioore Died Jan. 8, 1879, ^. 

83 yrs. 

She put her trust in God. 

Florence JV,, daughter of D. N. & M. 

U. Morgan, born Dec. 5, 1876. Died 

April 18, 1878. 
** She faltered by the wayside, and the angels 
took her home. 

In memory of 
Hosa, wife of Harlow Morris, who died 
May 15, 1858, iE. 76 yrs. 
Mother has gone, but we shall meet her. 

In mcmoiyof 
Levi Morris who died Jan. 31, 1836, 
iE. 49 years. 

JPefffff/f wife of Levi Morris, Died Dec. 

22, 1868, Aged 79 years. 
Erected by her friends who remember Peggy. 

In memory of 
JIarlow 3Iorris, who died April 16, 
1859. vE. 71 yrs- 

This stone is erected in memory of 
JRev^ ChristopJier Netuton, Rec 
tor of St. Paul's Church in Ripton, 
who departed this life Feb. 6, 1787, in 
the 68*'' Year of his Age, and 34*'* of 
his Ministry. 
Piety in his Life and fidelity in his office, 
Constrain the belief that his Soul Is with the 
Saints In the kingdom of his redeemer. 

In memory of 
Mrs. Elizabeth Netvton, Consort 
of The Rev. Christopher Newton, 
who died January 8*'», 1805, In the 
84^ year of her age. 


In memory of 
David B. Newton, Esq., who died 
July 17, 1842, aged 85 years. 

When I can read my title clear, . 

To mansions In the skies, 
I bid farewell to every fear 
And wipe my weeping eyes. 

Alsada C, Daughter of Nathan B. & 
Phebe A., NichoU, Died October 27, 
1864, JE. II yrs. & 9 mo. 

Transplanted from earth 
To bloom in Heaven. 

Daniel Nichols Died April 13, 1865, 
iE. 87. 

Hannah B., wife of Daniel Nichols, 
Died May 10, 1862, iE. 83 yrs.^& 3 

Rest In peace. 

Nancy M., wife of Daniel A. Nichols, 
Died May 26, 1852, aged 38 yrs. 
I heard a voice from heaven saylnff unto me. 
Write, Itlessed are the dead who die In the 
I^rd from henceforth : Yea, saith the Spirit 
that they may rest from their labours; and 
their works do follow them. 

David A. Died Nov. 5. 1854, JE, 2yr. 
6 mo., [Son of] Daniel A. & Nancy 
M. Nichols. 

Dea. Ira Nichols Died May 24, 

1874, JE. 79 yrs. & 7 mos. 

Precious in the slfi;ht of the Lord Is the death 
of his Saints. 

In memory of 
Bethia O., wife of Ira Nichols, who 
Died May 27, 1848, JE, 48 yrs. & 10 

Steplien C, Son of Ira & Bethiah 
Nichols, Died Nov. 6, 1853, JE, 20 
yrs. & 6 mo. 

In memory of 
Lorcey, daughter of Eli & Sarah Nich- 
ols, died June 3, 1820, aged 22 years. 

Theophilus, Son of Mr. £11 & Mrs. 
Sarah Nichols, died Sept. 10, 1804 ; 
Aged 16 years & 5 months. 

Their infant son William died Feh. 25. 
[No further date to this record.] 

Miss Anner Nichols, daughter of 
Mr. Eli & Mrs. Sarah Nichols, died 
March 7, 1806, in the 21 year of her 

JPolly, wife of George L. Nichols, Died 
Oct. 18, 1873. iE. 71 yrs. 
" Hark from the tombs a doleful sound.*' 

In memory of 

Bulandus Nichols who died Nov. 

20, 1826, in the 24 year of his age. ' 

In memory of 
SaUy Nichols, who died Aug. 19, 
1826, in the 23 year of her age. 


History of Stratford. 

J>oc* Stephen Nichols died Jan. 11, 
1808, in the 24 year of his age. 

In meroonr of 
Mr. Theaphilue Nichols who De- 

parted this life May 16, 1785, in the 
34^^ Year of his age. 

In memory of 
Mr. William Nichols who depart- 
ed this life Sept. 16* 1794. in the 70«* 
year of his age. 

In memory of 

Mrs. Ann Nichols, Wife of Mr. 

William Nichols, who departed this 

life July 14. 1776, in the 47*^ year of 

her Age. 

**Stfo within the fold." 

Ira Zt.f infant son of Ira C. & Emma 
Northrop, died July 30, 1863, i£. 9 
mo. & 4 ds. 

tTatnes JR., Infant son of J. E. & M. 

A. Paige, died May 27, 1874. Aged 21 

Thirsey 8., Wife of E. S. Pardee. 
Bom Feb. i, 1812, Died Dec. 12, 1879. 

J'atnes IT., Son of Treat & Emeline 
Parker, Died Jan. 8, 1870, i£. 24 yrs. 
& 6 mos. 

Margaret %f., daughter of Treat & 
Amelia Parlcer, Died July 22, 1848, 
aged 8 yrs. 

In memory of 
Mariah, wife of Anson Patterson, 
who died May 18, 1837, aged 25. 
Oh my dear friend as you pass by 
As you are now so once was I, 
As I am now so you must be, 
Oh do prepare to follow me. 

In memory of 
Sally, wife of Anson Patterson, who 
died May 29, 1843. /E. 39 yrs. 

Ahby Peet, Born into the Life Tem- 
poral Sept. II, 1792, Born into the 
Life Eternal Apr. 16, 1857. 

** Not the Here, but the Hereafter." 

In memory of 

Isaac N., Son of Nathan N. & Polly 

Peet, who died Dec. 6, 1832, ^. 26 

Go home dear friends dry up your tears 
I must lie here till Christ appears, 
My debt is paid my grave you see 
Prepare yourselves to follow me. 

Miss Sally Peet Died Aug. 22, 1825, 

iE. 22 years. 

Be ye also ready. 
B. Sidney Piatt Died Apr. 13. 1865, 

iE. 35 yrs. & 17 Ds. 

Louise E,, Wife of R. Sidney Plait, 
Died Jan. 28, 1870, iE. 24 Yrs. 5 mos. 

In memory of 
Silvester Post, who died June zi 
1840, aged 72. 

I>oUy, wife of Silvester Post, died 
August 15, 1852, iE. 72 yrs. & 7 mo. 

Bev. Thomas Pundersan died 
Aug. I, 1848, Aged 64. 

Betsey, his wife, died Apr. 30, 1876, 
aged &|. 

Harriet Punderson died Feb. si, 

1853. -«. 33. 

Edward Punderson died Sept. 17, 

1854, iE. 38. 

John MeC. Ely, Son-in-law of Rot. 
Thomas Punderson, died Sept. 23, 
1849, ^* 37. 

JlfaHa,^wife of Hezekiah Rodd ft 
Daughter of Othniel & Hannah De- 
Forest, Died Jany. 12, 1828, iE. 37. 

Frederick, son of Hez^ & Mary E. 

Rudd, Di^ Aug. 29, 1836, JE., 2 yrs. 
5 Mos. & 10 Ds. 

Deborah Iticfin^ond died July 8, 
1876, Aged 86 Years. 

In memory of 
Mrs. AMah Shelton, Wife of Mr. 
EbenezerShelton.who died April 5*^, 
1798. aged 58 years. 

Alfred Shelton, Died May 8. 1857. 
Aged 65 years. 

Btith, wife of Alfred Shelton, Died 
Mar. 6, 1854, M. 65. 

Sarah E. Shelton, Born Dec. 29. 
1831, Died May 5, 1876. 


Ambrose Shelton, Bom May 27. 
1802. Died Oct. 29, 1878. 

Helen M. Curtis, wife of Ambrose 
Shelton, Born Jan. 2, 1804, Died 
March 14, 1877. 

Susan C. SJielton, their daughter. 
Born April 19, 1831, Died Jan. 12, 

In memory of 
Andrew Shelton, who died Nov. 4, 
182S, aged 82. 

In memory of 
Sarah, relict of Andrew Shelton, who 

died July 13, 1840. ni^ed 87 years. 

Lord I have loved the habitation of thy house, 
the place where thine honour dwelleth. 

Abigail Wells, daughter of Andrew 
Sz Sarah Shelton, Died Jan. 2, 1852, 

Huntington Burying-place. 


In memory of 
'Benjainin SfieUon who died Oct. 

I3f 1823, iE. 63. 
ChristopJier y. SheUon Born Apr. 

16, 1795. Died Nov. 23, 1872. 

Our Mother. 
dUFieriiie, wife of C. N. Shelton. 
Esq.. Born July 14. 1798, Died Nov. 
10, 1855. 
Caroline, Daughter of Christopher N. 
and Catharine Shelton, Died Jan. 19, 
Mr» Daniel SheUon died May 12, 
181 3, aged 76 years. 
May Angels with their guardian wings 
This dreary tomb o'er spread. 
And guard until the close of time 
This mansion of the dead. 

In memory of 
Meltable, wife of Daniel Shelton, 
who died Sept. 22, 1812, in the 72 year 
of her age. 


Children of David P. & Julia Shelton. 
Julia Ann Died Jan. 13. 1849, iE. 20. 
Caroline Died Oct. 14. 1849, iE. 15. 
Henry B. Died Nov. 5, 1853. iE. 28. 
Mary F. Died Nov. 18, 1854, -«. 25. 
mii SlieUon died Oct. 13. 18441 s^ged 

73 yr«- 

In memory of 
Uepsey Slicltotlf wife of Eli Shelton, 
who died Jan. 16, 1842, aged 62 years. 

In memory of 
JElizabeth, wife of Zachariah Shelton, 

who died Aug. 2, 1801, aged 32 years. 
Caty Maria, their daughter, died 

Jan. 2. 1799, aged 2 years & 4 mon's. 

I am the resurrection and the life. 
In memory of 

Elifah B. 8/ielton who (after a long 
and distressing illness, which he sus- 
tained with exemplary patience and 
fortitude) died July 23, 1823 in the 45 
year of his age. This monumental 
Stone is erected by his afflicted 
Widow as a tribute to the best of 

Betsey, wifeof Elijah B. Shelton, Died 
Dec. 16. 1865, iE. 76. 

Jane Jlf.» Daughter of Elijah B. & 
Betsey Shelton, Died Sept. 24, 1876, 
iE. 59 Yrs. 

Elijah Daniel SheUon died Jan- 
uary 2**, 181 1, In the 38 year ol his 

Sarah, wifeof Elijah D. Shelton, Died 

Aug. 12, 1859, '^* 76 Yrs. 
Elijah Starr SheUon Born May 12, 

1812 ; Died May 27, 1882. 

In memory of 
Frederick Shelton, Son of Mr. 

Daniel Shelton, ^^, & Mebetable. his 
Wife. Who died Nov' 26. 1767, in y» 
5**» Year of his Age. 

In memory of 
Elijah SlieUon, Son of Mr. Daniel 
& Mrs. Mahittabell Shelton, Who 
died Nov' 8, 1767, in y* 5**»yearof 
his Age. 

Isaac P. SheUon died Sept. 20, 1846, 
aged 76. 

Catliarine, wife of Isaac P. Shelton, 
Died Dec. 27, 1872, iE. 80 years x mo. 

Two infant children of Isaac P. & 
Catharine Shelton ; the first died April 
9, 181 5, Aged 15 ds. ; the second died 
May'8, 1816. i£. 8 ds. 

Ira A. Shelton Died March 23, 1877, 
Aged 33 Years. 

We shall meet again to part no more. 

James H. SheUon, M.l)., Died 
May 10, 1868, Aged 62. 

Gone to a better land. 

Jantes W, Slielton Died Oct. 5» 
i860, iE. 26 yrs. 9 mo. & 21 Ds. 
Death loves a shining mark. 


Joel SheUon Died June 26, 1857, 

Aged 41* 

Be ye also ready, for in such an hour as ye 
think not the Son of man cometh. 

Samuel SlieUon Died Feb. 35, 1862, 
iE. 82. 

Anna, His Wife, Died Mar. 19, 1867, 
iE. 83. 


Juflson C» SlieUon Died Aug. 4, 
1880, iE. 81 yrs. 10 mo. 


Hannah Leuds, wife of Judson C. 

Shelton, Died July 13, 1883, iE. 81 

yrs. 4 mo. 
** Blessed are they that maketh the Lord their 


Sylvia Au{fHsta, daughter of Jud- 
son C. & Hannah Shelton, died Sept. 
9, 1842, aged 3 yrs. 

Julia SlieUon, wife of John H. 

Whiting, Died Oct. i, 1876, Aged 76 


The weary are at rest. 


History of Stratford. 

Lewis Sheitan Died Dec. 24, 1855, 
iE. 84. 

Charity Sh€ttan,h\s wife, Died Feb. 
13. 1867. iE. 97. 

Itfarcenia, son of Capt. Lewis Shel- 
ton, died Nov, 13, 1819, in his 22 year. 

Nelson Sheitan Died Dec. ai, 1851, 
Aged 50. 

Samuel D. Sheitan died Oct. 16. 

1871, Aged 75 yrs. 

Boast not thyself of tomorrow for tliou know- 
est not what « day will bring forth. 

Sylvia, Wife of Samuel D. Shelton, 
Died Jan. 14, 1798, Aged 81 yrs. 
What Is your life ? It it even a vaper that 

appeareth tor a little time and then vanlsheth 


Satntiel F. Sheitan Died June 11, 
1852, M, 81. 

Eunice Hannah, wife of Samuel F. 
Shelton, Died June 13, 1866, iE. 91 
yrs. 5 mos. 

In memoH'of 
Mr. Samuel SheUan, who died 
Oct. 20, 18 1 3, aged 65 years. 

Father, Mother &. Brother. 

Silas Sheitan Died July 12, 1853, ^E. 
78 Yrs. 

Hannah H*, His wife, Died Sept. 
10, 1822, /£., 44 Yrs. 

Francis, their son. Died Oct. 8, 1830, 
iE. 9 Yrs. 

Thamas S. Sheitan Died in Derby, 
Conn., Jan. 13, i860, JE, 79. 

In memory of 
Mary Ann Slieltan, wife of Thom- 
as S. Shelton, who died at Canandai- 
fua, Ontario County. N. Y., Feb. 29, 
: was buried there Mar. 9, 1836, M. 
53 yrs. 

In memory of 
Mr. Hiaddeus SiCeltan, who de- 
parted this life November the 14, 

X781, in the 80^^ year of his age. 
The Woman's Seed shall bruise the Serpent's 

And Christ shall raise his Servants from the 


In memory of 
Mrs. Esther*, the wife of Mr. Thad- 
deus Shelton, Who died May the 6, 
AD. 1778, in the 60*** year of her age. 

In memory of 
WiUiam C. Sfieltan, who died July 
30, 1840, aged 25. 

Doct. William Sheitan was born 
March 3, 1767, was a graduate of Yale 
College 1788, Licensed as Physician 
& Surgeon 1790, And received the 
degree of M.D. 1817. After a service 
of successful practice he (ell a victim 
to the Typhus Fever Aug. 20, 1 8 19, 
Aet 52. 

In token of Filial AflFectloo This Stone to 
erected by his Children, a mournful tribute 
to the memory of the best of Fathers. 

Caty, wife of William Shelton. M.D., 
died July 14, 1858, i£. 88. 

In memor)' of 

ZeclmiHah SJieltan, who died July 
10, 1833, aged 67 years. 

Our days begin with trouble here 

Our life Is but a span, 
And cruel death is always near 
So frail a thing is man. 

Phebe, wife of Zechariah Shelton, Died 

Jan. I, 1852, M. 75. 

Now I lie buried deep in dust. 

My flesh shall be thy care. 
These withering limbs to thee I trust 

To raise them strong and fair. 

Sally IF., dau^' of Zechariah & Phebe 
Shelton, died July 11, 1850, iE. 36. 

Hannah E., daughter of Zechariah 
Shelton, died April 27, 1830, aged 14 

In memory of a son and daughter of 

Zechariah & Phebe Shelton. 
Zechariah died April 23, 1824, aged 
16 yrs. 8 mons. 

Pliebe E. died Aug. 12, 1824, aged 14 
years 9 mons. . 

Now you are young, robust A snry 
And little think that you must die, 
Your rosy cheeks now drest so gay 
Must soon appear but mouldering day. 

In memory of 

Eigs Scott, Son of Mr. Andrew Scott, 
Who departed this life May the 20*^, 
1759, Aged 2 years. 

In memory of 

Mrs. Avis Sherman, the Wife of 
Mr. Philo Sherman, who died March, 
1785, in the 30 vcar of her age. 
Beneath these Clods my body lies 
To Cruel Death, a Death of Sacrifice ; 
No age nor Sex from Death is free 
Oh think of Death then think of me. 

Glaver N. Siiannan Died June 2. 

1867. it. 50. 

Death is to me a sweet repose 
The bud has spread to show the rose. 
The cage has Durst to let me fly 
And seek my happiness on high. 

Huntington Burying-place. 


David M.9 Son of G. N. & S. J. Sher- 

man, died June i6^\ 1868, Aged 10 

I cfime to the spot where my poor Dtvid lay, 

And i>entively stood by his tomb 
When in a low whisper I heard something say 

How sweetly I sleep here alone. 
The tempest may howl and the loud thunders 

And gathering storms may arise ; 
Yet calm are my feelings, at rest is my soul. 

And the tears are all wiped from my eyes. 

S.icred to iho memory of 
Ift'/r. llepsa Ely Sfttlvian, Wife 
of Gold S. Silliman and daughter of 
Rev. David Ely, D.D., & Mrs. Hcpsa 
Ely; Horn \n Huntington Oct. 23'*. 
- 1778, She departed this life on the 22<^ 
of Jan.. 1864. in the Sd*** year of her 
age. at Brooklyn, New York. 
She vras distinguished, honored and loved 
for her wisdom and dignity : her great intel- 
lectual powers and varied snd extensive 
learning; the firmness and elevation of her 
principles, her lidclity and earnestness in the 
jicrformance of every duty ; the steadfastness 
of her friendship ; tne generosity, unselfish- 
ness, sincerity and tenderness of her heart ; the 
warmth of her affections ; her heavenly temper, 
truth, benevolence, purity, refinement, gentle- 
ness and piety. 

Her beloved husband and children have 
placed this Tablet by the grave of her parents, 
whom she revered and deeply loved. 

In memory of 
John Shumniel, who died Aug. 6, 
i860, Ai, 26 years. 

Enos Smith died April 5, 1858, JE. 
73 yrs. 

AjHttna Smith died Sept. 18, 1852, 
jE. 63 yrs. 
Their toils are past, their work is done 

And they are fullv blest. 
They fought the fight, the victory's won 
And entered into rest. 

In memory of 
Henry JR., Son of II. A. & Sally 
Smith, who died March 29, 1836, aged 
8 years. 

Saily 31. Smith Died Sept. i. 1872, 
Aged 80 years. 

Col, Jonfithan Steai^ns Died July 
2, 1859, M. 72 yrs. 

Hannah Kezia, wife of Col. Jon. 

Stearns, daughter of S. M. & A. 

Brownson, died July 15, 1857, Aged 

27 yrs. & 3 mos. 
" Virtue, not rolling suns, the mind matures." 

Havid Summers Died May 12, 
1868. JE. 81 yrs & 6 mo. 

Ahhy B. Summers died June 11, 
i855> Aged 74 years. 

To the memory of 
Edward B, Summers, who died 
April 27,- 1842. in the 45 year of his 
age. Also 

Henry S. cO Estl^r A., infants of 
Edward B. & Susan Summers. 

Lemuel Summers, bom Jan. 11, 
1783. died Oct. 30. 1875 ; Volunteer in 
the Connecticut State Troops for the 
war of 1812. 

In memory of 
Zachariah S. Summers, who died 
April 12, 1838, aged 72 years. 

Orisel Summers, wife of Zachariah 
S. Summers, died Mar. — , 1848, aged 


Comfort, Daughter of Peter & Je- 
mimnh Thomas died Feb. 11, 1820, 
aged 21. 

Mr. Abraham TJiompson died 

July 4, 1822, Aged 69 years. 
Weep not for me. 
Wisdoms ways are pleasant and her paths are 

Mrs. Sarah Thompson, wife of 
Ab"" Thompson, died March 30, 1838, 
aged 81. 

Ezra, Son of Mr. Abraham & Mrs. 
Sarah Thompson, died Jan. 18, 1807, 
aged 5 years 7 months & 23 days. 
Life's a debtor to the grave. 

>Ioline8s to the Lord. 

David Thotnpson Died Nov. 17, 

1819 M 53. 
BacJiel, His Wife died Nov. 19, 1819, 

it: 58. 

In memory of 
Mr. Elihu Thompson %vho de- 
parted this life August 27^*^ 1802 in 
the 70*'* year of his age 
The sweet remembrance of the just 
Shall flourish when he sleeps in dust. 

In memorv of 
Mrs. Hannah Thompson who 

departed this Life Jany 29, 1770 in the 
38 year of her age. 

THOMPSON, [a monument.] 

Jno. Thompson Died Dec. 3, 1810, 

Comfort wife of Jno. Thompson Died 

Nov. 4, 1822, M 82. 

Ephhn Thompson Died Jan. 3. 

1852, M. 89. 
Jonathan TFiompson died Dec. 

3, 18 10, aged 74 years. 


History of Stratford. 

In memory of 
Joseph Thompson, Died April 4, 

1839, Aged 55 years. 
Anna Frances died May 12. 1835, 

iE. 6 yrs. 2 mo. 
Samuel died June 6, 1835. M, 2 yrs. 

10 mos. 15 ds. 

John died May 25, 1835. i£. n mo. 

Children of John & Mary Ann 


Adieu, ftdieu. « short sdieu 
Our dearest friends, we bid to you 
But let this hope dry up our tears 
We'll live scMQ when Christ appears. 

In memory of 
Julia Ann, daughter of Edmond & 
Mariah Thompson, who departed this 
life by drowning, July 39, 1833, M. 4 
yrs. 8 mo. & 10 ds. 

In memory of 
Mr. Natlian Thompson, who died 

Oct' 22, 1799, in the S?*** year of his 


This tomb-stone Is given by bis brother and 
Sister, David Thompson of Stratford &. Dorothy 
Tibbies of Mllford, whom they dearly loved a. 
greatly lamented. 

Bradley Thorp Died Feb. 20. 1866. 
Aged 61 yrs. 

In memory of 
The JRev. Ambrose Todd, Rector 
of St. Paul's and St. Peter's Churches 
in Huntington, who expired on 25^'' 
of July, 1809, in the 45 year of his age 
and the 22^ of his ministry. 
This monument is erected by the Episcopal 
Society as a testimony of respect and esteem 
towards him their Clergyman, for his piety and 
zeal as a preacher, and goodness as a man. 
The sweet remembrance of the just 
Shall flourish when he sleeps in dust. 

I am the Resurrection and the Life. 
Sacred to the memory of 
Miss Martha JR. Todd, daughter 
of the Rev. Ambrose Todd, who de- 
parted this life Oct. I3*S Ad 1808, 

JEX. 19. 

Peace to the ashes of the dead 
Peace to the soul's etherial shade 
Peace which thou, God, alone can give 
And bid the virtuous air receive. 

Sacred to the memory of 
IFiUUim K. Todd, Son of the Rev. 
Ambrose Todd. Died Dec. 10, 1806, 
In the 3*^ year of his age. 
Rest lovely Babe, thy tolls are at an end 
Returned to God thy Savior &. thy Kriend. 

Mev. Charles Jarvis Todd died 
in Polo, III., May 3, 1859, in the 59 
year of his age. 
Blessed are the dead which die in the Lord. 

In memorr of 
Ckipi, Beach Tomlineon, who died 
Nov. 28, 1817 ; affed 91 years. 
Unvail thy bosom nithful tCMnb, 
Take these new treasarea to thy tmst ; 
And give these sacred relics room 
To seek a slumber In the dust. 

In memory of 
Mrs. CJiarity TonUinswi, Wife of 
Capt. Beach Tomlinson, who died 
Nov. 19*^, 1809 ; In the 73 year of 
her age. 

In memory of 
Oideon Tomlinson, Son to Mr. 

Bearh Tomlinson & Mrs. Charity his 
wife, who departed this life Decern* 
ber y !•*. 1772, aged 2 years aod 7 

In memory of 
Elizabeth Tomlinson, Dau*' of 
Mr. Beach Tomlinson and Charity 
his Wife, who depaned this Life 
April 2i»*, 1772, in y« 4*^ year of her 

In memory of 
JDavid Tomlinson, who died July 
I, 1828, aged 49 years. 

Elizabeth A. Tomlinson died 
Aug. II, 1845, aged 61. 

Boct. Joseph Tomlinson died 

April 6, 1863. /£,, 62. 

Sally E., wife of Doct. Joseph Tom- 
- linson, Died Aug. 18, 1878, JE. 72. 

Sarah Ann, Wife of Gould Tomlio. 
son, Died Jan. 15, 1865, Aged 46. 

Amelia M., Wife of George W. Tur- 
ne)', and daughter of Elisha & Ruth 
Beardsley, Died June 15, 1850. M, 30 

For thou hast gained a brighter land. 

And death's cold stream is past ; 

Thine are the joys at God's right hand 

That shall forever last. 

David S. Ufford died Aug. 23, 1881, 
yE. 69. 

Annie, His Wife, died Aug. 15, 1883, 
iE. 72. 

Anson WaJcelee Died Jan. 21, 1858. 

Abigail, wife of Anson Wakelee, 
Died June 22, 1819, aged 58 Years. 

IF. B. A.f JE. 29. 1847. 

Boswell Tj., son of Ansoii & Abigail 
Wakelee, died April 8. 1821, aged 5 
years & 4 months. 

In memory of 
Ezra Wakelee, who died Dec 15, 
1824, aged 33. 

Huntington Burying-place. 


In momory of 
Jeii%%ietj wife of Ezra Wakelee & 
daughter of Elam Wooster, who died 
Aug. 8, i8a3, aged 30 years. 

Mary Francis, daughter of W" & 
Selina Walcelee, died Nov. 2, 1841, 
aged 3 yrs. & 5 mo. 
Also two infant sons died Oct. I3, 1843. 
Tliese lovely buds so fresh & fair 

Called home by early doom, 
They came to show how fair a flower 
In paradise would bloom. 

Abner WeUs died May 27, 1857, iE. 

In memory of 
PhUena, wife of Abner Wells, who 
died June 28, 1834, aged 29 yrs. 

Our Estlier. 

Sleep on sweet babe and take thy rest 
God called thee home, he thought it best. 

In memory of 
Ahner ?rcW«, who died Dec. 15. 1833, 
in the 74 year of his age. 

In memory of 
Mrs. Rebekah Weils, Wife of Mr. 
Abner Wells, who died Jan, 25*'', 1802, 
in the 32'* year of her age. 

StUly, their daughter, died Jan^ IO^^ 
1802. in 2* year of her age. 

In memory of 
Abigail WeUs, wife of Abner Wells, 
who died M.iy i, 1827, AlU 65. [A Monument.] 

niUy WeUs Died Dec. 19. 1873, iE. 
86 yrs. 

Pamdia, his wife, Died May i, 1872, 
JE. 78 yrs. 

Frankliu WeUs Died April 2, 1856, 
M. 22 yrs. 

WiUiam W. WeUs Died Feb. 5. 
185 1, iE. 25 yrs. 

Catharine A., His Wife. Died July 
2, 1852, iE. 24 yrs. 

Jane Ann WeUs Died Dec. 4, 1826, 
iE. 4 yrs. 

Rebecca WeUs Died Feb. 14, 1827, 
iE. 3 yrs. 

In memory of 
Mr. Daniel Wells, who departed 
this Life Janx 27^*', 1791, in the 69 
year of his Age. 

David WeUs died March 15, 1875, 
iE. 43 yrs. I mo. & 15 days. 

In memory of 
Daviil WeUs, who died Feb. 14, 1834, 
in the 48 year of his age. 

Jatie WeUs died May 17, 1850, Aged 
34 years. 

In memory of 
Mr. Oideon WellSf who departed 
this life Oct. 19^, 1805, aged 86 years. 

Mrs. Eunice WeUs departed this 
life Jan. 18'*^, 1805 ; aged 86 years. 
Wife of Gideon Wells. 

Isaac died Dec. 17, 1838,* aged 5 mos. 

Edward B. died May 8, 1843, aged 
3 yrs. 
Children of Levi C. & Mary Wells. 

Mary, Wife of Capi. Curtiss Wells, 
Died May 11, 1868, JE, 57.* 

In memory of 
WiUiam W. WeUs, who died Feb. 
5, 185 1, in the 25 year of his age. 

Catharine A., wife of William W. 
Wells, Died July 2, 1852, In her 24 

Franlclin WeUs Died April 2, 1856, 

AL. 21 yrs. & 11 mo. 
The last of four children of Billy & Pamella 


In memory of 
Jane Ann, who died Dec. 4, 1826, 
aged 4 years & 3 months. Also 

Rebecca, daughters of Billy & Pame- 
lla Wells, who died Feb. 14, 1827, 
aged 3 yrs. 

Lovely were both till life subsided 
And were In death not long divided 
And yet it was hard to part 
A parent knows a parent's heart. 

Watch ft Pray. God is Love. 

Agar WJieeler died Feb. 18, 1858, 

j£. 53 yrs. & 25 Ds. 

Lord I have loved the habitation of thy house, 
and the place where thine honor dwelleth. Ps. 
36, 8 V. 

Frederick Agur, Son of Agur & 
Levina S. Wheeler, died Feb. 8, i860, 
JE, 25 years & i mo. 
** Be ye also ready, for In such an hour as ye 

think not, the Son of man cometh.*' 

Lavlnia Maria f daughter of Agur 
& Levina S. Wheeler, died Jan. 9, 
1856, AS.. 18 yrs. & 9 mo. 
** Her adorning was that of a meek and quiet 

Spirit, which is in the sight of God of great 


Steplien Alonzo, son of Agur & 
Levina S. Wheeler, died Sept. 14, 
1841, aged 1 yr. 10 mo. & 26 ds. 
Farewell dear babe we now must part, 
Althouf(h it rends thy parent's hesrt. 
Go take thy heavenly flight on high 
And dwell with Chrfst eternally. 

^ The grave at the left hand of Mary Wells, 
without a stone, is probably that of Capt. Cur- 
tiss Wells. 


. History of Stratford. 

Julia HenrieUa, daughter of Agar 
& Levina S. Wheeler, departed this 
life March 26, 1832, aged 5 months &. 

9 days. 

Oh hadst thou still on earth remained 
Vision of beauty, fair as brief, 
. How soon thy brightness had been stained. 
With pession or with grief. 

Now not a sully ins breath can rise 
To dim thy glory in the skies. 

In memory of 
Mr* CiUeb Wheeler, who departed 
this Life Jan. x-», 1778, In the 76*^ 
Year of his Age. Also 

Mrs. Eleanor, his Wife, departed 
this Life May 7*\ 1795, In the 9i»* 
Year of her Age. 

In memory of 
Mr. Caleb W/ieeler, who departed 
this life Sept.26*\ 1807, aged 29 years. 

In memory of 
Miss Abigail Wheeler, who died 
Dec. 26, 18 1 8, aged 37 years. 

Catharine Wlieeler Died May 24, 
1874, i£. 77 yrs. & 3 mos. 

In memory of 
Charles Wheeler, who died Oct. 2. 
1845, aged 49 yrs. 

riiebe M., Wife of Charles Wheeler, 
Died Oct. S, 1861, M. 56 yrs. 7 mo. & 
27 ds. 

Phehet daughter of Charles & Phebe 
M. Wheeler, died Oct. 26, 1838, aged 
6 years. 

Phehe M; Daughter of Charles & 
Phebe M. Wheeler, Died Nov. 28, 

1856, i£. 18 yrs. & 6 mo. 

iesus can make a dyinf^ bed, 
'eel soft as downy pillows are. 
While on his breast I lean my head. 
And breath my life out sweetly there. 

Daniel IFheeler Died Nov. 2, 1865, 

jE. 77. 
Mary, Wife of Daniel Wheeler, died 

Nov. 1, 1851, in the 62* yr. of her age. 

Bef\Ja7nin, their Infant, died Aug. 
31, 1834, aged 3 weeks. 

In memory of 
David Wheeler, who died Oct. 4, 
1767, aged 50 years. 

Deity, his wife, died Nov. 2, 1802, aged 
72 years. 

Here lyes Buried y* Body of 
Mrs. Abigail Wheler, wife of Mr. 
David Wheler (& daughter of Joseph 
Blackleach Esqr. & Mrs. Ann His 
Wife) Who Departed this life Febru- 
ary 3<* Anno Domni 1750, in y* 27"" 
Year of Her Age. 

Here lyes y* Bodyof 
Joseph BlaaeleiMeh Wheler, 

of Mr. David & Mrs. Abigail Wheler. 
Who Died Fcb'T y* ^S** i75o-i. Aged 

16 Days. 

In memory of 
Capt. David B. Wheeler, who 
died Mar. 13, 1847, aged 80. 

Aner, wife of David R Wheeler. Died 
March 21. 1863, Aged 94. 

Aurelia, Daughter of David B. k 
Aner Wheeler, died Aug. 10, 1853, 

-«. 55. 
Urane, daughter of Capt. David B. k 
Mrs. Aner Wheeler, died May 5*^, 
1806, aged 3 years & 8 months. 

Edgar B. Wheeler Died April 2. 
1859, iE. 31. 

Live to the flory of God. 

Eliza Wheeler died Aug. 2. 1862, 
iE. 56. 

Amelia Wheeler died May 14, 1861, 

i£. 48 yrs. 

Eli Wheeler died March 24, 1857, 
i£. 65 yrs. 4 mo. & 15 ds. 

Here lyes Buried the Body of 
3fr. Elinha Wheeler, Who De- 
parted this life May 12^, 1763. Aged 
34 Years 2 months & 27 Das. 

Ezra C. Wheeler Died Apr. 25, 1855. 
aged 77 years. 

'* Our Fathers- Where are they ?" 

Anna, wife of Ezra C. Wheeler, Died 
Jan. 20, 1862, M. 74 yrs. 
In hope of meeting her again in heaven 
So shall we be ever with the Lord. 

In memory of 

Marvin Wheeler, son of Ezra C. & 
Anna Wheeler, who died Nov. 19, 
1840, aged 21 ys. 2 mo. & 15 ds. 
He remeoibered his Creator in the days of liis 


^In memory of 
Nelson Wlieeler, son of Ezra C. & 

Anna Wheeler who died Jan. 19. 

1842, aged 8 years & 10 mos. 

Smitten friends are angels sent on errands 
full of love. For us they languish & for us 
they die. 

In memory of 
Emily, daughter of Ezra C. & Anna 
Wheeler, who died Dec. 9, 1844. aged 

17 yrs. 

Peace, 'tis the Lord Jehovah's hand 
That blasts out ioya in death, 
Then mars the form so dear to us 
And gathers back the breath. 

In memory of 
Josei>h Iflieeler who died Nov. 19, 
1823, in the 42 year of his age. 

Huntington Burying-place. 


In memory of 
Nv. John Wfieeler who departed 
this Ufo April 4^, 1808, in the 57^ 
year of his age. 

In memory of 
Mrs. Issitbella IFFieeler, relict of 
Mr. John Wheeler, died Sept. 19, 
181 7. aged 55 years. 

In memory of 
Joseph V^iedei* who died Feb. 9, 
1846, Aged 70 years. 

Sffcna, wife of Joseph Wheeler died 
Feb. 24, 1858, M. 78 years & 4 mos. 

In memory of 
Mary Ann, daughter of Joseph & 
Silena Wheeler who died Aug. 21, 
1843, Aged 34 years. 

Josiah Wheeler died Oct. 21, 1858, 
iE. 80 yrs. 

Polly Wlieeler died ^{arch 26, 1857, 
M. 76 yrs. 

MerceUtis, Son of Josiah & Polly 
Wheeler died Aug. 4, 1827, aged 9 

Lemuel Wheeler Died April 5, 
1859, M. 63 yrs. XI mo. & 4 Ds. 

Nancy, wife of Lemuel Wheeler, Died 
June 20, 1862, Aged 62 Years. 

Sarah Jaiuu died |une 11, 1844, 
AKcd 12 yrs. k 8 mo. ^ 21 ds. 

Ann Maria died Oct. 5, 1838, aged 

5 ys. I mo. & 25 dy. 
daughters of Marcus and Sarah Wheeler. 

In memory of 
Lemuel, Son of Mr. Moses J. Wheler 
'ur. & Mrs. Sarah Wheler, who died 
une 2**, 1790, in the ii*** Year of his 

In memory of 
Mr» Moses Wheeler, who died Jan, 
6, 179Q, aged 40 years. 

Life's ft debtor to the grave. 

In memory of 
Mrs. Sarfth Wilder, Wife of Mr. 
Moses Wheeler, who died April 30^ 
1808; aged 54. 

Oh ! iiow divine to tread the milky way, 
To the bright palace of Eternal Day. 

In memory of 
Sally B, Wlieeler, Daughter of 
Moses & Sarah Wheeler. She died 
April 2i*S 1804, aged 16 years. 
** Could not one sudice? 
Thy shaft flies Thrice." 

In memory of 
Itoswell Wlieeler, son of Moses & 
Sarah Wheeler. He died April ii^>> 
1808, in the 18*1* year of his age. 


Engraved in Marble is the Memory of 
Deacon Moses Wlieelerf who de- 
parted this Life May 11^, Z792jn the 
77^'» Year of his age. 
He was a Cordial Friend in Counsel, Judici- 
ous as a Christian, worthy of Imitation. In him 
was exemplified tne Character of a good Man. 

Dust formed us all, each breaths his Day • 
Then sinks into his native Clay. 

Here lies the Body of 
Mrs. Elizabeth WJieeler, yi\{e o( 
Deacon Moses Wheeler who departed 
this Life February 14, 1780, in the 74 
Year of her age. 

Natlianiel WFieeler died Dec. 12, 
1856, ^. 53. 

Rest dear husband rest In the tomb. 

The friends that now mourn thee will follow 

thee soon, 
And when the last trumpet shall waken the dead. 
Oh then may we meet thee where tears are not 


Anna, wife of Nathaniel Wheeler, 
Died Mar. 13, 1877, Aged 69 years. 

Silena Jane, daughter of Nathaniel 
& Emcline Wheeler, died May 27, 
1858, iE. 9 yrs. 

My kindred dear weep not for me 


>Viio called me to eternity. 

len in this 3rard my frrave you see, 
My time was short but olest fs He, 

Jane JE. Wheeler, wife of Nathaniel 
Wheeler died Aug. 21, 18471 iE. 31. 

JCllcn, Relict of Nathaniel Wheeler 
who died Aug. 20, 184 1, in the 89 
year of her age. 

In memory of 
riiilo C. Wlieeler who died April 
29. 1841, aged 28. 
Blessed are the dead who die In the Lord. 

In memory of 
Emily m^eler, wife of Philo C. 
Wheeler, who died of consumption 

Feb. 27. 1S37, aged 26. 
This lovely youth, so young, so fair 
Called home by early doom ; 
She came to show how sweet a flower. 
In Paradise would bloom. 

In memory of 
Capt, Silas W/ieeler, who died 
June 17, 1828. in the 75 year of his age. 

In memory of 

Buth JF7*€c/er, wife of Silas Wheeler 

who died April 15, 1845, iE. 88 yrs. 

In memory of 
Miss Annis Wlieeler, daughter of 
Capt. Silas & Mrs. Ruth Wheeler 
who died Aug. 8. 18 16, aged 2a years. 

In memory of 
James, Son of Silas & Ruth Wheeler, 
who died April 23*. 1790, in the 3^ 
Year of his age. 


History of Stratford. 

In memory of 
Turner Wiieeler who died Mar. ay, 

1B39. aged 31. 

See oner yon tomb a mourner weept 

And heaves the heartfelt tigh. 
In that cold tomb a husband sleeps 
Hid from each mortal eye. 

In memory of 
Lyman B. Wliitney who died Oct. 
3. 1828, in the 33 year of his age. 

Here lyes Buried the Body of 
Mr. JTosiah JFilcoxson Who De- 
parted this life July 24, 1758, in 3r* 
4Qf» year of His Age. 

In memory of 
Mrs, Mabei WUcocksanf wife of 
Mr, Tames Wilcockson, who departed 
this life December 29th A.D. 1788 in 
the 17^ year of her age. 

Our Parents. 
JjtUher Wood Died April 7, 1856, 
iE. 78 yrs. & 2 mo. 

Jjydia, His Wife, died Dec. 20, 1870, 
i£. 87 yrs. 2 mo. 16 ds. 

David Wooister died Jan, 15, 1836, 

iE. J9 yrs, 11 mo. 

His dealings were honorable and 
Just between man and man. 

In memory of 
JElatn Wooster who died Dec. i, 

1825, aged 61 years. 

In memory of 
Mrs. Allethea Wooster, wife of 
Mr. Elam Wooster. who died Jan. 12, 
1816, aged 47 years. 

In memory of 
Ephraim Wooster , who died Aug. 
37, 1838, in the 84 year of his age. 

In memory of 
Abigail Elizabeth Ann, wife of 
Ephraim Wooster, who departed this 
life April 29, 1831, in her 76 year. 

Adeline Wooster died June 26, 
1846, M. 49 yrs. 

Charles Edgar, Son of Edgar S. & 
Angeline B. Wooster, Died June 5, 
1863, iE. 3 yrs. 6 mos. & 23 ds. 
Jesus took him. 

In memory of 
tfohn Wooster who died Jan. 11, 

1826, aged 56. 

His mind was tranquil and serene. 
No terrors In his looks were seen ; 
His Saviour's smile dispelled the gloom. 
And smooth'd his passage to the tomb. 

Lieut. John Wooster died May 24, 
1797, in the 77 year of his age. 

Abigail Wooster, his relict, died 
Oct. 22, 1811, in the 82 year of her 

This stone is erected to the memory of 
Capt. Joseph Wooster who depart- 
ed this life Jan. 23, 1839 ; i£. 85. 

This stone is erected to the memory of 
Cluiritg Wooster, wife of Capt 

Joseph Wooster, who departed this 

life Sepi« 9. 1838, iE. 84. 

Lemuel Woosier Died Nov. 11, i8s9, 

Nancy Wooster Died June 21, 1858. 
iE. 71. 

Mary Elizabeth, daughter of 
Lemuel & Anna Wooster. died Oct 
9, 1823, iE. 3 years, 5 mo. & 10 da. 

Emily, Daughter of Lemuel & Anna 
Wooster, Died Mar. 20, 1854, iE. 23 
yrs. & 4 mos. 

In memory of 
NatJuin Wooster, who died Sepi« 
15, 1820, in his 64 year. 

Gentle reader for a moment stop 
Behind, behold my little siK>t 
What'er your present eartlily wealth 
Ere long you'll have no more yourself . 

JHantha, wife of Nathan Wooster, 
Died Oct. 9, 1846, in the 89*^ yr. of 
her age. 

Mr. Nathan Wooster died Dec. 8. 
18x1, in the 27 year of his age. 

rhilo M. Wooster died July 14. 
1849, iE. 62 years. 

Mrs. Sarah Wooster, wife of Mr. 

Philo M. Wooster, died March 30, 

18 1 9. aged 27 years. 

Here sleeps in death within this silent tomb 
SarsU— She's gone i left husband babe &. friends; 
Cut off in midst of usefulness and bloom 1 
The sudden call her willing soul attends. 

Euth Ann, widow of Philo M. 

Wooster, Died April 13. 1884, Aged 

90 yrs. & 4 mos. 
*'Her children shall rise up and call her blessed.** 

In memory of 

Eostvell Wooster, who died 3i»* 

July, 1824 ; aged 32 years. 

Pause reader pause, for here departed worth 
To sorrow sacred calls reflection forth. 
This Marble, and the willows solemn shade 
Are all that mark where Wooster's f orm is laid; 
His merit glows on memory Impressed, 
And finds a shrine in many a feeling breast. 

In memory of 
Betseg Yates who departed this life 
Oct. 8, 1804, aged 19 years & i month. 

Read and behold as you pass by. 
As you are now so once was I • 
And when you read the fate of me 
Think of the glass that runs for thee. 

Huntington White Hills Burying-place. 


Lower White IliUs Cemetery is located in Huntington at the nortli 
end, nearly, of the Lower White Hills. It was called, (or many years,, the Patter- 
son Burying Place, because a family of that name resided close by it. The land 
was given by Agur Judson, and his remains were the first burled In It. He and 
Daniel Shelton, a near neighbor, agreed to, and did each " sticic a stake on land that 
should be given for a burying place by the one who should die first." Mr. Judson 
died July 16, 1791, Mr. Shelton October 15, 1816, and upon the death of the former 
the ground was prepared and his remains were the first deposited in it. 

Mr. Macena Hubbell, still living, has been sexton of this yard about forty 
years, and hence has served at about half of the interments which have been made 
in the place. There are in it 151 stones with inscriptions ou them, and a number 
of other graves, some with and some without head stones. 

Betsey, Wife of Russell Bassett, Died 
Oct. 6, 1852, iE. 4$. 

Abner Beardslee Died July 18, 

1847, aged 77 years. 
• Here retts beneath this liallowed sod 
An honest man, the noblest work of God, 
Mourn not dear friends, he*s called away 
To SinK God's love in endless day. 
The warninfr voice to us should be 
Prepare for death and follow me ; 
So let us live when called to die, 
That we may meet him in the sky. 

Mr, Caleb Beardslee died June 17, 
18 13, aged 77 years. 

JIfi'jt. AMah BenrtMee, relict of 
Mr. Caleb Hcaidslou, died May 7, 
1815, aged 77 years. 

In memory of 
David Beardsicf/, who died Aug. 
32, 1828, aged 85 years. 

In memory of 
Anna BeardsieCf wife of David 
Beardslee, who died Nov. 15, 1820, 
aged 75. 

Silent we own Jehovahs name 
Wo kis^ the scouri^inf^ hand 
And leave our coiniorui & our life 
To thy supremo comuiand. 

In memory of 
CJiarleSf son of David & Anna 
Beardsley. who departed this life 
July 23, 1826, in the 41*^ year of his 


Death, 'tis a melancholy call. 

A certain judgement on us all ; 

Into its Icy arms it will fold, 

The gay, the great, the young, the old. 

In memory of 

Elizahcthf daughter of David & Anna 

Beardsley, who departed this life 

Dec. 6, 1822. 

Kehold ye young as you pass by 
As you are now so once was I 
As 1 am now you soon must be 
Prepare for death and follow me. 

In memory of 

David Beardsley, who died Nov. 
30, 1849, aged 70 years. 

In memory of 
Elizahcth Beardslee, who was born 
March 4, 1760, and died Jan. a6, 1831, 
in the 62 year of her age. 

In tnemoryof 
Nancy Beardsley ^ who died Oct. 
I, 1842, aged 68 years. 

David Birdseyef Born Apr. 3, 1783, 
Died Aug. 19, 1866. * 

llcJpecca, wife of David Birdseyo,' 
Born Sept. 14, 1782, Died Oct. 23, 

Sarah B., Infant daughter of D. & 
R. Birdsey, Died April ii, 1815. 

Capt. Joseph Birdsey died May 
26, 1817, aged 77 years. 

In memory of 

Mrs, Dinah Binlseye, wife of 

Capt. Joseph Hirdseye, wtio died 

Dec. 3. *8»5. SRcd 72. 

A Tear 1 Can Tears suffice ? 
But not for me. 

Joseph Birdseye Died Apr. 5, 1847, 
JE.. 42. 

Natlian O* Birdsey born Jan. 23. 
1774, died May 24, 1846, aged 72 yrs 
& 4 mo. 

In memory of 
Folly, wife of Nathan G. Birdsey, 
who died Aug. 4i 1823, Aged 46 years. 

In memory of 
Maru, daughter of Nathan G. & Polly 
Birdsey, who died Feb. 13, 1829, aged 
23 years. 


History of Stratford. 

Two children of Nathan G. & Nancy 

Birdseye : 
Lewis JDavis died Apt. 26, 1829, 
aged 2 yr., 8 mo. 

Sarah Ann died May ig, 1829, aged 
II months. 

Fhilo C. Birdseye Died Feb. 18, 
1874, Aged 61 years 3 mos. & 24 days. 

Sylvester P. Birdseye Died Sept. 
30, 1850, iE. 33. 

Charles E. Blackman Died June 

27, 1880. Aged 26 yrs. 

In memory of 
Bizra Blackman who died Oct. 26, 
1826, in (he 58 year of his ago. 

In memory of 
Rebecca, relict of Ezra Blackman, 
who died June 28, 1835, i£. 59 years. 

In memory of 
John S, Blackman who died Dec. 
8, 1842, Aged 25. 

In memory of 
Mr» WiUiant Blackman who de- 

parted this life June 6^, 1802, in the 
78^ year of his age. 

William Blackman Died Oct. 18, 
i866, M. 63 yrs. & 5 mo. 

Assenath Booth, wife of Lewis 
Booth, died July 30, 1858, M, 58. 

Caroline, wife of Lewis Booth, died 
Aug. 5, 1872, iE. 63. 

David H. Booth Died April 13, 

1849, ^. 77. 
Charity, wife of David Booth, died 

Oct. 28, 1851, M, 75. 

John Booth Died Jan. 29. 1853, JE, 

J^olly, wife of John Booth, Died Dec. 

28, 1852, i£. 48. 

Mary J., wife of William F. Chad- 
wicic, died Oct. 23. 1874, Aged 39. 
Blessed are the merciful for they shall be 

called the children of God. 

In memory of 
Isaac Buranil, who died Dec. 16, 
1825, JE. 81. 

In memory of 
Sarah, wife of Isaac Durand, who 
died April 27, 1827, jE. 80. 

Jane A» Thirand Died Sept. 17, 
1851, i£. 4 yrs, & 3 mo. 

Jane E., Daughter of Charles & 
Mary A. French, Died Apr. 25, 1872, 
JE, 32. 
Blessed are the dead that die la the Lord. 

Agur Htibbell Died Jan. 12, 1862, 
M, 77 yrs. 2 mo. & 8 ds. 

At for man his days are as graM. 

Anna Maria, wife of Hexekiah 
Hubbell. died Aug. 20, 1859, iE. 64 
years & 9 mo. 

Charles Hnbbell Died Aug. 31, 1878, 
Aged 61 yrs. 

In memory of 
Charles C Hubbell who died Tune 
17, 1848. aged 27 years and 8 months. 
My glass is run, my arave you see. 
Prepare for death and follow aae. 

Capt. Christoplier Htibbell Died 
Sept. 17. 1853, -^« 75 yrs. 8 mo. & 23 

Mrs. Ann HnbbeU, wife of Capt. 
Christopher Hubbell, died May 18, 
1 8 14, aged 33 years. 

In memory of 
Melissa, wife of Capt. Christopher 
Hubbell, who died Jan. 17. 1848, iE. 
56 yrs. 
This languishing head It at rest. 

It's tbuikinfif and aching are o er ; 
This quiet immovable breast, 
la halved by a ill lotion no more. 

JDavitl Hubbell Died April 7, 1852, 
/£., 89 yrs. 2 mo. & 25 Ds. 

In memory of 
Anna, wife of David Hubbell, who 
died June 5, 1827, in the 58 year of 
her age. 

David LetHtt, son of David and 
Anna Hubbell, was killed at the saw- 
mill Apr. 30. 1799, in (he 6 year of 
his age. 

Mai*y ui, Sftle, Daughter of David 
Hubbell, died Feb. 14, 1863, JE. 51 
yrs. & 10 mo. 
Dear children, too, your mother kind 
Must go and leave you here behind ; 
May fesus deign your souls to raise, 
To join and sing his lasting praise. 

Elijah Hnbbell Died Dec. 10, 1847, 
M, 75. 

Mary, wife of Elijah Hubbell, Died 
March 6, i860, M. 82 yrs. 7 mos. & 7 

Yes, faith shall triumph o*er the grave. 

And trample on the tomb • 

My Jesus, my Redeemer lives 

My God, my Saviour comes. 

From dreams on earth we move. 

And walce through death to endless life above. 

In memory of 
Elisha Hubbell, who died June 7, 
1828, aged 12 years. 

Kezia Hubbell, wife of Elisha Hub. 
bell, died Jan. 23, 1832, Aged 78. 

Huntington White Hills Burying-place. 


In memory of 
Mt». Hannah Huhbeil, Ute relict 

of Mr. John Hubbell. who departed 

this Life November the 2, 1797, aged 

78 Years. 

In memory of 
Henry Hnhhell who died Oct. 28, 

1838, aged 22 years 11 months & 21 

Isaac HtibheU Died Feb. 21, 1835, 

iE. 53. 

Sarah, wife of Isaac Hubbell, Died 
Aug. 19, 1872, Aged 91. 

James Huhbell Died Dec. 24, 1850, 
Aged 69. 

Mrs, Glora anah, wife of Mr. 
James Hubbell, died Jan. 13, 1815. in 
the 26 year of her age. 

3£rs» Elixa, wife of Mr. James Hub- 
bell, Died Mar. 16, 1879, Aged 78 

In memory of 

Jeremiah HubbeU, born Aug. 22, 
1791. died July 25, 1848, aged 56 
years 11 mo. 3 ds. 

Sophia, wife of Jeremiah Hubbell, 
Died Dec. 2. 1871, M. 81. 

In memory of 
John Hnbbell, who died Sept. 18, 
1822, in his 71 year. 

Sarah Hubbell died Nov. 4. 1841, 
M. 92. 

John T, Hubbell, only son of 
Abijah & Jane Hubbell, died in de- 
fence of his country at Hampton 
Hospital, Va.. Sept. 23, 1864, iE. 19. 
He was a member of Co. F. 1'* Conn. 
Artillery. C. V. 

Lewis Hnffbeil Died April 7, 1869, 
Aged 73 yrs. & 2 mos. 

In memory of 
Eliza, wife of Lewis Hubbell, who 
died Jan. 26, 1848, M. 42 yrs. & 4 mo. 
There is rest in Henven. 

A Child of Lewis & Eliza Hubbell, 
was born Dec. 17, 1825, J£.K. 4 weeks. 

These sshes say that we are all by nature equal 
Past virtue may shine but the sours alone Im- 

3Iarcus Hnfpbell, who died Oct. 14, 
1829, In the 23 year of his Age. 

In memory of 
3Iercy Hvhbell, wife of Agur Hub- 
bell, who died Aug. 21, 1840; aged 56 

Zears 11 months & 9 davs. 
et love immortal, undissembled love 
Still, still pursue her lo the realms above 
Where may we meet at this life's end 
And there unite with our departed friends. 

In memory of' 
Nahoth Hubbell, who died Jan. 9, 
1846, M. 67 years. 
Pass a few swiftly fleetlncr years. 
And all that now in bodies live, 
Shall quit like me this vale of tears. 

Their righteous sentence to receive. 
Rut all before they hence remove. 

May mansions for themselves prepare, 
In that eternal home above, 
And O, my God shall I be there. 

roUy, wife of Naboth Hubbell, died 
Sept. 28, 1854, iE. 74. 

In memory of 
Mrs. riiebe Hubbell, wife of Mr. 
Nathan Hubbell, who departed this 
life April 22'*, 1798, in the 28^ year of 
her age. 

JPhilo HubbeU Died June i. 1880, 
Aged 68 years. 

Shelton HnbbeU Died June 24, 1851, 
iE. 37 Yrs. & 6 mo. 

Here lyes v* Body of 
Mr. Timothy Hubfpell,* Departed 
this life Fcb'y y* ii"», i739/4», in y« 
20*'' year of his age. 
Whose Lovely Form here VVorms Consume 
His Parents Kreastsa Living Tomb 
The Sweet Image Safe Conuine 
Till the Same fetures Rise a^ain. 

In memory of 
3Ir. Timothy HuhbeU, who died 
Jan. 12. 1808, in the 68 year of his 

In memory of 
Abigail HtibbeU, widow of Timothy 
Hubbell. who died Aug. 31, 1830, 
aged 94 years. 

Two children of Capl. Gideon & Mrs. 

Mary Leavenworth ; 
Gideon Hull died Jan. i, 1805, iE. 9 

Sophia Amanda died Feb. 8, 18 16, 
iEt. 3 years and 8 months. 


Wells Hubbell Died Dec. 27, 1881, 
Aged 63 yrs. 

In memory of 
Ebcnczer Johnson, who died June 
29. 1837, aged 58. 

Hepsa, wife of Ebenezer Johnson, 
Died May 4. 1853, iE. 71. 

Charles, son of Ebenezer Johnson, 
who died Dec. 25, 1804, ^Et. 3 yrs. 

♦ This stone was removed to this yard from 
the old burying place about a quarter of a mile 
east of Huntington Centre Post Office. 


History of Stratford. 

Sarah Cfraee* wife of Edwin C. 
Johnson, Died Nov. 4, 1847, Aged 57. 
Deareit Sftnli thou hait Idt ut 

Here tliy loet we deeply fed 
But *Us God UiAt lieth bereft na 

He ceo all our lorrowt beet 
Yet •gtAn we bope to meet tbee, 

Wben tbe day of life bet fled ; 
Tben in Heeven wltb Joy to greet tbee 

Wbere no farewell tear la tned. 

Engraved in Marble is the Memory of 

Agwr JuilBonf ESaqr,, who after a 

short illness took leave of Life on the 

l6** of July, AD. 1791, in tbe 68** year 

of his age. 

BleMed are tbe Dead wbo die In tbe Lord. 

Caft. David JTudson died Jan. a, 

X019, aged 65 years. 
QriBB^ JudMn Died April 27, 1849, 

Aged 87. 

In memory of 

Isaae Judsan who died May 8, 1844, 

aged 63 years. 

Thou art cone from at dear father. 

Thy voice no more we bear ; 
Thou bait left oar kindred drcle 

A brighter home to cheer. 


AviSf wife of Isaac Judson, Died Dec. 
3, 1859, iE. 73. 

Their Son 
Afftir Died Jan. 8, 1881, JE, 64. 

CharUs 8. Died June 18, 1850. iE. 

Catharine E, Died Oct. 27, 1882. iE. 

Lftcindd A* Died Apr. 4, 1881, JE. 

5^ T r 

In memory of 

Orace, daughter of Isaac & Avis Jud- 
son, who died June 18, 1834, aged 18 


Farewell dear daughter, a abort farewell, 
With grief does our sad bosoms swell ; 
But a Dfighter day will soon arise 
'TIs then we'll meet tbee io the skies. 

In memory of 
WiUiam Dtf Son of Isaac & Avis 
Judson, who died Oct. 4i z833, aged 
3 years. 

Sacred to the memory of 
Miss Jennet Judson, daughter of 
Cap! David & Mrs. Grissel Judson, 
who died of consumption Jan. 9. 1818, 
aged 21. 

Our Father 
James Labarie Died June 16, z868, 
iE. 68 years. 

Our Mother 
Haxana, Wife of James Laborie, 
Died Dec. 22, 1880, iE. 72 Years & 5 

In memory of 
Buiah, wife of Jabez Lake, who died 
July ai, 1830, aged 55. 
Mother we shaU Bseet again 
Wbere no sorrow Is, norpata. 
Reoeath thto sod thine aahea Ue 
Thy spirit dwdls with God 00 high. 

In memory of 
Victoria, son of Jabez ft Bulah Lake, 
who died July ai, 1830, Aged 34. 
Hosbaod la thy gentle head 
Pillowed In thk narrow bed. 
These eyes once so fondly timed om me. 
In the dark grave no more I aee. 

fFaiker Lake Died Aug. xx, x8sx, 

SaUy B., wife of Walker Uke, Died 
Nov. 9, 1859, iE. 81. 

Holiness to the Lord 
Edtnund Leavenworth Died Jan. 
20, 1857, iE. 91. 

MrSm Amy Leavenworth, wife of 
Edmund Leavenworth, Esqr., Died 
April 30, 1849, JEx, 75. 

In memory of 
Mary, wife of Edmund Leavenworth, 
who died Dec. 8, 18 19, aged $5 years. 
This world, fsrewell, husband adtev 
My Children dear, farewell to you 
My friends, to you a long fiuewell, 
Ates my doom's a narrow cell. 

In memory of 
Bdfnund Leavenworth, «7r«, wbo 
was drowned June 13, 1823, aged li 
years 6 mos. ft 5 ds. 

Hepsey Leavenworth Died Jan. 

18, 1865, iE. 78 yrs. 

Capt. Oitleon Leaveti-worth died 
April 19, 1816, aged 64 years ft 6 mos. 

In memory of 
Mrs. Sarah Leavenworth Wife 
of Capt. Gideon Leavenworth, bom 
Feb'y 18*^ 1761, and died Oct*. 27** 
1798 in the 38*^ year of her age. 
Farewell bright soul, a short farewell. 
Till we shall meet again above. 
In the sweet croves where pleasares dwell 
And trees of life bear fruits of love. 

Sacred to the memory of 
Mary Ann, late wife of Capt. Gideon 

Leavenworth, who died Nov. 3, 1837, 

in the 70 year of her age. 

While living she possessed a bumble confi- 
dence in the Redeemer end exemplified her faith 
in him by a meek and Christian like deportment 
In all tbe relations of life. 

Theron J., son of W*. A. ft Gertrude 
M'Ewen Died July 25, 1884, iE. ayrs. 
2 mos. 

A little Bird 

A while given 
Removed above 
To bloom in Heaven. 

Huntington White Hills Burying-place. 



In memory of 
Janef wife of James Mills & dfiut. of 
Simon & Rebecca Patterson who died 

Jrg, 1837. i£. 24yrs. 
7hy then lament dep«rted friends 
Or shake st death's alarm ? 
Death, but the servant Jesus sends 
To adl us to hia arms. 

Hiichel M<ilfeil, Wile of Loomis 
Rowley Died Jan. 29, 1866. M, 62. 

Isaac ۥ Otibotnh Died June 17, 1852, 
iE. 72. 

Anna, Wife of Isaac C. Osborn Died 
Nov. 3. 1853, iE. 69. 

Samuel l^aiterson died April 15, 
1829, aged 82 years & 7 months. 

In memory of 

Hannah Patterson, wife of Sam- 
uel Patterson, who died Oct. 24, 1819, 
ngcd 71 years 7 mn. i^ 15 da. 
Ha vlnr obtaned s comfortable hope of blessed 


In memory of 
Hebecca J^fUterson, wife of Samuel 
Patterson who died March 8, 1827, 
aged 34 years. 

In memory of 
JEnicline E,, wife of Truman Percy 
who died Jan. 19, 1834, aged 22 yrs. 
& 8 months. 
Thouffh death has torn thee from my arms 

It fills me with no dread alarms, 
I hope to meet you on that shore, 
Wnere parting shall be no more. 

[A Monument.] 

YdveHon Perry Died June 30, 
1821, M, 83. 

Pettience TanUinson His wife died 
Sept. 1823, JE. 75. 

Buried in Southbury. 

In memory of 
Mosvs Piatt f who died Sept. 18, 18 19, 
in his 73 year. 

Hannah^ his wife died Sept. 11, 1816, 
In her 64*"* year. 

In memory of two daughters of Moses 

& Hannah Piatt. 
Betsey died Oct. 25, 1796 in her 18 

Met^eif died April 11, 18 11 aged 23. 

Ann Eliza, wife of W. H. Scott, and 
daughter of Lewis Hubbeil, died 
April 8, 1858, JE. 20 yrs. & 3 mo. 
Another hand Is beckoning us 

Another call Is given 
And glows once more with angel steps 

The path which reaches heaven 
Fold her, O Father in thine arms 

And let her henceforth be 
A messenger of love between 
Our human hearts and thee. 

Not Peter'^B pardon crave ; 

thief gained on the cross, 

In memory of 
Abigail, wife of William Shelton & 
daughter of Richard & Sally Hubbell 
who died Nov. 8, 1823, in her 2$ year. 
I seek not equal grace with Paul, 

Not Peter's — -*" 

But what the 
O that I pray to have. 

In memory of 
Mr. Daniel 8f melton who died Oct. 
15, 1816, in the 82 year of his age. 
In memory of 
Mary, wife of Daniel Shelton who 
died July 6, 1819. in her 80 vear. 
She was a kind & affectionate Mother. 

In memory of 
B.anson% Shelton who died Feb. 24, 
1828, in the 31*^ year of his age. 

In memory of 

Mr. ThatUlens Slielton who died 

March i8,i8i9,ln tho Ooyoar of his age. 

In memory of 

Clarke, Son of Thaddcus Shelton who 

died Dec. 11, 1804. i£. 3 yrs. 

In memory of 
Victory Slielton who died April io» 
A.D. 1817, i£. 44. 

How short the life of dying man. 

His days on earth are but a span ; 
legins his life, then hears his doom 
Cut down by death to fill the tomb. 

Nathan Sliepard Died Mar. 31, 

1858, M, 81. 

In memory of 
Nancy, wife of Nathan Shepard who 

died March 21, 1827, aged 45 years. 

In memory of 
SaUy Jennett, wife of Sheldon Tom- 
linson, who died Feb. 25, 1843, aged 
25 years. 
Nip'd by the wind's untimely bUst, 
Parched by the sun's directer ray, 
The momentary glories waste 
The sliort liven beauties die away. 

Lyman Waters Died Jan. 26, 1878, 

Aged 77 vrs. 6 luo. 
Laura, His Wife Died April 17, 1840, 

Aged 39 vrs. 
Maria, His Wife Died June 17, 1841, 

Aged 39 yrs. 
nuth A. His Wife Died Aug. 7, 1876, 
Aged 59 yrs. 

In memory of 
John Wheeler who died June 3, 1833 
aged 71 years. 

In memory of 
Nicholas WJieeler, son of John T. 
& Jane Wheeler who died July 5, 
1819, aged 25 years. 

Behold and see as you pass by 

As you are now so once was I 
As I am now soon you must be 
Prepare for death and follow me. 

996 History of Stratford. 

The Congregational Church of Huntington was 
organized with ninety-two mennbers from the Stratford 
church, February 12, 1724, and Mr, Jedidiah Mills was 
ordained pastor the same day. In connection with the call 
and settlement of Mr. Mills a vote was passed '' without 
contradiction of any person, to give Mr. Mills eighty pounds 
towards building his house, forty pounds of it in money and 
forty pounds of it in work, and in the beginning fifty pounds 
salary a year, and afterwards rising as God shall enable us 
and as Mr. Mills shall stand in need, and as this society shall 
think fit, and also one hundred acres of land already given by 
the town of Stratford." This was a more comfortable start 
than many of the ministers of that day received. 

The first meeting house was built about 1720, on Fanton 
Hill, about eighty rods northeast of the present one. The 
second house stood about twenty rods northeast of the pres- 
ent one, and the third — the present one — was erected in 1832, 

During the Rev. Mr. Punderson's ministry of twenty-six 
years here 214 persons were admitted to the church. 

Bev. Jedidiah MiUSf third son and child of Peter Mills, 
Jr., and Joanna (Porter) Mills, of Windsor, Conn., was born 
in Windsor, March [May] 23, 1697. Two of his younger 
brothers were graduated at Yale College in 1737 and 1738, 
respectively. During his college course he was of the Weth- 
ersfield secession of Yale, thus obtaining his education mainly 
from the Rev. Elisha Williams, and was graduated in 1722. 
He studied theology and showed such promise that he was 
called, December 2, 1723, to the vacant church in North 
Haven, Conn., but accepted, instead of this, an invitation to 
the new society, called Ripton, in Stratford. The church 
was gathered and he was ordained pastor February 12, 
1723-4, where he remained nearly fifty-two years, until his 
death, "greatly lamented, after a few minutes* illness,** Janu- 
ary 19, 1776, in the 79th year of his age, — a colleague-pastor, 
however, having been settled in October, 1773. 

He was a member of Fairfield East Association of min 
isters, and in accordance with the prevailing sentiment of 
that body favored the ** New Light** movement. He was in 
New Haven at Whitefield's first visit, October, 1740, and 

Huntington, 997 

Whitefield commemorates him in his Journal as "a dear man 
of God/* who " talked like one that was no novice in divine 
things." Like many of the ministers of the time he engaged 
in fitting young men for college and the ministry ; and thus 
David brainerd, after his expulsion from college, lived with 
Mr. Mills at Ripton until he was licensed to preach, March- 
July, 1742. 

" Rev. Jedidiah Mills" was a warm hearted divine, and 
entered fully into the spirit and preaching of Whitefield and 
Tenant. He co-operated with Bellamy and Edwards. In 
1742 he was a member of a voluntary association which met 
at Wethersfield to promote the awakening and salvation of 
souls. A copy of the doings of that meeting has been pre- 
served by the clerks of the church in Huntington." 

He married Abigail, probably, daughter of Robert Treat, 
Jr., of Milford, June 16, 1726, who died November 2, 1775, in 
her 72d year. Two of their sons were graduated at Yale: 
Jedidiah, in 1747, and Samuel, in 1765. His publications 
were : " A Vindication of Gospel-Truth and Refutation of 
some dangerous errors," etc., published in 1747; and "An 
Inquiry concerning the State of the Unregenerate under the 
Gospel," published in 1767.'* 

Hev. David Ely, D.D., was born at Lyme, July 7, 1749, 
and was graduated at Yale College in 1769. He was licensed 
to preach the gospel in October, 1771, and was ordained 
colleague pastor with the Rev. Jedidiah Mills on October 27, 
1773, in Huntington, and died February 16, 1816, in the 77th 
year of his age and the 43d of his ministry. During these 43 
years of his labors there were additions to the church by 
profession every year except six. 

The Rev. Thomas F. Davies, successor to Dr. Ely in the 
Huntington parish, gives some sketching of the Doctor, a 
portion of which is copied : 

'• Settled in the ministry just before the war of the Revo- 
lution, Dr. Ely participated in the anxieties and sacrifices of 
that momentous occasion. In the town and those adjoining 

'* Contributions to the Ecclesiastical History of Connecticut, 411. 
'**Dexter'8 Graduates of Yale College, 262. 

998 History of Stratford. 

there were many adherents to the British crown. By one of 
these a threat was made, that, when the rebellion was put 
down, the Doctor should be hung on an oak tree» standing 
on the public square, near the meeting house in which he 

" Dr. Ely was eminently a prudent man. It being re- 
ported in a time of political excitement that he had preached 
on political subjects in a neighboring parish, a visit was made 
to that place with the inquiry : ' Did Dr. Ely preach politics 
when here?' 'Yes.' 'What did he say?' ' Well, sir, if he 
did not preach politics he prayed politics.' ' What did he 
say?' 'Say? he said, though hand join in hand, the wicked 
shall not go unpunished.' 

'* As a counsellor of his brethren and as a member of 
Ecclesiastical Councils, he was highly appreciated through a 
wide extent of country. 

'' In the course of his ministry he prepared about a 
hundred pupils for Yale College. In 1778 he was chosen a 
member of the corporation of that College and remained such 
to the end of his life. In 1808 he received from the College 
the honorary degree of Doctor of Divinity. 

" The mind of Dr. Ely possessed peculiar characteristics. 
His heart was eminently warm and tender, his imagination 
active and vivid ; his intellect sound and vigorous, and em- 
ployed with its whole strength on the practical concerns of 
mankind. His temper was naturally ardent, but softened by 
Christianity into affection and tenderness. As a preacher he 
had a manner of his own, and his prayers were peculiar to 
himself, and in my own view, they were peculiarly excellent. 

**Dr. Ely married Hepsa, daughter of Elisha Mills, the 
granddaughter of his venerable predecessor. They had five 
children, three sons and two daughters, and all the sons were 
graduated at Yale College. Mrs. Ely died Sept. 29, 1803, 
aged 49 years."*' 

JBev. Thomas JPunderson'* was born in New Haven, 
Conn., December 28, 1783; a descendant of John Punderson, 
one of the original seven pillars of the First Church, then 

'^ Sprague's Annals, ii, 4. 

*' Extracts from a sketch prepared by the Rev. Nathaniel Hewit, D.D. 


Huntington. 999 

under the ministry of John Davenport; was graduated at 
Yale College, September, 1804; was licensed to preach the 
Gospel in 1806; spent a part of the summer of 1807 on a 
mission to the northwest portion of the State of New York; 
was ordained to the work of the ministry in the Second 
Congregational Church and Society in Pittsfield, Mass., 
October 26, 1809; married Betsey Day, of Catskill, N. Y., 
May 4, 1813; was dismissed February 26, 1817; was installed 
pastor of the church and society in Huntington, Conn., Nov- 
ember 18, 1818; was dismissed January i, 1844, and died 
August I, 1848, in the 65th year of his age and the 39th of 
his ministry, leaving a widow and four children — a son and 
three daughters. 

The character of Mr. Punderson is more easily appre- 
hended than described. He was a transparent man, 'an 
Israelite indeed.* His piety, integrity, benignity, humility, 
disinterestedness, cheerfulness, consistency — indeed all his 
qualities, as a man, a Christian, and a minister of the Gospel, 
were evident as the light. In his own house he was a 
pattern for imitation, and in the house of God he was a good 
minister. He was sound in the faith, and preached the 
distinguishing doctrines of grace with an unction which the 
love of the truth only can inspire. He was not ambitious, 
neither was he covetous nor envious. Patiently, meekly, 
earnestly, constantly, he sought the present peace and future 
salvation of all the souls committed to his care. He loved 
his work and loved his people. No one had aught to lay to 
his charge, nor was there one known who insinuated even 
that he was not an example to believers in every good word 
and work. Few ministers of the Gospel, if any, could with 
more propriety say, ' I am pure from the blood of all men.* 
His long, quiet, uneventful life was yet full of telling points, — 
full of gentle humor and silent force, — not tame, dull, monot- 
onous, at all. He belonged to a generation not inferior to 
the present, but very unlike, — a generation of ministers not 
adapted to the wants of our more bustling and aggressive 
age, but in their day and generation faithful and beloved, and 
whose praise was in all the churches of the land. 

Mrs. Punderson, his widow, having lost by death one 

f />» History mf Sirmifmrd^ 

^a^ter and aa oolj soo, and haTia^ SDrvircd her kosbuid 
t^e^rlj tweatj-eigiit jears, (Scd m Nev HaTca, April jo^ 
r^T^, and was boried in HanCmgtoo bj the side of her hosband 
and among; the frieads of her joath. Two danghters sarriTed 
htr^Mr% Emilj P. Ritchie, of Brooidjn, X. Y^ and Mrs. 
Francis G. Gilbert, of New HaTea. 

I . • »^" -K^^ - « 

/<er# I»ame Jje^mtm^ I>J[>^ soo of Nathaniel and Roth 
Lewis^ was bom in Riptoo parish, J^nuatrj 21, 1746. 
isuher was a Canner, a worthy man, and his mother 
gre^t energy of character* He was gradnated at Yale College 
in 1765, and studied tbeolc^j under the Rer. Samuel Buell. 
of East Hampton, h, I., and the Rev. Jedediah Mills, of 
Ripton, and was licensed to preach by the Fairfield East 
AMOciation, at Danburj, in March, 176&. He was ordained 
pastor at Wilton, Conn., October 26, 1768, the ordination 
Mrmon being preached by his pastor, Rev. Jedediah Mills; 
and in December of the same year he married Hannah, 
daughter of Matthew Beale, of New Preston, Conn. 

He served as chaplain in the Revolutionary army seven 
months in the year 1776, in the regiment of Col. Philip B. 

After laboring at Wilton nearly eighteen years he was 
dismissed in June, 1786, and on October 18, 1786, he was 
installed pastor at Greenwich, Conn. 

He received the degree of Doctor of Divinity from Yale 
College in 1792 ; was dismissed from his parish in Greenwich 
December i, 1818, and the same day his son was installed his 
ftuccc.HRor in the parish he then left. He died in Greenwich, 
Auffiist 27, 1840, aged 94 years.** 

/.I// 0/ the Ministers of the Congregational Church. 

Unv. jiYiiidlah Mills, 1734-1776. 
Uov. Dutilcl Kly, D.D., 1773-1816. 
Uov. riiomnH F. Diivies, 1817-1818. 
Kdv. 'riioiiini Pundcrson, 1818-1844. 
Unv. ('Iinrloi N. Seymour, 1844-1847. 
Kov. Kllnklm Phclpi, D.D., 1847-1849. 
Ucfv. Wlllinm H. Curtis, 1850-1858. 

Rev. John Blood, 1858-1862. 
Rev. William D. Morton, 1864-1869. 
Rev. Loring B. Marsh, 1869-1872. 
Rev. Allen Clark, 1873-1874. 

Rev. Lucius H. Iliggins, 1875 

Rev. Bel a N. Seymour, 1883. 

'* Sprague's Annals, i, 662. 

Huntington. lOOi 

8t. PauVs Episcopal Cliurch of Huntington, was 
formed a mission parish from Christ Church*of Stratford in 
April, 1749. Some eflfort was made to establish a mission 
here in 1722-3, but a house of worship was not built until 
about 1740. The Rev. Christopher Newton was the first 
pastor. He was ordained deacon July 25, 1755, and priest 
July 27, 1755, by Zachary Pearce, Bishop of Bangor, at the 
chapel of Spring Garden, Westminster, by order of Thomas, 
Lord Bishop of London. During his labors here he officiated 
some part of the time at Tashua, in Trumbull. The first 
records of Ripton parish are dated ** Easter Monday, April 
12, 1784." Rev. Mr. Newton died February 6, 1787, having 
served 32 years in the ministry. 

Rev. Abram Lynson Clark succeeded the Rev. Mr. New- 
ton in 1787, and resigned in 1792, when he removed to Provi- 
dence, R. I., and the Rev. Charles Seabury succeeded him 
for one year. The Rev. Calvin White served the parish for 
a time about 1789, and in 1800 the Rev. Ambrose Todd was 
settled as pastor and remained until his decease, July 25, 1809, 
in the 46Lh year of his age and 22d of his ministry. At his 
call his salary was fixed at one hundred pounds lawful money 
and forty loads of wood. He preached some of the time, also, 
at St. Peter's Church at New Stratford, now Monroe. 

The Rev. Menzies Rayner was settled pastor of this 
church in 1811, and continued until 1826. During the year 
181 1 a fund of $3,500 was raised " for the support of preaching 
in Ripton parish by Episcopal clergymen;" and in June of 
^thc same year the church was destroyed by fire, which fire 
resulted from shooting a dove that sat on some part of the 
edifice, but another church was built. 

Different clergymen occupied the pulpit at times from 
the close of Mr. Rayner's labors until 1864, when the Rev. 
Joseph Covell was called and remained nearly thirteen years. 
Since then the pulpit has been supplied occasionally by dif- 
ferent clergymen." 

^ Extracts from Fairfield County History, contributed by Mrs. J. P. Shelton. 

J002 History of Stratford, 

The baptist Church of Huntington was organized 
November 3, 1838, an'd the house of worship was erected in 
1839. ^^^ following have served as pastors: Revs. William 
A. Dennison, Alva Gregory, Judson G. Lyman, William B. 
Knapp, John Waterbury, F. N. Barlow, A, N, Benedict, 
Charles Nichols, Amos Benedict, C. W. Potter, J. G. Gahun, 
George F. Pay, Sumner Tatham, Addison Brainard, and F. 

Suntinffton, as a town, was incorporated in 1789, and 
was composed of the parishes of Ripton and New Stratford, 
but in 1823 New Stratford was made a town. From before 
the Revolution until after 1800 Huntington was a place 
of considerable enterprise and business. It is said that 
the store of Elisha Mills, who died in 1816, was the largest 
within many miles, and that people came from Norwalk 
and other places along the Sound, to trade with him. At 
the time of the Revolution and many years after, he was 
a very prominent man in the county and State. Mordecai 
Marks, who died in 1797, had a large store and a large 
trade, his two sons, Hezekiah and William, continuing it 
after their father's decease. When Leman Stone sat down 
at Derby Landing in 1790, Huntington began to have a 
rival and to lose trade; and when Leman Stone, after 
1800, pushed through the New Haven turnpike, the people 
pushed through to New Haven to trade. Mr. Stone thought 
New Haven would come to Derby — on the smooth turnpike 
— to trade, but the tide went the other way. Leman Stone 
was the great business general of the country about the year 
1800, his vessels sailing to almost every land; but the build- 
ing of the Derby and New Haven turnpike was the one mis- 
take of his life. 

Huntington was celebrated for its farmers, and for the 
men it sent out on the great seas, some of whom never 
returned to tell the story of their adventures, nor of the 
storms which swept the ocean of whatsoever was found in 
their track. 

The following list well designates some of the prosperous 
farmers in their day, who were sent to the General Assembly : 








1 791. 








































1 801. 
















1 80s. 





































Repnsentatives from 

Mr. Elisha Mills. 
Mr. Elijah Curtiss. 
Mr. Beach Tomllnson. 
Mr. Elisha Curtiss. 
Mr, Joseph L. Wooster. 
Mr. Eliphalet Curtiss. 
Mr. David Judson. 
Mr. Elihu Curtis. 
Mr. Elisha Mills. 
Mr. Elias Hawley. 
Mr. Elisha Mills. 
Mr. Ebenezer Beach. 
Mr. Joseph Birdsey. 
Mr. Stephen Babbitt. 
Mr. George Healy. 
Mr. Henry Curtiss. 
Mr. Othniel Deforest. 
Mr. Ebenezer Beach. 
Mr. Agur Judson. 
Mr. Ebenezer Beach. 
Mr. Agur Judson. 
Mr. Henry Curtis. 
Mr. Othniel DeForcst. 
Mr. LcGrand M. Lewis. 
Mr. Agur Judson. 
Mr. Elisha Bcardslcy. 
Mr. Agur Judson. 
Mr. L. M. Lewis. 
Mr. Agur Judson. 
Mr. Samuel Beardsley. 
Agur Judson. 
Elijah Curtiss. 
Samuel P. Mills. 
Legrand M. Lewis. 
Samuel Hawley. 
Timothy S. Wells. 
David Hawley. 
Abel French. 
Lemuel Judson. 
Ebenezer Beardsley. 
Othniel DeForcst. 
Philo Sherman. 
David Hawley. 
Andrew Leavenworth. 
Elisha S. Mills. 
Gideon Beardsley. 
Lemuel Judson. 
Ephraim Sherwood. 
John Curtis. 


Oct. 18x4. Elisha Mills, ad. 
May 1815. Lemuel Judsbn. 
Oct. 1815. Abel French. 
May 1816. David B. Newton. 
Oct. 1816. David Sherwood. 
May 1817. Clark Elliot. 
Oct. 1817. Eli L. Hawley. 
May 1818. Abner Hyde. 
Oct. 1818. Samuel Beardsley. 
May 1819. Nathan G. Birdseye. 

1820. David B. Newton. 

1821. Nathan G. Birdsey. 

1822. Samuel Beardsley. 

1823. Abner Hyde. 

1824. Lemuel Beardsley. 

1825. Christ'r N. Shelton. 

1826. Donald Judson. 

1827. Nathan G. Birdseye. 

1828. Hezekiah Marks. 

1829. Thad's Beardslee, Jr. 

1830. Hezekiah Marks. 

1831. Thaddeus Beardslee. 

1832. Edwin Shelton. 

1833. Sylvester Post. 

1834. Lewis Downs. 

1835. Thad. Beardsley, Jr. 

1836. Lucius Gilbert. 

1837. Wm. M. Hubbell. 

1838. Thaddeus Beardsley, Jr. 

1839. Elisha Shelton. 

1840. William L. Bennett. 

1841. Elisha Beardslee. 

1842. Ebenezer Wakelee. 

1843. Peter Beardslee. 

1844. William A. Judson. 

1845. Lemuel Beardslee. 

1846. Thomas Burlock. 

1847. Stephen Beardslee. 

1848. William A. Judson. 

1849. Elly Lewis. 

1850. William A. Judson. 

1851. Ebenezer Wakelee. 

1852. William L. Bennett. 

1853. Orville Booth. 
i8s4. William A. Judson. 

1855. Wells Hubbell. 

1856. John C. Buckingham. 

1857. David Lewis. 

1858. John M. Beardsley. 


History of Stratford. 


Eli N. Baldtrin. 


James Bylngton. 


Samuel P. Bnckinghmm. 


Smith Wheeler. 


Joseph E. Field. 


Erastus Bennett. 


J. L. Stielton. 


Sanford R Cocks. 


Cliris. N. Shelton. 


Gideon M. Wakelee. 


Ebenezer Wakelee. 


Horace Wheeler. 


Joel Beard. 


Charles Beard. 


Wm. L. Bennett. 


Horace Wheeler. 


Wm. Ln Bennett. 


Horace Wheeler.*^ 


Wm. L. Bennett. 


Selah G. Blakeman. 


Charles Judson. 


William Buckingham. 

Shett&n is a new and prosperous manufacturing village 
on the west side of the Housatonic opposite Birmingham, in 
the town of Huntington, and was named in honor of Mr. 
Edward N. Shelton, who was very prominent in starting and 
pushing on the manufacturing enterprises which have caused 
the village to be built. It is beautifully located, being on the 
site of the Pootatuck Indian village, as found when the English 
first came to the shores of Long Island Sound. Some of the 
manufactories are very large and produce an immense amount 
of goods. The great dam across the Housatonic river just 
above the village secures such an immense water power as 
will give opportunity for great enlargement of the place. 
The water company that owns the dam has recently donated 
lands and forest such as will eventually make a beautiful park, 
lying adjacent to the village of Shelton. Mr. D. W. Plumb, 
a citizen, has given $5,000 to commence improvements in this 

JPoat Masters at Huntington, Fairfield Countjr, Conu., with the date of 
their appointment 

Agar Clark, Oct. 3, 1800. 
Hall Beardslee, May 18, 1816. 
Menzie Rayner, June 30, 1823. 
Samuel P. Mills, May 5, 1827. 
Algernon S. Jones, April 4, 1833. 
Lucius Blackman, May 2$, 1841. 

Christopher N. Shelton, May 25, 1844. 
Shelton M. Brownson, Jan. 25, 1854. 
Zachariah L. Shelton, Jan. 30, 1856. 
Reuben W. Lindlay, Jan. 3, 1857. 
Joseph Tomlinson, Nov. 14, 1861. 
Sarah E. Tomlinson, April 24, 1865. 

William C. Wooster, March 29. 1844. 

This post office was discontinued Sept. 30, 1868, and re-established Oct. 13, 
1868, and the following appointments made thereafter : 

Sarah E. Tomlinson, Oct. 13, 1868. 
Nathan W. Blackman, Nov. 8, 1869. 

Frank W. Wooster, March 28, 1878. 

*' Successfully contested by Frederick G. Perry. 






RUMBULL was organized into a township 
Lby the Legislature, October, 1797, which gives 
I it the age of nearly ninety years. Previous 
to this the ecclesiastical societies had passed 
through a period of sixty-four years, during 
which they had in charge the religious and 
educational interests of the people. These 
societies were two: Unity, which existed 
fourteen years, and North Stratford, fifty, 
wherein great and many changes transpired, 
and the records of the churches and these 
societies furnish largely the reliable history 
of the people. 

The first inhabitants resident within the 
territory now called Trumbull, so far as has 
J been ascertained, was the family of Abraham 

Nichols, at Nichols' Farms, about or a little before 1690. 
There are intimations that after residing there, or perhaps 
only cultivating some land there, for a time they returned lo 
Stratford village to reside, or removed to Woodbury, return- 
ing after some years, for after 1700 the locality for many years 
was called " Old Farm," as though it was or had been deserted 
for a time. 

The town record says that in January, 1722-3, "Gideon 
and Ephraim Hawley agree to build a mill or mills together 
on the stream of Paquonnock river at the narrows by White 
plain." This was probably just in the rear of the present 
Trumbull church. About the same time the White Plain 
road was laid out as far west as " Pulpit Rock," so called at 
that time. 

"May, 1715. Upon the petiiioa of ihe northweM Tarms of Stratford, c«lled 
Nlcholi' Farms, praying for village piivilegei and (or a cominlltee lo view their 

Tt^'t c/vausjCDse rsc/srtsd is. our trne 23d t^ record of 
♦jvt 0-ftver»; 0>rrt for Occvicr. ifis, fa: 


«0i4»( 5( ^flMliT f ^-MtfL TorvY far vdloifs 

y/f OMT 1IM7 ri»4 ^'VM dM sxcac iiMir <tf 
* Mnf .% fStrft^ %mtm^ %0t»d as sud f>»tf ms b? : the ead of wUdi to be ikdr 
Vi^^iM*4r </vr<wrr 4«>v«tarf ; u«i f ;«« nad door iSansaid tkree b3cs aad ai Uf 
•v> 5^>>>#« f9fm% IH/aA, ^tA cWfc to be laadutx boaodur ; aad ikes frooi said 
^^^ »4 f>rt#l4 flb'S'^^of VUaA^ as taSd road rees. ikree ailcs aad a half, there 10 be 
it$tfAt^f ^mtAMj % a«^ U*/m said door ep Rockj Hill Road, as said road rans, 
Ur9i m,%l^i% siul a half, //r i a ike Mreei jofc above Joseph Sedf's hoase. there to be 
«^^Mr ^t*m9A%tj, irbkb it the fooihwcst boaods of said Tillage ; and iheo a liae 
UffH, if^ «<^/f«MM «</oibeafi corner boand to each of die aforesaid boundaries, 
tAf0f9iHinnHC *t five af'>reflaid tooibwest comer boaods, this line to be their soaih 
l/^/«*##>l«; sftd fr//m said sooibwest corner booods to James FairchUds, incloding- 
U»l^ f/vJ//# Ab«rw</od't farm, and from thence northwardly in Pautuck Path, as 
mM if»tU run9, Ut the iouih end of James Hobbel's farm, and from thence east- 
wiif4\y mIouh Whifs Plain Brook north of Ephraim Hawlej's farm to Poqaannuck 
UivHt, »h4 up mUJ river to the head of Stratford bounds northward, and this to be 
iUm\t w««t llri« ; and then from the aforesaid southeast bounds in Bare Swamp 
i'ltui), ^f^ titit «• ft;ilfl road runs, up to Samuel Braggs. and from thence a straight 
\\iitt \i, ihe Yiaif Mill River at the going over at Joshua's ground, excluding 
hm\iit»**i 'I'hoMipton, Jun', and Capt. Josiah Curtice and John Clark Jun', their 
fMrfn«, Mfid from the going over at Joshua's ground up to the head of the bounds 
of hUMiforil n pttrsllel line with Stratford west line, this to be their east line ; and 
ilm north lln» to be the dividing line between Stratford and Newtown; and the 
vIIIhh** h<) cullml by the name of Unity.'** 

Aiintlicr town record shows further progress of settle- 
iiKMil. Ill January, 1725-6, the town of Stratford did by vote 
jjiaiit to *• I)ca. James Seeley liberty to erect a corn mill and 
a lulliiif«; mill upon Jackson's river (so called) in his own land 
with librrty of the frame there." 

' (\»l. \<ti\, vi. 543. « Col. Rec, vl. 568. 

Trumbull. loog 

In Stratford town meeting December, 1739, a grant was 
made to " Mr. Nathan Curtiss and Judson Burton [who were 
then residents of Stratford village] of liberty to make a dam 
across and erect a saw mill over Unkaway Mill river, so 
called, being west of Tashua on their own land." That place 
is now known as Taylor's Mills. 

The application for society privileges having been made 
in May, 1725, although the grant of the Court was not 
obtained until the next October, the people of Unity desired 
these privileges to begin in May and thereby secure the tax 
which would otherwise be paid to Stratford, for the six 
months; but this the old society of Stratford would not 
allow, as seen by the following vote : 

"January 26, 1726. Voted that the collector of the min- 
istry rate should demand of our neighbors in Unity parish 
the arrears of their rate, especially for seven months in the 
year that they obtained liberty from the General Assembly 
in October to be a society of themselves, and if they refuse 
to pay that which is due from them for said seven months it 
be taken by distress.** To collect taxes by '* distress" meant 
to sell their property by sheriff sale according to law ; and 
this proceeding was the same as that in regard to Ripton when 
it was made a society ; the tax due the old society to the last 
dollar, until the court act took effect, was required to be paid, 
and was the same in regard to all societies and denominations, 
for it may be seen that this is just the same requirement 
which the old Stratford society made of the communicants of 
the Episcopal church at its organization, about which there 
has not ceased to be made public complaint until this day. 
This shows, not whether the exaction was right or wrong, 
but that it was an impartial one. 

No account of this parish from 1726 to 1730 has been seen 
or heard of, nor are there any records of the society of Unity, 
which existed for fourteen years under the Rev. Mr. Miner, 
as far as has been ascertained. Mr. Minor kept faithfully the 
church records during that time, which are of much value. 

The first meeting house was located at the southeast end 
of White plain, near the corner of White plains road and the 
highway that leads up to the village of Nichols' Farms. It 
was used only during Mr. Miner's ministry. 

loio History of Stratford. 

The great efforts the people made in those days to sustain 
churches and schools are seen somewhat in the following 
records : 

"General Court, October, 1737. Upon the Memorial of the parish of Unity, 
in the town of Stratford, shewing to this Assembly that they labour under great 
diflScuhies with respect to the support or upholding the gospel ministry amongst 
them, &c.. and praying this Assembly to contribute to the support or upholding 
of the gospel ministry now settled amongst them : This Assembly do grant unto 
the inhabitants of said parish their country rate or tax for the term of five years, 
to be improved for the support of the gospel ministry amongst them ; and that the 
constable of Stratford, annually chosen and appointed to gather the country rate, 
shall annually gather the same of the inhabitants of said parish, and the same pay 
o the committee of said parish for the end aforesaid, whose receipt shall be suffi- 
cient so far to discharge the said constable with the said Treasurer of this Colony.*** 

This amount seems to have enabled the parish to go for- 
ward with success. 

A church was organized first according to the following 
record, in the church book, made by the Rev. Richardson 
Miner : 

"November i8*\ 1730. There was a Church gathered 
and settled at Unity and the same day was ordained there 
the Rev* Mr. Richardson Miner by Presbytery; the Rev* 
Messrs. Joseph Webb of Fairfield, Samuel Cooke of Stratfield, 
Hezekiah Goold of Stratford and Jedidiah Mills of Ripton. 
Mr. Cooke preached, Mr. Webb made the first prayer, Mr. 
Cooke gave the charge, Mr. Goold gave the right hand. of 
fellowship, Mr. Mills made the last prayer." 

On November 18, 1731, the following persons subscribed 
to certain declarations of faith and covenant : 

"Richardson Miner, Abraham Nickolls, Joseph Niclcolls, Benjamin Beach, 
Daniel Niclcolls, Ephraim Booth, Daniel Brinsmade, Nathan Hawley, Zechariah 
Curtlss. Abraham Nickolls, Jr., David Calhoune, David Lake, David Beach, 
Josiah Beach, Daniel Beach, Stephen Mallary. 

*'At the same time were of the Communion in the aboves** Church at Unity 
not expressed above; those that follow: Elizabeth wife of Richardson Miner, 
Daniel Mitchel and his wife Mary; Sarah, wife of Abraham Nickolls, sen'; Sarah 
Lake, widow ; Mary, wife of Joseph Nickolls ; Hannah, wife of Daniel Nickolls; 
Sarah, wife of William Peet ; Jemima, wife of Benjamin Beach ; Mary, wife of 
Zachariah Curtiss ; Abigail, wife of Abraham Nickolls, Jr.; Mercy, wife of Daniel 
Brinsmade ; Hannah, wife of David Beach ; Patience, wife of Josiali Beach ; 
Esther, wife of Daniel Beach ; Silence, wife of Nathan Hawley ; Abigail, wife of 
David Lake ; Obedience, wife of Nathan Fairchild ; Ann, wife of David Booth ; 
Abigail, wife of Thomas Cranny ; and , wife of Richard Chapman. 

* Col. Rec, viii, 149. 

Trumbull. loii 

'*And since, from the Church at RIpton hath been admitted to our Commun- 
ion, Jemima, wife of John Sunderland. And from the East Church in Windsor, 
Amos Elmer/' 

Following the above record the list of admissions to the 
communion of the church is continued, giving names and 
dates as they were received. X^e last entry is: "June 19, 
1743- James Walker was rec* to the communion of this 
Church from the Church in Stratford. The same day Sarah, 
wife of Andrew Booth, was admitted.** The whole number 
admitted at the organization and during Mr. Miner's ministry 
was 104, 40 men and 64 women. 

" Rev. Richardson Miner accepted Episcopal views and 
was dismissed March 21, 1744, by the Council at the Conso- 
ciation. He went to England soon after for orders and there 

Rev* Richardson Miner y son of Elnathan and Rebecca 
Miner, was born November 25, 1704. He was graduated at 
Yale College in 1726, and married May 16, 1728, Elizabeth, 
daughter of Theophilus Munson and sister to his classmate, 
Daniel Munson, of New Haven. His daughter Henrietta 
was baptized in New Haven July 5, 1728, and his daughter 
Prudence was baptized in Stratford in November, 1729; and 
hence he probably studied theology at New Haven and Strat- 
ford, perhaps, while teaching school at these places, specially 
at the latter. He was ordained at Unity, November 18, 1730, 
where he continued as a successful minister of the gospel 
nearly fourteen years. ** His declaration in February, 1744, 
of his change of views and of his intention to take orders in 
the Church of England, led his parishoners to appeal to the 
Fairfield East Consociation, who declared on the 21st day of 
March that he was by his own act dismissed. 

The Episcopalians of Stamford and Greenwich joined in 
desiring Mr. Miner for their minister, and they accordingly 
helped to defray the expenses of sending him to England 'for 
orders, in June following. He was unfortunately taken by 
the French on his voyage, and after his release, while on his 
way from Port Louis, in France, to London, was stricken 

* See Trumbull's History, vol. ii. 531. 

IOI2 History of Stratford. 

with a fever and died at Salisbury, probably in the last part 
of the year 1744, in his 40th year/" 

Mr. Miner connected with the work of the ministry the 
profession of medicine and had a large and lucrative practice, 
his visits being made not only in Unity, but throughout the 
old townships of Stratford and Fairfield. To him the town 
of Stratford gave land, upon his settlement at Unity and 
afterwards, probably amounting to about the same as they 
gave to the Ripton minister — 100 acres — and yet with this, 
his salary* as a pastor, and income as a physician, it is said, it 
was difficult for him to keep square with the world as to 
money. Of this notice was taken, for "it was said of him 
that he was a high liver, and that he was quite particular as 
to his personal appearance.'" It is said that Eli Walker, one 
of his grandsons, who died in 1S79, aged 96 years, said Mr. 
Miner had calls to settle in other parishes but that he would 
not accept them because he could not afford to give up the 
income from his medical practice. 

He was the family physician of the Rev. Samuel Johnson, 
of Stratford, and thereby became familiar with the doctrines 
and usages of the Episcopal Church, to which he finally 
decided to conform. It is also represented that upon hearing 
of the death of Mr. Miner in England, Mr. Johnson said, " had 
he lived he would have been foremost among the candidates 
for consecration as the first Bishop of the Episcopal Church 
in America." It was thought by many at the time, and is 
still repeated, that Mr. Miner changed to the Episcopal 
Church in full view of the possibility of a Bishopric. 

After leaving the parish of Unity, March 21, 1744, Mr. 
Miner and his wife were entered upon the records of Christ 
Church at Stratford, as communicants, after which he offi- 
ciated at Stamford as lay reader until he embarked on his 
returnless voyage to England for Holy Orders. 

L(wg Hill Winter Parish, 

" May, 1740. Upon the memorial of John Edwards and others, of the parish 
of Stratfield in Fairfield county, representing that they cannot conveniently attend 

* Graduates of Yale, by F. B. Dexter, i, 330. 

* Annual of the Fairfield County Historical Society for 1882, p. 17. 



the public worship of God at their society meeting house in the winter and part 
of the spring season, and that their society school house (which the said parish 
oblige them to keep, maintain, and also to help support the school therein kept,) 
is so situated as that they can have no advantage thereby, and praying to be 
relieved in the premises : It is resolved and granted by this Assembly that the 
memorialists and their associates shall, and are hereby freed and exempted from 
paying anything to the support of the said parish school and school house, and 
that they may keep a school among themselves and have their share of the country 
money to support the school ; and shall [be] and are hereby freed and exempted 
from paying the ministerial charges of said society that shall and may arise in 
said society for the term of three months and an half yearly, for the term of five 
years from this time: that is, from the first day of December to the middle of 
March, yearly, during said five years ; and that the memorialists and their asso- 
ciates shall be all those that live in said parish east of the line dividing between 
the township of Stratford and the township of Fairfield, and north of a line drawn 
from the easternmost line of said parish to the said dividing line, leaving David 
Hubbell and John Edwards, Jr., on the north of said line amongst them, in case 
they improve an approved orthodox minister to carry on the public worship of 
God among them."^ 

This Long Hill winter society remained connected with 
Stratfield society during eight months and a half of each year 
for nearly seven years, but who preached for it during the 
winter months, or how they supplied themselves with preach- 
ing has not been ascertained, since no records of this society 
are known to exist. 

These two societies, Unity and Long Hill, continued 
separate until after the dismission of Mr. Miner. The Long 
Hill winter parish joined Unity parish on the west, and 
Stratfield parish on the south, and was located wholly within 
the town of Stratford, but had been until this time a part of 
the Stratfield society. 

In October, 1644, the parish of Unity and the winter 
parish of Long Hill petitioned the Assembly " to annex said 
winter parish to said Unity parish,"' and a committee of three 
men from New Haven was appointed to examine the circum- 
stances and report, which they did at that session, and the 
petition was granted in the following words, although strongly 
opposed by Stratfield society : 

*^ Resolved by this Assembly^ That said memorialists within the following lines 
and bounds, (vt«.) The ancient bounds of said Unity parish on the east, and on 
the north and south, so far as said Unity parish bounds extended west, thence at 

^ Col. Rec, viii, 300. * Col. Rec., ix, 50. 


IOI4 History of Stratford. 

the hoDM of JftinM Fftlrchlld. tx the tonthweit corner of laid Unity parfih, tbenee 
running westerly including the dwelling house nnd homestead of Mr. John 
Edwards, thence west until it intersects the dividend line between the towns of 
said Stratford and Fairfield, and from thence northward in said diTldend line to 
the north bounds of said Stratford, and from thence easterly in said north line 
until it meets with the said north line of said Unity parish, all which shall be one 
distinct ecclesiastical society, with the same powers and privileges as other eccle- 
siastical societies in this Colony are vested with, and shall be known and called 
by the name of N^rth Siraif9rd:'^ 

After two years' preparation for settling a minister and 
building a church, a candidate being found, he was ordained 
and a new church was organized. 

Mr. Miner's church record of births and baptisms was 
made unusually complete. He adopted the method of giving 
the dates of the birth as well as the baptism. This probably 
was a result of his being a physician, and frequently baptiz^ 
the child the same day, or a few days after, it was bom. 
This method of recording births as well as baptisms was 
followed by the Rev. James Beebe during his ministry of 
thirty-eight years, and therefore the record is of unusual 
value. Unfortunately, neither of these ministers kept a 
record of deaths, although that of marriages and church 
membership was carefully made. 

This church under Mr. Miner recognized the Halfway 
Covenant, for he made this record — page 80 — " Here follow 
an account of those that Renew their Baptismal Covenant 
but at the same time do not see it their Duty under their 
present circumstances to approach the Table of the Lord." 
But only one person is recorded as having availed himself of 
the privilege during the fourteen years of Mr. Miner's minis- 
try, namely: "Andrew Booth renewed covenant Aug* 6**, 
1738." This reveals the state of religion in the community 
when Mr. Miner left. There was a large attendance on pub- 
lic worship, but the membership was small. Of the 23 men 
who united as members under Mr. Miner, after the organiza^ 
tion, not more than 15 were married, or substantial support- 
ers of the church, and influential men of the community, the 
others were young, although some of them became Mr. 
Beebee's strongest supporters and helpers. When Mr. Miner 

* Col. Rec, ix, 64. 



lelt there were only about 75 members of the church and 
when it was "gathered anew," three years later, there were 
74, 36 men and 38 women ; therefore there were but few, if 
any, of the church members who followed Mr. Miner to the 
Episcopal Church. 

The reasons for gathering the church "anew" instead of 
continuing the old seem to have been these : the parishes of 
Long Hill and Unity had been united in one in 1744, under 
the new name North Stratford, and the new meeting house 
was located further west, and the church necessarily must 
conform its name to that of the new society, and amidst so 
many changes the easiest and more direct way was to consti- 
tute the church anew. The following is the record of the 
reorganization, made by Mr. Beebee, and the list of those 
who became members at that time : 

** May 6*^, A. D. 1747. There was a Church gathered and settled at North 
Stratford, and the same day was ordained there and took the pastoral charge of 
the Church, the Rev<^ Mr. James Beebee by Presbyters — the Rev^ Messrs. Hezekiah 
Goold of Stratford, Jedediah Mills of Ripton, John Grayham of Woodbury, John 
Bellamy of Woodbury North Purchase, David Judson of Newtown, Thomas 
Canfield of Rocksbury ; and Mr. Woodbridge of Amity was present and preached 
the sermon, from I Timothy 3, i, 'This is a true saying, if a man destre the office 
of a Bishop he desireth a good work.' Mr. Grayham was moderator, Mr. Goold 
made the first prayer, Mr. Mills gave the charge, Mr. Judson gave the right hand 
of fellowship, Mr. Bellamy made the last prayer, Mr. Cooke present but by sick- 
ness indisposed of business.'* 

Following this is recorded the articles of faith as adopted 
at that time, and to these twenty-four men assented as con- 
stituting the church, namely : 

"James Beebee. 
Thomas Edwards. 
Noah Plum. 
Daniel Brinsmade. 
David Booth. 
Israel Beach. 
Josiah Beach. 
Nathan Hawley. 

David Curtice. 
David Lake. 
Abiel Beers. 
Joseph Johnson. 
Amos Elmor. 
John Hinman. 
Nathan Nichols. 
John Wildman. 

Jonathan Curtice. 
Benjamin Burton. 
James Hubbell. 
Benjamin Phippeny. 
John Summers. 
John Middlebrook. 
Thomas Sanford. 
Andrew Hubbell, turned 

Then the articles were consented to by fifty men and 
women, who were received by the twenty-four to full com- 


History of Stratford. 

" Capt. William Peet and 

his wife. 
Thomas Peet and his wife. 
Abraham Nickolet. 
John Nichols and his wife. 
Noah Plumb's wife. 
Daniel Brinsmade's wife. 
Daniel Brinsmade. Jr. 
Benjamin Peet. 
David Booth's wife. 
Israel Beach's wife. 
Nathan Hawle/s wife. 
David Curtice's wife. 
David Lake's wife. 
Joseph Lake. 
John Henman's wife. 

Josiah Beach's wife. 
John French and his wife. 
Edward Lake's wife. 
James Peet's wife. 
Samuel Uffoot's wife. 
Wid. Esther Beach. 
Elnathan Beer's wife. 
Wid. Hannah Beach. 
Eunice Beach. 
Mabel Hawley. 
Esther Curtice. 
Ephraim Beach and his 

Beula Thompson. 
Benjamin Beach's wife. 
Amos Elmor's wife. 

Andrew Patterson's wife. 
Andrew Booth's wife. 
Benjamin Sherman's wife. 
Nathan Nickle's wife. 
Wid. Mary Nickles. 
John Black man's wife. 
James Walker. 
Peaie Nickles. 
Sarah Nickles. 
Widow Henman. 
Nathan Peet's wife. 
John Beer's wife. 
Thomas Sanford's wife. 
Joseph Burton's wife. 
Elnathan Hubbell's wife." 

Besides the above members, gathered in the organization 
of the church, 122 united during Mr. Beebee's ministry, mak- 
ing 196 in all. 

This church while under Mr. Beebee practiced the Half- 
way Covenant from 1747 until 1772, and in this form received 
under her " watch and care" 233 persons, many of them as 
good, substantial people, and practical Christians, probably, 
as any in full communion. 

The following lists of ministers who served in this church, 
and of meeting houses and deacons, are taken from the man- 
ual of this church, published in 1869. 

*^ JRev. James Jieehee, who was ordained here May 6, 
1747, and after a ministry of over thirty-eight years as pastor, 
died here September 8, 1785. 

^^JRev. Izrahiah Wetmore after preaching here from 
August, 1782, was installed Oct. 13, 1785, and died here Aug. 
3, 1798, but was buried in Stratford. 

^^Jiev.tfohn Giles was installed May 10, 1802, and was 
dismissed September 21, 1802. 

^^ JRev* JDaniel C. Banks was ordained Aug. 12, 1807, 
and was dismissed February 2, 1813. 

^^ JRev. Jteuhen Taylor was installed Sept. 18, 1817, and 
was dismissed February 12, 1824. 

^^Jtev. James Kant was ordained Nov. 9, 1825, and was 
dismissed November 11, 1835, and died here Sept. 10, 1840. 

^^ Rev. Watnor Wai*ren was stated preacher from June, 
1838, to June, 1839. 

Trumbull. loij 


^^Bev. WHUam T* Bacon \9?c& ordained Dec. 28, 1842, 
and was dismissed May 28, 1844. 

**Jtev. John 8. WJiUUeaey was ordained Oct. 2, 1844, 
and was dismissed Nov. 20, 1849. 

*^ Bev. David M. JElwood was ordained Feb. 20, 1850, 
and was dismissed June 11, 1853. 

" Bev. William T. Ba^con was stated preacher from 
Sept. I, 1853, to Sept. I, 1854. 

^* Bev. Balph Smith was stated preacher from Dec. i, 
1854, to Dec. I, 1855. 

^^Bev. Stephen A. Loper was stated preacher from 
June I, 1856, to June i, 1858. 

^* Bev. Benjamin SwaUow was stated preacher from 
Dec. I, 1858, to April i, 1861. 

^^Bev. Louis E. Charpiot was stated preacher from 
Jan. I, 1862, to May 8, 1864. 

*' Bev. Nathan T. Merwin, after supplying the pulpit 
six months, was ordained June 6, 1865, and still continues the 
successful pastor of the church." 

The Afeeting Houses of Unity, North Stratford and TrumhulL 

"The first house of public worship was erected a short distance east of the 
present [1869] dwelling of Mr. John M. Booth, and south of the old burying 
ground, and was occupied only during the ministry of Mr. Miner. 

"The second house of public worship was erected and dedicated at, or near 
the beginning of the ministry of Mr. Beebee, on the site occupied by the present 

"The present house of public worship was dedicated September 20, 1842." 

Deacons of the North Stratford and Trumbull Church, 

Tliomas I^eety appointed 1731, reappointed in 1747* died in 1760. 

Thomas Edwards^ " 1747, 

EphraUn Booths " 1757. " 1796. 

Abraha'in Brinsmade^ ** 1760 " 1801. 

Zacluiriah Coe, " 1805. 

Benjamin Burton, resigned in 1809, " 1811. 

Judson CurtiSy " 1821 •• 1826. 

<S^/ienBearcl«lei/^ appointed 1 809 " 1821 " 1849. 

Eben Beachf " 1821, dis. by Ietteri82i, " 1852. 

Ephraim JFellsBeacii," 1821, 

JPhilo NichoUt " 1821 resigned in 1826-7 " 1844. 

jili BHnsmade, " 1826-7,.- " 1848 

OrviUeHaUBeardsiey,*' 1848, " 1851. 

Andrew Beach Nichols, " 1851 

Eiifal^ Be€ich, *' 1869 

ioi8 History of Stratford. 


In the history of this church nothing remarkably unusual 
is recorded except what is revealed in the following record, 
in which it held strongly to the Congregational rather than 
the Presbyterian order of church government. 

"At a Church meeting held in North Stratford at the 
house of the pastor of said church November i8, 1772, the 
meeting being opened by prayer, the letter from the church 
of Bethel in Danbury was read, requesting the church of 
Northstratford by their Elder and messenger to join an 
Ecclesiastical council at Bethel to judge and determin, &c., 
in a case ecclesiastical then depending, and after a deliberate 
consideration of the matter the question was put whether we 
as a church of Christ would join a Consociation in this Claim 
of a juridical right to judge and determine, &c. Voted 
Nemine contradicente by this church that we are all willing 
to consociate for advice and counsel in all matters ecclesias- 
tical, but cannot and will not join in that abitrary claim of 
Juridical Authority in Consociations to Judge and Determine 
in all matters ecclesiastical compelling all parties to abide by 
the judgment of such a Juridical Consociation ; and then 
Voted 2ly that with these written instructions this church 
would appear (with the Leave of Providence) by their Elder 
and messenger at Bithel on the day appointed by their circu- 
lar letter; and 3ly this church unanimously made choice of 
James Walker Esqr. as their representative at said consocia- 

Unity Burying-place. 


Unity Burying-Place. 

This Burying-place U located in the town of Trumbull, at the southeast end 
of White plain, a few rods north of the site of the first meeting house built in the 
parish of Unity. The Unity parish was organized November 18, 1730, and the 
next year the remains of Samuel Bennitt were buried in this ground. 

In memory of 
3Ir, Abel Beach, who died Nov. 8, 
1800, In the 57 year of his age. 
Reader, behold as you pass by, 

As you are now so once wss I, 
As 1 am now so you must be 
Prepare for death and follow me. 

Here lyes y* Body of 
Sergt. Benjamin Beach, Died 
Nov. II, 1736, in y* 55*** year of his 

Here Ives Buried y* Body of 
Mr» Daniel Beac/i, who departed 
this life Feb. iq"* 1745-6. Aged 44 
years & i m. 

Here lyes y* Body of 
Esther Beach, daughter of Mr. Dan- 
iel & Mrs. Esther Beach, died Feb^. 
22, 1745-6. i£. 6 mo. 

Here lyes y* Body of 
Bnth Beach f daughter of Mr. Daniel 
k Mrs. Esther Beach died Dec. 15, 
I745i Aged 6 months. 

Here lyes y* Body of 
Daniel Beach, Son of Mr. Daniel & 
Mrs. Esther Beach who died May 3^ 
1746, Aged 10 Years & 2 Months. 

Here lyes Buried y* Body of 
Mr. David Be€i^i, who died April 
21. Anno Domni 1735, in y" 43 year of 
His Age. 

In memory of 
Mrs, Hannah BeacJi, wife of Mr. 
David Beach Dece*<*, Who departed 
this life Feb'y. y* iq, 1772 in y" 77*** 
year of Her Age. 

Mr . Ephrai'in Beach died June 18, 
1789, in the 72 year of his age. 

Cotnfort Beach, his wife, died Sept. 
8, 1790, in the 77 Year of her age. 

Here lyes Buried y* Body of 
lAeiit* Joslah Beach, who died 
April y* 17, A.D. 1759, in y* t^^ year 
of his Age. 

Mrs» JPatlence, wife of Tosiah Beach 
who died August y* 25**» A.D. 1749, 
Aged 48 years. 

Sarafi y* Daughter of Lt. Josiah & 
Mrs. Patience Beach, died March y* 
26**, 1750, in y* 22* year of her ago. 

Mr. Sanitiel Beach 1762. [This is 
on a footstone, the head stone not 
being found.] 

Here lyes y* Body of 
Mrs, Sarah Beach, Wife to Mr. 
Samuel Beach, Who departed this Life 
Juney* 9, 1763, in y* 41 Year of Her 

This Monument was erected by the 
Church & Society of North Stratford 
out of respect to the memory of the 

llev, Jatnes Beebee A.M, who de- 
parted this life Sept. 8, 1785, in the 

68^*^ year of his age. 

He was ordained to the work of the ministry 
over said Church & Society May 6, 1747, And 
continued therein a faithrul pastor 38 years. 

In memory of 
Both Beebee relict of Rev^^. James 
Beebee who died January 29, 1818, 
Aged 94 years. 

Here lies y* Body of 
Elizabeth Beebee daughter of the 
Rev. Mr. Tames Beebee & Mrs. Ruth 
his wife died Dec'. 20, A.D. 1754, aged 
4 years & 9 mos, 

Here 15'es y' Body of 
Samuel Bennitt, Desesed 21 of June 
Yr. 1731. A. 7 y. 

Our Father 
Charles E. Booth Died Sept. 12, 
1876 Aged 74 Y'rs. 

Our Mother 

Sophia wife of Charles E. Booth Died 

Nov. 5, 1864 Aged 53 Y'rs. 
"Watch for you know not what hour your 
Lprd doth come.*' 

The Grave of 

Caroliiie Bootli wife of Charles E. 

Booth & daughter of Robert & Sally 

Mallett, who died Sept. 4> 183^ ^ed 

31 y'rs. 

The saint the daughter and the wife 
Shone brightly In thy Christian life 
We will not weep upon the sod 
That hides thy dust Thou art with God. 

Here lyes Buried the Body of 
Mr, David Booth, who departed 
this life June y« 21. 1773. in y* 74*** 
year of his age. 


History of Stratford, 

In memory of 
Mm. Ann Bocth, wife of Mr. Darid 
Booth, who departed this life Nor. 
19^ 1793, in the 91*' jrear of her age. 

In memory of 
JDavid Booih, who died April 21, 
1843, aged 82 jrears. 

In memory of 
Sarah Booih, wife of David Booth, 
who died Oct. 10, 1819, aged 60 years, 
(daut' of Parson Beebee!) 

In memory of 
Mr. JDavid Booih, who departed 
this life Sepr. 14^ 1824. aged 91 ji%. 

In memory of 
rrudenee Booiii, Wife of Mr. David 
Booth, who departed this life Decemb*. 
21, 1782, in the 60^ year of her age. 

In memory of 
Mrs. Bebeeea Booth, Wife of Mr. 
David Esooth who died Oct. 22, 181 1, 
in the 74 year of her age. 

BeUey Ann, daughter of David & 
Betsey Booth died Oct. 2, 1841, aged 

8 years. 

Their infant twins ; 
Oeorge, died April 18. 1830. aged 18 

Oeorgianna died April 26, 1830, 
aged 26 days. . 

Moura oot for me my mother dear, 
I am not dead bul tleepin^f here ; 
Look in this erave you see. 
Prepare for death and follow me. 

David C. Booth died Oct. 6, 1827, 
JE, 35 Yrs. 

Elizabeth, His Wife Died April 8, 
1870, i£. 75 Yrs. 

Isaac Booth died June 23, 185 1, JE. 


Sarah, wife of Isaac Booth died Aug. 
6, 1841, M. 76. 

Ann Augusta Daughter of John & 
Mary Booth Died Jan. 29. 1876 Aged 
27 Years. 

Gone home to heaven. 

In memory of 
B*falia, daughter of Isaac & Sarah 
Booth, who died Sept. 5, 1823, ^Et. 17 
yrs. 4 mo. & 20 ds. 

Sleep quiet here my child. 
Death can't us long divide ; 
A few more rolling suns. 
Will lay me by your side. 

Cliarles, Son of Mr. Isaac & Mrs. 
Sarah Booth died Sept. 21, 1798, aged 

9 years & 7 months & 7 days. 
Lewis Booth Died May 10, 1839 i£. 

47 yrs. 

Eieeia, His Wife, died April S3, 1846, 
i£. 56 yrs. 

Lucius O. Booth Died Oct. 13, 1851, 


^Sven to Father, for to k Mirth good Is 

thy sichL** 

MarshaU P. Booih Died Sepc 24, 
1850. iE. 30 Y. R. S. 

At for man kis days are as graoa. 

In memory of 
JPhilo Booth, who died July 31, 1819^ 
aged 61 years. 

In memory of 

Bhilo Booih Jr. who died Sept. 90^ 

1833, iE. 45 y*r«- 

Behold dear reader as you pas by« 
As Tou are now. so ooce, was I 
As 1 am DOW 10 yon must be 
Prepare yoorKlvea A follow Me. 

Anna, wife of Philo Booth died March 

18, 1858. JE. 76. 

The Lord is righteona ia all kis ways and holy 
in ail hts works. 

P. Threat Booth died Jan. 6, i860. 

M. 42. 

In the midst of life we are In death. 

Ifaitr Jane, Wife of William Brad- 
ley Died May 8. 1875, aged 42 yrs. 

Emma A. Daughter of J. W. & M. J. 

Bradleydied Sept.i6,i869,agedi63rrs. 
Asleep in Jesus, Oh ! how sweet. 
To be for such a sluml>er meet. 

In memory of 
Mr. Wittiam BurriU who died 
Dec. 14^ 1802, aged 76 years. 

In memory of 
Mrs. Mary BurtHU Wife of Mr. 
William Burritt. who died Oct. 18^, 
1799, aged 60 years, wanting todays. 

In memory of 
Beac^ Abraham- Brifismade. 

who died Nov* 17** 1801. in the 75** 
year of bis age. 

Mrs. Mary Brinsmade, Relict of 
Abr" Brinsmade Esq. died Jany. 13**, 
181 1, aged 87 years. 

Here lyes y* Body of 
lAetU, Daniel Brinsmade who 

died March y* 27*^, A.D. 1757, in y* 
70*^ Year of his Age. 

Behold A see you that pass by 

As you are now so once was I 
As I am now so you shall be 
Therefore prepare A follow me. 

Here lyes y* Body of 

Mrs. Mercy Brinsmade, wife to 

Mr. Daniel Brinsmade, died April y* 

t5. t73if in y* 35^ y«ar of her age. 

In memory of 

Daniel BrinsnuidCf Esq. who died 

Apr. 29^ 1 804, in the 52' year of his age. 

Unity Burying'Place, 


In memory of 
Marj/m Relict of Daniel Brinsmade, 
who died Nov. 3o, 1845, aged 91 years. 

In memory of 
jyaniel BHnstnade, son of Daniel 
Brinsmade, Esq. and Mrs. Mary his 
Wife, who died April 9^ 1801, in ihe 
19*^ year of his age. 

Here lies interr*'* the Body of 
Mr, ZacJuiriah Curtis who Dece*** 
Feb' y* 18, 1746, in y* 49 year of his age. 
Here lies Interred the Body of 
Mrs* Mary Curtiss who died Jan- 
uary y* 3* 1745. aged 43 Years. 
In memory of 
Mrs, IHana I>as7cam, wife to Mr. 
Robert Daslcam, who died Feb' 10, 
1800, in the 64 Year of her age. 


Qewgo Dyer M*l}, Died May 8. 

1878 /£,, 75 yrs. 

I miss Ihee. 
Jjticinda Jj, Vf/er, Wife of George 
Dyer M.D. and daughter of Philo and 
Anna Booth. 

Zcic/mria /iX>uncoiii^^departcd this 

Friend after friend dcfnirts 
Who hath not lost a friend 
There is no union here of hearts 
That finds not here nn end 
Were this frnil world our final rest 
Living or dying none were blest. 

J'oJifl* Son of Z. & Hannah Duncomb, 
Died Aug. 24. 1853, JE, 27. 
Gone but not lost. 

C7if tries f Son of Z. & H. Duncomb 
Died 27*'* Feb. 1849, in his 26"' year. 
Luke XU. XL. 

Here lyes y* Body of 
Mrs. Abagail E€lw(trds, wife to 
Mr. William Edwards, who died in 
Nov. 1747, in y*54**' Year of her age. 

In memory of 
IliUdah Edwards f Daughter of Mr. 
John & Mrs. Huldah Edwards, who 
departed this Life Feb'x 24*** 1793, 
Aged 17 years & 3 months. 

In memory of 
EMah Nichi>fs EdwtirdSf son of 

Mr. John & Mrs. Huldah Edwards, 
who departed this life Nov*" i2*'» 1773, 
i£. 14 yrs. 

In memory of 
fTohn EdwanlSf Son of Mr. John & 
Mrs. Huldah Edwards who departed 
this life October 25, 1773, i£. 2 yrs. 

P. JP. [Probably a Falrchiid.] 

S. F. [Probably a Fairchild.] 

I. [or J.] F. [Probably a Fairchild.] 

Here lyes the Body of 
Mr. AbraliantHawleyfVfho Died 
April y* 10 A.D, 1743. in y2^^ Year 
of His Age. 

Here lyes Buried the Body of 
Mr. Ebenezer Hawley, Merchant 
of North Stratford, who departed this 
life Decem*" 2*, 1767, in y* 30^ Year 
of His Age. 

Samuel Hawley died Dec. 17, 1762. 

FliebCf widow of Capt. Samuel Haw- 
ley, died May 27, 1871, iE. 89 yrs. 
Lay up for yourselves treasures In Heaveo. 

Here lyes y* Body of 
Htddah, daughter of Mr. Nathan & 
Mrs. Silence Hawley, who died Feb'^ 
24*'* 1747, in y* 6**» year of her age. 

Nathan f Son to Nathan & Silence 
Hawley, Aged ii months. Died 
August y* 19, 1738. 

Houldy, Daur to Nathan & Silence 
Hawley, Aged 2 years & 10 months. 
Died Octo' y* 17, 1740. 

Sally Ann, Wife of David B. Hinman, 
Died April 5. 1864, JE, 49 yrs. & 5 mo. ' 
She waits for me In Heaven. 

Eilward IF. Son of David B. & Sally 
A. Hinman Died Jan. 31, i860. Aged 
20 years & 2 mos. 

We miss him for he was our nil, 

The stay and support of our love ; [call, 

Yet we would not to earth our lost treasure re- 

But hasten to meet him above. 

Here lyes Buried the Body of 
Mrs, ratience HuJbbeUf Wife to 

Sergt. James Hubbell, Who Departed 

this life Sep. y* 29*** 1753 in y" 71 Year 

of Her Age. 
Charles W., son of Charles & Jane 

Hughes died Mar. 20, 1849, '^' ^ Y^^' 
Lacira Augustfif Wife of Edmond 

H. Hurd, Died Dec. 11, 1872, Aged 

25 yrs. & 8 mos. 

Heaven Is my home. 

Henry La Forge Died April 20, 
1868. Aged 84. 

Sybil, wife of Henry La Forge died 

Dec. 28, 1848, jE. 61. 
Ellen M.f wife of Hiram La Forge 

Died Feb. 2, 1872, Aged 42. 
Entered into rest. 

Our Baby 
George JT., Son of Hiram & Ellen La 
Forge Died May 12, 1864, Aged 4 mos. 

Here lies Interred the Body of 
Mr. Joseph Lake who in Dec. A.D. 

1786 Died in the 91'^ year of his age. 
JP. L. [Probably a Lake; perhaps 

Joseph's wife.] 


History of Stratford. 

Martha Minor, Daughter to y* Rot. 
Mr. Richardson Minor and Elizabeth 
his wife died Mar. y^ 1 1, I7S5. i£. 4 ds. 

In memory of 
Ifr. Andrew NichoU, who de- 

parted this life Jan'^ 29^ 1795, Aged 
71 Years. 

Annah, the Daagh** of Mr. John & 
Bathshebah Nichols died Sept. y* 19, 
1750. in 3r* 17 year of her age. 

Here lyes y* Body of 
Jonathan Nichols, son of Mr. EU- 

S* h & Mrs. Huldah Nichols, who Died 
ec^' 17. 1746. in y* 16 year of his age. 

Here lyes buried the Body of 
Mr. Elijah Nichols^ Who Died 
Jan"T 10*^ ^ntt^ Domm 1741, in y* 
37*^ year of his age. 

Here lyes Buried y* Body of 
Kaomi Nichols^ Daughter of Elijah 
& Huldah Nichols, who died Dec. 26, 
1746. in y* 5*^ year of her age. 
Here lyes Buried y* Body of 

Capt» Joseph Nidiols, Who de- 

parted this Life Sept. y* 17 Anno 
Domni 1742, in y* 59*^ Year of his Age. 

Here lyes y* Body of 
Mrs. Mary, wife to Mi. Joseph Nich- 
ols and late wife to Mr. Henry Haw- 
ley, who depaned this life April 16, 
1767, in y* 83** year of her age. 

Here lyes Buried the remains of 
Mrs. Mehitable Nichols, Wife of 
Mr. Philip Nichols, who departed this 
lifeSept.23' I756,iny* 23* yr.of herage. 

In meroonr of 

I/iettt. Nathan Nichols who de- 
parted this life Feb^. 3<^ 1789, in the 
So^ Year of his Age. 

Noah JPlunih, son of Mr. James & 
Mrs. Phebe Nichols died Jan. 8, 1792, 
in his 18*^ year. 

Here lyes y* Body of 

Mrs. JPatience NicJiols,Vf'iie to Mr. 
Nathan Nichols Who departed this 
life Dccem' y* 22, 1760. Aged 38 years. 

Eliza K, Neal Died Nov. 12, 1871, 
aged 41. 

Sister, We miss thee. 

Jane M. Wife of Elisha Neal Died 
Apr. 8, 1877, aged 67 yrs. 
In memory of 
Mrs. Joanna JPeet, daughter of Mr. 
David Booth dieth Jany. 7, 1802, in 
the 48*** year of her age. 
In memory of 
Mr. Josiah Feet, who died March 
30, 1802, in the 77 year of his age. 

In memory of 
Abigail JPeet, daughter of Mr. Josiah 
Peet, who died Sept. 12, 1778. in the 
i8»* of her age. 

A. r. [Probably a Peet.] 

In memory of 

Deac^ Thomas Beet of North Scrat- 

ford & the King's Post-rider for 33 

years, who Depaned this Life Ocf y* 

12^ A.D. i76o,inthe63' year of his age. 

Here lies interr'd the Body of 
Mr. T/unnas Sl^erufood who De- 

parted this life Sept. y* 7*^, 1749, >n 
the 29*^ year of his age. 

Here lyes the Bodir of 
Mrs. Mary, the Wife of Mr. Thomas 
Sherwood, Who died July y* 13, 1749, 
in y* 24^ year of her age. 

Here Ives Buried the Body of 
Mr, Damd Sumnterswho departed 
this life lan'y y* 28, 1761, in y* srf^ 
year of His Age. 

Here lyes y* Body of 
Mrs. Abiah Summers Wife to Mr. 
David Summers, who died Decemb' 
5. I737t aged 32 years. 

liertha A., Daughter of John E. & 
Henrietta A. Summers, Died Jan. 7, 
1884, aged 20 yrs. s oao. 

Here lyes interred the Body of 
Mr. Itobard Tamey who died Jan. 
y* >'* <753. *n y* 50*^ year of his Age. 

Here lyes y* Body of 
Mary Tarney, Daugtiterof Mr. Rob- 
ert k Mrs. Rebeckah Tumey, Who 
Died Nov. y* 29*'* 1746 aged — . 

In memory of 
Mr. John Ufford, who died Feb. 
25, 181 1, aged 69. 

Faustin€i his wife died July 15, 1784, 
aged 43. 

Here lyes the Body of 
Mr. JRicfuird Walker, who de- 
parted this life Sept. the 12^ 1778, io 
y* 23* Year of his age. 

Here lyes the Body of 
Mrs. Htddah Walker, who de- 
parted this life June the 17^ 1781. in 
y* 22* year of her age. 

Here lyes Buried y* Body of 
Mr. John Wiienuin Who Departed 
this Life Jan'' )-♦ ii*^ A.D. 1747-8. »n 
y 26*^ Year of his age. 

Here lyes y* Body of 
Mrs. Sarah IVitdman Died Nov. 
y* 4** I734t in y* 39*^ year of her age. 

TrumbulL 1023 

The Ecclesiastical "Society Record Book of North 
Stratford" is dated " May I2"», A. D. 1761 ;" and the following 
is the first item recorded in it: '* Jany. the 13, A. D. 1763. 
Then Rec* of the Society's Com**^* Seventy Pounds Lawful 
money which is the full of my salary for the year A. D. 1761. 
1 say Rec* by me. James Beebee. 

" The above is a true Copy of the original Rect. 

"Test. Entered by Daniel Fairchild, Society's Clerk." 

Then follow five other receipts from Mr. Beebee for 
salary, on the first page of the book. The first record of a 
society meeting is : 

"At a Legal Society meeting held in North-Stratford at the Meeling-House on 
y* ijti* Day of May A. D. 1761. 

" Mr. James Walker is Chosen Moderator for this meeting. 

" Proposed whether we should oppose our Northern Neighbors or not in their 
memorial to the Assembly. Passed in the alTirmative. Mr. James Walker is 
Chosen agent for this society to represent it at the Assembly, respecting y* 
memorials sent in there. 

**Mr. John Middlebrook, Deacon Eph"" Booth, Mr. John Hinman, Mr. James 
Walker, Mr. Ephr"* Beach, Mr. Samuel UfToot, Lieut. John French and Daniel 
Fairchild are chosen a Com"** to Represent this society to a Com****, if our 
Brethren Neighbours should obtain one. 

" Voted to oppose the People of Flat Rock in their memorial at the Assembly. 

" Voted and agreed that the necessary expenses that shall arise by sending an 
agent to the Assembly shall be taken out of the society Rate last Granted. 

*' Voted and agreed that the 4-6*^* parts of school money now left in the hands 
of Mr. Agur Beach should be paid equally to 5 schools (viz.) Foolshatch,^^ Cutler's 
Farm, Stepney, Daniel's Farm and White Plain Schools. 

** Voted that this meeting should be adjourned without date." 

On the 6th day of the next October another meeting was 
held when they voted again to oppose " Our Northern Neigh* 
hours, at the General Assembly with respect to their memo- 
rial ;" and also " Voted that there should be four pews on each 
side of the Broad Alley on the rear of the square body, and 
the Front to be seated." The ** Northern Neighbors" had 
petitioned for what became, in 1762, the New Stratford 

1® '* Foolshatch" was so called very early in the settlement of the town of 
Stratford. Two men went into the woods hunting, became bewildered, could not 
tell which way to go to reach home, and therefore camped in the woods at this 
place, over ten miles from Stratford village, all night. In the morning when they 
arose they knew readily where they were, and exclaimed, " two bigger fools were 
never hatched." Hence the name *' Foolshatch." 

1024 History of Stratford. 

The following extracts show some of the persons who 
were prominent in the work of the society in November, 1761. 


"Mr. James Walker It choien moderator of this meeting. Daniel Faircbild 
ia chosen Society Clerk for the year ensuing. Mr. Oliver HawleTt Mr. John 
Hinman and Mr. Ephrairo Beach are chosen Society Com^^ to manage the pni« 
dentiala of the society for the year ensuing. 

"Mr. David Peet, Mr. Josiah Peet and Mr. Mitchel Curtiss are chosen a 
Com'*** for the school at Nichols's Farm for the year ensuing. 

" Mr. Jn* Edward, Mr. Ephr^* Burton and Mr. John Porter are a Com*^ for 
the school at Dan*'* Farm for y* year ensuing. 

*' Mr. Nehemiah Edwards, Mr. Edmond Curtiss and Mr. Coach Edwards ate 
chosen a Com**** for the school at Long Hill. 

** Mr. Agur Beach, Mr. David Summers, and Mr. David Booth, Jr. are chosen 
a Com'*** for the school at White Plain. 

"Mr. Nehemiah Hurd. Mr. Jer* Hubbelt and Mr. Etnathan Patterson are 
chosen Com**** for the school at Cutler's Farm. 

"James Walker, Esqr., Capt. Joseph Burton, Lieut. Nathan Nichols, Daniel 
Fairchild, Mr. Justice Hinman, Mr. Jn* Middlebrook, Jr., Mr. Samuel Uffooc, 
Deacon Ephr^* Booth, Mr. Jn* Hinman are chosen a Com**** to Ride with the 
Com**** appointed by y* Gen'* Assembly to view our Parish circumstances and to 
Represent this society to the said Com****. 

" Mr. James Walker, Esqr, Mr. John Middlebrook, Junr. and Mr. Elnalhan 
Hubbell are chosen a Com**** to Ride with the Com**** appointed to view Flat 
Rock circumstances and to represent this society to said Com****. 

"Mr. Ephraini Beach, Mr. John Porter and Daniel Fairchild are chosen a 
Com**** to measure the length and breadth of this Society." 

Rev. Mr. Beebee's salary was £70 money for several 
years, then £7^, and in 1769 it was £io, but they gave him 
;^2o pounds in addition. They, however, were in arrears in 
paying him and in 1771 voted to give him £70^ in addition to 
the ;^8o, if he would give them ''a full discharge upon all 
accounts before." 

In regard to rates it is seen that while every property 
owner was taxed, releases were made almost every year. In 
1768 William Burton, Nehemiah Blackman, Daniel French, 
Daniel Leavenworth, Ebenezer Vitteto, Thomas Wakelce, 
Samuel Mallet and Philip Mallet were given their rates by 
vote of the society. 

The school committees were appointed regularly, three 
persons in each district, then the number was increased to 
eight districts in 1762. In 1773 twenty-seven were appointed, 
and probably there were nine districts, but the number is no 
other way ascertained. Upper and Lower Long Hill districts 

Trumbull. 1025 

are mentioned, and in 1769 Tashua school is first noted and 
provided for with public money. From year to year for a 
considerable time Zechariah Coe was ''appointed to bring 
the school money into the society and divide it to the several 
districts." This was the "country school money/* which the 
colony had long furnished for education. 

The inside of the North Stratford meeting house was 
unfinished for many years. In 1762 they voted "to pew the 
remaining part of the galleries that are unfinished." Also, 
" voted and agreed that the Rev. Mr. Beebee's Family should 
have the pew adjoining the pulpit stairs. The meeting house 
committee is chosen to make the steps at the meeting house 
doors." And in 1773 they "Voted to repair the meeting- 
house and color the outside and finish the inside of said 
meeting house." 

" Dec. 1767. Voted that the money that was contributed 
to purchase a silver Christening Bason should be laid out to 
purchase a bloctin one for that use, and also to purchase cloth 
to cover the cousheon for the pulpit." 

"Dec. 1769. Voted to give Mr. James Beebee y* old 
qushen y* belongs to y* pulpitt." 

"Dec. 1768. Voted to divide the six law books brought 
into the Society by Deacon Abraham Brinsmaid, one to 
Daniels Farm, one to Nichols Farm, one to White Plain, one 
to Ox-hill or lower part of Long hill, one to the upper part of 
Long Hill and one to Tashua.** 

"At a legal Society meeting held at the meeting house in North Stratford on 
the 22*^ day of November A. D. 1773, James Walker Esq', was chosen moderator 
for said meeting. 

*' Voted that Ephrairo Beach should be Society dark, and sworn for the year 

"Voted that Messrs. David Summers, Daniel Hawley and Sylvanus Starling 
be Society's Com*** to order the Prudentials of s*. Society for y* year ensuing. 

"Voted that Messrs. John Bardslee, Leut. Zechariah Coe, Capt. Robert 
Hawley, and David Booth, Agur Beach, Daniel Hawley, and Edmund Curtis, 
John Whealor. Lt. Abijah Beach, and Ephraim Stearling, Stephen Middlebrook, 
Eliakim Walker, and William Nichols, William Burritt, Amos Hinman, and 
Daniel Shelton, Nathan Nichols,* Jr., Ichabod Wakelee, and Thomas Porter, 
Matthew Mallitt, Samuel Gregory, and Jonathan Nichols, Jehiel French, Benja- 
min Sears, and David Edwards, William Edwards, Nehemiah Edwards should be 
ft Com*** for the several schools for y* year insuing. 

" Voted that Leut. Zechariah Coe is appointed to bring the school money into 
the society and divide it to the several schools according to their districts. 

I026 History of Stratford. 

*' Voted that the society will do something about the ecdesiasticml dlficoltics 
in this society. 

*' Voted that thej will not adjourn but precede to do business about the alM«- 
said difficulties. 

*' Voted to choose a Com*** to go to the Counsel of ministers for idvice to see 
if they can't come into some methods for our agreement 

'* Voted that Messrs. Ephraim Beach, John Hinman, John Middlebrook, 
Capt. Joseph Burton and James Walker Esqr. be a Com*** to go to sd. Coansd 
for advice about sd. difficulties in sd. Society. 

'* Voted that Capt. Nathan Hawley should take care of the meeting house, and 
sweep it once a fortnight, at least, and shut y* doors and windows the jtan iosning, 
and* hare fifteen shillings and six pence for his services. 

" Voted that this meeting be adjourned without day and is hereby adjonmed." 

William Wayneright took the care of the meeting house 
several years, by vote of the society, from year to year. 

The "ecclesiastical difficulties" referred to, were those 
which grew out of the receipt of a legacy from Thomas 
Sanford, one of the members of the church and society. 

In 1778 the school committees are mentioned in connec- 
tion with the districts: " Timothy Fairchild, Andrew Nichols 
and David Lake for Nichols Farm ; John Ufibot, EInatban 
Beers, Jr. and Capt. Solomon Booth for White Plain ; Eph- 
raim Thompson, Abel Beach and Andrew Beach at Daniel's 
Farm ; Capt. John French, Benjamin Burton and John Wheeler 
at the Lower end of Long Hill ; Gideon Peet, David Tumey 
and Eliakim Walker at the upper end of Long Hill; Lt. 
Samuel Bangs, John Edwards, 3' and Elnathan Edwards at 
Chestnut Hill ; Samuel Gregory, Abijah Seeley and Joseph 
Mallett at Tashua ; Jehiel French, Jonathan Nichols and Lt 
Judson Curtiss at Stepney; Capt. David Nichols, James 
Nichols and Nathan Nichols at Booth's Hill." Probably 
some few changes occurred during the next seventeen years, 
and then a new survey and the fixing of boundaries occurred 
as recorded. 

"We the subscribers being appointed a committee by the society of North 
Stratford in legal society meeting held at the meeting house in said society on the 
2^ day of December 1795. to set off the several school districts in this society, and 
to meet for said purpose at the house of Mr. Lewis Burton in said society 00 
Tuesday the 8^ of instant December and to make out proper minutes of our 
doings and exhibet the same to the society cleric, and that the same be recorded ; 
having met according to our appointment at said place and formed by choosing 
Mr. David Beardslee, Junr. chairman and Judson Curtiss, Junr. scribe, proceeded 
to set off the several school districts as follows, viz : 

Trumbull. 1027 

*'The District of Nichols's Farm School to begin at the monument at the 
southwest corner of the town of Huntington, near Bears Den so called, thence 
running east with said town line to the line of the old society in Stratford, thence 
southwardly with said line to the southeast corner of this society, thence west- 
wardiy with the line between this and the old society to 60 rods west of the bridge 
where said line crosses Nichols's Farm road, thence northwardly a straight line to 
the place where the house of Lieut. Brinsmade, deceased, formerly stood, thence 
a straight line to Mesha Hill sawmill, thence a straight to the place begun at. 

** The District of White Plain school, to begin at Hedge Hog Brook where it 
crosses Daniels Farm Road, thence a straight line to Meshee Hill sawmill, thence 
with the line of Nichols Farm school district to the south line of this society, 
thence westwardly with said line to where it crosses the highway next west of 
James Daskom's, thence a straight line to the highway in the center between the 
house of the Widow Starling and the house of the widow Mary Beebee, thence a 
straight line to the mouth of the cross road at the foot of Luff's hill, so called, 
thence a straight line to the place begun at. 

"The District of Daniel's Farm School to begin at Meshee Hill sawmill, 
thence running a straight line to Booth's Hill Brook where it crosses the road 
east of Mr. Joseph Nichols, thence northwardly a straight line to the monument 
on Huntington line on the east of Mr. Edward Waylon's, thence with said town 
line westward to the center between Porter's Hill road and Shagnawamps road, 
thence southwardly a straight line to a large rock by the road between the house 
of Mr. Joshua Curtiss and the house of Mr. Daniel Foot, thence a straight line to 
the mouth of Shagnawamps Brook, thence southward with the river to the line of 
White Plain school district, thence eastward with the line of said district to the 
place begun at. 

*'The district of Booth's Hill school to begin at the monument at the south- 
west corner of the town of Huntington running with the line of Nichols Farm 
school district to Meshee Hill sawmill, thence northwardly with the line of Dan- 
iel's Farm school district to Booth's Hill brook where it crosses the road east of 
Mr. Joseph Nichols, thence with said line to the monument on Huntington line in 
the road east of Mr. Edward Waylon's together with all that part of this society 
there lying within the town of Huntington. 

"The District of Long Hill south school to begin at the mouth of the cross 
road at the foot of Luffs Hill, so called, thence westward with said road to New- 
town road, thence to the bridge across Canoe Brook westward of Mr. Daniel 
Salmon's so as to leave the house of Mr. Seeley Burroughs in the north district, 
thence a straight line to the monument on Weston line at the mouth of the road 
east of Mr. Benjamin Beardsiee's, thence southwardly with said Weston town line 
to Stratfield parish line, thence eastward with said parish line to the southwest 
corner of White Plain school district, thence northward with the line of said school 
district to the place begun at. 

"The District of Long Hill North school to begin at the bridge on Canoe 
brook west of Mr. Daniel Salmon's running up with said brook to the bridge west 
of Mr. Enoch Gregory's, thence a straight line northwardly to a white oak tree a 
little west of the house of Mr. John Jones's, thence a straight line eastward to 
Newtown road ten rods south of the house of Mr. John Fitch's, thence northwardly 
a straight line to Huntington line fifty rods west of where said line crosses Shag- 
nawamps road, thence eastwardly with said town line to the noithwest corner of 

I028 History of Stratford. 

Danicl't Farm school district, tbeoce southward with the line of aid district to 
the line o( White Plain school district* thence westward with the line of said 
district to the month of the cross road at the foot of Luffs Hill, so called, theses 
with the line of Long Hill south school district westward to the place begua aL 

** The District of Tashua school to begin at the bridge on Canoe Brook a litde 
west of the house of Mr. Daniel Salmon's, thence running northward with the line 
of Long Hill North school district to a white oak tree west of Mr. John JosesTs, 
thence a straight line northwardly to a large rock in the highway a little west of 
the house of Mr. Zachariah Malleit, Jr's, thence a straight line north to Haniiag- 
ton line, thence west with said town line to Weston line, thence soothwardlj with 
said town line to the monument eastward of the house of Mr. Benjamin Beards- 
lee's, thence eastward with the line of Long Hill South school district to the pis 
begun at. 

"The District of Mount Moria school to begin at a white oak tree a little 
of the house of Mr. John Jones's, thence running northward with the line of 
Tashua school district to Huntington line, thence eastward with said town line to 
the line of Long Hill North school district, thence southwardly with the line of 
said district to Newtown road ten rods south of the house of Mr. John Fitch's, 
thence westward with said line to the place begun at. 

'*Tbe abore and foregoing work done and completed by us the subscribers in 
North Siratford this 8^ day of December A. D. 179s. 

"Judson Curiiss. Juo'. David Beardslee. Ju', Zachariah Cnniss.Samael Hall, 
Daniel Beach, John Middlebrook, Ephrairo Beach, Committee.** 

Christ Church (Episcopal) at Tashua in the town of 
Trumbull was organized, probably, about the year 176a 
Services may have been conducted there some years before, 
by neighboring ministers. No records of this church at that 
date are known to be in existence, but the burying ground 
was there, for the remains of Mrs. Eleanor Barrow, who died 
November 24, 1766, were buried there, but it may not repre- 
sent the first burial there. There is a receipt given by the 
Rev. Christopher Newton, missionary at Ripton, for money 
received from North Stratford, March 30, 1761, recorded on 
the records of the old North Stratford Society, which indi- 
cates that he then held regular services within that society. 
Mr. Newton wrote a letter to the Venerable Society in Eng- 
land, dated June 25, 1760, in which he says, speaking of 
preaching at the place : '* I have reason to think it has had a 
good effect on a number of families about eight or ten miles 
from Ripton, to whom 1 have often preached, and of late they 
have been more ready to hear than formerly, and some to be 
religiously disposed and sensible of the importance of attend- 
ing public worship. They have accordingly built a church 
36 feet long and 26 feet wide, and in about six weeks so far 

Trumbull, 1029 

finished it that we meet in it for public worship. A large 
congregation attend, it was thought upwards of three hundred 

** The church stood within the present church yard near the north gate. In 
1762 the Rev. Mr. Newton writes to the Venerable Society in England that 'he has 
reason to bless God that seriousness, peace, and charity appear to prevail in his 
parishes ; that he has at North Stratford and Stratfield about thirty communicants 
and about one hundred at Ripton; that he had baptized in the last half-year 
twenty-one children.' 

"July, 1762, the members of Tashua parish sent to the Society a letter of 
thanks for their gift of a folio Bible and prayer-book for the use of the church, and 
also for small Bibles and prayer-books and catechisms, and for the frequent and 
very acceptable ministrations of Mr. Newton, who . . . had been very constant for 
several years in administering the Lord's Supper to them once in two months, and 
performing divine service once in four Sundays, and in catechising and instructing 
the children." 

In the old North Stratford Ecclesiastical Society book 
are recorded a dozen or more receipts, given by the Rev. 
Christopher Newton, for money received for services within 
that parish. Apparently all his receipts were not recorded, 
but sufficient are, to give some idea of his income from per- 
sons dwelling within that society, although most of the 
receipts, being from school districts, name small sums. He 
states that for the year 1766 he received ;^26-i-9, lawful 
money ; and for 1767 he received £2^. His last receipt here 
recorded was dated in 1782. He is said to have died in or 
before the year 1787. From these receipts it is evident that 
the Tashua people were neither as poor, nor asnear heathen- 
ism, when Mr. Newton found them, as they have sometimes 
been represented. 

The law of 1786 allowed persons, upon giving a certifi- 
cate, to be released from paying taxes in the legal ecclesi- 
astical society and to pay to any church they might prefer, 
as seen in the following from the Trumbull records: 

"Stratford, August, 1789. This may certify to all it may concern that David 
Sherman has conformed to the Episcopal Church and has annually paid his rate 
to said Church for two years past, as witness my hand, Abraham Lyman, Clercke ; 
Curate of St. Paul's Church and Tashua." 

** The following is the list of the persons who withdrew from the Congrega- 

" Extracts from a sketch of this church in the *' Fairfield County History/* 
written by the Rev. William H. Buckley, rector of the church. 


1030 History of Stratford. 

lional Society of North Stratford and of Trumbull and united with the Episcopal 
Church, with the dates, and the places to which they went. 

Benjamin and Abel Fairchild, Mar. 20. 1788, to Ripton ; EJi Seeley, Nov. 2, 
1790, to Ripton ; Nero Hawley, a free Negro man, Mar. 14, 1791, to Ripton ; 
Mitchel Curtiss, Dec. 15, 1791, to Stratford ; Eliakim Walker, Mar. 31, 1794 
[Tashua]; David Walker, Feb. 16, 1793, to *' North Stratford'* [Tashua] ; James 
Ross, Mar. I3, 1795, to North Stratford [Tashua] : Isaac Curtiss, Sept. 27, 1794, to 
Stratford; Hezekiah B. Nichols, June 4, 1799; David Wheeler, July i, 1799; 
James Beach, Nov. 15, 1800, to Trumbull [Tashua] ; David Edwards, Jr^ Jan. 10^ 
1801, to Trumbull [TashuaJ ; John Burton, Oct. 15, 1801, to Trumbull ; David 
Wheeler, July i, 1799, to Trumbull ; Eliakim Hawley, Jan. i, 1801, to Trumbull ; 
Jabez Beach, Jr., Apr. 21, 1802, to Trumbull ; Abigail Peet, March 24, 1804, to 
Trumbull ; Robert Turney, Feb. 20, 1800, to Trumbull ; Amos 11. Wheeler, Mar. 
I, 1810, to Trumbull ; Robert Middlebrook, Mar. i, 1810, to Trumbull ; Abel G. 
Northrop, Mar. 4, 1811, to Trumbull ; John M. Wheeler, Mar. 6, 181 1, 10 Trum- 
bull ; Lewis B. Beach, April 2, 181 1, to Trumbull ; Joseph Hamlin. May i, 1811. 
and David Hamlin. May 2, 1811. to Trumbull ; David Beebee, April 28, 1811, to 
Trumbull ; Samuel Edwards, Jan. 18, 1812, to Trumbull ; Eben Beach, Jr., Sept 
25, 1816. 

'•The Rev. Abraham L. Clarke," who was ordained by 
Bishop Seabury in 1786, became the minister of the parish at 
Tashua soon after Mr. Newton's decease. In October, 1787, 
a committee was appointed by the parish to secure his ser- 
vices one-third part of the time, and the next year it was 
voted to settle Mr. Clark one-third part of the time for life. 

** In 1788, December i, it was voted to build a new church 
by subscription, and on Christmas day, in the same year, 
Capt. Abel Hall, Nathan Summers and David Mallett were 
appointed to oversee and carry on the building of the new 
church ; and that Abraham Van Nostrand proportion the 
house, not to exceed 50 feet in length, and 34 in breadth, and 
24 in height. Also to be 24 windows in said church, of six- 
by-eight glass, thirty panes in each window, exclusive of the 
arch. This edifice was located, apparently, on the north side 
of the highway, where it remained until the present one was 
erected. The same year it was voted to call the parish 
Trinity Church, and by that name it was known in the 
records for many years. In June, 1790, the church was so 
far advanced that by vote of the parish the pew spots were 
sold at public veendue, the buyers being obligated to pay the 
prices bid and build the pews in one year from the time of 
purchase. The pews were to be in uniform style, as they 

'* Manuscript of the Rev. William H. Bulkley. 

Trumbull. 1031 

were in the North Fairfield meeting house. The purchase 
money was applied towards the expense of building the 
church. The pew spots, except two, were sold for $310.66. 
The square pews were sixteen in number, being the wall 
pews round the building. The chancel was on the north side, 
and there was a door in the opposite side and one also at the 
east and west ends. In the body of church there were long, 
open seats free to all. A tower and spire were built at the 
west entrance in 1823. The names of the original purchasers 
of pew spots were Henry Beardsley, Josiah Sanford, Isaac 
Wakelee, Zechariah Mallett, Nathan Summers, Andrew Lyon, 
William Prince, George Chambers, Zechariah Beach, Joseph 
Mallett, John Edwards, Capt. Abel Hall, William Osborne, 
and Agur Edwards. The church was consecrated by Bishop 
Seabury on June 5, 1795. 

The Rev. Abraham L. Clarke, son of James Clarke; M.D., 
of Milford, Conn., was graduated at Yale College in 1785, 
ordained deacon and priest by Bishop Seabury, June 9, 1786, 
and after officiating a time at Milford he began his services with 
the churches at Huntington and Tashua in 1787. On Novem- 
ber 14, 1790, he married Sarah, daughter of Philip Nichols, of 
Stratfield, and sister of the wife of the Rev. Philo Shelton ; 
the portraits of these two persons, Mr. Clarke and his wife, 
are preserved in the old home of the Rev. Philo Shelton. 
Mr. Clarke accepted a call from St. John's Church, Provi- 
dence, R. I., where he began his labors at Easter, 1793. He 
resigned that parish in 1800, and after assisting the Rev. Mr. 
Usper at Bristol, R. I., for a time, he accepted the rectorship 
of St. George's Church, Flushing, and St. James's Church of 
Newtown, Long Island, serving both parishes until 1809, and 
after that time until his decease in i8u, he confined his labors 
to Newtown. Bishop Seabury described him as "a gentle- 
man of good understanding and character, of easy and polite 
manners, and of diligence in his profession."'* 

** In 1792 the first convention of this diocese was held, and 
Tashua parish was represented by Capt. Abel Hall. On April 
I, 1793, this parish joined with Christ Church at Stratford, in 
settling the Rev. Ashbel Baldwin, who officiated here every 

" Manuscript of the Rev. George Huntington Nicholls. 

1032 History of Stratford. 

third Sunday tor many years. He was ordained by Bishop 
Seabury in 1785, at the first Episcopal ordination in America. 
He was small of stature, quick action, both of mind and body, 
fine talents, and powerful voice. In his prime he was very 
popular as a preacher and orator, being called upon often to 
preach and speak before public bodies on important occasions. 
Probably no man was more instrumental than he, since the 
Revolution, in laying the foundations of the church in this 
diocese. He continued to officiate in Tashua in connection 
with Stratford until 181 5, and at intervals when the parish 
became vacant by the removal of other clergymen, until 1828, 
although his connection with Stratford ceased in 1824. He 
afterwards served other parishes in this diocese until 1832. 
He died at Rochester, N. Y., in 1846, aged 89 years, full of 

"The Rev. Joseph D. Welton supplied this parish one- 
half of the time in connection with the old church in Weston, 
from 1817 until 1819, when he removed to Waterbury, where 
he died in 1825. From 1819 until 1823 the parish was again 
supplied a part of the time by Mr. Baldwin, and following 
him were Rev. Henry R. Judah, Rev. Beardsley Northrop, 
and Rev. E. J. Ives, supplying at various lengths of time with 
Mr. Baldwin again, until nearly 1829, when the Rev. Rodney 
Rossiter was settled here in connection with St. Peter's 
Church of Monroe, supplying each one-half the time until 


** In 1837 ^^ Rev. D. G. Tomlinson was called to Tashua, 
and officiated three-fourths of the time for two years, giving 
the other fourth to the church in Weston ; after that he 
devoted all his services to Tashua, until his resignation in 
1843. The chancel-window is a memorial of his earnest zeal 
and devoted labors for the good of the parish. 

**The Rev. William W. Bronson served the cure from 
July, 1843, to November, 1847, when he accepted a call to 
St. James* Church at Danbury. In the following spring the 
Rev. Henry V. Gardner succeeded him, serving Tashua and 
Grace Church at Long Hill for one year. Grace Church had 

"^^ On page 369 his death is erroneously given as having occurred at Stratford 
in 1825. It was his wife, Clarissa Baldwin, died, and was buried at Stratford. 

Trumbull. 1033 

been erected during Mr, Tomlinson's service, as a chapel ot 
Christ Church. During the rectorship of the Rev. Mr. 
Bronson the erection of the present church edifice atTashua, 
the third at that place, was accomplished. It was begun in 
1846 and consecrated on the 28th of May following. 

In 1849 ^^^ Rev. John W. Hoflfman was called to Tashua, 
serving that church only. He was succeeded by the Rev. 
J. G. Downing, who served the whole time until the beginning 
of the year 1852. After a vacancy of nine months the Rev. 
DeWitt C. Loop served the parish, in connection with Long 
Hill, the greater portion of 1853. After this several ministers 
served the parish for short periods: the Rev. W. L. Bostwick 
nearly two years, until February, 1856; the Rev. William T. 
Early a few months, until July, 1858; the Rev. D. P. Sanford 
from March 20, 1859. He was absent from the parish from 
September 20, 1862, until April i, 1863, as chaplain of the 20th 
Regiment, Connecticut Volunteers, his place in Tashua being 
supplied by the Rev. William H. Williams. Mr. Sanford 
resigned on Easter Monday, 1864, and. was followed by the 
Rev. William Warland in 1865, who served at Tashua and 
Long Hill until late in 1867, when he resigned. The Rev. 
C. C. Adams served as rector from February, 1869, about a 
year and a half, during which time the present rectory was 
purchased. The Rev. William J. Pigott succeeded him in 
October, 1870, for two years, he being followed in 1874 by the 
Rev. A. P. Brush, who served the united cures of Tashua and 
Long Hill until late in the year 1878. The present rector, * 
the Rev. William H. Bulkley, took charge of the Tashua 
Church and parish June 13, 1880, serving in connection with 
Christ Church at Easton. 

The officers of this church are: Rev. William Howard 
Bulkley, Rector ; Charles Osborne, Aaron B. Mallett, War- 
dens; Stephen G. Nichols, Morse D. Mallett, William A. 
Mallett, Doct. Seth Hill. Benjamin H, French, S. Mallett 
Sanford, Joseph A. Treadwell, Vestrymen ; Joseph A. Tread- 
well, Clerk; William A. Mallett, Chorister; George D. Mai- 
lett, Librarian; Rev. William H. Bulkley, Sunday School 


History of Stratford. 

Tashua. Burying^place in Trumbull. 

JnlieUe S* Daughter of Francis & 
Marietta Austin, died Nov. 29, 1862, 
i£. II yrs. II roo. 

Marietta f wife of Francis Austin, 
Died Feb. i, 1854, X.. 31. 

Cluirity JSiizabeth, Daughter of 

Isaac & Polly Beach, Died May 25. 

i860, i£. 19 Yrs. & 6 mo. 
She no longer needs 
A parents tend^ care 
For she now dwells on hlffh 
With one who never will forsake her. 

In memory of 
Frederick W. Son of Nelson B. & 
Ellen M. Beach, Who Died Mar. 16, 
1864. i£. 6 ma 

Henry Jasper , son of Nelson B. & 
Ellen M. Beach, Died Feb. 24. 1871. 
i£. 5 Yrs. & 8 mos. 

In memory of 
Mr. Henry Beanlslee, who died 
Aug. 29^^ 1809, Aged 48 years. 

In memory of 
Anna, the widow of Henry, Beardslee, 
who departed this life Nov. 7, 1812, 
aged 50 years. 

Mrs. Anne BenniU, wife of Mr. 
Tames Bennitt, died Sept. 13, 1826, in 
her 77 year. 

In memory of 
Daniel IT. Bennett, who died Aug. 
27. 1857, Aged 76. 

In memory of 
Pl^he, wife of Daniel H. Bennett, who 
died Nov. 4, 1823, in the 32 year of 
her age. 

tfames Z,p son of Aaron & Ammarillis 
Bennitt. Died Jan. 16. 1861, jE. 26 
yrs. 6 mo. & 23 days. 

This tablet to a brother's love 
Is reared by kindred left 
His soul is now above 
His friends on earth bereft. 

In memory of 

Phebe BostnHch, who died July 11, 

1805. in the 27*^ year of her age. 
Behold and see as you pass by 

As you are now so once was I 
As I am now soon you must be 
Prepare for death and follow me. 

Han*iet Brisco, sister of Susan W. 
Clark, died July 16, 1861, JE.. 50 ys. 




Itobert Brtice, son of Walker ft 
Mary A. Wakeley, Died Aug. 26. 1856, 
aged 10 mos. & 22 Ds. 

There is rest In beftveo. 

Augusta Burr, Daughter of Elisha 
B. & Nancy Burr, DieS Apr. 4. 1861, 
i£. 27 yrs. I mo. & 20 ds. 
But shall we mourn the beautiful departed 
Whose pure spirit has flown to yonder shining 

She a bright sea-wave that a zephyr started. 
To come Dack earthward siiching oevemore. 
Thou art gone, thy friencb wait but a Hule 

Oh, may they hope through fiilth, and lore, and 

ave death's bright angel with a smile. 
Waft them to Heaven, to meet thee there. 

William A. Burr Died OcL 14, 
1869. aged 30 yrs. 4 mo. & 8 Ds. 
Barth hath his dust, friends hb memory and 

the Redeemer his spirit. 

William O. Burr Died Aug. 23, 
i8s4. iC. 40. 

SaroA, wife of William O. Burr, Died 
Oct. 8. 1871. aged $7* 

Our Father & Mother. 
Lyman Burton Died in Old Towo, 
Mass. May 10, 1827, jE, 45 yrs. & 6 Ds. 

Abigail, his wife. Died Jan. 21, 1858, 
i£. 73 yrs. 2 mo. & 14 Ds. 
The path that Jesus trod 
Though rough and dark It be 
Leads home to HcsTen and God. 

In memory of 
Qeorge Cable, who died Mar. 16, 
1 864, JE. 32 yrs. 

Hattie, their daughter, M, 6 mos. 

Harvey Cables Died Apr. 6, 1880, 
aged 84 years. 

Nancy, his wife Died Sept. 27. 1874, 
aged 79 years. 

In memory of 
Jane Cables, daughter of Harvey & 
Nancy Cables, who died October 29, 
1852, aged 32 years & 11 months. 

In memory of 
£>avid, son of Harvey & Nancy 
Cables, who died April 11, 1845, aged 
23 years 3 months 12 days. 

Vivian Irene Died Sept. 15, 1863, 
i£. 9 mos. & 26 ds. 

Florence Adele Died Sept. 15, 1863, 

J£. 2 yrs. 9 mo. & 23 ds. 
Children of Burr & Catharine J. Cables. 
Our darlings sleep. 

Tashua Burying-place in Trumbull. 


Anna CuHls Died June ai, 1858, /E. 
77 years & 7 mo. 

For we mutt needs die. 

Horace CuHiss Died Feb. 26, 1849, 

iE. 33. 

Wiiat piUy prompts the rising: siffh, 

Witli awful power imprest ; 
Mav ttiis dread trutli, I too must die, 

Sinlc deep in every breast. 

JPhebe, wife of David Curtiss, died 
Feb. II, 1856, iE. 71 yrs. 

In memory of 
Granville Dunnitig, Born Oct. 15, 
1798, Died Jan. 11, 1879. 

Maria ^ His wife. Born Jan. 14, 1797, 
Died May 8, 1876. 

Ch'anvUle, son of Capt. Granvill, & 
Maria Dunning, who died March 17, 
1832, aged 3 y. & 4 mo. 

In memory of 
Rachel, wife of Isaac Dunning, who 
died Oct. 25, 1827, aged 72 yrs. 

In memory of 
Adeline Edwards, who died Oct. 
6, 1847, ^E. 20 yrs. 3 mo. 

In memory of 
Agar Eilwards, who died Sept. 24, 
1843. aged 78 years. 

In memory of 
Elizahvth^ relict of Agiir Edwards, 
who died Oct. 13, 1846, -/E. 80. 

Albert Edwards Died Jan. 9, 1831, 
iE. 43. 

AuiHlla, wife of Albert Edwards, 
Died Jan. 15, 1859, JE. 70. 

In memory of 
Harvey, son of Albert & Aurelia 
Edwards, who died Jan. 22, 1821, 
Aged 7 months. 

In memory of 
John* son of Albert & Aurelia Ed- 
wards, who died Jan. 31, 1846, aged 
16 years. 

Hepsa C. Edwards Died Oct. 7, 

1840. jE. 19. 

Wlien Clirlst wlio is our life shall appear then 
shall ye also appear with him in glory. 

Laura E., Wife of John V. Eyre, 
Born Aug. 9, i860. Died Feb. 5, 1884. 
At Rest. 

In memory of 
Abigail Mary, wife of David French, 
who died Jan. 13, 1844, /E. 31 Yrs. & 
10 mo. 

An infant son of theirs died Jan. 11, 
1844. iE. 3 days. 

Maryt wife of David French, Died 
May 2, 1857, iE. 37 Yrs. 5 mo. 22 Ds. 

Also, an infant son died Apr. 29. 

Hannah M., Wife of David French, 
Died June 30, 1855. iE. 43. 
Hlessed are the dead who die m the Lord. 

Eliza A»9 Daughter of David & Eu- 
nice M. French. Died Aug. 22, 1859, 
iE. 2 mo. & 12 days. 
Good by little blossom, good by, good by, 
Tesus has loved you, and callea you on nigh, 
He thy dear wishes can better supply 
So dear little bud good by, good by. 

Thomas P., son of Wilbur P. & 
Mary J. Gleason, Died July 19, 1868, 
aged 7 mo. & 4 dys. 

A bud on earth to bloom in Heaven. 

In memory of 
Mr* Samuel Goodwin, who de- 

parted this life Jan. 26, 1831, aged 91 

In memory of 
Mrs. Margaret, wife of Mr. Samuel 
Goodwin, who died Feb. i, 1813. in 
her 58 year. 

In memory of 
tJiUia Ann, wife of Beebe M. Gray, 
who died Jan. 19, 1826. aged 21 years. 

In memory of 
Col. Abel liaU, Jr., who died Dec. 
22, 1836, aged 33 years. 


In memory of 

apt. Abel HtUl, who died March 
7"*. A.D. 1809 ; In the 79*** year of 
his age. Also 
Mrs* Itebecca HaU^ his Relict, died 
Jan. 11^, A.D. 1810, Aged 74. 

In memory of 
David Harris, whc) died Nov. 21, 
1835, aged 52 years. 

Capt* Abel Hawley Died March 
I'S 1855, aged 91 years and 10 months. 

Sarah, wife of Capt. Abel Hawley, 
Died Dec. 25^^*, 1855, aged 92 years, 
6 months and 11 days. 

Elijah Hawley Died Sept. 21, 1869, 
Aged 81. 

In memory of 
Sally, wife of Elijah Hawley, Jr., who 
died Oct. 19, 1825, aged 30. 

Sarah !>., daughter of Sally and 
Elijah Hawley, Died Mar. 3, 1881, iE. 
64 yrs. 6 mo. 

diaries HiihbeU Died Feb. 6. 1863. 
iE. 33 yrs. 6 months & 21 days. 


History of Stratford, 

In memory of 
David B. HubbeU, Esq. who died 
Nov. 9. 1825, in the 49 year of bis age. 

Erected 10 the memory of 
Jtfr. Ebiffiexer HnUbdl, who de- 

parted this life March 21*' x8oo, Aged 

77 years. 
Life is a dream, all things show It, 
I tbouffht so once but now 1 know It, 
Let toe benevolent heart drop a tear. 

In memory of 

Nathan Hubbiii, formerly Lieut. 

Col. in the service of his Britanick 

Majesty, George the third. He died 

Feb. 13, 1826. in the 71 year of his 


Tbe melancholy ghosts of dead renown 
All point to earth and hiss at human pride. 
M^rs b0n0 viia *»t gioriaqut ^erctmmis. 

In memory of 
Mrs. Honor Hubbiil, wife of Mai. 
Nathan Hubbiil, who died June it**» 

1805. in the 40*** year of her age. 

Jeremiah IlubbeU Died Jan. 4. 
1870, M, 74 yrs. 

In memory of 
Mrs. Lois Iluhheil, Wife of Mr. 
Seth llubbcll. who died March 23**, 

1806, in the 61*^ year of her age. 
Farewell to all my weeping Friends. 

Marcellus J. Jackson Died Apr. 
22, 1847, j€. 39 yrs. 

Blessed are the 'dead who die in the Lord. 

Isaac JE. died Nov. 11, 18 14. aged 2 
yrs. & 3 mo. Also an infant died 
Aug. 14, 1839. 3ged I week *. Son and 
daughter of Marcellus J. & Huldah 

'*! shsll fro to him." a Samuel la, 37. 

Jesus this sweet hope through thee 

Is comfort to the heart that beats : 

WBere none shall 

Thy mercy's lathered home our babes 

ever part. 

In memory of 
Cliarity^ wife of Abraham Jennings, 
who died, July 13, 1847, iE. 94. 

Esther, daughter of Abraham & 
Charily Jennings, died Feb. 3, 1864, 
iE. 77 yrs. & 9 mo. 

Little George, son of Charles D. & 
Celia C. Judd, Died Dec. 31, 1877, 
iE. 4 yrs. 6 mo. 19 ds. 
Suffer little children to come unto me. 

Henrietta Judson, only daughter 
of Henry B. & Mary A. Seeley, Died 
Feb. 15, 1863, jE. 17 yrs. 3 mo. & 18 

Too fondly loved, Too early lost. 

In memory of 
David W. Kingsiey, loa of Eli 

and Abigail Kingsiey, died Oct. 3. 
>S39> aged 19 years. 

I IX memory of 
Bebecea, wife of Daniel Lyon. Died 
Nov. 27, 1861, i£. 84 yrs. 4 nnos. & 5 


€kipi. Abel MaUett Died Nov. 27. 

1877, i€. 88 yrs. 10 mo. 

Blessed are tbe pure in heart for tkev tkmSL 
see God. 

Natnni Mallet, wife of Abel Mallet, 
Died Feb. 2, 1856, i£. 71 yrs. 4 mo.& 

4 ds. 

So earth to earth, and dust to dmt ; 

And Ibousb my flesh doay. 
My soul shall sing among the just 
Until the judgment day. 

Abraham MaUett died March 29 
1863, Aged 58 years. 

Bollif MaUett, wife of Abraham 
Malleti, died May 26, 1850. aged 2$ 

Fanny Maria, wife of Abraham 
Malleit, died April 29, 1843, aged 32 

Mary, wife of Abraham MaUett, Died 
Jan. 16, 1882. i£. 60 yrs. 

Sweet rest In heaven. 

Aaron MaUett died Dec. 31, 1855, 

iE. 84 yrs. 7 mo. 

Eunice, wife of Aaron MaUett, died 
Nov. 27. i860, Aged 77 years, 4 
months & 27 days. 
Oh ! 'tis lonely now thou srt fTone, 

The world looks dark snd drear. 
Though friends are round mc dear and kind 

They fail my heart to cheer. 
But thou art happy now— thy words : 

*' We'll meet agsin in heaven,'* — 
Speak peace unto my troubled soul. 

Thy sins were all forgiven. 

Mary E,, daughter of Aaron & En- 
nice Mallett, died June 2, 1817, aged 
II years. 
Stay passenger this stone demands thy tears. 
Here lies a parents hope of tender years. 
Our sorrow now, but late our joy and praise, 
Lo^ in the mild aurora of her days. 
That virtue mi|;ht have graced her fuller day. 
But ah the charm just shown and snatched away 
Friendship, love, nature, all reclaim in vain 
Heaven when it will resumes its gifts again. 

In memory of 

Darid B», Son of .Aaron & Eunice 

Mallet, who died Sept. 13, 1846, in 

his 36 year. 

Nothing so certain as death, 
And nothing so necessary as a preparatloo. 

Tashua Burying-place in Trumbull. 


Lydia A»f wife of Aaron H. Mallett, 
Died Apr. 24. 1884. Aged 72 Years. 

Jaiic lUizahethf wife of Aaron B. 

Mallett, died May 25. 1851. aged 29 


In memory of 
Anna A* McUlett, who died June 

8, 1846, aged 49 years. 

In memory of 
Benjamin MaUett, who died Nov. 
6, 1798, aged 35 years. 

O mortal ! wander where you wiH, 

Your destiny Is cast ; 
The rising stone and verdant hill 

Proclaim your rest at last. 

JBerton Cf son of Orville S. and Cor- 
nelia A. Mallett. died Sept. 23. 1873, 
M. 6 years i Mo. 

CJtarlcH T. 3IaUeU, Died Apr. 11, 
1863 ; Son of G. A. & C. Mallett. 

In memory of 
Daniel MaUett who died Aug. 20, 
1832, aged 39. 

In memory of 
Safll/ MaUettf wife of Daniel Mal- 
lett, who died July 14. 1837. aged 42. 

Lncf/ M», daughter of Daniel & Sally 
Mallett, died June 26. 1832. aged s 

David Mallett Died June 3. 1848. 
i£. 64. 

In memory of 
Mr, David ^lallett, who departed 
this life Aug* 22**, 1777, Aged 77 

In memory of 
Mrs. Esther MaUett, Relict of Mr. 
David Mallett. who died Jany 16"', 

1787, In the 76**» Year of her age. 

In memory of 
Darid Mallett, who died July i6, 
1822, aged 86 years. 

Why should we mourn departed friends 

Or shake at death's alarms, 
'Tis but the voice that Jesus sends 

To call us to his arms. 

This stone is erected in Memory of 
Mrs. Khoda MalMt, who died 
March 5, 1777, in the 37 year of her 

Also in Memory of 
Mrs. Bethla Mallett, Wife of said 
David Mallett, who died Oct. 14, 

1788, in the 39 year of her age. 

Adieu ! dear friends ; those blessM names full 

Once did I know you, and have proved you 


In memory of 
Mrs, Mary, relict of Mr. David Mal- 
lett, who died May 13, 1835, aged 88 

In Memory of 
David MaUett who died Sept. 19. 
1830, JE. 75 yrs. & 6 mos. 
"Blessed are the' dead who die in the Lord 
that they may rest from their labors, and their 
works do folfow them." 

In memory of 
Pidly MaUett, wife of David Mal- 
lett, who died Dec. 14, 1843, aged 83 
years & 9 mos. 

JEbenezei* MaUett died July 26, 
1838, iE. 67. 

Crvissel, wife of Ebenezer Mallett died 
Jan. 18, 1863. JE. 88. 

In memory of 

3/r. Elijah MaUett, who died July 

O***, 1806, in the 33* year of his age. 

In memory of 
Mrs, Sarah Mallett, who died 
Feb. 27, 1834, in the 57 year of her 

In memory of 
Estliei* Mallett, who died February 
13, 1867, aged 73 years 9 mos. & 4 

Jlepsa A, Mallett Died Feb. 27, 

i860. Ai. 27 yrs. 4 mo. & 3 Ds. 
''Blessed are the dead which die In the Lord.*' 

Jane M. Ilnbbelt, wife of Roger S. 
Mallett, Died Aug. 24, 1879, i£. 53 
yrs. 5 mos. 22 ds. 

diarlotte E,, their daughter died 
Oct. 10. 1863, iE. 2 mo's. 15 days. 

Cajit* Jesse Mallett, died Aug. 26, 
1862, M. 64. 

Rest in peace. 

Jennet MalleU, wife of Jesse Mal- 
lett, died Dec. 10, 1839, ife. 34 years 
& 5 Mo. 

In memory of 
Mr. John MaUett, who died May 
28*'', 1784, In the 53'* Year of his age. 

In memory of 
John MfUlett, who died April 18, 

1826. in his 86 year. Also of his wife 
Sarah Mallett, who died May 20, 

1786, in her 50 year. 

In memory of 
Sarah, daughter of John & Sarah 
Mallett, who died in the year 1790, in 
the 20 year of her age. 
In memory of 
LfUcy Mallett, who died Mar. 22, 
1852. in the 80 year of her age. 


History of Stratford. 

In memory of 
John MaUettf who died April 4. 
1852, in the 77 year of his age. 

In memory of 
Hannah, wife of John Malleti, who 
deed Sept. 19, 1834, In the 57 year of 
her age. 

John MfUleU Died Dec. 21, 1864, 

M. 50 Yrs. 2 Mo. & 12 Ds. 
He It not here, but tleepeth. 

Be thou faithful unto death and I will give 
thee a crown of life. 

John C. Mailett died Nov. 13, 1869, 
^. 64 years. 

Sally JP., wife of John C. Mailett, 
Died Feb. 6, 1884, Aged 72 yrs. 
He doeth all things well. 

In memory of 
Mr. Joseph MaUett, who died Sept. 
10, 1818, in the 78 year of his age. 
The Rinve It now my home 
But Ihope to rise. 
Mortals behold my tomb. 
Keep death before our eyes. 

In memory of 
Mrs. Jerttslia, wife of Mr. Joseph 
Mallett, who died Aug. 31, 1819, aged 
77 years. 

In memory of 
Joseph McMett, who died Feb. 12, 
1829, aged 49 years. 

In memory of 
Hannah Mallett , wife of Joseph 
£. Mallett, who died Dec. 29, 1828, 
aged 46 years. 

Josiah Burr Mallett died May 28, 

1882, Aged 84 years. 
**An honest man is the noblest work of God.'' 

In memory of 
rollu Mallett, who died April 25. 
1868, JE. 83 yrs. 

In memory of 
Mrs. Sally, wife of Robert Mallett, 
who departed this life Jan. 10, 1850, 
aged 68 years. 
Farewell my husband dear, 
Farewell my friends and children near, 
In Jesus is my trust 
And death I do not fear. 

Sarah Ann, daughter of Ephraim 
S. & Cynthia Mallett, died Aug. 21, 
1834, aged 4 yr. & 6 mo. 

This lovely bud, so young, so fair. 

Called hence by early doom 

Just come to show how sweet a flower. 

In paradise would bloom. 

Sadie J. Wilson, Wife of William 
B. Mallett, Died Mar. 16, 18S2, aged 
20 ye.trs. 

Sarah Augusta, Wife of William 
A. Mallett, died Jan. 23, 1861, aged 
30 yrs. 3 mo. & 18 days. 

I know that my redeemer llveth. 

In memory of 
Hobert Mallett, who departed this 
life, Dec. 18, 1852, i£t. 74 yrs. 
Loved ones cast your cares on Jesus, 
Learn of bim to bear the cross. 
Earthly ioys are Idle treasures. 
Soon, On f soon they turn to dross. 

Sam'uel Mallett Died Sept. i, 1867, 
i£. 84 yrs. & 10 mo. 

Rest In peace. 

Betsey, wife of Samuel Mallett, Died 
Dec. 21, 1862, JE, 78. 

Rest In peace. 

Harriet, daughter of Samuel & Bet- 
sey Mallett, Born Dec. 26, 1815, Died 
Jan. 28, 1853. 

In memory of 
Amy M. Mallett, daughter of Sam- 
uel & Betsey Mallett, who died Oct. 
21, 1827, aged 16 years. 

In memory of 

Mr. Set'h Mallett, who died April 

14^'*, 1802, aged 42 years. Also of 

Porter Mallett, Son of Mr. Seth ft 
Mrs. Olive Mallett. who died Feb. 
10^, 1808, in the 21*^ year of his age. 

In memory of 
Zachariah Mallett, who died Jan. 
4, 1813, aged 61. Also of 

Bhoda Mallett, his relict, who died 
May 8, 1834. aged 81. 

In memory of 
ZaehaHah Curtiss Mallett, Son 

of Mr. Zachariah and Mrs. Rhoda 

Mallett, who died Scpi' i**, 1793, In 

the 4^^ year of his ase. 

Old and youn^: look here and see 
Death calls often to you and me. 

Here lyes ye Body of 
Mrs. Eleanor Marow, Wife of 
Mr. Daniel Marrow, Who departed 
this life Nov' the 24»'», 1766, Aged 78 

Common Prayer. 
Antoinette Burr, wife of Hobart 
Middlebrook, Died Sept. 5, 1859, M, 
22 yrs. 6 mo5. & 22 ds. Also 
Sarah A., Their Infant died July 25, 

1859, ^' ^ '"o* 

Dear weeping parents, look away, 

I^ok to that land so fair ; 
A few short years you have to stay. 

And then you'll meet us there. 

Capt. John Nichols Died May 13, 

1862, i£. 86 vrs. & 10 mo. 
Farewell dear friends till we meet in Heaven. 

Tashua Burying-place in Trumbull. 


In mcmorV of 
Jlff^. Chai^Uif Nichols f wife of 
Capt. John Nichols, who died June 4, 
1812, Aj<cd 33 years. 

(Hive, Wife of Capt. John Nichols, 

Died Dec. i, 1863. iE. 72 yrs. & 7 mo. 

** Behold he Uketh away, who can hinder him." 

In memory of 
Charles Nichols^ Son of Capt. John 
& Charity Nichols, who died April 
17, 1826, aged 10. 
Sleep loving: youth beneath this stone. 
Which friendship raises o'er thy tomb ; 
Thy sun, alas I went down at noon. 
Thy life nas withered in full bloom. 

In memory of 
Cluirles M,, Son of Capt. John & 

Olive Nichols, who died June 25, 

1832, aged 4 yrs. & 10 mo. 
Sleep lovely babe and take thy rest 
Thy God hath called thee, he thought It best. 

John S. Nichols f Born July 16, 1798, 
Died Mch. 3, 1880. 

JSniilf/, his wife. Born Apr. 29, 1807, 
Died Oct. 13, 1874. 

John E., Son of John S. & Emily 
Nichols, Died Oct. 15, 1873, M. 33 
Yrs. & 6 mos. 

He will not return to us but we must soon 
follow him. 

Joseph B. Nichols died July 18, 
1850, yEl. 50. 

He shall return no more to his home, neither 
shall his place know him any more.— job 7th, 

Sylvia, Nichols f wife of Joseph B. 
Nichols, died Feb. 11,1850. JEt. 41 yrs. 
Dear friends weep not for me— 

Nor lay too much at heart 
But seek that blessed abode 
Where we shall never part. 

In memory of 
Marina Nichols, wife of John L. 

Nichols, who died Jan. 15. 1826, aged 

23 ycirs. 
Forgive blest shade the tributary tear. 

Ttiat mourns thy exit from a world like this, 
Forgive the wish that would have kept thee here 

And stayed thy progress to the realms of bliss. 

In memory of 

Maria Nichols, Daughter of J«ona- 

than & Bethia Nichols, who died 

Jany 3, 1806. aged 4 years & 5 mos. 

Those blessings which we highest prize 

Are soonest wasted from our eyes. 

Mary 3l€lissa, wife of William 
Nichols, died Feb. 27. 18^, Aged 33 
years. Also their infant son. 

In memory of 
Eiinna M., daughter of Charles & 
Eliza Osborn, who died August 22, 
1863, iE. 7 yrs. 5 mos. & 12 Days. 
Our Father in Heaven. 

Lewis N; Son of Charles & Eliza 
Osborn, died March 13, 1855, iE. z yr. 
& 4 mo. 

It died to sin, It died to cares 

Rut for a moment felt the rod. 

O mourner, such the Lord declares— 

Such are the children of our God. 

In memory of 
Silas O^orn, who died Jan. 22, 
1819, in t^c 44 year of his age. 

Laura, daughter of Silas & Anne 
Osborn, died June 15, 1817, aged 18 
" Remember now thy Creator In the days of 

thy youth." 

In memory of 

Mr. WiUiain Osborn, who died 

July 3i»*. A.D. 1809; Aged 71 years. 

Mrs. Mary Osborn, relict of Mr. 

William Osborn, died Feb. 10, 1814, 

^t. 74. 

In Memory of 
Minerva, wife of David Powell, who 
died Oct. i, 1846, JE. 46. 

In memory of 
James Howell, who died Jan. 23, 
1834, aged 85. 

In memory of 
Jemiiua, wife of James Rowel I, who 
died March 7, 1823, aged 68 years. 
Render behold, as you pais by, 

As you are now so once was I. 
As I am now you soon must be. 
Prepare for death and follow me. 

Ann Hi'becca, Wife of Ephraim L. 
Sanford, Died Mch. 8. 1861, M. 31 
yrs. 3 mos. & 18 days. 

WilHatn Henry, son of Rev. D. P, 
& E. B. Sanford, Died April 15, 1862, 
aged 15 days. 

Daniel Seeley Died June 14, 1852, 

In mrmory of 
Mrs. Ruth Seeley, wife of Daniel 

Seeley who died Feb. 22, 1845, aged 

67 yrs. 

Blessed are the dead who die In the Lord, 
from henceforth, yea saith the Spirit, that they 
may rest from their labors and their works do 
follow them. 

An Infant daughter of Daniel & 
Ruth Seeley, died Apr. 2, 1816, aged 
2 ds. 

Henry B. Seeley Died Oct. 27, 1849, 

aged 30 years. 
How loved, how valued once, avails thee not. 

Anna, wife of Aleiander Setch, Died 

Mar. S. 1873, aged 67 years. 
There is sweet rest In heaven. 


History of Stratford, 

Charity Sherman, wife of Austin 

Sherman, died May 7, 1850. aged 26 


Our life Is ever on the wing 

And death to ever nlch. 
The moment that our lives begin 
We all begin to die. 

In memory of 
David Sherman who died Oct. 30, 
1826, aged 71 years. 

In memory of 
Mabel, relict of David Sherman, who 
died March 4, 1829. aged 64 years. 

Of such Is the Iclngdom of heaven. 
Homer U., Son of Austin & Phebe 
Sherman. Died Jan. 8, 1850, i£. 2 
yrs. & 8 mo. 

Isaac Sherman Died May 25, 1866, 
aged 82 years & 6 mos. 

Mary, wife of Isaac Sherman, Died 
Dec. 12. 1852, i£. 64. 

Jietsey Morehouse, wife of Isaac 
Sherman, Died Oct. 4, 1871. JE. 78 
yrs. 8 mos. & 23 days. 

In memory of 
JTinman, son of Isaac & Mary Sher- 
man, who died Dec. 35, 1835, Ai» 19 
yrs. & 8 mo. 

Mrs. Hannah Stephens, wife of 
Mr. Weed Stephens, died August 6, 
1816, iCt. 45. 

In memory of 
Mr, Lyman Summers who died 
Feb. 6, A.D. 1816, in the 59 year of 
his age. 
Hlessed are the dead, yea saith the word, 
Tliat die in Christ the living I.ord ; 
And on the other side of death, 
Thus joyful spend their praising breath. 

In memory of 
Abigail Sunitners who died of the 
small pox Apr. 17, 1822. aged 63 years. 
And grateful title may I plead. 
For many a Icindly word and deed ; 
To bring my tribute to the grave, 
'Tis little but 'tis all I have. 

In memory of 
Francis W. Summers, Son of 

Stephen Sutnmers, who died of the 
small pox April 19, 1822, aged 4 
Farewell ! one moment let me spend. 

To deck thy hallowed clay, 
All fragrant buds, lilce thee, my child. 
Must quiclcly fade away. 

In memory of 
Mabel, wife of Zachariah Sumers, who 
died Nov. 23, 1819, in her 27 year. 

John J?, Taylor died April 21, 1856, 
Aged 68 years. 

Ira K., Son of John R. & Laon Tay- 
lor, die(| April 19. 1836, aged 8 jrears 
6 mo. & 6 ds. 

In memory of 
Amos T%iirrel who died June 11, 
1835. iE. 78 years. 

Elizabeth, wife of AmosTurrel. died 
Dec. 2. 1822, aged 72. 

In memory of 
Ephraifn Terrili who died Jan. 3, 

1 83-, aged 63. 

Deborah, wife of Ephraim Terrili, 
died Aug. 24. 1855, i£. 8a 

Widow Ann is Tyrrell died June 
4, 1850. JE. 72 yrs. 

Bennett TyrrM Died Mch. 2, 1873, 
iE. 73 yrs. I mo. 

Bozilla, his wife. Died Aug. 9, 1884. 
i£. 81 vrs. I mo. 4 dys. 
Their children rise op and call them bleased. 

Bertha Louisa, youngest daughter 
of John W. & Caroline Tyrrel, Died 
Aug. 17. 1872. aged 4 yrs. 

Darling Bertha sleep in Jesut. 

CJiarles TUf son of llcnry i^ Rachel 
Turney, Died Jan. 4, 1861. J^.20yrt, 

diaries Y. Tyrrel, Died Apr. ai. 

1884. i£. 48 Ys. 10 Ds. 

Where immorUl spirits reign. 
There we shall meet agmin. 

Edson Eugene Tyrrel Died Sept. 
21, 1868, i€. 25 yrs. & 7 mo. 

Dearest son thou hast left ut. 
And your loss we deeply feel. 

Emeline Tyrrel Died Jan. 6, 1866, 
aged 43 Yrs. & 2 Days. 

My dear Mother slee|)s In death. 

John M. Tyrrell Died May 20, 1881. 

jE. 49 Yrs. 

Mary, his wife. Died May 22. 1881. 

aged 34 yrs. 

Gone but not forgotten. 

Mary EstJier, daughter of Bennit & 
Kozilla Tyrrell, Died Nov. 9. 1855, 
jE. 9 yrs. 3 mo. & 20 ds. 
Sleep on dear Mary and take thy rest, 
God called thee home. He thought It best. 

Zaril J. Tyrrell Died Mar. 12. 1883, 

aged 52 yrs. Private of Co. D. isi 

Conn. Cavl. Regt. C. V. 
Abel Wahelee Died Mar. 12, 1858. 

iE. 29 yrs. 5 mos. & 24 Ds. 
Aaron Wahelee Died Aug. 21. 

1853, aged 42 yrs. 
CharlcH C. Wahelee died Aug. 9. 

1858, JE.. 32 yrs. & 3 ««os. 

Tashua Burying-place in TrumbulL 


Ephraiui Wakelee died June 22, 
1849, M. 76. 

Sat'ahf wife of Ephraim Wakelee, 
died Mar. 22, 1856, aged 80 years. 

Sarah A* Wakelee, died July 15, 
1877, iE. 78 yrs. 6 mo. 3 Days. 

Isaac IFakeiee Died Oci. 18. 1865, 
^. 88 yrs. & 9 Mo. 

Anna, wife of Isaac Wakelee Died 
Oci. 27, 1869, i£. 8r yrs. 6 mos. 

Anna Jane, Daughter of Isaac & 
Anii.1 Wakelee, Died May 20, 1861, 
JE.. 28 yrs. & 23 Ds. 

Peacefully, peacefully be thy rest, 
Happy spirit thou art blessed. 
Early called from earth, to dwell 

Happy spirit thou art blessed. 
Early called from earth, to dw 
Where Immortal praises swell. 

In memory of 

Lj/nian WaJcelee, who died Sept. 5, 
1854, iE. 57 years. 

In memory of 
Mary 3Iarlah, wife of layman 
Wakelee, who died June 9, 1841, aged 

Sarah R. Wakelee Died July 15, 
1877, iE. 78 yrs. 6 mos. & 3 Days. 

In memory of 
Samuel Wakelee, who died June 
6, 1823, aged 71 years. 

Eleanor, wife of Dciij. Ward, died 
Jan. 17, 1816. aged 22 yrs. Also her 
Infant inter'd by her side. 

In memory of 
Bet self ^» Wadkins, who died July 
2, 1844. aged 19 years. 

St. John 5 Chapter, a8 & ag verses. 

In memory of 
J^oUy Wadkins who died Dec. 16, 
1844, aged 45 years. 

Psalms 37, ft 37 verse. 

Aurelia Watlcins Died July 16, 

1842, ^. 21. 

Precious In the sight of the Lord is the death 
of his saints. 

In memory of 
Samuel Watkitis, who died Sept. 
29, 1823, aged 78 years. 

In memory of 
Hvldah Wfieeler, wife of Amos H, 
Wheeler, Esqr, who died Feb. 23, 
1834, ^. 5t yrs. 
Here sleeps our mother In the silent dust. 
Hy all our sorrows, all our love unmoved, 
Sleep till the solemn Summons of the Just 
Rids her awake to meet the God she loved. 

Isaac P. Wheeler, Born Sept. 27, 
1808. Died Feb. 25, 1884. 

In memory of 
Mr* Joseph Wheeler, who died 
Nov. 14, 1817. aged 46 years. 

Sarah, wife of Joseph Wheeler, died 
Oct. 26, 1819. aged 43 years 8 mo. & 
13 ds. 

WiUiam, son of Joseph & Sarah 
Wheeler, died Mar. 18, i8x8» aged 8 
years 7 mo. & 18 ds. 

Halsa* son of Joseph & Sarah Wheeler 
died Jan. 10, 1818, aged 6 years 6 mo. 
& 17 ds. 

I^orter WFieeler Died June 20, 1869, 
aged 61 yrs. & 2 mos. 


History of Stratford. 

Burying'Place at Gregory's Four Corners. 

Mr. IFiiiiam Morse died S«pt. i8. 
1815, in the 79 year of his age. 

Mrs. Mercy Morse, his wife, died 
Aug. 22, 1825. aged 80 years. 
The tweet remembraoce of the ja«t 
Shall flourish when they sleep in dusL 

In memory of 

Mr.'Josiah NicJiois, Who departed 

this Life Decern' 2*, 1773, Aged 49 


All liTiog morttls hear— 
This message to you Read : 

I warn you all to fear. 

The power that strikes you dead ; 

Prepare then ye. 

With all vour power. 

In every hour. 

Here lyes Buried the Body of 
Mr. Thotneis Curtiss, Who De- 
parted this life April y* 24*^, 1761, in 
y* 50'^ year of his age. 

In memory of 
Abigail Nlchi^Sf tvlfe of Daniel 
Nichols, who died Nov. 14^^, 1804, 
Aged 26 years. 

In memory of 
J'ttdson CurtisSf who departed this 
Life April 22. A.D. 1820, it. 79 yrs. 
& sds. 

Sarah, his wife, departed this life 
May 14, A.D. 1823, j£. 73 yrs. i mo. 
& 16 ds. 
O ye, whose cheek the tear of pitty sUlns, 
Draw near with pious reverence and attend : 
Here lie the loving mothers dear remains. 
The tender father, A the generous friend. 
The christian heart that felt no human woe. 
The dauntless heart that feared no human pride. 
The friend of man, to vice alone a foe. 
For even his failings leaned to virtue's side. 

Matthew HtibbeU died Apr. 10. 
1872, aged 67. 

Abigail, his wife, died Feb. 90^ i8is, 
aged 64. 

In memory of 
Miss Abiah Nichol, Yonngest 
daughter of Mr. Josiah Nichols, who 
departed this life May 12, 1786, in 
the 21*^ Year of her age. 
Tho' ffreedy worms devour my Ala, 

And gnaw my %rasUiig flesh, 

God shall raise my ' 
He'll dothe them all afresh. 

When God shall raise my boocs agaia. 

In memory of 
Mr. Josiah Hawkins Nichols, 

who depaned this life Dec. 11, 1794, 
in the 27 year of his age. 

In memory of 
Ezra French, who died Jan. 23, 
1823, in his 53 year. 

In memory of two infants, a son and 
a daughter of John & Emmaline Beach 
— the son died Feb. 17. 1823 ; 

Abegail died Dec. 17, 1824. 

Died Feb. 18. 1829. 
Davitl C, son of Philo & Hannah 
Bennett, aged 2 ys. 

In memory of 
Bobert French, who died Jaly 16, 
1841, aged 58. 

Hiith, wife of Robert French, died 
Apr. 27, 1850. aged 61 years. 

In memor)'of 
Sally Ann Curtis, wife of Abijah 
Curtis, who died May 21, 1800, ..£. 

Burying-place at Trumbull Center. 


Burying'Place at Trumbull Center. 

Abel S. Beach Died April 15, 1864 

Aged 81. 
roUy Ann Wife of Abel S. Beach 

Died Feb. 17, 1864, aged 78. 

In memory of 

Sorah Beach wife of Abel Beach 

who died May 8. 1826. in her 79 year. 

Beach. [A Monument.] 

Alfred Beach Died Dec. 9, 1849, 

Aged 73 yrs. 

Sibyl, His Wife. Died April 23. 1829, 
Aged 54 yrs. 

Betsy Ann, daughter of Charles & 
Elizabeth E. Beach died Aug. 9, 1848, 
Ai, 17 years. 

Bradford 8. Beach Died July 21, 
1866, Al, 21 yrs. & 8 mo. 

In memory of 
Daniel Beach who died March 30, 
1825, iE. 71 yrs. & 3 mo. Also, 

Comfee his wife, who died Feb. 21, 
1845, yE. 90 yrs. & 6 mo. 

In memory of 
JMv» Eleakini Beach who died Jan. 
16, 182 1, in the 70 yr. 

In memory of 
Abiah J f each, wife of Eliakim Beach 
who died Oct. 31, 1842, JE, 86 yrs. 

In memory of 
Eli B» Beach, who died March 24, 
1854. Aged 64 years. 

In memory of 
Jernsha Beach wife of Eli B. Beach 
who died Feb. 7, 1826, in hor 30 year. 

Elihu Beach, Esq. Died June 13, 
1865. aged 82. 

Bally, wife of Elihu Beach Esq. Died 
Apr. 22, 1870, aged 83 Yrt. 

In memory of 
Elijah Beach dnn^ Esq. who died 
Jan. 30, 1817, i£. 41. 

In memory of 
Elijah Beach who died Nov. i, 181 7 
aged 45 Years. 

In memory of 
BhebCf wife of Elijah Beach who died 
July 18, 1852, aged 80 years. 

El{jah Beach, son of Mr. Elijah & 
Mrs. Phebe Beach died March 7, 1800, 
aged I year & 14 days. 

In memory of 
Mary Ann daughter of Elijah & 
Phebe Beach who died Sept. 18, 1823, 
in her 20 year. 
Stop passing stranger drop a tear 

While you this oarksome dwelling view, 
Wake up your senses all to hear 
The warning voice which call to you. 

Elijah S. Beach Died May 11, 1869. 
Aged 60 years. 

There is rest for thee in Heaven. 

Lydia E. wife of Elijah S. Beach 
Died Sept. 20, 1870, Aged 57 years. 
Rest thee Mother, forever with Jesus, and 
loved ones, sweetly rest. 

Annie M. daughter of Elijah S. & 
Lydia E. Beach, Died Aug. 9, 1867 
Aged 26. 
. Annie's dying rcauest : 

** Young friends love Jesus.*' 

Mary Ann, daughter of Elijah S. & 
Lydia E. Beach died Jan. 24, 1839, 
aged 4 mos. & 14 days. 

Ernest, Son of William O. & Belle M. 
Beach Died May 10, 1883 ^.16 Days. 

Harriet A» wife of Prosper E. Beach, 
died Jan. 18, 1863, aged 24 yrs. & 2 

In memory of 
Miles Beach, who died Nov. 10, 1839, 
aged 26 yrs. 

In memory of 
Bhillij) Beacli who died July 12, 

1837, aged 47 yrs. 

Boast not thy self of to-morrow for thou 
knowest not what a day may bring forth. 

In memorvof 
Bebeceji Beach, wife of Mr. Everard 
Beach who departed this life Aug'^ 
I"* 1809 In the 51"^ year of her age. 

In memory of 
Bice E* Beach who died July 24, 
i860, JE, 80 yrs. 4 mos. & 28 Ds. 

In memory of 
Betsey Beach, wife of Rice E. Beach, 
who died Nov. 20, 1839, siged 53 yrs. 

In memorv of 
Z>r. Samuel Beach who (^'xtdi July 
2 AD. 1802 aged 21 years 11 months. 

Abraham Brinsniade Died July 
31, 1864 iE. 83 yrs. & 5 mos. 

Betsey wife of Abraham Brinsmade 
Died June 29, 1857, AL. 77 yrs. & 5 


History of Stratford. 

Benjamin F. BHnsmatle died 

Oct. 14. 1866. iE. 35 yrs. 

Franklin ! thou art gone to rest, 
Thine is an early tomb ; 
Jesus has summoned thee away, 
To thine eternal home. 

Federal Brinsmade Died Feb. 18, 
1868, Aged 79 yrs. & 7 mos. 
Farther thou has gooe to meet the loved ones 
gone before. 

Mrs. Eunice S. Brlnstnade, wife 
of Mr. Federal Brinsmade died Sept. 
7, 1813 ; in the 23 year of her age. 

Beiiance, wife of Federal Brinsmade. 

died Oct. 10, 1862, aged 69 yrs. & 9 


We love to think of thee Mother. 

Abigail, daughter of Federal & Reli- 

ance Brinsmade Died Aug. 31, 1846, 

JE, 22 yrs. 
Her God sustained her In her final hours 
Her final hours gave glory to her god. 

In memory of • 

Clarinda^ daughter of Federal & Re- 
liance Brinsmade who died Jan. 2, 
1827, aged 4 yrs. 4 mo*. 

Young children die 
And so must I. 

Emily C; daughter of Federal tS: Re. 

liance Brinsmade died Feb. 2f, T840 

aged II years. 

Here you behold an opening bud 

Just blooming Into day 
Laid low by death's resistless hand 

And turned to native clay. 

Theron K,, Son of Fedcr.1l & Reliance 
Brinsmade died Mar. 10, 183S, aged 3 
yrs. & 6 months. 

In memory of 
Clarinda, wife of Alden Burton who 
died Apr. 13, 1839. aged 38 yrs. 

In memory of 

Mr, Eli Burton who died May 26, 

1819, in the 47 year of his age. 
Farewell vain world and all below 
Where only pain and sorrow grow 
No more can thou allure my hart 
Nor cause my comforts to depart. 

Nancy wife of Eli Burton died June 
25, 1843, aged 62 yrs. 

Hai^^Het A,, wife of Benjamin Burton 
Died May 27, 1854, jE. 38. 

Mr* John Burton died Dec. 11, 
1813, in the 89 year of his age. 

In memory of 
LeuHs Burton Esq. who died July 
29, 1842, i£. 82 yr. & 3 mo. 

Anna Burton, wife of Lewis Burton 
Esq. died Apr. 21, 1840 aged 75. 


BoUin 8, Burton a member of Ca 
D 23<i Regt. C. V. Died while in the 
service of his country at New Orleans, 
La., June 30, 1863, aged 22 yrs. 
Here we have no continuinir 
City but we seek one to come. 

E. B. I. U. 

Alice wife of James R. Edwards Died 
Aug. 28, 1846, JE. 74 yri. & 4 mo«. 

Ephr€ii'in T. Edwards Died Mar. 
19, 1859 '^' 62* 

Lucretift 8* His Wife, [died] May 6. 

1875, i€. 78. 

In memory of 

Nehemiah B. Edwards who died 

September 27, 1851, aged 80 years. 

In memory of 
Abagail, wife of Nehemiah R. Ed- 
wards, who died March 13. 1821, aged 
47 years. 

In memory of 
Ahlgail 1\ Eilwards, wife of Nehe- 
miah R. Edwards, who died May 3, 
1852, aged 73 years. 

Edwards. [A Monumbnt.] 
South Sid*. 

Wilbur 8. Eilwards Died May 9. 
1868, Aged 19 yrs. 

Orvill B. Etlwards Died Sept. 10, 
1868, Aged 13 yrs. & 3 mos. 

NortA SMt, 
Einnina N. Edwards Died Apr. 
28, 1872, Aged 20 yrs. & 7 mos. 

Jonathan Gould Died Mar. 20, 

1863. Ai. 72. 

For if we believe that Jesus died and rose 
again even so them also which sleep in Jesui 
will God bring with him. 

Sally, wife of Jonathan Gould Died 

Dec. 22, 1855. jE. 61. 

I looked and behold a door was opened in 
heaven and the first voice which I heard was as 
it were of a trumpet, talking with me which 
said come up higher. 

Folly B., daughter of Jonathan & 
Sally Gould and wife of'^ Lorenzo B. 
Gould, Died Sept. 20, 1866, JE. 42 yrs. 
Yet again we hope to meet thee. 
When the day of life is fled. 
Then in heaven with jo]r to greet thee. 
Where no farewell tear b shed. 

Father & Mother. 
Czar Jlawley Died Nov. 9, 1845 
aged 47 yrs. 

Maria, His wife Died Feb. 25, 1884, 

aged 81 yrs. 

Burying-place at Trumbull Center. 


In memory of 
Mftry JSlfzabeth, daughter of AU 
frcd Sc Mary Hawle)% who died April 
10, 185X, aged 7 years. 

IFilliatn A. son of Plum & Nancy 

Hoyt. died Apr. 27, iS52» i£t. I yr. 6 

mo. & 10 davs. 

Wc love thee. 

JDelia wife of Alanson Hubbell, Died 
Dec. II, 1877, aged 66 years & 6 

We miss thee dearest mother. 

Delia AnUf daughter of Lanson & 
Delia Hubbell died Dec. 15. 1862.^. 


"Sorrow endureih for a night 
but joy Cometh In the morning.'* 

Elizahethf daughter of Zalmon & 
Laura Hubbell, died Sept. 20, 1822, 
aged 2 years. 

Dea. Andrew JU Nichols Died 
Aug. 25. 1880, aged 63 yrs. 
Ills works do follow him. 

JEsfella v., daughter of Andrew & 
Mary Nichols, died Feb. 10, 1852, ^. 
7 years. 

Thy Savior called thee home. 

Edward IF.^ Son of Andrew B. & 
Mary Nichols, Died Aug. 23, 1863, i£. 
9 yrs. & 3 mo. 

In memory of 
Cf/l*fi8 Nichols, son of Mr. Philo & 
Mrs. Caty Nichols, who was unfortu- 
nately drowned in Stratford Harbour 
Sept. 12, 1818 aged 18 years. 

In memory of 
Copt, Daviil Nicliols who died 
Feb. 25, 1823, aged 81 years 5 months. 

In memory of 
Mrsh JIantuth NichoHs wife of 
Capt. David Nichols \v\\o died Feb. 
15, 1818 in the 76 year of her age. 
Nichols. [A Monumbnt.1 

David V» Nichols Died Apr. 2, 1878, 
aged 63 years. 

Hobart L, Nichols Died Oct. 26, 
1880. aged 34 yrs. 

LfUu liertha. Daughter of Austin & 
Hattic Nichols, Died Jan. 2, 1881, 
aged I yr. 25 ds. 

In memory of 
Mr, James NichotSf who departed 
this life Nov. 23, 1824, in his 82 year. 

Mrs, VhebCf wife of Mr. James Nich- 
ols, died July 5, 1820, in her 80 year. 

lAille Louis, Son of Plumb B. & 
Esther E. Nichols, Died Sept. 27, 1873 
aged 14 ds. 


In memory of 
Lucious Nichols, son of David Nich- 
ols Junr. who died May 10, 181 1, in 
the 15*^ year of his age. 

In memory of 
Nathan NicJwls, who died May 3i«* 
181 1, aged 64 years. 

rhebe, wife of Nathan Nichols, who 
died Sept. 17, 1822, Mi, 77 yrs. 

Nathan IK, Nichols Died March 
30, 1846, aged 74 years. 

Mart/, wife of Nathan H. Nichols, 
died Dec. 13, 1862, M. 92. 

In memory of 
JDea. rhUo Nichols who died Oct. 
15, 1844, aged 79 years. 

In memory of 
Catif, wife of Dea. Philo Nichols who 
diecf Feb. 4, 1857, aged 89 years. 

Uoswell S, Nichols Died Mar. z6, 
1873, JE. 63 Yrs. 

Silas Nichols, Died March 5, 1854, 
M. 81. 

Once was I bright and early 

To the summer sun, 

Now my days are ended 

And this cold grave must be my home. 

In Memory of 

roily H, Nichols, wife of Silas 

Nichols who died March 1849, ^S^^ 

69 yrs. 

This stone is erected by her Brother Eben 

In memory of 
Hannah, wife of Silas Nichols who 
died April 7, 1832, JE, 54 yrs. 

In Memory of 
Anna wife of Jacob Pardee, who died 
Dec. 10, 1 85 1, aged 78 years. 

Alnion E, IHunib 

Betsy Ann JPlunib, his wife 

Birdsey B, Plumb 

Eineline IHunib, his wife 

Charles E, IHnmb died Oct. 29, 
1863, JE. 4 years, 6 mos. 

Howard E, Died Mar. 29, 1870, 
Aged 2 mo. 

Charles E. JPlunih, Lieut, of Co. 
D. 23d Regt. Conn. Volunteers, who 
went forth at the call of his country, 
to help suppress the Southern Rebel* 
lion, and died at home June 24, 1863, 
Aged 21 Years. 


History of Stratford. 

[a monumknt.] 
JS/< riumb Died Oct. 14, 1865, aged 

88 yrs. 
Betsey Tlunihf his wife. Died Jan. 

14* 1837. aged 59 yrs. 
rixiey J. riumh Died July 23. 

1826, aged 26 yrs. 

Betsey Ann JTiumb Died Jan. 27. 

1827, aged 16 yrs. 

Oeovye, son of Peter & Julia Ritchie, 
Died July 28, 1868, ^. 7 mo. 14 ds. 

In Memory of 
John F. Seeley, who died Jan. 15, 

1825, i£. 48 years. 
Beiihen If. Stienvood Died Aug. 

14, 1877, Aged 45. 
Abby B€>oih, wife of Rueben H. 

Sherwood, Died Nov. 7, 1870, Aged 


Stbrlsng. [a monument.] 

Ctiurles N, Ste^*ling Born May 10. 
1808, Died Aug. 7, 1877. 

S0uth Sidt, 
Bmily Tj. SterNngf Born Sept. 28, 
i860, Died July 20, 1884. 

Le Orand, son of George C. & M. 
P. Sterling, Born Sept. 30, 1875 ; 
Died July 20, 1876. 

Nathaniel Sterling died Oct. 18, 
1839, aged 68 years. 

I^hebe, wife of Nathaniel Sterling, 
Died Mar. 3, 1862. iE. 85. 

Bebecca eT"., \vife of Stephen U. Ster- 
ling. Died May 6. 1868. Aged 46 yrs. 
Wee mi» thee. 

Tait. [a monumknt.] 

Andrew Tait 

Isabella B. Tait, His Wife, died 
May 22, 1875, j£. 75 yrs. 

IsahelUi Tait, his daughter, died 

April II, 1851, JE, 20 yrs. 

Jatnes S* Tait, his son, died Jan. 
27, 1842, it. I Day. 

SamtA Sid*. 

Williinn Tait 

Grace Tait 

Amlretv Tait, His son, died June 
23, 1863. iE. 2 yrs. 

North Sid*. 

William F. Tait 

Mary E, Tait, his wife, died Feb. 3, 
1878, i£. 23 yrs. & 8 mos. 

In meniory of 
Mr, Ephrain^ Tnon^psoft, who 

died March 7^, 18 12, aged 65 years. 

In memory of 
Eunice, relict of Ephraim Thompson, 
who died Dec. 22, 1831, aged 82 years. 

Miss Btith Ann HiomjMSon, 

Daughter of Mr. Ephraim Thompson, 
died May 9. 1813, aged 23 years, & 
7 months. 
Death rent me from my mourning friend, 

Hope waft me to the sky. 
Like Kinics and Slaves 
Forgotten here to lie. 

Bomvetl Thorp Died Sept. 5, 187s. 
M, 66 yrs. 

Sally, wife of Roswell Thorp, died 
Oct. 19, 1852, iE. 56. 

In memory of 
Caty, adopted daughter of Roswell & 
Rosilla Thorp, who Died Nov. 25, 
1863, iE. 8 yrs. 

We lay thee In the silent Tomb, 

Sweet blossom of a day. 
We just bei^an to view thy bloom 
And 'flioa art called away. 

In memory of 
lAtcius Thorp who died June 8. 
1845, aged 33 yrs. 

In memory of 
Williain Thorp who died Oct. 16, 
1844, aged 21 yrs. 

In memory of 
Zopher Thorj^ who died Dec. i, 1843, 
M. 72 yrs. 

Eunice, wife of Zopher Thorp, Died 
Nov. 25, 1868, aged 95 yrs. 

In memory of 
Datiiel Ufford who died Sept. 11, 
1824, aged 85 years. Also of 

Mary, his wife, who died Aug. 27, 
1824, aged 80 years. 

In memory of 
T^oct, JDaniH Uffonl who died 
Nov. 30, 1832, aged 32 years & 8 

Thomas Ward Died July 30, 1838, 
jE. 85 yrs. 

Anna, His wife, Died Nov. 4, 1S65. 
jE. 96 yrs. 4 mos. 

In memory of 
Comfee, widow of Caleb Wheeler, 
who died April 18, 1846, aged 67 



For twenty years or more the people of North Stratford 
Society sought to become a township with full civil authority, 
but did not succeed until 1797. 

An A€t incorporating the town of Trumbull ^ passed October ^ ^797* 

"Resolved by this Assembly^' That the description bf that part of said town of 
Stratford which follows, shall be and the same is hereby incorporated into a 
distinct town, viz: begining at the southwest corner boundary of the town of 
Huntington, lying southerly of Booth's hill, and running from thence in the line 
of said Huntington to Weston line, and thence southerly in said Weston line 
until it intersects the dividing line between said society of North-Stratford and 
the society of Stratlield, and thenCe in the dividing line of said Stratfield and 
North-Stratford, until it comes to the dividing line between said Stratfield and the 
first or old society in said Stratford, and from thence in said dividing line to 
Huntington line, thence in Huntington line to the place begun at ; and the fore- 
going part of said town of Stratford shall forever hereafter be a distinct town, 
known and called by the name of * Trumbull* the inhabitants of which shall enjoy 
all powers, privileges, immunities and franchises which the inhabitants of other 
towns in this State enjoy, except that said town shall never send more than one 
Representative to the General Assembly at any one session of Assembly."^* 

May 1798. 
Oct. 1798. 
May 1799. 
Oct. 1799. 
May 1800. 
Oct. 1800. 
May 1801. 
Oct. 1801. 
May 1802. 
Oct. 1802. 
May 1803. 
Oct. 1803. 
May 1804. 
Oct. 1804. 
May 1805. 
Oct. 1805. 
May 1806. 
Oct. 1806. 
May 1807. 
May 1807. 
Oct. 1807. 
Oct. 1807. 
May 1808. 

Represnttatives from 

Mr. Edmund Curtiss. 
Mr. Judson Curtiss, Jr. 
Mr. Stephen Beardslcy. 
Mr. James Beardsley. 
Mr. James Beardslie. 
Mr. Nath'l J. Burton. 
Mr. Nath'l I. Burton. 
Mr. Hezekiah Curtis. 
Mr. James Beardsley. 
Mr. S. Middlcbrooks. 
Mr. Benjamin Burton. 
Mr. S. Middiebrook. 
Mr. Stephen Beardsley. 
Mr. James Beardsley. 
Ebenezer Wheeler. 
David Beardsley. 
Stephen Middiebrook. 
Philo Booth. 
Stephen Beardsley. 
Jeremiah Osborn. 
David Beardsley. 
Salmon Sherwood. 
Ebenezer Wheeler. 


Oct. 1808. 
May 1809. 
May 1809. 
Oct. 1809. 
May 1 8 10. 
Oct. 1810. 
May 1811. 
Oct. 1811. 
May 1812. 
Oct. x8i2. 
May 1813. 
Oct. 1813. 
May 1814. 
Oct. 1814. 
May 1815. 
Oct. 1815. 
May 1816. 
Oct. 1816. 
May 1817. 
Oct. 1817. 
May 1818. 
Oct. 1818. 
May 1819. 

James Beardsley. 
Abijah UfToot. 
Joseph Bennett. 
Stephen Beardsley. 
Daniel Wakelee. 
Jabez Beach. 
Stephen Beardslee. 
James Beardslee. 
Jabez Beach. 
David Booth, Jr. 
Daniel Wakely. 
Samuel Gregory. 
Amos H. Wheeler. 
James Beardsley. 
Stephen Middiebrook. 
David Beebe. 
Jonathan Beers, Jr. 
Amos H. Wheeler. 
Isaac Booth. 
Ebenezer Wheeler. 
Daniel Seeley. 
Lewis Fairchild. 
Samuel Gregory* 

'• Connecticut Priv.itc Acts, 1190. 


History of Stratford. 

1820. David Beebe. 

Z821. Eli Edwards. 

182a. Elijah Middlebrook. 

1823. Isaac Booth. 

1824. Elijah Middlebrook. 

1825. Nehemiah R. Edwards. 

1826. Stephen Gregory. 

1827. Robert Middlebrook. 

1828. Eben Fairchitd. 

1829. Samuel Beardsiey, 

1830. David Curtiss. 

1831. Samuel Beardslee. 

1832. Rice E. Beach. 

1833. . Robert Middlebrook. 

1834. Isaiah Peet. 

1835. Ephraim W. Beach. 

1836. Joshua L. NichoUs. 

1837. Samuel Edwards. 

1838. Stephen Middlebrook. 

1839. Francis Beach. 

1840. Eli Brinsroade. 

1841. Abel Mallett. 

1842. George Dyer. 

1843. Walker Wheeler. 

1844. Ephraim Middlebrook. 
184s. Ephriani T. Edwards. 

1846. David Hawley. 

1847. Plumb N. Fairchild. 

1848. Miles Beardslee. 

1849. Franklin P. Ambler. 

1850. John C. Mallett. 

851. David B. Hinman. 

852. William Squire. 

853. Ebenezer Wheeler. 

854. Daniel Fairchild. 
85s. Burr Watkins. 

856. Elem Hawley. 

857. L. W. Clark. 

858. Edwards Beach. 

859. F. P. Ambler, Jr. 

860. Daniel Curtiss. 

861. LeGrand G. Beers. 

862. Isaac E. Booth. 

863. Lucius B. Burroughs. 

864. Charles Ambler. 

865. Sam'l G. Beardsiey. 

866. C. W. Blakman. 

867. Morse D. Mallett. 

868. Albert S. Coan. 

869. Sherman French, 2d. 

870. Geo. B. Ambler. 

871. S. H. Burroughs. 

872. Abel S. Beach. 

873. Aaron B. Mallett. 

874. George E. Peet. 

875. John U. Beach. 

876. Charles N. Fairchild. 

877. Stephen G. Nichols. 

878. William Miles Ufford. 

879. Elliot M. Beardsiey. 

880. Ormel Hall. 

881. Seth Hill. 

JPhysiclans in Trumbull were not many during the first 
seventy-five years after its settlement. The first was the Rev. 
Richardson Miner, the pastor of the church of Unity. He 
was a remarkably acceptable physician, and often baptized 
children the same day they were born. His practice, appar- 
ently, extended from 1730 to 1744, when, while on his journey 
to England for Episcopal ordination, he died. 

The next in the then North Stratford society appears to 
have been Stephen Middlebrook, father of Doct. Elijah Mid- 
dlebrook. The latter, famous as the publisher of the " Middle- 
brook Almanac," was in active practice here about half a 
century. Among others who practiced here were Daniel 
Beard,, Isaac Jennings, Daniel Ufford, and George Dyer. 
The resident physician of the town at present is Doct. Seth 
Hill, of Tashua. 

Trumbull, 1049 

NlchoW FarniSf czWtA at first — 190 years ago — "Old 
Farm," is located in the southeast corner of the town of 
Trumbull, where the first land laid out was surveyed to 
individuals about 1670; to Richard Booth a little before, to 
Isaac Nichols in 1671, twelve acres, and to Caleb Nichols in 
1674." The highway to Nichols* Farms was laid out in 1696, 
at which time there seems to have been no one residing at 
that place, but the road was called the "Farm Highway," 
and the place the " Captain's Farm,**" but who the captain 
was that cleared and cultivated that first farm is not yet 

The farmers of that part of the town built their residences 
along the highways in a village, while their farms extended 
east and west to a ponsiderable distance, sometimes a mile. 

The Nichols families were prominent, with the Curtisses, 
Booths, Beardsleys and Fairchilds and others. The Booths, 
Hawleys and Hinmans were more of them in the valley west, 
called White Plain. The Beach families were prominent in 
the southeast part of the society and town and the Brinsmades 
in the northern part. 

About 181 5 Reuben and Eben Fairchild commenced the 
manufacture of saddle-trees to a small extent, supplying the 
home demand at Bridgeport. In 1822 they secured the aid 
of Franklin P. Ambler as superintendent of their manufactur- 
ing business, and in 1825 Mr. Ambler became partner in the 
business, as also Isaiah Peet, which firm continued until 1844, 
when Mr. Ambler bought the concern and conducted it in 

'* *' 1674. Caleb Nichols hath as woods division lying beyond Mishua hill 
seventy two acres of upland, bounded with Richard Booth to y* south, John Peak 
[Peat] to y* north, east and west with commons." 

" ** Dec. 7, 1696. There is a highway laid out by the present selectmen 
running out of the north end of the town called the farm Highway running noth* 
erty into y* woods being laid out from y* town as farr as y* brook y^ runs on the 
south end of Misha hill, being full eight rods wide til it comes to y* extent of three 
miles bounds & is bounded at its entrance out of y* two' miles commons over 
nesumpaws Creek with y* land of Benjamin Curtiss on the northeast side & with 
y* land of Joseph Booth on the southwest side & soe bounded in several places 
with stones on both sides the said highway, with stones at the second hill at 
Pekekemut brook— the highway is twelve rods wide til it comes to Mlsha hill, & 
at Zechariah Curtiss his land & at Capt. farm, &c." (Land Rec. B. II, Part I, 218). 
— B. Q., Pan I, 218. 

lOSO History of Stratford. 

partnership with his three sons. He bought land and built 
the present factories, except the enlargements which were 
needed as the business increased. He purchased of Philo 
Lord the house now owned and occupied by his g^ndson, 
Mr. Richard C. Ambler, which he enlarged, remodeled and 
made it his home with his most noble and valued wife. His 
children settled in homes in that immediate vicinity, and with 
the busy life of the prosperous manufacturing the place 
became a stirring village, and for a time was popularly called 

The saddle-tree business began in a small way, Eben 
Fairchild, a son of Lewis, born in 1784, learned the cabinet 
makers trade, and was an ingenius man. He took apart an 
old saddle-tree, made one like it, then a dozen, had them 
ironed and sold them in New York. He made more and sold 
them in the same way ; then secured as partner Isaiah Peet, 
the blacksmith, to do the ironing. In 1844 F. P. Ambler 
bought the business and with his sons conducted a large and 
profitable business until the end of the war of the rebellion, 
when the business began to diminish, and is now small in 

Franklin JP. Ambler was born in Danbury, June 3, 
1797, and was descended from Richard Ambler, who was 
born in Somersetshire, England, in 161 1. His father, 'Squire 
Ambler, served in the Revolutionary war, and was still with 
his command at Yorktown at the surrender of Cornwallis. 

Franklin P. served his time with a Mr. Hull, of Danbury, 
in the saddle-tree trade, then he went to New York as an 
employee in the tree-factory of Benjamin Stiles. Later he 
came to Derby, Conn., where he was employed in the factory 
of Mr. Chatfield. Here he met and married Eliza, the daugh- 
ter of Jared Bartholomew, in 1819, and three years later came 
to Nichols* Farms and followed his trade with success as 
above described. 

John Seardsley was the village chair maker in Nichols* 
Farms many years ago. His shop stood near his house, in 
the field opposite the house of Mrs. Shelton Nichols. His 
son James continued the business in later years quite exten- 

Trumbull. 105 1 

sively, employing several workmen, besides apprentices. He 
afterwards went to Newark, N, J., with Eli Edwards and 
established the first saddle-tree factory in that city. 

Carriage building has been another of the village manu- 
facturing interests. The firm of Nichols, Peck and Company 
conducted for several years an extensive business, as may be 
seen in the sketches below of Hezekiah and George H. Nich- 
ols. The business at present is conducted by David and 
Carlos Nichols. 

Abraham Nichols^ son of Caleb and Anna (Ward) 
Nichols, and grandson of Francis, the first at Stratford, was 
born in 1662, and was a lateral descendant of Sir Richard 
Nicolls, the first governor of New York. Abraham Nichols' 
first cousin married the Rev. Israel Chauncey, one of the 
founders of Yale College, and son of Charles Chauncey, the 
second president of Harvard College. The Rev. Israel 
Chauncey's nephew, Nathaniel, being the first graduate of 
Yale College. Abraham Nichols was born in Stratford in 
1662 and probably went to Woodbury with his father about 
1690, returning to take charge of the land left at Old Farm 
and in Stratford by his father. Inheriting a proprietary 
right in the township, he probably located the divisions 
which were made to his right after 1687 ^^ Old Farm, and , 
thus became possessed of a large land property. In Decem- 
ber, 1684, he married Rachel Kellogg, of Norwalk, and may 
have resided a short time soon after at Old Farm, but of it 
there is no certainty at present. 

Capt. Josejyh NicholSf son of Abraham and Rachel 
(Kellogg) Nichols, was born September 21, 1685. His cousin, 
the Rev. James Nichols, was the last candidate who went to 
Scotland for Orders in the Episcopal Church, and is supposed ' 
to be one of the convocation which met to take measures 
which led to the appointment of Bishop Scabury. 

Capt. Joseph Nichols was a prominent citizen, a captain 
of the train-band or military company, and one of the fifteen 
men who first constituted the church of Unity, now Trumbull, 
in 1730. Four of the fifteen were Nichols, namely : Abraham 
Nichols, Joseph Nichols, Daniel Nichols and Abraham Nich* 

1052 History of Stratford. 

ols, Jr. In December, 1704, Joseph Nichols, being nineteen 
years of age, married Mary Curtiss, whose family had lands 
adjoining the Nichols homestead in Unity. In May, 1726, he 
" was made Lieutenant of the company or train band of the 
parish of Unity," and in May, 1738, he was made "Captain of 
the 4^ company or train band in the town of Stratford," 
which was the Unity company. He died in 1742, aged 57 

Hezekiah Nicli4jilSf^ son of Andrew Nichols, was born 
at Nichols' Farms and succeeded to the old Nichols' houses 
at the '' head of the Farm," and a goodly portion of the estate. 
He married Prudence Polly Shelton, cousin to the Rev. Philo 
Shelton, the first Episcopal clergyman ordained in America, 
the marriage ceremony being performed by the Rev. Ashbel 
Baldwin, one of the four clergymen of Bishop Seabury's first 
ordination class. Hezekiah Nichols was first cousin to the 
Rev. Philo Shelton; Lucy Nichols, the wife of the latter, 
being a distant relative. Hezekiah Nichols became a mem- 
ber of the Congregational Church of Trumbull, but his second 
wife, Avis Peet, retained for many years her fondness for the 
Episcopal Church, in which she was born and reared, and the 
Rev. Mr. Rutledge, rector of Christ Church, Stratford, held 
n^ission services in the " north and south rooms" of Hezekiah 
Nichols' house at Nichols' Farms, which aided in preparing 
the way for the present Trinity parish of that place. Heze- 
kiah Nichols was connected by marriage with the Rev. E. 
Edwards Beardsley, D.D., LL.D., the historian of the Episco- 
pal Church, Connecticut. At the time of Mr. Nichols' death 
his estate, in addition to tracts of land in Stratford and Hunt- 
ington, extended from Huntington turnpike to Bear swamp 
road, a distance of nearly a mile. The greater portion of his 
lands at Nichols' Farms is now in possession of his eldest son, 
William Grandison Nichols. 

Oearge Kneeland Nichols, the great grandson of Capt 
Joseph Nichols and son of Hezekiah Nichols and Avis Peet, 
was born in the old Nichols house at Nichols' Farms, January 
23, 1 8 18. He married Armina deLyon Seeley, eldest daughter 

" From Manuscript of C. W. deLyon Nichols, by permission. 

Trumbull. io53 


of Munson Seeley, formerly of Easton, Conn., descended from 
John deLyon and the Earls of Strathmore and Kinghorn. 
Mrs. Nichols, through both of her grandmothers, who were 
cousins, is a lineal descendant of Lady Jane Stuart. On her 
father's side she is in direct line from Col. Seeley,.who held 
the military occupancy of Long Island under the British 
crown. She is distantly related to ex-Governor Seeley, of 
New Jersey, and through the Osborne-Seeleys connected 
with Albert Bierstadt, the celebrated painter. 

With the patrimony inherited from tlie Nichols estate, 
George R. Nichols embarked with his brother, David Stiles 
Nichols, in the manufacture of coaches at Nichols' Farms, 
their business relations being mostly with Texas and the 
Southern States. David S. Nichols was succeeded by James 
K. Nichols, a brother of George K. Nichols, and who married 
Elizabeth Seeley, the sister of Mrs. George K. Nichols. The 
firm of Nichols and Brother, whose business was of large 
proportions and of wide repute, encountered heavy losses in 
the war of the rebellion. Before the war Mr. George K. 
Nichols, who had successfully conducted a carriage repository 
in Broadway, New York, in the interest of the firm, had to 
return to Nichols* Farms to help supply the demand for car- 
riages from the South. The Mexican coaches made by the 
firm were of high repute. 

After the financial losses at the outbreak of the war, the 
business was revived on a much smaller scale, the present 
stock company being formed under the name of Nichols, Peck 
and Company, but Mr. Peck soon died, since which time the 
business has been chiefly owned by the Nichols brothers. In 
1862 George K. Nichols went to Rochester, N. Y., remaining 
through the war in charge of the repository of the firm in 
that city, and while there was president of a paint manufac- 
turing company formed in that city. Nichols, Peck and 
Company had all along received orders for carriages from 
Australia, and a large and lucrative trade with that country 
ensued for years. In 1873 the Nichols Brothers removed 
their business to Bridgeport, of which city Mr. George K. 
Nichols remains a resident. His brother, James K. Nichols, 
died about 1883, ^"d since then the business has been chiefly 


1054 ^^^e History of Stratford. 

owned and managed by Mr. George R. NichoU, the trade 
being almost exclusively with New York City. Mr. Nichols 
was in fojlnier' years somewhat active in gold and silver 
mining stocks, and also in the invention of a spring perch for 
carriages.. ' 

Thi children of George K. and Armina (Seeley) Nichols 
are: Charles Wilbur dcLyon Nichols and Lavinia Armina 
Nichols; the latter deceased in 1872. 

THnitp Church at Nichols' Farms in Trumbul!, was 
organized September 30, 1848, by the election of the follow- 
ing officers:. Senior Warden, Prosper Nichols; Junior War- 
den, Charles E. Booth; Vestrymen, David Curtis, Lewis B. 
Curtis, John H. Pardee, John'C. Beardslee, Andrew Clark, 
James R. Curtis, George E. Peet ; Clerk, L. B. Curtis ; Treas- 
urer, David Curtis. A meeting was held at the house of 
David Curtis, March 8, 1856, and tit this meeting Prosper 
Nichols was appointed a committee to give the Rev. Collis 
I. Potter a call to preach in Trinity Church one year, one- 
half of the time. It was also voted to pay quarterly the 
salary of one hundred and fifty dollars, and on May 30, 1857, 
it was ordered to have a tea-party in order to raise twenty- 
five dollars in addition, to enable the society to pay Mr. 
Potter 1175. 

The rectors of Trinity parish have been the Rev. I. N. 
Marvins, who held services in the parish for some time before 
a rector was regularly called; the Rev. Collis I. Potter, the 
Rev. Luther Gregory, the Rev. Charles H. W. Stocking, the 
Rev. Charles Husband, the Rev. J. H. H. DeMille, the Rev. 
Dexter S. Lounsbury, the Rev. George P. Torrence, 

The parish united with Huntington during the rectorship 
of Mr. Gregory, and with Ansonia during that of Mr. Stock- 
ing, which was the most flourishing period of the history of 
the parish. Mr. Lounsbury served not only the parish of 
Nichols' Farms, but held service as assistant in the Coit 
Memorial Chapel, in West Stratford, and in the Church of 
the Nativity, North Bridgeport. He was an earnest worker; 
was held in high esteem, and had resigned his rectorship and 
accepted a call to Christ Church, Stratford, only a few months 
previous to his distressing death, which was caused by a 

Trumbull. 1055 

pistol ball from the hand of his wife, who shot him while he 
was sleeping. She was declared by legal authority to be 
insane. During the rectorships of the Revs. Charles Husband, 
J. H. H. DeMillc, and the present rector, George P. Torrence, 
the parish has united with Grace Church at Long Hill. 

Tlie Methodist JSpiacopal Class of Nichols' Farms was 
continued some years in connection with the Stratford M. E* 
Church. Efforts began in 1847 for building a house of wor- 
ship, and the Rev. J. H. Frost, preacher in charge of the 
Stratford church, appointed a board of trustees for the Nich- 
ols' Farms class, as follows: George Nichols, William G. 
Nichols, Ira Curtis, David Nichols, E. F. Andrews, James K. 
Nichols, and Elliot P. Curtis. The building committee were 
Samuel E. Hurd, George Nichols, and William Grandison 
Nichols. The house being completed was dedicated Decem- 
ber 12, 1848, the Rev. Charles Pitman, D.D., of Ne>y York, 
preached the sermon on the occasion. The Rev. J. M. Oak- 
ley, a local preacher, was placed in charge of the society, as 
pastor, and he was followed by Rev. Monson Seeley. He 
was succeeded by the Rev. O. Sykes and the Rev. Lewis 
Penfield. In 1849 ^'^^ Rev. S. P. Perry, a local preacher, 
took the place of Mr. Sykes. The society increased rapidly 
under his labors, and a class was formed at Booth's Hill. He 
was followed by the Rev. Mr. Worth, Rev. G. Waterbury, 
Rev. P. Chamberlain, and Rev. G. Hubbell. In 1857 Rev. 
Samuel C. Keeler was appointed here by the Presiding Elder, 
and during his administration the house was injured by light- 
ning, and in repairing it an addition to its size was made. 
The successors in the pastorate to Mr. Keeler, have been: 
Revs. David Osborn, John L. Peck, Robert S. Mathison, 
Thomas R. Laine, A. B. Pulling, D. S. Stevens, H. Scofield, 
William T. Gilbert, William H. Stebbins. 

There was a society of Methodists formed in the northern 
part of the town of Trumbull, probably, just before the year 
1800, and sometime afterward a house of worship built, at a 
place called Daniel's Farms. It was at that place, probably, 
where the following persons united, with others, in church 
fellowship, these certificates having been recorded in the 
ecclesiastical society book of North Stratford. 


History of Stratford. 

March 31, 1794. Widow Sarah Beach certified to the 
North Stratford parish that she had " put herself under the 
care of the Methodist Church of North Stratford/' and 
refused to pay ministers' rates to any other church. 

April 7, 1812. Nathaniel Beach, Jr., of Trumbull, joined 
the Methodist society. 

Sept. 17, i8i6. James Beers gave notice that he should 
support the Methodist society. 

Old Burial-place at Nichols' Fartns^ established in 1806. 

Frances Am^ia, daughter of Ezra 

& Amelia Andrews, died Sept. 13, 

1847. ^* 5 mos. & 18 ds. 
Weep not food parents tho' the duet, 
Ii on this form so fair 
Look upward fix on heaven thy trust 
She waiteth for you there. 

In memory of 
Andrew Beardslee, who died May 
26, 1834, JE, to years. 

MarUf wife of Andrew Beardsley and 
mother of Permelia, Daniel U., Cor- 

• nelia. David N., Tohn C, & Mary 
Beaidsley, died May I, 1864, M. 81 
yrs. & 8 mos. 

Cfn^ielia, daughter of Mr. Andrew 
& Mary Beardsie)*, died Sept. 18, 
1818, aged 10 years & 4 mo. 
Behold and see as you pass by 
As you are now so once was 1, 
As I am now so you must be 
Prepare for deatli and follow me. 

Jfttlildhf widow of Chauncey Beards- 
ley, died June 27, 1856, Aged loi years 
& 4 mos. 

In memory of 
Mr, John Beardslee, who died 
Dec. 29, 181 5, aged 80 years. 

In memory of 
Jiachel, relict of John Beardslee, who 
died Feb. 17, 1821, aged 80 years. 

Hetty, (heir daughter died Sept. 22, 
^793. 3&cd 10 years. 

In memory of 
Robert Beardslee, who died May 
7. 1835, aged 43 years. 

Robert C Beardslee, a revolution- 
ary soldier, died Mar. 27, 1815, aged 
60 yrs. 

Zievi Beardslee, his son, died June 
15. 1831, aged 52 yrs. 

Theotiore B, died Sept. 2, 1835, iE. 
I yr. & 6 mos. 

Margaret, died Oct. 2, 1835, ^^ 3 
yrs. & 9 mo. Son & daughter of 
Jason & Esther Beers. 

In memory of 
Detu^ Ephraim Booth, who died 
March 28, 1796, JE, 78. 

Sarah, his wife, died Sept. 27, 1750, 
iE. 28. 

Ph^e, his 2d wife, died July 21, 1788, 
yK. 59. 

In memory of 
JE>phraini Booths who died May 30, 
1801), aged 64 years & 8 mos. 

Jane, wife of Henry Burton, Died 
Mar. 22, 1849, i£. 60. 

In memory of 
Mary Ann, daughter of Isaac k Sally 
Burritt, who died Aug. 11, 1839, Aged 
14 yrs. 

Oh think on me as you pass by 

you must bo 
Prepare for death & follow me. 

As you are now so once was 
As I am now so you must bo 

In memory of 
Abiah Cnrtis, wife of Elijah E. 
Curtis, who died Dec. 6, 1835, aged 
56 years. 

In memory of 
Antlretv Cnrtis, who died Nov. 5, 
1834, AL. 77 yrs. 

In memory of 
Eunis OilHis, wife of Andrew Cur- 
tis, who died March 4, 1839, in the 69 
year of her age. 

ChatHty CuHlss, died March 25. 
1820, JE, 70. 

Caroline, daughter of Ira & Sally 
Curtiss, died Sept. 2, 1835, ^E. 10 
mos. & 5 ds. 

In memory of 
Daniel Curtis, who died April 27, 
1831, in the 77 year of his age. 

Old Burial-place at Nichols" Farms, 


In memory of 
HtUdah Curtis, who died May 7, 
1833, in the 74 year of her age. 

In memory of 
Ira Curtis, who died June ai, 1849 

JEtm 48* 

I hive fought ft good fight 
I hftve finished my course. 
I hftve kept the fftith. 

In memory of 
J>aniel Cnrtiss, . who died May 6, 
1843, aged 54 years. 

In memory of 
Evei*ard Curtiss, who died July 5, 
1845. M. 86. 

In memory of 
CUiry, wife of Everard Curtis, who 
died April 7, 1827. in her 56 year. 

In memory of 
Justus Curtiss, who died Aug. 10, 
1832, in the 53 year of his age. 
Why do we mourn for dying friends 

Or shake st deaths alftrmes 
'Tis but the voice that Jesus sends 
To call us to his anns. 

In memory of 
Jffenr// JB.« son of Justus B. & Huldah 
Curtiss, who died May 3. 1839, ^g^d 

19 years. 

In memory of 
Mr, MItchel Curtiss, who died 
August 15^**, 1808, ngcd 79 years. 

In memory of 
Mnuson E, Curtis, who died Dec. 
15, 1841, aged 30 years & 2 mos. 

In memory of 
Mr* ZecJiariah Curtiss, who died 
Feb. 4^i>, 1809, in the 55 year of his 

Mrs. Nainoni, his wife, died Dec. 
17*^, 1808, in the 53 year of her age. 

In memory of 
Alpby, daughter of Asa & Anna Dike- 
man. %vho died Mar. 28, 1836, in the 

20 year of her age. 

In memory of 
Eli Edwards, who died Jan. 2, 1827, 
aged 52 years. 

In mcmorv of 
Sarah, relict of Eli Edwards, who 
died Sept. 21, 1843, aged 66 years. 

Sarah C. Eflwards, wife of John 

H. Pardee, Died April 25, 1857, Aged 

47 Yrs. 

She always made home happy. 

In memory of 
Ira, son of Reuben & Anna Fairchild, 
who died March 15, 1827, in his 3 

In memory of 
Daniel FairclMd, Esq., who died 
May 9. 1 81 7, aged 87 years. 

In memory of 
tTuIia, daughter of Lewis & Patty 
Fairchild. who died March ao. 1838, 
in her 9 year. 

Legrand FairclMd, Born April i, 
1 81 2, Died Oct. 10, 1846. 

Col. Lewis Fairchild, Died March 
8, 1850. iE. 75 yrs. & 8 mos. 

Sarah, Daughter of Lewis & Mary 
Fairchild, who died June 30^, 1810, 
Aged 17 years & 10 months. 

In memory of 
Lewis Fairchild who died May 10, 
1 817. aged 71 years. 

In memory of 
Mary, relict of Lewis Fairchild, who 
diedjuly 11, 1831, aged 83 years. 

In memory of 
Martlia J'reiic/i, relict of Jeremiah 
French, who died Aug. 10, 1816, aged 
88 years. , 

Folly, wife of Zera Hamilton, died 
July 23, 1822, iE. 27. 

Abijah N, Hawley died June 13, 
1846, iE. 61. 

Thou nrt gone from us dear father, 
Thy voice no more wo hear. 
Thou hast lefl our kindred circle 
A brighter home to cheer. 

Huldah, wife of Abijah N. Hawley, 

died March 18. i8d6, iE. 51. 

In life she was a faithful A affectionate Daugh- 
ter, the fond A beloved Wlfe« A the kind A 
Indulgent Mother. In death she evinced the 
fortitude of the Christian and departed joyfully 
in hope of a glorias immortality. 

Jennett, daughter of Abijah N. & 
Huldah Hawley, died June 18, 1835, 
. aged 12 years & 8 mo. 

Look on dear youth A listen here, 
Here Is a lesson now for you 
And while you drop a silent tear, 
She calls to you, be ready now. 

In memory of 
Betsey Hawley, wife of Josiah 
Hawley, who died Sept. 23*, 1810, 
Aged 39 years. 

Betsey L,, daughter of Josiah Haw- 
Iry, died April 6, 1825, aged 23 years 
and II mos. 

In memory of 
3Ir. Eliakiui Hawley, who died 
S<:pi. 4, 1809, Aged 45. 

In memory of 
Sarah, former wife of Eliakim Haw- 
ley, Lnie wife of Isaac Nichols, who 
died Sept. 38, 1847, iE. 84. 


History of Stratford, 

In memory of 
Mobert E. Hawley who died Jan. 

7, 1833, -^. 71 y". 

In memory of 
Mary E. Hawley. VLtWa of Robert 

Hawley, who Died Sept. 30, 1845, iE. 

Jennette and Jolm. 

In memory of 
Jlfr8. Amelia JLacy who died Nov. 
25, A.D. i860, iC;. 55 yrs. 4 mo. & 9 ds. 

In memory of 
Mrs* Abiah Nichols, Relict of Mr. 
Andrew Nichols, who died April 8^, 
1808, aged 69 years. 

In memory of 
Avis Nichols, who died Sept. 27, 
1838, aged 50 years. 

Cotnfe Nichols, wife of Isaac 
Nichols, died July 3, 1812, aged 47. 

In memory of 

Jlezehiah Nichols, who died July 

15* 1835, i£. 1^4 years. 
Go home dear triendi dry up your tears, 
I mult He here till Chritt appeert. 
My debt la paid my grave you see, 
Prepare youraelves to follow me. 

In memory of 
JPrtidence Nichols, wife of Heze- 
kiah Nichols, who died Feb. 22, 1805, 
Aged 22 years. 

In memory of 
Isaac Nichols Who died Aug. 5, 
1840, Aged 79. 

In memory of 
Isaiah Nichols, Esq,, who died 
April 30, 1836, in the 45 year of his 

In memory of 
Mrs. Mai^y Anna Nichols, Wife 
of Mr. John Nichols, Who died May 
8, 181 1, in the 31 year of her age. 

In memory of 
Eobei't Nichols, who died April 12, 
1813, aged 49 years. 

In memory of 
tfoanna, wife of Robert Nichols, who 
died May 19, 1819, in her 51 year. 

Abraham Peet died Feb. 15, 1805, 
in his 54 year. 

Bcthiah, his wife, died Sept 12, 1826, 
in lier 77 year. 


Philo, their son, died Oct. 11, 1826, in 
his 47 year. 

In memory of 
Mr. Neliemiah Peei who died 
March 27, 1813, Aged 60 years. 

In memory of 
Mrs. Betsey Peet, wife of Mr. Nehe- 
miah Peet, who died Dec. 27, 1793. in 
the 35 year of her age. 

Nel$emiah X. Peet, their son, died 
Dec. 29**'. 1792. 

Solomen Peet, son of Nehemiah and 
Betsey Peet, died Dec. 14*^, 1803, in 
the 25**» year of his age. 

In memory of 
Basannah L. i'eee, wife of Isaiah 
Peet, who died Mar. 25, 1838, Aged 

In memory of 
Mr. David Plumb who died May 
31, 1813, aged 62 years. 

In memory of 
Marjf, relict of David Plumb, who 
died Aug. 10, 1833, aged 75 years. 

In memory of 
Elliot Plumb who died Feb. 13, 
1823, aged 35 years. • 

Alice, wife of Elliot Plumb, died Aug. 
12, 1847, iE. 57 Yrs. 

In memory of 
Joseph Plumb who died Nov. 7, 
1826, aged 71. 

Sybel, wife of Joseph Plumb, Died 
Feb. 12, 1834, -«^. 78. 

A tribute to the memory of 
BenJ. J. Bedman Who died May 
5, 1861, JE. 67. 

A tribute to the memory of 
Eleanor, Wife of Benj. I. Redman, 
Who died Oct. 25, 1845, -*. 52. 

In memory of 
Beuben P. Seeley, who died March 
28t^ 1806, in the 26»>» year of his age. 

3linerva, his Daughter died April 2d, 
1806, in the 4»"» year of her age. They 
were the first that was intered in this 

In mcmoty of 
Eben Ufford who died Aug. 11, 
1828, aged 73 years. 

In memory of 
Marjf, relict of Eben UlTords, who 
died Aug. 8. 1829, aged 71 years. 

In memory of 
Ebeii Uffovfl, Jr., wlio died June 
10, 1825, aged 36 years. 

Trumbull. 1059 

Janies Walker, Esq., son of Deacon Robert and Ruth 
(Willcoxson) Walker, was born July, 171 5, and was one of 
the most prominent men in the society of North Stratford. 
His home and farm was that now occupied by Mr. James W. 
Beardsley, at the north end of the Beardsley Park. Here he 
resided from about 1739, when he built the house now stand- 
ing, until his decease. 

He united with the Unity church in 1743, and was an 
active, influential member of that body and also of the eccle- 
siastical society. His residence was in the extreme northwest 
corner of Stratford old society and by special petition to the 
General Assembly he was set into Unity society in May, 1743. 
He was first appointed justice of the peace in May, 1761, and 
was re-appointed for many years to the same office, until he 
became celebrated and highly esteemed as a justice of equity, 
and had a great amount of law business in writing wills and 
deeds and settling estates, and was often appointed as a referee 
court to hear cases in different parts of the colony. When 
the will of Thomas Sanford, in favor of the North Stratford 
society, was contested by the heirs, James Walker was ap- 
pointed by that society. May 8, 1769, to defend the claims of 
the society before the General Assembly, — the case having 
then been in law two years — in which he was principal in 
managing the case, which he did successfully, and saved the 
property, which was of a considerable amount, to the society. 
Having accomplished this important work he presented to 
the society the bill for the amount of money he had actually 
paid as his expenses, giving his services free. This bill the 
society declined to pay on the plea that Mr. Walker was rich 
enough to give the bill as well as his services. Upon this 
Mr. Walker left the society and church and never again went 
near them. He died June 9, 1796, in his 81st year. 

l^arlor SocU is located on the Housatonic Railroad, in 
Trumbull, about eight miles from Bridgeport, and is a place 
prepared by the railroad for picnics. It is a beautiful, appro- 
priate place for the object intended, and is well fitted and 
furnished for the accommodation of parties of .one or two 
thousand persons. 

io6o History of Stratford, 

DatUel Fai/rchild, son of Lewis, of Stratford, was one 
of the early settlers in North Stratford. He was. a school 
teacher in his earlier years; was an assistant commissary 
during the Revolution, and very prominent in the society 
during that great struggle. 

Idetvis FairchUd, son of Daniel, above, was born in 
1746, was also prominent in the Revolution, and one of the 
successful and influential farmers of that communit}'. He 
died in 1817. 

Lends FairehUd, 2d, was a Colonel of militia, and was 
a farmer, but during the year 1826 he began manufacturing 
paper with his brothers, Reuben and Eben. They built the 
mill still known as Fairchild's paper mill, at what was called 
in 1674, the " Falls," in the Pequonnoc river. After some ten 
years Colonel Lewis was succeeded, in making paper, by his 
sons, Daniel and Plumb N. Fairchild, and he died in 1850, 
aged 76 years. 

Daniel FairehUd, son of Colonel Lewis, was bom 
December 20> 1807 ; remained on the farm until he was twenty 
years of age, then engaged in his father's paper mill, and in 
1836 entered the firm of Lewis Fairchild and Brothers, which 
was afterwards changed to E. Fairchild and Company, and 
thus continued until 1847, when he and his brother Plumb N. 
bought the interests of the other members of the firm. Since 
1861, Horace L., son of Daniel, has been a member of the firm. 
This is one of the oldest paper manufacturing firms in the 

In politics Daniel Fairchild is a Republican, and has 
represented his town in the State Legislature, and held the 
office of selectman. He married Ann Eliza, daughter of 
Horace Hungerford, September 11, 1833. They have three 
children living. 

Plumb Nichols Fairchild, son of Colonel Lewis, was 
born November 12, 1809; worked on the farm until eighteen, 
then entered the paper mill, in which business he has contin- 
ued with his brother Daniel until recently, when he retired 
from an active part in the mill. He is a director in the 


ef. Jr ■ J^ec^'^cyL^J.c/J 

Trumbull. 1061 

Bridgeport National Bank. In politics he is Republican, has 
been a member of the State Legislature, and a justice of the 
peace. He married in May, 1856, Jennett H., daughter of 
Charles U. Lewis, of Bridgeport. 

Ehen Fairchild ^yas the youngest son of Lewis Fair- 
child, Sen., and brother of Colonel Lewis, and was born in 
1784 and died in 1865, aged 80 years. He was apprenticed to 
a cabinet firm in Danbury, but because of ill health did not 
remain long, but returned to Trumbull and joined his brother 
Reuben in the manufacture of saddle-trees, at the village of 
Nichols* Farms. Their business being quite successful they 
after a time relinquished it, and in May, 1817, purchased the 
store and dock property near the foot of Wall street, in 
Bridgeport, and opened a store and in connection with it ran 
packets to New York, Boston and other places, doing a coast- 
ing business. Both enterprises were continued, Eben resid- 
ing at Bridgeport and Reuben at Nichols* Farms. 

About the year 1818 they commenced manufacturing 
saddles in Bridgeport, taking Hanford Lyon and Lemuel 
Coleman as members of the firm, and opened a branch house 
in Cliarleston, S. C. After about nine years they withdrew 
from the saddle business, and in 1826 turned their attention to 
the manufacture of paper at Trumbull, associating their 
brother Lewis with them. Eben returned to Trumbull and 
lived near the paper mill and continued in that business about 
twenty years. He afterwards made his residence in Bridge- 
port, where he remained until his decease. 

lieuben Fairchild was the second son of Lewis, and 
brother of Eben and Lewis, and was born in 1782 and died 
October 4, 1855, aged 73 years. Besides being associated 
with his brother Eben, as seen above, he, in 1836, commenced 
the manufacture of carriages in Bridgeport, associating with 
him Messrs. Haight, Hurd and Keeler. In this he continued 
until 1840, when he retired to his farm. 

Hev.Janies Beebeef A.M.f was born in 1718, in Dan- 
bury; was graduated at Yale College in 1745, and was or- 
dained pastor of the North Stratford Church and Society, 

May 5, 1747, and continued to serve them as such until his 

io62 History of Stratford, 

decease, September 8, 1785, in his 68th year. In 1749 he 
married Mrs. Ruth Curtiss, of Stratford, and had seven 

He served as chaplain in the French war, being absent 
from his parish from May 5th to September i6th, 1759. He 
also was a patriot and showed a deep but rational interest in 
the Revolution. As a minister he was faithful, devoted, 
patient and successful. 

Miles Seardsley, son of Stephen and Catharine Beards- 
ley, was born on the place where he now resides, in iSio* 
He has been and is a prominent man in the town and society. 
He is descended, as well as the Beardsley families of Long 
Hill, for more than a hundred years, from William Beardsley, 
the first of Stratford, as may be seen in the genealogy of that 
family in this book. 

Lt. Daniel Brinmnade, son of John the first of Strat- 
ford, born in 1680, was an early settler in what is now Trum- 
bull, in the locality called Daniel's Farm. It is thought 
probable that the locality was named as it is because he was 
the first settler at that place. No other explanation has been 

He was a prominent man in the Unity society and died 
in 1757, aged 70 years, leaving two sons, Daniel and Abraham. 

JRev. Daniel JBHnamade, Jr., was born in 1718, prob- 
ably at Daniel's Farm; graduated at Yale College in 1745; 
settled as minister over the church in Judea Society — now 
Washington, Conn. — where he died April 23, 1793, leaving 
children and a high name of honor in that community and in 

Dea. Abrahafn Brinsmade, son of Daniel, Sen., lived 
at Daniel's Farm, a prominent man in North Stratford society, 
where he died in 1801, in his 75th year. His son, Daniel (3d), 
married a daughter of the Rev. James Beebee, and one of 
their sons — AH — is still living, being 93 years of age. Abraham 
had been a deacon in the Congregational Church nearly 
twenty years when he resigned in 1848. 

TrumbulL 1063 

Grace Church at Long JELiU'* in Trumbull was origi- 
nally a part of Christ Church Parish, Tashua, from which it 
was separated in 1846, and a separate organization effected 
June 5, 1846. At this meetipg the following officers were 
elected: Elijah Middlebrook and David Beach, Wardens; 
Lee Wooden, Stephep H. Burroughs, Olando Walker, Eben- 
ezer Wheeler, Vestrymen; Stephen Middlebrook, Clerk; 
Lucius B. Burroughs, Treasurer; Elijah Middlebrook, Dele- 
gate to Convention; L. B. Burroughs, Collector; S. H.. Bur- 
roughs, Librarian* The parish was presented to the Conven- 
tion June 9, 1846, the petition being signed by Abel Hawley, 
David Beach, John Burroughs, Elijah Middlebrook, John M. 
Wheeler, Stephen Middlebrook, Sherman French (2d), Ros- 
well Seeley, Ebenezer Wheeler, Walker Wheeler, Lee 
Wooden, L. B. Burroughs, Gideon Mallett, Zalmon Hall, 8. 
H. Burroughs, E. B. Middlebrook* Edward Piatt, Robert T. 

" At a meeting held June 23, j88o, the parish voted to invite the Rev. Wm. 
W. Bronson, then in charge of Christ Church, Tashua, to officiate on each alter- 
nate Sunday in Grace Church, Long Hill. Ho accepting it, was the first rector of 
the parish. The present church edifice ivas erected as a chapel of Christ Church, 
Tashua, with its present name. The corner-stone was laid in 1836, the first ser- 
vice being held in it on Sunday, Jan. i, 1840, and the building was consecrated 
by the Rt. Rev. Bishop Brownell, June 18, 1840." 

*• The Rectors have been: July, 1846, to October, 1847, 
the Rev. William White Bronson; April, 1848, to March, 
1851, the Rev. Henry V. Gardner ; March, 185 1, for one year, 
the Rev. Enoch Huntington ; Jan. 1853, to Dec. 1853, the Rev. 
D. W. C. Loop; April, 1854, to Feb. 1856. the Rev. William 
L. Bostwick; Jan. 1857 to Aug. 1858, the Rev. Wm. Town- 
send Early ; Mar. 1859, ^o Mar. 1864, the Rev. D. P. Sanford ; 
April, 1865, to Jan. 1868, the Rev. William Warland; April, 
1868, to April, 1870, the Rev. Charles Husband; June, 1870, 
to May, 1874, the Rev. John Henry Hobart DeMille ; Sept. 
1874, to Oct. 1878, the Rev. Abner P. Brush; June, 1879, the 
Rev. George P. Torrence became pastor, and since his resig- 
nation the Rev. Samuel Hall served for ^ time, and the Rev. 
Charles W. Boylslon is the present rector. 

1* Manuscript of the Rev. George Paull Torrence, contributed to the " Fair- 
6eld County*' History. 


History of Stratford. 

Long Hill Burying-place at TrumbulL 

Anna JP., Daughter of Clinton & 

Amelia Angevine, Died April 20, 

1886, i£. la yrs. 5 mos. 
Asleep in Jesut. 

Mary Hayden, Infant of Ransom 
& H. Clarissa Ballou, Died Oct. 20. 


In memory of 
Mr§. Itebekah Bassett, wife of Mr. 
Jonadab Basseti, who died Sept. 7, 
I794f In the 84*^ year of her age. 

Danid Beac9$, Born Jan. 27, 1785 ; 
Died Sept. 30. 1847. 

Abigail Fayertoeather, wife of 
David Beach, Born 1797; Died Jan. 
16, 1830. 

Buth BtUkiey, 2* wife of David 
Beach, Born Jan. 9, 1800; Died July 
ai, 1880. 

Ephraim IF. Beach Died Sept. 23, 
1874, M, 87 Yrt. 8 mo. 

Daraihy Beach Died Feb. 18, 1876, 
iE. 88 Yrs. 7 mo. 

In memory of 

Mr. J'fxbez Beach, who died Sept. 

10^, 1806. in the 86 year of his age. 

In memory of 
Mr§» Mary Beach, wife of Mr. 
labez Beach, who died July 13^, 1788, 
in the 62' year of her age. 

Tn memory of 
Mr8. Eunice Beach, 2' wife of Mr. 
Jabez Beach, who died Nov' 2i*S 1806, 
in the 84^ year of her age. 

In memory of 
tTahex Beach, who died Jan. 15, 1835, 
aged 75. 

In memory of 
Partlietiia Beach, relict of Jabez 
Beach, who died July 24, 1840, aged 

In memor)' of 
Mr» James Beach, who departed 
this life Mar. 4*'*, 1788, in the 34*'' year 
of his age. 

IVett Side. 

Jatnes B, Beach 


North Sid*. 

WilUa^n E. Beach Died May 19, 
1874, aged 27 years. 

Marietta, daughter of Baldwin and 
Sally Ann Beach, died March 15, 
1855, iE. 4 yrs 5 mo. & is days. 
Death has laid a loved one low. 

And must I ever weep? 
Because mv savior called her home 
WUhin his anus to sleep. 

Martha Augtista, Wife of William 
E. Beach, Born Nov. 16, 1842, Died 
Nov. 10, 1871. 

** Blessed are the pare In heart, 
for they shall see God." 

Betihen IF. Beach Died May i, 
1874, i£. 5a Yrs. 5 Mo. 
Blessed are the dead who die In the Lord. 

Sarah S. Beach Died Jan. 15, 1863. 
i£. 29 Yrs. 

*There is rest in Heaven." 

Franklin IF., son of Reuben W. & 
Sally Beach, Died Jan. 18. i86a, iE. 
9 Yrs. 

In memory of 
8tei>hen Beacli, who died Feb. 8, 
1835, iE. 45 years. 

In memory of 
ClMrity, wife of Stephen Beach, who 
died Dec. 16. 1832, aged 44 years. 

In memory of 
Aartm Beardsley, who died July 
22, 1835, iEt. 71 yrs. Also, 

Sarah, his wife, died Mar. 14, 1851, 
in her 83 year. 


diaries W. Beardsley, Born Feb. 
21, 1817, Died April 15, 1879. 

Harriet M., His wife. Born March 
7. 1818. 

In memory of 
Capt. Bavid Beardslee, who was 

killed by lightning while labouring 
in his field on the 25 of July 1822, in 
the 67 year of his age. 

In memory of 
Huldah Bearflslee, who departed 
this life June 24, 1850, aged 87. 


Col. BavUl S. Beardsley Died 

Nov. 3, 1885, Aged 67 years. 

In memory of 
David Beardsley, who died May 
II, 1802, in his 74 year. And of 

Mary, his wife, who died Feb. 20, 
1822, in her 97 year. 

Long Hill Burying-place at Trumbull. 



lltddah A. Beardaley, Born Sept. 
26, 1821, Died March 5, 1883. 
Faithful unto the end. 

David Beardsley Died Dec. 29, 
1880. Aged 86 Years. 
Unveil thy bosom faithful tomb, 
Take this new treasure to thy trust 
And g^ive these sacred relics room. 
To seek a slumber in the dust. 

ClaHssa, Wife of David Beardsiey, 
Died Nov. 3, 1875, Aged 80 yrs. 3 mo. 
Far from affliction, toil and care, 

The happy soul nas fled. 
The breathless clay shall slumber here 
Among the silent dead. 

Elixfibeth JanCf daughter of David 

& Clarissa Beardslee, died Aug. 15, 

1825, aged 5 years 8 mo. & 3 days. 
There is a world above 
Where parting is unknown, 
A long eternity of love 
Form'd for the good alone. 

George Francis, son of David & 
Clarissa Beardslee. died March 4, 
1825. aged 7 mos. & 8 days. 
*Twa8 like the morning's opening flower, 
It bloomed A withered in an hour. 

In memory of 
Eli Oft JieardsleCf who died Oct. 14, 
1829. aged 40 years. 

CathaHne Odell Beardslejf Died 
Aug. 6, 1883. yR, 82 yrs. 3 mo. 8 Days. 

In lucniory of 
Edwin JieardHleCfWho died March 
4. 1846, i£. 46 yrs. 

In memory of 
Marff E, Beardsiey, who died May 
14. 1843. aged 37 yrs. 

In memory of 
H€Ul Beardslee, who died March 3. 
i8ii,aged 14 years 7 months and 7 
Sleep lovely youth and tnke your rest 
In Christ, llic Lord divinely blest. 

In memory of 
James lleanlslee, \vho died June 
6. 1843, in the 86 year of his age. 

BiUh, wi:e of Jnmcs Beardslee, Died 
Feb. 7. i860, JE. 93. 

Joseph Beardsiey Died Aug. 12. 
1853. i€. 22. 

Our life how short ? a groan, a sigh ; 
We live and then begin to die. 

Jttdson Beardsiey Died July 10, 
1832. yE. 50. 

Sarah, His Wife. Died June 21, 1845. 


Miles Beardsiey 

Elolsa, His Wife. Died Sept. 18, 1867, 
Aged 57 Years 10 months. 
Precious is the memory of our loved ones. 

nea. OrviUe JI. Beardsiey Died 
Dec. 25, 1851, MU 35 yrs. i mo. & 11 
Weep not his love Is round our hearts, 
His holy thoughts to us were given. 
His spirit lingers where thou art. 
To win our souls to heaven. 

Nancy, wife of Dea. O. H. Beardsiey, 
Born Jan. 19. 1817, Died Aug. 8. 1870. 
Sweet are the songs which now she hears. 
And sweet the strains which angels pour. 
Oh ! why should we In anguish weep. 
She is not dead but gone before. 

Feb. 13, 1855, Died 
Mary Eliza, Daughter of Dea. Or- 
ville & Nancy Beardsiey, Aged 5 
years & 5 months. 

Calm on the bosom of thy God 

Sweet spirit rest thee now 
E'en while on earth thy footsteps trod 
His seat was on thy brow. 

Mary Eliza, We love thee still. Jesus said, 
suffer little children to come unto me, for of 
such is the kingdom of God. 


Samuel Beardsiey, Esq., one of 

natures noblemen. Died May 13, i860, 
Aged 68. 

Long will his memory live. 

Assenath, wife of Samuel Beardsiey, 
Esq., Died Feb. 5, 1863, Aged 75. 

Sheldon Beanlsley, M.D, Died 
Jan. 26, 1872, JR, 69. 

Stcjihen BdardMee, Esq. Died 
Feb. 8, 1849. -^^ 86. 

In memory of 
Susan, wife of Stephen M. Beardsiey, 
who died Oct. 16, 1836, aged 33 yrs. 
I mo. & 7 ds. 

Stephen M. Beardsiey Died Aug. 
7, 1869, M, 59 yrs. II mos. & 7 days. 

Catharifie Beardslee, relict of 
Stephen Beardslee, Esq., died July 
22, 1850. iE. 80 yrs. 

Doctor Bedient Died Aug. 26, 1867, 
in the 75'*» year of His Age. 

In memory of 
Mr. James Beers, who died Dec. 
24, 1838, aged 77 yrs. 

In memory of 

Mrs. Jtuth, wife of Mr. James Beers, 

who died Oct. 6. 1825, aged 70. 

Oh I 'lis a sacred spot where now her head 

lies undisturbed among the silent dead. 

Itegrand G», son of Legrand G. & 
Hcpsa A. Beers. Died June 29, 1855, 
Aged I yr. & 5 mo. 
Softly he neared death's surgeless shore, 
Swiftly the waters buoyed him o'er 
While sweetly sang the angelic choir 
One angel more In heaven. 


History of Stratford, 

Frank Beers, Infant of George & 
Clarissa Wildman, Born Apr. 20, 
1866, Died Aug. 4. 1866. 

In memory of 
Lydia, daughter of Jonathan & Polly 
Beers, who died Sept. 15, 1826, in 
the 23 year of her age. 

In memory of 
JPeter lieers, who died August, 1801, 
aged 67 years. Also of 

Eunice f relict of Peter Beers, who 
died April 17, 1828, aged 88 years, 
A.B. 1774. 

JPhilo Beers Died Feb. 9, 1864, Aged 

Charity, widow of Philo Beers, Died 
Mar. 3, 1869, i£. 86 yrs. & 6 mos. 

Itiith, late wife of lames Beers, and 
second wife of Robert Turney, died 
March 28, 1861, i£. 92 yrs. & 6 mo. 

In memory of 
SaUy M., daughter of Esther & Giles 
Beers, who died Sept. 11, 1827, in 
her 9 year. 

Joseph B. Bennett Died Sept. ii» 
1851, ^. 77. 

Sarah, his wife, died March 20, 1828, 
i£. 51. 

In memory of 
Samanllia, wife ol Timothy Bevans, 
who died May 4. 1851, Aged 65 years. 

Hannah Cortlella, wife of Charles 
Bevans, Died May 25, i860, i£. 48 

yrs. & 8 mos. 

We miss thee. 

In memory of 
Joseph Booth, who died Apr. 18, 
i^SSi sigcd 84 years & 4 mo. 

In memory of 
Betsey Booth, wife of Joseph Booth, 
who died May 27, 1840, aged 67 years 
7 mo. & 15 ds. 

BtUh' A., Wife of Nelson W. Burr, 
Died June 16, 1868, i£. 24 yrs. & 2 

Harriet, wife of Seth Bishop, Died 
Sept. 3, 1859, it. 67 yn. 11 mo. & 9 

SaUy Bistiop Died May 2. 1869, M, 

73 Yrs. 
Who dies to>day, fiads no dealh to-morrow. 
What surer way to l>e free from sorrow. 

Sacred to the memory of 

JiUia, who died Aug. 10, 1868, Aged 


Rest weary spirit, rest. 
This stone Is ■ffeclionstely Erected by her 
brotJMr Fsancto Bishop. 

Abie Judson, Wife of David Bou- 
ford. Died Apr. 21, 1680, Aged 73 

Leaney M, Jfutson Died May 29, 

1877, iE. 73 y«. 

cToliH Burroufflis Died May IQ, 
1862, iE. 78. 
'*One Lord, ooe Faith, one Baptim.'* 

Ae|Me{/, wife of John Burroughs, Died 

Sept. 15. 1859. -*• 74. 

** Lovely in death the beauklOos ruin lay.** 

Selah Burroughs Died Sept. 15. 
1830, iE. 68. 

In memory of 
Hannah, wife of Selah Burroughs, 
who died March 13, 182^, in her 63 

In memory of 
JPaulina, daughter of Selah and 
Hannah Burroughs, who died July 
19, 1828, in her 30 year. 

John James Burroughs, Born 

Nov. 10, 1845. Died Dec. 19, 1871. 

**Thy brother shall rise again.'* 


L/ucimi» B. BurrougJis, Born June 
16, 1807 ; Died June 12, 188a 

Mary E., Wife of Edward B. Bur- 
roughs, Died Jan. 14, 1862, iE. 22 yrs. 
& 22 Ds. 
Farewell ! thy life hath left surriving love 
And wealth ol records and sweet ^fedingi 

From sorrow's heart, the faintness to reoMve, 
By whispers breathing, *Meu of earth than 

Ahel S, Bni'ton Died May 4, 1848. 
iE. 22. 

This stone is erected in memory of 
Bea, Benjamin Burton, *vho ex- 
pired on the 5^*^ day of Sep. 181 1, 
aged 63. 

In memory of 
Mrs* Hannah, wife of Dea. Benja- 
min Burton, who died Oct. 3, 1847, 
iE. 73. 

Daniel Bwton died Oct. 7, iSoi, 
in his 40 year. 

Daniel S. Burton Died Dec. 18, 

1869, Aged 47. 
Elijah Burton Died May 29, 1863, 

jE. 82. 
To the memory of an affectionate Father. 

Sally Burt on, vr\(e of Elijah Burton, 
died Sept. 29. 1827, aged 40 years. 

Juflson D,, son of Elijah & Sally 
Burton. Died Dec. 2, j846,.aged 20 

Long Hill at Trnmbull. 


In memory of 

XRVinia, daughter of Enjith ft Sally 

Burton, nho died Apt. S, 1840, aged 

In memory of 

Charles, son of Elijah ft Sally Burlon, 

who died July 7, iBjg, aged 15 years. 

In memory of 

Slteldon, son of Elijah & Sally Burton, 

who died Feb. 3, 1S36, aged 37 yean. 

In memory of 

Capt. Joseph Jlurton, who died 

', 1801, In the to" year of hi» 



Mrs. Rebecca Iturton, wife of Capt. 
Joseph Burlon, nho died Apt. l", 
1799, In the 77"> year of her age. 
In memory of 

Capt, IftMMiH^BurtoHotTrvm- 
bull, who dcp.itted this life al Ihe 
Island of Aniigua June id, 1604, 
nhllsl master of the schooner Liberty, 
of Biidgeporl, aged 38, ft \i there 
Inlered. Also of 

JUra. Nancu, relict of Doci. Stephen 

Middlebrook of Trumbull, Formerly 

wife of said BuTlon, who died Oct. S. 

1S33, ft Is hero Iniurcd, ngod 57, 

In memory of 

JtoswcU O, Itnrton, who died Oct. 
14, 1S39. aged 33 years. 

Louis, Infant son of Frederick H. ft 
Francis J. Coe, died M.-iy 10, 1863. 
aged 3 - - ^- 

In lbs I 

I a Sivlui 

not! en wbit 

if'heiiWelTiH'itti Godln 

llurlaii Jf. CratylitU, M.D, 

Passed from mortal life June 10, iBSo, 
aged 56 years. 

His wife. 

Aimer Augusta, wife of Doct. W. 
Mark Curtis, and daughter of Robert 
and Nancy Middlebrook, Departed 
thirlife Aug, 36, 1843, aged ao years 

Hers hf tlie cold whits ilons Uisl bein thy 


ells the pusET by bo.r btlet thy lite, 
IccI flower), ws'l) shed >?«tiDii'i tar. 


Daniel CnrtuS Died ' 
I'oUy A., His Wife, Died Aug. 3. 
>S73. Aged 61 yrs. 

SomtA •iJr. 

George E. Cartisa Died 
Qra^ E., His Wife, Died Feb. 4, 
1S85. M. 41 yrs. 8 mo. 33 Ds. 

ItobeH A. (Jurtiae Died Feb. 4, 
iBfio, Aged 7 yrs. 

EdaoH S. Dayton, a member of Co. 
A. 3-' Reg. H. A., Died Jan. 4, 1B6B, 
M. 2i yrs, 6 mo. 17 ds. 
Freed from ihe tolls ind sonowi of rartb, 
Tby spirit hu winded Us fllilil 
Across the riirli v.Tley ind sbsdow of death. 
To the beiutitul fields of light, 

liirilie J., son of Edson S. ft Harriet 
E, Dayton. Died March 30, t86B, ,£. 
I yr. 7 mo. I3 ds. 

Tbl* iLvcly phmt wo wishsd la raise, 


In lbs bands of God, wba nn 

And in hli mercy trust, 

yatha%»,iel It. Dayton Died Jan, 
29, 1864, Aged 36 yrs, ft 19 Ds. 
Hegraduated at Trinity College, July 


Dnr itrother, Ihouih thes we mln 
And bitter Ion deprorc. 

Edward Doiohs Died Nov. 1, 18B3, 

M. 63 yrs. 

Mr. Jesse Dotvns died Nov. 19, 
1B20, .-iged 36 years. 
Ah I Bslt'rlnfr life, thou in soon oone, 
, Foi lime ind d«th will not pcoionK ; 

They will demand you M their pny, 
I fsihips In some uaeipccled day. 

In memory of 
' Abi/ah Edwards, son of Dea. John 
I Edwards, who died April aj^, 1800, 
I aged 33 years ft 15 days. 


History of Stratford. 


Almon H. Edwards Died March 
i6, 1885. Aged 58 years. 

Anson Edwards Died April 2, 1865, 
Aged 74 yrs. & 6 mo. 

Saily, wife of Anson Edwards, Died 
Mar. 16, 1850. i£. 59. 

Charles A., son of Stephen S. & 
Fannie Edwards, Died April 26, 1876, 
aged 27 yrs. 3 mo. 

Elnathan Edwards died Sept. 5. 
1823, aged 74. 

Susannah, wife of Elnathan Ed- 
wards, died Oct. 19. in her 74 year. 

Fanny Rebecca, wife of Daniel 
Edwards, Died Nov. i, 1850. i£. 23 
Yrs. 2 Mo. & 21 Ds. 

In memory of 
David C EilwardSf who died Feb. 
17, 1853, aged 65 years. 

In memory of 
Tabathy Edwards, wife of David 
C. Edwards, who died June 3', 1844, 
Aged 61 yrs. 

In memory of 
Jennet, daughter of David C. & 
Tabitha Ed%vards, who died Oct. 31, 

185 1, aged 34 yrs. 

In memory of 
Laura C, Daughter of David C. & 
Tabitha Fdwards, who died Jan. 2, 

1852, aged 26 years. 

In memory of 
ZtOrintha, daughter of David C. & 
Tabitha Edwards, who died Feb. 14, 
1851, yE. 38. 

Marif'tf, Daughter of David C. & 
Tabitha Edwards, Died Nov. 22, 1875, 
iE. 52 Yrs. 8 Mo. 

In memory of 
Caroiifve, daughter of David C. & 
Tabitha Edwards, who died Nov. 16, 
1818, ^. 5 years & 4 mos. 

David Edwards died July 12, 1825, 
in his 94**' year. 

In memory of 
Lydia, wife of David Edwards, who 
died Oct'. 3, 1812, in the 84**' year of 
her age. 

Hezihiah Edwaf^fls died Mar. 5. 
1854, jE. 93. j 

Isaac S, Edwards died July 30, 
1854, Aged 33 years 4 mos. 

Dearest Husband thou hast left us, 

Here thy loss we,deeply feel. 
But 'lis God that hath bereft us, 
He can all our sorrow heal. 

MartFia, wife of Hezekiah Edwards, 
Died Mar. 8, 1852. io her 88 year. 

In memory of 
JDea. tTohn Edwards, who died 
Sept. 28, 1 800, aged $6 years 2 months 
15 days. 

Muih, wife of Dea. John Edwards, died 
May 6, 1817, in the 71 yr. of her age. 

In memory of 
tTohn Edwards, son of Dea. John 
Edwards, who died June 2', 1797, 
aged 17 years & 6 months. 

John Edwards died Aug. 11, 1825. 

In memory of 
Hannah, relict of John Edwards, 
who died Sept. 19, 1S35, i£. 82 years. 

Hannah, daughter of John Edwards, 
died March 7. 1825, aged 27 years. 

In memory of 
John Ij. Edwards, who died Jane 
10, 1833, i£. 40 yrs. 

JtiMus Edwards Died July 12, 1855, 
i£. 68 yrs. 7 mo. & 10 Ds. 

Ahhy, wife of Justice Edwards, Died 
Feb. 18, 1870, Aged 81 years. 

Ziester E,, only child of Daniel & 
Antha J. Edwards, Born Julv 8, i86s. 
Died Aug. 15. 1877. 

Dearest Lester, you have left us 
And your loss we deeply feel. 
Hut 'twas God that took you. 
He can all our sorrows heal. 

S. Stirling Edwards Died Oct. 8, 
1884, Aged 65 yrs. 

Fanny 9 wife of Stephen S. Edwards, 
Died Dec. 31, i860, iE. 44 yrs. 10 mos. 
& 26 Ds. 
There Is rest In Heaven and room enough for 



A bud on earth to bloom In heaven. 

WUIiuin Henry, son of Stephen S. 

& Fannie Edwards, Died July 25, 

1872, JE. 20 Yrs. 

Vou, who view this silent tomb. 
And round its borders tread ; 
I was cut down in as perfect bloom. 
And numbered with the dead. 

As you are now so once was 1, 
As I am now, so you must be. 
Prepare for death and follow me. 

Sftinuel B, Edwards Died Oct. 17, 
1817, M, 40. 

Lucimla, His wife, and widow of 
Aaron Plait, Died Aug. 7, 1865, iE. 

Long Hill Burying'place at TrumbulL 


In memory of 
SlicUon Edwards, son of Samuel 
Edwards, who was murdered Sept'. 
S***, 1796, while a clerk in the store of 
David DeForest at Bridgeport, JEu 
14 years — mo. 8 ds. 

In memory of 

Mr» Th^ophilus Edwards, who 

died Mav 25. 1814; aged 52 years. 
1 heftr the voice, "Ye dead arise !" 

And to the ffraves, obey ; 
The waking Saints with joyful eyes, 

Salute the expected day. 

In memory of 
Jtuth Edwards, relict of Theophilus 
Edwards, who died Aug. 8, 1842, 
aged 77 years. 

Sarah Edwards, wife of Albert 
Sherwood, Died Aug. 15, 1816, iE. 45. 

In memory of 
Mr» Thomas Edwards, who died 
Jan. 20, 1792, in the 56 year of his 
age ; and his wife 

Sarissa, who died July 21, 18 13, in 
the 77 year of her age. 

Zalniwi FauerweatJiet* died May 

18, 1828, aged 65 years. 

In memory of 
Mrs* J'enishfi, wife of Mr. Zaimop 
Fnyer went her, who died Juno 20, 
1815, aged 50 years. 

In memory of 
Ennlcv, relict of Zalmon Fayer- 
weather, who died July 16, 1830, aged 
59 years. 


Daniel G. Fowler Died April 19, 
1886, Aged 65 yrs. 

Gone, but not forgotten. 

Etlgar L. Died Dec. 10, 1878, aged 2 
yrs. 5 mos. 

Clarence W. Died Jan. 12, 1882, 
aged 3 yrs. 6 mos. 
Children of Elmer & Carrie Fowler. 

Etlward jD»,9on of Cornelius E. & 
Martha A. Fowler, Died April 30, 
1870. yE. 4 mos. 

Clarance S; son of Cornelius E. & 
Martha A. Fowler, Died Jan. 14, 1878, 
iE. 3 yrs. 3 mos. 29 dys. 

In memory of 
Mrs* Eunice Fairchild, wife of 
Daniel Fairchild, Esq., who died Dec' 
13*'', 1803, in the 59*** year of her age. 

In memory of 
Mr* David French, who died Sept. 

19. 1S19. in the 70 year of his age. 

In memory of 

Eunice, wife of David French, who 

died March 29, 1829, in her 7a year. 

Eunice, Daughter of Mr. David & 
Mrs. Eunice French, died Apr. 4^, 
1798, in the 14 year of her age. 

In memory of 
Ludia, daughter of David & Eunice 
French, who died Sept. 15, 1828, in 
her 32 year. 

David French, Born April 26, 1794, 
Died Feb. 12, 1850. 

Asleep in Jesus. 

Folly Betsey, wife of David French, 
Born July 29, 1796, Died Aug. 22, 

Thy labors o'er thy spirit fled. 

In memory of 
Esther French, wife of Simeon 
French, who died Oct. 10, 1821, aged 
35 years. 
Blessed are the dead, who die in the*Lord. 

In memory of 
Capt* John Frencli, who departed 
this life Aug. 3i*S 1796, aged 75 years. 

In memory of 
Mrs, Hetty Frencli, Wife of Capt. 
John French, who departed this life 
Oct*'. 13**', 1786, in the 56 year of her 

Four of her clilldron are buriodathor 
left hand : 

5. M. B. & L. F. 

Mr. John Fretich died August 29, 
1813, in the 57 year of his age. 

Josiah French died May 16, 1863, 
iE. 75 Yrs. & I Mo. 

Farewell my friends that love to weep. 
Behold the Rrave wherein I sleep. 
Prepare for death for you roust die, 
And be entombed as well as I. 

Eath, wife of Josiah French, died Mar. 

6, 1862, iE. 73 Yrs. 5 mo. & 19 ds. 

Blessed are the dead, 
who die In the Lord. 

Samuel French died Mar. 30, 1885, 
M. 72 yrs. 6 mo. 

Gone, but not forgotten. 

LiXicy J*>aitc/i, *vi(eof Samuel French, 
Died Dec. 12, 1851, aged 38 years & 
6 mo. 

Affections waves no more shall roll 

Across thy peaceful breast ; 
A heaven of glory fills thy soul. 
This tomb retains the rest. 

In memory of 
Samuel French, *vho died Sept. 3, 
1833, iE. 8i. 


History of Stratford. 

In memory of 
JKfra* Mary, wife of Mr. Samuel 
French, who died June ii, 1827, aged 


Slierman French Died Oct. 24, 
1875, M. 90 Yrs. & 9 Mos. 
Thou Shalt come to thy grave In a full age, 
like as a shock of corn comelb in his season. 

Pnmeliaf wife of Sherman French, 

Died Aug. 11. 18S0, iE. 85 yrs. & 3 


All the days of my appointed time 
will I wait till my change come. 

Mrs. Cli'ttrity, wife of Sherman 
French, died Oct. 22, 1823, a^ed 36 

Frbmch. [a monumbnt.] 

Sherman French, Born Sept. ig. 
1802, Died April 30, 1873. 

Laura Frenci^, His Wife, Bom Dec. 
II, 1804. Died Mar. 13, 1885. 

Mary C, only daughter of John & 
Catharine Fulford, Died May 26, 1882, 
Aged 19 yrs. 

In memory of 
Capt', Lewie Oorfiam, who died 
Oct. 22, 1832. M. 45 years. 
Go home, dear friends, dry up your tears, 
I must lie here till Christ appears. 
My debt is paid, my grave you see 
Prepare yourselves to follow me. 

In memory of 

Anna, relict of Capt. Lewis Gorham, 

who died Jan. 7, 1843, JE. 54 years. 

Behold dear reader as you pass by. 

As you are now. so once was I, 

As I am now so y( 

Prepare for death and follow me. 

am now so you must be 

In memory of 
Mariett, daughter of Lewis & Anna 
Gorham, who died Nov. 28, 1828, M. 
2 y. 2 mo. 

Stephen Oorham died Aug. 16. 
1846, M. 32. 

Ann L, Chray Died May 11, 1875, 
^. 54 years. 

Fliebe Bailey Died Dec. 24, 1833. 
/£.. 84 yrs. 3 Mo. & 9 Ds. 

In memory of 
Charles li, Gregory who died Dec. 
I, 1839. i£. 37 years. 

In memory of 
Daniel Gregory, who died July 16, 
1843. aged 89 yrs. 

In memory of 
PIi€be, wife of Daniel Gregory, who 
died Oct. 27, 1827, aged 70 years. 

Here lyes the Body of 
Mrs. Mary Grigeory, Wife to Mr. 
Gilliard Grigeory, Who departed tbis 
Life Nov* the y)^, 1772, in j* 3^*^ 
Year of Her Age. 

In memory of 
Ebenezer Fives Gregory, Son of 

Mr. Gil cad Gregory, who depaned 
this life August 20, 1787, in the 18*^ 
year of his age. 

Plumb Gregory Died May 26. 1883. 
i£. 86 yrs. & 9 mos. 

In memory of 
Mr. Santud Gregory, who died 
Nov. g^^, 180S, in the 82^ year of his 

In memory of 
Naomi Gregory, Relict of Mr. Sam- 
iiel Gregory, who died April 10,1810, 
aged 82 years. 

In memory of 
Samtid Gregory, who died July 6, 
1836, iE. 74 years. 

In memory of 
ChaHty, wife of Samuel Gregory, who 
died Feb. 14, 184s, aged 85 years. 

In memory of 
Isaac Haifies, who died Sept. 7, 
1842, aged 65 years. 

In memory of 
Sarah, wife of Isaac Haynes. who 
died Nov. 7, 1819, aged 38 years. 
Sleep quiet here, my friend. 
Death can't us long divide, 
A few more rolling suns. 
Will lay me by your side. 

In memory of 
Nancy Haines, wife of Isaac Haines, 
who died May 15, 1851, aged 60 years. 

Silas Haines Died Sept. 25, 1866, 
aged 87. 

Eliz€i, wife of Silas Haines, Died Oct. 
28, i860, aged 66 yrs. 2 ms. 

In memory of 
JPann;/J7afne«, wife of Silas Haines, 
who died Aug. 14. 1842. i£. 53. 

In memory of 
Sarah F,, daughter of Silas & Fanny 
Haines, who died May 12, 1843, i£. 
19 yrs. 

Erasttis Haines^ JE. 6 mo. 

In youthful bloom, death cut me down. 
Here to await the trumpet sound. 
Repent, believe whilst you have time, 
Kor I was taken In my prime. 

Long Hill Burying'place at Trumbull. 

107 1 

In memory of 

William Hanes, who died Oct. 15, 

1834, JE. 82 years. 
Go home, dear friends, dry up your tears, 
I roust He here till Christ appears. 
My debt Is paid, my xrave you see 
Prepare yourselves to follow me. 

Mrs, Sarah HaiiicB, Wife of Mr. 

William Haines, departed this life 

May aS*"*, A.D. 1810. in the 66*»» year 

of her age. 

Free from all pain, from toil nnd trouble free 
My body sleeps anioiiR the silent dend. 
In faith, A hope, in Christ ; my life snd breath, 
Resiffned were In the cold arms of death. 
Stop tiere a while, this monument espy. 
And ask thyself, *'Am I prepared to clie.'* 

Mi88 Abiifail Hafines, wife of 
William Haynes, died Sept. 10, 1832, 
yE. 62 years. 
Free from all pain, from toil nnd trouble free, 
My body sleeps amonff the silent dead. 
In faith, and hope in Christ, my life ana breath 
Resigned here in the cold arms of death. 
Stop nere a while, this monument espy. 
And aslc thyself: *'Am I prepared to die?'* 

Sophia, Wife of William J. Haines, 
Died Aug. 29, 1877, i£. 40 years. 

Alanson HaU Died June 18, 1863, 
iE. 73 yrs. & 9 mo. 

Dear Father, we miss thee. 

Oeorgc A*f son of Alanson & Sophia 
Hall, died June 30, 1839, M. 4 yrs. 6 

Soj}hla S, EdwardHf wife of Alan- 
son Hall, died Jan. 4, 1862. M. 66. 
Beloved wliile living, mourned when dead. 
She saith : ''1 know that he shall rise again in 

the resurrection at the last day." 

Alben Hall died Oct. 28, 1865, aged 
67 yrs. 

In memory of 
Daniel Hall, who died April i»S 
1849, in his 91 year. 

In memory of 
JcvUina HaU, wife of Mr. Daniel 
Hall, who died Jan. 24^, 1821, In the 
59'*» year of her age. 

Death is a debt bv nature due 
Which I have paid and so must you. 

In memory of 
Fanny, wife of Nathaniel H. Hall, 
who died Oct. ir 1851, aged 38 yrs. 
Farewell, dear friends, my memory keep, 
While In death's arms my body sleeps. 
Short was my stay below with you, 
Sooner or later all must go. 

Mary, daughter of Benjamin & Han- 
nah M. Hall, died Feb. 24, 1834, JE, 
3 yr. & 4 mo. 

Tlieodore S. HaU Died Feb. 22. 
1865, aged 35 yrs. 5 Mos. 19 Ds. 
"In the midst of life, we are in death." 

Zalmon Hall, Born June 13, 1795, 
Died Feb. 13. 1884. 

Hannah Melinda, wife of Zalmon 
Hall, Born Dec. 30, 1804, Died April 
3. 1865. 

«' Earth hath thy dust, • 

But friends cherish thy memory. 

Rhoda Beach, wife of Zalmon Hall, 
Born May 9, 1795, Died Aug. 24, 


When those we love are snatched away 

By death's resistless hnnd, 
Our hearts the mournful tribute pay, 

That friendship must demand. 

In memory of 
Charles Hawley, who died Jan. fs, 
1823, aged 31 years. 

Charles H. Hawley, Born Sept. 4, 

JEhneline, His Wife. Born Apr. 24, 
1854, Died Apr. 17. 1883, 
Meet me in heaven. 
Suffered long, but is at rest. 

David Hawley Died May 8, 1854, 
M. 50. 

David Hawley Died Sept. i, 1878, 
Aged 91 yrs. 2 mo. 

roUy, Wife of David Hawley, Died 
Dec. 18, 1862. Aged 77 Yrs. 

Caroline, Daughter of David & Polly 
Hawley, died May 30, 1846. iE. 33 
yrs. 7 months & 14 ds. 

Elijah Hawley died Dec. 2, 1846, 
JE. 85. 

In memory of 
Abigail, wife of Capt. Elijah Hawley, 
who died Jan. i, 1844, aged 77 years. 

Polly Hawley died May 16, 1854, 
aged 54. 

In memory of 
Thwnas Hawley, A revolutionary 
Pensioner, who died Aug. 6, 1850, 
aged 91 years. 
There is a calm for those who weep, 
A rest for weary pilgrims found, 
They softly lie and sweetly sleep 
Low in the ground. 

Mary, wife of Thomas Hawley, Died 
April 17, 1866, i£. 90. 

Erected in memory of 
Dr, Minor Higby who died Feb. 
14**', 1810. Aged 32 Years. 
Beneath this stone death's prisoner lies 
The stone shall move, the prisoner rise. 
When Jesus with almighty word 
Calls his dead meet their Lord. 

Sarah, wife of Lyman D. Howard, 
Died Dec. 16, 1870. M, 3^ Yrs. 
In the midst of life we are In death. 


History of Stratford. 

XewJa W. HutMl wbo died Sept. 
t, iSjo, iged 60 fcari. 

In memoTy or 
Catharine It., wife of Unii W. 
Hubbell, Tfho died Dec. 10, 1630, 
aged 30 yean. 

In memory of 

Itebeeca, wife of Lewis W. Hubbell, 

who died Feb. 14. 1838, aged 39 yean. 

In memorj' of 

Frederick Jlurd i»ho died March 

IS, 1843, ^- 74 ye»n. 
Snnnah, wife of Frederick Hard, 

died Sepi, 38, 181], in her jo year. 
Hepoibah, wife of Elnaihan E. Hurd, 

died July 37. 1833, in her 36 year. 

Irvin T. Hurd Died Nov. 7, iBBi. 

Gon* bDl not [orcallcD. 

Jatneajonea Died July u, 1879, ./£. 

Wa xtelDuroerinn: unto llic plica ol whlcb 
the Lord uld, I wlU flvs you rot. 

iMUrn Anitt Wife o( Jnmei Jones, 
Died Sept. 4, 1874. /E.. 73 vrs. 

"Aileep in jMui blened il«p." 
Sha (Ingi hia pnl», who died far her. 
John Kent Died Dec. 15, 1B4Q. jE. 
78. F.iiher of ihc Rev. James item. 
Erected to the memory of 
Rev. ffiltitea Kent, a nniive of Scot- 
land & lor many years pastor of llie 
Presbyterian Church in Trumbull; 
who died Sept. 10, i8jo, nged 45. 
Erected to the memory of 
Naomi, wife of Rev. James Kent and 
(ormerly wile of Ebenexcr Wheeler, 
Esq., who died Aug. 19, 1S40, aged 
George IF. Knapp Passed from 
mortal life Dec. 34, tSBi, aged 61 

Laura .;(„ His wife 


[A ^ 


iTo/in Lambert Died June is. 1M64, 
aged 69 yis. 1 mo. 13 di. 

narHet liOOth, wife of John Lam- 
ben, died Dec. It, i8a6, nged 38 yrs. 

John B., Bon of John & Harriet Lam- 
bert, died Apr, tj, 1849. aged 30 yis. 

Joneph, son of John & Harriet Lam. 
ben, died Nov, 7. 186B. aged 45 yrs. 


Man's lick ai 

Pram tide ta aae, caa res on naugii dhl uec 

Here In Cull Irut 1 beraHer In hilfjoy. 

At Rest 
Aanea IVWtetmina Letvia, Bon 

Nov. 17, 1843. Died Dec. 7, 1S83. 
In memory of 
Antoa LeuHa, a colored man, de- 
ceased Nov. 13. l83q, M. sB yrs. 
He wu honeH and Indunitoua. 
Birdsey Leiois died March y, 1865, 

Aged 55 years, 6 moi. & 14 days. 
E. Amattila, wife of Blrdiey Lewi*. 

died April 37, iBs6, Aged 44 years ft 

BtihH B. LewtB Died Dec. 11, iB6s, 

jG. aB yri. 7 mos. ft 37 day*. 
Theotlocia Lewi» Died Sepi. 36, 

1B74. AgedBo. 
Betaei/j wife of Aaron Lyon, Died M«. 

30. 1883, Aged 96 yrs. 

In memory of 
I'htliraim JUnllcU, son of Mr. John 

Mallelt, Jr., Rebecca, hii Wife, who 

died Feb'r r6, 1769. in y 4'^ Year of 

Hii Age. 

In memory of 
Ephraim, Matlett, son of Mr. 

Joseph & Mrs. Jerusha Mallett. who 

died Dec. i, 1773, Aged 9 roonthi. 
Lucff Cornelia. Wife of Theodore 

A. Mnllcit, Died A^r. 13, iBbi.M. 35. 

S«ni with 1 mnuri 
To It- 

'll by. , 

Tlieoilora Augnata, Daughter of 
Theodore A. & Lucy C.Maltcit, Born 
Nov. so, 1657. Died Aug. sr, iB73. 
Deatb cannot come unllmel]' to one fit lo die. 

Vtirtheiia Sherniau, wifeofGid. 

con Mallcti, Died May g, 1B66, Aged 

73 yrs. A 6 ino. 
Klchard S, McCojl Died Jan. i, 

1869, it. 30yis. 
ITattie Louisa, only daughter ol 

Rkbaid S. & Harriett A. McCoy, 

died June 33. 1864. Aged 4 yrs. & s 

Gone to ■ Iwllei land. 

Lovely, Oh I tbrk 

Long Hill Burying'place at Trumbull, 


Chuvle» 5. MidiUebrooU Parsed 

from mortal Life April 3, 1879, i£. 54 

yrs. I mo. 22 ds. 

Ever near us ihough unseen, 
The dear ImmorUl spirits tread ; 
For all the boundless Universe 
Is life— there are no dead. 

Anna It., wife of C. S. Middlebrook, 
Born into Spirit life Feb. i, 1854, M, 
28 yrs. 

Charles Anna Passed to his Mother 
May 17, 1854. JE. 8 mo. 

It is sown a nstursl body, 
It Is raised a spiritual body. 
There Is no death I what seems so is transition. 

This life of morul breath 
Is but a suburb of the life elvslan 
Whose portal we call death. 

In memory of 
Mr, David Miilalebrooks who 

departed this life April 2^ 1790: 
Aged 75 years. 

In memory of 
Mrs. Abiah Midtltebroohf Relict 
of Mr. David Middlebrook, who died 
July 3, 1803, in the 87*^ year of her 

In memory of 
Mr. David 3Iiddlebrook who 

died Nov. 27, 1819, in the 52 year of 

his age. 

Death Is a debt to nature due, 
Which I have paid and so must you. 

In memory of 

Elizatpcth, wife of Mr. David Middle. 

brook, who died April 16, 1852, in the 

83* year of her age. 

Sweet is the sleep that here I take. 
Till In Christ Jesus I awake. 
Then shall my happy soul rejoice 
To hear my blessed Saviour*^ voice. 

Lucy Ann, daughter of David & 
Hepzibah Middlebrook, died Oct. 5, 
1820, aged Q months. 

This lovely Dud so young and fair 

Called hence by early doom 

{ust came to show huw sweet a flower 
n Paradise would bloom. 

M1DDLRDR00K. [A Monument.] 

EHfah MiildUhrook, M.D., Born 
Oct. 20. 1785, Died Jan. 2. 1859. 

Comfort Burton, wife of Elijah 
Middlebrook, M.D.. Born Sept. 28, 
1787, Died Feb. 10, 1866. 

R. T. MiDOLsoROOK. [A Monument.] 

Bobert Tfieophilus, son of D' 
Elijah k Comfort B. Middlebrook, 
died at Panama April 28, 1849, JE. 

34 yrs. I mo. & 5 Ds. 

His demeanor was correct; his purposes 
right ; his hopes ardent : his aflTection abiding ; 
his morals uncorrupted ; his friendships endur- 
ing. His memory Is sweetly cherished; the 

brightness of hhi genius untarnished. Lament- 
ed by society ; by his honored acquaintances ; 
by his imrents, by the inmates of^ his earthly 
home, A by Her who cannot forget— his com- 
panionship in life. 

He died amonff stran^^^ers, on the shores of 
the Pacific, but his bones repose here forever, 
amonf? his friends. 

Erected to his memorv by his friends. Burr 
Goodseli, Edmund Thompson, James B. 
Thompson, Geo. W. Sherman, Rivera A. St, 
Jurjo, Barney J. Meserole, Minor Higbee. 

[A Tablbt.] 

In memory of 

Lieut. J^JpFiraini Middlebrook, 

who fought, bled and diedi'in defence 
of his Country, at the Battle of Ridge- 
field, on the 7''* day of April, 1777 : in 
the 41'^ year of his age ; and on the 
3* day of^May was interred here with 
the Honors of War. 
Here on this Tomb cast an eye, 

and view the Eagle great ; 
He represents our Liberty, 

the Union of the States ; 
View in his claws the arrows sharpe, 

the branch of oak likewise ; 
A lively emblem of our smart, 

for victory o'er our enemies ; 
For which cause this Hero bled, 

on Ridgefield's bloody plain ; 
And there wss numt>ered with the dead, 

his country's freedom to obtain * 
In memory of which these lines were wrote, 

and to perpetuate his name ; 
That his descendant's ne'er forget, 

that for their freedom he was slain. 

In memory of 
Mrs. Elizaheth, relict of Lieu* 
Ephraim Middlebrook, who died Feb. 
16, 18 1 2, in the 73^ year of her age. 

Ephraitn Middlebrook Died Dec. 
13. 1863, i£. 64 Yrs. 2 Mos. & 23 Das. 

Mary C, wife of Ephraim Middle- 
brook, & daughter of Silas & Hannah 
Nichols, Died April 11, 1859, M, 56 
Yrs. & 7 mos. ' 

Weep not for me, my husl>and dear, 

For weeping Is In vain. 
Where Christ nnd angels dwell above, 

I hope we will meet again. 

Here lyes Buried the Body of 
Mr. John Midtllebrook, who de- 
parted this life Octob' y» 10*^, 1769, 
in y* 91** Year of His Age. 

Here lyes Burled y* Body of 
Mrs. Mary Middelbrook, Wife to 
Mr. John Middelbrook, Who departed 
this life August y* 13*^, 1771, in y* 79 
year of Her Age. 

In memory of 
Mr. John Middlebrooks, who de- 
parted this Life July the 6*\ AD. 
1782, in the 72*^ year of his age. 


History of Stratford. 

Here lyes Buried the Body of 
Jlfra. Sarah Middlebraok, wife to 
Mr: John Middlebrook, Jun^, who 
died Ociob'y*20*^,i764, lny»49»*year 
of his age. 

In memory of 
Mr$. Ahiah MiditlebroohSf wife 
of Mr. John Middlebrooks. departed 
ihis life November the 26*^. AD. 17S1, 
in the 6o**» year of her Age. 

JEtntna Irene, daughter of Stephen 
& Nancy C. Nliddlebrook. died Feb. 
II, 1856, Aged II mos. & 10 ds. 

John Middlebrook, Born May 5, 
i8ia, Died Oct. 16, 1826. 


Itehert Middlebrook, Born August 
28, 1789, Died May 11, 1861. 

Nancy, wife of Robert Middlebrook, 
and daughter of Capt. Nathaniel J. 
Burton, Born October 22. 1799, Died 
September, 12, 1852. 


IVist Sidt, 

This monument li erected to tho mem- 
ory of 

Stephen Middlebrook, Esq., who 

departed this life Dec. 18, A.D. 1819 ; 
aged 64 years & 10 days ; for many 
years a respectable Physician in this 

**The cloud capt. towers, the s^orgeous palaces, 
The solemn temples, the Rreat globe itself ; 
Yea all that It Inherit shall dissolve. 
And like the baseless fabric of a vision. 
Leave not a wreck behind." 

In memory of 
Mr 8, Anner <£• lfr«. Eleanor 
MidtUebrooh, wives of Doct. 
Stephen Middlebrook, who departed 
this life, the former July 28, A.D. 
1792, in the 34 year of her age; the 
latter March 27, A.D. 1813, aged 49 
years. Also In memory of 

Isnttc, son of Doct. Stephen & Mrs. 

Anner Middlebrook, who died Au- 

gust 13, 1791, aged 32 days. 
Enough has heaven indulged of joy below. 
To tempt our tarriance in this lov'd retreat, 
Enougti has heaven ordained of useful woe. 
To malce us languish for a happier seat. 

South Sidt, 
In memory of 
Mrs. Nancy, third wife of Doct. 
Stephen Middlebrook, who departed 
this life Oct. 5, A.D. 1823, aged 57 

In memory of 
Mrs. Anner Middlebrook, wife 
of Doct. Stephen Middlebrook, who 
died July 28**'. 1792, in the 34* year 
of her age. 

Also their son 
Isaac, f\\t^ August 13, 1 791. aged 33 
days ; And lies at her right hand. 
Second Stone erected 1853, by her 
sons Elijah & Robert. 

In memory of 
Mrs. Eleanor, wife of Doer Stephen 
Middlebrook. who died March 27*^. 
1 8 13. aged 49 years. 

In memory of 
Mr. Siepl^en Middlebrook, who 

dece^ Nov' 17*^. 1795, En the 65** 
year of his age. 

Was ttseful in Life A lamented In deatk, by 
hla family A acquaintances. 

In memory of 
Mrs. Hannah, Relict of Mr. Stephen 
Middlebrook, who died Feb^ ii>^, 
1 8 16, aged 86. 

Stephen Middleln'ook died Oct. 
18, i8so» nged 54. 

DeboraFi. Oould Died Jan. 11, 1858. 
-*). 72. 

Sarah Anansta,d;kughter of Stephtn 
& Polly M. Middlebrook, died April 
II, 1853, Aged 13 years. 

Joseph Mosher Died Jan. 19, 1793 ; 
jE. 30 yrs. 

Huldah, Wife of Joseph Mosher, 
Died Jap. 18, 1850, i£. 8$ yrs. 

Stephen Montross Died Sept. 23, 
1855. jE. 82. 

Catharine^ his wife, died Oct. 25, 
1857, i£. 82. 

In memory of 
Sarah Nichols, who died Feb. 27, 
1847. ^' 8S years. • 

John E. 1\, son of Theophilus M. & 

Comfort A. Palmer, Died April 28, 

1864, Aged 13 yrs. 6 mo. & 22 ds. 
We loved thee Johnnie ! 
Rut our earthly tie is riv'n, 
We will love thee still, 
And hope to meet in heaven. 

John }V* Tecic Died Apr. 19, 1874, 
JE, 68 yrs. 

At rest in heaven. 

Caroline, Wife of John Peck, Died 

June 26, 1877, Ai, 65 yrs. 
Asleep In Jesus. 

Long Hill Burying-place at Trumbull. 


Platt. fa monumbnt.] 
Susan JIT. Piatt, Born Sept. 21, 

181S. Died Oct. 14. 1885. 
Freddie, Born June 4. 1881, Died 

June 8. 1881. 
Lettie, Born Apr. 10, 1877, Died Jan. 

30, 1878. 

In memory of 
J!Sii0» John Pofter, who departed 

this Life May 6»\ 1781. In the 83* 

Year of his Age. 

Here lies y* Body of 
Mrs. Hannah Porter, Dau' of 
Ensign John & Mrs. Hannah Porter, 
who departed this Life Decern' y* 26, 
1773, in y* 38 Year of His Age. 

In memorv of 
Anitni Salmons, who died April 12, 

1811, Aged 36 years. Also of 
Nahby, relict of Ammi Salmons, who 

died Feb. 3, 1833, aged 56 years. 

David E, Salmon Died Nov. 19, 

1851, iiit. 46 Years. 
Friends nor physicians could not save 
This mortal body from the grave 
The grave cannot retain it here. 
When Christ, his Saviour, doth appear. 

Caroline, wife of David E. Salmon, 
Died July 13, 1859, iEt. 54 years. 
Dearest Mother thou hast left us. 

Here thy loss we deeply feel, 
Out 'tis God that hath bereft us, 
He can all our sorrows heal. 

Mary E., daughter of David E. & 
Caroline Salmon, died Oct. ii, 1842. 
iE. 10 yrs. & 5 mo. 

Frances C, Daughter of David E. & 
Caroline Salmon, died Dec. 17, 1848, 
iE. 13 yrs. & 3 mo. 

In memory of 
Deborah Salmon, who died Oct'. 

27. 1780, In the s^"* year of her Age ; 

also of 
Ourtiss Salmon, who died April 23^', 

1785, In the I'* year of his Age ; and 


Hannah SaXtnon, who died April 
18*''. 1791, In the 3** Year of her Age. 
Children of Daniel & Hannah Sal- 

Sleep lovely babes ft take your rest 
In Christ the Lord divinely best 

Died Dec. 7, 1822. 
Daniel Salmon M, 72 years. 

Died March 26. 1833. 
Hannah Salmon M, 83 years. 

Died July 29, 1818. 
Percy Salmon yE. 25 years. 

Here lyes y* Body of 
Mrs. 3Iary Salmon, Wife of Mr. 
Daniel Salmon, who departed this life 
Dec.6**» 1772, In y»25*^yearof HerAge. 

In memory of 
Daniel Saltnon, Son of Daniel & 
Hannah Salmon, who died July 13^, 
1796, In the i6^^ Year of his Age. 
we'l mourn In hope the youth to see 

Glorious when Christ appears, 
Thee raised in glory his shall be 
Like him through endless years. 

Here lyes Buried the Body of 
Mr, Thonuis Sanford who de- 
parted this Life April y* I9^\ 1767, 
ill y« to^ Year of His Aage. 

Elisha Slierman Died May 25, 1867, 
iE. 72 yrs. 7 mos. 25 dys. 

In memory of 
Elnaflian IF, Sliernian who died 
Aug. 2q, 1833, aged 69. 

In memory of 
Jlfi'^. Anna Sherman, wife of 

Mr. EInathan W. Sherman, who died 

Oct. 9. 1819 : aged 44 years. 
Like blossom'd trees o'erturned by vernal atom. 
Lovely In death the beauteous ruin lay. 
She lives beyond the grave. 

Charlie, son of M. W. & J. E. Sher- 
wood, Died Jan. 10, 1878, ^. 4 yrs. 
16 mos. & 19 days. 

Little Darling, 
He has left us. 

Margaret A,, Wife of Lafayette J. 
Sherwood, Died Dec. 28, 1883, ^. 46 

Nora E, Smith Died Sept. 7, 1873, 
M. 15 yrs. 
What though loved ones here In sorrow 
Weep the tears of anguish now. 
Mother. Sister, friends who loved thee. 
All shall meet thee by and by 

Eliza Somers Died Feb. i, 1883, 
Aged 7§ years. 

**There is rest for the weary." 

Anna Sterling, wife of Elijah Ster- 
ling, died Sept. 19, 1851, aged 84 years. 

Elam Sterling Died July 22, 1861, 
yE. 70 yrs. 6 mo. & 16 Ds. 
Rejoice that I have gained that shore. 
To which my faltering footsteps tended ; 
Breathe the blest hope at>ove the sod. 
And leave me to my rest with God. 

Washington D*ving, son of Elam 
& Susan Sterling, Died Nov. 10, 1855, 
M. 18 yrs. & 3 mo. 
Think of me when the noon-day sun 

Shines on our happy home ; 
Think then upon the silent one 

Who never will return. 
Weep that all earthly objects fade. 

And earth t>orn joys fade 
Weep that a voice Is whispering still. 
Thou too must pass away. 


History of Stratford. 

In memory of 

Liicetta, daughter of Elim & Susan 

Sterling, who died Nov. 7, 1838, aged 

6 years, i month. 
LucetU dear, thy lovely charms 
Did round our hearts entwine ; 
But ah i the voice of death slirms. 
Thy form we must resign. 
■ This lovely bud, so young, so fair. 
Called home by early doom ; 
JuM came to show how sweet a flower 
In Paradise would bloom. 

Elizabeth Sterling died June 16, 
1844, aged 77 y. & 6 mo. 

In memory of 
Mrs. Hannah Sterling, Wife of 
Capt. Ephraim Sterling, who departed 
this life Dec 3*. 1786. In the 43* Year 
of her age. 

In memory of 
Mr. Joseph Sterlhig, who departed 
this Life April ^^, 1777, In the 67** 
Year of his Age. 

Here lyes the Body of 
Jlfrg. Hestar Starling. Wife to Mr. 
Joseph Starling, who departed this 
Life April the 27, 1773, in y* 56*^ 
Year of Her Age. 

Here lyos yo Body of 

Mrs. Elizabeth Sterling, Dau'. of 

Mr. Joseph & Mrs. Elizabeth Sterling, 

who departed this life September, 

1769, in y* i9**» Year of Her Age. 

Philip Sterling Died Sept. 24, 1845, 

iE. 76. 
Buth, wife of Philip Sterling, Died 
Apr. 37, 1876, iE. 95 yrs. 9 mo. 22 Ds. 

In memory of 
Mr. Sulvanus Sterling who de- 

parted this Life Jan. 6, 1781, in the 42 

Year of his Age. 
Esther Sterling, wife of Sylvan us 

Sterling, died July 16, 181 1, in her 74 

Our den Sterling died Jan. 31, 1826, 

aged 51. 
Shertvood E. Sterling Died July 

29, 1856, In the 51 year of his age. 
Elnora A., only daughter of Sher* 

wood E. & Rebecca Sterling, Died 

Aug. 29, 1852, iE. 18 Yrs. & 29 Ds. 

The ffood die first. 

None knew thee but to love thee ; 

Nor named thee but to praise thee. 

In memory of 
Starr Sterling ^ son of Elijah & Anne 
Sterling, who left home Oct. 15. 1809, 
& arrived to his brother in the Isle of 
Antigua Nov. II, & died the 24. Flis 
brother Silvanus 15 months after took 
his remains & they were buried here 
May I, 181 1, Aged 16 years 6 months. 

In memory of 
Seth S. Stratton, who died Oct la, 
1831, in his 49 year. 

In memory of 
Amy, wife of Seth S. Stratton, who 
died Aug. 6, 1843. agc<l 60 yrs. 

In memory of 
Daniel S., son of Seth S. & Amy 
Stratton, who died Oct. — .1813, agett 
I yr. & 9 mo. 

Aaron St$tnniers Died April 21, 
1884, iE. 76 Yrs. II Mos. 

In memory of 
Abel Summers who died Oct. 12, 
1836, aged 47 years. 

Erected in memory of 
Lois Summers, widow of Abel Sum- 
mers & formerly wid. of Daniel Bur- 
ton, who died Jan. 13, 1842, aged 67 

In memory of 
Eebeeea Burr, dau. of Dan. & Lois 
Burton, who died Mar. 15, 1841, 
aged 40 years. 

In memory of 
Mr. David Suinmers who died 
Feb. 38t^ 1818, in the 86^^ year of his 

In memory of 
Mrs. Mary Summers, wife of Mr. 
David Summers, who died Oct. 17^, 
1801, in the 62' year of her age. 

In memory of 
Miss Hepzibah, Daughter of Mr. 
David & Mrs. Mary Summers, who 
died Dec' 20^^, 1791, in the 19^ Year 
of her Age. 

In memory of 
David Summers, who died Sept. 
26, 1853, iEt. 73. 

In memory of 
I*oUy, wife of David Summers, who 
died Nov. 8, 1828, Ai. 46. 

In memory of 
David, Jr., son of David & Polly 
Summers, who died Nov. 18,1828,^. 
10 years. 

In memory of 
Elijah, son of Nathan & Sally Sum- 

mers. who died Oct. 10, 1827, aged 16 

He Cometh forth like a flower and is cut down. 

Enoch Summers Died May 11, 

1856, iE. 37. 
In the great cloisters stillness A seclusion, 

Hy guardian angels lc<l ; 
Safe from temptation, safe from sins polutlon 

He lives whom we call dead. 

Long Hill Burying^place at Trumbull. 


George N,* Son of David & Polly 
Summers, a led March 4, 1806, aged i 
year & 12 days. 

In memory of 
Nathan 8tnnmei*8 who died Jan. 
23. 1854, i£t. 80. 

Sally f wife of Nathan Summers, died 

Jan. 12, 1856, JE. 72. 

Who shall weep when the righteous die ? 

Who shall mourn when the good depart. 
When the soul of the Rodly away Bhall fly, 

Who shall lay the lou to heart ? 

In memory of 

Samuel S»f son of Nathan & Sally 

Summers, who died Aug. 11, 1832, in 

the 19 year of his age. 
He fleeth also as a shadow ft continueth not. 

Oeorge Hetirey died Dec. 2, 1867, 

/£,. 8 mos. & 24 Ds. 
Mary JIawley Died May 24, 1869, 

i£. II mos. 

Children of Birdsey C. & Josephine 


Oearye and Dasie» 

O not in cruelty not in wrath 

The reaper came that day 

It was an angel visited the green earth 

And took the flowers away. 

Homer F, TUford, Fell a Martyr 
in his countr/s cause, on the bloody 
field of Coal Harbor, in the War of 
tlio Great Robolllon, June i, 1864, i£. 
56 yrs. a mo. & 17 Ds. 
**The paths of glory lead but to the grave." 

Our little Arthur. 

Arthur Iteedf only child of Homer 

& Mary F. Tilford, died Dec. 27, 

1857, ^. 6 yrs. 
I shall go to him, but he shall not come to me. 

There Is anguish in our household. 
It is desolate and lone : 
For a fondly cherished darling. 
Prom its parents nest hast flown. 

A little form Is missing, 
A heart has ceased to beat : 
And the chain of love lies shattered 
At the desolaters feet. 

Safe in Heaven 
Homer Herrick, only child of 
Homer F. & Mary F. Tilford. died 
Aug. 6. 1864, aged 13 days. 

Anna May^ Dau. of Rinaldo C. & 

Ellen Touscy, died Aug. 6, 1876, M. 

6 mos. 

Safe in the arms of Jesus. 

Cliarlett A. Tutmey Died Jan. 29, 
1874. Aged 67. 

J^ertneliaf wife of Charles A. Turney, 
Died Jan. I. 1867, /E, 57 yrs. & 9 mos. 

**The past is past'* 'tis gone from us forever. 
Regrets and tears we find alilce are vain, 

What Kate decrees, no mortal power can sever; 
The treasure lost can n'er be ours again. 


Marietta A., daughter of Carlos A. 
& Permelia Turney, Died July 3, 
1858, JE. 17 yrs. & J ds. 
She's gone I tnat child we held so dear ; 

No more her smiles we meet. 
That gentle voice we loved to hear ; 
Can us no longer greet. 

Jlfr, David Turney died April 24, 
1 8 17, aged 70 years. 

In memory of 
Mr, John Turney who died August 

II, 1786. In the 78"* Year of his Ago. 

Also of 
Mrs, Hannah Turney, wife of 

Mr. John Turney, who died June i**, 

1790, in the 85*** Year of her Age. 

In memon' of 
Mrs. Elizabeth Turney^ wife of 
Mr. John Turney, who died Nov. 
13*''. 1784. In the 40**' Year of her 

Legrand S. Turney Died Nov. 25, 
1875, iE. 66 yrs. 

Levi Turtiey Died Sept. 8, 1855, M, 

Jerusha Turney Died Sept. 30, 
1858. JE, 74. 

In memory of 
Mr, Robert Turney who died May 
I J. 1 81 5, aged 67 years. 
Unveil thy bosom faithful tomb 

Take this new treasure to thy trust, 
And give these sacred relics room 
To seek a slumber In the dust. 

In memory of 
Mrs. Eunice Turney, Wife of Mr. 
Robert Turney, who oied July 17*, 
1796, In the 56*'' Year of her Ago. 

Hobert Turney died March 7, 1866, 
JE. 64 Yrs & II Mos. 

Betsey A,, wife of Robert Turney, 
Died March 10, 1873. i£. 62 Yrs. & 4 

Emma J,, daughter of Robert & 
Betsey A. Tiirney, Died Oct. 22, 
1864, IE. 23 yrs. 10 mos. & 15 days. 
Earth ! Farewell, Hail Celestial Orb. 

TFieodore L,, son of Robert & Betsey 
Turney, died July 29, 1855, iE. 23 Yrs. 

In memory of 
David S, Turrell who died Jan. 5, 
1843, aged S2 years. 

Alice, wife of David S. Turrell, died 
Sept. 14, 1840, aged 48 years & 3 mos. 

In memory of 
Caroline IF,, daughter of D.ivid S. 
& Tabitha Turrel, who died Feb. i, 
1824, aged 5 y. I mo. 14 d. 


History of Stratford. 

Tabitha Turrei, \vlfe of David S. 
Turret, died Dec. 27, 1826, in the 49 
year of her age. 

Harriet JE», daughter of David S. 
& Harriet Turrei. died Oct. 2, 1840. 
aged 8 yrs. 3 mo. & 2 ds. 

Fanny J., Dau. of T. L. & H. R. 

Wade, Died Mar. 17. 1879 ; iE. i mo. 

& 14 Ds. 

Sarah A,, Dau. of J.J. & M. F. Rad- 

cliffe. Died Feb. 12, 1883. Aged 4 


HarriUe 11. Wade, Wife of T. L. 
Wade. Died May 17. 1858, M, 35 yrs. 
At Rest 

John H» Wade Died June 4, 1880, 
iE. 37 yrs. 

A member of Co. C, 5»* C. V. V. 
We mitt thee. 

In memory of 

David Wahelee, who died May 18, 

1822, aged 82 years & 7 mo. Also 

Mary, his wife, who died May 12, 
1803. in her 57 year. 

In memory of 
Daniel Wakeiee, JEsqr., who died 
Oct. 26, 1837, aged 65 years. Also of 

Mary Wakeiee f his wife, who died 
Sept. 10, 1837, aged 56 years. 

In memory of • 
Daniel B» Wakeiee, who died Jan. 
18, 1838, aged 23 yrs. 

George Wakeiee Died Sept. 16, 1874, 
iE. 65 yrs. 4 mos. 18 Ds. 
De^th but entorobt the body, life the soul. 

In memory of 
Harriet Wakeley, who died July 5, 
1859, M. 45 years. 

Return to thy rest* O ray soul, for the Lord 
hath dealt bountifully with thee. 

Here lyes the Body of 
Mr. Israel Walcelee, who departed 

this Life March 2./'', in the 75*** 

year of his Age. 

Here lyes y* Body. of 
Mrs. Abignil WfiJdee, Wife of 
Mr. Israel Wakeiee, Who departed 
this life Nov' y* 12, 1765, in y* 78*'* 
year of Her Age. 

Mary A. Wakeiee Died Nov. 17, 
1870, /£.. 65 yrs. 9 mos. 
**lilessed are the dead who die in the Lord." 

In memory of 
Miles B, Wakeiee, xvho died June 
14, 1846, JE,. 28 yrs. 6 mo. 

In memory of 
Ahijah Wakeieu, who died July 14, 
1856, ./E. 71 yrs. & 3 mos. 

Silas A., Son of Stiles P. & Maria 
Wakeiee, died May i, 1847, iE. syrt. 

Cliarles Walker Died Mar. 18, 1877, 
iE. 71 Yrs. 

Delia Ann, wife of Charles Walker, 
Died Feb. o, 1867, Aged 48 Yrs. 
The months of afilictkm are o*er. 

The days and the nights of distrea. 
We tee her In anruiah no more. 
She has gained ner happy rdeaae. 

Beach Vivaldo, son of Chmrles Sc 
Delia A. Walker. Died May 28. 1855. 
iE. 4 yrs. 10 mo. & 18 Ds. 

Thou art a little angel now, 
A diadem la on thy orow, 
A golden harp is In thy hand. 

A diadem la on thy brow, 

Jiy ha 
Aiid with the holy throne dok stand. 

In memory of 

Col. David Walker, who died Dec. 
2, 184s. aged 42 yrs. 4 mo. 

In memory of 
Eliza, wife of David Walker, who 
died Jan. 22, 1853, iE. 43. 

In memory of 
DatHd Walker, who died Oct. 25, 
1829, aged 62 years. 

In memory of 
Elizabeth, wife of David Walker, who 
died Mar. 13, 1840. aged 72.